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->''"To a new world of gods and monsters!"''
-->-- '''Dr. Pretorius'''

''Bride of Frankenstein'' is the 1935 sequel to the 1931 film ''Film/{{Frankenstein|1931}}''. It was directed by James Whale. It is widely considered to be the best of the old Franchise/UniversalHorror movies. Creator/BorisKarloff and Colin Clive reprise their roles as the monster and Dr. Henry Frankenstein, respectively, while Ernest Thesiger joins the proceedings as as Dr. Septimus Pretorius and Elsa Lanchester plays the eponymous Bride.

We begin in the home of Creator/LordByron, entertaining his friends Percy and Mary Shelley as a [[ItWasADarkAndStormyNight storm rages outside]]. At Byron's urging, Mary continues the story of Frankenstein, picking up about [[ImmediateSequel where the original film left off]].

Henry Frankenstein [[NoOneCouldHaveSurvivedThat just barely survives]] the collapsing windmill, but so does the [[NotQuiteDead monster]]. Shortly thereafter, Frankenstein receives a visit from his old mentor, [[CampGay Dr. Pretorius]], who wants to join forces and continue Frankenstein's experiments to create life. In one of the movie's most memorable scenes, Pretorius shows Frankenstein a series of little people in jars, including a [[OurMermaidsAreDifferent mermaid]], a ballerina and a little [[{{Satan}} devil]]. Pretorius can make people, but he can't get them up to normal size. Frankenstein, meanwhile, has created a giant. And so Pretorius proposes a plan: Frankenstein will provide the body, and Pretorius will provide the brain.

Meanwhile, the monster has several encounters with angry villagers and is eventually taken in by a kindly old blind hermit. The hermit teaches the monster to speak, and is the only friend he's ever had. Naturally, the villagers show up and drive the monster away, and he goes to a graveyard to find solitude among the dead. And whom should he happen to meet but [[ContrivedCoincidence Dr. Pretorius gathering parts for the new creature]]. Enticed by the possibility of having a friend, the monster forms an alliance with Pretorius.

Frankenstein, meanwhile, is getting cold feet about creating another monster. In a sequence reminiscent of the original novel, the creature and Pretorius kidnap [[IAmNotShazam Frankenstein's young bride, Elizabeth]], and threaten to kill her unless he makes the monster a mate. It all leads up to an explosive conclusion in Frankenstein's laboratory, where the new monster has finally been born.

One thing to note: Although the monster is childlike and [[WoobieDestroyerOfWorlds rather sympathetic]], he still kills people -- a ''lot'' of people. Film historians put the original death count at 21, but it was [[ExecutiveMeddling edited down to 10]] due to the [[UsefulNotes/TheHaysCode film content restrictions of the time]]. At one point the monster seems to break into an elderly couple's house and kill them [[ForTheEvulz just because]]. Like Film/KingKong's tendency to eat people, the monster's violent nature is often glossed over to facilitate a "[[HumansAreTheRealMonsters we are the REAL monsters]]" aesop.

The franchise was continued in ''Film/SonOfFrankenstein''.

The Bride of Frankenstein, despite her rather short screen time, has become a huge icon for classic horror movies and is one of the most commonly merchandised of the monsters of "Franchise/UniversalHorror".

This film helped to bring along the misconception that Doctor Frankenstein's monster was named "Frankenstein", though it's certainly not the first instance of this misconception. It can be seen in political and movie related cartoons dating back long before this movie.

A {{remake}} of ''The Bride of Frankenstein'' set in the Universal Film/DarkUniverse was scheduled for a 2019 release, but is currently in DevelopmentHell due to the poor performance of said movie universe's first film, ''Film/{{The Mummy|2017}}''.

!!This film provides examples of:

* AnimalReactionShot: The DullSurprise shot on an owl watching the monster drowning a man and his wife in the cavern below the windmill.
* AnswerCut: Elizabeth describes a vision of an evil apparition which will entangle Henry, and says she sees it drawing nearer — nearer —and the camera cuts to the [[MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate evil Dr]]. [[InadvertentEntranceCue Pretorius knocking at the door]].
* ArcWords: Continued from the first film, "Sit down."
* ArtifactTitle: In Shelley's novel, "Frankenstein" was the name of the scientist, and the monster was nameless. This was also the case in the 1931 film. This film, titled ''Bride of Frankenstein'' despite the fact that the Bride is meant for the monster and not the scientist, is arguably the reason that the monster came to be named "Frankenstein" in popular culture.
* AsYouKnow: Used a ''lot'' in the opening scene of Byron and the Shelleys. First Byron describes himself, Percy and his wife Mary in great deal to them, and then goes on to recap the first film's events.
* AttractiveZombie: The Bride is meant to be conventionally attractive, as she was built by the Doctor to be a suitable wife for his earlier creation. Just like her mate, she's assembled from stolen corpses.
* AxeBeforeEntering: After the Monster is chained up in Goldstadt's jail, he is quick to [[BreakingTheBonds break his bonds]] and rip two doors off that stand in his way to freedom.
* BeehiveHairdo: The Bride famously sports one of these, which also has two {{Skunk Stripe}}s on its sides.
* BigBad: Dr. Pretorius, whose need to [[CreatingLife create life]] in new ways drives the plot.
* BlatantLies: Karl's "It was a ... Police case."
* BlindAndTheBeast: After the Monster escapes from jail, he comes across a hut with violin music coming out of it. Inside it, he meets an old blind hermit, who welcomes him soothe his own loneliness. The film is possibly the trope maker.
* {{Bookends}}: The film opens with Creator/MaryShelley, played by Elsa Lanchester, [[FramingDevice telling the story of Frankenstein]]. As she begins relating the sequel, she spreads her arms wide... and at the end of the film, the Bride of Frankenstein, also played by Lanchester, makes the same gesture.
* CallBack: Clive repeats his legendary "It's alive!" line (this time amended to "She's alive!").
* CampGay / DepravedHomosexual: Dr. Pretorius, although with UsefulNotes/TheHaysCode in effect by this point it's naturally [[AmbiguouslyGay not stated outright]]. James Whale (who was gay himself) reportedly told Ernest Thesiger to play him "like an over-the-top caricature of a bitchy and aging homosexual".
* CardboardPrison: The town's prison was not built to withstand the forces of the Monster and hence he has little problems to remove himself from it.
* CassandraTruth: After witnessing the monster's return, Minnie attempts to tell about it to one person but is just scoffed at. She then decides to shut up about it.
* CatchPhrase: Dr. Pretorius tells about every vice that he has that "[[BlatantLies It's my only weakness.]]"
* CollapsingLair: The fate of Pretorius' tower at the end. Henry and Elizabeth escape JustInTime.
* CreatingLife: A running theme through the Frankenstein franchise. Here it's Dr. Pretorius seeking to be a creator of life.
* CrucifiedHeroShot: When the villagers have caught and tied up the Monster on to a pole, they momentarily raise him up, creating this effect.
* CutLexLuthorACheck: Dr. Pretorius could have become famous for his telephone-like invention. [[AGodAmI That is, if he cared about money at all, rather than playing God]].
* CuteMonsterGirl: Never in her career did Elsa Lanchester look so good.
* DenserAndWackier: ''Bride of Frankenstein'' might very well be the first self-aware horror film, and while it's still a dark film with deep themes and genuine terror, it also contains a fair amount of BlackComedy. This was a huge change of pace from the original ''Film/{{Frankenstein|1931}}'', which was straight horror. Director James Whale purposefully wanted to give the sequel a different tone to stand on its own.
* DespairEventHorizon: The Monster, after seeing his would-be mate's horrified reaction to him and realizing that no-one will ever love him, decides to destroy himself along with the Bride and Pretorius. ("We belong dead.")
* FingerTwitchingRevival: At the beginning, Henry is diagnoses dead by the villagers after the explosion, so they take his body home and place it on a table. Soon after, the maid cries out when his hand starts moving, then he comes to. Of course, as one of the main characters he had to have PlotArmor.
* FramingDevice: In form of a prologue. The main story is told by Mary to her two friends during a [[ItWasADarkAndStormyNight dark and stormy night]].[[note]]An epilogue was filmed but [[ForgottenFramingDevice later cut from the final film]].[[/note]]
* GraveRobbing: Dr. Pretorius has his henchmen Ludwig and Karl dig up bodies for his and Henry's upcoming collabration.
* HaveAGayOldTime: Minnie describes Dr. Pretorius as "a queer fellow". Which ''may'' have been deliberate -- see CampGay, above.
