->''"If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue''
->''Or walk with kings, nor lose the common touch''
->''If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you''
->''If all men count with you, but none too much''
->''If you can fill the unforgiving minute''
->''With sixty seconds worth of distance run''
->''Yours is the Earth, and everything that's in it''
->''And, which is more, you'll be a man, my son."''

Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936) was an English writer and Nobel prize winner, born in [[UsefulNotes/{{Mumbai}} Bombay]], UsefulNotes/{{India}}, during UsefulNotes/TheRaj.

Many of Kipling's works, including ''Literature/TheJungleBook'', are set in British India, and popularised most of the associated tropes. His other works include some early ScienceFiction, while his literary style, particularly indirect exposition, was a significant influence on Campbell, Creator/BertoltBrecht and Creator/RobertAHeinlein. He was a favourite of Creator/HenryJames, Creator/TSEliot, Creator/JorgeLuisBorges, Creator/NeilGaiman and others. Even Creator/SalmanRushdie while disagreeing ''entirely'' with his politics, his viewpoints, and values, agrees that Kipling's works, biased as it is, does capture a sense of an authentic India, which despite his imperial viewpoint, he did get right to an extent.

And what is more, Kipling was an innovator in the short story form, a prolific author of many stories and tales, and avoiding SturgeonsLaw for a good number of them. In PopCulturalOsmosis, Kipling is best known as the creator of Mowgli, star of ''Literature/TheJungleBook'', popularized and immortalized by its [[Disney/TheJungleBook cartoon]] and [[Film/TheJungleBook2016 live-action adaptations]].

'''Kipling's stories include:'''

* ''Literature/TheManWhoWouldBeKing''
* ''Literature/TheJungleBook'', introduced Mowgli
* ''Literature/CaptainsCourageous''
* ''Literature/StalkyAndCo''
* ''Literature/{{Kim}}'', novel capping Kipling's India stories.
* ''Literature/PuckOfPooksHill'' and the sequel, ''Rewards and Fairies''.
* "With the Night Mail" and "As Easy as ABC," SF involving {{Cool Airship}}s run by the [[FunWithAcronyms Aerial Board of Control]].
* The ''Literature/JustSoStories'', tales written for his children based on Eastern and African myths and folktales.

'''Poems include:'''

* "The White Man's Burden"
* "If--" ("If you can keep your head when all about you / Are losing theirs and blaming it on you" -- one of his most famous poems, much quoted. A portion of the poem can be seen by players entering Centre Court at UsefulNotes/{{Wimbledon}}.)
* "My Boy Jack"
* "The Female Of The Species"
* "The Thousandth Man"
* "Recessional"
* "Literature/TheThreeDecker"
* "Gunga Din" (from ''The Barrack-Room Ballads'')
* "The Ballad of East and West" ("East is East and West is West, and never the twain shall meet...")

He lost a son in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI and was responsible for choosing two of the common phrases associated with Remembrance in the UK: "Their Name Liveth For Evermore" and "Known Unto God" (on the graves of Unknown Soldiers). And... referred to it in DoubleEntendre of all ways:
---> If any question why we died,
---> Tell them, because our fathers lied.
---> -- ''Epitaphs of the War'', "Common Form"

Although this should not be taken, [[CommonKnowledge as it has in recent years]] that Kipling in any way opposed the war, or that he was anti-war. Kipling supported British entry into UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, wrote propaganda on its behalf, and after the war fully supported the Treaty of Versailles, and vehemently criticizing the British Parliament for not supporting UsefulNotes/{{France}}'s position in more strictly enforcing the conditions of the treaty. Kipling grieved like any father did, but he never regretted Britain's participation in the war, nor did he repudiate its role and function as TheEmpire. Indeed he felt that the British Empire, in alliance with France and America was more essential than ever with the rise of Bolshevism and Nazism. He believed in UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheory false allegations that the Labour party was a Communist front (it wasn't) but he also opposed Oswald Moseley and Nazism.

Poems from Kipling, sometimes set to music, are popular references in any military fiction or SciFi; the fans of the latter have a tradition of using Kipling's poems as '[[FilkSong Found Filk]]', especially Leslie Fish and Joe Bethancourt, who released an album (''Our Fathers of Old'') of Kipling derived or influenced songs.
!!Kipling's works with their own trope pages include:

* ''Literature/CaptainsCourageous''
* ''Literature/TheJungleBook''
* ''Literature/JustSoStories''
* ''Literature/{{Kim}}''
* ''Literature/PuckOfPooksHill''
* ''Literature/StalkyAndCo''
* "Literature/TheThreeDecker"

