History UsefulNotes / SpanishCivilWar

15th Jul '17 10:43:03 AM nombretomado
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It was noted that the Nationalists were supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and to a lesser extent their neighbor Portugal. The fascist and ferociously Catholic Blue Shirts in Ireland send volunteers to fight with the Nationalists, while Irish socialists, communists and some IRA members joined the International Brigades. Given this international involvement, the weapons used in the early stages of World War II were tested in the Spanish conflict, especially the German Condor Legion, a volunteer Air unit whose vets would eventually take part in WorldWarII. Franco was fairly unenthusiastic about his Irish volunteers (after their initial propaganda use as Catholics ended).[[labelnote:full story]] Both because they were ''volunteers'' like the International Brigades, and thus not a regular, professional military unit in the way his German and Italian allies were, and also because they were [[GeneralFailure totally incompetent]] - their most successful engagement was killing thirteen men and losing just four, but [[FriendOrFoe they turned out to be Canarians on their own side.]] In their second and final engagement, after two men died they decided to retreat of their own accord - [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere proving it was something that wasn't just confined to the Republican side]].[[/labelnote]] In the end [[SmallNameBigEgo O'Duffy (the Irish fascist leader)]] was essentially sent home by Franco. Presumably for similar reasons Franco also turned down offers of Belgian, Greek, and exiled White Russian volunteer brigades.

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It was noted that the Nationalists were supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and to a lesser extent their neighbor Portugal. The fascist and ferociously Catholic Blue Shirts in Ireland send volunteers to fight with the Nationalists, while Irish socialists, communists and some IRA members joined the International Brigades. Given this international involvement, the weapons used in the early stages of World War II were tested in the Spanish conflict, especially the German Condor Legion, a volunteer Air unit whose vets would eventually take part in WorldWarII.UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. Franco was fairly unenthusiastic about his Irish volunteers (after their initial propaganda use as Catholics ended).[[labelnote:full story]] Both because they were ''volunteers'' like the International Brigades, and thus not a regular, professional military unit in the way his German and Italian allies were, and also because they were [[GeneralFailure totally incompetent]] - their most successful engagement was killing thirteen men and losing just four, but [[FriendOrFoe they turned out to be Canarians on their own side.]] In their second and final engagement, after two men died they decided to retreat of their own accord - [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere proving it was something that wasn't just confined to the Republican side]].[[/labelnote]] In the end [[SmallNameBigEgo O'Duffy (the Irish fascist leader)]] was essentially sent home by Franco. Presumably for similar reasons Franco also turned down offers of Belgian, Greek, and exiled White Russian volunteer brigades.



The war is also famous as not only being a prelude to WW2, but for the huge amount of foreign aid in weapons provided to both sides.

Regarding small arms, the Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons, adopting the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery despite the large amount of Italian guns-most famous of all, the civil war was where the 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one in a few years' time.

to:

The war is also famous as not only being a prelude to WW2, UsefulNotes/WW2, but for the huge amount of foreign aid in weapons provided to both sides.

Regarding small arms, the Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons, adopting the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery despite the large amount of Italian guns-most famous of all, the civil war was where the 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 [=WW2=] Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one in a few years' time.



* ''Condors'', one of Creator/GarthEnnis' ''War Stories'' is set during the Battle of the Ebro in 1938, in which a Spanish Republican and survivor of Guernica, an apolitical German pilot, a socialist English International Brigades volunteer, and a psychopathic Irish fascist find themselves seeking cover in the same crater. They all declare an uneasy truce until the battle ends and tell each other their stories. The Spanish guy ends it with a ReasonYouSuckSpeech to each of them: to the German because Germany is using Spain to [[WorldWarII test their equipment for the next one]], the Englishman because he's a NaiveNewcomer believing in bringing socialism to Spain without knowing anything about the country's situation, and the Irishman because he's completely insane. They all split off after the artillery stops without shooting at each other, except for the Irishman who jumps back with the Englishman's [[CoolGuns/{{Revolvers}} Nagant M1895]] and waits (in vain) for 'those bastards' to ambush him. The ending finally reveals their names and their fates. [[spoiler: Juan-Miguel Martinez opened up a seafood restaurant in Francoist Spain where he actually masturbated into the German diners' food. Joachim Reinert fought on the Eastern Front, became a leading Luftwaffe commander and was one of the very few Nazis to treat prisoners with decency, but was machine-gunned by Soviet fighters while parachuting to safety in 1945. Thomas Kirkpatrick's car bomb prematurely detonated and killed him in 1952, with the IRA still having no idea on what he was planning to do. Billy Gardner survived the war but lost a hand, and continued working in the Labour party until he was beaten to death for his pension, shortly before Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister]]. The comic is also notable for its truly horrific and graphic depiction of the bombing of Guernica, which can be summed up as putting Picasso's mural into realistic art.

