In most cases, no one individual will have every trait—they'll be spread around the whole crew, for variety. Expect the captain to get a fancier suit (perhaps a Badass Longcoat) and the most impressive hat; crew members are more likely to wear a bandana, breeches and a simple shirt (often striped). The most overt examples will be emblazoned with a skull and crossbones. Bonus points if they also Talk Like a Pirate.
This image of pirates can pretty much be traced directly to Robert Louis Stevenson, who single-handedly codified the parrot and peg-leg image with Long John Silver. (The hook was popularized later by Peter Pan's Captain Hook.)
That's not to say it has nobasis in reality, with some notorious Real Life pirates wearing parts of the ensemble. Edward "Blackbeard" Teach, for instance, got his trope-namingmoniker from his Beard of Barbarism, and due the primitiveness of medicine at the time it was common to see sailors with missing appendages (amputation being a comparatively safer solution to severe limb injuries than trying to let it heal in one piece).
Subtrope of Pirate, of course. Often seen in Gangplank Galleon.
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In an ad for FreeCreditReport.com a man sings the jingle; in his story his credit went to hell and now he has to work as a singing waiter in a pirate-themed restaurant.
Anime and Manga
Captain Ash and his crew in Mobile Suit Gundam AGE dress like this in a Space Pirates kind of way. Ash's Dark Hound Gundam even has a pirate hat with a skull-and-crossbones with a targeting mechanism that looks like an eyepatch.
The pirates in the fourth Ice Age movie can pull this look without actually wearing any clothes. For example, Captain Gutt is a giant ape whose fur looks like a tricorner hat and a cape.
Film - Live-Action
The Pirates of the Caribbean series puts its own spin on the costumes, but still hits the major notes: parrot, beards, eyepatches, hats, bandanas, everything short of a hook.
Fast Times at Ridgemont High: Brad ends up working at a pirate-themed restaurant and realized how low his life has sunk when he catches a look at himself in his own rear view mirror making a delivery dressed as a pirate.
Muppet Treasure Island, being based on the trope codifier, naturally follows this motif. Long John is particularly resplendent once he shows his true colors.
Gideon Defoe's The Pirates books use these as the only identifiers for the otherwise nameless characters - the Pirate Captain, the pirate with the wooden leg, the pirate with the hook, etc. In the movie, one of the pirates has a wooden nose.
The Pyrates manages to hit every major pirate stereotype. This includes all variations of the standard pirate outfit.
Dungeons & Dragons: The Complete Adventurer sourcebook for 3.5 edition includes rules for a "Dread Pirate" prestige class, accompanied by an illustration of a swashbuckling pirate sporting the standard beard, bandana, loose breeches, and Badass Longcoat.
RuneScape: All of the stock traits appear on various pirate NPCs: bandanas, tricorner hats, eyepatches, a hook-hand, a captain's hat with a skull-and-crossbones on it, etc. Most of them are also available as wearable equipment, and there is a parrot...well, a zombie parrot ("ex-ex-parrot") available as a pet as a reward for a pirate-related quest.
Team Fortress 2: The Demoman has an eyepatch by default, but the "Swashbuckler's Swag" outfit adds a peg-leg, a bottle of rum, and a captain's bicorne with piratey Flavor Text. Also of note are the Rimmed Raincatcher hat and the Soldier's Brawling Buccaneer outfit.
Faris of Final Fantasy V has a Badass Longcoat and a Sailor's Ponytail in the concept art, although her sprite looks different, and her crew look the same as all the others. Also, the Cannoneer job uses this kind of clothing (although you can call it a navy outfit, too), and the Skeleton enemies in the Ship Graveyard have bandannas and—somehow—beards.
Well, as Mrs. Krabappel already mentioned, the name of the book that I read was Treasure Island. It's about these pirates, (Looks at the illustrated cover of the book.) pirates with patches over their eyes, (Looks at cover.) and shiny gold teeth, (Looks at cover.) and green birds on their shoulders. Did I mention this book was written (Looks at cover.) by a guy named Robert Louis Stevenson? (Looks at cover.) And published by the good people at McGraw-Hill. So, in conclusion, on the Simpson scale of one to ten—ten being the highest, one being the lowest and five being average—I give this book a nine.
In "Aargh!", Mr. Krabs goes treasure hunting with SpongeBob and Patrick dressed in fancy pirate captain duds, and gives his two underlings some pirate wear to match. SpongeBob puts on two peg legs and calls himself Peggy the Pirate, while Patrick wears eyepatches on both eyes as Blindbeard the Pirate.
Codename: Kids Next Door features the candy-themed pirate villain Stickybeard, who wears an eyepatch, a black hat with a skull on it, a Blackbeard-style beard (with candy stuck in it), and a peg-leg and hook-hand both made from candy canes.
Youngblood of Danny Phantom is seen in full hook-and-pegleg regalia, complete with skull-and-crossbones hat.
In one Muppet BabiesImagine Spot, the gang finds themselves talking to a crew of pirates, and when one of them demands to know whose crew they're on, they says they're Nanny's crew. Gonzo then goes a bit overboard in describing her as a great pirate, with a patch over both eyes, two hook hands and two peg legs.
Five hats means that five tropers think it is ready to publish.
You are saying that you think this draft is ready to be published. That means the description is not ambiguous,
it doesn't duplicate an existing trope, there are at least three examples, and the title makes sense.
Is that what you meant to do?
You are saying this draft has a ready-to-publish hat it does not deserve and you are taking it back.