History UsefulNotes / TheTeutonicKnights

24th Sep '16 4:38:15 AM Morgenthaler
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* On ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' the [[MoeAnthropomorphism character]] {{Prussia}} ''was'' the Teutonic Order before becoming Brandenburg-Prussia. At least one strip shows him and several Teutonic Knights in battle with Poland. He "grows up" having gained Baltic territory -- his child-form interacts with Hungary and gallivants around the Burzenland.

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* On ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' the [[MoeAnthropomorphism character]] {{Prussia}} UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}} ''was'' the Teutonic Order before becoming Brandenburg-Prussia. At least one strip shows him and several Teutonic Knights in battle with Poland. He "grows up" having gained Baltic territory -- his child-form interacts with Hungary and gallivants around the Burzenland.
24th Sep '16 4:07:31 AM Morgenthaler
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The worst challenge to the Order, however, came with the Protestant Reformation. In 1525, the Grand Master, Albert I of the Brandenburg branch of the House of Hohenzollern, converted to Lutheranism and repudiated his vows and seized upon the lands of the Order, making himself the first Duke of {{Prussia}}. Many of the knightly brethren followed suit, while others remained faithful to Catholicism. The Grand Mastership thereafter reverted to the ''Landmaster'' within the Kingdom of Germany, who became known as the ''Hoch und Deutschmeister''. After the Hohenzollern dukes of Prussia became extinct in 1618, their title and lands were inherited by their cousins, the Margraves of Brandenburg, who went on to found the Kingdom of Prussia and eventually [[UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany the German Empire]].

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The worst challenge to the Order, however, came with the Protestant Reformation. In 1525, the Grand Master, Albert I of the Brandenburg branch of the House of Hohenzollern, converted to Lutheranism and repudiated his vows and seized upon the lands of the Order, making himself the first Duke of {{Prussia}}.UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}}. Many of the knightly brethren followed suit, while others remained faithful to Catholicism. The Grand Mastership thereafter reverted to the ''Landmaster'' within the Kingdom of Germany, who became known as the ''Hoch und Deutschmeister''. After the Hohenzollern dukes of Prussia became extinct in 1618, their title and lands were inherited by their cousins, the Margraves of Brandenburg, who went on to found the Kingdom of Prussia and eventually [[UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany the German Empire]].
6th Sep '16 1:42:00 AM Morgenthaler
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* The Teutonic Knights appear in the ''VideoGame/RedAlert3Paradox'' mod as part of the Order of the Talon along with UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar and TheKnightsHospitallers, and specifically are represented by the Chevalier unit. In the Paradox timeline, the Teutonic Knights were virtually extinct until Talon heroine Lady Maria revived them as an AmazonBrigade comprised of her handpicked students.

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* The Teutonic Knights appear in the ''VideoGame/RedAlert3Paradox'' mod as part of the Order of the Talon along with UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar and TheKnightsHospitallers, UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers, and specifically are represented by the Chevalier unit. In the Paradox timeline, the Teutonic Knights were virtually extinct until Talon heroine Lady Maria revived them as an AmazonBrigade comprised of her handpicked students.
3rd Sep '16 11:27:28 AM Morgenthaler
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After the decline of the Crusader States in [[TheHighMiddleAges the early thirteenth century]], they sought other fields of operation. Under the most important of the early Grand Masters ''Hochmeister'' ( literally "High Master") Hermann von Salza (1209-1239), a [[TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland Thuringian]] knight who was a favorite of both [[UsefulNotes/ThePope Pope Gregory IX]] and of the [[HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II]], the Order expanded first into the so-called ''Burzenland'' of Transylvania, and then, after their expulsion therefrom by the King of Hungary, into the Baltic area at the request of Conrad, Duke of Masovia, to crusade against the heathen ''Pruzzi'' (a people speaking a now-extinct language related to Lithuanian and Latvian) -- after Hermann had carefully made sure that all lands conquered by the Order were to be administered by it. This was the foundation of the so-called ''Ordensstaat'' (or "Order-state"). After the fall of Acre in 1291, the Grand Masters moved their residence first to Venice, and then in 1309 to the Marienburg (now ''Malbork'' in Poland).

