[[caption-width-right:284:[[Disney/{{Pinocchio}} When you wish upon a star,]] [[BootstrappedTheme your dreams come true!]]]]

->''I do not make films primarily for children. I make them for the child in all of us, whether we be six or sixty. Call the child 'innocence'. The worst of us is not without innocence, although buried deeply it might be. In my work I try to reach and speak to that innocence, showing it the fun and joy of living; showing it that laughter is healthy; showing it that the human species, although happily ridiculous at times, is still reaching for the stars.''

The Walt Disney Company (commonly referred to as Disney, so much so that in recent years it has begun crediting itself as such too) is the largest media group in the world.

Founded in 1923 as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio by Creator/WaltDisney and his older brother Roy, the studio started out by making short animated productions, then moved on to larger animated films, live-action films and eventually everything else.

They started out with making shorts featuring WesternAnimation/OswaldTheLuckyRabbit, but after only twenty-six shorts were made the rights to Oswald were taken away from Walt Disney and his partner Creator/UbIwerks, who (along with Roy and apprentice animators Creator/LesClark and Wilfred Jackson) were left to run the company themselves. Needing a new character, they created Disney/MickeyMouse, who was the star of the first ever animation to feature synchronised sound, ''WesternAnimation/SteamboatWillie''. Soon after the ''WesternAnimation/SillySymphonies'' cartoons followed, which evolved to become the studio's animation evolution showcase where the latest techniques and narrative experiments were tried out commercially.

In 1937 they decided to go one step further and create their first full-length film, ''Disney/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs''. Everybody predicted failure and told them to stop before it was too late. It became the highest grossing movie of all time (until ''Film/GoneWithTheWind'' took the crown 2 years later) and won eight (admittedly honorary) Oscars. With the success of ''Snow White'' the company could expand and create the films from the forties such as ''Disney/{{Dumbo}}'' and ''Disney/{{Bambi}}''. Unfortunately, UsefulNotes/WorldWarII meant much of the European market was closed and most of the new feature films bombed. Around the same time there was also a bitter labor strike over the issue of unionizing animators that destroyed the studio camaraderie, with the striking animators complaining that Walt was a money-wasting control freak and Walt taking the strike as a personal betrayal while his studio was struggling. To keep the studio alive, the studio did instructional and propaganda films for the US government while the company's own movie-making was slow, meaning films that were in production from before the war didn't get released until afterwards (such as ''Disney/AliceInWonderland'' and ''Disney/PeterPan''). After the war ended, Disney, still burdened with considerable debt, moved into the {{Documentary}} film genre with the ''True-Life Adventures'' and produced cheaper packaged animated feature films that were essentially animated shorts edited together.

Eventually, Disney gambled for a true feature with one story like in its prime and created the hit, ''Disney/{{Cinderella}}''. This success began one of the company's busiest era's releasing five or six pieces every year - many eventually becoming classics. [[Ride/DisneyThemeParks The first Disneyland]] was opened in 1955 and the studio moved into all live action dramatic films like ''Literature/TreasureIsland'' and ''Film/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea''. The studio also moved into television with ''Disneyland'' that would become in various incarnations a long running television showcase for Disney's productions such as the "Davy Crockett" series while the syndicated ''TheMickeyMouseClub'' secured the youth audience.

Unfortunately, the 1959 failure of the lavish feature film ''Disney/SleepingBeauty'' (due to the huge budget despite good box office), prompted both a downsizing of the animation studio and a retreat from fairy tales for years. These changes showed in their next feature, ''Disney/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians'', their first film to be ambiguously set in contemporary times. Furthermore, the studio took advantage of a new technology called xerography, a dry photocopying process that eliminated the need to hand-ink the animation, but it only allowed for black outlines, which forced a hard scratchy visual style for years. However, the studio also hit a creative peak in 1964 with ''Film/MaryPoppins'', one of the great film musicals that combined the best of Disney's artistry of animation and live-action into a cinematic classic. Unfortunately, Walt Disney, who had been losing interest in animation by then in favor of TV and theme park projects, died of lung cancer, and his brother Roy came out of retirement to run the company. One of his first acts was renaming Disney World as "Walt Disney World" in honor of his brother. The last films Walt Disney worked on, ''Disney/TheJungleBook'' and ''The Happiest Millionaire'' were released in 1967. Roy himself died shortly after Walt Disney World was opened in 1971.

