The ninth and tenth books of Literature/TheBible.

The first book tells the story of Samuel who is dedicated by his mother to the priesthood. He grows up to be the most important religious and political figure of his day, becoming the last ''shofet'' or "Judge" of Israel (in the sense meant by the Literature/BookOfJudges) and (somewhat reluctantly) helps establish the Israelite kingship.

The second book tells of the kingship of David, Israel's greatest king and ancestor of Jesus.

%%Creator/JosephHeller's ''Literature/GodKnows'' is a modern -- and not a little {{meta|fiction}} -- retelling of the Books of Samuel.

The Books of Samuel are followed by the Literature/BooksOfKings.
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!!These books contain the following tropes

* AlasPoorVillain: When Absalom is defeated, David is devastated at losing his son, and [[HeroicBSOD mourns so intensely]] that his officers finally have to give him a WhatTheHellHero for hurting his men's morale.
* AllCrimesAreEqual: In part of Samuel's harsh rebuke to Saul's incomplete genocide and rejection as King of Israel, he states in I Samuel 15:23 that rebellion is just as sinful as witchcraft, and stubbornness is just as evil as idolatry. [[note]]However, Saul ''did'' consult a witch after rebelling against God, and stubbornness against God is putting yourself over Him, ergo idolatry.[[/note]]
* ArmorIsUseless:
** Goliath is wearing more than a hundred pounds of armor, including a bronze helmet. However, the rock David fires at Goliath kills him instantly by going through his eye socket, which presumably was not covered by the helmet.
** David also rejects Saul's armor, as it's far too big for him.
* ArtifactTitle: Samuel only played a significant role in the beginning of the first book, then died in the middle and is not mentioned in the second. Those books focus more on the King David.
* AndThatLittleGirlWasMe: Nathan tells David a story about a rich man who stole a poor man's pet lamb. But when David expresses outrage, Nathan reveals that the rich man was an allegory for David's UriahGambit and lays down his TheReasonYouSuckSpeech.
* AssholeVictim: Goliath, Absalom, King Saul, Joab, the Philistines and the Amalekites.
* BabiesEverAfter: God was so pleased at Hannah giving her firstborn to His service after years of infertility that He made her quite fertile from that point on. She proceeds to have five more children.
* BadassCrew: 2nd Samuel has a ''list'' of Badasses who worked for King David, and were referred to as the "Mighty Men". The entire list is filled with stories of people killing off hundreds of people singlehanded, or fighting wild animals.
* BadassIsraeli: A whole lot of them, probably most notably David and his mighty men. Saul was no wimp either.
* BodyguardingABadass: King David had thirty elite OneManArmy soldiers to act as his personal bodyguards, but he's such a badass he probably didn't need them anyway.
* BratsWithSlingshots: Notably ''not'' David, though many, many people believe he used one. What he really used was a ''sling''--which, in so many words, was the ancient world's equivalent of a gun or bow and arrow, rather than a kid's toy.
* BurnTheWitch: When he became king, Saul was noted for executing witches among the Israelites. Later on, though, he proved to be a {{hypocrite}} by consulting the Witch of Endor to find out about his fate in battle.
* CombatByChampion: DavidVersusGoliath, the most famous example in history.
* CombatPragmatist: David defeats his massive and well-equipped foe by pegging him in the face from a distance.
* DavidVersusGoliath:
** TropeNamer. Goliath was more or less ancient history's Wrestling/AndreTheGiant -- some translations put him at ''nine feet tall!'' David, meanwhile, was hammered home as the runt of his family, the youngest of ten siblings and not much older than 18 when Goliath bellowed his challenge to Saul's army.
** On a political level, David and Saul. Saul was not a short man, and was God's anointed king (for a time) with direct control of the army. That's stiff competition for a former sheep herder.
* DefiledForever: David's daughter Tamar, who was raped by her half-brother Amnon, who ended up living in her other brother Absalom's house as a desolate woman. This eventually results in Absalom getting even with Amnon by having him killed in a private little party.
* DisproportionateRetribution: The rejection of Saul as king just just for doing some of Samuel's duties may seem like this at the outset, but it must be noted that the high priest makes sure the king does God's commands to the letter. Saul tries to bypass this and concentrate all power on himself. He was a tyrant in the making.