to:

After the decline of the Crusader States in [[TheHighMiddleAges the early thirteenth century]], they sought other fields of operation. Under the most important of the early Grand Masters ''Hochmeister'' ( literally "High Master") Hermann von Salza (1209-1239), a [[TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland [[UsefulNotes/TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland Thuringian]] knight who was a favorite of both [[UsefulNotes/ThePope Pope Gregory IX]] and of the [[HolyRomanEmpire [[UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II]], the Order expanded first into the so-called ''Burzenland'' of Transylvania, and then, after their expulsion therefrom by the King of Hungary, into the Baltic area at the request of Conrad, Duke of Masovia, to crusade against the heathen ''Pruzzi'' (a people speaking a now-extinct language related to Lithuanian and Latvian) -- after Hermann had carefully made sure that all lands conquered by the Order were to be administered by it. This was the foundation of the so-called ''Ordensstaat'' (or "Order-state"). After the fall of Acre in 1291, the Grand Masters moved their residence first to Venice, and then in 1309 to the Marienburg (now ''Malbork'' in Poland).
3rd Sep '16 7:20:01 AM Morgenthaler
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* Henryk Sienkiewicz's ''Krzyżacy'' (''Literature/TheKnightsOfTheCross''). The Teutonic Knights are (almost to the last man) AlwaysChaoticEvil stand-in for Germans, Poles are all noble and brave, and there is [[MySpeciesDothProtestTooMuch a decent guest of the Order]] who is there to be repulsed by how the Knights turn out to be. In case you haven't already guessed, it was written around the time when UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} was being ruled by the [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Austrians]] and [[{{Prussia}} Prussians]] (and the [[TsaristRussia Russians]]).

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* Henryk Sienkiewicz's ''Krzyżacy'' (''Literature/TheKnightsOfTheCross''). The Teutonic Knights are (almost to the last man) AlwaysChaoticEvil stand-in for Germans, Poles are all noble and brave, and there is [[MySpeciesDothProtestTooMuch a decent guest of the Order]] who is there to be repulsed by how the Knights turn out to be. In case you haven't already guessed, it was written around the time when UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} was being ruled by the [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic [[UsefulNotes/TheSoundOfMartialMusic Austrians]] and [[{{Prussia}} [[UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}} Prussians]] (and the [[TsaristRussia Russians]]).
12th May '16 10:44:23 AM Morgenthaler
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* The Teutonic Knights appear in the ''VideoGame/RedAlert3Paradox'' mod as part of the Order of the Talon along with the KnightsTemplar and TheKnightsHospitallers, and specifically are represented by the Chevalier unit. In the Paradox timeline, the Teutonic Knights were virtually extinct until Talon heroine Lady Maria revived them as an AmazonBrigade comprised of her handpicked students.

to:

* The Teutonic Knights appear in the ''VideoGame/RedAlert3Paradox'' mod as part of the Order of the Talon along with the KnightsTemplar UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar and TheKnightsHospitallers, and specifically are represented by the Chevalier unit. In the Paradox timeline, the Teutonic Knights were virtually extinct until Talon heroine Lady Maria revived them as an AmazonBrigade comprised of her handpicked students.
12th May '16 9:29:09 AM Morgenthaler
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The ''Deutsche Orden'' (Latin, ''Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum'' (OT) or the "Order of the House of St. Mary of the Germans in Jerusalem") is a Roman Catholic and monastic religious order, more commonly known as "'''The Teutonic Knights'''." They are considered to be the ancestor for the popular set of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prussian_virtues virtues]] known as ''GermanicEfficiency''. Traditionally founded ''c.'' 1190 A.D. by merchants from Bremen and Lübeck in Acre as a hospital service for Germans in the Holy Land, by 1198 it imitated the older crusading orders, the [[TheKnightsHospitallers Hospitallers]] and [[TheKnightsTemplar Templars]], in acquiring knightly brothers whose original mission was to protect pilgrims, but who soon expanded their activities to include military actions against Muslim enemies of the Crusading states. Like the Templars, whose rule they substantially adopted, they wore as their habit a white mantle with a cross, but a black rather than a red one. (It would be some time before the form was standardized into the ''Tatzenkreuz'' or "Cross patée" version borne today;)

