[[caption-width-right:355:Pictured above: FrankensteinsMonster.\\
(Not pictured: [[IAmNotShazam Dr. Frankenstein himself]].)]]

''Frankenstein'' (full title: ''Frankenstein: A Modern Prometheus'') is a novel by Creator/MaryShelley, originally published in 1818, with a 1823 reprint without Shelley's involvement and a third edition in 1831, this time with significant edits from the author.

For more about the novel, see ''{{Literature/Frankenstein}}''.

This novel has been adapted into a minor subgenre of movies and sequels:

* ''[[http://english.unl.edu/sbehrendt/texts/Presumption/presump.htm Presumption; or, the Fate of Frankenstein]]'' (1823 play), written by Richard Brinsley Peake. This introduced changes like removing the framing device, making the monster a huge and non-speaking brute that dies at the end, and elevating Frankenstein's assistant to major character status which would later become standard elements of the mythology. Until the 1931 movie this was the best-known version of the story.
* ''[[Film/{{Frankenstein 1910}} Frankenstein]]'' (1910 film), a film written and directed by J. Searle Dawley, and the first film adaptation. Largely a showcase of special effects, and it was believed lost for decades. Luckily, a copy was eventually found.
* ''Life Without Soul'' (1915), the second film adaptation of Shelley's novel, remains a lost film.
* ''Film/{{Frankenstein|1931}}'' (1931 film), a film directed by James Whale and the first to star Creator/BorisKarloff as the title monster. Rather than the cynical, intelligent monster of the book, the Universal Studios version presents a childlike creature that DoesNotKnowHisOwnStrength. This is the best-known adaptation, locked in the creature's physical appearance in pop-culture, and spawned its own series of sequels and parodies:
** ''Film/BrideOfFrankenstein'' (1935)
** ''Film/SonOfFrankenstein'' (1939)
** ''Film/TheGhostOfFrankenstein'' (1942)
** ''Film/FrankensteinMeetsTheWolfMan'' (1943)
** ''Film/HouseOfFrankenstein'' (1944)
** ''Film/HouseOfDracula'' (1945)
** ''Film/AbbottAndCostelloMeetFrankenstein'' (1948)
** ''Series/TheMunsters'': The design of Herman Munster's makeup was heavily influenced by the Universal films.
** ''Film/YoungFrankenstein'' parodied elements of the first three Universal movies.
* ''Film/Frankenstein1970'', a 1958 film directed by Howard W. Koch.
* ''Film/FrankensteinConquersTheWorld'', a [[Franchise/{{Godzilla}} Toho]] film where the monster's immortal heart makes its way to Japan and after exposure to the Hiroshima blast, leads to a new giant-sized Frankenstein, who fights a giant fire-breathing lizard named Baragon. Followed by ''Film/WarOfTheGargantuas'', where two creatures grow from scraps left behind in the previous movie.
* Film/HammerHorror made a series of ''Frankenstein'' films between the 1950s and '70s, starring Creator/PeterCushing as the doctor.
** ''Film/TheCurseOfFrankenstein'' (1957), also features Creator/ChristopherLee as the monster.
** ''The Revenge of Frankenstein'' (1958)
** ''The Evil of Frankenstein'' (1964)
** ''Frankenstein Created Woman'' (1967)
** ''Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed'' (1969)
** ''Film/FrankensteinAndTheMonsterFromHell'' (1974)
* ''The Horror of Frankenstein'' (1970), Hammer's semi-remake of their first ''Frankenstein'' film.
* ''Film/LadyFrankenstein'' (1971), an English-language Italian horror film directed by Mel Welles and written by cult writer Edward di Lorenzo. Focuses on the exploits of the Baron's daughter, and features more bare breasts that average Frankenstein film.
* ''Frankenstein: The True Story'' (1973), a British MadeForTV film directed by Jack Smight and written by Christopher Isherwood.
* ''Frankenstein'' (1993 film), a 1993 made for television film directed by David Wickes
* ''Film/MaryShelleysFrankenstein'' (1994 film), directed by Kenneth Branagh and one of the more honest adaptations, although widely derided for its hammy acting and questionable casting.
* A miniseries remake of ''[[Series/HouseOfFrankenstein1997 House of Frankenstein]]'' made in 1997 by NBC (can be seen [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7JJjy9DTF-w here]]).
* ''Frankenstein'' (US TV miniseries), a 2004 adaptation shown on the Hallmark Channel.
* ''Frankenstein'' (2007 film), a 2007 adaption shown on ITV.
* ''Frankenstein - A New Musical'' (2007 Off-Broadway musical), a little-known adaptation starring Hunter Foster as Victor and Steve Blanchard as the Creature
* ''Frankenstein: La Opera Rock'' (2009 play) a Mexican RockOpera adaptation of the book, taking references from some of the movies. Written, directed, and composed by José Fores, who also plays the role of the creature.
* ''Richard Campbell's Frankenstein'' a Music/ProgressiveMetal Concept/Opera Metal album by Richard Campbell released on 2012, it had a live performing on 2016 from octber 28 to november 1.
* ''Frankenstein'' (Upcoming) Creator/GuillermoDelToro is planning his own adaptation, which will star Doug Jones as the monster.
* ''[[http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcthree/pages/frankensteinswedding Frankenstein's Wedding]]'', a live musical filmed in Leeds, with the audience taking on the role of guests at Victor and Elizabeth's wedding.
* ''Theatre/{{Frankenstein|2011}}'', a 2011 play by Nick Dear and directed by Creator/DannyBoyle, starring Creator/BenedictCumberbatch and Creator/JonnyLeeMiller alternating as Frankenstein and the Monster. Scored with dark electronic ambient by the band Music/{{Underworld}} too. Interestingly enough, both actors have played Sherlock Holmes in modernized TV reboots - Cumberbatch in ''Series/{{Sherlock}}'' and Miller in ''Series/{{Elementary}}''.
* ''Film/IFrankenstein'': A movie notable for staying true to the Creature's depiction in the book, but having the story take place in the present day and featuring the Creature (now called Adam Frankenstein) involved in a war between gargoyles and demons. Creator/AaronEckhart plays Adam, Creator/BillNighy and Creator/MirandaOtto play the respective leaders of the demons and gargoyles and Creator/YvonneStrahovski plays a scientist who falls in love with Adam.
* ''WebVideo/FrankensteinMD:'' a 2014 VlogSeries from Pemberley Digital, featuring the amateur educational videos of enthusiastic and unorthodox medical student, [[GenderFlip Victoria]] Frankenstein.
* ''Film/VictorFrankenstein'' (2015 film) focuses primarily on the friendship between Victor Frankenstein and his protégé Igor Strausman.

