History UsefulNotes / StandardEuropeanPoliticalLandscape

10th Sep '16 12:38:58 PM Michal
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* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the last few years in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president, who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).

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* Right-Wing Populists (or Christian Democrats, if you are feeling charitable): ''Prawo i Sprawiedliwość'' (Law and Justice) -- Combines social conservatism, populist leftist economics (higher taxes on the rich[[labelnote:*]]Poland being Poland, they actually lowered taxes when they were in power[[/labelnote]], lowering the retirement age, occasionally talks about nationalising banks), mild Euroscepticism, and a tough stance on law and order, particularly corruption. Spent the last few years 2007-2015 in opposition due to their tiresomely aggressive rhetorics, but making a comeback now that the economy is in trouble. Infamous for accusing the government of conspiring with Russia to assassinate the [=PiS=]-aligned former president, who died in a plane crash (see: UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories).



** Kukiz'2015: new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said they are mostly an amalgamation ‎of various free market libertarian and nationalist activists, including the ones from the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Movement_(Poland) National Movement]], that gathered together under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.



** ''.Nowoczesna'' (''.Modern''): Centrist party with a stronger focus on supporting free markets and reducing the state than PO has, founded in 2015 by economist Ryszard Petru. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.

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** ''.Nowoczesna'' (''.Modern''): Centrist party with a stronger focus on supporting free markets and reducing the state than PO has, founded has. Aspires to replace PO as the major party opposing [=PiS=]. Founded in 2015 by economist Ryszard Petru. Entered Petru; entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.



** ''Partia Razem'' (''Together Party'') - social democrats with strong focus on supporting social market economy and welfare state. The party was founded in 2015; in the 2015 parliamentary election it did not join the aforementioned electoral alliance of [=SLD=] and ''Twój Ruch'', registering its own lists of candidates in electoral districts instead. Although mostly unknown for most of the campaign, the strong performence of their leader in a televised electoral debate led them to a surge in support. The party failed to reach the electoral threshold of 5% required for the parties [[note]][[NiceJobBreakingItHero and probably took a few percent from SLD that prevented them from entering too]][[/note]], but it did attract enough votes to be eligible for a subsidy from state budget.
* Agrarians: ''Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe'' (Polish People's Party) -- Approximately Social Democrat, but more socially conservative (are you noticing a pattern by now?) and with a specific focus on agriculture and support for small farmers. Has a reputation for nepotism and being willing to get into a coalition with just about anybody.
* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said they are mostly an amalgamtion of various free market liberterian and nationalist activists that gathered togather under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.

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** ''Partia Razem'' (''Together Party'') - social democrats with strong focus on supporting social market economy and welfare state. The party was founded in 2015; in the 2015 parliamentary election it did not join the aforementioned electoral alliance of [=SLD=] and ''Twój Ruch'', registering its own lists of candidates in electoral districts instead. Although mostly unknown for most of the campaign, the strong performence of their leader in a televised electoral debate led them to a surge in support. The party failed to reach the electoral threshold of 5% of the votes required for the parties to have a representation in the parliament [[note]][[NiceJobBreakingItHero and probably took a few percent from SLD that prevented them from entering too]][[/note]], but it did attract enough votes to be eligible for a subsidy from state budget.
* Agrarians: ''Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe'' (Polish People's Party) -- Approximately Social Democrat, but more socially conservative (are you noticing a pattern by now?) and with a specific focus on agriculture and support for small farmers. Has a reputation for nepotism and being willing to get into a coalition with just about anybody.
* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged
anybody[[note]]The party did indeed form coalition governments with [=SLD=] as well as with [=PO=] in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said past. On the other hand, they are mostly an amalgamtion of various free market liberterian and nationalist activists that gathered togather under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.
decided against forming a coalition with [=PiS=] when approached in 2006.[[/note]].
10th Sep '16 7:32:08 AM Xarvas
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* Far Right: ''Koalicja Odnowy Rzeczypospolitej Wolność i Nadzieja'' (Coalition for the Renewal of the Republic - Liberty and Hope) -- classical liberal party. All about reducing the state to basic functions, minimal taxes and complete deregulation. They're also socially conservative and extremely Eurosceptic. The newest in a long string of parties led by Janusz Korwin-Mikke, a politician and pundit very open about his hatred of democracy. Eternally outside of the Sejm. [[note]]aside from being present in the first term of office[[/note]], but [[PeripheryDemographic highly popular on the Internet]]. As of late 2014, their leader became a [=MEP=], and until 2015 they had a sole Sejm representative, who defected from [=PiS=].

