History UsefulNotes / TheTeutonicKnights

21st Oct '17 3:06:06 PM nombretomado
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** In the novel ''Literature/RedStormRising'', this film is shown on Russian TV shortly before the main FalseFlagOperation (detonating a bomb at the Kremlin and blaming WestGermany).

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** In the novel ''Literature/RedStormRising'', this film is shown on Russian TV shortly before the main FalseFlagOperation (detonating a bomb at the Kremlin and blaming WestGermany).UsefulNotes/WestGermany).
13th Oct '17 1:11:04 PM emperors
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* They also appear in the Ridley Scott epic ''Film/KingdomOfHeaven'' as three assassins sent to kill Balian of Ibelin. They are not referred as such, but they do dress like Knights Teutonic.
18th Sep '17 10:10:18 AM Morgenthaler
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* Thurim in ''ComicBook/RequiemVampireKnight'' used to be one, though he was already evil then. He accidentally caused them to lose the Battle of the Ice by using an overpowered artifact which broke through the ice (his comrades praying as they sank).

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* Thurim in ''ComicBook/RequiemVampireKnight'' used to be one, though he was already evil then.then, secretly being a devil worshipper who was only using his status as a crusader to cover his real objectives. He accidentally caused them to lose the Battle of the Ice by using an overpowered artifact which broke through the ice (his comrades praying as they sank).
16th May '17 9:50:58 AM nombretomado
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* Henryk Sienkiewicz's ''Krzyżacy'' (''Literature/TheKnightsOfTheCross''). The Teutonic Knights are (almost to the last man) AlwaysChaoticEvil stand-in for Germans, Poles are all noble and brave, and there is [[MySpeciesDothProtestTooMuch a decent guest of the Order]] who is there to be repulsed by how the Knights turn out to be. In case you haven't already guessed, it was written around the time when UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} was being ruled by the [[UsefulNotes/TheSoundOfMartialMusic Austrians]] and [[UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}} Prussians]] (and the [[TsaristRussia Russians]]).

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* Henryk Sienkiewicz's ''Krzyżacy'' (''Literature/TheKnightsOfTheCross''). The Teutonic Knights are (almost to the last man) AlwaysChaoticEvil stand-in for Germans, Poles are all noble and brave, and there is [[MySpeciesDothProtestTooMuch a decent guest of the Order]] who is there to be repulsed by how the Knights turn out to be. In case you haven't already guessed, it was written around the time when UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} was being ruled by the [[UsefulNotes/TheSoundOfMartialMusic Austrians]] and [[UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}} Prussians]] (and the [[TsaristRussia [[UsefulNotes/TsaristRussia Russians]]).
7th May '17 1:43:00 PM Chabal2
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* Available to the German civilization as a Heavy Mounted unit in ''VideoGame/EmpireEarth2''. The German campaign has you play as the Order for a few levels, giving the even better Teutonic Crusader: fast, tough horsemen that can convert enemies.

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* Available to the German civilization as a Heavy Mounted unit in ''VideoGame/EmpireEarth2''.''VideoGame/EmpireEarth 2''. The German campaign has you play as the Order for a few levels, giving the even better Teutonic Crusader: fast, tough horsemen that can convert enemies.
7th May '17 1:42:08 PM Chabal2
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* Available to the German civilization as a Heavy Mounted unit in ''VideoGame/EmpireEarth2''. The German campaign has you play as the Order for a few levels, giving the even better Teutonic Crusader: fast, tough horsemen that can convert enemies.
23rd Mar '17 4:45:48 PM DarkPhoenix94
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The ''Deutsche Orden'' (Latin, ''Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum'' (OT) or the "Order of the House of St. Mary of the Germans in Jerusalem") is a Roman Catholic and monastic religious order, more commonly known as "'''The Teutonic Knights'''." They are considered to be the ancestor for the popular set of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prussian_virtues virtues]] known as ''GermanicEfficiency''. Traditionally founded ''c.'' 1190 A.D. by merchants from Bremen and Lübeck in Acre as a hospital service for Germans in the Holy Land, by 1198 it imitated the older crusading orders, the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Hospitallers]] and [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar Templars]], in acquiring knightly brothers whose original mission was to protect pilgrims, but who soon expanded their activities to include military actions against Muslim enemies of the Crusading states. Like the Templars, whose rule they substantially adopted, they wore as their habit a white mantle with a cross, but a black rather than a red one. (It would be some time before the form was standardized into the ''Tatzenkreuz'' or "Cross patée" version borne today;)

