History UsefulNotes / StandardEuropeanPoliticalLandscape

20th Feb '17 1:22:05 AM anty21
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* Progressive Liberals: ''Mouvement démocrate [=(MoDem)=]'' (Democratic Movement) [[note]]Yes. They just try to be a big tent of the centre. Party founder François Bayrou was inspired by the pragmatic, big-tent approach of the US Democratic Party; he reportedly wanted to call his party ''Parti démocratique'' and was reportedly very annoyed when he found out some tin-pot little party nobody had ever heard of had beaten him to the name.[[/note]], ''En Marche'' [[note]]Again. Its actual positioning is rather vague and highly dependent on Macron's, but it's still arguably less economically liberal than LR, especially Fillon. It's also known to be very pro-European.[[/note]], ''Parti Radical de Gauche'' (Radical Party of the Left) [[note]]a really small party (but with a very old lineage), still mainly known for its old congressmen and rural mayors, and its diehard alliance with the Socialists.[[/note]] The other half of the historical ''Parti Radical'', officially called ''Parti Radical'' and known as ''Parti Radical Valoisien'' to tell it apart from the PRG, [[note]]after the location of its headquarters, rue de Valois[[/note]] used to be part of the UMP and is a founding member of the UDI.

to:

* Progressive Liberals: ''Mouvement démocrate [=(MoDem)=]'' (Democratic Movement) [[note]]Yes. They just try to be a big tent of the centre. Party founder François Bayrou was inspired by the pragmatic, big-tent approach of the US Democratic Party; he reportedly wanted to call his party ''Parti démocratique'' and was reportedly very annoyed when he found out some tin-pot little party nobody had ever heard of had beaten him to the name.[[/note]], ''En Marche'' [[note]]Again. Its Their actual positioning is rather vague and highly dependent on Macron's, but it's they're still arguably less economically liberal than LR, especially Fillon. It's also known to be very pro-European.[[/note]], ''Parti Radical de Gauche'' (Radical Party of the Left) [[note]]a really small party (but with a very old lineage), still mainly known for its old congressmen and rural mayors, and its diehard alliance with the Socialists.[[/note]] The other half of the historical ''Parti Radical'', officially called ''Parti Radical'' and known as ''Parti Radical Valoisien'' to tell it apart from the PRG, [[note]]after the location of its headquarters, rue de Valois[[/note]] used to be part of the UMP and is a founding member of the UDI.
19th Feb '17 1:37:45 AM anty21
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* Progressive Liberals: ''Mouvement démocrate [=(MoDem)=]'' (Democratic Movement) [[note]]Yes. They just try to be a big tent of the centre. Party founder François Bayrou was inspired by the pragmatic, big-tent approach of the US Democratic Party; he reportedly wanted to call his party ''Parti démocratique'' and was reportedly very annoyed when he found out some tin-pot little party nobody had ever heard of had beaten him to the name.[[/note]], ''En Marche'' [[note]]Again. Its actual positioning is rather vague and highly dependent on Macron's, but it's still arguably less economically liberal than LR, especially Fillon. It's also known to be very pro-European.[[/note]] ''Parti Radical de Gauche'' (Radical Party of the Left) [[note]]a really small party (but with a very old lineage), still mainly known for its old congressmen and rural mayors, and its diehard alliance with the Socialists.[[/note]] The other half of the historical ''Parti Radical'', officially called ''Parti Radical'' and known as ''Parti Radical Valoisien'' to tell it apart from the PRG, [[note]]after the location of its headquarters, rue de Valois[[/note]] used to be part of the UMP and is a founding member of the UDI.

to:

* Progressive Liberals: ''Mouvement démocrate [=(MoDem)=]'' (Democratic Movement) [[note]]Yes. They just try to be a big tent of the centre. Party founder François Bayrou was inspired by the pragmatic, big-tent approach of the US Democratic Party; he reportedly wanted to call his party ''Parti démocratique'' and was reportedly very annoyed when he found out some tin-pot little party nobody had ever heard of had beaten him to the name.[[/note]], ''En Marche'' [[note]]Again. Its actual positioning is rather vague and highly dependent on Macron's, but it's still arguably less economically liberal than LR, especially Fillon. It's also known to be very pro-European.[[/note]] [[/note]], ''Parti Radical de Gauche'' (Radical Party of the Left) [[note]]a really small party (but with a very old lineage), still mainly known for its old congressmen and rural mayors, and its diehard alliance with the Socialists.[[/note]] The other half of the historical ''Parti Radical'', officially called ''Parti Radical'' and known as ''Parti Radical Valoisien'' to tell it apart from the PRG, [[note]]after the location of its headquarters, rue de Valois[[/note]] used to be part of the UMP and is a founding member of the UDI.
19th Feb '17 1:35:25 AM anty21
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* Progressive Liberals: ''Mouvement démocrate [=(MoDem)=]'' (Democratic Movement) [[note]]Yes. They just try to be a big tent of the centre. Party founder François Bayrou was inspired by the pragmatic, big-tent approach of the US Democratic Party; he reportedly wanted to call his party ''Parti démocratique'' and was reportedly very annoyed when he found out some tin-pot little party nobody had ever heard of had beaten him to the name.[[/note]], ''Parti Radical de Gauche'' (Radical Party of the Left) [[note]]a really small party (but with a very old lineage), still mainly known for its old congressmen and rural mayors, and its diehard alliance with the Socialists.[[/note]] The other half of the historical ''Parti Radical'', officially called ''Parti Radical'' and known as ''Parti Radical Valoisien'' to tell it apart from the PRG, [[note]]after the location of its headquarters, rue de Valois[[/note]] used to be part of the UMP and is a founding member of the UDI.

to:

* Progressive Liberals: ''Mouvement démocrate [=(MoDem)=]'' (Democratic Movement) [[note]]Yes. They just try to be a big tent of the centre. Party founder François Bayrou was inspired by the pragmatic, big-tent approach of the US Democratic Party; he reportedly wanted to call his party ''Parti démocratique'' and was reportedly very annoyed when he found out some tin-pot little party nobody had ever heard of had beaten him to the name.[[/note]], ''En Marche'' [[note]]Again. Its actual positioning is rather vague and highly dependent on Macron's, but it's still arguably less economically liberal than LR, especially Fillon. It's also known to be very pro-European.[[/note]] ''Parti Radical de Gauche'' (Radical Party of the Left) [[note]]a really small party (but with a very old lineage), still mainly known for its old congressmen and rural mayors, and its diehard alliance with the Socialists.[[/note]] The other half of the historical ''Parti Radical'', officially called ''Parti Radical'' and known as ''Parti Radical Valoisien'' to tell it apart from the PRG, [[note]]after the location of its headquarters, rue de Valois[[/note]] used to be part of the UMP and is a founding member of the UDI.



* Conservatives: ''United Russia'': This one is The Party, supporting UsefulNotes/VladimirPutin whatever he does. It controls everything, but given Putin's popularity this isn't unexpected. Just really annoying and suspicious.

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* Conservatives: ''United Russia'': This one is The Party, supporting UsefulNotes/VladimirPutin whatever he does. It controls everything, but given Putin's Putain's popularity this isn't unexpected. Just really annoying and suspicious.
1st Jan '17 12:06:35 PM 59Efra
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* Far Left: ''Izquierda Unida (IU)'' (United Left)
* Regionalist: ''Convergència i Unió [=(CiU)=]'' (Convergence and Union; Christian Democratic/Conservative) and ''Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC)'' (Republican Left of Catalonia, Social Democrats) in Catalonia are the biggest two. Several regional parties exist for the other autonomous communities of Spain. And then there's the Basque country...

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* Far Left: ''Izquierda Unida (IU)'' (United Left)
Left). Recently merged into a coalition with ''Podemos'' named ''Unidos Podemos'' (United We Can).
* Regionalist: ''Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya (CDC)'' (Democratic Convergence of Catalonia; Conservative, formerly in coalition ''Convergència i Unió [=(CiU)=]'' (Convergence ([=CiU=])'' -- Convergence and Union; Union -- alongside Christian Democratic/Conservative) Democrats ''Unió Democràtica de Catalunya (UDC)'' -- Democratic Union of Catalonia--) and ''Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC)'' (Republican Left of Catalonia, Social Democrats) in Catalonia are the biggest two. Several regional parties exist for the other autonomous communities of Spain. And then there's Spain, the most notable being the Conservative ''Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea / Partido Nacionalista Vasco (EAJ/PNV)'' (Basque Nationalist Party) in the Basque country...
Country and Navarre.
30th Oct '16 2:32:36 PM anty21
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* Social Democrats : ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Ironically enough, only the more leftist wing of the party nowadays, known as ''les frondeurs'' (the rebels) in France. They were more or less successful at challenging the authority of the official PS government.