!!Other works by Kipling provide examples of:
* AdorablyPrecociousChild:
** Tods in "[[https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Plain_Tales_from_the_Hills/Tods%27_Amendment Tods' Amendment]]".
** Muhammad Din in "[[https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Plain_Tales_from_the_Hills/The_Story_of_Muhammad_Din The Story of Muhammad Din]]".
* AfterActionHealingDrama: "The Married Man" -- is more conscientous about saving your life here than the bachelor would be.
* AlasPoorYorick:
** The ending of ''The Man Who Would Be King''.
** A rather... unconventional scene in ''The Ballad of Boh Da Thone''.
* AlternativeCharacterInterpretation: A common trick InUniverse, of Kipling's was to follow up a short story with a poem looking at it from the point of view of a secondary character or villain. The results can be startlingly different -- compare 'The Knife and the Naked Chalk' to 'The Song of the Men's Side'.
* ArmiesAreEvil: "Tommy" is an AuthorTract written to [[DefiedTrope defy]] this trope, and especially the hypocrisy inherent in how soldiers were treated in peacetime and in wartime.
* AuthorTract: "Tommy." Be grateful for the common workers and soldiers that hold the empire together, not least the soldiers who, just before Kipling's time had been looked down upon by middle-class British.
-->''For it's tommy this and tommy that and shuck him out the brute''
-->''But it's savior of his country when the guns begin to shoot''
* AwfulTruth: "The Prayer Of Miriam Cohen"
* BadassCreed: For Indian postmen in "The Overland Mail":
-->Is the torrent in spate? He must ford it or swim.\\
Has the rain wrecked the road? He must climb by the cliff.\\
Does the tempest cry halt? What are tempests to him?\\
The service admits not a "but" or and "if."\\
While the breath's in his mouth, he must bear without fail,\\
In the Name of the Empress, the Overland Mail.
* BadCopIncompetentCop: Not much, but... one meets CoolAndUnusualPunishment in ''Steam Tactics''.
* BadLiar: The weather in "Danny Deever" is -- odd.
* BalladOfX: Many, including "The Ballad of Boh Da Thone," "The Ballad of East and West," "The Ballad of Fisher's Boarding-House," "The Ballad of the King's Mercy," and "The Ballad of the King's Jest."
* BanditClan: “The Ballad of East and West” deals with the leader of such a clan who steals a British officer's horse. The officer's son rides after him to retrieve it, and after impressing the bandit with his courage and manliness does so.
* BegoneBribe: Warned against in "The Dane-Geld"
* BoldExplorer: His poem "The Explorer" is basically an analysis of this trope.
* BuryMeNotOnTheLonePrairie: In "The ''Mary Gloster''", a dying MerchantPrince instructs his son that he wants a BurialAtSea in the Macassar Strait, where his wife died and was committed to the waves years earlier, and warns him that it will have to be done without the support or knowledge of his colleagues, who want to give him a more conventional funeral on dry land.
* CallBack: In "The ''Mary Gloster''", the dying shipping magnate mentions that his oldest friend is a Scottish engineer named [=McAndrew=] who he worked with in the days when he was making his name on the eponymous cargo ship. [=McAndrew=] is the protagonist of "[=McAndrew=]'s Hymn", written and published a few years earlier, which also mentions him having been third engineer on the ''Mary Gloster''.
* ColdIron: The title of a poem. Note that in the text it is clear that "cold" is a conventional term for "iron."
* CultureClash: Several of his short stories are jokes about this.
* {{Defictionalization}}: Some of the dialect of [[UsefulNotes/BritsWithBattleships the British Army]] was actually made up by Kipling. Originally it was a device to give the atmosphere of how soldiers talked without using the words [[MoralGuardians soldiers actually used]]. In UsefulNotes/WorldWarI a lot of boys entered the army brought up on Kipling and imported the dialect they thought was "soldierly".
* {{Discussed Trope}}s: Lots of. E.g.
** {{Demonization}}
---> What is the sense of 'ating those
---> 'Oom you are paid to kill?
* DontYouDarePityMe: "[[http://www.poetryloverspage.com/poets/kipling/comforters.html The Comforters]]".
-->So, when thine own dark hour shall fall,\\
Unchallenged canst thou say:\\
"I never worried ''you'' at all,\\
For God's sake go away!"
* EverymanHero: "Tommy" describes soldiers as just ordinary "single men in barricks."
* {{Forgiveness}}: Central to the poem "Cold Iron".
* FramingDevice: Kipling makes extensive and careful use of framing devices in his short stories and narrative verse, sometimes doubly framing stories (a story within a story within a story).
* FunnyForeigner: Played with in nearly every way possible.
