History UsefulNotes / StandardEuropeanPoliticalLandscape

27th May '16 1:04:16 AM OldBlindTrope
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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the {{https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag}}); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.

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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the {{https://en.[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag}}); flag]]); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.
27th May '16 1:03:43 AM OldBlindTrope
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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the {{https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.

to:

* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the {{https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag); flag}}); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.
27th May '16 1:03:09 AM OldBlindTrope
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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Somewhere between this and the Christian Democrats in views though officially nonpartisan, it is a monarchist party founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]]. Unsurprisingly, its members advocate for the restoration of the Habsburg monarchy in Austria, as well as a monarchist union comprising many of the countries that once made up the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.

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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Somewhere between this Black and yellow are the Christian Democrats in views though officially nonpartisan, it is a monarchist party colors of the {{https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]]. Unsurprisingly, its members advocate for Habsburg]], supports the restoration peaceful re-formation of the Habsburg monarchy in Austria, as well as a monarchist union comprising many of the countries that once made up the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.
26th Apr '16 2:14:29 AM Ramidel
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Added DiffLines:

* Progressive Liberals: ''NEOS Das Neue Österreich und Liberales Forum (NEOS)'' (NEOS - The New Austria and Liberal Forum): A new youth liberal party formed to contest the 2013 legislative election.
22nd Jan '16 3:35:17 AM DarkPhoenix94
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* Far Right: The ''British National Party'', ''National Front'' & ''English Defence League'' all have parts of this, although the BNP explicitly styles itself as a socialist party (they used to campaign under the slogan 'like the Labour Party you used to vote for' until the Labour Party changed the law to stop them).
* Right-Wing Populists: The main current of the ''United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)'' fits most comfortably here, with its moderate Euroscepticism (having no particular opposition to the entity on the Continent but believing that Britain should not be in it) and its right-wing but not exactly xenophobic immigration policy (calling for reduced economic immigration, but not calling for a stop to it, and emphasising that British citizenship should remain open to people who aren't "White British"). Features a lot of ex-Tories.
* Classical Liberals: The Liberal Democrats 'Orange Book' faction & the Conservative pro-business faction - which are the two factions currently in charge of each party, leading to the present Coalition Government. A few UKIP members used to be this, but as UKIP policies have become increasingly protectionist, UKIP free-traders have rapidly left - many of them jumping to the Liberal Democrats.

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* Far Right: The ''British National Party'', ''National Front'' & ''English Defence League'' all have parts of this, although the BNP explicitly styles itself as a socialist party (they used to campaign under the slogan 'like the Labour Party you used to vote for' until the Labour Party changed the law to stop them).
them). This has led to lines like 'socialist, yeah, [[ThoseWackyNazis national socialist']] and the BNP were, until they failed to pay an annual membership fee to remain a political party, routinely ridiculed by all and sundry.
* Right-Wing Populists: The main current of the ''United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)'' fits most comfortably here, with its moderate Euroscepticism (having no particular opposition to the entity on the Continent but believing that Britain should not be in it) and its right-wing but not exactly xenophobic immigration policy (calling for reduced economic immigration, but not calling for a stop to it, and emphasising that British citizenship should remain open to people who aren't "White British"). Features a lot of ex-Tories.
ex-Tories. The more overtly racist wing of the party features a number of ex-National Front and BNP members, some of whom are prone to coming out with ridiculous things like the floods in Southern England beings God's wrath for gay marriage. This was universally mocked by all factions.
* Classical Liberals: The Liberal Democrats 'Orange Book' faction & the Conservative pro-business faction - which are were the two factions currently in charge of each party, party (still are in the Conservatives, not so much in the Lib Dems after an electoral wipeout), leading to the present Coalition Government.Government of 2010-2015. A few UKIP members used to be this, but as UKIP policies have become increasingly protectionist, UKIP free-traders have rapidly left - many of them jumping to the Liberal Democrats.



* Regionalists: ''Scottish National Party'' (Scotland), ''Plaid Cymru'' (Wales), ''Mebyon Kernow'' (Cornwall) - more to the left-wing; ''English Democrats'' (England) more to the right-wing. And arguably most parties in Northern Ireland.
** Arguably, the Liberal Democrats as well. Although they are a national party, they are the only one to consistently call for greater devolution to local communities. In fact, most Lib Dems go further than Regional assemblies or Scottish/Welsh Devolution - they want more power in town halls. Given the Classical Liberal faction of the Tories has/had a similar preference for decentralisation (although ''not'' devolution), this is one of the policy areas making the Coalition possible. (The Lib Dems, however, also officially advocate for federalism, while the Tories want to keep the unitary state.)

