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'''Ingmar Bergman''' (1918 2007) was a [[UsefulNotes/{{Sweden}} Swedish]] director, regarded as one of the true greats in the history of film. Between writing, directing, and producing, he was nominated for thirteen UsefulNotes/{{Academy Award}}s, winning for Best Foreign Film three times: ''The Virgin Spring'' (1960, the inspiration for the American ''Film/TheLastHouseOnTheLeft''), ''Through a Glass Darkly'' (1961), and ''Fanny and Alexander'' (1983). Another of his famous films is ''The Seventh Seal'', a TropeCodifier for ChessWithDeath.

His films have a reputation for being gloomy and surrealistic. Although he generally tells identifiable "stories," [[LeFilmArtistique straightforward plot descriptions will rarely give any real indication of what his movies are "about"]]: even criticism of his works tends to sound like psychobabble. Bergman himself even stated that he didn't so much care if the audience understood what he was going for, [[EmotionalTorque as long as they felt something]]. Despite being (rather unjustly) a poster child for TrueArtIsIncomprehensible, the list of filmmakers who regard him as being among the best directors ever is long, including Creator/WoodyAllen, Creator/StanleyKubrick, Creator/MartinScorsese, Creator/StevenSpielberg, Creator/AngLee and Creator/FrancisFordCoppola. There's a reason so many of his films have been released in America by Creator/TheCriterionCollection. However, it should be noted that in his lifetime Bergman's films were generally box-office successes, not only in Sweden and Europe, but also in America. His film ''Scenes from a Marriage'' was the most popular TV show of its age and according to legend was a cause for a spike in divorce rates after the film's release. ''Cries and Whispers'' was likewise released in America by none other than Creator/RogerCorman who managed to distribute it so well that it became a box-office there. He was pretty much a household name in TheSixties and TheSeventies across the world.

Not to be confused with, nor any relation to, Creator/IngridBergman (though he once directed her, in ''Autumn Sonata''; people on set got them confused).

!!Works by Ingmar Bergman with their own trope pages include:

* ''{{Film/Hour of the Wolf}}''
* ''Film/{{Persona}}''
* ''Film/TheSeventhSeal''
* ''Film/TheVirginSpring''
* ''Film/FannyAndAlexander''

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!!Tropes:
* AntiHero: In almost all of his films, the heroes posses glaring personal flaws; either having to do with the way they treat others, the way they look at the world or their inability to see the ramifications of their actions.
* CrapsackWorld: Bergman's work is associated with drama about life and death.
* DeliberatelyMonochrome: Black-and-white is used to great effect in his work.
* {{Devil in Disguise}}: In ''Film/FannyAndAlexander'' and ''[[Film/TheDevilsEye The Devil's Eye]]'', a rigid religious morality and those people who embody it are shown to destroy a true impulse for goodness in people.
* {{Dramedy}}: Although he is best known for his existential dramas, Bergman is surprisingly good at getting laughs, even making some outright comedies. Even some of his dower pictures, like ''Film/TheSeventhSeal'' have some laugh-out-loud moments.
* TheGrimReaper: Death is prominent subject in his work. To the point that the Grim Reaper is actually a character in Film/TheSeventhSeal.
* NotSoStoic: Almost every film features a very stoic person breaks down in every possible way existentially, mentally, physically, sexually.
* ShallowParody: Creator/IngmarBergman parodies are usually just spoofing the Death playing chess scene from ''Film/TheSeventhSeal'' and the two women in extreme close-up talking to each other while not looking each other straight in the face from ''Film/{{Persona}}''. It's such a PopCulturalOsmosis that most parodists haven't even seen the entirety of these films and just keep basing their LeFilmArtistique spoofs on these two scenes.
* SpiritualSuccessor: Creator/LarsVonTrier. Creator/WoodyAllen is also a huge fan and has made a homage to Bergman's work several times: Film/{{Interiors}}, Film/ShadowsAndFog,...

!!References in Popular Culture:

* ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}'': The episode "Meatballs or Consequences", mainly through the use of the ChessWithDeath motif (though the Warners request that they play checkers instead) and TheGrimReaper having a thick Swedish accent.
* ''Series/TheMuppetShow:'' "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mqv_qYBgEk0 Silent Strawberries]]"
* ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000:'' "[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7pGZbfNADNs A Joke By Ingmar Bergman]]"