* GentlemenRankers: The poem "Gentlemen-Rankers" (almost certainly the source of the term's widespread recognition) is a lament written from the perspective of a gentleman-ranker in India, detailing his feelings of detachment and despair.
* GodGuise: ''The Man Who Would Be King''.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: The gist of [[http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/the-thousandth-man "The Thousandth Man".]]
* InadequateInheritor: In "The ''Mary Gloster''", Sir Anthony Gloster, self-made man, has this opinion of his son.
-->Harrer an' Trinity College! I ought to ha' sent you to sea--\\
But I stood you an education, an' what have you done for me?\\
The things I knew was proper you wouldn't thank me to give,\\
And the things I knew was rotten you said was the way to live.
* KnightInSourArmor: The protagonist of ''Tommy''. Also a DeadpanSnarker.
* LoudOfWar: In "As Easy as ABC" the airships of the Aerial Board of Control use an industrial-strength sound and light show to pacify a PowderKegCrowd.
--> "I hate to interrupt a specialist when he's enjoying himself," said De Forest. "But, as a matter of fact, all Illinois has been asking us to stop for these last fifteen seconds." \\
"What a pity." Arnott slipped off his mask. "I wanted you to hear us really hum. Our lower C can lift street-paving."
* MamaBear: "The Female of the Species"
* MerchantCity: Peshawar in ''The Ballad of the King's Jest''
* MerchantPrince: Anthony Gloster in "The ''Mary Gloster''", who worked his way up from humble origins to become a wealthy businessman and a baronet who has "lunched with his Royal 'Ighness".
* MightyWhitey: Sometimes. Mostly they get to meet white guys who aren't.
** The [[MightyWhitey White Seal]] brings enlightenment back to all those darker-colored seals, and has to [[AuthorityEqualsAsskicking knock some sense into their heads]] besides.
* MoreDeadlyThanTheMale:
** In "The Female of the Species", Kipling's thesis was that this stemmed from woman's role in preserving the species:
-->She who faces Death by torture for each life beneath her breast\\
May not deal in doubt or pity—must not swerve for fact or jest.
** In "The Young British Soldier", he had this to say about Afghan women:
-->''When you're wounded and left on Afghanistan's plains,\\
And the women come out to cut up what remains,\\
[[BetterToDieThanBeKilled Jest roll to your rifle and blow out your brains]]\\
An' go to your Gawd like a soldier.''
* NarrativePoem: Many, including "The Rhyme of the Three Sealers," "The Ballad of East and West," and "Tomlinson."
* NeverLiveItDown: InUniverse in ''A Code of Morals'', a tongue-in-cheek cautionary tale about communications security. A moment of chatter on the heliograph line results in:
-->But the tale is on the Frontier, and from [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khyber_Agency Michni]] to [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multan Mooltan]]\\
They know the worthy General as "that most immoral man."
* NoHonorAmongThieves: "The Rhyme of the Three Sealers."
* NonNaziSwastika: Most editions of Kipling's books published before the 1930s often have left-hand swastikas on the title pages.
* NostalgiaAintLikeItUsedToBe: Discussed in ''The King''.
* NotSoDifferent: Zig-zagged. Sometimes he described Europeans as just another tribe, sometimes as superior. Perhaps the summation was that he in fact thought Europeans ''were'' another tribe (and thus shouldn't make too much heavy weather) but that, by chance they happened to be a tribe that had a lot to teach other tribes. Though better off not falling into narcissism out of this.
** Also Kipling was a good character writer and had a great fascination for how other people lived. His characters seem like real people that happen to be following the customs of their respective tribe/caste/whatever and not merely extensions of stereotypes.
** ''The Roman Centurion's Song'' is about a Roman Centurion pleading not to be sent home to Rome, as he has lived among the 'primitives' of Britain so long that he has gone native. Kipling was making the obvious comparison of how many British soldiers felt after living in India, and pointing out that once upon a time it was the Britons that were the subject of colonial ambitions by a 'more civilised' power and were viewed as savages by their colonial masters.
* ObstructiveBureaucrat: Kipling poured over these enough of acid to dissolve a battleship or two. From ''Pagett, M.P.'' to ''Mesopotamia'' and ''Stellenbosh'' to ''[[http://www.telelib.com/authors/K/KiplingRudyard/verse/p1/lesson.html The Lesson]]'':
--> [[UsefulNotes/TheSecondBoerWar We have spent two hundred million pounds]] to prove the fact once more,
--> [[HitAndRunTactics That horses are quicker than men afoot]], since two and two make four;
--> And horses have four legs, and men have two legs, and two into four goes twice,
--> And nothing over except our lesson--and very cheap at the price.
