[[quoteright:240:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/WolfgangAmadeusMozart.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:240:[[AnnoyingLaugh Ha Ha Ha Ha Ha Ha HAHA]]!!!]]

->''[[RockMeAmadeus Rock me, Amadeus!]]''

'''Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart''' (January 27, 1756 -- December 5, 1791) was a composer of ClassicalMusic, whose works are considered the pinnacle of the era. Along with Music/JohannSebastianBach, [[Music/LudwigVanBeethoven Beethoven]], Music/JohannesBrahms and Music/RichardWagner, is probably one of the best known composers of classical music. Birth Name: [[AwesomeMcCoolname Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart]].[[note]]'Amadeus' is Latin and 'Theophilus' is Greek for Gottlieb, 'beloved of God'.[[/note]]

Mozart's talent [[ChildProdigy became evident at an early age]], and he was on the road as a touring musician by the age of six. He spent time living and composing in various European cities, always seeking patronage but not always finding it, and generally spending more money than he actually had (which is saying something, because he actually made a fair amount). He died at the young age of 35, survived by his wife Constanze and two children. Basically, anything Music/MichaelJackson did, Mozart did first, up to and including the ManChild bit.

Mozart's works are known for their perfection of form and clarity, although they could also be quite fiery and emotional at times. In the public mind, his ''[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qb_jQBgzU-I Eine Kleine Nachtmusik]]'' IS classical music, as measured in "number of people who have it as their ringtone." Allegedly, Mozart was once able to smuggle state secrets out of the Vatican, in the form of Gregorio Allegri's ''[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fcWo1hKHu40 Miserere (Psalm 51)]]'' which, at the time, was by order of the Pope not performed ''anywhere'' except the Sistine Chapel. ...Until Mozart heard it, carried it out in his head, and transcribed it almost perfectly from memory. Finally, he is famed for his [[{{Opera}} operas]], including ''Theatre/TheMagicFlute'', which is frequently referred to in other texts, including an inevitable parody on ''TheSimpsons''.

Mozart was very fond of ToiletHumor, and even wrote a canon titled "Leck mich im Arsch", which translates as "Lick me in the arse" (or, perhaps more idiomatically, "kiss my arse"). Supposedly, he was also still playing with toy soldiers well into his thirties (mind you, this was ''long'' before [[TabletopGames tabletop]] WarGaming was a thing)[[note]] although it was commonly used by actual battle tacticians[[/note]] and he died at 35. During those years he composed ''well over six hundred'' separate pieces. [[note]]The first "definitive" catalogue of Mozart's work, compiled by Ludwig von Köchel, put the exact number at 626. Since then, new works have been found while some works in Köchel's catalogue have been re-attributed to other composers. Moreover, as a non-negligible fraction of Mozart's work was lost before it could be published, the exact number will likely forever be a mystery.[[/note]]

Mozart's last days were fictionalised in the PeterShaffer play and 1984 film ''{{Amadeus}}''. It is worth noting, however, that due to a mix of ArtisticLicense and RuleOfDrama ''Amadeus'' is very much not an accurate portrayal of the composer's life. In particular, many object to the depiction of his "rivalry" with Salieri, which in reality was more of a guarded but respectful co-existence; Mozart privately resented the fact that, because in those days it was cool for musicians to be Italian, Salieri, being Italian, got more respect from the court than he himself did, but the two men seem to have been on reasonably friendly terms, and there's no evidence to support the idea that Salieri was violently jealous of Mozart's talent.[[note]]According to some accounts, Salieri was one of the few mourners present at Mozart's burial.[[/note]] The story of the rivalry was made up wholesale by Alexandr Pushkin in his 1830 play ''Mozart i Salyeri''--written just 5 years after the death of Salieri. For what it's worth, the movie did get a few things completely right: by all accounts, Mozart's laugh was supposed to be [[AnnoyingLaugh just as annoying as it was on screen]], and (again) he was just as much of a boorish man-child as portrayed in the film. Adding to the mystique is the fact that Mozart was composing a [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S2Ur-FosFvo Requiem funeral mass]] at the time of his death, with some legends claiming that he passed away while attempting to scribble down the 9th measure of the ''[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JE2muDZksP4 Lacrimosa]]'' (0:53 in this recording). Constanze chose a student of his, Franz Xaver Sussmayr [sic], to step in and [[AuthorExistenceFailure finish what Mozart started]], and people are still arguing over how much of the work is Mozart's, Sussmayr's or a third party's, and whether Mozart would have agreed with the completed work. A few ambitious composers have even provided their own completions. Sussmayr's is by far the most famous, though, due to the simple expedient of having got there first. (It's his version you've heard movements of in movies, as it provides several {{Standard Snippet}}s and much of the OminousLatinChanting in the PublicDomainSoundtrack catalogue, the most famous being the "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pqaARDsiJv4 Dies Irae]]" sequence.)