* DreamTeam[=/=]BadassCrew: David assembles an elite squad of [[BadassIsraeli thirty "mighty men"]] to be his personal guard. All of them had impressive achievements in battle, including one who killed 800 Philistines in one day, one who single-handedly defended an entire field, and one who "killed a lion in a pit on a snowy day."
* DrivenToSuicide: Saul, eventually. And Ahithophel, when Absalom seeks advice as for what to do with King David, and prefer's Hushai's advice over Ahithophel's.
* DueToTheDead: The funeral pyres for Saul and his three sons and the burial of their ashes at the end of 1 Samuel. David later has the ashes reburied in the family tomb along with the remains of the seven men who had been killed for their ancestor's massacre of the Gibeonites.
* TheEvilPrince: David's sons Amnon (raped his half-sister) and Absalom (led a rebellion). Later Adonijah, a much less overt and more underhanded type.
* EyeScream: Saul's first great act was saving a city under siege from a warlord who would let them live if they allowed him to gouge out their eyes.
* FatalFlaw
** Saul's tendency to follow his own way rather than waiting for a command from God.
** David's inability to control his sex drive, which lead to the poor discipline of his children.
** Joab's violence.
* FinalSolution: What God, through Samuel, orders King Saul to do the Amalekites, and is punished for being insufficiently thorough in the extermination.
* FullyClothedNudity: David danced before the Lord in an ephod when he successfully brought the Ark of the Covenant into Jerusalem as per the Lord's instructions. His wife Michal treats it as though he was dancing naked in public.
* HeelFaceRevolvingDoor: King Saul changes his views on David every chapter. David actually has to prove twice that he has no intention to kill him.
* HereditaryCurse: God does this to David's family after David has an affair with Bathsheba and has her husband killed.
* HeroicBSOD: David suffers one when he receives the news that Absalom has been killed. Joab has to snap him out of it with a WhatTheHellHero speech accusing him of ruining morale by caring more for his traitorous son than his loyal followers.
%%* HeterosexualLifePartners: David and Jonathan.
* HolyIsNotSafe
** TheArkOfTheCovenant proves to be an equal-opportunity DoomsdayDevice in 1 Samuel 4-7. The Israelites bring the Ark onto the field of battle, which scares the Philistines into fighting harder instead. They capture it, then make the mistake of keeping it in the same room as an idol of Dagon. God breaks the statue and smites the Philistines with a plague of tumors and rats. The Philistine cities play hot potato with the Ark for a while before sending it back to Israel with a guilt offering. Aaaand the Israelites promptly have a whole bunch of people die from looking into the Ark.
** As David tried to bring the Ark on a cart into Jerusalem and the oxen stumbled, Uzzah used his hand to steady the Ark lest it fall off the cart, and he was promptly struck dead for doing so.
* HonorBeforeReason: During a battle with the Philistines, Saul disrupted his own army by making them swear that they will not eat or drink until they have won. They had no choice but to obey, and the enemy escaped. Only [[OnlySaneMan Jonathan]] thought this was dumb.
* HowTheMightyHaveFallen: TropeNamer. Part of David's eulogy for King Saul and Jonathan, though it is how the king has fallen in battle, not how he has fallen in might.
%%* IDidWhatIHadToDo: King Saul in 1 Samuel 13. God was less than pleased with this attitude and fired him.
* ImprobableWeaponUser: The Philistines had a monopoly on weapons so the Israelites (with the exception of Saul & Jonathan) had to weaponise their farm tools. The Philistines promised that they would not go to war with Israel if the Jews destroyed all of their weapons. The Jews, being TooDumbToLive, complied. Needless to say, [[DidNotThinkThisThrough they regretted their decision almost immediately]].
* ItsAllMyFault:
** David bravely comes clean and says "I have sinned against the Lord" when Nathan the prophet confronts him with his sin of adultery with Bathsheba and killing her husband Uriah to cover it up. Because he repents, the Lord lets him live but still punishes him.
** Earlier on, David takes responsibility for King Saul having Doeg the Edomite massacre the priests of God, knowing that his brief encounter with the high priest with Doeg present has doomed them.
* LampshadeHanging: "[[SixthRangerTraitor As I served your father, so shall I serve you]]."
