''Die Abrafaxe'' are a trio of kobold-like characters designed by artist Lona Rietschel and writer Lothar Dräger. They have been having adventures across time since their debut in January 1976 in the relaunch of the East German comic-book magazine ''ComicBook/{{Mosaik}}'', which netted them an entry in the Guiness Book of Records for the longest continuing comic-book story. They consist of dashing Abrafax, smart Brabax and chubby enjoyer of the fine things in life Califax. Since issue No. 200 they are accompanied by a nameless rat. With the Abrafaxe ''Mosaik'' continued to go from strength to strength, reaching a maximum print run of a million copies in 1984 (the total population of the GDR then numbered 17 million); it also successfully mastered the transition to capitalism after 1990. They continue to appear in ''Mosaik'' and various spin-offs, and since 2008 there is a quarterly spin-off series featuring their distaff counterparts, Anna, Bella, and Caramella. In both versions the protagonists get from one historical era to another via time portals for which they sometimes have to search a long time.

Both versions feature child-friendly adventures with a big helping of humour and education. Thus an issue of ''Mosaik'' will always contain, besides the monthly episode of the saga, some illustrated text features that deal with aspects of the country and historical era it is set in, from biology to, e. g. the legal status and living conditions of slaves during the Roman Empire or Latin words that entered the German language.

The adventures of the Abrafaxe have been translated into a number of foreign languages including Catalan, Chinese, Greek, Hungarian (Hungary is the series' most successful market outside of Germany), Russian, and Spanish, but so far not into English. Two Abrafaxe graphic novels were published in Welsh, though. German-speakers can consult [[http://mosapedia.de/wiki/index.php/Hauptseite the Mosapedia]].