In the years after that, the company continued with its creative momentum gradually draining with the more ambitious members of the management frustrated by the constant overhang of "What would Walt do?" Through the 1970s, the obvious answer to that of emulating Walt's penchant for taking big budgeted creative dares was not one of them, as the company's live action films became largely a bunch of family safe comedies and sequels to their one really successful post-Walt film, ''Film/TheLoveBug''. To make things more complicated for them, Disney had developed a reputation in the 1970s as being the studio that caught actors [[HollywoodHypeMachine on their way up]] or [[WhiteDwarfStarlet on their way down]]. Few established actors were willing to work with the studio because of this, and in turn the public had grown more skeptical to new releases [[OnlyTheCreatorDoesItRight without the "Walt Disney Presents" billing]] in the title. What's worse, Disney's position as the go-to studio for family friendly pictures was challenged for the first time after the end of the NewHollywood era and with the rise of [[UsefulNotes/TheBlockbusterAgeOfHollywood all-ages blockbusters]]. Furthermore, these young artists embodied much of Walt's best qualities such as Creator/GeorgeLucas taking ambitious creative risks with ''Franchise/StarWars'' and Creator/JimHenson with ''Film/TheMuppetMovie'' as a man who proved to be as much an artistic giant with puppetry as Walt was with WesternAnimation.

The animation department was no better off with sporadic new films with limited budgets punctuated by endless rereleases of their older films on a regular schedule even while the graduates of Walt Disney's [=CalArts=] school came on board like [[Creator/PixarRegulars John Lasseter]] and Creator/TimBurton. Furthermore, while the studio was able to advance such as improving the xerography processing in animation to finally get rid of the scratchy outline visuals in ''Disney/TheRescuers'', more ambitious animators, especially Creator/DonBluth, finally had enough feeling creatively stifled by 1979 and walked.

When the senior management finally fell to Walt's son in law, Ron Miller, in that same period, the company was its nadir with only the theme parks being consistently profitable. To his credit, Miller did make some positive moves like taking a chance with innovative films like ''Film/{{Tron}}'' and planned to create more adult oriented fare through the new branch, Creator/TouchstonePictures.

However, these efforts weren't enough and in 1984, shareholder Saul Steinberg launched a brief hostile takeover bid of the company with the intention of closing it and selling off its various assets. In response, Roy Disney Jr. and Stanley Gold reached out to investor Sid Bass with the hopes of convincing him to buy a major stake in the company in order to ward off Steinberg. Bass agreed, but only on the condition that Disney's management underwent a serious change. And so, in a board room coup, Miller was ousted and Michael Eisner and Jeffrey Katzenberg (both from Creator/{{Paramount}}) and Frank Wells (from Creator/WarnerBros) were placed in charge of the company. In its ten years of existence, this management trio revived the company with inexpensive but well received adult fare like the comedy films with relatively faded stars at the time like Creator/NickNolte and Bette Midler. Eventually, the company purchased the noted independent film distributor/studio Creator/MiramaxFilms to produce more artistically ambitious fare, which paid off with the audacious and critically hailed 1994 box office hit, ''Film/PulpFiction'' by Creator/QuentinTarantino.

The trio's faith in Disney's Animation proved a dicier proposition with the department's one grandfather feature film project, ''Disney/TheBlackCauldron'' proved a major flop. However, the much cheaper and more successful subsequent film, ''Disney/TheGreatMouseDetective'' in 1986 convinced the trio to give the animators a chance. This paid off handsomely as the expensive later film, ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit'' proved a sensation in 1988 and ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'' in 1989 set off the [[TheRenaissanceAgeOfAnimation Disney Renaissance]] with a series of spectacular blockbusters that brought the company more money and prestige than they ever dreamed. Meanwhile, the company made their own waves on TV with a new commitment to TV animation with superb big budgets and well done animated series like ''WesternAnimation/AdventuresOfTheGummiBears'', ''WesternAnimation/DuckTales'' and ''WesternAnimation/{{Gargoyles}}'' dramatically raising the bar of what TV animation could be.

Unfortunately, the trio fell apart when Frank Wells was killed in a skiing helicopter accident and the moderator to Eisner's ego was removed. This led to infighting with Jeffrey Katzenberg who eventually left to form Creator/DreamWorks and Eisner assumed more control with the company declining with his increasingly inept hands, even as he made bold acquisitions like the Creator/{{ABC}} TV network. At the same time, the contracted computer animation house, Creator/{{Pixar}}, owned by Creator/SteveJobs, transformed feature animation with its astounding series of critically lauded smash hit animated features while Disney's in house cel-animated films were increasingly overshadowed. Even worse for Disney, the new field of computer animation allowed competitors to finally sidestep the AllAnimationIsDisney public prejudice and allowed new competitors to get their own piece of the pie, most notably Creator/DreamWorksAnimation[[note]]King Farquaad, the main antagonist of ''{{Film/Shrek}}'', one of [=DreamWorks Animation's=] first big hits, was reportedly [[TakeThat modeled after Eisner by Katzenberg]][[/note]].