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* ''Condors'', one of Creator/GarthEnnis' ''War Stories'' is set during the Battle of the Ebro in 1938, in which a Spanish Republican and survivor of Guernica, an apolitical German pilot, a socialist English International Brigades volunteer, and a psychopathic Irish fascist find themselves seeking cover in the same crater. They all declare an uneasy truce until the battle ends and tell each other their stories. The Spanish guy ends it with a ReasonYouSuckSpeech to each of them: to the German because Germany is using Spain to [[WorldWarII [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII test their equipment for the next one]], the Englishman because he's a NaiveNewcomer believing in bringing socialism to Spain without knowing anything about the country's situation, and the Irishman because he's completely insane. They all split off after the artillery stops without shooting at each other, except for the Irishman who jumps back with the Englishman's [[CoolGuns/{{Revolvers}} Nagant M1895]] and waits (in vain) for 'those bastards' to ambush him. The ending finally reveals their names and their fates. [[spoiler: Juan-Miguel Martinez opened up a seafood restaurant in Francoist Spain where he actually masturbated into the German diners' food. Joachim Reinert fought on the Eastern Front, became a leading Luftwaffe commander and was one of the very few Nazis to treat prisoners with decency, but was machine-gunned by Soviet fighters while parachuting to safety in 1945. Thomas Kirkpatrick's car bomb prematurely detonated and killed him in 1952, with the IRA still having no idea on what he was planning to do. Billy Gardner survived the war but lost a hand, and continued working in the Labour party until he was beaten to death for his pension, shortly before Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister]]. The comic is also notable for its truly horrific and graphic depiction of the bombing of Guernica, which can be summed up as putting Picasso's mural into realistic art.
4th Jun '17 4:22:09 AM Piterpicher
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* ''PansLabyrinth'' is set just after the civil war, and the plot includes the terrifying fascist Captain Vidal weeding out the last few Republican holdout groups. It is a SpiritualSuccessor to the [[Creator/GuillermoDelToro same director]]'s ''Film/TheDevilsBackbone'', which is also set during the Spanish Civil War.

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* ''PansLabyrinth'' ''Film/PansLabyrinth'' is set just after the civil war, and the plot includes the terrifying fascist Captain Vidal weeding out the last few Republican holdout groups. It is a SpiritualSuccessor to the [[Creator/GuillermoDelToro same director]]'s ''Film/TheDevilsBackbone'', which is also set during the Spanish Civil War.
28th Apr '17 7:27:25 PM TheWildWestPyro
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Regarding small arms, the Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery despite the large amount of Italian guns-most famous of all, the civil war was where the 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one in a few years' time.

The Republicans, on the other hand, used anything they could get their hands on, from Spanish mortars to Polish hand grenades to Swedish anti-aircraft guns. As the USSR was their biggest source of aid, the Popular Army became mainly equipped with Soviet small arms and artillery, such as 37mm anti-tank guns and 85mm anti-aircraft guns. In particular, huge amounts of [[CoolGuns/BattleRifles Mosin-Nagants]], both the M1891 long rifle and shortened 91/30, were sent to the Republic as the war went on, becoming the service rifle for the International Brigades and seeing heavy use by the Popular Army and the Assault Guard, the Republic's military police. The [[CoolGuns/MachineGuns Degtyaryov DP]] soon became the main light machine gun for the Republicans and was standard-issue by 1938, the PM M1910 heavy machine gun was supplied in great quantities and the PPD-38/40 submachine gun, the ancestor of the famous [=PPSh=]-41, saw use in the later years of the war. All these proved to be reliable and hard-hitting, putting lots of holes in Nationalist troops throughout the war. Infamously, these were not provided for free-[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_gold the entire Spanish gold reserve]] was sent to the USSR as payment and never returned to Spain.

to:

Regarding small arms, the Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted weapons, adopting the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery despite the large amount of Italian guns-most famous of all, the civil war was where the 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one in a few years' time.