Mozart is one of the cultural bones of contention between Austrians and Germans, each regarding him as one of their own. Mozart was born in Salzburg, which is now part of Austria, but then was a state of its own in the HolyRomanEmpire. The Mozart family is from Swabia, Mozart's father specifically from Augsburg (now in Bavaria) and he ensured that his son held citizenship of that Free City. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart mostly worked in Salzburg and Vienna, but also in other cities such as Mannheim and Munich, and toured all over Europe. Apparently he particularly liked Prague, as the audience there was the most enthusiastic about his operas.

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!!Works of Mozart on this wiki include:
* ''CosiFanTutte''
* ''DonGiovanni''
* ''Theatre/TheMagicFlute''
* ''Theatre/TheMarriageOfFigaro''

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!!Mozart's life and music provide examples of:

* AintTooProudToBeg: He sent repeated letters begging his friend Michael von Puchberg, asking for various amounts of money when times were bad for him. To his credit, Puchberg did give him money whenever he asked and was paid back in full after Mozart died by his wife, Constanze.
* AllLoveIsUnrequited: For MarieAntoinette. Not to mention Aloysia Weber, later his sister-in-law.
* AnnoyingLaugh: That hyena-like cackle that actor Tom Hulce adopted when portraying Mozart in the film ''{{Amadeus}}''? Yeah, that was based on the composer's actual laugh. His friends stated that Mozart's laugh was like "grating a cobblestone down a piano's string".
* AuthorExistenceFailure: Mozart died in December 1791 at the young age of thirty five. This left several pieces incomplete or in fragment form.
** At the time of his death, the ''Requiem'' (K. 626) was only fully orchestrated in the first movement, 'Requiem aeternam'. The 'Kyrie eleison', the 'Sequentia' ('Dies irae', 'Tuba mirum', 'Rex tremendae', 'Recordarde' 'Confutatis', 'Lacrymosa') and 'Offertorium' ('Domine Jesu', 'Hostias') only had the SATB voices, the cello/contrabass/figured bass organ and certain musically important segments (eg, the violin part in 'Dies irae' or the tenor trombone in 'Tuba mirum') written out as a sketch. In fact, 'Lacrymosa' was only eight bars completed.
*** Mozart's widow Constanze first asked Joseph von Eybler, a fellow composer, to step in and try and complete the missing orchestration and movements but he was daunted by the task and only attempt a little bit before handing over the incomplete score to Franz Xaver Süssmayr, who had been Mozart's pupil. Süssmayr is the person who wrote the other remaining movements and who filled in the orchestration. It is his completion which people hear most commonly nowadays, although others have tried to rewrite/alter it to fit what they think is more 'Mozartian'.
** For unknown reasons, Mozart never finished his ''Great Mass in C minor'' (K. 427) from 1783, leaving the 'Credo' and 'Sanctus' incomplete orchestrally and vocally. As with the ''Requiem'' other music scholars have attempted to fill these parts in.
* AwesomeMcCoolname: Wolfgang may sound pretty awesome to English speakers, but it's a quite common name among older Germans.
* BagsOfLetters: The whole Mozart family were prolific letter writers, with modern collected editions spanning several volumes, in which they talked about ''everything.'' Naturally, Mozart's biographers are very pleased about this.
* BassoProfundo: Osmin from ''The Abduction from the Seraglio''.
* BrotherhoodOfFunnyHats: Mozart was a freemason, which led to conspiracy theories such as the one which has him murdered by the freemasons for divulging their secrets in ''The Magic Flute''. Mozart wrote songs for masonic ceremonies; the melody of one of them, ''Brüder, reicht die Hand zum Bunde'' later became that of the national anthem of the Federal Republic of Austria.
* BunnyEarsLawyer
* ChildProdigy: Mozart is famous for starting the piano at age 3, composing at 5, and writing his first symphony at 8. [[note]]While they aren't on the level of his later masterpieces, it's also probably fair to observe that they're better than [[LetsSeeYouDoBetter the symphonies YOU were composing at age 8.]][[/note]]