After the decline of the Crusader States in [[TheHighMiddleAges the early thirteenth century]], they sought other fields of operation. Under the most important of the early Grand Masters ''Hochmeister'' ( literally "High Master") Hermann von Salza (1209-1239), a [[UsefulNotes/TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland Thuringian]] knight who was a favorite of both [[UsefulNotes/ThePope Pope Gregory IX]] and of the [[UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II]], the Order expanded first into the so-called ''Burzenland'' of Transylvania, and then, after their expulsion therefrom by the King of Hungary, into the Baltic area at the request of Conrad, Duke of Masovia, to crusade against the heathen ''Pruzzi'' (a people speaking a now-extinct language related to Lithuanian and Latvian) -- after Hermann had carefully made sure that all lands conquered by the Order were to be administered by it. This was the foundation of the so-called ''Ordensstaat'' (or "Order-state"). After the fall of Acre in 1291, the Grand Masters moved their residence first to Venice, and then in 1309 to the Marienburg (now ''Malbork'' in Poland).

The Livonian Brothers of the Sword were an originally unrelated crusading group, but were eventually absorbed into the Teutonic Knights as the Livonian Order. Consequently this article (like many others) tends to lump them in together, but an important distinction is that the Livonian Order ruled the northern territory of Latvia-Estonia, whereas the Teutonic Knights controlled East and West Prussia -- conquering Lithuania would have united the two. UsefulNotes/ThePope turned the Knights' attention to fighting not just the pagan Lithuanians, but also the Russian "schismatics" (hence their appearance as [[{{Expy}} stand-ins]] for the [[ThoseWackyNazis Nazis]] in Creator/SergeiEisenstein's ''Film/AlexanderNevsky'').

As the various Pruzzi tribes were conquered, the Order settled the land with German colonists, developing a powerful and sophisticated civilization outside the borders of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire (though at least at first under nominal suzerainty of the Emperor), which was controlled wholly by the representative of the Order in each particular territory (the ''Landmeister'') and gradually integrating the natives into it. After the conquest of Prussia had been completed, the Order expanded eastward, throughout [[TheLateMiddleAges the 14th and 15th centuries]] -- or at least tried to.

The very success of the Order brought about its downfall. Having substantially converted the heathen populace of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia, they came into jurisdictional conflict with the now converted natives, particularly after 1386, when Jogaila, the leader of the Lithuanians, was baptized and became the Christian King Władysław Jagiello of Poland. Recriminations and open warfare between the Order and the Poles were the result, with the latter gradually gaining the upper hand. The defeat in the battle of Grunwald (German name: Tannenberg, 15 July, 1410) and a rebellion by the local nobility and cities aided by a Polish intervention (1455-1466) resulted in the Order sustaining large territorial losses and having to accept Polish suzerainty over the part of East Prussia they retained. Due to the loss of Marienburg, the Order had to move its residence to Königsberg (modern Kaliningrad).

The worst challenge to the Order, however, came with the Protestant Reformation. In 1525, the Grand Master, Albert I of the Brandenburg branch of the House of Hohenzollern, converted to Lutheranism and repudiated his vows and seized upon the lands of the Order, making himself the first Duke of UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}}. Many of the knightly brethren followed suit, while others remained faithful to Catholicism. The Grand Mastership thereafter reverted to the ''Landmaster'' within the Kingdom of Germany, who became known as the ''Hoch und Deutschmeister''. After the Hohenzollern dukes of Prussia became extinct in 1618, their title and lands were inherited by their cousins, the Margraves of Brandenburg, who went on to found the Kingdom of Prussia and eventually [[UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany the German Empire]].

to:

The ''Deutsche Orden'' (Latin, ''Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum'' (OT) or the "Order of the House of St. Mary of the Germans in Jerusalem") is a Roman Catholic and monastic religious order, more commonly known as "'''The Teutonic Knights'''." They are considered to be the ancestor for the popular set of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prussian_virtues virtues]] known as ''GermanicEfficiency''. Traditionally founded ''c.'' 1190 A.D. by merchants from Bremen and Lübeck in Acre as a hospital service for Germans in the Holy Land, Land (on the grounds that neither Richard the Lionheart nor Philip of France particularly liked or cared about the German crusaders), by 1198 it imitated the older crusading orders, the [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Hospitallers]] and [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar Templars]], in acquiring knightly brothers whose original mission was to protect pilgrims, but who soon expanded their activities to include military actions against Muslim enemies of the Crusading states. Like the Templars, whose rule they substantially adopted, they wore as their habit a white mantle with a cross, but a black rather than a red one. (It would be some time before the form was standardized into the ''Tatzenkreuz'' or "Cross patée" version borne today;)

