This is about the various personality, wealth, gender, and moral and societal standing stereotypes connected to the fur, feather, scale, or skin color or colors of animals. For example, white-furred cats, rabbits, and mice and white feathered doves and geese tend to have stereotypes such as innocence, elegance, purity, and being wealthy and high class attached to them. They are often portrayed as female. White-furred dogs, unless they have powderpuff-looking fur, seem to be an exception to this general kind of portrayal of white-colored animals for the most part. Male animals also tend to be darker than female animals in fiction. Also, Dark Is Evil and Light is Good can generally be applied to most species: a dark-coloured individual will be mean, the light-coloured will be nice. Polar bears are often an exception to the Light is Good tendency, as they are often dangerous. Different countries and cultures have different stereotypes for a particular color of a given species of animal. This is different from Typical Cartoon Animal Colors, which is the stock coloring of a given species of animal in a cartoon or other fictional work (i.e., pink pigs, green gators and frogs, yellow-beaked crows and ravens). Supertrope to the fur color side of Cat Stereotype, White Bunny, and Pale Females, Dark Males. Compare Color-Coded for Your Convenience. Not to be confused with Typical Cartoon Animal Colors.
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White Fur, Feathers, Scales, or SkinIndicates innocence, elegance, purity, and being wealthy and high class.
Rabbits and Hares
White, Albino, or Light Grey FurIndicates innocence, gentleness, and purity. Can be evil or vicious as a deliberate subversion. White is mostly a domestic rabbit fur color, though the winter fur color of the Snowshoe hare is also white. See White Bunny for examples.
Grey or Brown FurIndicates a Rascally Rabbit. This is the typical color of wild rabbits and hares.
CatsSee Cat Stereotype for more examples.
White or Silver Chinchilla-Colored FurIndicates wealth, prestige, elegance, and purity. Often longhaired Angora or Persian cats. Usually female, especially when paired with an orange cat.
Orange FurIndicates a humble and/or heroic cat, or alternately a fat and lazy one. Often male, and usually male when paired with a white cat.
Black FurIndicates bad luck in the US and Catholic Europe. Indicates good luck in the UK, Australia, and Asia. Often magical, mysterious, or a witch's familiar.
Black and White FurIndicates a brave or hopeful but unsuccessful cat. Can play black cat stereotypes if a tuxedo or mitted cat.
Tabby-Patterned FurTabby cats have much the same kind of significance as orange ones, heroic and/or humble. However, the cat can be either male or female.
Rats and Mice
White and Albino FurIndicates an experimental lab animal (but not The Lab Rat, that's for humans who work in labs). The albino and white colors are pretty much confined to domestic mice and rats.
Bears (Except Polar Bears and Giant Pandas)
Dark Grey, Dark Brown, or Black FurIndicates a mean or dangerous bear.
Brown, Light Brown, Grey, or Light Grey FurIndicates a Beary Friendly and/or Beary Funny one.
White FeathersSymbolizes peace.
Blue FeathersSymbolize happiness or are happy. See Bluebird of Happiness for examples.
Birds in General
Yellow FeathersIndicates a cute and childlike bird. Chicks in fiction will almost always be yellow and fluffy, regardless of species.
Black, Dark Brown, or Black and Tan FurIndicates an Angry Guard Dog. Justified, as Dobermans and Rottweilers are normally black and tan.
All-White or Mostly White FurIndicates an intelligent, on the side of good, or protagonist dog. Most often Male. If mostly white, the dog usually has black ears or less commonly a black patch on its back, but is otherwise all-white.
All-White, Powderpuff-Looking FurIndicates a showy, cute, feminine-looking, or powderpuff-looking Poodle, Bichon Frise, or other dog of similar appearance. Often Female, but can be male. Can be on the side of good like the aforementioned white dog stereotype.