History UsefulNotes / WinstonChurchill

25th Jul '16 5:01:44 PM MAI742
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By mid-1943, Churchill had correctly (in a pragmatic and self-interested sense) decided that acting to save Europe's Roma and Jews from destruction by the Axis powers was against Britain's national self-interest. Military historians maintain that this was the correct Realpolitik decision for Britain, though they do not argue about the moral price of non-intervention. Churchill astutely kept the paper-trail on this and all other similarly controversial matters to an absolute minimum by discussing them verbally in meetings with trusted associates. In early 1944 British efforts to prevent the destruction of the European Jews from becoming common knowledge among the British people began failing, whereupon Churchill astutely created a paper trail which implied that his attempts to save the Jews had been stymied by a callous RAF. In his memoirs he claimed that he had not known of The Holocaust until mid-1944, and claimed that the RAF had opposed his efforts to save the Jews because they said that they were physically incapable of disabling the Auschwitz-II/Birkenau facility.



His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first, and is best known for Britain's successful development of nuclear fission bombs in 1952 (tested in Western Australia, inadvertently causing a regional spike in deaths from cancer). Under his leadership the British government also conducted its first studies into the likely effects of a nuclear attack upon their country, began their Cold-War policy of making no provision for the survival of the British population in the event of a nuclear exchange, and worked to prevent the dissemination of information about the effects of nuclear weapons. This was done because the non-provision of shelters and information was deemed necessary in order to save money and prevent mass-panic, demoralisation, and nuclear-disarmament sentiment.

to:

His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first, first. Internationally it was marked by appeasement of German nationalists and is militarists, through cooperation with the Americans to further water down the already febrile 'justice' meted out against Axis War Criminals. In 1953, Churchill personally arranged the illegal release of Albert Kessering and Erich von Manstein - who had neither been acquitted of their War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity nor served their sentences. Domestically Churchill was best known for Britain's successful development of nuclear fission bombs in 1952 (tested in Western Australia, inadvertently causing a regional spike in deaths from cancer). Under his leadership the British government also conducted its first studies into the likely effects of a nuclear attack upon their country, began their Cold-War policy of making no provision for the survival of the British population in the event of a nuclear exchange, and worked to prevent the dissemination of information about the effects of nuclear weapons. This was done because the non-provision of shelters and information was deemed necessary in order to save money and prevent mass-panic, demoralisation, and nuclear-disarmament sentiment.
25th Jul '16 12:40:02 PM brianify
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Unfortunately for Britain, in Spring 1944 Swiss media began detailing the numbers of people being enslaved or killed at [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the Auschwitz-II/Birkenau facility]], completely undermining year-long British efforts to avoid drawing attention to the facility. In response the BBC pretended that it had not known of the true state of affairs at Auschwitz beforehand, and for the first time provided numbers regarding the facility in English. Shortly thereafter, Winston Churchill made a point of sending written memos expressing concern about the goings-on at Auschwitz and calling upon the RAF to develop a plan to stop it. Then, he sat on the plan and made no effort to get the RAF to implement it. This was very similar to Churchill's later memo expressing concern over the necessity of the Dresden firebombing: in their exact wording and tone both memos reflected his emotionality and short attention span, and in their intent both were written for the benefit of his own reputation as a 'Great Man'. Unlike the verbal conversations in which he had learned of Auschwitz in early 1943 and dismissed the possibility of action against it until mid-1944, Churchill knew that written memos would be preserved for posterity. Only a scholar well-acquainted with the real workings of the British government at war, and not swayed by Churchill's cult of personality, would understand that Churchill's proposals and subsequent decisions not to enforce them were entirely reasoned and deliberate.

In his memoirs Churchill also noted that hitting the crematoria or rail lines of Auschwitz-II/Birkenau was virtually impossible from the usual height of over 10,000 feet at which city-bombing missions were usually flown - which was true. However, he avoided mentioning that it was perfectly possible with a low-altitude raid conducted with sufficient bombers like that carried out in the 18th of February 1944 ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Jericho Operation Jericho]]'', successfully conducted to free French Resistance leaders. In any case, whatever of the morality of his decision to allow operations at Auschwitz-II/Birkenau to continue Churchill must be praised for [[RealPolitik his political savvy in realising it furthered Britain's national self-interest]]. Briefly, neither the Jews nor the Roma had countries or resistance movements which Britain could use to fight the Germans or Communist organisations, and many Britons hated both ethnicities (further details in the article on UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust). President Roosevelt and General Secretary Stalin also decided not to act for the same reasons.