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The ''Deutsche Orden'' (Latin, ''Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum'' (OT) or the "Order of the House of St. Mary of the Germans in Jerusalem") is a Roman Catholic and monastic religious order, more commonly known as "'''The Teutonic Knights'''." They are considered to be the ancestor for the popular set of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prussian_virtues virtues]] known as ''GermanicEfficiency''. Traditionally founded ''c.'' 1190 A.D. by merchants from Bremen and Lübeck in Acre as a hospital service for Germans in the Holy Land, by 1198 it imitated the older crusading orders, the [[TheKnightsHospitallers [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsHospitallers Hospitallers]] and [[TheKnightsTemplar [[UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar Templars]], in acquiring knightly brothers whose original mission was to protect pilgrims, but who soon expanded their activities to include military actions against Muslim enemies of the Crusading states. Like the Templars, whose rule they substantially adopted, they wore as their habit a white mantle with a cross, but a black rather than a red one. (It would be some time before the form was standardized into the ''Tatzenkreuz'' or "Cross patée" version borne today;)
27th Jan '16 4:24:37 AM Morgenthaler
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->''Throughout the history of the ''Deutschritter'' the [[GermanicEfficiency German genius]] is very evident, [[DichterAndDenker romantic idealism]] implemented with [[KnightTemplar utter ruthlessness]].''
-->--Desmond Seward, ''[[WarriorMonk The Monks of War]]''

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->''Throughout the history of the ''Deutschritter'' the [[GermanicEfficiency German genius]] genius is very evident, [[DichterAndDenker romantic idealism]] idealism implemented with [[KnightTemplar utter ruthlessness]].ruthlessness.''
-->--Desmond Seward, ''[[WarriorMonk The ''The Monks of War]]''
War''
29th Oct '15 5:45:59 PM Theriocephalus
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After the decline of the Crusader States in [[TheHighMiddleAges the early thirteenth century]], they sought other fields of operation. Under the most important of the early Grand Masters ''Hochmeister'', literally "High Master"), Hermann von Salza (1209-1239), a [[TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland Thuringian]] knight who was a favorite of both [[UsefulNotes/ThePope Pope Gregory IX]] and of the [[HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II]], the Order expanded first into the so-called ''Burzenland'' of Transylvania, and then, after their expulsion therefrom by the King of Hungary, into the Baltic area at the request of Conrad, Duke of Masovia, to crusade against the heathen ''Pruzzi'' (a people speaking a now-extinct language related to Lithuanian and Latvian) -- after Hermann had carefully made sure that all lands conquered by the Order were to be administered by it. This was the foundation of the so-called ''Ordensstaat'' (or "Order-state"). After the fall of Acre in 1291, the Grand Masters moved their residence first to Venice, and then in 1309 to the Marienburg (now ''Malbork'' in Poland).

to:

After the decline of the Crusader States in [[TheHighMiddleAges the early thirteenth century]], they sought other fields of operation. Under the most important of the early Grand Masters ''Hochmeister'', ''Hochmeister'' ( literally "High Master"), Master") Hermann von Salza (1209-1239), a [[TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland Thuringian]] knight who was a favorite of both [[UsefulNotes/ThePope Pope Gregory IX]] and of the [[HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II]], the Order expanded first into the so-called ''Burzenland'' of Transylvania, and then, after their expulsion therefrom by the King of Hungary, into the Baltic area at the request of Conrad, Duke of Masovia, to crusade against the heathen ''Pruzzi'' (a people speaking a now-extinct language related to Lithuanian and Latvian) -- after Hermann had carefully made sure that all lands conquered by the Order were to be administered by it. This was the foundation of the so-called ''Ordensstaat'' (or "Order-state"). After the fall of Acre in 1291, the Grand Masters moved their residence first to Venice, and then in 1309 to the Marienburg (now ''Malbork'' in Poland).



