History UsefulNotes / WinstonChurchill

8th Apr '16 6:53:47 PM Wyldchyld
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Sir '''Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill''' (November 30, 1874 -- January 24, 1965). [[KnightFever Knight of the Garter, Order of Merit, Companion of Honor, Territorial Decoration, Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Fellow of the Royal Society]], [[UsefulNotes/NobelPrizeInLiterature Nobel Laureate]], first Honorary Citizen in United States history, and almost the Duke of London. British Prime Minister from 1940-1945 and again from 1951-55. Best known for helping win UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, and he even won a Nobel Prize for writing about it in a six-volume doorstopper.

to:

Sir '''Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill''' (November 30, 1874 -- January 24, 1965). [[KnightFever [[UsefulNotes/KnightFever Knight of the Garter, Order of Merit, Companion of Honor, Territorial Decoration, Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Fellow of the Royal Society]], [[UsefulNotes/NobelPrizeInLiterature Nobel Laureate]], first Honorary Citizen in United States history, and almost the Duke of London. British Prime Minister from 1940-1945 and again from 1951-55. Best known for helping win UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, and he even won a Nobel Prize for writing about it in a six-volume doorstopper.



His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first, and is best known for Britain's successful development of nuclear fission bombs in 1952 (tested in Western Australia, inadvertantly causing a regional spike in deaths from cancer). Under his leadership the British government also conducted its first studies into the likely effects of a nuclear attack upon their country, began their Cold-War policy of making no provision for the survival of the British population in the event of a nuclear exchange, and worked to prevent the dissemination of information about the effects of nuclear weapons. This was done because the non-provision of shelters and information was deemed necessary in order to save money and prevent mass-panic, demoralisation, and nuclear-disarmament sentiment.

Less publicly, Churchill's second term in office meant the reversal of the Attlee government's mild disapproval of ex-Nazis who had been convicted for War Crimes. The Labour government had been torn between the demands of its electorate that such men should pay for their crimes, and pragmatic British interests in ensuring that such men went free. [[note]] They and the Americans had split the difference by reaching an unofficial understanding with the Czechoslovaks, Poles, and Soviets that most of these people would not go to the expensive and highly publicised trials at Nuremberg. Instead, the British and Americans handed most of the alleged War Criminals who were not useful to them over to be tried by eastern European governments [[/note]] Churchill put British interests first for a change, and in 1953 exercised his powers as the acting Foreign Secretary to authorise the early release of Albert Kesselring (retaliatory security measures, execution of POW) and Erich von Manstein (genocide of Jews, execution of POW, Siege of Leningrad, use of Chemical Weapons at Sevastopol, retaliatory destruction of all communities associated with partisan activity, partially successful attempted destruction of all central-western Ukraine's habitable structures and farmland). While neither was actually acquitted of their crimes nor considered to have served their sentences, Churchill made it understood through unofficial channels that no efforts should be made to take either man back into custody once they were released from prison to receive unsupervised medical treatment in their hometowns - even though Manstein neither needed nor asked for such treatment. [[note]] These men were however already going to be released in late 1953 anyway as a result of earlier decision to release all convicted War Criminals by 1956 at the very latest by giving all of them 1/3 reductions in their sentences for "Good Behaviour" [[/note]] These measures made it clear that Britain was the kind of country that could 'do business' with absolutely anyone, earned the British the gratitude of German right-wing politicians, and helped innoculate West German society against Socialism.

to:

His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first, and is best known for Britain's successful development of nuclear fission bombs in 1952 (tested in Western Australia, inadvertantly inadvertently causing a regional spike in deaths from cancer). Under his leadership the British government also conducted its first studies into the likely effects of a nuclear attack upon their country, began their Cold-War policy of making no provision for the survival of the British population in the event of a nuclear exchange, and worked to prevent the dissemination of information about the effects of nuclear weapons. This was done because the non-provision of shelters and information was deemed necessary in order to save money and prevent mass-panic, demoralisation, and nuclear-disarmament sentiment.

Less publicly, Churchill's second term in office meant the reversal of the Attlee government's mild disapproval of ex-Nazis who had been convicted for War Crimes. The Labour government had been torn between the demands of its electorate that such men should pay for their crimes, and pragmatic British interests in ensuring that such men went free. [[note]] They and the Americans had split the difference by reaching an unofficial understanding with the Czechoslovaks, Poles, and Soviets that most of these people would not go to the expensive and highly publicised trials at Nuremberg. Instead, the British and Americans handed most of the alleged War Criminals who were not useful to them over to be tried by eastern European governments [[/note]] Churchill put British interests first for a change, and in 1953 exercised his powers as the acting Foreign Secretary to authorise the early release of Albert Kesselring (retaliatory security measures, execution of POW) and Erich von Manstein (genocide of Jews, execution of POW, Siege of Leningrad, use of Chemical Weapons at Sevastopol, retaliatory destruction of all communities associated with partisan activity, partially successful attempted destruction of all central-western Ukraine's habitable structures and farmland). While neither was actually acquitted of their crimes nor considered to have served their sentences, Churchill made it understood through unofficial channels that no efforts should be made to take either man back into custody once they were released from prison to receive unsupervised medical treatment in their hometowns - even though Manstein neither needed nor asked for such treatment. [[note]] These men were however already going to be released in late 1953 anyway as a result of earlier decision to release all convicted War Criminals by 1956 at the very latest by giving all of them 1/3 reductions in their sentences for "Good Behaviour" [[/note]] These measures made it clear that Britain was the kind of country that could 'do business' with absolutely anyone, earned the British the gratitude of German right-wing politicians, and helped innoculate inoculate West German society against Socialism.



* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedII'' gives him a HistoricalVillainUpgrade, in which he was a member of TheKnightsTemplar and actually helped ''masterminded'' World War II along with FDR and Hitler.
** [[{{Retcon}} However]], he appears in the special side missions of ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedSyndicate'' as an ally of the assassin Lydia Frye.

to:

* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedII'' gives him a HistoricalVillainUpgrade, in which he was a member of TheKnightsTemplar and actually helped ''masterminded'' World War II along with FDR and Hitler.
**
Hitler. [[{{Retcon}} However]], he appears in the special side missions of ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedSyndicate'' as an ally of the assassin Lydia Frye.
31st Mar '16 10:44:57 PM YZQ
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Churchill died in 1965, three months after retiring from Parliament, and his state funeral became one of the most watched and attended funerals in history.

to:

Churchill died in 1965, three months after retiring from Parliament, and his state funeral became one of the most watched and attended funerals in history.
history. He is buried in a churchyard in Bladon, Oxfordshire. Up until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005, his funeral was attended by the most heads of states.



He was given a state funeral on his death in 1965, with a lot of leaders turning up. He is buried in a churchyard in Bladon, Oxfordshire. Up until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005 his funeral was attended by the most heads of states.

Winston Churchill was notably a child of a binational marriage; his mother Jeanette Jerome was an [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates American]] socialite from [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Brooklyn]]. A study of her biography, and that of her father Leonard Jerome, makes it very clear which side of the family Sir Winston got his resiliency from.

to:

He was given a state funeral on his death in 1965, with a lot of leaders turning up. He is buried in a churchyard in Bladon, Oxfordshire. Up until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005 his funeral was attended by the most heads of states.

Winston
Churchill was notably a child of a binational marriage; his mother Jeanette Jerome was an [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates American]] socialite from [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Brooklyn]]. A study of her biography, and that of her father Leonard Jerome, makes it very clear which side of the family Sir Winston got his resiliency from.
31st Mar '16 10:38:56 PM YZQ
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[[caption-width-right:239:[[Film/TheDarkKnight Not the Prime Minister we deserved, but the Prime Minister we needed]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII right then.]][[note]]Yousuf Karsh, the photographer took [[http://acurator.com/blog/2015/01/winston-churchill-by-yousuf-karsh-the-smiling-portrait.html another (less famous) photo at the same occasion]], which showed Churchill smiling. Indeed, Lady Churchill detested the scowling photo as she knew that it did not reflect her husband's actual mood at the time, having just delivered a very well-received talk.[[/note]]]]

to:

[[caption-width-right:239:[[Film/TheDarkKnight Not the Prime Minister we deserved, but the Prime Minister we needed]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII right then.]][[note]]Yousuf Karsh, the photographer Karsh (the photographer) took [[http://acurator.com/blog/2015/01/winston-churchill-by-yousuf-karsh-the-smiling-portrait.html another (less famous) photo at the same occasion]], which showed Churchill smiling. Indeed, Lady Churchill detested the scowling photo photo, as she knew that it did not reflect her husband's actual mood at the time, having just delivered a very well-received talk.[[/note]]]]
31st Mar '16 10:36:27 PM YZQ
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[[caption-width-right:239:[[Film/TheDarkKnight Not the Prime Minister we deserved, but the Prime Minister we needed]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII right then.]][[note]]Yousuf Karsh, the photographer took [[http://acurator.com/blog/2015/01/winston-churchill-by-yousuf-karsh-the-smiling-portrait.html another (less famous) photo at the same occasion]], which showed Churchill smiling. Indeed, Lady Churchill detested the scowling photo as she knew that it did not reflect her husband's actual mood at the time, having just delivered a very well-received talk.[[/note]]
]]

to:

[[caption-width-right:239:[[Film/TheDarkKnight Not the Prime Minister we deserved, but the Prime Minister we needed]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII right then.]][[note]]Yousuf Karsh, the photographer took [[http://acurator.com/blog/2015/01/winston-churchill-by-yousuf-karsh-the-smiling-portrait.html another (less famous) photo at the same occasion]], which showed Churchill smiling. Indeed, Lady Churchill detested the scowling photo as she knew that it did not reflect her husband's actual mood at the time, having just delivered a very well-received talk.[[/note]]
]]
[[/note]]]]
31st Mar '16 10:35:39 PM YZQ
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[[caption-width-right:239:[[Film/TheDarkKnight Not the Prime Minister we deserved, but the Prime Minister we needed]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII right then.]]]]

to:

[[caption-width-right:239:[[Film/TheDarkKnight Not the Prime Minister we deserved, but the Prime Minister we needed]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII right then.]]]]
]][[note]]Yousuf Karsh, the photographer took [[http://acurator.com/blog/2015/01/winston-churchill-by-yousuf-karsh-the-smiling-portrait.html another (less famous) photo at the same occasion]], which showed Churchill smiling. Indeed, Lady Churchill detested the scowling photo as she knew that it did not reflect her husband's actual mood at the time, having just delivered a very well-received talk.[[/note]]
]]
27th Mar '16 11:06:19 PM MAI742
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His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first, and is best known for Britain's successful development of nuclear fission bombs in 1952 (tested in Western Australia, inadvertantly causing a regional spike in deaths from cancer). Under his leadership the British government also conducted its first studies into the likely effects of a nuclear attack upon their country, began their Cold-War policy of making no provision for the survival of the British population in the event of a nuclear exchange, and worked to prevent the dissemination of information about the effects of nuclear weapons. This was done because the non-provision of shelters and information was deemed necessary in order to prevent mass-panic, demoralisation, and nuclear-disarmament sentiment.

