%% Image selected per Image Pickin' thread: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/posts.php?discussion=1308774969086780100
%% Please do not change or remove without starting a new thread.

->''"Manga is virtual. Manga is sentiment. Manga is resistance. Manga is bizarre. Manga is pathos. Manga is destruction. Manga is arrogance. Manga is love. Manga is kitsch. Manga is sense of wonder. Manga is... there is no conclusion yet."''

Osamu Tezuka (1928-1989), [[FanNickname a.k.a. The Father of Manga]], is widely credited for laying the foundations for much, if not most, of modern [[{{Manga}} Japanese comics]] and [[{{Anime}} animation]]. His prolific output and activity throughout the years has been legendary in the industry, with only a fraction having even been translated for foreign consumption. He created over 700 comics with more than 150,000 pages total, the second TV anime ever made, the first one with an episode length of 25 minutes, and the very first {{shoujo}}. His production spans more or less every conceivable genre, and is sometimes so complex it does it ''in the same manga''.

If you have the afternoon free you can check out some (incomplete) lists of his works on Wiki/{{Wikipedia}}: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Osamu_Tezuka_manga manga here]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Osamu_Tezuka_anime and anime there]].

The Music/{{Elvis|Presley}} of Japanese manga and anime, just that instead of being inspired by blues, he was inspired by various different influences, both Japanese (traditional Japanese [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukiyo-e Ukiyo-e]] art, and the wide-eyed art styles appearing around the 1920's-1930's from {{Shoujo}} manga artists like [[http://martinecotton.com/frangipani/2003/05/03/junichi-nakahara-the-godfather-of-manga/ Junichi Nakahara]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamishibai Kamishibai]] paper theater shows like [[http://articles.latimes.com/2009/nov/29/entertainment/la-ca-magna29-2009nov29 Jungle Boy]]) and American (the 1930's-1940's [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfAnimation Golden Age Animations]] from Franchise/{{Disney|AnimatedCanon}}, [[Creator/MaxAndDaveFleischer Fleischer]], and Creator/{{Terrytoons}}).

Re-uses quite a few of his own characters, as well as making {{exp|y}}ies of them,[[note]]via his "[[ReusedCharacterDesign Star System]]", inspired by the Hollywood Star System,[[/note]] see [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osamu_Tezuka%27s_Star_System this page]] on ThatOtherWiki for a detailed list. If you want an overview of his work that you can carry on hand, check out the book "The Art of Osamu Tezuka".

[[AC: His works include:]]

* ''Manga/{{Adolf}}''
* ''{{Alabaster}}'' (His least known and most controversial work. A surprisingly bloody, violent series with racial overtones. Subverts most of his other [[ReusedCharacterDesign recurring characters]]: for example, the classic 'IdealHero' type from his other series is a narcissistic and sadistic rapist here.)
* ''The Amazing 3'' (''Wonder 3'' [[MarketBasedTitle in Japan]])
* ''Series/AmbassadorMagma''
* ''Manga/ApollosSong''
* ''Manga/AstroBoy'' (''Tetsuwan Atomu'', the second anime series ever produced and the earliest popular one)
* ''Manga/{{Ayako}}'' (Another extremely dark work revolving around an especially heinous case of BreakTheCutie)
* ''Barbara''
* ''Anime/BagiTheMonsterOfMightyNature''
* ''Big X''
* ''Manga/BlackJack''
* ''Blue Blink''
* ''The Book Of Human Insects''
* ''Manga/{{Buddha}}'' (a highly embellished biography of Buddha)
* ''The Crater'' which is now being offered on Kickstarter as a limited, 2000 copy run with 890 or o sold.
* ''{{Manga/Dororo}}''
* ''Anime/InTheBeginningTheBibleStories''
* ''[[Manga/KimbaTheWhiteLion Jungle Emperor]]'' (aka ''Kimba, The White Lion.'')
* ''Lion Books''
* ''Manga/MarvelousMelmo''
* ''Anime/{{Metropolis}}'' (One of his earlier works, although the anime adaptation was produced after his death.)
* ''Midnight''
* ''Manga/{{MW}}'' (A suspense-thriller centered around the twisted relationship between Father Garai, a guilt-ridden, secretly gay delinquent-turned-priest and his lover, Yuuki Michio, an amoral monster -- and occasional VillainousCrossdresser -- who plans to cause TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt. Today it is chiefly remembered for the well-known but unsubstantiated {{Fanon}} theory that the main villain of Creator/NaokiUrasawa's celebrated ''Anime/{{Monster}}'' series was inspired by Michio.)
* ''Manga/OdeToKirihito''
* ''Manga/{{Phoenix}}'' (Was meant to be his grand masterwork, alternating between tales of the distant past and the distant future until the two converged at the present. This work is, sadly, a victim of AuthorExistenceFailure.)
* ''Manga/PrincessKnight''
* ''Manga/RoppuKun''
* ''Senya Ichiya Monogatari'', a +2-hour long anime film loosely based on the Literature/ArabianNights. First known {{Hentai}} anime film.
* ''Manga/TheThreeEyedOne''
* ''Triton Of The Sea'', also to be published in US thanks to Kickstarter
* ''Manga/{{Unico}}'', which was even published in the US thanks to Kickstarter
** ''Anime/TheFantasticAdventuresOfUnico''
** ''Anime/UnicoInTheIslandOfMagic''
* ''Manga/{{Vampires}}''
* ''Brave Dan''