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* Social Democrats : ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Ironically enough, only the more leftist wing of the party nowadays, party, known as ''les frondeurs'' (the rebels) in France.France, qualifies nowadays. They were more or less successful at challenging the authority of the official PS government.
30th Oct '16 8:57:11 AM anty21
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* Classical Liberals: Parts of the ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). The ruling faction of the party, that has been socialist in name only for a while now. They often campaign on a leftist platform, but when in government they could use LR as a shaving mirror, something which has led their detractors to refer to them as the "UMPS." Despite this, they're one of the Big Two parties, largely because the actual left is [[WeAreStrugglingTogether exceptionally fractured]]. Especially true of Emmanuel Macron (former Minister of Economy) and the movement that coalesced around him, known as ''En Marche

to:

* Classical Liberals: Parts of the ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). The ruling faction of the party, that has been socialist in name only for a while now. They often campaign on a leftist platform, but when in government they could use LR as a shaving mirror, something which has led their detractors to refer to them as the "UMPS." Despite this, they're one of the Big Two parties, largely because the actual left is [[WeAreStrugglingTogether exceptionally fractured]]. Especially true of Emmanuel Macron (former Minister of Economy) and the movement that coalesced around him, known as ''En MarcheMarche''.



* Social Democrats : ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Ironically enough, only the more leftist wing of the party, nowadays known as ''les frondeurs'' (the rebels) in France. They were more or less successful as challenging the authority of the official PS government.

to:

* Social Democrats : ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Ironically enough, only the more leftist wing of the party, nowadays party nowadays, known as ''les frondeurs'' (the rebels) in France. They were more or less successful as at challenging the authority of the official PS government.
30th Oct '16 7:24:03 AM anty21
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* Classical Liberals: ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Socialist in name only for a while now. They often campaign on a leftist platform, but when in government they could use LR as a shaving mirror, something which has led their detractors to refer to them as the "UMPS." Despite this, they're one of the Big Two parties, largely because the actual left is [[WeAreStrugglingTogether exceptionally fractured]].

to:

* Classical Liberals: Parts of the ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Socialist The ruling faction of the party, that has been socialist in name only for a while now. They often campaign on a leftist platform, but when in government they could use LR as a shaving mirror, something which has led their detractors to refer to them as the "UMPS." Despite this, they're one of the Big Two parties, largely because the actual left is [[WeAreStrugglingTogether exceptionally fractured]]. Especially true of Emmanuel Macron (former Minister of Economy) and the movement that coalesced around him, known as ''En Marche


Added DiffLines:

* Social Democrats : ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Ironically enough, only the more leftist wing of the party, nowadays known as ''les frondeurs'' (the rebels) in France. They were more or less successful as challenging the authority of the official PS government.
23rd Oct '16 8:39:35 PM Ramidel
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* Conservatives: ''Union pour un Mouvement Populaire (UMP)'' (Union for a Popular Movement)

to:

* Conservatives: ''Les Republicains (LR)'' (The Republicans). Formerly ''Union pour un Mouvement Populaire (UMP)'' (Union for a Popular Movement)



* Classical Liberals: ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Socialist in name only for a while now. They often campaign on a leftist platform, but when in government they could use LR as a shaving mirror, something which has led their detractors to refer to them as the "UMPS." Despite this, they're one of the Big Two parties, largely because the actual left is [[WeAreStrugglingTogether exceptionally fractured]].



* Social Democrats: ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party)
11th Oct '16 3:59:47 AM Xarvas
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* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], overt Catholic Church influence, lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the years 2007-2015 in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble and Middle Eastern immigration became a closer (but still relatively unlikely) possibility. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president [[ItsPersonal (who pas party leaders twin brother)]], who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).

to:

* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], overt Catholic Church influence, lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, Euroscepticism (keen on getting EU money, but not so keen on following EU directives), and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the years 2007-2015 in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble and Middle Eastern immigration became a closer (but still relatively unlikely) possibility. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president [[ItsPersonal (who pas was party leaders twin brother)]], who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).



** Kukiz'2015: new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said they are mostly an amalgamation ‎of various free market libertarian and nationalist activists, including the ones from the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Movement_(Poland) National Movement]], that gathered together under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.

to:

** Kukiz'2015: new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, singer from the 90s, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said they are mostly an amalgamation ‎of various free market libertarian and nationalist activists, including the ones from the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Movement_(Poland) National Movement]], that gathered together under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election. Generally willing to play ball with PiS on most issues, but opposed to their vastly increased social spending.