to:

His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first, and is best known for Britain's successful development of nuclear fission bombs in 1952 (tested in Western Australia, inadvertantly causing a regional spike in deaths from cancer). Under his leadership the British government also conducted its first studies into the likely effects of a nuclear attack upon their country, began their Cold-War policy of making no provision for the survival of the British population in the event of a nuclear exchange, and worked to prevent the dissemination of information about the effects of nuclear weapons. This was done because the non-provision of shelters and information was deemed necessary in order to save money and prevent mass-panic, demoralisation, and nuclear-disarmament sentiment.
27th Mar '16 11:04:40 PM MAI742
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[[folder:Churchill in media]]

to:

[[folder:Churchill [[folder: Churchill in life]]

Churchill had actually been a senior politician for decades. Originally elected as a Conservative in 1900, he changed to the Liberal Party due to his support for free trade. He soon became a cabinet minister and the architect of several of the reforms and welfare programs introduced by the Liberals, but he resigned from the War Cabinet in UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne after the failure of Gallipoli. He lost his seat in 1922, but returned in 1924 and rejoined the Conservatives. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer (finance minister) for the next five years, where he made a disastrous decision to reintroduce the gold standard. Churchill described this as the biggest mistake of his career; it resulted in high unemployment and strikes. He was isolated within the party in the 1930s, but made a political comeback after his opposition to the appeasement of Germany was vindicated.

Churchill took over as Prime Minister after UsefulNotes/NevilleChamberlain resigned in 1940 after the Nazis invaded Norway, and invited the Labour Party to join his government. From the 21st of June 1940 to the 22nd of June 1941, the [[{{UsefulNotes/Britain}} UK]] was the only country apart from Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, India, and a host of Asian and African protectorates and puppet states fighting against Germany. Churchill drafted, practiced, and performed some of his most famous speeches around this time with the aide of just two speechwriters and a handful of typists. These are rightly considered brilliant works of oration, and are credited with maintaining the entire Commonwealth's fighting spirit. The situation improved after ''[[UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheUSSR Operation Barbarossa]]'' and Germany's declaration of war upon the UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates that December. Churchill became a close friend of UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt, though his fondness for Roosevelt was undoubtedly much greater than Roosevelt's for Churchill, and he managed to work effectively with UsefulNotes/JosefStalin despite his hatred for communism.

In 1942 Churchill finally acknowledged the long-term impossibility of holding India, after two years of attempting to undo promises to the effect that India would soon be given full political independence as a 'Dominion' (like Canada, Australia, etc). After the rejection of diplomacy with the Indian National Congress, British attempts to suppress the consequent rebellions and terrorist acts had been relatively successful and had been achieved at a minimal cost in British lives (thanks to the relative reliability of Indian police and troops). However, in the long-term India could not be held against the will of its millions-strong middle- and upper-classes. To his credit, Churchill was eventually persuaded that he had to acknowledge this reality - even though the maintenance and expansion of The British Empire was very dear to him.

Famously, his party were routed by the Labour Party on the 5th of July 1945 general election, just two months after victory in Europe. He appears to have campaigned on the basis of his own personal popularity, and was not seen to have adequately acknowledged the popular mood favouring state programmes to care for the crippled, wounded, ill, impoverished, under-educated, and elderly. While many voters considered him a fine wartime leader, they seem to have been sceptical about his ability to govern the country in peacetime (which mirrors the view historians have of him). He later recovered and won a second term in 1951[[note]]though Labour actually received more votes than the Conservatives in that election[[/note]], serving until his retirement from frontline politics in 1955. (During this time, [[UsefulNotes/HMTheQueen Elizabeth II]] became Queen.)

His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first, and is best known for Britain's successful development of nuclear fission bombs in 1952 (tested in Western Australia, inadvertantly causing a regional spike in deaths from cancer). Under his leadership the British government also conducted its first studies into the likely effects of a nuclear attack upon their country, began their Cold-War policy of making no provision for the survival of the British population in the event of a nuclear exchange, and worked to prevent the dissemination of information about the effects of nuclear weapons. This was done because the non-provision of shelters and information was deemed necessary in order to prevent mass-panic, demoralisation, and nuclear-disarmament sentiment.

Less publicly, Churchill's second term in office meant the reversal of the Attlee government's mild disapproval of ex-Nazis who had been convicted for War Crimes. The Labour government had been torn between the demands of its electorate that such men should pay for their crimes, and pragmatic British interests in ensuring that such men went free. [[note]] They and the Americans had split the difference by reaching an unofficial understanding with the Czechoslovaks, Poles, and Soviets that most of these people would not go to the expensive and highly publicised trials at Nuremberg. Instead, the British and Americans handed most of the alleged War Criminals who were not useful to them over to be tried by eastern European governments [[/note]] Churchill put British interests first for a change, and in 1953 exercised his powers as the acting Foreign Secretary to authorise the early release of Albert Kesselring (retaliatory security measures, execution of POW) and Erich von Manstein (genocide of Jews, execution of POW, Siege of Leningrad, use of Chemical Weapons at Sevastopol, retaliatory destruction of all communities associated with partisan activity, partially successful attempted destruction of all central-western Ukraine's habitable structures and farmland). While neither was actually acquitted of their crimes nor considered to have served their sentences, Churchill made it understood through unofficial channels that no efforts should be made to take either man back into custody once they were released from prison to receive unsupervised medical treatment in their hometowns - even though Manstein neither needed nor asked for such treatment. [[note]] These men were however already going to be released in late 1953 anyway as a result of earlier decision to release all convicted War Criminals by 1956 at the very latest by giving all of them 1/3 reductions in their sentences for "Good Behaviour" [[/note]] These measures made it clear that Britain was the kind of country that could 'do business' with absolutely anyone, earned the British the gratitude of German right-wing politicians, and helped innoculate West German society against Socialism.