The Republicans, on the other hand, used anything they could get their hands on, from Spanish mortars to Polish hand grenades to Swedish anti-aircraft guns. As the USSR was their biggest source of aid, the Popular Army became and International Brigades were mainly equipped with Soviet small arms arms, most prominently the Mosin-Nagant 1891 long rifle, the Mosin-Nagant 91/30, the PM M1910 and artillery, the DP light machine gun. By the later years of the war, Soviet artillery was common, such as 37mm anti-tank guns and 85mm anti-aircraft guns. In particular, huge amounts of [[CoolGuns/BattleRifles Mosin-Nagants]], both the M1891 long rifle and shortened 91/30, were sent to the Republic as the war went on, becoming the service rifle for the International Brigades and seeing heavy use by the Popular Army and the Assault Guard, the Republic's military police. The [[CoolGuns/MachineGuns Degtyaryov DP]] soon became the main light machine gun for the Republicans and was standard-issue by 1938, the PM M1910 heavy machine gun was supplied in great quantities and the PPD-38/40 submachine gun, the ancestor of the famous [=PPSh=]-41, saw use in the later years of the war.guns. All these proved to be reliable and hard-hitting, putting lots of holes in Nationalist troops throughout the war. Infamously, these were not provided for free-[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_gold the entire Spanish gold reserve]] was sent to the USSR as payment and never returned to Spain.
28th Apr '17 7:24:38 PM TheWildWestPyro
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Regarding small arms, the Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery-most famous of all, the civil war was where 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one.

The Republicans, on the other hand, used anything they could get their hands on, from Spanish mortars to Polish hand grenades to Swedish anti-aircraft guns. As the USSR was their biggest source of aid, the Popular Army became mainly equipped with Soviet small arms and artillery. In particular, huge amounts of [[CoolGuns/BattleRifles Mosin-Nagants]], both the M1891 long rifle and shortened 91/30, were sent to the Republic as the war went on, becoming the service rifle for the International Brigades and seeing heavy use by the Popular Army and the Assault Guard, the Republic's military police. The [[CoolGuns/MachineGuns Degtyaryov DP]] soon became the main light machine gun for the Republicans and was standard-issue by 1938, the PM M1910 heavy machine gun was supplied in great quantities and the PPD-38/40 submachine gun, the ancestor of the famous [=PPSh=]-41, saw use in the later years of the war. All these proved to be reliable and hard-hitting, putting lots of holes in Nationalist troops throughout the war. Infamously, these were not provided for free-[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_gold the entire Spanish gold reserve]] was sent to the USSR as payment and never returned to Spain.

The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. The Republic also purchased insufficient stocks of ammo for these weapons, as well as doing the same with any artillery bought from arms dealers. As well as that, the level of Soviet and Mexican aid for the Republic ''never'' reached the same levels as the German and Italian sales to the Nationalists, meaning that the Republic was typically short of rounds for artillery and armor, having to take on the well-equipped Nationalists with rifles, pistols and whatever automatic weapons they had sufficient ammo for most of the time, with little to no artillery or air support.

to:

Regarding small arms, the Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery-most artillery despite the large amount of Italian guns-most famous of all, the civil war was where the 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one.

one in a few years' time.

The Republicans, on the other hand, used anything they could get their hands on, from Spanish mortars to Polish hand grenades to Swedish anti-aircraft guns. As the USSR was their biggest source of aid, the Popular Army became mainly equipped with Soviet small arms and artillery.artillery, such as 37mm anti-tank guns and 85mm anti-aircraft guns. In particular, huge amounts of [[CoolGuns/BattleRifles Mosin-Nagants]], both the M1891 long rifle and shortened 91/30, were sent to the Republic as the war went on, becoming the service rifle for the International Brigades and seeing heavy use by the Popular Army and the Assault Guard, the Republic's military police. The [[CoolGuns/MachineGuns Degtyaryov DP]] soon became the main light machine gun for the Republicans and was standard-issue by 1938, the PM M1910 heavy machine gun was supplied in great quantities and the PPD-38/40 submachine gun, the ancestor of the famous [=PPSh=]-41, saw use in the later years of the war. All these proved to be reliable and hard-hitting, putting lots of holes in Nationalist troops throughout the war. Infamously, these were not provided for free-[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_gold the entire Spanish gold reserve]] was sent to the USSR as payment and never returned to Spain.

