Created By: K.Kloga on September 17, 2014 Last Edited By: Basara-kun on October 2, 2017
Troped

Adaptation Amalgamation

A work is adapted not from one, but two or more different sources, combined into one plot.

Name Space:
Main
Page Type:
Trope
Sometimes there are not enough source material/original ideas for a complete work, like a book, or a movie. The result is this: a work adapted from more then one source material.

That method also sometimes used to cover the tracks in cases when plot was meant to be original but is too similar to plagiarism from some other work. The solution is to either purchase rights for something similar (yet not so expensive), or just add additional layers to the story from the other source which will confuse lawyers enough not to tell where it was plagiarised from.

Compare to Crossover, Composite Character and X Meets Y. Often crosses with Dolled-Up Installment, but not always. May be a rare example of Adaptation Distillation and Adaptation Expansion at the same time. May take place IN SPACE!. Also compare Merging the Branches, where the later canon combines several previously mutually exclusive story branches, and Fusion Fic, where the amalgamation only occurs in the fanfiction. See also Cut-and-Paste Translation and its more pejorative synonym Macekre, both mainly for Anime.


Examples

    open/close all folders 

     Anime and Manga 

    Comic Books 

     Fan Fiction 

     Films - Live-Action 
  • A lot of movies are adapted (most of them - uncredited and unofficially) from two novels by Dashiell Hammett, The Red Harvest and The Glass Key, which are actually completely unrelated safe for the same genre and writer.
    • Yojimbo by Akira Kurosawa was this to a lesser extent but spawned A LOT of unofficial adaptations on its own, most of which contain at least one significant moment from The Glass Key and main plot patterns of The Red Harvest. The primary example is A Fistful of Dollars, which was considered a plagiarism of Yojimbo in court. Ironically enough, official remake of Yojimbo, Last Man Standing heavily borrows elements from both The Red Harvest and A Fistful of Dollars.
    • The Coen Brothers film Miller's Crossing also combines these novels by Hammett, but borrows elements from both nearly 50% to 50%.
  • Russian 1995 Movie The Eggs of Doom (Rokovye yaytsa) was adapted from the short novel by famous writer Mikhail Bulgakov, but had many scenes, characters and themes actually borrowed from his most known work, The Master and Margarita.
  • Scary Movie was an amalgam of two separate screenplays.
  • Soviet 1987 surreal cult film Assa was adapted from an unpublished short story and song Hello, Bananan Boy but has excerpts from historical novel The Edge of the Centuries by Nathan Eidelman, which one of the characters reads, adapted as well.
  • RoboCop. Screenwriter Edward Neumeier had written a screenplay about a robot that becomes a cop. When he met fellow writer Michael Miner it turned out that Miner was working on a screenplay about a human cop becoming a robot. They decided to combine the ideas and RoboCop was the result.
  • Any Die Hard sequel is there because all of them were based, mostly, on unrelated source material.
  • Often what is to expect when you have action or horror movie from Bollywood: they have a shortage of ideas in this so they produce tons of unofficial remakes (and they've started to have a shortage there, as well: The Godfather was remade at least 7 times, for example). A particular example is a movie named Commando (no, not that one) by Bubbar Subhash starring Mithun Chakraborti which combines Romancing the Stone with American Ninja.
  • After seeing The Terminator, Harlan Ellison thought that it was this for his two obscure teleplays for The Outer Limits: "The Soldier" and "Demon With a Glass Hand". If so, it was very minimal, but Ellison sued the filmmakers, succeeded, and had his name added to end credits. Which makes one wonder why he didn't sue the creators of Soldier, which was basically his short story/teleplay "Soldier" recycled in the universe of Blade Runner (which also makes an example of the trope).
  • Blade Runner itself qualifies. The film was based on Philip K. Dick's novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?, but the title and term "blade runner" were taken from the totally unrelated Alan E. Nourse novel The Bladerunner and screenplay adapted from it by William Birroughs, Blade Runner: The Movie. Ridley Scott specifically purchased the rights for the title and both Nourse and Burroughs were credited in the end credits.
  • The screenplay for Naked Lunch is based not only on William Burroughs' novel, but also on other fiction by him (in particular, first half of the movie is mostly based on The Exterminator), and autobiographical accounts of his life.
  • Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles movies of the The '90s (especially the first one) were primarily adapted from the original 1984 Mirage comics (first movie has mostly adapted Rapahel one-shot special and the firs issue) but also included elements of the 1987 animated show (logo, Lighter and Softer approach, color-coding of the turtles and, as well, April being a repoter and rescued by Turtles from street punks).
  • The Lawnmower Man is a rather weird example, which was "adapted" from a short story by Stephen King using it as an In-Name-Only stunt for an original screenplay. King sued filmmakers to remove his name from the credits, and, especially, film's marketing. It is weird because a) King actually liked the film and it has a lot of his common themes in it; b) film actually featured a scene adapted straight from a short story and a dialogue between two policemen taken line-to-line from it.
  • Akira Kurosawa's Rashomon combines elements from two different Ryuonosuke Akutagawa stories. Most of the plot came from "In a Grove", while the framing device (of travelers trapped in a gate because of a rainstorm) and title came from "Rashomon".
  • In 1974, a pair of movie studios, 20th century Fox and Warner Brothers, had the rights to different books about a skyscraper on fire: "The Tower" and "The Glass Inferno". Rather than try to compete with each other the studios decided to team up, combining both books into The Towering Inferno.
  • As a general rule, most live action Superhero movies generally take elements from a few different storylines from that title with mixed results. For example:
  • The film Return to Oz takes elements from two of the Oz books by L Frank Baum: The Marvelous Land of Oz (which does not feature Dorothy as a character) and Ozma of Oz, as well as the 1973 non-fiction book Wisconsin Death Trip as a historical source.
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides is a combination of On Stranger Tides and characters and plotlines from the previous Pirates of the Caribbean movies.
  • After the James Bond movies started running out of novels to adapt, there were a couple which combined two short stories (usually with a bunch of extra stuff added even so). For Your Eyes Only combines the plots of "For Your Eyes Only" and "Risico", while Octopussy combines plot elements from "Octopussy" and "The Property of a Lady".
  • The 2010 Alice in Wonderland (2010) film is based on a combination of Alice's Adventures Underground and Alice Through The Looking-Glass. The sequel is, despite debate, in face only based on ATTLG, as this story included Lewis Carroll's poem "The Jabberwocky" (on which the film is also partly based) as some of its prose. Of course, this is only very loosely based on Carroll's work, as pretty much the only things in common are a couple of character names and the premise of a world Down the Rabbit Hole.
  • Peter Jackson's The Hobbit film trilogy incorporates a number of scenes and elements from The Lord of the Rings that weren't used in Jackson's earlier LOTR films. These include the appearance of the Maiar Radagast the Brown and Saruman deriding him as a weirdo, both of which were related after the fact by Gandalf in The Fellowship of the Ring. It also borrows plot elements from the appendices of The Lord of the Rings and some of Tolkien's writings that were published after his death. Since the studio didn't own the film rights to the latter, they had to do some Writing Around Trademarks. Still, big chunks of the movies (Azog's vendetta, Kili and Tauriel's romance, Laketown's politics) are original material that Peter Jackson's team came up with.
  • The first live-action Astérix film combines plots of several of the comics, including Obelix getting a crush on Panacea as he did in "Asterix the Legionary", the phony soothsayer from "Asterix and the Soothsayer", the Druid conference from "Asterix and the Goths", Getafix's abduction by the Romans to make the magic potion for them from "Asterix the Gaul" and the characters fighting in Gladiator Games like in "Asterix the Gladiator". There is also a number of smaller references from other comics, including a conversation between Brutus and Caesar that is taken from "Asterix and Cleopatra" and the Big Bad, Lucius Detritus is partially based on Tullius Detritus, the main antagonist of "Asterix and the Roman Agent" (Tortuous Convolvulus in the English translation of the comic). The sequels also combine elements from various comics but not nearly as many as the first.
  • Everest (2015) was based on the memoirs of several of the climbers rather than being a straight adaptation of just one, as the previous TV movie about the disaster had been.