* HeelRealization: While not outright stated, the Monster only decides to let Frankenstein and Elizabeth go and kill Pretorius when he sees how much Elizabeth loves Frankenstein, who he'd previously helped Pretorius separate.
* HeWentThatWay: One of the villagers uses this phrase, unintentionally misdirecting the mob to look elsewhere while the monster is hiding in a crypt at the cemetery.
* HostileWeather: Storm rages outside in the prologue, much to Creator/LordByron's joy.
-->'''Byron:''' How beautifully dramatic!
* {{Hulkspeak}}: How the Monster talks once the blind hermit [[SuddenlyVoiced teaches him to speak]].[[note]]James Whale and the studio psychiatrist selected 44 simple words for the Monster's vocabulary by looking at test papers of [[CastTheExpert ten-year olds working at the studio]].[[/note]]
* HystericalWoman: Minnie is quick to [[ScreamingWoman scream]] and flail at surprising things.
* IHaveYourWife: The Monster, on Dr. Pretorius' orders, kidnaps Elizabeth so that her husband will co-operate in making a bride for him.
* ImmediateSequel: ''Bride'' picks up right where the original ''Film/{{Frankenstein|1931}}'' leaves off.
* ImmuneToBullets: Villagers and policemen try to stop the Monster with bullets, to no avail.
* InadvertentEntranceCue: Elizabeth describes a vision of an evil apparition which will entangle Henry, and says she sees it drawing nearer -- nearer -- and the camera immediately [[AnswerCut cuts]] to the [[MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate evil Dr. Pretorius]] knocking at the door.
* InfantImmortality: Averted ''again''. Once the Monster escape from the jail, its victims are soon discovered around town, which includes a little girl.
* InstantSedation: When the Monster's pestering of Henry to finish his work proves to be a nuisance, Dr. Pretorius lures him aside with a promise of booze, and puts a sedative into a glass that presents to him. Once the Monster finishes his drink, it knock him off of his feet.
* InventionalWisdom: At the end of the film, the enraged Monster is rampaging through the lab. As he approaches a very large wooden lever Dr. Pretorius shouts, "Don't touch that lever! You'll blow us all to atoms!" The question must be asked: if you were collecting all the supplies and fixtures you'd need to build your super high-tech lab, how far down the list would "a lever that will blow us all to atoms" be?
* ItsGoingDown: The Monster flips a lever that destroys the tower housing the laboratory at the end.
* ItWasADarkAndStormyNight: The prologue opens this way.
* LeaningOnTheFourthWall: The final note of the musical score, played just as the laboratory explodes, is a very powerful dissonant chord, made to be so loud that it would slightly shake the seats in the movie theater. Whale came up with this idea, and meant for it to suggest that the explosion was so massive that it even affected the real world. This element is, unfortunately, mostly lost when watching it on home video.
* LightningCanDoAnything: Dr. Frankenstein has kites raised up in the air once a lightning starts to rage outside the tower. The bride is given life after one lightning bolt hits them.
* MadScientist: Dr. Pretorius, who is revealed to have been TheManBehindTheMan to Dr. Frankenstein.
* ManipulativeBastard: Pretorius to both Frankenstein and his Monster, in order to get life created.
* ManlyTears: The Monster sheds a SingleTear right before he pulls the lever.
%%* MixAndMatchMan
%%* MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate: Dr. Pretorius.
* NeverTrustATrailer: The original trailer promises "a lifetime of entertainment in two hours". The final edit ran 75 minutes.
* NoOneCouldSurviveThat: The concerned woman in the beginning to her husband "Come home, Hans. Nothing could be left alive in that furnace.". [[spoiler:Then both end up being killed by The Monster.]]
* NoOSHACompliance: The lab's SelfDestructMechanism seems poorly secured.[[note]][[FridgeBrilliance Then again]], one could imagine it was installed to destroy evidence of his incriminating activities quickly, should the locals come with TorchesAndPitchforks (as they tend to do). Pretorius probably had a SecretUndergroundPassage, and would tell one of his henchmen to pull the switch at a designated time to initiate the tower's "defense mechanism".[[/note]]
* NotNamedInOpeningCredits: Elsa Lanchester never receives on screen credit as "The Bride". The character is listed as being played by "?".
* NotQuiteDead:
** The Monster is thought to have died within the burning windmill, but he simply fell through to a cavern below.
** Also Henry, dying his DisneyDeath.
* OhCrap: Henry's reaction when he learns that the heart of a "young victim of sudden death" as he requested Karl to get was "A very fresh one" and a "police case".
* OurHomunculiAreDifferent: Dr. Pretorius' little people (with different personalities) [[PeopleJars in jars]]. They aren't called homunculi, but are obviously supposed to be.
* PeopleJars: Dr. Pretorius shows off his work in creating life-- [[OurHomunculiAreDifferent little people]] (and [[OurMermaidsAreDifferent a mermaid]]-- "an experiment with seaweed") -- in jars.
%%* PluckyComicRelief: Minnie.
* PreviouslyOn: Lord Byron brilliantly recaps the previous film's events as being the story that Mary Shelley wrote. Considering they mention that the novel hasn't even been published yet, this may make Byron something of a naive psychic.