* ActionGirl: Anna. Not that Bella and Caramella are shrinking violets.
* AlphabeticalThemeNaming: Abrax, Brabax, and Califax, and their female counterparts Anna, Bella, and Caramella.
* AncientEgypt: The Abrafaxe and their companion Sibylla arrive during the Amarna period and meet Queen Nefertiti (''Mosaik'' No. 234-254). Much [[UnrequitedLove to Brabax' regret]], Sibylla finds her Mr. Right in the shape of Jadu, a priest of Aton.
* AncientGreece: ''Mosaik'' No. 218-233 sees the Abrafaxe in Athens, Delphi and elsewhere on the eve of ThePeloponnesianWar. In the end they and the former Pythia Sibylla travel to Egypt, where they are sent back in time.
* UsefulNotes/{{Australia}}: The two-part Austrialian series (''Mosaik'' No. 430-458) first shows the Abrafaxe as part of the crew of H.M.S. ''Investigator'' during Matthew Flinders' circumnavigation of the continent (1802-1803) before a time-jump takes them to Sydney in 1847.
* BlondeBrunetteRedhead: Abrax (blond), Brabax (redhead), and Califax (black hair) and their respective counterparts Anna, Bella, and Caramella. They do not entirely conform to stereotype as in both trios the blonde is the fiery one, the redhead the smart one and the brunette the one who cooks and to whom you turn for making and mending clothes.
* ABoyAndHisX: Califax and the Rat.
* BreakoutCharacter: 16th-century Spanish villain Don Ferrando. He also travelled through time, and while travelling to Egypt during the time of Akhenaton the Abrafaxe discovered that he had become Pharaoh [[SdrawkcabName Odnarref Nod]] in another era, though he was (like Akhenaton) "erased from history" by later Egyptian rulers and priests. He also got a distaff counterpart in the form of his cousin Dona Ferentes.
* TheCavalierYears: A number of stories are set here:
** The very first arc (January 1976-December 1977) was set in Dalmatia and Venice in the 17th century.
** This was followed by an arc set in Hungary, Austria, Bavaria and France at the time of the UsefulNotes/WarOfTheSpanishSuccession (January 1978-December 1980).
** The Baroque series (No. 406-429) sees brainy Brabax as Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's private secretary in the 1690s while Abrax and Brabax are stuck in the France of Louis XIV.
* ColorCodedForYourConvenience: While the Abrafaxe usually adapt their dress to the period they find themselves in, Abrax and Anna usually dress in red, Brabax and Bella in green, and Califax and Caramella in blue.
* DatingCatwoman: Bella with recurring antagonist and occasional helper Count Tenebroso.
* TheGayNineties:
** The Orient Express arc (''Mosaik'' No. 283-299) is set in 1895 and takes the Abrafaxe from Victorian London to Mesopotamia, where they see the beginnings of the building of the [[{{Kaiserreich}} Bagdad Railroad]].
** The Abrafaxe return to the era for an international race around the world in the year 1898 (No. 344-357).
* TheHighMiddleAges: An extremely popular period with the creative collective:
** The final third of the Don Ferrando arc took him and the Abrafaxe through Palestine, Egypt and Mesopotamia in the 1270s. After the Don's disappearance in time the Abrafaxe have further adventures in India, Malaya and Japan before reaching [[UsefulNotes/DynastiesFromShangToQing Yuan Dynasty China]] in 1282 (January 1983-December 1991).
** Following that a leap in time brings them back to 1176, around the time of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa's defeat in the battle of Legnano (No. 193-207).
** The Templars arc (No. 358-381) is set ca. 1118 and involves the beginnings of TheKnightsTemplar and a search for the treasure of Prester John. It is followed by
** The Johanna arc (No. 382-405) set ca. 1250, in which the Abrafaxe meet Albertus Magnus and encounter Nicolas Flamel (who had appeared under a different name in the Templars arc).
* [[HistoricalDomainCharacter Historical Domain Characters]]: The heroes travel through time and it's a series that combines entertainment with education, so of course a number of supporting and background characters are taken from real life. This is not always immediately obvious, for instance in a story arc that took place in Germany and France in the middle of the 13th century (No. 382-405) it only emerged at the end that Johanna, the little girl who accompanied the Abrafaxe on their journey, would later become [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gertrude_the_Great St. Gertrude the Great]] (she [[TruthInTelevision changed her name on taking her vows]]).\\
A partial list includes [[DichterAndDenker Albertus Magnus]], Alcibiades, Francis Bacon, Nicolas Baudin, UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte[[note]] Not in the continuing saga, but in a special issue for the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Leipzig.[[/note]], UsefulNotes/AnneBonny[[note]] In the 2001 animated film and graphic novel ''Die Abrafaxe: Unter schwarzer Flagge''.[[/note]], UsefulNotes/CatherineTheGreat, UsefulNotes/SirFrancisDrake, Nicolas Flamel, Matthew Flinders, John Franklin (as a young midshipman), [[UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire Frederick Barbarossa]], Robert Hooke, Hugues de Payns, [[DichterAndDenker Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz]], Ludwig Leichhardt, UsefulNotes/LouisXIV, Queen Nefertiti, UsefulNotes/IsaacNewton, UsefulNotes/PeterTheGreat, [[Literature/TheTravelsOfMarcoPolo MarcoPolo]], Ferenc Rákóczi, Creator/{{Socrates}}, Sophocles, St. Thomas Aquinas, and [[UsefulNotes/PrussianKings Wilhelm II]][[note]] In the same special issue as Napoleon. [[/note]].
* LongRunner: The main story of the Abrafaxe has been appearing in monthly instalments in ''Mosaik'' since 1976.
* MarryForLove: The story arcs often involve a love story, which usually ends in this. A recent Anna, Bella and Caramella arc culminated with the historic wedding of Archduke Ferdinand (1529-1595) and merchant's daughter [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippine_Welser Philippine Welser]].
* MeaningfulName: Often the domain of original supporting characters and villains, but also applicable in the case of Bella and Caramella.
* MeijiRestoration: The Abrafaxe spend the arc from ''Mosaik'' No. 323 to 343 in Japan in the year 1872. There they meet the Prussian engineer Heinrich von Himmelgut (on a mission to help build Japanese railways), who falls in love with Toshiko, the daughter of a former samurai.
* OverlyLongName: Don Ferrando's full name is Marchese Ferrando Esteban Carotto Ruinez Totales en des Tillas Randales Festos.
* [[PublicDomainCharacter Public Domain Characters]]: A number of characters appearing in the Abrafaxes' adventures are this. During their early years they for instance met many folkloric jester archetypes such as Hans Wurst, Harlekin (Arlecchino from the Commedia dell'Arte), Hodsha Nasreddin etc. They also encountered Literature/DonQuixote, Sancho Pansa and [[Literature/TheBrothersKaramazov Dmitri Karamazov]]. In the 1996 graphic novel ''Mach's noch einmal, Robin!'', they shared an adventure with RobinHood and his Merry Men in a ShoutOut to ''Film/RobinAndMarian''.
* PunnyName: Have been known to appear. For instance in the Meiji Japan arc, two prominent antagonists was a Ninja duo called Ori and Gami.
* UsefulNotes/TheRenaissance:
** The original Don Ferrando arc (January 1981-December 1983) began in Spain in the early ''Siglo de Oro'' (in 1577, to be precise), before the Abrafaxe and the Don were sent back 300 years for the finale.
** In 1997 the Abrafaxe return to the year 1578, and Don Ferrando also makes a return appearance, this time searching for Eldorado. The adventure takes them on Francis Drake's circumnavigation of the Earth. (No. 255-282).
** Anna, Bella and Caramella's adventure featuring Philippine Welser is set in 16th century Augsburg and Bohemia.
* TheRoaringTwenties: The arc from ''Mosaik'' No. 301 to 322 is set in America in 1929. Prohibition-era gangsters abound, Abrax is a G-man and Califax makes a fortune selling hotdogs, but as he invests his profits on the stock market he loses it all on Black Friday.
* TheRomanEmpire: The current Abrafaxe arc, which started with ''Mosaik'' No. 459, is set during the reign of Emperor Trajan. The Abrafaxe have to help bring two Germanic children (the son and the daughter of two chiefs who want to have good relations with Rome) from the Rhine to Rome. Which brought them to Carthage, where they found a statue of Bella (she, Anna and Caramella had passed through the place in an adventure in 25 B.C.).
* SexySpectacles: Bella is the only one with a recurring romantic subplot.
* ShipperOnDeck: Caramella for Bella and Tenebroso.
* [[SpinOff Spin-Offs]]: Many, including newspaper comic strips, various graphic novels, adaptations into audio play and an animated movie (2001). The quarterly series centring on Anna, Bella, and Caramella still continues today.
* {{Tomboy}}: Anna, who does not like to wear dresses. Also some of the ever-changing supporting characters.