Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy (Russian: Лев Никола́евич Толсто́й; 9 September [Old Style 28 August] 1828 20 November [Old Style 7 November] 1910) was a Russian writer and philosopher, best known in the English-speaking world for his novels, which include the notorious {{doorstopper}} ''Literature/WarAndPeace''.

!!Works by Leo Tolstoy with their own trope pages include:

* ''Literature/AnnaKarenina''
* ''Literature/WarAndPeace''
!!Leo Tolstoy's works provide examples of:

* ActualPacifist: This is frequently debated in his work, as the man himself became a die-hard pacifist in the later part of his life.
* AngelUnaware: [[spoiler: Michael]] in "What Men Live By".
* AuthorTract: Most of his writing have varying degrees of this, especially his later works. A good reminder that TropesAreTools.
* BeautyEqualsGoodness: {{Lampshade|Hanging}}d and {{inverted|Trope}} in ''What is Art?'' with Tolstoy arguing that beauty more often coincide with amorality and immorality than with goodness.
** Likewise inverted in ''Childhood'', where the narrator resolves to be good as best he can precisely because he thinks himself ugly.
* CreatorBacklash: Tolstoy grew to '''despise''' much of his early work, which he came to viewed as nothing more vain attempts at getting recognition with no true artistic passion invoked behind them. He also had a pretty low opinion on the quality of his work in general.
* {{Doorstopper}}: He was so infamous for it that his name has actually entered the Russian language to mean a very long book.
* FamousAncestor: Tolstoy was a direct descendant of UsefulNotes/GenghisKhan through the marriage of Prince Fyodor of Yaroslavl to Anna of the Tatars.
* GodIsGood: The church on the other hand... [[CorruptChurch has seen better days.]]
* HeelRealization: The autobiographical ''My Confession'' partly consist of Tolstoy having one of these:
-->''"I cannot recall those years without horror, loathing, and heart-rending pain. I killed people in war, challenged men to duels with the purpose of killing them, and lost at cards; I squandered the fruits of the peasants' toil and then had them executed; I was a fornicator and a cheat. Lying, stealing, promiscuity of every kind, drunkenness, violence, murder there was not a crime I did not commit..."''
* HeroicSelfDeprecation: Tolstoy is a well-respected and famous writer and philosopher (at least in his country). In a autobiographical work of his, ''My Confession'', he mentions that he had recurring bouts of depression despite having what many would call a happy life: he had a beloved wife; good children; a large estate "which grew and increased without any labour on [his] part"; was respected and praised by friends, neighbours, and strangers alike; and was mentally and physically well (excluding his depression). Why was he depressed? Because he was wondering if life was even worth living. [[spoiler:[[RestoredMyFaithInHumanity In the end, he concluded that it was.]]]]
* OhAndXDies: ''The Death of Ivan Ilych''
* StuffedIntoTheFridge: In ''Hadji Murat'', the reader is first aware of the death of [[spoiler:Hadji Murat]] when someone shows off his head in a sack.