!! Tropes associated with the work of Osamu Tezuka:

* AnyoneCanDie: Even in his child-oriented works, he doesn't hesitate to confront the audience with the death of beloved characters.
** He even killed off [[spoiler: Astro Boy]] and only brought him back after massive complaints from fans.
* BigNameFan: Tezuka was a big fan of Walt Disney. Tezuka was relatively unknown in America and Disney couldn't even name a work of his when they first met during Tezuka's first trip to America to promote ''Astro Boy''. However, Disney actually knew ''Astro Boy'' and thought it was pretty good.
** He was also a fan of Carl Barks, see FanArt.
* BreakingTheFourthWall: And how!
** He even has a character based on himself in different roles, for example a cameo as a taxi driver in ''Adolf'' or as nameless mangaka who gets involved in a story in ''Black Jack''. In reprints of ''Astro Boy'', [[NoFourthWall he is seen discussing the stories with Astro]] as a sort of introduction.
** One word: Hyotantsugui.
* CerebusRollercoaster: ''The Crater'' is this, with many gags, bizarre supernatural plots and CruelAndUnusualDeath.
** His entire body of work is one big CerebusRollercoaster.
* {{Cloudcuckoolander}}: His author avatar is one, often played as a SmallNameBigEgo LargeHam. His RealLife obsession with art, working, and insects might indicate a case of TruthInTelevision.
** BunnyEarsLawyer
* CreatorThumbprint: Medical knowledge (Tezuka was a trained surgeon), animals and nature.
* {{Crossdresser}}: Pick a Tezuka character, any female Tezuka character. Yeah, there's a 70% chance that they have crossdressed at some point.
** TertiarySexualCharacteristics: Constantly averted. Almost all of his younger male characters have long eyelashes and some (i.e. Kimba the White Lion, Astro Boy) even end up looking feminine.
*** This was even used as a plot point in ''Manga/{{Dororo}}''. [[spoiler:[[SamusIsAGirl The eponymous sidekick is a girl]]. She has long eyelashes and other feminine features, but you would probably dismiss these clues because of Tezuka's style of drawing young boys]].
* DarkerAndEdgier: He went with the general taste shift of the public towards more mature themes (''gekiga'') during the end of the 60s with works such as ''MW'' and ''Ayako''.
** This is now considered an important decision in the history of manga: Tezuka, who was and still is the most influential and popular mangaka in Japan virtually made the Gekigaka's themes suitable for the mainstream market. On the long term this prevented anime and manga to fall into the AnimationAgeGhetto in Japan.
* {{Disneyesque}}: His female characters in particular. However, in general his art style is much more reminiscent to the zany, extravagant MindScrew FleischerStudios cartoons, so partly a subversion.
* DoingItForTheArt: If he liked, he ''could'' be a doctor and have an stable career thanks to his studies, even so, he drew manga.
** This was considered an extremely bold move that raised the respect for the profession of the comic creator in Japan.
* {{Expy}}: As mentioned above.
* FamousAncestor: He was a descendant of UsefulNotes/HattoriHanzo.
* FamousLastWords: "I'm begging you, let me work!"/"Please, let me keep working!"[[note]]頼むから仕事をさせてくれ!, ''Tanomu kara shigoto wo sasete kure!''[[/note]] The context was a nurse taking away his pens and paper, insisting he needed rest as he was on his deathbed with stomach cancer, but he will always be remembered [[RageAgainstTheHeavens screaming it at the gods]], pleading with them for enough time for one last book for his fans to enjoy...
* FanArt: He loved the Disney Duck family stories by CarlBarks and frequently sent [[http://i.crackedcdn.com/phpimages/article/4/2/4/43424.jpg?v=1 greeting cards]] to him with his own drawings of them interacting with his own characters.
* FanDisservice: If (female) nudity is involved in one of his works, then you can be sure there is some kind of cruel rape or disturbing torture or death scene somewhere near the next page.