Churchill died in 1965, three months after retiring from Parliament, and his state funeral became one of the most watched and attended funerals in history.

Helping beat the Nazis, having a gift for words, and writing your own history will get a lot of people to forget your less popular policies -- and some were very unpopular. Gallipoli and the gold standard are mentioned above. Although, to be fair, the failure of the Gallipoli/Dardanalles campaign was hardly his fault alone; he was just the delicious scapegoat for it. He made a number of blunders as First Lord of the Admiralty in the opening of UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne, largely due to his inexperience with issuing naval orders and his tendency to resort to unnecessarily colorful language, which confused their recipients. He was again isolated in the 1930s due to his opposition to Indian autonomy and the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_VIII_abdication_crisis abdication of Edward VIII]]. Furthermore, in 1943, while PM, he ignored a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_famine_of_1943 famine in Bengal]], which eventually killed 4 million people, though responsibility could be said to lie with local authorities rather than him personally. He expressed disappointment at one point that Gandhi was not one of them, however, which suggests that he wasn't as bothered by it as he should have been.

He was also notably racist, like many people at the time, and supported the use of non-lethal gas on rebellious Iraqis and other "uncivilised tribes" who had been attacking those under nominal British protection. That said, the latter could equally be considered a mark of considerable restraint, since the general response by the British, particularly those of a military background, to such actions was to kill it with fire. Around the same time, he loudly denounced the Amritsar Massacre in India, a bolder move than expected since many British imperialists defended it. He was also known for supporting eugenics and, especially, the British Empire. Both have to be taken in the context of the time, however, with eugenics being wildly popular until Nazism showed the dark side of it, and that most Brits of the time were pro-Empire. He also never won ''the popular vote'' in a British general election: in the 1951 election, Labour actually polled a quarter of a million votes more than him, the most any party had taken at the time, and the most Labour has ever managed. However, a quirk of the system meant that Churchill took the victory (similarly to the way UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush won the 2000 presidential elections in the US).

He'd been in the army before going into politics and was also a war correspondent. He served in both UsefulNotes/TheRiverWar and the UsefulNotes/SecondBoerWar, playing minor but conspicuous roles in each. In the former, he charged with the 21st Lancers at Omdurman; in the latter, he escaped from a Boer POW camp and traveled 300 miles to neutral Portuguese East Africa. He even served briefly in World War I after his resignation from the Cabinet. As well as his Nobel Prize-winning book on the UsefulNotes/SecondWorldWar (not the most reliable source, but an invaluable memoir), he wrote a history of the English-speaking peoples and a largely forgotten political thriller called ''Savrola: A Tale of the Revolution in Laurania''.

He once had a meeting with UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt while he was taking a bath, had little awareness of social mannerisms and sometimes wandered around his house naked. He more or less had a drink with him at all times, thus the, "You, sir, are drunk!", quote. He also suffered from depression, which he called his "black dog". He was also obsessed with what he called "the soft underbelly of Europe" in the Mediterranean, leading to results that varied from disastrous in UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne (Gallipoli/Dardanalles) to merely wasteful (The Italian campaign) in UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo. One little known aspect of this "soft underbelly" is the fact that after supporting ELAS (the Greek Partisans of the resistance against the Nazi Occupation of Greece, comprised of several communists), he immediately turned on them after liberation and tasked Lt. Ronald Scobie to arm and support Greek fascists and their collaborators to hunt down the partisans citing fears of a Communist takeover in the Mediterranean. He later justified it as part of a pre-emptive move during the UsefulNotes/ColdWar but the Greeks saw it as an unjustified act of betrayal from people who had willingly allied with them against the Nazis.

He was given a state funeral on his death in 1965, with a lot of leaders turning up. He is buried in a churchyard in Bladon, Oxfordshire. Up until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005 his funeral was attended by the most heads of states.

Winston Churchill was notably a child of a binational marriage; his mother Jeanette Jerome was an [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates American]] socialite from [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Brooklyn]]. A study of her biography, and that of her father Leonard Jerome, makes it very clear which side of the family Sir Winston got his resiliency from.

In 1963, he became the first person to be granted an honorary citizenship of the United States, and one of only two given this honor while they were alive (the other being Mother Teresa). Including Churchill, there are only seven honorary American citizens. He is also one of the very few non-American citizens to have a U.S. naval vessel named in his honor. (Appropriately, the USS Winston S. Churchill has a Royal Navy guest officer assigned to her company and flies the White Ensign below the Stars and Stripes.)

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Churchill
in media]]
27th Mar '16 11:02:11 AM DeadlyAssassin
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* He appears in the special side missions of VideoGame/AssassinsCreedSyndicate


Added DiffLines:

** [[{{Retcon}} However]], he appears in the special side missions of ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedSyndicate'' as an ally of the assassin Lydia Frye.
8th Mar '16 10:05:31 AM Aquila89
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Churchill had actually been a senior politician for decades. Originally elected as a Conservative in 1900, he changed to the Liberal Party due to his support for free trade. He soon became a cabinet minister and the architect of several of the reforms and welfare programs introduced by the Liberals, but he resigned from the War Cabinet in UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne after the failure of Gallipoli. He lost his seat in 1922, but returned in 1924 and rejoined the Conservatives. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer (finance minister) for the next five years, where he made a disastrous decision to reintroduce the gold standard. Churchill described this as the biggest mistake of his career; it resulted in high unemployment and strikes. He was isolated within the party in the 1930s, but made a political comeback after his opposition to the appeasement of Germany was vindicated.

