History UsefulNotes / SpanishCivilWar

24th Jan '17 5:30:39 AM TheWildWestPyro
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* ''Condors'', one of Creator/GarthEnnis' ''War Stories'' is set during a battle, in which a Spanish Republican and survivor of Guernica, a German pilot, an English International Brigades volunteer, and an Irish psychopath find themselves seeking cover in the same crater. They all declare an uneasy truce until the battle ends and tell each other their stories. The Spanish guy ends it with a ReasonYouSuckSpeech to each of them: to the German because Germany is using Spain to [[WorldWarII test their equipment for the next one]], the Englishman because he's a NaiveNewcomer believing in peaceful communism, and the Irishman because he's completely insane. They all split off after the artillery stops without shooting at each other, except for the Irishman who jumps back in waiting (in vain) for those bastards to ambush him.

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* ''Condors'', one of Creator/GarthEnnis' ''War Stories'' is set during a battle, in which a Spanish Republican and survivor of Guernica, a German pilot, an English International Brigades volunteer, and an Irish psychopath find themselves seeking cover in the same crater. They all declare an uneasy truce until the battle ends and tell each other their stories. The Spanish guy ends it with a ReasonYouSuckSpeech to each of them: to the German because Germany is using Spain to [[WorldWarII test their equipment for the next one]], the Englishman because he's a NaiveNewcomer believing in peaceful communism, and the Irishman because he's completely insane. They all split off after the artillery stops without shooting at each other, except for the Irishman who jumps back in waiting (in vain) for those bastards to ambush him. The ending finally reveals their names and their fates. The comic is also notable for its truly horrific and graphic depiction of the bombing of Guernica, which can be summed up as putting Picasso's mural into realistic art.
14th Jan '17 2:33:44 AM Morgenthaler
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* ''Literature/HomageToCatalonia,'' Creator/GeorgeOrwell's classic memoir of his volunteer service in the International Brigades on the Republican side. Moreover, Orwell's experience of the bloody opposition between the POUM militia he served in and the Stalinists of the Communist Party probably gave birth to his criticism of the USSR later expressed in ''AnimalFarm'' and ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''. The historian Paul Preston has criticized the book, not so much for its content, but for its elevation in Orwell's other works:

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* ''Literature/HomageToCatalonia,'' Creator/GeorgeOrwell's classic memoir of his volunteer service in the International Brigades on the Republican side. Moreover, Orwell's experience of the bloody opposition between the POUM militia he served in and the Stalinists of the Communist Party probably gave birth to his criticism of the USSR later expressed in ''AnimalFarm'' ''Literature/AnimalFarm'' and ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''. The historian Paul Preston has criticized the book, not so much for its content, but for its elevation in Orwell's other works:
12th Jan '17 8:10:58 PM TheWildWestPyro
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Added DiffLines:


!!VideoGames
* Appears in ''[[VideoGame/HeartsOfIron Hearts Of Iron IV]]'' as a main event for 1936 Spain that [[ButThouMust will nearly always fire up]] no matter what the circumstances. You can choose to side with the Republicans or Nationalists as Spain, then fight the civil war. Germany, Italy and the USSR will also send volunteers over and begin a lend-lease with your faction.
11th Jan '17 9:24:19 PM TheWildWestPyro
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* ''Literature/ForWhomTheBellTolls'', by Creator/ErnestHemingway. The main character is an American university professor who joined the International Brigades when the war started, and the plot deals with his idealism being eroded away by the realities of the war.
* ''PansLabyrinth'' is set just after the civil war, and the plot includes the fascist Captain Vidal weeding out the last few Republican holdout groups. It is a SpiritualSuccessor to the [[Creator/GuillermoDelToro same director]]'s ''Film/TheDevilsBackbone'', which is also set during the Spanish Civil War.

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* ''Literature/ForWhomTheBellTolls'', by Creator/ErnestHemingway. The main character is an American university professor and DemolitionsExpert who joined the International Brigades when the war started, and the plot deals with his idealism being eroded away by the realities of the war.
* ''PansLabyrinth'' is set just after the civil war, and the plot includes the terrifying fascist Captain Vidal weeding out the last few Republican holdout groups. It is a SpiritualSuccessor to the [[Creator/GuillermoDelToro same director]]'s ''Film/TheDevilsBackbone'', which is also set during the Spanish Civil War.
18th Nov '16 5:10:55 PM BabyM
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* Music/AlStewart's "Always the Cause"

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* Music/AlStewart's "Always the Cause"Cause" and "On the Border."
4th Nov '16 4:18:12 AM karstovich2
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The Spanish Civil War was fought from 1936-1939 by Spaniards, against Spaniards, with foreign powers directly assisting both sides. Though it is known as 'The' Spanish Civil War, it was but the last and bloodiest of four Civil Wars that Spain had fought in since UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte was ejected from Spain in 1812.

