History UsefulNotes / StandardEuropeanPoliticalLandscape

30th Oct '16 2:32:36 PM anty21
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* Social Democrats : ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Ironically enough, only the more leftist wing of the party nowadays, known as ''les frondeurs'' (the rebels) in France. They were more or less successful at challenging the authority of the official PS government.

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* Social Democrats : ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Ironically enough, only the more leftist wing of the party nowadays, party, known as ''les frondeurs'' (the rebels) in France.France, qualifies nowadays. They were more or less successful at challenging the authority of the official PS government.
30th Oct '16 8:57:11 AM anty21
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* Classical Liberals: Parts of the ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). The ruling faction of the party, that has been socialist in name only for a while now. They often campaign on a leftist platform, but when in government they could use LR as a shaving mirror, something which has led their detractors to refer to them as the "UMPS." Despite this, they're one of the Big Two parties, largely because the actual left is [[WeAreStrugglingTogether exceptionally fractured]]. Especially true of Emmanuel Macron (former Minister of Economy) and the movement that coalesced around him, known as ''En Marche

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* Classical Liberals: Parts of the ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). The ruling faction of the party, that has been socialist in name only for a while now. They often campaign on a leftist platform, but when in government they could use LR as a shaving mirror, something which has led their detractors to refer to them as the "UMPS." Despite this, they're one of the Big Two parties, largely because the actual left is [[WeAreStrugglingTogether exceptionally fractured]]. Especially true of Emmanuel Macron (former Minister of Economy) and the movement that coalesced around him, known as ''En MarcheMarche''.



* Social Democrats : ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Ironically enough, only the more leftist wing of the party, nowadays known as ''les frondeurs'' (the rebels) in France. They were more or less successful as challenging the authority of the official PS government.

to:

* Social Democrats : ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Ironically enough, only the more leftist wing of the party, nowadays party nowadays, known as ''les frondeurs'' (the rebels) in France. They were more or less successful as at challenging the authority of the official PS government.
30th Oct '16 7:24:03 AM anty21
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* Classical Liberals: ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Socialist in name only for a while now. They often campaign on a leftist platform, but when in government they could use LR as a shaving mirror, something which has led their detractors to refer to them as the "UMPS." Despite this, they're one of the Big Two parties, largely because the actual left is [[WeAreStrugglingTogether exceptionally fractured]].

to:

* Classical Liberals: Parts of the ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Socialist The ruling faction of the party, that has been socialist in name only for a while now. They often campaign on a leftist platform, but when in government they could use LR as a shaving mirror, something which has led their detractors to refer to them as the "UMPS." Despite this, they're one of the Big Two parties, largely because the actual left is [[WeAreStrugglingTogether exceptionally fractured]]. Especially true of Emmanuel Macron (former Minister of Economy) and the movement that coalesced around him, known as ''En Marche


Added DiffLines:

* Social Democrats : ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Ironically enough, only the more leftist wing of the party, nowadays known as ''les frondeurs'' (the rebels) in France. They were more or less successful as challenging the authority of the official PS government.
23rd Oct '16 8:39:35 PM Ramidel
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* Conservatives: ''Union pour un Mouvement Populaire (UMP)'' (Union for a Popular Movement)

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* Conservatives: ''Les Republicains (LR)'' (The Republicans). Formerly ''Union pour un Mouvement Populaire (UMP)'' (Union for a Popular Movement)



* Classical Liberals: ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party). Socialist in name only for a while now. They often campaign on a leftist platform, but when in government they could use LR as a shaving mirror, something which has led their detractors to refer to them as the "UMPS." Despite this, they're one of the Big Two parties, largely because the actual left is [[WeAreStrugglingTogether exceptionally fractured]].



* Social Democrats: ''Parti Socialiste (PS)'' (Socialist Party)
11th Oct '16 3:59:47 AM Xarvas
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* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], overt Catholic Church influence, lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the years 2007-2015 in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble and Middle Eastern immigration became a closer (but still relatively unlikely) possibility. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president [[ItsPersonal (who pas party leaders twin brother)]], who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).