     Films - Animated 
  • In a case of What Could Have Been, Disney originally planned on making a film that combined the stories of Reynard the Fox and Chanticleer the Rooster, but it was rejected, so they instead made a Funny Animal version in the 1970's that eventually became Robin Hood. The final version of Robin Hood is technically a combination of the Robin Hood legends and the Reynard the Fox/Chanticleer movie Disney originally planned. Don Bluth later created Rock-A-Doodle in the 1990's.
  • Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie combines elements from the first four books, including the Captain's origin from the first book, Professor Poopypants as a villain from the fourth, the Turbo Toilet 2000 and Invention Convention from the second, and zombie-fied children from the third book.
  • The first Tintin animated movie combines the plots of The Crab With The Golden Claws, The Secret Of The Unicorn and a bit of Red Rackham's Treasure into one unique plot.
  • Disney's animated version of Alice in Wonderland closely follows the plot of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, but adds characters from Through the Looking Glass, specifically Tweedledum and Tweedledee, the Walrus and the Carpenter, the talking flowers and the Tulgey Woods from "Jabberwocky".

     Literature 
  • The Kalevala is an Adaptation Distillation of lots of otherwise unrelated tales and myths from Finnish Oral Tradition.
  • Discworld
  • In-universe in Grand Central Arena, there's a significant recurring plot point involving a work that's a mash-up of E. E. “Doc” Smith's Lensman and Skylark Series.
  • The Bible and its books are actually an amalgamation of multiple texts. However, there are many debates as to what originated from one text, what originated from multiple texts, how many texts they originated from and so on. For instance, The Pentateuch or The Torah are believed by many scholars to be an amalgamation of four different documents titled as J, E, P, and D by scholars.
  • Judge Dee: The recurring characters come from the author's translation of the first part of Dee Goong An, which was intriguing because of the way it fit Western standards of detective stories better than traditional Chinese ones (the murderer is not known to the audience, the mystery isn't solved by direct supernatural intervention, etc.). The plots of each story were taken from various Chinese criminology texts, with the sources explained in each book's afterword.
  • Geary Gravel's Batman: The Animated Series tie-in novels, with the exception of the one adapting The Movie, combined multiple plots from the series, since half-hour episodes meant even a two-parter would be slim pickings on its own. Shadows of the Past combines several episodes revolving around the origins of Batman and his assistants, Dual to the Death combines two Two-Face two-parters, and The Dragon and the Bat brings together all the episodes featuring the ninja Kyodai Ken.