* POVSequel: Several, including ''The Pirates in England'' vs. ''A Pict Song''.
* PragmaticHero[=/=]PragmaticVillainy : Depending on how you look at it. His idea of Imperialism was not so much to change local culture but to competently do mundane chores like economic development, policing and so on. Chesterton in ''Heretics'' noted that the key to understanding him is to remember that he romanticized [[ConsummateProfessional discipline and competence.]]
* RapeAndRevenge: "Raped and Revenged" in "Epitaphs of the War."
* RatedMForManly: His poem simply entitled "''If--''" is about as good a summary as you can get for what it takes to be a virtuous and well-adjusted manly man. Also a good account of what it takes to be a KnightInShiningArmour in the modern world.
* TheRealHeroes: Frequently depicts enlisted men, ground-level bureaucrats, and their native counterparts in this light.
* RealityEnsues: ''The Gods of the Copybook Headings''.
* RealityIsUnrealistic: Invoked in ''Light That Failed''. ''The Return ''.
* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: Invoked in ''Ballad of East and West'' when a British subaltern surrounded by Pathans warns the Pathan chieftain that his tribe will be ravaged by the British Army if he is killed.
** In "The Grave of the One Hundred Head", the men of the First Shikari build a tomb for their dead Lieutenant from the skulls of all the men in the village his killer came from.
** In "The Lament of the Border Cattle Thief," the thief is promising one of these.
* RomanticismVersusEnlightenment: Kipling represented both the good and bad parts of the Enlightenment side of the equation. He genuinely believed that Western imperialism was helping to improve the lives of non-Western "savages" by introducing things like modern science, democracy, and secularism. However, he presented this view in a way that today comes across as [[WhiteMansBurden condescending at best, and downright racist at worst]].
* ScrewThisImOuttaHere: ''Wilful-Missing''
* SilentRunningMode: They call it ''The Trade''.
* StarCrossedLovers:
** ''In Flood Time''.
** ''Beyond The Pale''.
* StiffUpperLip: "If..." is one of the [[TropeCodifier trope codifiers]].
* StigmaticPregnancyEuphemism: "The Gardener" begins with the protagonist going to spend a few months in the South of France to recuperate from lung trouble, and coming back with a baby boy who is introduced to the neighbors as the orphan son of her BlackSheep brother, who went abroad years earlier and was never heard from again.
* TooDumbToLive: A lot of characters, e.g. Pagett, M.P.:
--> He spoke of the heat of India as the "Asian Solar Myth";
--> Came on a four months' visit, to "study the East," in November,
--> [[CoolAndUnusualPunishment And I got him to sign an agreement vowing to stay till September.]]
* {{Troperiffic}}: "[[http://www.poetryloverspage.com/poets/kipling/three_decker.html The Three-Decker]]" is a defense of the Troperific three-volume novel.
* TrueArtIsAngsty: InUniverse. ''In the Neolithic Age'' elaborately mocked {{flamewar}}s over styles.
** LighterAndSofter: ''The Light that Failed'':
-->'''Nilghai''': It’s a chromo,’ said he,--’a chromo-litholeo-margarine fake!
** ExecutiveMeddling: ''The Light that Failed'', the same incident.
-->'''Dick''': Then the art-manager of that abandoned paper said that his subscribers wouldn’t like it. It was brutal and coarse and violent,--man being naturally gentle when he’s fighting for his life. They wanted something more restful, with a little more colour. I could have said a good deal, but you might as well talk to a sheep as an art-manager.
* TrueCompanions: ''The Galley-Slave'' is about the brotherhood between a crew of galley slaves.
--> To the bench that broke their manhood, they shall lash themselves and die.
* UnableToSupportAWife:
** "The Post That Fitted".
** "In the Pride of His Youth".
* UndignifiedDeath: "The Ballad of the King's Mercy."
* UnreliableNarrator: "The Gardener" has an omniscient {{narrator}}, but when he starts talking about what "every one in the village knew", you have to pay close attention to what he's actually saying.
* UnusualEuphemism: [[strike:Deserters]] ''Wilful-Missing''.
* UriahGambit: "The Story of Uriah", funnily enough.
* YouAreACreditToYourRace: Sort of. Kipling while regarding Europeans (or at least British) as made to rule, admired colonial soldiers, railway workers, mailmen and other such blue collar people. They were, like ordinary whites in similar jobs, the ones that he believed really kept TheEmpire together. And most important of all, they were colorful and romantic.
* WomanScorned: "The Phantom Rickshaw." The protagonist has an affair with a married woman, then loses interest and dumps her. Then she dies. [[GhostlyGoals And then she comes back for him...]]
* WorthyOpponent: ''The Ballad of East and West''