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* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], overt Catholic Church influence, lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, Euroscepticism (keen on getting EU money, but not so keen on following EU directives), and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the years 2007-2015 in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble and Middle Eastern immigration became a closer (but still relatively unlikely) possibility. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president [[ItsPersonal (who pas was party leaders twin brother)]], who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).



** Kukiz'2015: new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said they are mostly an amalgamation ‎of various free market libertarian and nationalist activists, including the ones from the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Movement_(Poland) National Movement]], that gathered together under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.

to:

** Kukiz'2015: new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, singer from the 90s, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said they are mostly an amalgamation ‎of various free market libertarian and nationalist activists, including the ones from the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Movement_(Poland) National Movement]], that gathered together under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election. Generally willing to play ball with PiS on most issues, but opposed to their vastly increased social spending.



* Progressive Liberals: ''Twój Ruch'' (Your Movement), formerly known as ''Ruch Palikota'' ([[EgocentricTeamNaming Palikot's Movement]]): A socially-liberal party established by Janusz Palikot, TheGadfly of Polish politics, formerly a PO Member of the Sejm. Rode into parliament in 2011 on a wave of discontent with the Church. Left the parliament in 2015 after losing the majority of its voters and forming an electoral alliance with [=SLD=] (see below) and few smaller left-wing parties, as said alliance failed to reach 8% electoral threshold required for electoral alliances. Notably featured the first openly gay and transgender [=MPs=] (until the former got elected as the mayor of Słupsk and left Parliament, and the latter decided to join ''Greens'' instead).

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* Progressive Liberals: ''Twój Ruch'' (Your Movement), formerly known as ''Ruch Palikota'' ([[EgocentricTeamNaming Palikot's Movement]]): A socially-liberal party established by Janusz Palikot, TheGadfly of Polish politics, formerly a PO Member of the Sejm. Rode into parliament in 2011 on a wave of discontent with the Church. Left the parliament in 2015 after an internal split between socialist and liberal fractions, losing the majority of its voters and forming an electoral alliance with [=SLD=] (see below) and few smaller left-wing parties, as said alliance failed to reach 8% electoral threshold required for electoral alliances. Notably featured the first openly gay and transgender [=MPs=] (until the former got elected as the mayor of Słupsk and left Parliament, and the latter decided to join ''Greens'' instead).
11th Oct '16 2:31:54 AM Xarvas
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* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the years 2007-2015 in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president, who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).

to:

* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], overt Catholic Church influence, lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the years 2007-2015 in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble. trouble and Middle Eastern immigration became a closer (but still relatively unlikely) possibility. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president, president [[ItsPersonal (who pas party leaders twin brother)]], who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).



* Social Democrats: ''Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej'' (Democratic Left Alliance): An amalgamation of several leftist parties, most of which traced their descent from the PZPR (Polish United Workers' Party), which was The Party in the Communist days. Lost most of their influence in 2005 after a massive corruption scandal. After years of being too busy with in-fighting to convey a coherent stance on anything, seems to be moving to the right on economics; its leader is more of a classical liberal. Tries to avoid expressing any opinions on social issues, so as not to alienate older voters, which has been exploited by ''Twój Ruch''. Left the parliament in 2015 for the first time in Polish history after 1989 as a result of forming electoral alliance with ''Twój Ruch'' and few smaller left-wing parties and failing to reach electoral threshold required for the electoral alliances.

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* Social Democrats: ''Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej'' (Democratic Left Alliance): An amalgamation of several leftist parties, most of which traced their descent from the PZPR (Polish United Workers' Party), which was The Party in the Communist days. Mostly seen as a club of old communists trying to hold on to power at the cost of actual leftist ideology. Lost most of their influence in 2005 after a massive corruption scandal. After years of being too busy with in-fighting to convey a coherent stance on anything, seems to be moving to the right on economics; its leader is more of a classical liberal. Tries to avoid expressing any opinions on social issues, so as not to alienate older voters, which has been exploited by ''Twój Ruch''. Left the parliament in 2015 for the first time in Polish history after 1989 as a result of forming electoral alliance with ''Twój Ruch'' and few smaller left-wing parties and failing to reach electoral threshold required for the electoral alliances.