The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers.calibers, or obsolete cannons and howitzers from the previous world war. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. The Republic also purchased insufficient stocks of ammo for these weapons, as well as doing the same with any artillery bought from arms dealers. As well as that, the level of Soviet and Mexican aid for the Republic ''never'' reached the same levels as the German and Italian sales to the Nationalists, meaning that the Republic was typically short of rounds for artillery and armor, having to take on the well-equipped Nationalists with rifles, pistols and whatever automatic weapons they had sufficient ammo for most of the time, with little to no artillery or air support.
27th Apr '17 5:33:14 AM TheWildWestPyro
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!!'''Weapons'''

The war is also famous as not only being a prelude to WW2, but for the huge amount of foreign aid in weapons provided to both sides. The Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery-most famous of all, the civil war was where 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one.

to:

!!'''Weapons'''

!!'''Weapons of the war'''

The war is also famous as not only being a prelude to WW2, but for the huge amount of foreign aid in weapons provided to both sides. The

Regarding small arms, the
Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery-most famous of all, the civil war was where 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one.



The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. The Republic also purchased insufficient stocks of ammo for these weapons, as well as doing the same with any artillery bought from arms dealers. On the other hand, almost all of the WW1 surplus guns received by the Republic still performed excellently in combat, resulting in their continued use until the very end of the war by whoever received them. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability.

to:

The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. The Republic also purchased insufficient stocks of ammo for these weapons, as well as doing the same with any artillery bought from arms dealers. On As well as that, the other hand, almost all level of the WW1 surplus guns received by Soviet and Mexican aid for the Republic still performed excellently in combat, resulting in their continued use until ''never'' reached the very end of same levels as the war by whoever received them. The Steyr-Mannlicher German and Italian sales to the Nationalists, meaning that the Republic was typically short of rounds for artillery and armor, having to take on the well-equipped Nationalists with rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although pistols and whatever automatic weapons they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack sufficient ammo for most of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 time, with little to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability.
no artillery or air support.
23rd Apr '17 9:05:54 AM TheWildWestPyro
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The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. On the other hand, almost all of the WW1 surplus guns received by the Republic still performed excellently in combat, resulting in their continued use until the very end of the war by whoever received them. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability. The majority of arms dealers also short-changed the Republic in arms deals, giving them much less ammunition than what they should have received.

to:

The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. The Republic also purchased insufficient stocks of ammo for these weapons, as well as doing the same with any artillery bought from arms dealers. On the other hand, almost all of the WW1 surplus guns received by the Republic still performed excellently in combat, resulting in their continued use until the very end of the war by whoever received them. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability. The majority of arms dealers also short-changed the Republic in arms deals, giving them much less ammunition than what they should have received.
23rd Apr '17 9:03:53 AM TheWildWestPyro
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The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. On the other hand, almost all of the WW1 surplus guns received by the Republic still performed excellently in combat. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability.

to:

The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. On the other hand, almost all of the WW1 surplus guns received by the Republic still performed excellently in combat.combat, resulting in their continued use until the very end of the war by whoever received them. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability.
unreliability. The majority of arms dealers also short-changed the Republic in arms deals, giving them much less ammunition than what they should have received.
20th Apr '17 3:36:32 PM TheWildWestPyro
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The Nationalists attacked on 8th November, supported by the Condor Legion and armor, but were stopped at the River Manzazares that separated them from the city centre. 30000 Republican troops were sent to defend the Casa del Campo park and successfully held off the Nationalist assault, some even throwing rocks or fighting hand-to-hand. Some Nationalist troops broke through, but they were stopped at the western edge of the city. Late in the day, the very first volunteers arrived as the XI International Brigade, numbering 1900 men. Their arrival was a huge morale boost, as it proved that people did give a damn about Spain. On 9th November, the Nationalists assaulted the Carabanchel suburb. However, the area was heavily fortified and the Moroccan troops, lacking experience in urban warfare, were pinned down and killed by militiamen who knew the area well. In the evening, General Kleber sent the XI brigade to attack the Nationalist positions in Casa del Campo, lasting until the next morning. The Nationalists were forced to retreat, while the brigade had lost a third of its men. On the 10th, the defenders were strengthened by the arrival of 4000 CNT anarchist militiamen from Aragon. On the 12th, the XII International Brigade, under General Zalka, attacked Nationalist positions on the Cerro los Angeles hill south of the city to stop the Valencia road from being cut off. The attack collapsed due to language and communication problems, as well as lack of artillery support, but the road remained open in the end. Republican troops counterattacked all along the front in Madrid until 17th November, driving back the Nationalists in some areas despite heavy casualties. The 19th saw the Nationalists making their final assault, as Moroccan and Spanish Foreign Legionnaires attacked the University City supported by artillery, establishing a bridgehead across the Manzazares as they advanced. The Republicans counterattacked in bloody street fighting, but the Nationalists defended well and by the end of the battle, they controlled three quarters of the building complex. However, their attempts to storm Madrid had failed due to the massive resistance they faced.