* LawOfInverseFertility: Penninah has children, and lords it over Hannah, who has none. Hannah eventually ''does'' conceive, but not without divine intervention.
* MaybeMagicMaybeMundane: The Witch of Endor calls up the spirit of Samuel from the grave, and he speaks in a disembodied voice, revealing the disguised Saul's identity and prophesying his defeat. Or did she? Some scholars have observed that the apparition as described would be very easy to fake with the help of a bit of clever ventriloquism [[note]]The Septuagint translation from the 2nd century BC goes so far as to translate "witch" with the Greek word for "ventriloquist"[[/note]], and it wouldn't exactly take supernatural aid to deduce that the disguised man was in fact the king known for being the tallest of all the Israelites. When read with that in mind, the text is actually rather cagey on the point of whether a spirit genuinely appeared. [[BrokenBase Interpreters are divided]] as to what might have really happened.
* MistakenForJunkie: When Hannah is praying for a child, Eli (the priest) assumes she's drunk. When she corrects him, he apologizes, and says something along the lines of "May God grant you what you ask for."
* MoralityPet - Mephiboseth, Jonathan's crippled son, is this to David, to the point where he's exempted when David has to select seven of Saul's descendants to be [[SinsOfOurFathers punished for Saul's]] [[KnightTemplar massacre of the Gibeonites]].
* MurderTheHypotenuse: The result of David's UriahGambit was his marriage to Bathsheba, whom he had inadvertently knocked up.
* NakedFirstImpression: David first sees Bathsheba bathing outdoors. Thus begins the affair.
* NastyParty: Absalom gets his revenge on his half-brother Amnon by inviting him to a private party and then having his servants slay him in secret. This gets misinterpreted as Absalom slaying all of David's sons until Amnon's friend clears up the whole situation.
* NonindicativeName: Samuel figures prominently in the first book, but he dies in chapter 25 and (obviously) doesn't appear at all in 2 Samuel, which is all about David's reign.
* ObfuscatingInsanity: David was forced to flee (from Saul) into exile at the court of the King of Gath (Goliath's hometown), who happened to be an enemy of Israel. When the King of Gath recognizes him as an anti-Philistine guerrilla warrior, David pretended to be a raving madman, causing the king to think him harmless.
* OfferedTheCrown: Saul, then David.
* OurGiantsAreBigger: The Rephaim, including Goliath. David and friends make a name for themselves by killing a few of these in battle.
* OutdoorBathPeeping: David infamously peeps on Bathsheba when she is bathing on a rooftop. This leads to his adultery and the resulting UriahGambit.
* PleaseShootTheMessenger: King David gets Uriah out of the way by sending him back to camp with dispatches for the general, Joab. Joab's orders: "Put Uriah out in front where the fighting is fiercest. Then withdraw from him so he will be struck down and die."
* {{Polyamory}}:
** The story begins with Elkanah, who had two wives, Penninah and Hannah.
** Also, David has Michal and Bathsheba, plus several other women.
* PrecisionFStrike: King Saul gets one in the original Hebrew and also in a few translations (e.g. The Living Bible) upon figuring out that Jonathan, who he had favored to be his successor, was on David's side.
* PunishedForSympathy: King Saul is chastised by Samuel because he had spared only one Amalekite, King Agag (whom Saul viewed as a strategically valuable hostage), as well as the sheep and cattle. God had commanded Saul to kill them all. For this, God officially rejected Saul as king of Israel, to be replaced with David.
* ThePurge
* RagtagBunchOfMisfits: David's Mighty Men.
* RedemptionEqualsAffliction: David repents of pulling the UriahGambit as well as committing adultery. Although God forgave him, He allowed David and Bathsheba's child to die in infancy and David's life got quite complicate afterwards.
* RejectedApology: Saul repents to God for leaving Amalekite genocide incomplete, but Samuel informs him that God won't accept it and has now rejected him as King of Israel.
* RuleOfSeven: For a famine in 2 Samuel 21 to end, seven of King Saul's descendants have to [[SinsOfOurFathers pay for his]] [[KnightTemplar massacre of the Gibeonites]].
* SelfFulfillingProphecy: Saul's attempts at killing David and saving his dynasty end up dooming it.