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* Regionalists: ''Scottish National Party'' (Scotland), ''Plaid Cymru'' (Wales), ''Mebyon Kernow'' (Cornwall) - more to the left-wing; ''English Democrats'' (England) more to the right-wing. And arguably most parties in Northern Ireland.
Ireland. The Scottish Nationalists are very powerful, being the third largest party in Westminster, Plaid Cymru has a fair bit of power in the Welsh assembly and Mebyon Kernow is a joke to that small percentage of the population that even knows it exists.
** Arguably, the Liberal Democrats as well. Although they are a national party, they are the only one to consistently call for greater devolution to local communities. In fact, most Lib Dems go further than Regional assemblies or Scottish/Welsh Devolution - they want more power in town halls. Given the Classical Liberal faction of the Tories has/had a similar preference for decentralisation (although ''not'' devolution), this is was one of the policy areas making the Coalition possible. (The Lib Dems, however, also officially advocate for federalism, while the Tories want to keep the unitary state.)
21st Jan '16 3:36:45 PM Morgenthaler
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** The Sweden Democrats have historically been particularly popular in Scania and Blekinge, the southernmost part of Sweden (near {{Denmark}}, and part of Denmark until 1658), and in rural areas in general. Although this remains their strongest areas of support, the SD have grown in all parts of the country, including the traditionally red (i.e. areas where the social democrats used to have a clear majority of their own) northern parts of the country.

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** The Sweden Democrats have historically been particularly popular in Scania and Blekinge, the southernmost part of Sweden (near {{Denmark}}, Denmark, and part of Denmark until 1658), and in rural areas in general. Although this remains their strongest areas of support, the SD have grown in all parts of the country, including the traditionally red (i.e. areas where the social democrats used to have a clear majority of their own) northern parts of the country.
28th Dec '15 1:23:15 PM Michal
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** ''.Nowoczesna'' (''.Modern''): Centrist party with a stronger focus on supporting free markets and reducing the state than PO has, founded in 2015 by economist Ryszard Petru. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.



** ''Partia Razem'' (''Together Party'') - social democrats with strong focus on supporting social market economy and welfare state. The party was founded in 2015; in the 2015 parliamentary election it did not join the aforementioned electoral alliance of [=SLD=] and ''Twój Ruch'', registering its own lists of candidates in electoral districts instead. The party failed to reach the electoral threshold of 5% required for the parties, but it did attract enough votes to be eligible for a subsidy from state budget.



* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front".

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* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front".
front". Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.
28th Dec '15 12:58:50 PM Michal
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* Far Right: ''Kongres Nowej Prawicy'' (Congress of the New Right) -- classical liberal party. All about reducing the state to basic functions, minimal taxes and complete deregulation. They're also socially conservative and extremely Eurosceptic. The newest in a long string of parties led by Janusz Korwin-Mikke, a politician and pundit very open about his hatred of democracy. Eternally outside of the Sejm. [[note]]aside from being present in the first term of office[[/note]], but [[PeripheryDemographic highly popular on the Internet]]. As of late 2014, their leader became a [=MEP=], and they now have a sole Sejm representative, who defected from [=PiS=].

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* Far Right: ''Kongres Nowej Prawicy'' (Congress ''Koalicja Odnowy Rzeczypospolitej Wolność i Nadzieja'' (Coalition for the Renewal of the New Right) Republic - Liberty and Hope) -- classical liberal party. All about reducing the state to basic functions, minimal taxes and complete deregulation. They're also socially conservative and extremely Eurosceptic. The newest in a long string of parties led by Janusz Korwin-Mikke, a politician and pundit very open about his hatred of democracy. Eternally outside of the Sejm. [[note]]aside from being present in the first term of office[[/note]], but [[PeripheryDemographic highly popular on the Internet]]. As of late 2014, their leader became a [=MEP=], and until 2015 they now have had a sole Sejm representative, who defected from [=PiS=].



** ''Solidarna Polska'' (United Poland): A copy of [=PiS=] started by [=MPs=] who were kicked out of [=PiS=] for questioning the leadership. Basically [=PiS=] with less conspiracy theorism and the odium of [[WeAreStrugglingTogether splitting the right]], and as such aren't terribly popular. Try to eke out some votes by aligning with conservative elements in the Church.

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** ''Solidarna Polska'' (United Poland): A copy of [=PiS=] started by [=MPs=] who were kicked out of [=PiS=] for questioning the leadership. Basically [=PiS=] with less conspiracy theorism and the odium of [[WeAreStrugglingTogether splitting the right]], and as such aren't terribly popular. Try Tried to eke out some votes by aligning with conservative elements in the Church.Church. After poor perfomance in 2014 European Parliament election it got re-absorbed into [=PiS=] in all but name.