Churchill took over as Prime Minister after UsefulNotes/NevilleChamberlain resigned in 1940 after the Nazis invaded Norway, and invited the Labour Party to join his government. From 1940-1941, the [[{{UsefulNotes/Britain}} UK]] was the only country fighting against Germany, and Churchill made some of his most famous speeches around this time, which are credited for keeping the country's fighting spirit alive. The situation improved after the [[UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheUSSR USSR]] and UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates joined the following year. Churchill became a close friend of UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt and managed to work effectively with Stalin, despite being strongly anti-communist.

Famously, his party were routed by the Labour Party in a general election a few months after the war ended in Europe. It appears voters considered him to be a fine wartime leader, but were sceptical about his ability to govern the country in peacetime (which mirrors the view historians have of him). He later recovered and won a second term in 1951[[note]]though Labour actually received more votes than the Conservatives in that election.[[/note]], serving until his retirement from frontline politics in 1955. (During this time, [[UsefulNotes/HMTheQueen Elizabeth II]] became Queen.) His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first. He died in 1965, three months after retiring from Parliament, and his state funeral became one of the most watched and attended funerals in history.

Winning a world war (and funding the invention of the tank) will get a lot of people to forget your less popular policies -- and some were very unpopular. Gallipoli and the gold standard are mentioned above. Although, to be fair, the failure of the Gallipoli/Dardanalles campaign was hardly his fault alone; he was just the delicious scapegoat for it. He made a number of blunders as First Lord of the Admiralty in the opening of UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne, largely due to his inexperience with issuing naval orders and his tendency to resort to unnecessarily colorful language, which confused their recipients. He was again isolated in the 1930s due to his opposition to Indian autonomy and the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_VIII_abdication_crisis abdication of Edward VIII]]. Furthermore, in 1943, while PM, he ignored a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_famine_of_1943 famine in Bengal]], which eventually killed 4 million people, though responsibility could be said to lie with local authorities rather than him personally. He expressed disappointment at one point that Gandhi was not one of them, however, which suggests that he wasn't as bothered by it as he should have been.

He was also notably racist, like many people at the time, and supported the use of non-lethal gas on rebellious Iraqis and other "uncivilised tribes" who had been attacking those under nominal British protection. That said, the latter could equally be considered a mark of considerable restraint, since the general response by the British, particularly those of a military background, to such actions was to kill it with fire. Around the same time, he loudly denounced the Amritsar Massacre in India, a bolder move than expected since many British imperialists defended it. He was also known for supporting eugenics and, especially, the British Empire. Both have to be taken in the context of the time, however, with eugenics being wildly popular until Nazism showed the dark side of it, and that most Brits of the time were pro-Empire. He also never won ''the popular vote'' in a British general election: in the 1951 election, Labour actually polled a quarter of a million votes more than him, the most any party had taken at the time, and the most Labour has ever managed. However, a quirk of the system meant that Churchill took the victory (similarly to the way UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush won the 2000 presidential elections in the US).

He'd been in the army before going into politics and was also a war correspondent. He served in both UsefulNotes/TheRiverWar and the UsefulNotes/SecondBoerWar, playing minor but conspicuous roles in each. In the former, he charged with the 21st Lancers at Omdurman; in the latter, he escaped from a Boer POW camp and traveled 300 miles to neutral Portuguese East Africa. He even served briefly in World War I after his resignation from the Cabinet. As well as his Nobel Prize-winning book on the UsefulNotes/SecondWorldWar (not the most reliable source, but an invaluable memoir), he wrote a history of the English-speaking peoples and a largely forgotten political thriller called ''Savrola: A Tale of the Revolution in Laurania''.

He once had a meeting with UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt while he was taking a bath, had little awareness of social mannerisms and sometimes wandered around his house naked. He more or less had a drink with him at all times, thus the, "You, sir, are drunk!", quote. He also suffered from depression, which he called his "black dog". He was also obsessed with what he called "the soft underbelly of Europe" in the Mediterranean, leading to results that varied from disastrous in UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne (Gallipoli/Dardanalles) to merely wasteful (The Italian campaign) in UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo. One little known aspect of this "soft underbelly" is the fact that after supporting ELAS (the Greek Partisans of the resistance against the Nazi Occupation of Greece, comprised of several communists), he immediately turned on them after liberation and tasked Lt. Ronald Scobie to arm and support Greek fascists and their collaborators to hunt down the partisans citing fears of a Communist takeover in the Mediterranean. He later justified it as part of a pre-emptive move during the UsefulNotes/ColdWar but the Greeks saw it as an unjustified act of betrayal from people who had willingly allied with them against the Nazis.

He was given a state funeral on his death in 1965, with a lot of leaders turning up. He is buried in a churchyard in Bladon, Oxfordshire. Up until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005 his funeral was attended by the most heads of states.

Winston Churchill was notably a child of a binational marriage; his mother Jeanette Jerome was an [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates American]] socialite from [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Brooklyn]]. A study of her biography, and that of her father Leonard Jerome, makes it very clear which side of the family Sir Winston got his resiliency from.