* SinsOfOurFathers:
** David [[YourCheatingHeart commits adultery with Bathsheba]] and then pulls off his infamous UriahGambit. As a punishment, the son of that adultery dies, but later they have another son: Solomon. David is also cursed with war and public shame, which results in the deaths of two of his other sons. (And though they probably [[EvilPrince deserved it]], David is still [[HeroicBSOD crushed]].)
** David delivered seven of Saul's descendants to be executed because Saul committed the massacre of the Gibeonites.
* ShotgunWedding: Though passed off by David as an HonorableMarriageProposal; he married Bathsheba (after [[MurderTheHypotenuse killing her husband off]]) because he got her pregnant.
* SleepingDummy: Michal creates one by using an image stuffed under the covers of David's bed to help her husband escape being killed by her father King Saul.
* SonOfAWhore: Jonathan gets called this by his own father Saul when he suspects that Jonathan is protecting David.
* SuckSessor:
** Eli's sons sucking leads the way for Samuel to become the priest[[note]]and, to add in the irony, unlike Eli in Aaron's priestly line, Samuel descended from the infamous Korah[[/note]]; then, Samuel's just-as-terrible sons lead the way to Saul being crowned.
** Saul sees Jonathan as this, since Jonathan cares more about his friendship with David than the throne; but being the suck-sessor to a terrible king is hardly a bad thing.
* ThisIsForEmphasisBitch: Courtesy of King Saul, and the first recorded example in human history.
-->"You '''son of a perverse, rebellious woman'''! I know that you side with the son of Jesse—to your shame, and to the shame of your mother's nakedness!"
%%* TragicBromance: David and Jonathan.
* TwentyBearAsses: Saul offered his daughter's hand in marriage to David, if David could bring him [[GroinAttack 100 Philistine foreskins]]. David one-upped him and brought back 200.
* UnusualEuphemism: Many English translations have Saul swear at Jonathan along the lines of, "You son of a ''[[ThisIsForEmphasisBitch perverse and rebellious woman]]''!" Needless to say, there is indeed a [[SonOfAWhore closer English equivalent]] to the Hebrew original, but apparently [[{{Bowdlerize}} most translators don't like the thought of putting it in]] Literature/TheBible. (''The Living Bible'' is a notable exception.)
* UriahGambit: TropeMaker and TropeNamer, but not in the same event. The Trope Maker is Saul sending David on missions to get him killed (unsuccessful), whereas the TropeNamer is David's attempt to get a woman and conceal his guilt by sending her husband who is one of his own loyal soldiers to death in the hands of the enemy.
* VillainHasAPoint: After Absalom's rebellion fails because, despite David's explicit orders he be spared, Joab kills the rebel, David becomes extremely sad and the story clearly expects us to feel sympathy for the man who just lost one of his sons. Joab goes to his uncle and tells him to [[GetAHoldOfYourselfMan man up and behave like a king should]] and [[QuitYourWhining stop crying like a child]], and criticizes him to his face how he constantly shows goodwill to people who try to harm him while [[UngratefulBastard showing no gratitude to those who faithfully serve him]]. Not even the narrative denies that Joab, morally ambiguous as he is, has something of a point by now, especially since David does just what his nephew tells him afterwards.
%%* VillainousBreakdown: Saul ever since God rejected him.
* WarriorPoet: David, giant slayer and great musician/poet/dancer.
* WhatTheHellHero:
** Nathan reaming out David for his adultery, and his murder of Uriah.
** Joab gives one to David as well, for mourning over Absalom's death so much that he neglected to thank his men for their loyalty.
** There's also Samuel chewing out Saul for burning an offering without waiting for him to arrive to Gilgal and later for sparing King Agag and the cattle and sheep when God commanded him to kill all Amalekites.
* TheWisePrince: Prince Jonathan proves to be a wiser and more caring ruler than his father King Saul, and the earlier stories involving him tend to be optimistic...until his TragicBromance with to-be-king David [[FromBadToWorse kicks in]]...
* YouWillBeSpared: Heroic example: twice when David had the opportunity to kill King Saul whenever the king was nearby, David refused, even as at the first time he only cut off a corner of the king's robe and his heart was smitten, realizing that King Saul was still the LORD's anointed and he cannot touch the anointed and be considered guiltless. Both incidents ended up with Saul and David walking away with their lives.
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