** ''Polska Razem'' (Poland Together): Libertarian-ish, social conservative party started by a few conservative [=MPs=] who were kicked out of PO.
* Progressive Liberals: ''Twój Ruch'' (Your Movement), formerly known as ''Ruch Palikota'' ([[EgocentricTeamNaming Palikot's Movement]]): A socially-liberal party established by Janusz Palikot, TheGadfly of Polish politics, formerly a PO Member of the Sejm. Rode into parliament on a wave of discontent with the Church. Notably features the first openly gay and transgender [=MPs=].
** ''Greens'' or Zieloni (there are some other Green movements) have failed in every election they started in, but like [=KNP=] above they now have a sole representative in the Parliament - the aforementioned transgender woman Anna Grodzka.
* Social Democrats: ''Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej'' (Democratic Left Alliance): An amalgamation of several leftist parties, most of which traced their descent from the PZPR (Polish United Workers' Party), which was The Party in the Communist days. Lost most of their influence in 2005 after a massive corruption scandal. After years of being too busy with in-fighting to convey a coherent stance on anything, seems to be moving to the right on economics; its leader is more of a classical liberal. Tries to avoid expressing any opinions on social issues, so as not to alienate older voters, which has been exploited by ''Twój Ruch''.

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** ''Polska Razem'' (Poland Together): Libertarian-ish, social conservative party started by a few conservative [=MPs=] who were kicked out of PO. \n Absorbed into [=PiS=] in all but name following the party's poor perfomance in 2014 European Parliament election.
* Progressive Liberals: ''Twój Ruch'' (Your Movement), formerly known as ''Ruch Palikota'' ([[EgocentricTeamNaming Palikot's Movement]]): A socially-liberal party established by Janusz Palikot, TheGadfly of Polish politics, formerly a PO Member of the Sejm. Rode into parliament in 2011 on a wave of discontent with the Church. Left the parliament in 2015 after losing the majority of its voters and forming an electoral alliance with [=SLD=] (see below) and few smaller left-wing parties, as said alliance failed to reach 8% electoral threshold required for electoral alliances. Notably features featured the first openly gay and transgender [=MPs=].
[=MPs=] (until the former got elected as the mayor of Słupsk and left Parliament, and the latter decided to join ''Greens'' instead).
** ''Greens'' or Zieloni (there are some other Green movements) have failed in every election they started in, but like [=KNP=] [=KORWiN=] above they now have had a sole representative in the Parliament until 2015 - the aforementioned transgender woman Anna Grodzka.
* Social Democrats: ''Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej'' (Democratic Left Alliance): An amalgamation of several leftist parties, most of which traced their descent from the PZPR (Polish United Workers' Party), which was The Party in the Communist days. Lost most of their influence in 2005 after a massive corruption scandal. After years of being too busy with in-fighting to convey a coherent stance on anything, seems to be moving to the right on economics; its leader is more of a classical liberal. Tries to avoid expressing any opinions on social issues, so as not to alienate older voters, which has been exploited by ''Twój Ruch''. Left the parliament in 2015 for the first time in Polish history after 1989 as a result of forming electoral alliance with ''Twój Ruch'' and few smaller left-wing parties and failing to reach electoral threshold required for the electoral alliances.
2nd Dec '15 3:01:51 PM ScorpiusOB1
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* Progressive Liberals: ''Unión Progreso y Democracia [=(UPyD)=]'' (Union for Progress and Democracy)
* Social Democrats: ''Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)'' (Spanish Socialist Worker's Party)

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* Progressive Liberals: ''Unión Progreso y Democracia [=(UPyD)=]'' (Union for Progress and Democracy)
Democracy), ''Ciudadanos'' (Citizens).
* Social Democrats: ''Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE)'' (Spanish Socialist Worker's Party)Party), ''Podemos'' (We Can).
11th Nov '15 9:16:43 PM karstovich2
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* Outside the spectrum: ''Fianna Fáil'' (inevitably called that in English; means "Warriors of Ireland"). One of the two "main" parties. It's essentially more of a political machine than a "party" in the conventional sense, and doesn't ''have'' any particular ideology to speak of. As such, it is favoured by the business elite even though they are more populist than anything else. Descended from the Anti-Treaty faction.

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* Outside the spectrum: spectrum, but Classical Liberal if someone put a gun to their heads: ''Fianna Fáil'' (inevitably called that in English; means "Warriors of Ireland"). One of the two "main" parties. It's essentially more of a political machine than a "party" in the conventional sense, and doesn't ''have'' any particular ideology to speak of. As such, it is favoured by the business elite even though they are more populist than anything else. Descended from the Anti-Treaty faction.
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