In 1963, he became the first person to be granted an honorary citizenship of the United States, and one of only two given this honor while they were alive (the other being Mother Teresa). Including Churchill, there are only seven honorary American citizens. He is also one of the very few non-American citizens to have a U.S. naval vessel named in his honor. (Appropriately, the USS Winston S. Churchill has a Royal Navy guest officer assigned to her company and flies the White Ensign below the Stars and Stripes.)
7th Mar '16 6:12:45 PM Wyldchyld
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[[caption-width-right:239:[[FairForItsDay Not the Prime Minister we deserved,]] [[Film/TheDarkKnight but the Prime Minister we needed]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII right then.]]]]

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[[caption-width-right:239:[[FairForItsDay [[caption-width-right:239:[[Film/TheDarkKnight Not the Prime Minister we deserved,]] [[Film/TheDarkKnight deserved, but the Prime Minister we needed]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII right then.]]]]



Sir '''Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill''' (November 30, 1874 -- January 24, 1965). [[KnightFever Knight of the Garter, Order of Merit, Companion of Honor, Territorial Decoration, Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Fellow of the Royal Society]], [[UsefulNotes/NobelPrizeInLiterature Nobel Laureate]], first Honorary Citizen in United States history, and almost the Duke of London. British Prime Minister from 1940-1945 and again from 1951-55. Best known for helping win UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, and he even won a Nobel Prize for writing about it in a six-volume {{Doorstopper}}.

A very much beloved British Prime Minister, he is famous for his [[DeadpanSnarker constant wit]] (e.g. Bessie Braddock MP: "You, sir, are drunk!" Churchill: "And you are ugly. Tomorrow morning, madam, I shall be sober."), his cigar-smoking (his scowl in the famous portrait, shown above, is because the photographer took his cigar away) and the Victory salute ("the bird" inverted, although ''he'' didn't invert it.)

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Sir '''Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill''' (November 30, 1874 -- January 24, 1965). [[KnightFever Knight of the Garter, Order of Merit, Companion of Honor, Territorial Decoration, Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Fellow of the Royal Society]], [[UsefulNotes/NobelPrizeInLiterature Nobel Laureate]], first Honorary Citizen in United States history, and almost the Duke of London. British Prime Minister from 1940-1945 and again from 1951-55. Best known for helping win UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, and he even won a Nobel Prize for writing about it in a six-volume {{Doorstopper}}.

doorstopper.

A very much beloved British Prime Minister, he is famous for his [[DeadpanSnarker constant wit]] wit (e.g. Bessie Braddock MP: "You, sir, are drunk!" Churchill: "And you are ugly. Tomorrow morning, madam, I shall be sober."), his cigar-smoking (his scowl in the famous portrait, shown above, is because the photographer took his cigar away) and the Victory salute ("the bird" inverted, although ''he'' didn't invert it.)



Churchill took over as Prime Minister after UsefulNotes/NevilleChamberlain resigned in 1940 after the Nazis invaded Norway, and invited the Labour Party to join his government. From 1940-1941, the [[{{UsefulNotes/Britain}} UK]] was the only country fighting against Germany, and Churchill made some of his most famous speeches around this time, which are credited for keeping the country's fighting spirit alive. The situation improved after the [[HistoryOfTheUSSR USSR]] and [[{{UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates}} USA]] joined the following year. Churchill became a close friend of UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt and managed to [[EnemyMine work effectively with Stalin]], despite being strongly anti-communist.

Famously, his party were [[LandslideElection routed by the Labour Party in a general election]] a few months after the war ended in Europe. It appears voters considered him to be a fine wartime leader, but were sceptical about his ability to govern the country in peacetime (which mirrors the view historians have of him). He later recovered and won a second term in 1951[[note]]though Labour actually received more votes than the Conservatives in that election.[[/note]], serving until his retirement from frontline politics in 1955. (During this time, [[UsefulNotes/HMTheQueen Elizabeth II]] became Queen.) [[TheyChangedItNowItSucks His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first]]. He died in 1965, three months after retiring from Parliament, and his state funeral became one of the most watched and attended funerals in history.

Winning a world war (and funding the invention of the [[TankGoodness tank]]) will get a lot of people to forget your less popular policies -- and some were very unpopular. Gallipoli and the gold standard are mentioned above. Although, to be fair, the failure of the Gallipoli/Dardanalles campaign was hardly his fault alone; he was just the delicious scapegoat for it. He made a number of blunders as First Lord of the Admiralty in the opening of WorldWarI, largely due to his inexperience with issuing naval orders and his [[SesquipedalianLoquaciousness tendency to resort to unnecessarily colorful language]], which confused their recipients. He was again isolated in the 1930s due to his opposition to Indian autonomy and the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_VIII_abdication_crisis abdication of Edward VIII]]. Furthermore, in 1943, while PM, he ignored a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_famine_of_1943 famine in Bengal]], which eventually killed 4 million people, though responsibility could be said to lie with local authorities rather than him personally. He expressed disappointment at one point that Gandhi was not one of them, however, which suggests that he wasn't as bothered by it as he should have been.

He was also notably racist, like many people at the time, and supported the use of non-lethal gas on rebellious Iraqis and other "uncivilised tribes" who had been attacking those under nominal British protection. [[FairForItsDay That said, the latter could equally be considered a mark of considerable restraint]], since the general response by the British, particularly those of a military background, to such actions was KillItWithFire. Around the same time, he loudly denounced the Amritsar Massacre in India, a bolder move than expected since many British imperialists defended it. He was also known for supporting eugenics and, especially, the British Empire. Both have to be taken in the context of the time, however, with eugenics being wildly popular until Nazism showed the dark side of it, and that most Brits of the time were pro-Empire. He also never won ''the popular vote'' in a British general election: in the 1951 election, Labour actually polled a quarter of a million votes more than him, the most any party had taken at the time, and the most Labour has ever managed. However, a quirk of the system meant that Churchill took the victory (similarly to the way UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush won the 2000 presidential elections in {{Eagleland}}).

