->''Writing mainstream fiction is rather like playing a beautifully tuned grand piano. it's a wonderful experience and you can get a great sound out of it. Writing science fiction is like playing a ''gigantic'' church organ, one with four keyboards, two more keyboards for your feet, a hundred different switches and a load of stops to pull out, because pulling out all the stops is very important.''

'''Iain Banks''' (1954 - 2013) was a Scottish writer who alternated between straight fiction (as Iain Banks) and ScienceFiction (as Iain M. Banks). He was listed by the ''Times'' as one of the 50 greatest British writers.

According to [[http://www.sf-encyclopedia.com/entry/banks_iain_m his entry]] in ''The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction'', "Although differences in register can be detected between the two forms of his name, as a whole Banks's work is more usefully thought of as ranging through a wide spectrum, rather than as bifurcating into two separate categories. As in the case of Graham Greene's "real novels" and what he called "Entertainments", it is a distinction without visible merit, beyond its use in marketing terms. "

Ian Banks had a [[Creator/QuentinTarantino Quentin-Tarantino-like]] reputation: he was famous for his first published novel ''Literature/TheWaspFactory'' which featured murder, animal mutilation and had a darkly comic tone. Explicit depictions of horrible events is a constant. Any article about him is sure to mention exploding grannies or heads on life-support used as punching bags.

However, he was not primarily a writer of horror stories. His novels were densely packed with politics, story and character. He was often pigeonholed as a member of the far-left, but his works don't read as rhetoric.

To scratch the surface of his politics, we have his most famous (ScienceFiction) creation: ''Literature/TheCulture''. On the surface it is a gleeful utopia with no exploitation, rules or money, heavily supported by high technology and benign, highly capable Artificial Intelligences. A place where everyone can get their kicks, even the [=AIs=] in the virtual Infinite Fun Space. However, Banks was also a hardnosed realist: The Culture only exists because of its military and intelligence service, both of which are ruthless and bloody-handed.

In effect: there are no rules in the Culture as long as you don't go breaking the rules (and if you have to ask what they are, there is clearly something ''wrong'' with you).

If his take on utopia is marbled with reservations, his depiction on totalitarian societies is more stark. You would have to work hard to develop a MisaimedFandom for his fundamentalists, kings and corrupt politicians.

However, Banks was a great appreciator of the ''theatre'' of fascism and the romance of warriors and weapons. This is coupled with his willingness to treat people who are doing foolish and/or evil things with seriousness and sympathy. He also liked to confront means and ends rather than glibly state that the end doesn't justify the means. Put it all together and there aren't many easy answers left.

->''...a story which both embraces and rejects the romanticism of space adventure; a story which unsettles as often as it thrills.''
-->-- '''T. M. Wagner''', reviewing ''Literature/ConsiderPhlebas''

Banks loved complexity. In ''Literature/UseOfWeapons'' alternating chapters travel in opposite directions along the timeline, with symbology and causality tying each couplet together. It also has many characters, deceptions, lies, civilisations, technologies and religions.

Banks was happy to borrow ideas from all over the Science field. Sometimes this complexity gets out of hand. ''Feersum Endjinn'' is perhaps an example when the special effects take over and the story gets lost.

A saving grace is the style: he was generally noted for having a clear matter-of-fact style. Coupled with an earthy directness, his writing helps ground the flights of fancy.

Banks' straight fiction is often harsher. Lacking the relief of science fiction grandeur or Culture-like optimism, his straight fiction is usually laden with horror and unflinchingly negative takes on humanity. As a result, his non-genre fiction can seem nihilistic. Or to put it his way "Full of gratuitous nastiness but a cracking good read." A relatively gentle place to start is ''Espedair Street'' -- a strange rags-to-riches tale of rock megastardom finally run aground.

Banks was unusual in being a cross-over author: he was as least as famous and successful as a conventional fiction author as a Science Fiction author.

In his personal life he had a reputation for hard drinking, drug use, powerful cars and an interest in explosives. This rambunctious lifestyle seemed to inform his books, which exude an adolescent brio. Confoundingly, in person his appearance had been likened to a university lecturer, and for all the darkness in his novels he came across as quite upbeat and jovial. He was a regular at Science Fiction conventions -- not necessarily to promote himself but because he was "one of us" -- a fan in his own right. He also had one of greatest geek credentials of all time: he was an extra in the final scene of ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail''.

He gained some media attention for publicly cutting up his passport in response to Tony Blair's decision to take the UK into the Iraq war.

He reported his childhood as being a secure and happy one. A Scottish sense of strong family ties and clannish loyalties perhaps informs his work which can be downright odd in contrast to other elements:

"I'm veering wildly across the road of literature, from the cosy sentimentality of ''The Crow Road'' and ''Whit'' to the deeply unpleasant, gratuitously nasty stuff like ''Complicity''."

In summary Iain Banks is not for the faint-hearted, but a lot of fun and great food for thought.

On April 3rd 2013, Iain Banks announced [[http://www.orbitbooks.net/2013/04/03/a-personal-statement-from-iain-banks/ that he had cancer]], and only a few months left to live.