     Live-Action TV 

     Music 

    Mythology 
  • While technically any Arthurian story which involves both the Grail Quest and Lancelot is this by very definition, special note should go to The Once and Future King, as it was TH White's attempt at creating an Arthurian super-myth, which incorporated as many of the myriad Arthurian myths and legends into one cohesive story as possible. Although how well this succeeded in its endeavor is debatable (there are a number of myths missing, but the overall quality is unquestionably excellent nonetheless), it is still the most "complete" of all Arthur myths, and borrows from at last a dozen stories.

     Theatre 
  • The play Universal Robots by Mac Rogers is partly an adaptation of R.U.R., but also includes autobiographical details of the author Karel Capek and his (imaginary in real life) twin sister.

     Toys 
  • When Hasbro imported Takara's toy lines Diaclone and Microchange, they were combined in a new franchise with an invented plot - Transformers.

     Video Games 
  • Half-Life is a combination of an original plot with and engine of a first Quake, though it was modified to the point where it was nearly original engine which later became the infamous Source.
  • Several Chinese bootleg video games use some old games and just stash new sprites into them to release them as 8-bit cash-ins on recent movies. As a result you'll have Harry Potter and SpongeBob SquarePants games made of engine from one game combined with sprites from another and bizarre Cut-and-Paste Translation to fix at least some of the holes.
  • The video game of Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End actually combines the stories of Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest and At World's End into one game. This is actually quite odd, given that Dead Man's Chest is the film before At World's End, and so the game would have been more expected to be named after the earlier film (since that obviously comes earlier in the game, too) — or even for that film to have had its own game adaptation previously that excluded it from being part of the later one (it had but on different consoles).
  • The plot of Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth is mostly a loose adaptation of The Shadow Over Innsmouth, but it also includes elements from another (unrelated) H.P. Lovecraft novella, The Shadow out of Time, especially in the prologue and the ending.
  • Batman: Arkham Series: While the games have an original plotline, but they do incorporate elements of several story arcs and characterizations from the original comics, the Burton-Schumacher and Nolan films, and the DCAU.

     Western Animation 
  • Episodes of Thomas the Tank Engine not only takes cues from The Railway Series novels, but multiple promotional medias such as it's annuals and magazines. Multiple writers of all these forms have even had direct involvement in the show.
  • The Christmas Special Sonic Christmas Bash is mainly based on Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog, but also includes elements from Sonic the Hedgehog (AKA Sonic Sat AM) such as the Robotropolis setting, SWAT-Bots, and Princess Sally.
  • The Batman: The Animated Series episode "The Laughing Fish" is mostly adapted from the comics storyline "The Laughing Fish"/"Sign of the Joker!" (Detective Comics #475-476), however, the final act is largely drawn from the unrelated comic story "The Joker's Five-Way Revenge" (Batman #251).


Community Feedback Replies: 123
  • September 17, 2014
    BKelly95
    Is this an example?

    Live Action Television
  • September 17, 2014
    DAN004
  • September 17, 2014
    hbi2k
  • September 17, 2014
    K.Kloga
    B Kelly, well, it falls into Cross Over but also seems to be there in the case of Law And Order Special Victims Unit. Great thanks!
  • September 17, 2014
    K.Kloga
    DAN, great thanks!
  • September 17, 2014
    K.Kloga
    hbi2k, still sounds somewhat bulky, so I'll stick with "Combination", at least temporary. Thanks!
  • September 17, 2014
    JesseMB27
    Film

    Video Games
  • September 17, 2014
    kjnoren
    Please drop the media parts of the trope, it's possible to find all sorts of adaptations in all sorts of media. I also think we must have some sort of limit on what is considered source material, at least it should have been published in some way, not just a draft. Otherwise just about every modern Hollywood movie would fit, given the way scripting works nowadays.

    Here's a fun one, since it's an in-story example:

    Literature:

    Another one:

  • September 17, 2014
    randomsurfer
    Can't recall the name of the film, but I recall reading about some very famous blockbuster which used the plot of one book and the title of another. Seems they had the adaptation written and then slapped the title on from some other well-known book when they got the film rights for it.