[[OfficerAndAGentleman He'd been in the army before going into politics]] and was also a [[IntrepidReporter war correspondent]]. He served in both UsefulNotes/TheRiverWar and the UsefulNotes/SecondBoerWar, playing minor but conspicuous roles in each. In the former, he charged with the 21st Lancers at Omdurman; in the latter, he escaped from a Boer POW camp and traveled 300 miles to neutral Portuguese East Africa. He even served briefly in World War I after his resignation from the Cabinet. As well as his Nobel Prize-winning book on the UsefulNotes/SecondWorldWar (not the most reliable source, but an invaluable memoir), he wrote [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin a history of the English-speaking peoples]] and a largely forgotten political thriller called ''Savrola: A Tale of the Revolution in Laurania''.

A real-life BunnyEarsLawyer, he once had a meeting with UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt while he was taking a bath, had little awareness of social mannerisms and sometimes wandered around his house naked. He more or less had a drink with him at all times, thus the, "You, sir, are drunk!", quote. [[CerebusSyndrome He also suffered from depression, which he called his "black dog".]] He was also obsessed with what he called "the soft underbelly of Europe" in the Mediterranean, leading to results that varied from disastrous in UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne (Gallipoli/Dardanalles) to merely wasteful (The Italian campaign) in UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo. One little known aspect of this "soft underbelly" is the fact that after supporting ELAS (the Greek Partisans of LaResistance against the Nazi Occupation of Greece, comprised of several communists), he immediately turned on them after liberation [[KickTheDog and tasked Lt. Ronald Scobie to arm and support Greek fascists]] (and LesCollaborateurs) to hunt down the partisans citing fears of a Communist takeover in the Mediterranean. He later justified it as part of a pre-emptive move during the UsefulNotes/ColdWar but the Greeks saw it as an unjustified act of betrayal from people who had willingly allied with them against the Nazis.

He was [[DueToTheDead given a state funeral on his death in 1965, with a lot of leaders turning up]]. He is buried in a churchyard in Bladon, Oxfordshire. Up until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005 his funeral was attended by the most heads of states.

Winston Churchill was notably a child of a binational marriage; his mother Jeanette Jerome was an [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates American]] {{Socialite}} from [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Brooklyn]]. A study of her biography, and that of her father Leonard Jerome, makes it very clear which side of the family Sir Winston got his resiliency from.

to:

Churchill took over as Prime Minister after UsefulNotes/NevilleChamberlain resigned in 1940 after the Nazis invaded Norway, and invited the Labour Party to join his government. From 1940-1941, the [[{{UsefulNotes/Britain}} UK]] was the only country fighting against Germany, and Churchill made some of his most famous speeches around this time, which are credited for keeping the country's fighting spirit alive. The situation improved after the [[HistoryOfTheUSSR [[UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheUSSR USSR]] and [[{{UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates}} USA]] UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates joined the following year. Churchill became a close friend of UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt and managed to [[EnemyMine work effectively with Stalin]], Stalin, despite being strongly anti-communist.

Famously, his party were [[LandslideElection routed by the Labour Party in a general election]] election a few months after the war ended in Europe. It appears voters considered him to be a fine wartime leader, but were sceptical about his ability to govern the country in peacetime (which mirrors the view historians have of him). He later recovered and won a second term in 1951[[note]]though Labour actually received more votes than the Conservatives in that election.[[/note]], serving until his retirement from frontline politics in 1955. (During this time, [[UsefulNotes/HMTheQueen Elizabeth II]] became Queen.) [[TheyChangedItNowItSucks His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first]].first. He died in 1965, three months after retiring from Parliament, and his state funeral became one of the most watched and attended funerals in history.

Winning a world war (and funding the invention of the [[TankGoodness tank]]) tank) will get a lot of people to forget your less popular policies -- and some were very unpopular. Gallipoli and the gold standard are mentioned above. Although, to be fair, the failure of the Gallipoli/Dardanalles campaign was hardly his fault alone; he was just the delicious scapegoat for it. He made a number of blunders as First Lord of the Admiralty in the opening of WorldWarI, UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne, largely due to his inexperience with issuing naval orders and his [[SesquipedalianLoquaciousness tendency to resort to unnecessarily colorful language]], language, which confused their recipients. He was again isolated in the 1930s due to his opposition to Indian autonomy and the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_VIII_abdication_crisis abdication of Edward VIII]]. Furthermore, in 1943, while PM, he ignored a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_famine_of_1943 famine in Bengal]], which eventually killed 4 million people, though responsibility could be said to lie with local authorities rather than him personally. He expressed disappointment at one point that Gandhi was not one of them, however, which suggests that he wasn't as bothered by it as he should have been.

