In most productions of film, television, and theatre, the work is split up between a large number of people, mostly due to the fact that individuals tend to specialize in a specific part of the artistic process. Some are actors, others writers, editors, etc
Occasionally, though, you'll find a work where a single person is credited in a whole bunch of the tasks. Sometimes this is because they couldn't afford anybody else
, other times it's because they wanted complete control
, other times it's just because that's how they work.
This is often seen as a sign of dedication or ego, but what can't be denied is that a multihyphenate almost always indicates that whomever holds the credits is Doing It for the Art
Sister-trivia to Written By Cast Member
and Directed by Cast Member
. For a musical example, see I Am the Band
- For most of his movies made after 1991, James Cameron has served as the producer-writer-director-editor
- John Carpenter directed, produced, wrote, composed and acted in Assault on Precinct 13 and Halloween1978. He directed, wrote, composed and acted in The Fog and Big Trouble in Little China.
- Shane Carruth, of Primer fame, served as the film's writer-producer-director-star-editor-composer. For his latest film, Upstream Color, he does all of that and serves as the cinematographer, too!
- When making films in his native China, Jackie Chan has served at times as the writer-producer-director-star-choreographer, though like Clint Eastwood, generally not all at once.
- Charlie Chaplin wrote, directed, produced, starred in, and composed the music for many of his films.
- The Coen Brothers have served as writer-producer-director-editors on nearly all their films, although due to union regulations, their editing is done under the pseudonym "Roderick Jaynes".
- Attack of the Killer Tomatoes!: costumes-production management-assistant director-second unit director-properties-all purpose bit player-location scout Costa Dillon, producer-editor-music composer-music editor John De Bello
- In a number of his films, Clint Eastwood serves as the producer-director-star-composer, though usually not all four at once.
- Tyler Perry movies are famous for this. He does the acting, the music, the writing...you name it.
- RZA served as the writer-director-star-composer for his kung fu epic The Man with the Iron Fists, creating a bit of confusion in the credits where, depending on the role, he is credited as either "RZA" "The RZA".
- For production of Coraline, Henry Selick served as the writer-producer-director-production designer.
- Orson Welles co-wrote, directed, produced, and starred in Citizen Kane, as well as many of his other films for that matter. After Welles served as writer-director-producer-star on The Lady From Shanghai for example, studio head Harry Cohn swore off hiring a single person to do all the jobs ever again, because it made the person impossible to fire.
- The tendency of Welles to do this was parodied in the The Adventures of Tintin comic "Red Rackham's Treasure", where Captain Haddock walks into a column bearing a poster for a film called Me, with Orson Welles, Orson Welles, and Orson Welles. (In the original French, the poster is for Moi with Sacha Guitry, Sacha Guitry, and Sacha Guitry.)
- In The Room, Tommy Wiseau serves as the writer-director-star-executive producer-producer. No, that last one is not a typo.
- Ed Wood wrote, produced, and directed Plan 9 from Outer Space
- Louis C.K. is the writer, producer, director, editor, and star of the sitcom Louie.
- Lena Dunham writes, produces, directs, and stars in her HBO series Girls.
- Jack Webb served as the producer-director-star of Dragnet as well as the revival series Dragnet 1967.
- Touhou might be the ultimate example, "Team Shanghai Alice" consists of one man, who normally does all of the graphics, sound and programming for each game himself.