* ClownCarGrave: Despite the fact that Mozart was quite wealthy at the time of his death, at that point in Vienna, only aristocrats were buried individually in a crypt. Everyone else had to make do with being buried in a common mass grave. Debate still rages as to whether this, that, or the other exhumed skull was Mozart's.
* CommonTime: Unsurprisingly for his time, most of his music is in either 4/4, 3/4 (usually if it's a minuet) or 6/8. One surprising aversion is the last thing he probably ever wrote, the 'Lacrimosa' from his ''Requiem'', which is in 12/8.
* CreepyChild: As a kid he was unusually small, thin, deathly pale, and behaved in a very serious and adult manner, intimidating many adults. [[note]]The Royal Society tested whether he was a kid or a dwarf by having him perform to them. They confirmed that Mozart indeed was a child when a cat [[AttentionDeficitOohShiny distracted him mid-performance.]][[/note]]
* EmbarrassingNickname: Not for him, but he used to affectionately call his sister Nannerl "horse face".
* EpicInstrumentalOpener: The aria "Martern Aller Arten" from ''The Abduction from the Seraglio'' has almost two ''minutes'' of fanfare and concertante-style orchestral solos before Konstanze starts singing.
* ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: Go ahead, guess the plot of ''The Abduction from the Seraglio.'' [[spoiler: The female lead is trapped in a seraglio. She has to be abducted from it.]] You guessed it!
* ExcrementStatement: Of Salzburg and the Archbishop of it, he once wrote to his father "I care very little for [them]: I shit on both of them".
* FieryRedhead: You'll never see it in his portraits, but under the powdered wigs, he apparently had light red hair. Go to the right museum and you can even see a lock of it for yourself.
* IHaveManyNames: Baptised ''Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgang Theophilus Mozart''. Went by ''Wolfgang Amadè Mozart'' in France, ''Wolfgang Gottlieb Mozart'' in Germany and ''Wolfgango Amadeo Mozart'' in Italy. He seemed to prefer Amadè, and "Amadeus" only became popular after his death. For details see TheOtherWiki, which has an [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozart%27s_name article]] only for his name.
* ImpossibleGenius: If the 1984 film ''Amadeus'' were to be believed, Mozart did all of his composing in his head and simply wrote down what he had already completed mentally. Except, he ''didn't''. Mozart, much like any other normal composer would, worked his musical ideas out on the keyboard, made sketches of his pieces and went back and revised them frequently. The superhuman abilities that have been ascribed to him are myth and only started many years after he had died.
* {{Improv}}: He was a gifted improviser, so much so that when he wrote the scores for his piano concertos, he often didn't bother writing out the cadenzas, preferring to make them up on the spot (as he usually gave their first performance).
* InsufferableGenius: Would often start conversations with himself as he believed he was more interesting than the people around him.
* LastNoteNightmare: The last three bars of "A Musical Joke" are in a polytonal jumble of five different keys.
* KissingCousins: He is rumoured to have had a sexual relationship with his cousin, Maria Anna Thekla Mozart (or "Bäsle" as her nickname was). Given the amount of letters he sent her with toilet humour and sexual humour, it is probably true.
* LiteralAssKicking: Reportedly, he got one from Archbishop Colloredo while being fired.
* LonelyPianoPiece: Applies to any minor movement of his piano sonatas, really.
** The second movement of his Piano Concerto No 23 in A. Especially the opening solo part (in F# minor, the only time Mozart used this key).
* MeaningfulName: ''Amadeus'' means "God's beloved". It is a [[AltumVidetur Latinization]] of the ''Theophilus'' in his birth name. During his time, it was considered fashionable to use a Latin version of one's name. Mozart also used ''Gottlieb'', a German version of the name, alluding to his German heritage.
* MelismaticVocals: Mozart was very fond of melismatic lines (or 'coloratura', to use its technical name) in his operas, usually given to the soprano but on occasion to the tenor (eg the [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NVatQ2eAv98 original version of 'Fuor del Mar']] in ''Idomeneo, Re di Creta'') or bass (''The Abduction from the Seraglio''). The more famous examples include:
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DvuKxL4LOqc "Der Hölle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen"]] and [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7EUOmdxo2jE "O zittre nicht, mein lieber Sohn"]] from ''Theatre/TheMagicFlute''.
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DwQYXRRkvFk "Martern aller Arten"]] from ''The Abduction from the Seraglio'' -- described by Salieri in ''{{Theatre/Amadeus}}'' as "ten minutes of ghastly scales and arpeggios, whizzing up and down like fireworks at a fairground".
* MusicOfNote: Damn near all of it. If you don't know Mozart, you don't know ClassicalMusic.
* ObligatoryBondageSong: The aria "Batti, Batti, o bel Masetto" from ''Theatre/DonGiovanni'' translates as, "Beat me, dear Masetto, / Beat your poor Zerlina. / I'll stand here meek as a lamb / And bear the blows you lay on me...." Though {{subverted}} as well, when he refuses and she takes that as proof that he really loves her after all.
* OddFriendship: That the loud, brash, partyloving manchild Mozart would get along with a quiet nature-loving family man like JosephHaydn seems fairly unlikely, but the two were friends and showed a great deal of admiration for the others' work.
* OminousLatinChanting: Any of his religious choral works, but especially the ''Requiem''.
* OverlyLongName: '''Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart''', repeated three times in this page. Let's deconstruct:
** Johannes Chrysostomus: from St. John Chrysostom ("golden mouth"). Mozart was born on his feast day, January 27. Back then it was custom to name newborns from the saint who celebrates a feast day on his date of birth.
** Wolfgang: named from his musician Grandpa, who isn't much of a genius like him, though.
** Theophilus: meaning "God's beloved." It is often Latinized into Amadeus and occasionally translated into the German ''Gottlieb''.
** Mozart: Could be considered to mean "DumbMuscle." An ancestor of Mozart was apparently an idiot and got nicknamed "Motz," with the connotation of "fool" or "dirt for brains." Faced with inheriting an embarrassing surname, the fool's descendants classed it up by adding the suffix "-hart," which means "hard" or "tough." Hundreds of years worth of spelling variations resulted in "Mozart." Others have speculated that it's a place-name that became a surname.
* RaisedCatholic: And he was for the rest of his life, too. He was so Catholic that when {{Creator/Voltaire}} died, he wrote to his father that "... the ungodly arch-villain Voltaire [[AndThereWasMuchRejoicing has died miserably like a dog]] — just like a brute. That is his reward!"
* SettleForSibling: He originally wanted to marry Aloysia Weber, but she declined. He married her sister Constanze, instead, and the marriage was apparently successful.
* ShortLivedBigImpact: He died at just 35, yet produced much of the most highly-regarded classical music in history.
* SmugSuper: "A fellow of mediocre talent will remain a mediocrity, whether he travels or not; but one of superior talent (''which without impiety I cannot deny that I possess'') will go to seed if he always remains in the same place."
* SophisticatedAsHell: Envision an ensemble of dignified classical musicians (preferably in powdered wigs) singing the canon "Leck mich in Arsch" (K. 231), meaning roughly "Lick me in the ass," and meaning more or less "Kiss my ass." This was a quote made famous by Creator/JohannWolfgangVonGoethe in ''Theatre/GotzVonBerlichingen''.
* StageDad: Leopold Mozart makes this trope OlderThanRadio.
* StandardSnippet: He's responsible for a ''lot'' of them. See also PublicDomainSoundtrack. Notably:
** "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yomi0-WL5Pg Alla Turca]]", the finale of his Piano Sonata No.11 in A major.
** "[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8MQf-86ikvM Dies Irae]]" from the ''Requiem'' -- a favorite source of OminousLatinChanting.
** ''[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKhH2hRa-WQ Eine Kleine Nachtmusik]]'', possibly ''the'' most famous melody in all of ClassicalMusic.[[note]] With the possible exception of the first movement of the fifth symphony or the finale of the ninth symphony of Music/LudwigVanBeethoven.[[/note]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JcUh-ggBfzI Piano Sonata No. 16]], AKA "Sonata facile", a popular piece with young piano students.
* StuffyOldSongsAboutTheButtocks: Possibly the [[UrExample first use]] of it, though his song,"Leck mich im arsch," [[UnbuiltTrope lacks]] many properties of other buttocks songs.