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* Far Right: ''Koalicja Odnowy Rzeczypospolitej Wolność i Nadzieja'' (Coalition for the Renewal of the Republic - Liberty and Hope) -- classical liberal party. All about reducing the state to basic functions, minimal taxes and complete deregulation. They're also socially conservative and extremely Eurosceptic. The newest in a long string of parties led by Janusz Korwin-Mikke, Korwin-Mikke [[note]]hence the unwieldy name, it had to fit the acronym KORWIN[[/note]], a politician and pundit very open about his hatred of democracy. Eternally outside of the Sejm. [[note]]aside from being present in the first term of office[[/note]], but [[PeripheryDemographic highly popular on the Internet]]. As of late 2014, their leader became a [=MEP=], and until 2015 they had a sole Sejm representative, who defected from [=PiS=].



** ''Partia Razem'' (''Together Party'') - social democrats with strong focus on supporting social market economy and welfare state. The party was founded in 2015; in the 2015 parliamentary election it did not join the aforementioned electoral alliance of [=SLD=] and ''Twój Ruch'', registering its own lists of candidates in electoral districts instead. The party failed to reach the electoral threshold of 5% required for the parties, but it did attract enough votes to be eligible for a subsidy from state budget.

to:

** ''Partia Razem'' (''Together Party'') - social democrats with strong focus on supporting social market economy and welfare state. The party was founded in 2015; in the 2015 parliamentary election it did not join the aforementioned electoral alliance of [=SLD=] and ''Twój Ruch'', registering its own lists of candidates in electoral districts instead. Although mostly unknown for most of the campaign, the strong performence of their leader in a televised electoral debate led them to a surge in support. The party failed to reach the electoral threshold of 5% required for the parties, parties [[note]][[NiceJobBreakingItHero and probably took a few percent from SLD that prevented them from entering too]][[/note]], but it did attract enough votes to be eligible for a subsidy from state budget.



* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.

to:

* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front". That said they are mostly an amalgamtion of various free market liberterian and nationalist activists that gathered togather under Kukiz to pass the 5% threshold. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.
3rd Sep '16 7:12:06 AM Morgenthaler
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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag]]); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.

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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag]]); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic [[UsefulNotes/TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.
27th May '16 1:04:16 AM OldBlindTrope
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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the {{https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag}}); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.

to:

* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the {{https://en.[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag}}); flag]]); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.
27th May '16 1:03:43 AM OldBlindTrope
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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the {{https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.

to:

* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Black and yellow are the colors of the {{https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag); flag}}); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]], supports the peaceful re-formation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.
27th May '16 1:03:09 AM OldBlindTrope
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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Somewhere between this and the Christian Democrats in views though officially nonpartisan, it is a monarchist party founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]]. Unsurprisingly, its members advocate for the restoration of the Habsburg monarchy in Austria, as well as a monarchist union comprising many of the countries that once made up the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.

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* Conservative: ''Schwarz-Gelbe Allianz (SGA)'' (Black-Yellow Alliance): Somewhere between this Black and yellow are the Christian Democrats in views though officially nonpartisan, it is a monarchist party colors of the {{https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habsburg_flag Hapsburg dynastic flag); the SGA, founded in 2004 and influenced by the late [[TheSoundOfMartialMusic Otto von Habsburg]]. Unsurprisingly, its members advocate for Habsburg]], supports the restoration peaceful re-formation of the Habsburg monarchy in Austria, as well as a monarchist union comprising many of the countries that once made up the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.Empire, which was dissolved as part of the Peace of Versailles at the end of WWI. The party is officially non-partisan, but its supporters' views are typically somewhere between the BZÖ and the ÖVP.
26th Apr '16 2:14:29 AM Ramidel
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Added DiffLines:

* Progressive Liberals: ''NEOS Das Neue Österreich und Liberales Forum (NEOS)'' (NEOS - The New Austria and Liberal Forum): A new youth liberal party formed to contest the 2013 legislative election.
22nd Jan '16 3:35:17 AM DarkPhoenix94
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* Far Right: The ''British National Party'', ''National Front'' & ''English Defence League'' all have parts of this, although the BNP explicitly styles itself as a socialist party (they used to campaign under the slogan 'like the Labour Party you used to vote for' until the Labour Party changed the law to stop them).
* Right-Wing Populists: The main current of the ''United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)'' fits most comfortably here, with its moderate Euroscepticism (having no particular opposition to the entity on the Continent but believing that Britain should not be in it) and its right-wing but not exactly xenophobic immigration policy (calling for reduced economic immigration, but not calling for a stop to it, and emphasising that British citizenship should remain open to people who aren't "White British"). Features a lot of ex-Tories.
* Classical Liberals: The Liberal Democrats 'Orange Book' faction & the Conservative pro-business faction - which are the two factions currently in charge of each party, leading to the present Coalition Government. A few UKIP members used to be this, but as UKIP policies have become increasingly protectionist, UKIP free-traders have rapidly left - many of them jumping to the Liberal Democrats.