After Even before the decline of the Crusader States in [[TheHighMiddleAges the early thirteenth century]], they sought other fields of operation. operation, since the Hospitallers and Templars dominated pretty much all the available real estate in the Middle East and Cyprus. Under the most important of the early Grand Masters ''Hochmeister'' ( literally "High Master") Hermann von Salza (1209-1239), a [[UsefulNotes/TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland Thuringian]] knight who was a favorite favourite of both [[UsefulNotes/ThePope Pope Gregory IX]] and of the [[UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II]], II]] and established the Order's habit of trying to remain in the good books of both the Papacy and the Empire, the Order expanded first into the so-called ''Burzenland'' of Transylvania, acting as a bulwark against the Pagan Cumans who tended to raid through the Carpathians. They were remarkably successful at this and significantly expanded their granted territory and then, after an uncertain incident which seems to have involved them trying to get their expulsion therefrom by land put under Papal sovereignty (essentially swiping it from under the King of Hungary, Andrew II's, nose) and their resultant expulsion in 1225. Then, in 1226, they were invited into the Baltic area at the request of Conrad, Duke of Masovia, to crusade against the heathen ''Pruzzi'' ''Prusai'' (a people speaking a now-extinct language related to Lithuanian and Latvian) who he'd annoyed one time too many and wanted dealt with while he turned his attention to scrapping with his relatives over the Grand Duchy of Poland. The Knights accepted in 1230 -- after Hermann had carefully made sure that all lands conquered by the Order were to be administered by it. This was the foundation of the so-called ''Ordensstaat'' (or "Order-state"). After the fall of Acre in 1291, the Grand Masters moved their residence first to Venice, and then in 1309 to the Marienburg (now ''Malbork'' in Poland).

The Livonian Brothers of the Sword were an originally unrelated crusading group, but were eventually reluctantly absorbed into the Teutonic Knights (who had previously inspected them and stated that they wanted nothing to do with them, until the Pope forced them) as the Livonian Order. Consequently this article (like many others) tends to lump them in together, but an important distinction is that the Livonian Order ruled the northern territory of Latvia-Estonia, whereas the Teutonic Knights controlled East and West Prussia -- conquering Lithuania would have united the two. two (and created arguably the most powerful state in Northern Europe). UsefulNotes/ThePope turned the Knights' attention to fighting not just the pagan Lithuanians, but also the Russian "schismatics" in the form of the Republic of Novgorod (hence their appearance as [[{{Expy}} stand-ins]] for the [[ThoseWackyNazis Nazis]] in Creator/SergeiEisenstein's ''Film/AlexanderNevsky'').''Film/AlexanderNevsky''), who they were gearing up to fight anyway, over control of the mouth of the Volga (which in turn controlled trade down into Eastern Europe, the Balkans and the Black Sea) and the Baltic.

As the various Pruzzi Prusai tribes were conquered, the Order settled the land with German colonists, developing a powerful and sophisticated civilization outside the borders of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire (though at least at first under nominal suzerainty of the Emperor), which was controlled wholly by the representative of the Order in each particular territory (the ''Landmeister'') and gradually integrating the natives into it. After the conquest of Prussia had been completed, the Order expanded eastward, throughout [[TheLateMiddleAges the 14th and 15th centuries]] -- or at least tried to.

The very success of the Order (by the late 14th century it was successful enough that it had turned Crusading into a package tour industry for Europe's knights in between rounds of UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar, with one participant being a certain Henry Bolingbroke - later Henry IV of England) brought about its downfall. Having substantially converted the heathen populace of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia, they came into jurisdictional conflict with the now converted natives, particularly after 1386, when Jogaila, the leader of the Lithuanians, was baptized and became the Christian King Władysław Jagiello of Poland. Recriminations The Order refused to accept that the Lithuanians were Christian, and recriminations and open warfare between the Order and the Poles were the result, with the latter gradually gaining the upper hand. The defeat in the battle of Grunwald (German name: Tannenberg, 15 July, 1410) and a rebellion by the local nobility and cities aided by a Polish intervention (1455-1466) resulted in the Order sustaining large territorial losses and having to accept Polish suzerainty over the part of East Prussia they retained. Due to the loss of Marienburg, the Order had to move its residence to Königsberg (modern Kaliningrad).

