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The musical style of a cappella
is music performed without musical instruments. The name comes from Italian for "in the manner of the chapel" because it was not possible to use instruments in churches. [[note]]Originally, the style contrasted with cantata, which is singing accompanied by instruments. There was also a difference between polyphony and concertato style. Today it simply means unaccompanied vocal music.[[/note]]
It may include singing, vocal sound effects, and sound effects made with the body like clapping or slapping. There are several traditional and modern movements such as religious music, choirs, barbershop, doo-wop, doit, beatboxing and so on.
Traditionally, religious music and holidays song like Christmas carols might be performed without any instrumental accompaniment. Also gospel music and choir performances often don't feature any instruments.
Barbershop is uniquely American art style, typical by consonant four-part chords for every melody sung in homophony. They usually perform easily understandable lyrics and easy melodies. You may also recognize them by their striped outfits with straw hats
Doit is vocal ornamentation used in jazz music. Doo-wop is a style of vocal-based rhythm and blues music developed in black communities in the 1940s, achieving mainstream popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Beatboxing is a close concept and a form of vocal percussion. Musicians produce drum beats, rhythm, and sounds with only their mouth, lips, tongue or voice. It's connected with Hip Hop
, but not exclusively.
Musical talent shows frequently have the auditions part sung a cappella.
Tons and tons of Youtubers do a cappella
covers of various songs and sometimes create and sing new ones.
Examples from media:
Live Action TV
Music - Groups
- On American Idol auditionees have to sing a cappella during the first rounds, however, later in competition they sing with backing music.
- The Sing-Off was a talent show on NBC specifically for a cappella groups.
- Friends: Monica's pretentious boyfriend of a poet called her (and later owned he meant all American women) an empty vase in his poem. Monica got her revenge via barbershop quartet that performed a cappella.
- Andy from The Office was a member of an a cappella group at Cornell.
- Da Ali G Show: Ali G is a wannna-be hip-hop artist and he would do beatboxing from time to time, often improvising on the topic that was discussed. As if the guests were not trolled enough already.
- On Glee, Blaine's group the Dalton Academy Warblers is an all-male a capella group (played by the Real Life Tufts University Beelzebubs).
- NewsRadio had an episode where Dave was visited by the other three members of his a capella group.
- There was an episode of Two Guys, a Girl and a Pizza Place where the Girl had visions of an a capella group that would appear out of nowhere and sing Wilson Phillips songs.
Music - Specific Songs and Albums
- The Blanks: A cappella group fronted by Sam Lloyd who plays Ted Buckland on Scrubs. The band has made many appearances on Scrubs, introducing themselves as The Worthless Peons. They have covered many things ranging from commercial jingles to TV show theme songs.
- Rockapella, the House Band from Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?
- The Bobs, a novelty a cappella group.
- Bobby McFerrin, for instance his famous "Don't Worry, Be Happy".
- The group "DaVinci's Notebook" was a cappella.
- Visa Röster: A group doing Chiptunes a cappella. Mostly tunes from Commodore64 games.
- Van Canto is an a cappella metal band, which besides using real drums creates all of the guitar effects vocally, and covers the songs of other metal bands.
- The German band Die Prinzen made many a cappella songs and are quite famous for this style.
- Janis Joplin, "Mercedes Benz". It is an a cappella song written by singer Janis Joplin with the poets Michael McClure and Bob Neuwirth. In the song, the singer asks the Lord to buy her a Mercedes-Benz, a color TV, and a "night on the town".
- Queen, "We Will Rock You". The song is generally set in a cappella form, using only stomping and clapping as a rhythmic beat, except at the very end, which has a guitar solo. "We Will Rock You" has been covered, remixed, sampled, parodied,homaged, referenced and used by multiple recording artists, TV shows, films and other media.
- Kelis has a song called Acapella: Listen to it here. Strangely, the song is not A Cappella, but there was a version done in that mode.
- The Futureheads have a handful of a cappella songs, and they brought out a whole a cappella album, including a cover of Kelis song. See it here.
- The song "Ievan Polkka" [[note]]The name is commonly misspelled Levan polkka, due to the similarity of lower-case L and upper-case i[[/note]] (Finnish for "Eva's Polka") is a Finnish song with lyrics written in the early 1930s by Eino Kettunen to a traditional Finnish polka tune. It is also known as "Loituma's Polka" (or "Loituma's Polkka") because it resurfaced after an a cappella performance by the Finnish quartet Loituma. A part of the song was used for the Internet meme "Loituma Girl" (also known as "Leek Spin").
- "Tom's Diner" is an a cappella pop song written in 1981 by American singer-songwriter Suzanne Vega. It's about impressions and feelings of a woman in a city during one morning. She did later also an instrumental version of the song.
- Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young's "Find the Cost of Freedom" is an A Cappella song with lots of harmonizing that they regularly used to finish off concerts.
- Tori Amos's "Me and a Gun" is a quiet vocal solo about her experience with rape.
- Claire Hamill's 1986 New Age album Voices consists entirely of Hamill's multitracked vocalisations. An instrumental album without instruments, so to speak.
- Billy Joel's "The Longest Time", from a singer/songwriter who normally plays either the piano or guitar.
- Some of the songs on Björk's Medulla are a cappella.
- Florence + the Machine's cover of Robert Palmer's "Addicted to Love" is a cappella for the first verse only.
- Big Daddy's cover of "Eye of the Tiger" is done In the Style of... an a cappella street corner do-wop group.
- In The Music Man (both the stage play and the film) Professor Harold Hill teaches the four squabbling members of the school board to sing Barbershop. All of their performances from then on are a capella. All the other songs, performed by anyone else, have orchestral accompaniment. (In both the original production and the film, the School Board was played by the 1950 International Quartet Champions of the Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barber Shop Quartet Singing in America (SPEBSQSA).)
- Lunar: The Silver Star: Luna/Althena's "Song" from Lunar Silver Star Story. Here is a youtube link. This song is used as a kind of "theme" that's attempted by others in singing, though tempo and quality varies. It's kind of the game's "staple song" and is incredibly familiar to all who've played the game in any of its incarnations.
- Ni GHTS Into Dreams: Christmas NiGHTS Into Dreams has an a cappella version of the game's main vocal theme "Dreams Dreams" over the credits.
- Super Mario Sunshine has secret levels in which the background music is an a cappella version of the original Super Mario Bros' theme.
- There was a quartet performance in ''Bioshock Infinite, performed by the real life quartet A Mighty Wind.
- In one flashback episode of The Simpsons, Homer, Skinner, Apu and Barney performed as Be Sharps, a barbershop quartet and they are epically successful. Their career path mirrored The Beatles.