Molière (born Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, 15 January 1622 17 February 1673) was one of the many children of the French royal tapestry-maker. He tried to follow his father's footsteps and later, to become a lawyer, but his heart wasn't in it, and he ended up as one of the greatest French playwrights, and a protégé of King Louis XIV. He's so big in French culture that the language itself is nicknamed ''"La langue de Molière"''. In many ways, he's a rough French equivalent to [[Creator/WilliamShakespeare Shakespeare]], though his stature isn't quite as towering (since unlike Shakespeare, Molière wrote more or less only comedies, while the Bard wrote tragedies, histories, "problem plays" and standalone poems).

Legend has it he died on the stage, in 1673, playing the main role in ''The Imaginary Invalid''.[[note]]In fact, he collapsed on stage due to a coughing fit, while playing the hypochondriac of the title. Moliere had long suffered from tuberculosis, but insisted on finishing the performance, then was taken home and died there a few hours later.[[/note]]

Heavily influenced by ''CommediaDellArte'', his plays are full of slapstick, snark, misunderstandings, and thwarted lovers.

!!Among his works are:

* ''The Flying Doctor'' (''Le Médecin volant'')
* ''The Blunderer, or The Mishaps'' (''L'Étourdi, ou Les Contretempss'')
* ''The Doctor in Love'' (''Le Docteur amoureux'')
* ''The Affected Young Ladies'' (''Les Précieuses ridicules'')
* ''Sganarelle, or the Imaginary Cuckold'' (''Sganarelle, ou Le Cocu imaginaire'')
* ''Don Garcia of Navarre, or the Jealous Prince'' (''Dom Garcie de Navarre, ou Le Prince jaloux'')
* ''The School for Husbands'' (''L'École des maris'')
* ''The Pests'' (''Les Fâcheux'')
* ''The School for Wives'' (''L'École des femmes'')
* ''Critique of the School for Wives'' (''La Critique de l'école des femmes'')
* ''The Forced Marriage'' (''Le Mariage forcé'')
* ''The Princess of Elid'' (''La Princesse d'Élide'')
* ''Theatre/{{Tartuffe}}, or The Hypocrite'' (''Tartuffe, ou L'Imposteur'')
* ''Theatre/DonJuan, or The Stone Guest'' (''Dom Juan, ou Le Festin de pierre'')
* ''Doctor Love'' (''L'Amour médecin'')
* ''Theatre/TheMisanthrope, or The Splenetic in Love'' (''Le Misanthrope, ou L'Atrabilaire amoureux'')
* ''Theatre/TheDoctorInSpiteOfHimself'' (''Le Médecin malgré lui'')
* ''Mélicerte''
* ''The Sicilian, or Love the Artist'' (''Le Sicilien, ou L'Amour peintre'')
* ''Amphitryon''
* ''George Dandin, or the Husband Abashed'' (''George Dandin, ou Le Mari confondu'')
* ''Theatre/TheMiser, or The School for Lying'' (''L'Avare, ou L'École du mensonge'')
* ''Monsieur de Pourceaugnac''
* ''The Magnificent Lovers'' (''Les Amants magnifiques'')
* ''The Bourgeois Gentleman'' (''Le Bourgeois gentilhomme'')
* ''Psyche''
* ''The Schemes of Scapin'' (''Les Fourberies de Scapin'')
* ''The Countess of Escarbagnas'' (''La Comtesse d'Escarbagnas'')
* ''Theatre/TheLearnedLadies'' (''Les Femmes savantes'')
* ''The Hypochodriac'' (''Le Malade imaginaire'')

!!Molière's works provide examples of the following tropes:

* ArrangedMarriage: Always thwarted by the lovers.
* AuthorTract: Molière really, ''really'' hated doctors and the clergy, and had very snarky comments on bourgeois. He let ''everyone'' know about it. Why'd you think that ''Theatre/{{Tartuffe}}'' was banned for several years?
* CatchPhrase: One of Molière's favourite source of comedy involves a character repeating the same line over and over again in one scene. In some cases they became proverbial (''e.g.'', "What the devil was he doing on that galley?" (« ''Que diable allait-il faire dans cette galère?'' ») from ''Les Fourberies de Scapin'', and "Poor man!" (« ''Le pauvre homme!'' ») from ''Theatre/{{Tartuffe}}'')
* CelebrityParadox: Might be the TropeMaker. In ''The Imaginary Invalid'', which satirizes the medicine of the era, the brother of Argan (the hypochondriac main character) asks him if he would like to see a Moliére play. Argan angrily berates Moliére for making fun of doctors.
* FrenchMaid: The ''soubrette'' found in several of his plays; Dorine in ''Theatre/{{Tartuffe}}'' is perhaps the clearest example.
* GoldDigger: Beline, Argan's second wife in ''The Hypochondriac'' (also translated as ''The Imaginary Invalid''), is a two-faced woman: she flatters and pampers her husband, but schemes all the time, trying to figure out how to get all his money after his death, and she wants to deprive his two daughters of their share.
* GrandeDame: Mme. Pernelle; Arsinoé has some affinities with the type.
* LongLostSibling
* OrphansPlotTrinket: In ''Les Fourberies de Scapin'', Zerbine's bracelet.
* RhymesOnADime: Much of Molière's dialogue rhymes, as per the conventions of his day.
* TheScrooge: Harpagon from ''The Miser''.
* SelfPlagiarism: He reused some dialogues in his plays.
* ServileSnarker: There's one in every one of his plays.
* SmugSnake: Don Juan
* StrawHypocrite: Theatre/{{Tartuffe}}
* WorldOfSnark