* Agrarians: ''Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe'' (Polish People's Party) -- Approximately Social Democrat, but more socially conservative (are you noticing a pattern by now?) and with a specific focus on agriculture and support for small farmers. Has a reputation for nepotism and being willing to get into a coalition with just about anybody[[note]]The party did indeed form coalition governments with [=SLD=] as well as with [=PO=] in the past. On the other hand, they decided against forming a coalition with [=PiS=] when approached in 2006.[[/note]].

to:

* Agrarians: ''Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe'' (Polish People's Party) -- Approximately Social Democrat, but more socially conservative (are you noticing a pattern by now?) and with a specific focus on agriculture and support for small farmers. Has a reputation for nepotism and being willing to get into a coalition with just about anybody[[note]]The party did indeed form coalition governments with [=SLD=] as well as with [=PO=] in the past. On the other hand, they decided against forming a coalition with [=PiS=] when approached in 2006.[[/note]].
[[/note]]. Also disproportionately strong in local governments and institutions (mostly due to aformentioned nepotism).
29th Sep '16 12:45:18 PM Morgenthaler
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* [[UpToEleven Really Don't Fit In]]: The National Bolsheviks. Basically worship JosephStalin's Soviet Union with a healthy dose of Russian nationalist imagery. Strongly anti west whom they accuse of imperialism, while also advocating Russia's greater role in the world. Swear that they're far left, but are alienated from Communist groups due to their lack of concern for Marxist economic theory and reactionary social views. The far right hates them for hijacking some of their imagery and supporting regimes they associate with the Judaeo Bolshevik conspiracy. (Esentially people trying to turn the horseshoe theory into an actual ideology, and humorously getting alienated from both extreme groups).

to:

* [[UpToEleven Really Don't Fit In]]: The National Bolsheviks. Basically worship JosephStalin's UsefulNotes/JosephStalin's Soviet Union with a healthy dose of Russian nationalist imagery. Strongly anti west whom they accuse of imperialism, while also advocating Russia's greater role in the world. Swear that they're far left, but are alienated from Communist groups due to their lack of concern for Marxist economic theory and reactionary social views. The far right hates them for hijacking some of their imagery and supporting regimes they associate with the Judaeo Bolshevik conspiracy. (Esentially people trying to turn the horseshoe theory into an actual ideology, and humorously getting alienated from both extreme groups).
10th Sep '16 12:38:58 PM Michal
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* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the last few years in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president, who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).

to:

* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the last few years 2007-2015 in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president, who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).



** Kukiz'2015: new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said they are mostly an amalgamation ‎of various free market libertarian and nationalist activists, including the ones from the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Movement_(Poland) National Movement]], that gathered together under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.



** ''.Nowoczesna'' (''.Modern''): Centrist party with a stronger focus on supporting free markets and reducing the state than PO has, founded in 2015 by economist Ryszard Petru. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.

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** ''.Nowoczesna'' (''.Modern''): Centrist party with a stronger focus on supporting free markets and reducing the state than PO has, founded has. Aspires to replace PO as the major party opposing [=PiS=]. Founded in 2015 by economist Ryszard Petru. Entered Petru; entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.



** ''Partia Razem'' (''Together Party'') - social democrats with strong focus on supporting social market economy and welfare state. The party was founded in 2015; in the 2015 parliamentary election it did not join the aforementioned electoral alliance of [=SLD=] and ''Twój Ruch'', registering its own lists of candidates in electoral districts instead. Although mostly unknown for most of the campaign, the strong performence of their leader in a televised electoral debate led them to a surge in support. The party failed to reach the electoral threshold of 5% required for the parties [[note]][[NiceJobBreakingItHero and probably took a few percent from SLD that prevented them from entering too]][[/note]], but it did attract enough votes to be eligible for a subsidy from state budget.
* Agrarians: ''Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe'' (Polish People's Party) -- Approximately Social Democrat, but more socially conservative (are you noticing a pattern by now?) and with a specific focus on agriculture and support for small farmers. Has a reputation for nepotism and being willing to get into a coalition with just about anybody.
* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said they are mostly an amalgamtion of various free market liberterian and nationalist activists that gathered togather under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.

to:

** ''Partia Razem'' (''Together Party'') - social democrats with strong focus on supporting social market economy and welfare state. The party was founded in 2015; in the 2015 parliamentary election it did not join the aforementioned electoral alliance of [=SLD=] and ''Twój Ruch'', registering its own lists of candidates in electoral districts instead. Although mostly unknown for most of the campaign, the strong performence of their leader in a televised electoral debate led them to a surge in support. The party failed to reach the electoral threshold of 5% of the votes required for the parties to have a representation in the parliament [[note]][[NiceJobBreakingItHero and probably took a few percent from SLD that prevented them from entering too]][[/note]], but it did attract enough votes to be eligible for a subsidy from state budget.
* Agrarians: ''Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe'' (Polish People's Party) -- Approximately Social Democrat, but more socially conservative (are you noticing a pattern by now?) and with a specific focus on agriculture and support for small farmers. Has a reputation for nepotism and being willing to get into a coalition with just about anybody.
* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged
anybody[[note]]The party did indeed form coalition governments with [=SLD=] as well as with [=PO=] in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said past. On the other hand, they are mostly an amalgamtion of various free market liberterian and nationalist activists that gathered togather under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.
decided against forming a coalition with [=PiS=] when approached in 2006.[[/note]].
10th Sep '16 7:32:08 AM Xarvas
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* Far Right: ''Koalicja Odnowy Rzeczypospolitej Wolność i Nadzieja'' (Coalition for the Renewal of the Republic - Liberty and Hope) -- classical liberal party. All about reducing the state to basic functions, minimal taxes and complete deregulation. They're also socially conservative and extremely Eurosceptic. The newest in a long string of parties led by Janusz Korwin-Mikke, a politician and pundit very open about his hatred of democracy. Eternally outside of the Sejm. [[note]]aside from being present in the first term of office[[/note]], but [[PeripheryDemographic highly popular on the Internet]]. As of late 2014, their leader became a [=MEP=], and until 2015 they had a sole Sejm representative, who defected from [=PiS=].

to:

* Far Right: ''Koalicja Odnowy Rzeczypospolitej Wolność i Nadzieja'' (Coalition for the Renewal of the Republic - Liberty and Hope) -- classical liberal party. All about reducing the state to basic functions, minimal taxes and complete deregulation. They're also socially conservative and extremely Eurosceptic. The newest in a long string of parties led by Janusz Korwin-Mikke, Korwin-Mikke [[note]]hence the unwieldy name, it had to fit the acronym KORWIN[[/note]], a politician and pundit very open about his hatred of democracy. Eternally outside of the Sejm. [[note]]aside from being present in the first term of office[[/note]], but [[PeripheryDemographic highly popular on the Internet]]. As of late 2014, their leader became a [=MEP=], and until 2015 they had a sole Sejm representative, who defected from [=PiS=].



** ''Partia Razem'' (''Together Party'') - social democrats with strong focus on supporting social market economy and welfare state. The party was founded in 2015; in the 2015 parliamentary election it did not join the aforementioned electoral alliance of [=SLD=] and ''Twój Ruch'', registering its own lists of candidates in electoral districts instead. The party failed to reach the electoral threshold of 5% required for the parties, but it did attract enough votes to be eligible for a subsidy from state budget.

to:

** ''Partia Razem'' (''Together Party'') - social democrats with strong focus on supporting social market economy and welfare state. The party was founded in 2015; in the 2015 parliamentary election it did not join the aforementioned electoral alliance of [=SLD=] and ''Twój Ruch'', registering its own lists of candidates in electoral districts instead. Although mostly unknown for most of the campaign, the strong performence of their leader in a televised electoral debate led them to a surge in support. The party failed to reach the electoral threshold of 5% required for the parties, parties [[note]][[NiceJobBreakingItHero and probably took a few percent from SLD that prevented them from entering too]][[/note]], but it did attract enough votes to be eligible for a subsidy from state budget.



* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.

to:

* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said they are mostly an amalgamtion of various free market liberterian and nationalist activists that gathered togather under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.
3rd Sep '16 7:12:06 AM Morgenthaler
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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag]]); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.

to:

* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag]]); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic [[UsefulNotes/TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.
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