Eventually, Roy Jr. and others had enough with Eisner's escalating business blunders. This climaxed with him alienating Steve Jobs and his Pixar studio by insulting them by claiming that their upcoming film, ''WesternAnimation/FindingNemo'', was sure to be a flop that would take them down a peg. After that film broke all box office records for feature animation and won an Oscar, Eisner looked like a complete incompetent at the worst possible time with Disney's contract with Pixar being due to expire soon and Jobs loathing Eisner personally and eager to walk. To fix that calamity of losing such a valuable studio, the board of directors ousted Eisner and placed Robert Iger (previously head of ABC) in charge.

Since taking over as CEO, Bob Iger has taken a much more hands-off approach to things, most likely as an effort to undo the damage of his predecessor's legendary ExecutiveMeddling. His primary accomplishments have been inking the multi-billion dollar buyouts of Pixar (A corporate feat made easier for the fact that Iger and Jobs' wives had been roommates in university), Marvel, and Lucasfilm, easily making back their money by sitting back and just letting them do what they do best. He also restructured studio management appointing John Lasseter as overseer for Feature Animation, Pixar, and [=DisneyToon=] Studios, with the former getting back to its roots and no longer trying to compete with Pixar and the latter getting out of the cheapquel game and focusing more on higher quality works like the Tinkerbell franchise and the ''Cars'' spinoff, ''Planes''. As for Feature Animation, they managed to rebuild with a return to traditional animation with middling success like ''Disney/ThePrincessAndTheFrog'' and ''Disney/WinnieThePooh'', but really reestablished their place with successful CGI features like ''Disney/{{Tangled}}'', ''Disney/WreckItRalph'' and ''Disney/{{Frozen}}''. Furthermore, the essential innovative spirit of Disney found an echo again after so long as the studio suggested an artistic middle ground is possible with their Oscar winning short, ''WesternAnimation/{{Paperman}}'', that experimented with a visual technique that fused the best qualities of hand-drawn and digital animation. Iger is set to retire from Disney in 2018.

Over the years, Disney has acquired various other companies to join its mass media productions such as Creator/MiramaxFilms (in 1993), Creator/{{ABC}} in 1996 (a deal which included Creator/{{ESPN}} and Creator/DICEntertainment), [[Creator/ABCFamily The Family Channel]] from {{Creator/FOX}} in 2001, Franchise/TheMuppets in 2004[[note]]Meaning the troupe from ''Series/TheMuppetShow'' and subsequent movies; the ''Series/SesameStreet'' characters were sold outright to Sesame Workshop in 2001 (previously they were contract performers) while Series/FraggleRock and other JimHenson Company properties remain owned by the Henson Company, as does the Creature Shop effects house[[/note]], {{Pixar}} in 2006 (before they were merely the distributors of their films), and Creator/MarvelComics in 2009. Of those, Miramax and DIC were sold off (Miramax to an investor consortium named Filmyard Holdings in 2010, and DIC back to Andy Heyward in 2000). Since the ABC acquisition, Touchstone Television Studios (naturally the television division of Touchstone Pictures) has been renamed ABC Television Studios for better brand alignment. Likewise, The Family Channel was renamed ABC Family, though this has created an awkward situation as that network moves to air racier content away from the "family" image but is stuck with the "Family" name[[note]]When FOX originally acquired The Family Channel from The Christian Broadcast Network, it was contractually obligated to keep the word "Family" in the network's name in perpetuity, a stipulation which has carried over to the Disney purchase[[/note]]. Disney has also launched its own media ventures independent of these acquisitions. These include the cable outlets DisneyChannel, DisneyJunior and ToonDisney which in 2009 was relaunched as DisneyXD and Walt Disney Animation Studios, a brand new entity unrelated to any previous Disney animation studio that produces strictly animated content for television and primarily for the aforementioned cable outlets.