Less publicly, Churchill's second term in office meant the reversal of the Attlee government's mild disapproval of ex-Nazis who had been convicted for War Crimes. The Labour government had been torn between the demands of its electorate that such men should pay for their crimes, and pragmatic British interests in ensuring that such men went free. [[note]] They and the Americans had split the difference by reaching an unofficial understanding with the Czechoslovaks, Poles, and Soviets that most of these people would not go to the expensive and highly publicised trials at Nuremberg. Instead, the British and Americans handed most of the alleged War Criminals who were not useful to them over to be tried by eastern European governments [[/note]] Churchill put British interests first for a change, and in 1953 exercised his powers as the acting Foreign Secretary to authorise the early release of Albert Kesselring (retaliatory security measures, execution of POW) and Erich von Manstein (genocide of Jews, execution of POW, Siege of Leningrad, use of Chemical Weapons at Sevastopol, retaliatory destruction of all communities associated with partisan activity, partially successful attempted destruction of all central-western Ukraine's habitable structures and farmland). While neither was actually acquitted of their crimes nor considered to have served their sentences, Churchill made it understood through unofficial channels that no efforts should be made to take either man back into custody once they were released from prison to receive unsupervised medical treatment in their hometowns - even though Manstein neither needed nor asked for such treatment. [[note]] These men were however already going to be released in late 1953 anyway as a result of earlier decision to release all convicted War Criminals by 1956 at the very latest by giving all of them 1/3 reductions in their sentences for "Good Behaviour" [[/note]] These measures made it clear that Britain was the kind of country that could 'do business' with absolutely anyone, earned the British the gratitude of German right-wing politicians, and helped inoculate West German society against Socialism.
28th May '16 11:11:51 AM MAI742
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Unfortunately for Britain, in Spring 1944 Swiss media began detailing the numbers of people being enslaved or killed at [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the Auschwitz-II/Birkenau facility]], completely undermining year-long British efforts to avoid drawing attention to the facility. In response the BBC pretended that it had not known of the true state of affairs at Auschwitz beforehand, and for the first time provided numbers regarding the facility in English. Shortly thereafter, Winston Churchill made a point of sending written memos expressing concern about the goings-on at Auschwitz and calling upon the RAF to develop a plan to stop it. Then, he sat on the plan and made no effort to get the RAF to implement it. This was very similar to Churchill's later memo expressing concern over the necessity of the Dresden firebombing: in their exact wording and tone both memos reflected his emotionality and short attention span, and in their intent both were written for the benefit of his own reputation as a 'Great Man'. Unlike the verbal conversations in which he had learned of Auschwitz in early 1943 and dismissed the possibility of action against it until mid-1944, Churchill knew that written memos would be preserved for posterity. Only a scholar well-acquainted with the real workings of the British government at war would understand that Churchill's decision not to push the RAF into bombing Auschwitz in mid-1944 or halting the firebombing campaign in early 1945 meant that he did not actually want to do either of those things.

In his memoirs Churchill also noted that hitting the crematoria or rail lines of Auschwitz-II/Birkenau was virtually impossible from the usual height of over 10,000 feet at which city-bombing missions were usually flown - which was true. However, he avoided mentioning that it was perfectly possible with a low-altitude raid conducted with sufficient bombers like that carried out in the 18th of February 1944 ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Jericho Operation Jericho]]'', successfully conducted to free French Resistance leaders. In any case, whatever of the morality of his decision to allow operations at Auschwitz-II/Birkenau to continue Churchill must be praised for [[RealPolitik his political savvy in realising it furthered Britain's national self-interest]]. Of course, President Roosevelt and General Secretary Stalin also decided not to act for the same reasons.

to:

Unfortunately for Britain, in Spring 1944 Swiss media began detailing the numbers of people being enslaved or killed at [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the Auschwitz-II/Birkenau facility]], completely undermining year-long British efforts to avoid drawing attention to the facility. In response the BBC pretended that it had not known of the true state of affairs at Auschwitz beforehand, and for the first time provided numbers regarding the facility in English. Shortly thereafter, Winston Churchill made a point of sending written memos expressing concern about the goings-on at Auschwitz and calling upon the RAF to develop a plan to stop it. Then, he sat on the plan and made no effort to get the RAF to implement it. This was very similar to Churchill's later memo expressing concern over the necessity of the Dresden firebombing: in their exact wording and tone both memos reflected his emotionality and short attention span, and in their intent both were written for the benefit of his own reputation as a 'Great Man'. Unlike the verbal conversations in which he had learned of Auschwitz in early 1943 and dismissed the possibility of action against it until mid-1944, Churchill knew that written memos would be preserved for posterity. Only a scholar well-acquainted with the real workings of the British government at war war, and not swayed by Churchill's cult of personality, would understand that Churchill's decision proposals and subsequent decisions not to push the RAF into bombing Auschwitz in mid-1944 or halting the firebombing campaign in early 1945 meant that he did not actually want to do either of those things.enforce them were entirely reasoned and deliberate.