He was also notably racist, like many people at the time, and supported the use of non-lethal gas on rebellious Iraqis and other "uncivilised tribes" who had been attacking those under nominal British protection. [[FairForItsDay That said, the latter could equally be considered a mark of considerable restraint]], restraint, since the general response by the British, particularly those of a military background, to such actions was KillItWithFire.to kill it with fire. Around the same time, he loudly denounced the Amritsar Massacre in India, a bolder move than expected since many British imperialists defended it. He was also known for supporting eugenics and, especially, the British Empire. Both have to be taken in the context of the time, however, with eugenics being wildly popular until Nazism showed the dark side of it, and that most Brits of the time were pro-Empire. He also never won ''the popular vote'' in a British general election: in the 1951 election, Labour actually polled a quarter of a million votes more than him, the most any party had taken at the time, and the most Labour has ever managed. However, a quirk of the system meant that Churchill took the victory (similarly to the way UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush won the 2000 presidential elections in {{Eagleland}}).the US).

[[OfficerAndAGentleman He'd been in the army before going into politics]] politics and was also a [[IntrepidReporter war correspondent]].correspondent. He served in both UsefulNotes/TheRiverWar and the UsefulNotes/SecondBoerWar, playing minor but conspicuous roles in each. In the former, he charged with the 21st Lancers at Omdurman; in the latter, he escaped from a Boer POW camp and traveled 300 miles to neutral Portuguese East Africa. He even served briefly in World War I after his resignation from the Cabinet. As well as his Nobel Prize-winning book on the UsefulNotes/SecondWorldWar (not the most reliable source, but an invaluable memoir), he wrote [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin a history of the English-speaking peoples]] peoples and a largely forgotten political thriller called ''Savrola: A Tale of the Revolution in Laurania''.

A real-life BunnyEarsLawyer, he He once had a meeting with UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt while he was taking a bath, had little awareness of social mannerisms and sometimes wandered around his house naked. He more or less had a drink with him at all times, thus the, "You, sir, are drunk!", quote. [[CerebusSyndrome He also suffered from depression, which he called his "black dog".]] dog". He was also obsessed with what he called "the soft underbelly of Europe" in the Mediterranean, leading to results that varied from disastrous in UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne (Gallipoli/Dardanalles) to merely wasteful (The Italian campaign) in UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo. One little known aspect of this "soft underbelly" is the fact that after supporting ELAS (the Greek Partisans of LaResistance the resistance against the Nazi Occupation of Greece, comprised of several communists), he immediately turned on them after liberation [[KickTheDog and tasked Lt. Ronald Scobie to arm and support Greek fascists]] (and LesCollaborateurs) fascists and their collaborators to hunt down the partisans citing fears of a Communist takeover in the Mediterranean. He later justified it as part of a pre-emptive move during the UsefulNotes/ColdWar but the Greeks saw it as an unjustified act of betrayal from people who had willingly allied with them against the Nazis.

He was [[DueToTheDead given a state funeral on his death in 1965, with a lot of leaders turning up]].up. He is buried in a churchyard in Bladon, Oxfordshire. Up until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005 his funeral was attended by the most heads of states.

Winston Churchill was notably a child of a binational marriage; his mother Jeanette Jerome was an [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates American]] {{Socialite}} socialite from [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Brooklyn]]. A study of her biography, and that of her father Leonard Jerome, makes it very clear which side of the family Sir Winston got his resiliency from.



[[AuthorsOfQuote Many of Churchill's quotes are rightly legendary]], (with his insults even ''more'' legendary. Cracked.com once described him as "handing out third-degree burns like some sort of reverse fireman.") including (as well as our page quote):

* I cannot forecast to you the action of Russia. It is ARiddleWrappedInAMysteryInsideAnEnigma, but perhaps there is a key. That key is Russian national interest.

to:

[[AuthorsOfQuote Many of Churchill's quotes are rightly legendary]], legendary, (with his insults even ''more'' legendary. Cracked.com once described him as "handing out third-degree burns like some sort of reverse fireman.") fireman"), including (as well as our page quote):

* I cannot forecast to you the action of Russia. It is ARiddleWrappedInAMysteryInsideAnEnigma, a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma, but perhaps there is a key. That key is Russian national interest.



* [[{{Eagleland}} One can always trust the United States to do the right thing,]] [[GodzillaThreshold once every possible alternative has been exhausted.]]

to:

* [[{{Eagleland}} One can always trust the United States to do the right thing,]] [[GodzillaThreshold thing, once every possible alternative has been exhausted.]]



* [[SortingAlgorithmOfEvil If Hitler invaded hell I would make at least a favorable reference to the devil in the House of Commons.]]
* History will be kind to me [[WrittenByTheWinners for I intend to write it]].

to:

* [[SortingAlgorithmOfEvil If Hitler invaded hell I would make at least a favorable reference to the devil in the House of Commons.]]
Commons.
* History will be kind to me [[WrittenByTheWinners for I intend to write it]].it.



* He appears in his Secretary of State days in ''PeakyBlinders'', where it's revealed that he's overseeing Campbell's investigation of the BSA robbery personally, as they both believe it's tied to the IRA. [[FunnyMoments Hilariously enough]], Campbell's ''terrified'' of him. Later, at the end of Series 2, [[spoiler:it turns out that the Unionist paramilitaries Campbell had sent to "take care" of Tommy Shelby were actually Churchill's men, and were under orders to let Tommy go free. They weren't nice about it, though]].

to:

* He appears in his Secretary of State days in ''PeakyBlinders'', where it's revealed that he's overseeing Campbell's investigation of the BSA robbery personally, as they both believe it's tied to the IRA. [[FunnyMoments Hilariously enough]], Campbell's ''terrified'' of him. Later, at the end of Series 2, [[spoiler:it turns out that the Unionist paramilitaries Campbell had sent to "take care" of Tommy Shelby were actually Churchill's men, and were under orders to let Tommy go free. They weren't nice about it, though]].
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