On October 30th 2012 they announced a 4 Billion dollar deal to purchase Lucasfilm[[note]]and by extension, Creator/IndustrialLightAndMagic[[/note]] and the rights to ''Franchise/StarWars'' with a seventh film now scheduled for 2015. Much like following the Marvel purchase, InternetBacklash ensued immediately with the expected cries of ruination from people who clearly have either forgotten about [[Film/TheAvengers that one movie]] that was a product of the Marvel acquisition or are ignorant of the fact that Disney has made [[Creator/TouchstonePictures non-Disney branded films]] [[Creator/HollywoodPictures for almost three decades]]; and how many complaints there were about Creator/GeorgeLucas' later handling of his ''Franchise/StarWars'' and ''Franchise/IndianaJones'' franchises.

See: NoteworthyDisneyStaff, Creator/DisneysNineOldMen and Creator/WaltDisney.

The company has also been a force in family programming for decades, with Disney-themed shows spanning all three "traditional" U.S. broadcast networks (see ''Series/WaltDisneyPresents'')

!!Disney media:

* WesternAnimation/AliceComedies (1923 - 1927)
* WesternAnimation/OswaldTheLuckyRabbit (1927 - 1928)
* WesternAnimation/ClassicDisneyShorts
** Franchise/MickeyMouse (1928 - 1953; 1983 - Present)
** Franchise/DonaldDuck (1937 - 1961)
** WesternAnimation/{{Goofy}} (1939 - 1961; 2007)
** WesternAnimation/PlutoThePup (1930 - 1951)
** WesternAnimation/SillySymphonies (1929 - 1939)
** WesternAnimation/MiscellaneousDisneyShorts: For shorts that aren't part of a recurring series.
* WesternAnimation/PixarShorts (1984 - Present)
* WesternAnimation/RogerRabbitShorts (1989 - 1993)
* ''Disney/TangledEverAfter'' (2012)
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Paperman}}'' (2012)
* ''Disney/FrozenFever'' (2015)

[[folder:Films - Animated]]
* Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon
* Creator/{{Pixar}}
* Other Feature Films
** ''WesternAnimation/DuckTalesTheMovieTreasureOfTheLostLamp''
** ''WesternAnimation/AGoofyMovie''
** ''Literature/JamesAndTheGiantPeach''
** ''WesternAnimation/Dougs1stMovie''
** ''WesternAnimation/RecessSchoolsOut''
** ''WesternAnimation/TeachersPet: The Movie''
** ''WesternAnimation/{{Frankenweenie}}''
** ''WesternAnimation/{{Planes}}''
*** ''WesternAnimation/PlanesFireAndRescue''
* Released under Creator/TouchstonePictures
** ''WesternAnimation/TheNightmareBeforeChristmas''
** ''WesternAnimation/GnomeoAndJuliet''
** ''WesternAnimation/StrangeMagic''
* Creator/WaltDisneyHomeVideo
** ''Disney/BeautyAndTheBeastTheEnchantedChristmas''
** ''WesternAnimation/MickeyDonaldGoofyTheThreeMusketeers''
* Distributed but not produced by Disney
** ''WesternAnimation/TheBraveLittleToaster''
** ''WesternAnimation/TheWild''
* Also see Creator/WaltDisneyAnimationUnits for animation studios outside of Pixar.

[[folder:Films - Live-Action]]
[[AC:Distribution Labels]]
* Creator/WaltDisneyPictures
* Creator/TouchstonePictures (1984-present)
* Creator/MiramaxFilms (1993-2010)
** Dimension Films (1993-2005)
* Creator/HollywoodPictures (1990-2001, 2006-2007)
* Disneynature (2008-present)
* [[Franchise/MarvelCinematicUniverse Marvel Studios]] (2012-present)

Also see Creator/WaltDisneyHomeVideo

* Creator/WaltDisneyTelevisionAnimation

[[AC:Networks and Programming Blocks]]
* A&E
* Creator/{{ABC}}
* Creator/ABCFamily
* Crime & Investigation Network
* WesternAnimation/TheDisneyAfternoon
* Creator/DisneyChannel
* Creator/DisneyXD
* Disney Junior[[note]]Early morning children's block. Originally Playhouse Disney, rebranded in 2011 and spun-off into its own network in 2012 replacing the now defunct [=SoapNET=] on most cable providers[[/note]]
* Creator/{{ESPN}}
* Fyi
* Creator/TheHistoryChannel
* Creator/{{H2}}
* Creator/{{Lifetime}}
* Lifetime Movie Network (LMN)
* OneSaturdayMorning
* Creator/ToonDisney