* StylisticSuck: ''Ein musikalischer Spaß'' (K. 522). A first movement whose melodic ideas have, for the time, uneven lengths and never seem to really go anywhere, a second movement in which the horns deliberately play wrong notes as though they have the wrong crooks, a third movement in which the first violin deliberately plays wrong notes very high in its register in the cadenza to parody untalented violinists [[VocalRangeExceeded overextending their reach]], and a finale that runs out of ideas early on but keeps going anyway and then collapses in a cacophonous mess in its final measures as the four string instruments play in four different keys at once.[[note]] Melodic ideas that are seven measures long instead of an even number or passages written in more than one key simultaneously have since become more common, but at the time, they were very much part of the joke.[[/note]]
* TakeThat: Reportedly, when Aloysia Weber turned down his marriage proposal at a party, the disgruntled Mozart walked over to a nearby piano and proceeded to entertain the guests with the folk song "''Leck mich das Mensch im Arsch, das mich nicht will''" (roughly: "Anyone who doesn't like me can kiss my ass").
* TenorBoy: Mozart himself was a tenor, but most of his main male roles were 'basses' (actually what we'd call a 'baritone' nowadays), the only exceptions being comical male characters.
* ThemeAndVariations: Mozart loved this genre of music and he wrote several variations. They were mostly for solo keyboard and were either his own original themes or taken from other composers or tunes of the day -- the most famous being [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fS7yiD6cz8A K. 265]], the variations on "Ah, vous dirai-je, Maman" -- "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star" to the rest of us. He did occasionally write variations for bigger ensembles e.g. his [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pXnz5YgeSiA Clarinet Quintet, K. 581]].
* ToiletHumor: TheOtherWiki devotes an entire article to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozart_and_scatology Mozart And Scatology]], thanks to the abundance of scatological references in his letters and even his music (see "Leck Mich In Arsch," mentioned elsewhere on the page.) Some scholars, embarrassed by such humor (which is generally [[ValuesDissonance less socially acceptable now than it was in 18th-century Europe]]), have theorized that he may have had a mental condition such as HollywoodTourettes. But the typical consensus is he just liked potty jokes.
* VocalRangeExceeded: Parodied in his composition "A Musical Joke" not with vocals, but the violin. At the end of the violin solo near the end of the 3rd movement, the soloist plays ascending scales, slowing down and playing a whole-tone scale at the higher registers. This was to imitate a clumsy violinist floundering with high notes. The solo can be heard [[http://youtu.be/wFPoRmsiFzc?t=14m52s here]]. The ascending scale happens at 15:30.
* YouAreNumberSix: As most of Mozart's works lack a proper title (beyond "Sonata in B-flat major" or the like), musicologist Ludwig von Köchel went through them in the 1860s and systematically assigned numbers to ''every single piece of music Mozart ever wrote'', numbering them in roughly the order he thought they were written.[[note]]Cataloguing the works of composers was and is standard practice for musicologists. Otto Erich Deutsch did the same thing for Schubert in the mid-20th century, which is why Schubert's pieces have "D" numbers; Anthony van Hoboken did it for Haydn, so Haydn's works have "Hob" numbers, etc.[[/note]] Theatre/TheMarriageOfFigaro, for example, is K. 492. These Köchel numbers range from K. 1 all the way out to ''K. 626''. In the original German, the abbreviation used is "KV" for ''Köchelverzeichnis'' "Köchel register".

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