* Progressive Liberals: ''Twój Ruch'' (Your Movement), formerly known as ''Ruch Palikota'' ([[EgocentricTeamNaming Palikot's Movement]]): A socially-liberal party established by Janusz Palikot, TheGadfly of Polish politics, formerly a PO Member of the Sejm. Rode into parliament in 2011 on a wave of discontent with the Church. Left the parliament in 2015 after losing the majority of its voters and forming an electoral alliance with [=SLD=] (see below) and few smaller left-wing parties, as said alliance failed to reach 8% electoral threshold required for electoral alliances. Notably featured the first openly gay and transgender [=MPs=] (until the former got elected as the mayor of Słupsk and left Parliament, and the latter decided to join ''Greens'' instead).

to:

* Progressive Liberals: ''Twój Ruch'' (Your Movement), formerly known as ''Ruch Palikota'' ([[EgocentricTeamNaming Palikot's Movement]]): A socially-liberal party established by Janusz Palikot, TheGadfly of Polish politics, formerly a PO Member of the Sejm. Rode into parliament in 2011 on a wave of discontent with the Church. Left the parliament in 2015 after an internal split between socialist and liberal fractions, losing the majority of its voters and forming an electoral alliance with [=SLD=] (see below) and few smaller left-wing parties, as said alliance failed to reach 8% electoral threshold required for electoral alliances. Notably featured the first openly gay and transgender [=MPs=] (until the former got elected as the mayor of Słupsk and left Parliament, and the latter decided to join ''Greens'' instead).
11th Oct '16 2:31:54 AM Xarvas
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* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the years 2007-2015 in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president, who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).

to:

* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], overt Catholic Church influence, lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the years 2007-2015 in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble. trouble and Middle Eastern immigration became a closer (but still relatively unlikely) possibility. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president, president [[ItsPersonal (who pas party leaders twin brother)]], who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).



* Social Democrats: ''Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej'' (Democratic Left Alliance): An amalgamation of several leftist parties, most of which traced their descent from the PZPR (Polish United Workers' Party), which was The Party in the Communist days. Lost most of their influence in 2005 after a massive corruption scandal. After years of being too busy with in-fighting to convey a coherent stance on anything, seems to be moving to the right on economics; its leader is more of a classical liberal. Tries to avoid expressing any opinions on social issues, so as not to alienate older voters, which has been exploited by ''Twój Ruch''. Left the parliament in 2015 for the first time in Polish history after 1989 as a result of forming electoral alliance with ''Twój Ruch'' and few smaller left-wing parties and failing to reach electoral threshold required for the electoral alliances.

to:

* Social Democrats: ''Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej'' (Democratic Left Alliance): An amalgamation of several leftist parties, most of which traced their descent from the PZPR (Polish United Workers' Party), which was The Party in the Communist days. Mostly seen as a club of old communists trying to hold on to power at the cost of actual leftist ideology. Lost most of their influence in 2005 after a massive corruption scandal. After years of being too busy with in-fighting to convey a coherent stance on anything, seems to be moving to the right on economics; its leader is more of a classical liberal. Tries to avoid expressing any opinions on social issues, so as not to alienate older voters, which has been exploited by ''Twój Ruch''. Left the parliament in 2015 for the first time in Polish history after 1989 as a result of forming electoral alliance with ''Twój Ruch'' and few smaller left-wing parties and failing to reach electoral threshold required for the electoral alliances.



* Agrarians: ''Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe'' (Polish People's Party) -- Approximately Social Democrat, but more socially conservative (are you noticing a pattern by now?) and with a specific focus on agriculture and support for small farmers. Has a reputation for nepotism and being willing to get into a coalition with just about anybody[[note]]The party did indeed form coalition governments with [=SLD=] as well as with [=PO=] in the past. On the other hand, they decided against forming a coalition with [=PiS=] when approached in 2006.[[/note]].

to:

* Agrarians: ''Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe'' (Polish People's Party) -- Approximately Social Democrat, but more socially conservative (are you noticing a pattern by now?) and with a specific focus on agriculture and support for small farmers. Has a reputation for nepotism and being willing to get into a coalition with just about anybody[[note]]The party did indeed form coalition governments with [=SLD=] as well as with [=PO=] in the past. On the other hand, they decided against forming a coalition with [=PiS=] when approached in 2006.[[/note]].
[[/note]]. Also disproportionately strong in local governments and institutions (mostly due to aformentioned nepotism).
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