[[AC:Shows Not Covered by Any of the Above]]
* ''Film/TowerOfTerror'' (1997)
* ''Series/WaltDisneyPresents''

[[folder:Comics and Magazines]]
* ''Magazine/DisneyAdventures''
** ''ComicBook/TheLegendOfTheChaosGod'' (A [[WesternAnimation/TheDisneyAfternoon Disney Afternoon]] BatFamilyCrossover comic series)
* ComicBook/DisneyMouseAndDuckComics
** ComicBook/MickeyMouseComicUniverse
** ComicBook/DisneyDucksComicUniverse (including Creator/CarlBarks and Creator/DonRosa)
** ''Comicbook/TheLifeAndTimesOfScroogeMcDuck''
* ''ComicBook/WizardsOfMickey''
* ''ComicBook/DisneyKingdoms'' (imprint including ''Seekers of the Weird'', ''Figment'', and ''Big Thunder Mountain Railroad'')

[[folder:Video Games]]
* See Creator/DisneyInteractiveStudios for video games created by Disney Interactive Studios.

!!Video games created outside Disney Interactive Studios:
* ''VideoGame/TheBlackCauldron'' (1986)
* ''VideoGame/MickeyMousecapade'' (1987)
* ''Adventures in the Magic Kingdom'' (1990)
* ''VideoGame/CastleOfIllusion'' (1990)
** ''Land of Illusion'' (1992)
** ''VideoGame/WorldOfIllusion'' (1992)
** ''Legend of Illusion'' (1994)
* ''VideoGame/TheLittleMermaid'' (1991)
* ''VideoGame/{{Quackshot}}'' (1991)
* ''VideoGame/TheLuckyDimeCaper'' (1991)
** ''VideoGame/DeepDuckTrouble'' (1993)
* ''Darkwing Duck'' (1992)
* ''VideoGame/DisneysMagicalQuest'' trilogy (1992, 1994, 1995)
* ''VideoGame/AladdinCapcom'' (1993)
* ''VideoGame/AladdinVirginGames'' (1993)
* ''VideoGame/GoofTroop'' (1993)
* ''VideoGame/TheLionKing'' (1994)
* ''VideoGame/MickeyMania'' (1994)
* ''VideoGame/DonaldInMauiMallard'' (1995)
* ''VideoGame/MickeysSpeedwayUSA'' (2000)
* ''VideoGame/KinectDisneylandAdventures'' (somewhat of a SpiritualSuccessor to ''Adventures in the Magic Kingdom''; 2011)
* ''VideoGame/WheresMyWater'' series (2011-present)
* ''VideoGame/{{Mittens}}'' (2013)
* ''VideoGame/DisneyMagicalWorld'' (2014)

* ''Literature/TheKingdomKeepers''
* ''Literature/PeterAndTheStarcatchers''
* ''Literature/ATaleOf...''

* Franchise/{{DCLAU}}
* Franchise/DisneyChannelAnimatedUniverse
* Franchise/DisneyFairies
* Franchise/DisneyPrincess

[[folder:Theme Parks and Shows]]
* Ride/DisneyThemeParks
* Disney/DisneyOnIce
* ''Theatre/TheLionKing'' stage show

[[folder:Acquired Franchises]]
* Jumbo Pictures (1996-2000)
* Various Creator/SabanEntertainment[=/=]Creator/FoxKids shows, which came with the purchase of the Family Channel from Creator/{{Fox}} in 2001. Most notable was ''Franchise/PowerRangers'' (2001-2010), which Disney continued to produce.
* Creator/MarvelComics (see also Franchise/MarvelUniverse) (2009-present)
* ''Franchise/TheMuppets'' (2004-present)
* Creator/{{Lucasfilm}} (2012-present) This includes all companies and franchises under the banner, such as:
** ''Franchise/StarWars''
*** ''Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse'': New Expanded Universe canonically made for Disney's ''Star Wars''.
** ''Franchise/IndianaJones''. (initially, Disney had production and merchandising rights to Indy when it bought Lucasfilm, then acquired the full marketing and distribution rights a year later from Creator/{{Paramount}})

!!Trope Namer Of:
* AllAnimationIsDisney [[invoked]]
* DisneyAcidSequence
* DisneyCreaturesOfTheFarce
* DisneyDeath
** DisneyVillainDeath
* DisneyDogFight
* {{Disneyesque}}
* {{Disneyfication}}
* DisneyOwnsThisTrope
* DisneySchoolOfActingAndMime
* ImGoingToDisneyWorld