!! ''Frankenstein'' contains examples of:
!!! General
* ArtificialHuman
* AudioAdaptation
* BlindAndTheBeast: The creature tries to befriend a blind man, and it works! Except the man's family returns and casts out the creature before he can explain himself.
** Sort of subverted in at least one version, where the blind man treats the creature politely... until his family tells him what the creature actually looks like, at which point he's horrified in spite of how nice the creature's been so far.
* CharacterTitle
* ConvenientlyInterruptedDocument: In ''Frankenstein: The True Story'', just before Clerval and Frankenstein are prepared to animate their creation, Clerval discovers that an arm they had reanimated earlier is becoming horribly deformed. He has a heart attack and leaves a partially-completed note: "The process is re--". He intended to write "reversing", Frankenstein interpreted the note to mean "ready."
* CreatingLife: Easily the best example--perhaps not for Frankenstein, but certainly for Shelley
* CreepyLongFingers
* DarkIsNotEvil: A {{Deconstruction}}. The Monster was not inherently evil, but AllTheOtherReindeer made him so.
* FrankensteinsMonster: {{Trope Namer|s}}
* GraveRobbing: In most adaptations, how the parts to create the monster are obtained.
* HerrDoctor: Possibly the TropeCodifier. More the films than the novel; both because the films' version of Frankenstein is more Germanic, and because in the original novel he never got his doctorate - after the shock of seeing his creation realised, he switched to studying literature, then dropped his studies entirely to deal with the creature's vendetta against him.
* {{Hubris}}: One of the themes of the plot.
* IAmNotShazam: InUniverse:
** Lampshaded in the third Universal film, when the train bearing Frankenstein's family arrives in their hometown.
** Wolf Frankenstein: "Why, nine out of ten people call that misshapen creature of my father's experiments-"
** Guard: "Frankenstein Village."
* MadScientist: The Doc is the UrExample.
* OurZombiesAreDifferent: Type C.
* RobotMaster: Again, the Doc is the UrExample.
* ThenLetMeBeEvil
* TooDumbToLive: Vic runs away from his ''successful'' experiment in creating life because it's ugly. Then he destroys the Bride he was making for it, causing the Creature to go on a rampage. All the Creature wanted was some familial love, and then a female companion. C'mere, Vic... we need to slap some of the stupid out of you. In fairness, he destroyed the mate for fear that, unlike his first creation, it would be a monster in manner as well as looks.
** He's also worried that the two creations together could breed and create a race of monsters. Um... brilliant biologist and anatomist hasn't heard of tying tubes?
*** Tubal ligations and vasectomies weren't viable with humans until the late 1800s. [[ShareTheMalePain Castration]] would still be on the table...
** When the monster told Victor that he "would be with you on your wedding night" he took that to mean that the monster planned to kill him then, even though its ''modus operandi'' up to that point had been to target his loved ones. He prepares to confront the monster alone while leaving his new wife undefended; the monster kills her instead.
* UnbuiltTrope
* WhatMeasureIsANonHuman: The Creature.

!!! The Movies
* AgeLift: The Victor Frankenstein of the Creator/HammerHorror movies is an old, gray-haired MadScientist; the book's Victor Frankenstein is a 20-year-old college kid! That's one aspect that the Creator/UniversalHorror films got right.
* TheIgor: The TropeNamer and UrExample. The 1931 film's hunchbacked assistant was actually named Fritz, but ''Film/SonOfFrankenstein'' introduced Bel Lugosi's Ygor, and the rest is history.
* LightningCanDoAnything: Ironically, the book itself deliberately left the means by which Frankenstein reanimated the creature a mystery, but you'd be forgiven for not knowing that from the films, for which lightning is an iconic part of the process.
* NotEvenBotheringWithTheAccent: The film is supposed to be set in some country where German is spoken, but most of the cast hardly make an effort.
* {{Retcon}}: Both Frankenstein and his creation, are pretty clearly killed at the end of the 1931 film, but preview screenings proved so successful, that they changed the ending to allow for Vic--er, Henry's survival, and then implying that the monster, also survived the fire under the windmill. James Whale originally refused to direct the sequel, ''Bride of Frankenstein'', but eventually decided to [[MoneyDearBoy so he could make]] ''One More River.'' Knowing he could never top the original, he decided to make it [[{{Camp}} "a hoot."]]
* SillyWalk: A must for TheIgor, and, in the later films, the Monster too.
* TooGoodForThisSinfulEarth: Many film adaptations.
* {{Uberwald}}
* WorkingForABodyUpgrade: Several of the films make this TheIgor's motivation for employment.