    [I don't think this is the same work as that which I wrote of above, but possibly] Die Hard 2 is an adaptation of an unrelated book called 58 Minutes with John McClane put in the hero role.
  • September 17, 2014
    CaveCat
  • September 18, 2014
    Arivne
    ^^ That might have been Blade Runner. The film was based on Philip K Dick's novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?. The title was from the totally unrelated Alan E. Nourse novel The Bladerunner (and was credited in the film's credits).
  • September 18, 2014
    Arivne
    • Examples section formatting
      • Added a space between asterisks and the first word following them.
      • Corrected spelling (it's own -> its own, siginficant, excrepts, telepalys, succeded, ones, hadn't -> didn't).
      • Put the name of the work at the beginning of the Robo Cop example as per How To Write An Example - State the source.
      • Corrected improper Example Indentation in the Yojimbo and Harlan Ellison examples.
      • Put episode titles in quotes instead of italics as per Welcome To TV Tropes - Editing Articles.
      • Alphabetized media sections.
      • Changed unnecessary double curly braces to Camel Case.
  • September 18, 2014
    Duncan
    • The screenplay for Naked Lunch is based not only on Burroughs' novel, but also on other fiction by him, and autobiographical accounts of his life.
    • The play Universal Robots by Mac Rogers is partly an adaptation of RUR, but also includes autobiographical details of the author Karel Capek and his (imaginary in real life) twin sister
  • September 18, 2014
    robinjohnson
  • September 18, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Jesse BM, thanks but I'm not sure on these two, as both cases were adapting whole franchise and, in case of Turtles, we any adaotation made since 1986 animated series mixes its elements with original Mirage comics.
  • September 18, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Kjnoren, in fact cases when two screemplays were combined into one polt are not that often, as, for example, Dolled Up Installment. Also, if drop the media, then what's the point? To list only literature?.. Anyway, great thanks for Literature examples!
  • September 18, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Randomsurfer, thanks. I've already listed Die Hard as a franchise (because all of the sequels were made that way) and Arivne is right, the film was Blade Runner. By the way novel by Nourse was adapted in a screenplay by Willam Burroughs, which was titled "Blade Runner: The Movie". So they were both asked for permission to use the title and both were thanked in end credits. Also, Arivne, great thanks for corrections.
  • September 18, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Duncan, great thanks. Now I'm thinking why I wasn't put Naked Lunch here in the first place. Largerly it was adapted from The Exterminator.
  • September 18, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Robinjhonson, also great thanks!
  • September 18, 2014
    kjnoren
    @K.Kloga: the idea isn't to drop the media examples, but drop the references in the description to the trope happening in specific media in the second paragraph. At most mention that it's very common in movies, but the examples will probably show that anyway.
  • September 19, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Kjnoren, for some reason it is hard for me to catch the point...
  • September 19, 2014
    DAN004
    ^ you mentioned "film" a lot in the second paragraph. Try making a more general description that can cover all media.
  • September 19, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Oh, you mean that one. Yep, I've screwed this a little bit, sorry. I've been thinking for a few days how to improve the description.
  • September 19, 2014
    triassicranger
    Should I list the works under the media adapted from or to? And would any of these count?

  • September 19, 2014
    MorganWick
    Robotech. See also Cut And Paste Translation and its more pejorative synonym Macekre.
  • September 20, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Triassicranger, both of them. Thanks for examples but yes, not all of them are suitable, as we talk about adapting two unrealted works (in case of Hammett, for example The Glass Key is unrelated to The Red Harvest), or, at least, using elements from two separate adaptations of one thing. Though, I think, we don't have any tropes about using sequel novels etc and it makes me thinking of some new YKTTW. Anyway VR Troopers and Power Rangers examples really count, great thanks.
  • September 20, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Morgan Wick, a good example and a nice addition, great thanks!
  • September 20, 2014
    Chabal2
    The Last Continent has two extended sequences directly referring Mad Max and The Adventures Of Priscilla Queen Of The Desert, though they aren't central to the plot.
  • September 20, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Chabal2, great thanks, an interesting example.
  • September 20, 2014
    Snicka
    The final version of Robin Hood is technically a combination of the Robin Hood legends and the Reynard the Fox + Chanticleer movie Disney originally planned.
  • September 20, 2014
    DrakeClawfang
    If you want to add fanfiction examples to the mix.

    • Fallout Equestria acts as a mash-up of plot elements and characters from all four main Fallout titles. 1 and 3 are the heaviest influences, with The Goddess and Red Eye serving as Expies of The Master and The Lieutenant from 1 and having the same plan as them, but Red Eye also takes numerous cues from President Eden and Ashur from 3, and most of the major locations visited are also based on locations from 3.
  • September 20, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Snicka, great thanks!

  • September 20, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Drake Clawfang, great thanks, nearly everything is welcome and what isn't I still will try to investigate anyway. You also made me remember one or two video game examples...
  • September 20, 2014
    Dacilriel
    Return To Oz combines plot elements from the second and third Oz books into one story.
  • September 20, 2014
    Psi001
    • Episodes of Thomas The Tank Engine not only takes cues from The Railway Series novels, but multiple promotional medias such as it's annuals and magazines. Multiple writers of all these forms have even had direct involvement in the show.
  • September 21, 2014
    KarjamP
    • The first Tintin animated movie combines the plots of The Crab With The Golden Claws, The Secret Of The Unicorn and a bit of Red Rackham's Treasure into one unique plot.
  • September 21, 2014
    K.Kloga
    Dacilriel, Psi001, Karjam P, great thanks for your examples, but... I've tried to launch a separate YKTTW for that one - "Sequels to Reboot", that's when creators who reboot the franchise are more or less forced to include elements from sequels which are iconic or just have a better plot, etc. Suddenly, today this YKTTW is all gone. O_o Never the less, I'm thinking on what to do with your examples and Psi's one goes here with frankly no editing.
  • September 21, 2014
    kjnoren
    I think Grand Central Arena better go under Literature. Basically, Marc was raised in an artificial environment, created by mad fanfic writers, but not limited in any way to writing.
  • September 21, 2014
    KarjamP
    The Tintin example's not a reboot. It's an adaption. (Specifically, the adaption of the comic of the same name).