The worst challenge to the Order, however, came with the Protestant Reformation. In 1525, the Grand Master, Albert I of the Brandenburg branch of the House of Hohenzollern, converted to Lutheranism and Lutheranism, repudiated his vows and seized upon the lands of the Order, making himself the first Duke of UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}}. Many of the knightly brethren followed suit, while others remained faithful to Catholicism. The Grand Mastership thereafter reverted to the ''Landmaster'' within the Kingdom of Germany, who became known as the ''Hoch und Deutschmeister''. After the Hohenzollern dukes of Prussia became extinct in 1618, their title and lands were inherited by their cousins, the Margraves of Brandenburg, who went on to found the Kingdom of Prussia and eventually [[UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany the German Empire]].
5th Mar '17 11:15:50 AM Morgenthaler
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As the various Pruzzi tribes were conquered, the Order settled the land with German colonists, developing a powerful and sophisticated civilization outside the borders of the HolyRomanEmpire (though at least at first under nominal suzerainty of the Emperor), which was controlled wholly by the representative of the Order in each particular territory (the ''Landmeister'') and gradually integrating the natives into it. After the conquest of Prussia had been completed, the Order expanded eastward, throughout [[TheLateMiddleAges the 14th and 15th centuries]] -- or at least tried to.

to:

As the various Pruzzi tribes were conquered, the Order settled the land with German colonists, developing a powerful and sophisticated civilization outside the borders of the HolyRomanEmpire UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire (though at least at first under nominal suzerainty of the Emperor), which was controlled wholly by the representative of the Order in each particular territory (the ''Landmeister'') and gradually integrating the natives into it. After the conquest of Prussia had been completed, the Order expanded eastward, throughout [[TheLateMiddleAges the 14th and 15th centuries]] -- or at least tried to.
24th Sep '16 4:38:15 AM Morgenthaler
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* On ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' the [[MoeAnthropomorphism character]] {{Prussia}} ''was'' the Teutonic Order before becoming Brandenburg-Prussia. At least one strip shows him and several Teutonic Knights in battle with Poland. He "grows up" having gained Baltic territory -- his child-form interacts with Hungary and gallivants around the Burzenland.

to:

* On ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' the [[MoeAnthropomorphism character]] {{Prussia}} UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}} ''was'' the Teutonic Order before becoming Brandenburg-Prussia. At least one strip shows him and several Teutonic Knights in battle with Poland. He "grows up" having gained Baltic territory -- his child-form interacts with Hungary and gallivants around the Burzenland.
24th Sep '16 4:07:31 AM Morgenthaler
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The worst challenge to the Order, however, came with the Protestant Reformation. In 1525, the Grand Master, Albert I of the Brandenburg branch of the House of Hohenzollern, converted to Lutheranism and repudiated his vows and seized upon the lands of the Order, making himself the first Duke of {{Prussia}}. Many of the knightly brethren followed suit, while others remained faithful to Catholicism. The Grand Mastership thereafter reverted to the ''Landmaster'' within the Kingdom of Germany, who became known as the ''Hoch und Deutschmeister''. After the Hohenzollern dukes of Prussia became extinct in 1618, their title and lands were inherited by their cousins, the Margraves of Brandenburg, who went on to found the Kingdom of Prussia and eventually [[UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany the German Empire]].

to:

The worst challenge to the Order, however, came with the Protestant Reformation. In 1525, the Grand Master, Albert I of the Brandenburg branch of the House of Hohenzollern, converted to Lutheranism and repudiated his vows and seized upon the lands of the Order, making himself the first Duke of {{Prussia}}.UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}}. Many of the knightly brethren followed suit, while others remained faithful to Catholicism. The Grand Mastership thereafter reverted to the ''Landmaster'' within the Kingdom of Germany, who became known as the ''Hoch und Deutschmeister''. After the Hohenzollern dukes of Prussia became extinct in 1618, their title and lands were inherited by their cousins, the Margraves of Brandenburg, who went on to found the Kingdom of Prussia and eventually [[UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany the German Empire]].
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