A 2011 historical drama film made by Zhang Yimou, '''''The Flowers of War''''' (or ''Nanjing Heroes''/''13 Flowers of Nanjing'') is set in 1937 during [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the Rape of Nanjing]]. An American mortician, John Miller (Creator/ChristianBale), is caught in the conflict and seeks shelter at a church full of terrified Catholic school girls, as do a number of prostitutes who take up residence in the church's cellar.
At first simply wanting to be paid for the funeral he came to perform, Miller reluctantly pretends to be a priest in order to protect the girls, and to buy enough time for him to fix the church's broken truck so they can escape the city - although there isn't room in it for all of them ''and'' the prostitutes, who naturally want to get out of Nanjing as well. But, as the Japanese atrocities grow ever more terrible and the students are threatened, Yu Mo (the de facto leader of the prostitutes, played by Ni Ni) and her fellows take it upon themselves to save the girls from an awful fate.
!!This film provides examples of:
* BadHabits: Miller initially puts on the deceased priest's outfit as a drunken prank, but then begins to impersonate a man of the cloth in earnest to protect the schoolgirls from the Japanese.
* BetterToDieThanBeKilled: Shu and her friends try to throw themselves off the bell tower of the convent, rather than let the Japanese get their hands on them again. [[spoiler: And when the prostitutes and George are about to set off they arm themselves with sharp fragments of mirror, so they can commit suicide rather than be raped to death.]]
* BitterSweetEnding: [[spoiler:The women of the Qin Huai River and George are taken away by the Japanese. While their fate is left unclear, we know it was probably horrible. But Miller manages to get the girls out of Nanjing and to safety, so their sacrifice wasn't in vain.]]
* ChekhovsSkill: Miller uses his skills as a mortician to prepare Pu Sheng for burial, and later [[spoiler:to make the women - and George - look more like young girls, so as to deceive the guards.]]
* LesCollaborateurs: Shu's father, Mr. Meng, cooperates with the Japanese, and she despises him for it. He's portrayed sympathetically, though, as he helps Miller to repair the truck [[spoiler:and when he's killed, Miller tells Shu insistently that he was a good man and regrets there was no time to give him a proper burial.]]
* DeathByMaterialism: Two of the prostitutes leave the relative safety of the church compound to pick up some items at their old brothel. One wanted new strings for her pipa to play at Pu Sheng's funeral, which leaves her off the hook as far as this trope is concerned, but the other wanted to get her jewel earrings. [[spoiler:Neither survives.]]
* EarAche: [[spoiler:Dou]] bites off the ear of one of her captors as it is her only method of getting back at the Japanese soldiers who brutally sodomize her. Naturally, this does not end well, but she most likely would have been killed anyway.
* GoryDiscretionShot: Played straight with [[spoiler: Dou's]] death, but the rest of the movie averts this to demonstrate the horrors of the Nanking massacre.
* HeroicSacrifice: [[spoiler:George and the prostitutes take the places of the girls, [[FateWorseThanDeath fully aware of what's in store for them.]]]]
* HookerWithAHeartOfGold: Inverted at the start: when we first meet the women they embody the Chinese stereotype of prostitutes: "Prostitutes never care about a falling nation, they sing and dance while others are dying." They monopolize the cellar and refuse to let the girls hide there. Very soon, however, we're shown what's beneath the veneer; damaged, wounded young women who just want to survive. They take care of the wounded Pu Sheng and grieve when he dies, are repentant at essentially having caused the death of two of the girls, [[spoiler:and in the end they decide to play the trope straight and defy the stereotype, by taking the students' place.]]
* HotForPreacher: Shu develops an unspoken crush on Miller after he starts impersonating a priest. Yu Mo points it out to him.
* NonNaziSwastika: A party of volunteers from the Red Swastika, a Chinese humanitarian society, can be glimpsed in the streets of Nanjing.
* OfficerAndAGentleman: Colonel Hasegawa of the Imperial Japanese Army is a cultured officer who puts a stop to the slaughter at the convent by having guards posted outside. Appealing to his humanity only goes so far however, as John finds out. While Hasegawa is better than most Japanese soldiers and may even have personal misgivings about the way the war in China is being fought, his sense of duty compels him to carry out his orders to have the convent girls taken away to become sex slaves for his superiors.
* PuttingOnTheReich: A non-villainous example. Because the Nationalist regime's elite troops were trained and equipped by German advisors, they wore uniforms and used equipment similar to those of the Wehrmacht in the early years of the Second Sino-Japanese war.
* RapePillageAndBurn: On the part of the Japanese since the story takes place during the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanking_Massacre Nanking Massacre.]]
* RareGuns: One of the few pieces of media to actually depict Japanese soldiers using the relatively unknown Type 11 light machine gun, rather than the more iconic Type 96. Justified, as they were just introducing the new gun into the arsenal at the time the film is set in.
* SceneryGorn: Nanking, so very much so.
* SexyWalk: Done to an astounding, almost ludicrous effect by Mo. A very drunk John appreciates this immensely.
* TakingYouWithMe: Major Li booby-traps himself so that when the Japanese finish him off, his dead body falls off the building to trigger a massive bunch of hand grenades. It works, and he takes out a lot of troops with him.
* TooDumbToLive: Both [[spoiler: Dou and Lan]]. I mean really, running through bombed-out, Japanese-controlled Nanking just for earrings and pipa strings?
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: Or, in this interesting inversion, the white cat that Mosquito found.
* WholesomeCrossdresser: [[spoiler:George]].
* WouldHurtAChild: The Japanese definitely would. They try to rape the girls, and kill one of them by throwing her down the stairs.