    I don't think Spielberg's aiming to reboot the Tintin franchise through movies.
  • September 21, 2014
    Psychopompos007
    Video Games:
  • September 21, 2014
    Dacilriel
    Return To Oz wasn't a reboot. It was an adaptation of Ozma of Oz which also included plot elements and characters from The Marvelous Land of Oz.
  • December 31, 2014
    DAN004
    Pmub
  • December 31, 2014
    Koveras
    Compare Merging The Branches, where the later canon combines several previously mutually exclusive story branches.
  • January 23, 2015
    Snicka
  • January 23, 2015
    Gideoncrawle
    The current example list has several Example Indentation violations. Second level and higher bullets must be part of a list. Lone sub-bullets are not allowed, and are a common natter flag.
  • January 23, 2015
    Snicka
    ^ Specifically, The Lawnmower Man and Robin Hood break the Example Indentation rules.
  • January 24, 2015
    Arivne
  • January 24, 2015
    maxwellsilver
    I read somewhere that RoboCop was originally an attempt to adapt Judge Dredd to film.
  • January 24, 2015
    Arivne

  • January 24, 2015
    robinjohnson
    • Many episodes of the TV adaptation of Jeeves And Wooster amalgamated three or four of the original short stories, and also drew elements from other PG Wodehouse works.
  • January 25, 2015
    MetaFour
    • Akira Kurosawa's Rashomon combines elements from two different Ryuonosuke Akutagawa stories. Most of the plot came from "In a Grove", while the framing device (of travelers trapped in a gate because of a rainstorm) and title came from "Rashomon".
  • January 25, 2015
    StrixObscuro
    Film Live Action
  • January 26, 2015
    PhantomDusclops92
  • January 26, 2015
    Duncan
    The film Return To Oz takes elements from two of the Oz books by L Frank Baum: The Marvelous Land of Oz (which does not feature Dorothy as a character) and Ozma of Oz, as well as the 1973 non-fiction book Wisconsin Death Trip as a historical source.
  • January 29, 2015
    jormis29

    I have a feeling that the 2005 Iznogoud film is similar. I'll do some research unless someone beats me to it.
  • January 30, 2015
    emillang1000
    • While technically any Arthurian story which involves both the Grail Quest and Lancelot is this by very definition, special note should go to The Once And Future King, as it was TH White's attempt at creating an Arthurian super-myth, which incorporated as many of the myriad Arthurian myths and legends into one cohesive story as possible. Although how well this succeeded in its endeavor is debatable (there are a number of myths missing, but the overall quality is unquestionably excellent nonetheless), it is still the most "complete" of all Arthur myths, and borrows from at last a dozen stories.
  • January 30, 2015
    emillang1000
  • January 31, 2015
    MiinU
    The Robotech example needs context. The summary on the works page gives the name of all three series that were essentially reworked by Carl Macek, so each saga would flow into the next (with a few plot holes, here 'n there).

    Anyway, here's another example:

    Anime
    • Variable Geo is loosely based on the Advanced V.G. series, which removed the hentai content and introduced the core narrative aspect - which has Miranda Jahana manipulating Yuka and the other waitresses from behind-the-scenes. Though the OVA retains the "losing conditions" of the original H-Game series. Making it a combination of the two that's Lighter And Softer than the original, while still providing a fair amount of fanservice.
  • February 28, 2015
    DAN004
    • Dora Emon The Movie "Stand By Me" combines the stories of the first six books... and one story in the seventh book.
  • February 28, 2015
    TokoWH
    I feel like we already have a trope for this... I want to say X Meets Y or Recycled Script...

    There's also Fusion Fic, but that only covers fics. I would suggest linking to it in the description, and cite that's where Fan Work examples should go, because the two would likely wind up becoming identical.
  • February 28, 2015
    GiorgioDaneri
    .
  • March 2, 2015
    LikeSnowyNights
    The Bible and its books are actually an amalgamation of multiple texts. However, there are many debates as to what originated from one text, what originated from multiple texts, how many texts they originated from and so on. For instance, The Pentateuch or The Torah are believed by many scholars to be an amalgamation of four different documents titled as J, E, P, and D by scholars.
  • March 4, 2015
    JoeG
    • In 1974, a pair of movie studios had the rights to different books about a skyscraper on fire: "The Tower" and "The Glass Inferno". Rather than try to compete with each other the studios decided to team up, combining both books into The Towering Inferno.
  • March 5, 2015
    randomsurfer
    Comics: The Amalgam Universe combines characters and backstories from Marvel Comics and DC Comics into a new shared universe. For example:
  • March 12, 2015
    SteveMB
    Western Animation: The Batman The Animated Series episode "The Laughing Fish" is mostly adapted from the comics storyline "The Laughing Fish"/"Sign of the Joker!" (Detective Comics #475-476), however, the final act is largely drawn from the unrelated comic story "The Joker's Five-Way Revenge" (Batman #251).

