Creator/ErnestHemingway's second novel, written in [[PointOfView first-person]] narration, published in 1929, and [[WriteWhatYouKnow semi-autobiographical]].

Frederic Henry, a volunteer American ambulance driver, serves in Italy during UsefulNotes/WorldWarI. Whilst abroad, he meets British nurse [[SatelliteLoveInterest Catherine Barkley]] and [[HelloNurse becomes attracted to her]]. He gets a chance to consummate his attraction to her after being wounded at the front and [[FlorenceNightingaleEffect shipped back to hospital]]. By the end of the summer, Catherine is three months pregnant. Once healed, Frederic returns to the front just in time for it to collapse and the Austro-Hungarians to come pouring through; he, like the other officers, are rounded up by the "[[SecretPolice battle police]]" to be [[YouHaveFailedMe executed for the defeat]]. Frederic escapes through some quick {{Bad Ass}}ery and reunites with Catherine, whereupon the two escape to Switzerland in a rowboat. There they maintain an isolated but idyllic existence until Catherine goes into labor. The baby is stillborn. Catherine hemorrhages and dies. The end.

Hemingway was [[TrueArtIsAngsty not a happy man]].

Besides many characters being based on [[WriteWhoYouKnow people the author knew]], this novel is useful to Hemingway scholars as it provides the first incarnations of the famed Hemingway "code hero". Frederic Henry is TheStoic, relates to the world in a largely physical manner, he has trouble not being a JerkAss sometimes, and his thoughts revolve around girls and drink. MainCharacters in Hemingway novels would continue in this vein throughout most of his body of work.

The novel is considered one of the great classics of American fiction, and chances are that if you attended an American high school, you read it there. (This just highlights one of the downsides of Hemingway's "[[BeigeProse iceberg theory]]" of fiction: it relies on {{Subtext}}, which, depending on your age and/or maturity level, you might not get.)

The novel has been adapted for film and television several times. The 1932 version, directed by Creator/FrankBorzage and starring Creator/GaryCooper, was nominated for Best Picture and won an UsefulNotes/AcademyAward for cinematography.

!!Provides Examples Of:
%% Zero-Context Examples are not allowed on this wiki. All such examples have been commented out. Please add context to these examples before uncommenting them.
%%* BeigeProse: Hemingway's SignatureStyle. (TropesAreNotBad.)
%%* CheckpointCharlie
* ArcSymbol: The frequent use of rain throughout the novel. Such as Catherine saying she's "afraid of the rain because sometimes I see me dead in it," and of course, it's a rainy day when [[DeathByChildbirth the]] [[DownerEnding ending]] happens.
* CrapsackWorld "The world breaks everyone and afterward many are strong at the broken places. But those that will not break it kills. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry."
%%* ADateWithRosiePalms
* DeathByChildbirth: Catherine hemorrhages to death after she loses the baby.
* DownerEnding: Frederic loses both his love and his child at the end.
%%* ImportantHaircut
* FlorenceNightingaleEffect: Catherine falls for Frederic as she treats him.
%%* SpotTheImposter: Subverted.
* TheDiseaseThatShallNotBeNamed: Subverted, kind of. It's suspected that Rinaldi has contracted syphilis.
* TooHappyToLive: Frederic and Catherine have such a bright future together, until she dies at the end.
* TrainEscape: Frederic escapes execution on one.
* UndignifiedDeath: The RedShirt mechanic who dies when Henry is injured in the beginning of the book. Blown apart while eating cheese.
* WarIsGlorious: Utterly averted. Although there are numerous moments throughout the book that serve to mock the idea, the one that takes the cake has to be when Henry [[SkewedPriorities risks his life to get some cheese to eat with his pasta]], and then is subsequently nearly blown to pieces along with the rest of his mechanics while eating it.
%%* WarIsHell