Only two months later, on 9th of June 2013, [[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-22835047 news broke]] that he had passed away, much to the dismay of his fans.
!!Iain Banks' works with their own pages:

* ''Literature/TheWaspFactory''
* ''Literature/ConsiderPhlebas''
* ''Literature/ThePlayerOfGames''
* ''Literature/UseOfWeapons''
* ''Literature/{{Excession}}''
* ''Literature/AgainstADarkBackground''
* ''Literature/{{Transition}}''
* ''Literature/{{Matter}}''
* ''Literature/SurfaceDetail''
* ''Literature/TheHydrogenSonata''
!!Tropes in Iain Banks' works:

* {{Asexuality}}: Played with in ''Whit'': the heroine/narrator isn't exactly asexual but she's certainly not nearly as sexual as everyone else wants her to be.
* TheAtoner: Cheradenine Zakalwe
* BatmanGambit: The Culture is forever manipulating people. Manipulation features in many of his novels.
* BigScrewedUpFamily: In several novels, most notably ''The Crow Road''.
* CombatPragmatist: In ''Whit'', BadassAdorable heroine Isis witnesses a black friend being menaced by racist thugs. She herself is mixed race, although she looks white, and is horrified. She goes into an ordinary shop and buys a kid's water pistol and a bottle of Tabasco sauce. She combines the two to make instant [[NonLethalWarfare pepper spray]] [[spoiler:which she uses, to devastating effect.]]
* {{Cult}}: The Luskentyrians in ''Whit''.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: Daniel Weir really, really tries in ''Espedair Street''. [[spoiler:And succeeds.]]
* EveryoneWentToSchoolTogether: Banks and fellow Scottish science fiction writer Creator/{{Ken MacLeod}} in real life.
* HighVoltageDeath: In ''Espedair Street'', [[spoiler: Davey dies this way]].
* ImAHumanitarian: Very nasty arc in ''Literature/ConsiderPhlebas''. As one otherwise hardened reviewer put it "I can't believe this is happening".
* INeedADrink: the inspiration for his non-fiction book ''Raw Spirit'', which recounts a trip across UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}} and its many distilleries in search of 'the perfect dram.'
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters: ''Look to Windward'' has eight viewpoint characters.
* LaserGuidedAmnesia: ''Look to Windward''
* LiteraryAllusionTitle: both ''Consider Phlebas'' and ''Look to Windward'' draw their titles from TSEliot's ''TheWasteland''.
* {{BFG}}: Culture guns. In ''State of the Art'' there is the darkly amusing case of a {{BFG}} that is a smart gun -- considerably smarter than the wielder, in fact.
** The joke about the gun being smarter than the person wielding it was repreated in ''Literature/AgainstADarkBackground'' when a group of solipsistic mercenaries dump an advanced weapon that they have been gifted after falsely assuming that it has run out of ammo. Previously they had used it to shoot down several jet fighters.
* MindRape: When a multimillion ton starship derided with the name ''Meatfucker'' comes after your grey cells, it ain't pretty.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: Daniel Weir in ''Espedair Street'' lives off this trope, blaming himself for all the terrible things that have happened to the people in his band. [[spoiler: Justified in that the band got famous in part because the songs he wrote were so good, so without him they wouldn't have found success; but the guitarist was electrocuted after an accident with a stage effect that Daniel had dreamed up, while the singer was killed by a crazed fan for singing a blasphemous song that Daniel had written. In neither case is he directly responsible for their deaths, though.]]
* OutsideContextVillain: Sort of. It's hard to figure out what the Excession are, which is the point. They are the TropeNamer, after all.
* PhysicalGod: The Minds. [[DeusEstMachina "We are close to gods, and on the far side."]]
* ReallySevenHundredYearsOld: Many Culture dwellers. Cheradenine Zakalwe and Diziet Sma from ''Literature/UseOfWeapons''; Ngaroe Qi Ria from "Literature/TheHydrogenSonata" is, according to rumour, older than the Culture.
* SealedEvilInACan: The Excession. Maybe. If you get in the road of the damn thing.
* SexDrugsAndRockAndRoll: ''Espedair Street'' takes you behind the scenes and gives you a rather homespun take on what happens to some kids from Scotland that make that scene.
* SoBeautifulItsACurse: Played straight and unusually successfully with Isis in ''Whit'': she's convincingly described as being gorgeous, but she's not really interested in sex [[spoiler:which is a bit of a problem since the Cult she belongs to plans to involve her in some kind of mating ritual.]]
* SociopathicHero: Turn up here and there in a lot of novels, particularly anything to do with Special Circumstances. And a ''lot'' of [[PsychoForHire Psychos For Hire]].
* SpaceOpera: Most of his Science Fiction: some of the most satisfying and intelligent Space Opera around.
* StarfishAliens: ''[[SignatureStyle Hoo-BOY...]]''
* SuperweaponSurprise
** The apparently helpless zeppelin-like Behemothaur natives of the airsphere have some big brothers, who will see that your species goes extinct if you mess with their charges.
** The Dwellers' hidden goodies in ''The Algebraist''.
* TheVirus: The Excession again.
* WackyFratboyHijinx: ''Espedair Street'', with planes.
* WarIsGlorious: There's just too much delight in the hardware and what it can do to avoid this one, though the Culture consciously tries to avoid this -- among other things, their warships are dubbed "Thug", "Torturer", "Murderer" class, where other cultures would choose the likes of "Vengeance" or "Glory".
* WarIsHell: With Banks you get to smell the corpses and sift through the ashes.
* ZeroGSpot
** Bringing a new meaning to re-entry in ''Literature/ConsiderPhlebas''.
** Of course there was that one unusual docking incident in ''Literature/{{Excession}}''...