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The Nationalists attacked on 8th November, supported by the Condor Legion and armor, but were stopped at the River Manzazares that separated them from the city centre. 30000 Republican troops were sent to defend the Casa del de Campo park and successfully held off the Nationalist assault, some even throwing rocks or fighting hand-to-hand. Some Nationalist troops broke through, but they were stopped at the western edge of the city. Late in the day, the very first volunteers arrived as the XI International Brigade, numbering 1900 men. Their arrival was a huge morale boost, as it proved that people did give a damn about Spain. On 9th November, the Nationalists assaulted the Carabanchel suburb. However, the area was heavily fortified and the Moroccan troops, lacking experience in urban warfare, were pinned down and killed by militiamen who knew the area well. In the evening, General Kleber sent the XI brigade to attack the Nationalist positions in Casa del de Campo, lasting until the next morning. The Nationalists were forced to retreat, while the brigade had lost a third of its men. On the 10th, the defenders were strengthened by the arrival of 4000 CNT anarchist militiamen from Aragon. On the 12th, the XII International Brigade, under General Zalka, attacked Nationalist positions on the Cerro los Angeles hill south of the city to stop the Valencia road from being cut off. The attack collapsed due to language and communication problems, as well as lack of artillery support, but the road remained open in the end. Republican troops counterattacked all along the front in Madrid until 17th November, driving back the Nationalists in some areas despite heavy casualties. The 19th saw the Nationalists making their final assault, as Moroccan and Spanish Foreign Legionnaires attacked the University City supported by artillery, establishing a bridgehead across the Manzazares as they advanced. The Republicans counterattacked in bloody street fighting, but the Nationalists defended well and by the end of the battle, they controlled three quarters of the building complex. However, their attempts to storm Madrid had failed due to the massive resistance they faced.
20th Apr '17 9:01:04 AM TheWildWestPyro
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When the war began in 1936, the Republic was extremely slow to respond. As many of the military had defected to Franco, the majority of loyalist troops were hastily armed and equipped militias with little training. As well as that, the Republic was struggling to get functioning weapons, with one problem being that the government had [[EpicFail stored the bolts to the Mauser rifles in a separate warehouse] [[{{Irony}} to prevent a military coup]]. Worsening the problem was a trade embargo was placed on Spain by the Non-Intervention Committee, headed by France and Britain, eager to continue their policy of appeasement. The only source of aid came from the USSR and the Comintern, but it was taking days to arrive. The Nationalists, meanwhile, had already been well-equipped by the Nazis and Italy, and were [[CurbStompBattle crushing every militia]] they came across. This was helped by the extremely competent Army of Africa, made up of Moroccan shock troops who were fiercely loyal to Franco and excelled in fighting in rural terrain. Soon, the Nationalists were preparing to encircle and seize Madrid.

to:

When the war began in 1936, the Republic was extremely slow to respond. As many of the military had defected to Franco, the majority of loyalist troops were hastily armed and equipped militias with little training. As well as that, the Republic was struggling to get functioning weapons, with one problem being that the government had [[EpicFail stored the bolts to the Mauser rifles in a separate warehouse] warehouse]] [[{{Irony}} to prevent a military coup]]. Worsening the problem was a trade embargo was placed on Spain by the Non-Intervention Committee, headed by France and Britain, eager to continue their policy of appeasement. The only source of aid came from the USSR and the Comintern, but it was taking days to arrive. The Nationalists, meanwhile, had already been well-equipped by the Nazis and Italy, and were [[CurbStompBattle crushing every militia]] they came across. This was helped by the extremely competent Army of Africa, made up of Moroccan shock troops who were fiercely loyal to Franco and excelled in fighting in rural terrain. Soon, the Nationalists were preparing to encircle and seize Madrid.
20th Apr '17 9:00:49 AM TheWildWestPyro
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.SpanishCivilWar