  • March 12, 2015
    Snicka
    None of the examples since September is added... does that mean this is Up For Grabs?
  • March 12, 2015
    DAN004
    ^ perhaps
  • March 12, 2015
    qazwsx
  • March 13, 2015
    Arivne
    ^^^ The OP K.Kloga has not posted here since 9-21-14, more than five months ago. A YKTTW proposal becomes Up For Grabs two months after the last post by the OP, according to the rules on that page.

    So yes, this is Up For Grabs.
  • March 14, 2015
    JujuP
    Anime
  • March 14, 2015
    DAN004
    Who wanna grab this? (not me... I wish)
  • September 7, 2016
    DAN004
    Bump
  • September 7, 2016
    Chabal2
    Judge Dee: The recurring characters come from the author's translation of the first part of Dee Goong An, which was intriguing because of the way it fit Western standards of detective stories better than traditional Chinese ones (the murderer is not known to the audience, the mystery isn't solved by direct supernatural intervention, etc.). The plots of each story were taken from various Chinese criminology texts, with the sources explained in each book's afterword.
  • September 7, 2016
    NateTheGreat
    The TV series Andromeda is cobbled together from three pilots Gene Roddenberry made back in the seventies: Genesis II, Planet Earth, and Strange New World.
  • September 7, 2016
    PaulA
    After the James Bond movies started running out of novels to adapt, there were a couple which combined two short stories (usually with a bunch of extra stuff added even so). For Your Eyes Only combines the plots of "For Your Eyes Only" and "Risico", while Octopussy combines plot elements from "Octopussy" and "The Property of a Lady".
  • September 7, 2016
    PaulA
    ...come to think of it, does "movie about Character X is adapted from multiple earlier works about Character X" count as this trope, or does it have to be "story about Character X is made by combining story about Character X with unrelated story about Character Y"?
  • September 7, 2016
    DAN004
    ^ both counts

  • September 8, 2016
    PaulA
    • Geary Gravel's Batman The Animated Series tie-in novels, with the exception of the one adapting The Movie, combined multiple plots from the series, since half-hour episodes meant even a two-parter would be slim pickings on its own. Shadows of the Past combines several episodes revolving around the origins of Batman and his assistants, Dual to the Death combines two Two-Face two-parters, and The Dragon and the Bat brings together all the episodes featuring the ninja Kyodai Ken.
  • September 14, 2016
    StarSword
    TV:
  • September 14, 2016
    lakingsif
    • The 2010 Alice In Wonderland 2010 film is based on a combination of Alice's Adventures Underground and Alice Through The Looking-Glass. The sequel is, despite debate, in face only based on ATTLG, as this story included Lewis Carroll's poem "The Jabberwocky" (on which the film is also partly based) as some of its prose. Of course, this is only very loosely based on Carroll's work, as pretty much the only things in common are a couple of character names and the premise of a world Down The Rabbit Hole.
  • September 15, 2016
    Snicka
    ^ Practically any Alice movie is a combination of Alices Adventures In Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass, using the more well-known plot elements from both books.
  • September 15, 2016
    StarSword
    TV:
  • September 15, 2016
    StarSword
    Film:
    • Peter Jackson's The Hobbit film trilogy incorporates a number of scenes and elements from The Lord Of The Rings that weren't used in Jackson's earlier LOTR films. These include the appearance of the Maiar Radagast the Brown and Saruman deriding him as a weirdo, both of which were related after the fact by Gandalf in The Fellowship of the Ring.
  • September 15, 2016
    TonyG
    Disney's animated version of Alice In Wonderland closely follows the plot of Alices Adventures In Wonderland, but adds characters from Through the Looking Glass, specifically Tweedledum and Tweedledee, the Walrus and the Carpenter, the talking flowers and the Tulgey Woods from "Jabberwocky".
  • September 16, 2016
    Snicka
    ^^ It also borrows plot elements from the appendices of The Lord of the Rings and some of Tolkien's writings that were published after his death. Since the studio didn't own the film rights to the latter, they had to do some Writing Around Trademarks. Still, big chunks of the movies (Azog's vendetta, Kili and Tauriel's romance, Laketown's politics) are original material that Peter Jackson's team came up with.
  • September 16, 2016
    lakingsif
    @Snicka just because "Practically any Alice movie" uses the trope does not mean that it is not an example.
  • September 17, 2016
    DAN004
    So who's in charge of this?
  • September 17, 2016
    DustSnitch
  • June 26, 2017
    MememasterFlex
    Ghost In The Shell 2017 uses elements of the ("1995 Film")[1] as well as the second season of Ghost In The Shell Stand Alone Complex
  • June 26, 2017
    MememasterFlex
    ah crap, i'm kinda new to this link thing
  • June 26, 2017
    hszmv1
    • As a general rule, most live action Superhero movies generally take elements from a few different storylines from that title with mixed results. For example, X Men III has elements of both the Dark Pheonix storyline and the Mutant Cure storyline, both of which are spread apart by nearly two decades in the comics. The titular character of the first doesn't even appear in the second!