In his memoirs Churchill also noted that hitting the crematoria or rail lines of Auschwitz-II/Birkenau was virtually impossible from the usual height of over 10,000 feet at which city-bombing missions were usually flown - which was true. However, he avoided mentioning that it was perfectly possible with a low-altitude raid conducted with sufficient bombers like that carried out in the 18th of February 1944 ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Jericho Operation Jericho]]'', successfully conducted to free French Resistance leaders. In any case, whatever of the morality of his decision to allow operations at Auschwitz-II/Birkenau to continue Churchill must be praised for [[RealPolitik his political savvy in realising it furthered Britain's national self-interest]]. Of course, Briefly, neither the Jews nor the Roma had countries or resistance movements which Britain could use to fight the Germans or Communist organisations, and many Britons hated both ethnicities (further details in the article on UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust). President Roosevelt and General Secretary Stalin also decided not to act for the same reasons.
28th May '16 10:55:14 AM MAI742
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Unfortunately for Britain, in Spring 1944 Swiss media began detailing the numbers of people being enslaved or killed at the Auschwitz-II/Birkenau facility, completely undermining British efforts to avoid drawing attention to the facility by never giving numbers. In response, the BBC pretended that it had not known of the true state of affairs at Auschwitz beforehand, and for the first time provided numbers regarding the facility in English. Shortly thereafter, Winston Churchill made a point of sending written memos expressing concern about the goings-on at Auschwitz and calling upon the RAF to develop a plan to stop it. Then, he sat on the plan and made no effort to get the RAF to implement it. This was very similar to Churchill's later memo expressing concern over the necessity of the Dresden firebombing, in that both memos were to some extent written for the benefit of historians. Unlike the verbal conversations in which he had learned of Auschwitz in early 1943 and dismissed the possibility of action against it until mid-1944, Churchill knew that written memos would be preserved for posterity - and that only a scholar very well acquainted with the real workings of the British government at war would understand that Churchill's decision not to push the RAF into bombing Auschwitz in mid-1944 or halting the firebombing campaign in early 1945 meant that he did not actually want to do either of those things. In his memoirs Churchill also noted that bombing the crematoria or rail lines of Auschwitz-II/Birkenau was impossible from a height of 10,000 feet - which was true. However, he avoided mentioning that it was perfectly possible with a low-altitude raid conducted with sufficient bombers like that carried out in the 18th of February 1944 ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Jericho Operation Jericho]]'', successfully conducted to free French Resistance leaders. In any case, whatever of the morality of his decision to allow operations at Auschwitz-II/Birkenau to continue Churchill must be praised for [[RealPolitik his political savvy in realising it furthered Britain's national self-interest]]. Of course, President Roosevelt and General Secretary Stalin also decided not to act for the same reasons.

to:

Unfortunately for Britain, in Spring 1944 Swiss media began detailing the numbers of people being enslaved or killed at [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust the Auschwitz-II/Birkenau facility, facility]], completely undermining year-long British efforts to avoid drawing attention to the facility by never giving numbers. facility. In response, response the BBC pretended that it had not known of the true state of affairs at Auschwitz beforehand, and for the first time provided numbers regarding the facility in English. Shortly thereafter, Winston Churchill made a point of sending written memos expressing concern about the goings-on at Auschwitz and calling upon the RAF to develop a plan to stop it. Then, he sat on the plan and made no effort to get the RAF to implement it. This was very similar to Churchill's later memo expressing concern over the necessity of the Dresden firebombing, firebombing: in that their exact wording and tone both memos reflected his emotionality and short attention span, and in their intent both were to some extent written for the benefit of historians. his own reputation as a 'Great Man'. Unlike the verbal conversations in which he had learned of Auschwitz in early 1943 and dismissed the possibility of action against it until mid-1944, Churchill knew that written memos would be preserved for posterity - and that only posterity. Only a scholar very well acquainted well-acquainted with the real workings of the British government at war would understand that Churchill's decision not to push the RAF into bombing Auschwitz in mid-1944 or halting the firebombing campaign in early 1945 meant that he did not actually want to do either of those things. things.