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* Far Right: The ''British National Party'', ''National Front'' & ''English Defence League'' all have parts of this, although the BNP explicitly styles itself as a socialist party (they used to campaign under the slogan 'like the Labour Party you used to vote for' until the Labour Party changed the law to stop them).
them). This has led to lines like 'socialist, yeah, [[ThoseWackyNazis national socialist']] and the BNP were, until they failed to pay an annual membership fee to remain a political party, routinely ridiculed by all and sundry.
* Right-Wing Populists: The main current of the ''United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)'' fits most comfortably here, with its moderate Euroscepticism (having no particular opposition to the entity on the Continent but believing that Britain should not be in it) and its right-wing but not exactly xenophobic immigration policy (calling for reduced economic immigration, but not calling for a stop to it, and emphasising that British citizenship should remain open to people who aren't "White British"). Features a lot of ex-Tories.
ex-Tories. The more overtly racist wing of the party features a number of ex-National Front and BNP members, some of whom are prone to coming out with ridiculous things like the floods in Southern England beings God's wrath for gay marriage. This was universally mocked by all factions.
* Classical Liberals: The Liberal Democrats 'Orange Book' faction & the Conservative pro-business faction - which are were the two factions currently in charge of each party, party (still are in the Conservatives, not so much in the Lib Dems after an electoral wipeout), leading to the present Coalition Government.Government of 2010-2015. A few UKIP members used to be this, but as UKIP policies have become increasingly protectionist, UKIP free-traders have rapidly left - many of them jumping to the Liberal Democrats.



* Regionalists: ''Scottish National Party'' (Scotland), ''Plaid Cymru'' (Wales), ''Mebyon Kernow'' (Cornwall) - more to the left-wing; ''English Democrats'' (England) more to the right-wing. And arguably most parties in Northern Ireland.
** Arguably, the Liberal Democrats as well. Although they are a national party, they are the only one to consistently call for greater devolution to local communities. In fact, most Lib Dems go further than Regional assemblies or Scottish/Welsh Devolution - they want more power in town halls. Given the Classical Liberal faction of the Tories has/had a similar preference for decentralisation (although ''not'' devolution), this is one of the policy areas making the Coalition possible. (The Lib Dems, however, also officially advocate for federalism, while the Tories want to keep the unitary state.)

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* Regionalists: ''Scottish National Party'' (Scotland), ''Plaid Cymru'' (Wales), ''Mebyon Kernow'' (Cornwall) - more to the left-wing; ''English Democrats'' (England) more to the right-wing. And arguably most parties in Northern Ireland.
Ireland. The Scottish Nationalists are very powerful, being the third largest party in Westminster, Plaid Cymru has a fair bit of power in the Welsh assembly and Mebyon Kernow is a joke to that small percentage of the population that even knows it exists.
** Arguably, the Liberal Democrats as well. Although they are a national party, they are the only one to consistently call for greater devolution to local communities. In fact, most Lib Dems go further than Regional assemblies or Scottish/Welsh Devolution - they want more power in town halls. Given the Classical Liberal faction of the Tories has/had a similar preference for decentralisation (although ''not'' devolution), this is was one of the policy areas making the Coalition possible. (The Lib Dems, however, also officially advocate for federalism, while the Tories want to keep the unitary state.)
21st Jan '16 3:36:45 PM Morgenthaler
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** The Sweden Democrats have historically been particularly popular in Scania and Blekinge, the southernmost part of Sweden (near {{Denmark}}, and part of Denmark until 1658), and in rural areas in general. Although this remains their strongest areas of support, the SD have grown in all parts of the country, including the traditionally red (i.e. areas where the social democrats used to have a clear majority of their own) northern parts of the country.

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** The Sweden Democrats have historically been particularly popular in Scania and Blekinge, the southernmost part of Sweden (near {{Denmark}}, Denmark, and part of Denmark until 1658), and in rural areas in general. Although this remains their strongest areas of support, the SD have grown in all parts of the country, including the traditionally red (i.e. areas where the social democrats used to have a clear majority of their own) northern parts of the country.
28th Dec '15 1:23:15 PM Michal
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** ''.Nowoczesna'' (''.Modern''): Centrist party with a stronger focus on supporting free markets and reducing the state than PO has, founded in 2015 by economist Ryszard Petru. Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.



** ''Partia Razem'' (''Together Party'') - social democrats with strong focus on supporting social market economy and welfare state. The party was founded in 2015; in the 2015 parliamentary election it did not join the aforementioned electoral alliance of [=SLD=] and ''Twój Ruch'', registering its own lists of candidates in electoral districts instead. The party failed to reach the electoral threshold of 5% required for the parties, but it did attract enough votes to be eligible for a subsidy from state budget.



* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front".

to:

* Kukiz'2015 - new force created by Paweł Kukiz, a well-known punk singer, has emerged in the year of 2015. This political party does everything in their power to not fit into any category, by promising "a wide ideological front".
front". Entered the parliament following the 2015 parliamentary election.
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