[=George MacDonald=] (1824-1905) was a Victorian Era [[UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}} Scottish]] writer who's chiefly known for his fantasy works, which were read by such authors as Creator/GKChesterton, Creator/JRRTolkien, and Creator/CSLewis. They include ''Literature/AtTheBackOfTheNorthWind'', ''Literature/{{Lilith}}'', ''Literature/{{Phantastes}}'', ''Literature/ThePrincessAndTheGoblin'', ''Literature/ThePrincessAndCurdie'', and ''Literature/TheLightPrincess''. He also wrote a fair number of non-fantasy works, primarily concerned with romance, suffering and adventure in [[UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}} the Highlands]], which are generally passed over [[TastesLikeDiabetes for some reason.]]

Other writers who [[SincerestFormOfFlattery cited [=MacDonald=] as an influence]] include Creator/WHAuden, Roger Lancelyn Green, Creator/MadeleineLEngle, Creator/ENesbit, and Elizabeth Yates. Essentially, he's the grandfather of nearly the entire modern genre of {{fantasy}}. Appropriately enough, he sported a pretty impressive WizardBeard.

He is not Creator/GeorgeMacDonaldFraser.

!!Works by [=George MacDonald=] with their own trope pages include:
* ''Literature/TheLightPrincess''
* ''Literature/{{Lilith}}''
* ''Literature/{{Phantastes}}''
* ''Literature/ThePrincessAndTheGoblin''
!!His other works provide examples of:
* AnAesop: Often to the level of WriterOnBoard (see below).
* BittersweetEnding: [[strike: Frequently]] ''Always''.
* ChildrenAreInnocent
* CoolOldLady: Fairy grandmothers often appear, and are always awesome.
* DeadGuyJunior
* {{Determinator}}: Many of his child characters, especially the virtuous ones. Occasionally crosses over into BadassAdorable.
* DiedHappilyEverAfter
* DiedInYourArmsTonight:
** In one of the stories in ''Phantastes'', Cosmo von Wehrstahl dies in the arms of the Princess von Honenweiess he has released from the mirror she has been enchanted in, but she finds him too late and cradles him as he dies in her arms.
** In ''Lilith'', [[spoiler: Lona dies in her true love's Vane's arms after she's killed by [[LukeIAmYourFather her mother]], Lilith]].
* DirectLineToTheAuthor: [=MacDonald=] includes himself as a character in the last few chapters of ''At the Back of the North Wind'', meeting and befriending the protagonist, who subsequently tells him of the events recounted in the earlier part of the novel.
* DontFearTheReaper: The North Wind, in ''At the Back of the North Wind,'' is implied to be an angel of Death, and always treats Diamond with the greatest gentleness.
* DreamingTheTruth: In "Port In A Storm" how he finds the port.
* EverythingsBetterWithPrincesses
* EverythingsBetterWithRainbows: In ''The Golden Key''
* FairytaleMotifs
* FirstNameBasis
* FunetikAksent: Just in case you ever forgot you were in Scotland.
* GreatBigLibraryOfEverything: Mentioned in ''Phantastes,'' ''Lilith,'' ''Alec Forbes''... This is a recurring image throughout [=MacDonald's=] fiction, probably inspired by a year [=MacDonald=] spent as a youth cataloging books in a large house in Scotland.
** Such places tend to be more of a MagicalLibrary at heart.
* HeldGaze: The supernatural variant of the trope, in which case it fills the two gazers with such longing that they are so consumed with love that they depart from each other and die, being reborn as children.
* TheHeroDies
* IGaveMyWord
* JamesBondage
* LittlestCancerPatient: They appear with some regularity in his non-fantasy works, dying of VictorianNovelDisease rather than cancer. (Three of [=MacDonald's=] thirteen children died of tuberculosis.)
* LivingShadow: Pops up frequently, notably in ''Phantastes'', and have a story to themselves in "The Shadows."
* LoveRedeems: Central to arguably all of [=MacDonald's=] work.
* {{Mythopoeia}}: C. S. Lewis cited him as a TropeMaker.
* OrphansOrdeal: ''A Rough Shaking.''
* OurGoblinsAreDifferent
* ThePowerOfLove
* ThePromise
* PublicDomainCharacter: All of his characters, as he's been dead for over 100 years.
* UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}}: The setting of many of [=MacDonald's=] non-fantasy novels, as well as the homeland of the author himself.
* TheSpeechless: Wee Sir Gibbie in... ''Sir Gibbie.''
* TooGoodForThisSinfulEarth
* TropeCodifier: Being one of the major creators of modern fantasy literature, [=MacDonald=] had a huge hand in establishing the tropes now prominent throughout that genre.
* TheVamp: UsefulNotes/{{Lilith}} in [[Literature/{{Lilith}} her eponymous novel]], and the Maiden of the Alder-Tree in ''Phantastes''.
* WeNamedTheMonkeyJack: Diamond, the protagonist of ''At the Back of the North Wind'', was named after his father's horse.
* WriterOnBoard: An example that even this [[TropesAreNotBad trope is not bad]]. Creator/CSLewis observed of [=MacDonald's=] non-fantasy novels, "Sometimes they diverge into direct and prolonged preachments which would be intolerable if a man were reading for the story, but which are in fact welcome because the author... is a supreme preacher."
!! George [=MacDonald=] in fiction:

* Creator/CSLewis was particularly moved after reading ''Phantastes'', and much of Lewis' writing reflect the themes that [=MacDonald=] used. Accordingly, in ''Literature/TheGreatDivorce'', Lewis used [=MacDonald=] as a [[TheMentor guiding character]] in the same way that Dante had used Creator/{{Virgil}} in ''Literature/TheDivineComedy''.