* PsychopathicManchild: The monster, due to him possessing the brain of a criminal. He murders several people but doesn't do it for any particular reason until the end when he kills Pretorius. He just doesn't understand his own actions or the world around him until he's taught some very basic ethics by the hermit.
* RageAgainstTheReflection: After seeing his reflection on water, the monster splashes it angrily.
* RecycledSoundtrack: The musical soundtrack for this film proved so popular, it was used again in the Flash Gordon and Buck Rogers serials starring Buster Crabbe.
* RedemptionEqualsDeath: The monster, [[JokerImmunity but not]] [[Film/SonOfFrankenstein really]].
* RevisedEnding: The well-known goof of Henry being present as the tower explodes was a simple matter of studio interference and budget constraints. As originally shot, Henry was to die at the end along with Pretorius, the monster, and the bride. But Universal demanded a happy ending, so Whale reshot the ending to show Henry escaping with Elizabeth. Notice that the contradictory scene where Henry is briefly seen is the one with the explosions and pyrotechnics going off. This was an expensive scene to shoot, and Whale wasn't given an adequate budget to reshoot it, so the original shot was retained.
* RunningGag: Dr. Pretorius has a habit of referring to things as "my only weakness": gin, cigars, etc.
* ScienceIsBad: Partially subverted. The reformed Dr. Frankenstein is forced by evil MadScientist Dr. Pretorius to return to his old ways. The twist: Early on, Pretorius shows us his collection of tiny humans in glass jars, practically announcing that he's Mephistopheles by having one be a devil and saying "There's a certain resemblance to me, don't you think? Or do I flatter myself?" To this, Frankenstein replies, horrified, "This isn't science!" Here, sane Science Is Good, and has standards, but Black Magic Is Bad.
** Though Pretorious' creations seem harmless enough (if a bit lecherous in the case of the king), and the brain he creates for the Bride is far less aggressive than the one the monster got. It's really the unscrupulous acts he's willing to perform to achieve his goals (including blackmail, kidnapping, and murder) that are evil, not the science itself.
* SecondaryCharacterTitle: The Bride is only in the movie for the final five minutes.
* SelfDestructMechanism: Pretorius' tower [[CollapsingLair comes down]] in a [[ChainReactionDestruction series of explosions]] when the Monster pulls a certain lever. Its actual purpose is never told.
* ShadowArchetype: Dr. Pretorius is what Dr. Frankenstein would have become if he'd completely given in to the ForScience-method of thinking.
* SkunkStripe: The Bride's hair features these.
%%* SmugSnake: Pretorius all the way.
* StockFootage: Footage from the first film is shown while Lord Byron is remembering the story.
* AStormIsComing: Conveniently, a storm is rising up when one was needed to provide power for the creation of the Bride.
* SuddenlyVoiced: The Monster learns to speak, although this is dropped for subsequent films.
* TakingYouWithMe: The Monster decides that he, his bride and Dr. Pretorius are better off dead, and after letting Henry and Elizabeth go, pulls the lever that destroys the tower.
-->'''The Monster:''' We belong dead.
* TemptingFate: On several occasions:
** After the town people have captured and imprisoned the Monster, the town major downplays the situation to concerned citizens by saying "Go to your homes. Just an escaped lunatic. Quite harmless." Cue the Monster bolting through the prison gate onto the street. Everybody panics.
** A similar situation at the Gypsy camp. The father assures everybody that the Monster is safe in jail, when suddenly the Monster stumbles into the camp.
** When Minnie voices her concerns about leaving Elizabeth alone in her room, latter assures her that everything will be fine. Cue the Monster entering through the window.
* TitleDrop: After the bride is unraveled from her shrouds, Dr. Pretorius proudly declares "The Bride of Frankenstein!"
* TorchesAndPitchforks: Once the villagers learn that the Monster lives, Burgomaster quickly organizes a hunting party to capture him.
* TorturedMonster: The Monster. He blows himself, his Bride, and Dr. Pretorious to smithereens with the comment, "We belong dead."
* {{Uberwald}}: As with the original, this film is set in some quasi-Victorian, Middle European never-never-land, not quite Germany, not quite Transylvania, not quite anywhere else between France and Russia.
* UglyGuyHotWife: The Monster's supposed wife was crafted with much more sophisticated methods, making her seem less a corpse than her husband-to-be.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: We never hear again from the blind man who was ushered away from his burning hut.
* WoobieDestroyerOfWorlds: The Monster, who is by turns sympathetic and pointlessly cruel.
* WorldOfHam: Lord Byron from the prologue, as well as Henry, Dr. Pretorius, Karl and Minnie are playing for LargeHam.
* TheXOfY: The X being "Bride" and Y being "Frankenstein".
* YouNoTakeCandle: The Monster speaks this way.