** Sometimes it's just plain bizarre: In ''Manga/OdeToKirihito'', a woman mastered a risky stunt in which she is ''fried'' when stark naked.
* FromClonesToGenre: His work almost necessitated it, as he codified so many manga tropes, others had to make other tropes in order to stand out.
* UsefulNotes/FurryFandom: [[http://en.rocketnews24.com/2014/03/29/daughter-of-osamu-tezuka-god-of-manga-discovers-his-stash-of-hand-drawn-sexy-mouse-artwork/ If the recent discovery is any indication.]]
** Not ''that'' surprising anymore if you already saw the shapeshifting snake girls in "1001 Night".
** Another good clue would be the sheer amount of animal characters he used in his stories.
* GreenAesop: Lots and lots, especially ''Unico'', ''Astro Boy'', and ''Kimba''.
* ImprovisedLightningRod: Used in the TearJerker ending of Movement 1 in the [[AuthorExistenceFailure unfinished]] ''Legend of the Forest''.
* LivingLegend: Gekiga pioneer Yoshihiro Tatsumi covered this in his autobiography ''A Drifting Life'': Tezuka was considered a god-like genius by his peers even before he hit age 30 or became a national icon.
** His eventual death almost overshadowed the death of Emperor Hirohito, who died the month before him. Nowadays Tezuka is strongly associated with the Showa period and as the 90s were coined by recession, his death is coincident with the EndOfAnEra.
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters: His ''Star System''.
* NiceHat: His beret.
* RaygunGothic: Most of his works are known for this aesthetic.
* ReusedCharacterDesign: Tezuka never made up a new character design if he could recycle an old one. Essentially, his characters were "actors" playing different roles in his various manga.
* RedBaron: ''Manga no Kami-Sama'', meaning "God of comics". Often narrowly translated as "God of manga".
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Varies depending on the work. ''Astro Boy'' generally has an optimistic tone, while the infamous ''Alabaster'' is downright nihilistic. ''Black Jack'' is well-regarded for sliding the scale up and down.
* StrictlyFormula: Somehow he managed to avert this, but there his full-length stories are usually consisting of multiple sub-plots - with sometimes each one having a distinctive protagonist - that later resolve in a GrandFinale.
** He somewhat lampshaded his signature style in ''Manga/ApollosSong'', that is essentially the same story with same characters in completely different settings.
* TropeCodifier: Of nothing less than the entire Anime industry. They call him [[FanNickname God of Comics]] for a reason.
** He also made {{Ur Example}}s of "Graphic Novels" years before the term was coined and is the TropeMaker of many narrative and illustration techniques in manga and anime.
*** His single most important technical innovation was his signature "cinematographic" style, which basically means that a single action is drawn over the course of multiple panels, which was nothing but revolutionary in the world of comics. This technique was ridiculed by established mangaka of the 50s as a waste of space but he was VindicatedByHistory. And how.
* WarIsHell: ''Almost every single work'' of his deals with this at one point, it's possibly the most important and universal theme of his oeuvre.
* WhatMeasureIsANonHuman: Obviously ''Astro Boy'', but also ''Metropolis'' and others.
* {{Workaholic}}: As reflected by his aforementioned FamousLastWords, the man himself was the absolute apotheosis of Japan's legendary workaholism. He spent virtually every waking hour from early adulthood right up until the day he died drawing manga. Practically the only leisure time he allowed himself was watching films, although it did give him a chance to see what his competitors in the entertainment industry were up to and gave him a source of inspiration, as many of his works played off themes from his favorite movies.
* WorldOfHam: Subtle delivery wasn't something his characters were too interested in.