In his memoirs Churchill also noted that bombing hitting the crematoria or rail lines of Auschwitz-II/Birkenau was virtually impossible from a the usual height of over 10,000 feet at which city-bombing missions were usually flown - which was true. However, he avoided mentioning that it was perfectly possible with a low-altitude raid conducted with sufficient bombers like that carried out in the 18th of February 1944 ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Jericho Operation Jericho]]'', successfully conducted to free French Resistance leaders. In any case, whatever of the morality of his decision to allow operations at Auschwitz-II/Birkenau to continue Churchill must be praised for [[RealPolitik his political savvy in realising it furthered Britain's national self-interest]]. Of course, President Roosevelt and General Secretary Stalin also decided not to act for the same reasons.
28th May '16 10:48:59 AM MAI742
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Added DiffLines:

Unfortunately for Britain, in Spring 1944 Swiss media began detailing the numbers of people being enslaved or killed at the Auschwitz-II/Birkenau facility, completely undermining British efforts to avoid drawing attention to the facility by never giving numbers. In response, the BBC pretended that it had not known of the true state of affairs at Auschwitz beforehand, and for the first time provided numbers regarding the facility in English. Shortly thereafter, Winston Churchill made a point of sending written memos expressing concern about the goings-on at Auschwitz and calling upon the RAF to develop a plan to stop it. Then, he sat on the plan and made no effort to get the RAF to implement it. This was very similar to Churchill's later memo expressing concern over the necessity of the Dresden firebombing, in that both memos were to some extent written for the benefit of historians. Unlike the verbal conversations in which he had learned of Auschwitz in early 1943 and dismissed the possibility of action against it until mid-1944, Churchill knew that written memos would be preserved for posterity - and that only a scholar very well acquainted with the real workings of the British government at war would understand that Churchill's decision not to push the RAF into bombing Auschwitz in mid-1944 or halting the firebombing campaign in early 1945 meant that he did not actually want to do either of those things. In his memoirs Churchill also noted that bombing the crematoria or rail lines of Auschwitz-II/Birkenau was impossible from a height of 10,000 feet - which was true. However, he avoided mentioning that it was perfectly possible with a low-altitude raid conducted with sufficient bombers like that carried out in the 18th of February 1944 ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Jericho Operation Jericho]]'', successfully conducted to free French Resistance leaders. In any case, whatever of the morality of his decision to allow operations at Auschwitz-II/Birkenau to continue Churchill must be praised for [[RealPolitik his political savvy in realising it furthered Britain's national self-interest]]. Of course, President Roosevelt and General Secretary Stalin also decided not to act for the same reasons.
14th May '16 1:44:14 PM TheOneWhoTropes
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* [[TheGhost Frequently mentioned but rarely seen]] in the {{Timeline-191}} AlternateHistory series by Creator/HarryTurtledove. When Britain allies with the Confederacy and loses the UsefulNotes/FirstWorldWar, he becomes Prime Minister in a coalition with [[ThoseWackyNazis Oswald Mosley's]] Blackshirts on a platform of revanchism. [[spoiler: He is forced to resign when London, Brighton and Norwich are destroyed by German atomic bombs and the British counterattack is defeated]]. Every time he is mentioned, characters reflect on his gift of the gab (EVERY TIME).

to:

* [[TheGhost Frequently mentioned but rarely seen]] in the {{Timeline-191}} Literature/Timeline191 AlternateHistory series by Creator/HarryTurtledove. When Britain allies with the Confederacy and loses the UsefulNotes/FirstWorldWar, he becomes Prime Minister in a coalition with [[ThoseWackyNazis Oswald Mosley's]] Blackshirts on a platform of revanchism. [[spoiler: He is forced to resign when London, Brighton and Norwich are destroyed by German atomic bombs and the British counterattack is defeated]]. Every time he is mentioned, characters reflect on his gift of the gab (EVERY TIME).
11th May '16 3:21:04 AM Morgenthaler
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* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedII'' gives him a HistoricalVillainUpgrade, in which he was a member of TheKnightsTemplar and actually helped ''masterminded'' World War II along with FDR and Hitler. [[{{Retcon}} However]], he appears in the special side missions of ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedSyndicate'' as an ally of the assassin Lydia Frye.

to:

* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedII'' gives him a HistoricalVillainUpgrade, in which he was a member of TheKnightsTemplar UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar and actually helped ''masterminded'' World War II along with FDR and Hitler. [[{{Retcon}} However]], he appears in the special side missions of ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedSyndicate'' as an ally of the assassin Lydia Frye.
8th Apr '16 6:53:47 PM Wyldchyld
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Sir '''Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill''' (November 30, 1874 -- January 24, 1965). [[KnightFever Knight of the Garter, Order of Merit, Companion of Honor, Territorial Decoration, Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Fellow of the Royal Society]], [[UsefulNotes/NobelPrizeInLiterature Nobel Laureate]], first Honorary Citizen in United States history, and almost the Duke of London. British Prime Minister from 1940-1945 and again from 1951-55. Best known for helping win UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, and he even won a Nobel Prize for writing about it in a six-volume doorstopper.

to:

Sir '''Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill''' (November 30, 1874 -- January 24, 1965). [[KnightFever [[UsefulNotes/KnightFever Knight of the Garter, Order of Merit, Companion of Honor, Territorial Decoration, Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Fellow of the Royal Society]], [[UsefulNotes/NobelPrizeInLiterature Nobel Laureate]], first Honorary Citizen in United States history, and almost the Duke of London. British Prime Minister from 1940-1945 and again from 1951-55. Best known for helping win UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, and he even won a Nobel Prize for writing about it in a six-volume doorstopper.



His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first, and is best known for Britain's successful development of nuclear fission bombs in 1952 (tested in Western Australia, inadvertantly causing a regional spike in deaths from cancer). Under his leadership the British government also conducted its first studies into the likely effects of a nuclear attack upon their country, began their Cold-War policy of making no provision for the survival of the British population in the event of a nuclear exchange, and worked to prevent the dissemination of information about the effects of nuclear weapons. This was done because the non-provision of shelters and information was deemed necessary in order to save money and prevent mass-panic, demoralisation, and nuclear-disarmament sentiment.

Less publicly, Churchill's second term in office meant the reversal of the Attlee government's mild disapproval of ex-Nazis who had been convicted for War Crimes. The Labour government had been torn between the demands of its electorate that such men should pay for their crimes, and pragmatic British interests in ensuring that such men went free. [[note]] They and the Americans had split the difference by reaching an unofficial understanding with the Czechoslovaks, Poles, and Soviets that most of these people would not go to the expensive and highly publicised trials at Nuremberg. Instead, the British and Americans handed most of the alleged War Criminals who were not useful to them over to be tried by eastern European governments [[/note]] Churchill put British interests first for a change, and in 1953 exercised his powers as the acting Foreign Secretary to authorise the early release of Albert Kesselring (retaliatory security measures, execution of POW) and Erich von Manstein (genocide of Jews, execution of POW, Siege of Leningrad, use of Chemical Weapons at Sevastopol, retaliatory destruction of all communities associated with partisan activity, partially successful attempted destruction of all central-western Ukraine's habitable structures and farmland). While neither was actually acquitted of their crimes nor considered to have served their sentences, Churchill made it understood through unofficial channels that no efforts should be made to take either man back into custody once they were released from prison to receive unsupervised medical treatment in their hometowns - even though Manstein neither needed nor asked for such treatment. [[note]] These men were however already going to be released in late 1953 anyway as a result of earlier decision to release all convicted War Criminals by 1956 at the very latest by giving all of them 1/3 reductions in their sentences for "Good Behaviour" [[/note]] These measures made it clear that Britain was the kind of country that could 'do business' with absolutely anyone, earned the British the gratitude of German right-wing politicians, and helped innoculate West German society against Socialism.

to:

His second term as Prime Minister is generally regarded a lot less favourably than his first, and is best known for Britain's successful development of nuclear fission bombs in 1952 (tested in Western Australia, inadvertantly inadvertently causing a regional spike in deaths from cancer). Under his leadership the British government also conducted its first studies into the likely effects of a nuclear attack upon their country, began their Cold-War policy of making no provision for the survival of the British population in the event of a nuclear exchange, and worked to prevent the dissemination of information about the effects of nuclear weapons. This was done because the non-provision of shelters and information was deemed necessary in order to save money and prevent mass-panic, demoralisation, and nuclear-disarmament sentiment.

