->''"Comics are words and pictures. You can do anything with words and pictures."''
-->-- '''Harvey Pekar'''

[[caption-width-right:350:Harvey Pekar in 1986 with a copy of his comic.]]
What is a ComicBook really, but words with pictures? Why, the words could be about anything, as long as the pictures matched. They don't have to be about extraordinary beings in fantastic settings, about {{Superhero}}es or {{Funny Animal}}s.

Why, really, they could just be about an ordinary man, with an ordinary life. They could even be autobiographical.

That's precisely what ''American Splendor'' was: the illustrated, sequential tales of ordinary, shlubby {{UsefulNotes/Cleveland}} file clerk Harvey Pekar, as told by ordinary, shlubby {{UsefulNotes/Cleveland}} file clerk Harvey Pekar himself (along with a variety of artists), documenting his generally mundane life from 1976 to his [[AuthorExistenceFailure death]] in 2010.

Due to the nature of the series, people from Harvey's life (such as his wife, Joyce and his foster daughter, Danielle) continually appear in the comics.

A film, ''American Splendor'', was released in 2003 starring Creator/PaulGiamatti as Pekar. The film both dramatizes Pekar's life story, and vignettes from his comic books. The real life Pekar, his wife Joyce and Pekar's friend Toby Radloff appear as themselves in several on-the-set documentary segments throughout the movie.

See also Creator/RobertCrumb, a friend and fellow jazz aficionado of Harvey's, who drew several ''American Splendor'' stories (and yes, was even featured in a few as a character).
* AdaptationalAttractiveness: In the story "A Marriage Album," Joyce is seen in a panel imagining the [[ArtShift various ways Harvey is drawn in the comic]], right before she meets him. Partially lampshaded in the movie, when Joyce talks to Harvey about it on the phone:
--> '''Joyce:''' You know, I don't really know what to expect. Sometimes you look like a younger Brando... but then the way Crumb draws you, you look... like a hairy ape, with all these wavy, stinky lines undulating off your body. I don't really know what to expect.
** Joyce is better looking in the movie than in real life.
** Harvey's smoky voice is much more subtle in the movie.
* AllJewsAreCheapskates: The story "Standing Behind Old Jewish Ladies in Supermarkets" is about the various incidents that Harvey (himself Jewish) observes of old Jewish ladies trying to get discounts. At the end of the story, he's astonished to encounter an old Jewish lady who actually ''gives back'' the extra change the cashier gave her by accident.
* AnachronicOrder: The majority of ''American Splendor'' is autobiographical, but it's rarely told in anything resembling the order in which it occurred.
* AndTheAdventureContinues: The final shot of the film is the cover for Harvey's book-of-the-making-of-the-film-of-the-book.
* UsefulNotes/ArabIsraeliConflict: ''Not The Israel My Parents Promised Me'' is about Harvey's opinions on the subject.
* AuthorAppeal[=/=]GeniusBonus: Harvey enjoyed jazz albums and was an avid collector (and in fact he wrote many jazz album reviews for several publications), so there were a LOT of references to jazz musicians and songs in the comic book.
* ContemplateOurNavels: Practically raised to an art form- stories feature Harvey doing this then letting it go, doing to cope with some event, doing it even though his life is too mundane to warrant it, doing it because his life is so mundane that there's not much else to do, and a dozen other variations.
* ADateWithRosiePalms: Harvey does this in one story as a way to mellow out and alleviate his loneliness. Except it doesn't help, and it's a {{squick}}y scene anyway (but thankfully we get a DiscretionShot).
* DeathByIrony: Harvey was on antidepressants to make himself feel better. He died by accidentally overdosing on them.
* FirstLawOfTragicomedies: Okay, so Harvey's a gloomy guy anyway, but the movie is a lot lighter and funnier at the beginning when it juxtaposes the live action actors with comic illustrations, and the actors with the real life Harvey, Joyce, and Toby. Then the movie takes a turn for the dramatic right around the scene where a passerby recognizes Movie!Harvey as the funny guy from [[Series/LateNight the Letterman show]].
* ForHalloweenIAmGoingAsMyself: A non-supernatural example. The movie begins with Harvey as a child, trick-or-treating as himself in contrast with other kids dressing as superheroes. ''This is a fictional event invented by the screenwriters''.
* FourthDateMarriage: Joyce and Harvey, and they stayed married up to his death in 2010. In "A Marriage Album," Joyce talks about it:
--> '''Joyce:''' But it was just like being at a flea market--you see one thing you never expected to find there and [[CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming it's so special you've gotta have it]], even if it's going to take all your money and you don't know how you'll ever get it home.
* FunetikAksent: Harvey used this for people with ethnic accents, including those with African-American urban accents and Yiddish accents. Harvey even occasionally wrote himself with a Midwestern American accent.
* HopeSpot: Featured in the one page story "Kaparra," when a former concentration camp inmate tells Harvey a story about a Nazi fence guard accidentally shooting a camp guard who had just bullied the inmate moments before.
-->"Ven dat heppened, I knew some vay I vas gonna make it through alive."
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Harvey. In the comics, he's moody quite a bit and doesn't suffer fools gladly. But he usually openly admits it, and he's really not a bad guy.
* MandatoryMotherhood: Harvey got a vasectomy at 35. Decades later, Harvey and Joyce became foster parents to Danielle.
* TheMovie: Starring Paul Giamatti as Harvey, with Harvey Pekar and people from his life being interviewed and showing up in archival clips.
* NoFourthWall: Ohh so often. Quite a few comics have Harvey's avatar addressing the audience directly. Then there's the movie...
* NWordPrivileges: Harvey told of having been accused of anti-Semitism for stories like "Standing Behind Old Jewish Ladies in Supermarkets", despite being Jewish himself. In the same story, a black fan of Harvey's asks him about the way he portrays other black people; Harvey explains that he always asks if he can use their stories in his work, since most of the people he writes about work with him at his day job and doesn't want to alienate them.
* [[RealLifeWritesThePlot Real Life Writes The Entire Comic Series]]
* RealPersonCameo: All the time. Especially in "Grubstreet, U.S.A." (where he meets Wallace Shawn), and ''definitely'' in "Our Movie Year," which was about the making of the ''American Splendor'' movie. And Creator/RobertCrumb is depicted in various comics too, of course.
* RealityIsUnrealistic: In the film, both Paul Giamatti and Judah Friedlander sit watching Harvey and Toby argue over jellybeans, to show that neither Giamatti nor Friedlander are exaggerating or mugging in any way - and that Harvey and Toby ''really act that way''.
* ShowWithinAShow: The self-referential play within the movie.
* SliceOfLife
* SpiritualSuccessor: To the works of Creator/JackKerouac. In fact, in the forward to the first ''American Splendor'' collection, Robert Crumb mentions that Harvey is the type of person who wouldn't be out of place in a Kerouac novel.
* SplitScreenPhoneCall: Used in a phone conversation in the movie between Harvey and Joyce.
* StickFigureComic: Harvey's art style, which he then gives along with the dialog to the artists who will pen the actual comic.
* UndergroundComics: Initially a self-published and distributed comic book. Later distributed by Creator/DarkHorseComics, and later still Creator/VertigoComics, an imprint of Creator/DCComics.
* VomitIndiscretionShot: Vomit after a kiss.
* WallOfText: Quite a bit, though in ''American Splendor'', the artwork itself isn't the focus--it helps frame the narrative, and it keeps the story going.
* WhiteVoidRoom: Many comics just feature Harvey talking in front of a white background.