    • The Amazing Spider Man combines Peter Parker's origin story with the Lizard story, which never appeared in Spidey's origin. The sequel would combine the origin of Electro (60s story) with The Night Gwen Stacy Died (70s). Once again, the former villain is not present at all in the later story.
  • June 26, 2017
    ZuTheSkunk
    • The two Discworld games both take the plot elements of several different Discworld books to create their storylines. The second game, for instance, takes the elements of Reaper Man, Pyramids and Moving Pictures, among others.
  • June 26, 2017
    Getta
    I believe Marvel Cinematic Universe has a lot of this.
  • June 28, 2017
    Basara-kun
    Live-Action TV:
    • The Flash 1990: The first TV adaptation of The Flash in The Nineties have elements mixed from the 2 Flash incarnations until then: Barry Allen and Wally West. The character itself as well the main elements of the series are from former era, being John Wesley Shipp as Barry Allen, but various elements were taken from the then actual Flash Wally West: the way his metabolism acts faster than him that makes him eat tons (literally) of food, his relashionship with Tina McGee, the appearance of Linda Park (Wally's Love Interest) as reporter, etc.
  • June 28, 2017
    Omeganian
    The Mexican telenovela Los ricos también lloran, as well as its more modern remake, Maria La Del Barrio, are a combination of two radio novellas by Inés Rodena.
  • June 28, 2017
    Chabal2
    Fittingly for a story about stories being Eldritch Abominations, Witches Abroad's second half is mostly a Cinderella parody, with Sleeping Beauty, Little Red Riding Hood, Lord Of The Rings and The Wizard Of Oz getting Whole Plot References earlier on.
  • June 28, 2017
    Cavery210
    Carl Macek's obscure Captain Harlock and the Queen of a Thousand Years anime combined the 1978 Captain Harlock show and a different show by the same mangaka called Queen Millennia. Confusing plot holes ensued.
  • June 28, 2017
    Tuckerscreator
    • Captain Underpants The First Epic Movie combines elements from the first four books, including the Captain's origin from the first book, Professor Poopypants as a villain from the fourth, the Turbo Toilet 2000 and Invention Convention from the second, and zombie-fied children from the third book.
  • June 28, 2017
    JesseMB27
    • By Psychopompos 007: "The plot of Call Of Cthulhu Dark Corners Of The Earth is mostly a loose adaptation of The Shadow Over Innsmouth, but it also includes elements from another (unrelated) HP Lovecraft novella, The Shadow out of Time, especially in the prologue and the ending." Can anyone who knows this game elaborate about what is meant by "elements"? If Psychopompos 007 is referring to things such as characters, specific objects, and/or plotlines I'd say that It'd count, but it is only referring to things such as concepts and themes, then it wouldn't count.
    • By Metafour: " Akira Kurosawa's Rashomon combines elements from two different Ryuonosuke Akutagawa stories. Most of the plot came from "In a Grove", while the framing device (of travelers trapped in a gate because of a rainstorm) and title came from "Rashomon". " This example seems to satisfy the requirements of this article, is there a reason it hasn't been added yet?
    • By Phantomdusclops 92: " The Christmas Special Sonic Christmas Bash it's mainly based on Adventures Of Sonic The Hedgehog, but also includes elements from Sonic The Hedgehog such as the Robotropolis setting, SWAT-Bots and Princess Sally. " Based on the Sonic fanfic example in the examples section above, I'd that this would also qualify.
    • By Duncan: "The film Return To Oz takes elements from two of the Oz books by L Frank Baum: The Marvelous Land of Oz (which does not feature Dorothy as a character) and Ozma of Oz, as well as the 1973 non-fiction book Wisconsin Death Trip as a historical source." Based on this, I'd think Return to Oz would qualify.

  • June 29, 2017
    Arivne
    ^ The reason Meta Four's post wasn't added is that it was made on January 25th, 2015.

    The OP Tropers/{{K.Kloga}} last posted in this proposal on 9-21-14. After that they lost interest in it and didn't add any more examples.
  • June 29, 2017
    lakingsif
    And the reason this got launched is because there's tropers out there wanting to get their launch counts up. It's back now; proceed.
  • June 29, 2017
    Getta
    Who's managing this draft now?
  • June 29, 2017
    NightShade96
    ^ No one. It hasn't been edited since 2015.
  • June 29, 2017
    eroock
    Is this YMMV (personal opinion) or must it be confirmed by official sources or Word Of God? In the former case, I don't see the difference to X Meets Y.
  • June 29, 2017
    NightShade96
    ^ X Meets Y is a Just For Fun page though.
  • June 29, 2017
    lakingsif
    ^^ it's pretty obvious X Meets Y is saying Show A's premise is like Show B meets Show C, this is where Book 1 and Book 2 are made into Movie 1. It wouldn't really need Word Of God because it's hard to miss it.