Less publicly, Churchill's second term in office meant the reversal of the Attlee government's mild disapproval of ex-Nazis who had been convicted for War Crimes. The Labour government had been torn between the demands of its electorate that such men should pay for their crimes, and pragmatic British interests in ensuring that such men went free. [[note]] They and the Americans had split the difference by reaching an unofficial understanding with the Czechoslovaks, Poles, and Soviets that most of these people would not go to the expensive and highly publicised trials at Nuremberg. Instead, the British and Americans handed most of the alleged War Criminals who were not useful to them over to be tried by eastern European governments [[/note]] Churchill put British interests first for a change, and in 1953 exercised his powers as the acting Foreign Secretary to authorise the early release of Albert Kesselring (retaliatory security measures, execution of POW) and Erich von Manstein (genocide of Jews, execution of POW, Siege of Leningrad, use of Chemical Weapons at Sevastopol, retaliatory destruction of all communities associated with partisan activity, partially successful attempted destruction of all central-western Ukraine's habitable structures and farmland). While neither was actually acquitted of their crimes nor considered to have served their sentences, Churchill made it understood through unofficial channels that no efforts should be made to take either man back into custody once they were released from prison to receive unsupervised medical treatment in their hometowns - even though Manstein neither needed nor asked for such treatment. [[note]] These men were however already going to be released in late 1953 anyway as a result of earlier decision to release all convicted War Criminals by 1956 at the very latest by giving all of them 1/3 reductions in their sentences for "Good Behaviour" [[/note]] These measures made it clear that Britain was the kind of country that could 'do business' with absolutely anyone, earned the British the gratitude of German right-wing politicians, and helped innoculate inoculate West German society against Socialism.



* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedII'' gives him a HistoricalVillainUpgrade, in which he was a member of TheKnightsTemplar and actually helped ''masterminded'' World War II along with FDR and Hitler.
** [[{{Retcon}} However]], he appears in the special side missions of ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedSyndicate'' as an ally of the assassin Lydia Frye.

to:

* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedII'' gives him a HistoricalVillainUpgrade, in which he was a member of TheKnightsTemplar and actually helped ''masterminded'' World War II along with FDR and Hitler.
**
Hitler. [[{{Retcon}} However]], he appears in the special side missions of ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedSyndicate'' as an ally of the assassin Lydia Frye.
31st Mar '16 10:44:57 PM YZQ
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Churchill died in 1965, three months after retiring from Parliament, and his state funeral became one of the most watched and attended funerals in history.

to:

Churchill died in 1965, three months after retiring from Parliament, and his state funeral became one of the most watched and attended funerals in history.
history. He is buried in a churchyard in Bladon, Oxfordshire. Up until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005, his funeral was attended by the most heads of states.



He was given a state funeral on his death in 1965, with a lot of leaders turning up. He is buried in a churchyard in Bladon, Oxfordshire. Up until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005 his funeral was attended by the most heads of states.

Winston Churchill was notably a child of a binational marriage; his mother Jeanette Jerome was an [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates American]] socialite from [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Brooklyn]]. A study of her biography, and that of her father Leonard Jerome, makes it very clear which side of the family Sir Winston got his resiliency from.

to:

He was given a state funeral on his death in 1965, with a lot of leaders turning up. He is buried in a churchyard in Bladon, Oxfordshire. Up until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005 his funeral was attended by the most heads of states.

Winston
Churchill was notably a child of a binational marriage; his mother Jeanette Jerome was an [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates American]] socialite from [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity Brooklyn]]. A study of her biography, and that of her father Leonard Jerome, makes it very clear which side of the family Sir Winston got his resiliency from.
31st Mar '16 10:38:56 PM YZQ
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[[caption-width-right:239:[[Film/TheDarkKnight Not the Prime Minister we deserved, but the Prime Minister we needed]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII right then.]][[note]]Yousuf Karsh, the photographer took [[http://acurator.com/blog/2015/01/winston-churchill-by-yousuf-karsh-the-smiling-portrait.html another (less famous) photo at the same occasion]], which showed Churchill smiling. Indeed, Lady Churchill detested the scowling photo as she knew that it did not reflect her husband's actual mood at the time, having just delivered a very well-received talk.[[/note]]]]

to:

[[caption-width-right:239:[[Film/TheDarkKnight Not the Prime Minister we deserved, but the Prime Minister we needed]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII right then.]][[note]]Yousuf Karsh, the photographer Karsh (the photographer) took [[http://acurator.com/blog/2015/01/winston-churchill-by-yousuf-karsh-the-smiling-portrait.html another (less famous) photo at the same occasion]], which showed Churchill smiling. Indeed, Lady Churchill detested the scowling photo photo, as she knew that it did not reflect her husband's actual mood at the time, having just delivered a very well-received talk.[[/note]]]]
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