As the various Pruzzi tribes were conquered, the Order settled the land with German colonists, developing a powerful and sophisticated civilization outside the borders of the HolyRomanEmpire (though at least at first under nominal suzerainty of the Emperor), which was controlled wholly by the representative of the Order in each particular territory -- the ''Landmeister'') and gradually integrating the natives into it. After the conquest of Prussia had been completed, the Order expanded eastward, throughout [[TheLateMiddleAges the 14th and 15th centuries]] -- or at least tried to.

to:

As the various Pruzzi tribes were conquered, the Order settled the land with German colonists, developing a powerful and sophisticated civilization outside the borders of the HolyRomanEmpire (though at least at first under nominal suzerainty of the Emperor), which was controlled wholly by the representative of the Order in each particular territory -- the (the ''Landmeister'') and gradually integrating the natives into it. After the conquest of Prussia had been completed, the Order expanded eastward, throughout [[TheLateMiddleAges the 14th and 15th centuries]] -- or at least tried to.
17th Oct '15 7:09:06 PM nombretomado
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After the decline of the Crusader States in [[TheHighMiddleAges the early thirteenth century]], they sought other fields of operation. Under the most important of the early Grand Masters ''Hochmeister'', literally "High Master"), Hermann von Salza (1209-1239), a [[TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland Thuringian]] knight who was a favorite of both [[ThePope Pope Gregory IX]] and of the [[HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II]], the Order expanded first into the so-called ''Burzenland'' of Transylvania, and then, after their expulsion therefrom by the King of Hungary, into the Baltic area at the request of Conrad, Duke of Masovia, to crusade against the heathen ''Pruzzi'' (a people speaking a now-extinct language related to Lithuanian and Latvian) -- after Hermann had carefully made sure that all lands conquered by the Order were to be administered by it. This was the foundation of the so-called ''Ordensstaat'' (or "Order-state"). After the fall of Acre in 1291, the Grand Masters moved their residence first to Venice, and then in 1309 to the Marienburg (now ''Malbork'' in Poland).

The Livonian Brothers of the Sword were an originally unrelated crusading group, but were eventually absorbed into the Teutonic Knights as the Livonian Order. Consequently this article (like many others) tends to lump them in together, but an important distinction is that the Livonian Order ruled the northern territory of Latvia-Estonia, whereas the Teutonic Knights controlled East and West Prussia -- conquering Lithuania would have united the two. ThePope turned the Knights' attention to fighting not just the pagan Lithuanians, but also the Russian "schismatics" (hence their appearance as [[{{Expy}} stand-ins]] for the [[ThoseWackyNazis Nazis]] in Creator/SergeiEisenstein's ''Film/AlexanderNevsky'').

to:

After the decline of the Crusader States in [[TheHighMiddleAges the early thirteenth century]], they sought other fields of operation. Under the most important of the early Grand Masters ''Hochmeister'', literally "High Master"), Hermann von Salza (1209-1239), a [[TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland Thuringian]] knight who was a favorite of both [[ThePope [[UsefulNotes/ThePope Pope Gregory IX]] and of the [[HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II]], the Order expanded first into the so-called ''Burzenland'' of Transylvania, and then, after their expulsion therefrom by the King of Hungary, into the Baltic area at the request of Conrad, Duke of Masovia, to crusade against the heathen ''Pruzzi'' (a people speaking a now-extinct language related to Lithuanian and Latvian) -- after Hermann had carefully made sure that all lands conquered by the Order were to be administered by it. This was the foundation of the so-called ''Ordensstaat'' (or "Order-state"). After the fall of Acre in 1291, the Grand Masters moved their residence first to Venice, and then in 1309 to the Marienburg (now ''Malbork'' in Poland).

The Livonian Brothers of the Sword were an originally unrelated crusading group, but were eventually absorbed into the Teutonic Knights as the Livonian Order. Consequently this article (like many others) tends to lump them in together, but an important distinction is that the Livonian Order ruled the northern territory of Latvia-Estonia, whereas the Teutonic Knights controlled East and West Prussia -- conquering Lithuania would have united the two. ThePope UsefulNotes/ThePope turned the Knights' attention to fighting not just the pagan Lithuanians, but also the Russian "schismatics" (hence their appearance as [[{{Expy}} stand-ins]] for the [[ThoseWackyNazis Nazis]] in Creator/SergeiEisenstein's ''Film/AlexanderNevsky'').
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