    Like:
    • The video game of Pirates Of The Caribbean At Worlds End actually combines the stories of Pirates Of The Caribbean Dead Mans Chest and At World's End into one game. This is actually quite odd, given that Dead Man's Chest is the film before At World's End, and so the game would have been more expected to be named after the earlier film (since that obviously comes earlier in the game, too) — or even for that film to have had its own game adaptation previously that excluded it from being part of the later one (it had but on different consoles).
  • June 29, 2017
    JesseMB27
    Just so everyone knows, I decided to add the Rashomon and Sonic Christmas special examples (under Film-Live Action and Western Animation sections respectively).

    EDIT: I've also added The Towering Inferno under Film-Live Action

    EDIT: Other examples I think should be added

    • By Juju P: " Secret Of Cerulean Sand is adapted from Facing the Flag and City in the Sahara, both written by Jules Verne. "
    • By Nate The Great: " The TV series Andromeda is cobbled together from three pilots Gene Roddenberry made back in the seventies: Genesis II, Planet Earth, and Strange New World. ". Based on the Robocop example above, I'd think this would qualify.
    • By Dust Snitch: " Batman V Superman Dawn Of Justice takes inspiration from one story per title character. Batman's story is The Dark Knight Returns, which first depicted a retired, cynical Batman, Superman's is The Death Of Superman, which originated the character of Doomsday. And saw him kill Superman. " The Dark Knight Returns was a non-canon (to the DCU) limited series, while the Death of Superman was story line that happened in canon. So I think this could qualify.
    • By Meme Master: " Ghost In The Shell 2017 uses elements of the ("1995 Film")[1] as well as the second season of Ghost In The Shell Stand Alone Complex " Based on the TMNT example that is cited, I'd say this would qualify.
    • By Cavery 210: " Carl Macek's obscure Captain Harlock and the Queen of a Thousand Years anime combined the 1978 Captain Harlock show and a different show by the same mangaka called Queen Millennia. Confusing plot holes ensued. "
  • July 4, 2017
    TitoMosquito
    It's like an official Patchwork Fic?
  • July 4, 2017
    NightShade96
  • July 27, 2017
    PaulA
  • July 27, 2017
    alnair20aug93
    From the top comments, I say either Adaptation Amalgamation or Amalgadaptaion would work.

    Also, I think Disney's take on Alice In Wonderland has some bits on Through The Looking Glass like Tweedledum and Tweedledee. The live-action version incorporated more elements from that book as well, such as merging the Queen of Hearts and the Red Queen.
  • July 27, 2017
    Berrenta
    Looking at it, this could make a good trivia piece.
  • July 27, 2017
    PaulA
    Do we want to distinguish between adaptations that combine earlier storylines from a single character (Batman Begins combining several stories from the comics, Alice in Wonderland combining both Alice books) and adaptations that combine two things that were previously unrelated, like Robotech and Rashomon?
  • September 22, 2017
    Pichu-kun
    • Logan's version of X23 mixes her original X Men Evolution incarnation with her Canon Immigrant comic incarnation. She has the age and implied ethnicity of her cartoon version, but the age and darker personality of her comic version (bar some changes to go with her decreased age, such as scrapping her teenage prostitution backstory).
  • September 22, 2017
    Basara-kun
    Wow, there's A LOT of material to add here. Can I take this Up For Grabs or you prefer everyone can edit this with Rolling Updates??
  • September 30, 2017
    Basara-kun
    OK, taking this finally and adding the most examples I could, more will be added eventually as well some I found by myself. I was thinking about a fitting image for this, but I'm not sure (a Robotech one is the first I got in mind right now)
  • September 30, 2017
    NightShade96
    ^ Doubt an image would be possible with this.
  • September 30, 2017
    alnair20aug93
    Also, I suggest Adaptation Amalgamation as the title.
  • October 1, 2017
    Basara-kun
    OK, changed the title and added thelast suggestions of the thread and some more I found recently. OK, launching this during toiday, thanks to all!! :D
  • October 1, 2017
    KaiYves
    Would films about historical events that draw on several books about the same event count? For example, Everest 2015 was based on the memoirs of several of the climbers rather than being a straight adaptation of just one, as the previous TV movie about the disaster had been.
  • October 1, 2017
    Basara-kun
    ^Sure, I think those can be added, too
  • October 1, 2017
    zoopyDoopy
    Possibly an example?

    Anime and Manga:

    • Yu Gi Oh!: The villain from The Pyramid of Light movie essentially recycles the Big Bad of Season 5's backstory wholesale (i.e. was sealed in the Puzzle after an ancient battle with the Pharaoh). Also applies to the games - some mash up old arcs of the manga, and the second series anime also adapts lost arcs from the manga to fill in plot holes.
  • October 2, 2017
    Basara-kun
    ^ and ^^^ are added, thanks guys!!

    Well, this is more than ready to be launched, doing it during these days!! Thanks to all!! :D
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/discussion.php?id=b1l53cloev88nphoyii8s10d