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The Spanish Civil War was fought from 1936-1939 by Spaniards, against Spaniards, with foreign powers directly assisting both sides. Though it is known as 'The' Spanish Civil War, it was but the last and bloodiest of four Civil Wars that Spain had fought in since UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte was ejected from Spain in 1812.
1812 (and the [[UsefulNotes/NapoleonicWars Peninsular War]] was arguably a civil war itself given that some Spaniards fought for Joseph Bonaparte's regime).
30th Sep '16 5:01:27 PM JulianLapostat
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* ''Land and Freedom'' by Ken Loach, follows the [[TearJerker tragic fate]] of a volunteer in the International Brigades. There are many similarities with Creator/GeorgeOrwell's book cited below.

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* ''Land and Freedom'' by Ken Loach, follows the [[TearJerker tragic fate]] of a volunteer in the International Brigades. There are many similarities with Creator/GeorgeOrwell's book cited below. The historian Paul Preston criticized it for being incredibly biased and obscure and for implying that Stalin was responsible for Republican defeat.[[note]] As Preston says, ''Ken Loach simplifies massively in the underlying assumption of the second half of his film that it was the Stalinist repression that led to Franco's victory. Hitler, Mussolini, Franco and Chamberlain were responsible for that victory, not Stalin. It is difficult to imagine how a revolutionary Spain could have succeeded without the support of Russian arms. indeed; without Russian arms and the International Brigades, Madrid would probably have fallen in November 1936 and Franco been victorious before the anarchists and Trotskyists of Barcelona became an issue.''[[/note]]



* ''Literature/HomageToCatalonia,'' Creator/GeorgeOrwell's classic memoir of his volunteer service in the International Brigades on the Republican side. Moreover, Orwell's experience of the bloody opposition between the POUM militia he served in and the Stalinists of the Communist Party probably gave birth to his criticism of the USSR later expressed in ''AnimalFarm'' and ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''.

to:

* ''Literature/HomageToCatalonia,'' Creator/GeorgeOrwell's classic memoir of his volunteer service in the International Brigades on the Republican side. Moreover, Orwell's experience of the bloody opposition between the POUM militia he served in and the Stalinists of the Communist Party probably gave birth to his criticism of the USSR later expressed in ''AnimalFarm'' and ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''. The historian Paul Preston has criticized the book, not so much for its content, but for its elevation in Orwell's other works:
--> '''Paul Preston''': Orwell's Homage to Catalonia is a brilliant and painfully honest book but it is not a "true" book. That is to say, it is not true if it is taken, as it is by most readers, as an overview of the Spanish civil war, when, in reality, it is a narrow and partisan account of one relatively marginal issue within the war.
9th Jun '16 7:05:55 AM moloch
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It was noted that the Nationalists were supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and to a lesser extent their neighbor Portugal. The fascist and ferociously Catholic Blue Shirts in Ireland send volunteers to fight with the Nationalists, while Irish socialists, communists and some IRA members joined the International Brigades. Given this international involvement, the weapons used in the early stages of World War II were tested in the Spanish conflict, especially the German Condor Legion, a volunteer Air unit whose vets would eventually take part in WorldWarII. Franco was fairly unenthusiastic about his Irish volunteers (after their initial propaganda use as Catholics ended)[[labelnote:full story]] Both because they were ''volunteers'' like the International Brigades, and thus not a regular, professional military unit in the way his German and Italian allies were, and also because they were [[GeneralFailure totally incompetent]] - their most successful engagement was killing thirteen men and losing just four, but [[FriendOrFoe they turned out to be Canarians on their own side.]] In their second and final engagement, after two men died they decided to retreat of their own accord - [[ScewThisImOuttaHere proving it was something that wasn't just confined to the Republican side]].[[/labelnote]] In the end [[SmallNameBigEgo O'Duffy (the Irish fascist leader)]] was essentially sent home by Franco. Presumably for similar reasons Franco also turned down offers of Belgian, Greek, and exiled White Russian volunteer brigades.

to:

It was noted that the Nationalists were supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and to a lesser extent their neighbor Portugal. The fascist and ferociously Catholic Blue Shirts in Ireland send volunteers to fight with the Nationalists, while Irish socialists, communists and some IRA members joined the International Brigades. Given this international involvement, the weapons used in the early stages of World War II were tested in the Spanish conflict, especially the German Condor Legion, a volunteer Air unit whose vets would eventually take part in WorldWarII. Franco was fairly unenthusiastic about his Irish volunteers (after their initial propaganda use as Catholics ended)[[labelnote:full story]] Both because they were ''volunteers'' like the International Brigades, and thus not a regular, professional military unit in the way his German and Italian allies were, and also because they were [[GeneralFailure totally incompetent]] - their most successful engagement was killing thirteen men and losing just four, but [[FriendOrFoe they turned out to be Canarians on their own side.]] In their second and final engagement, after two men died they decided to retreat of their own accord - [[ScewThisImOuttaHere [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere proving it was something that wasn't just confined to the Republican side]].[[/labelnote]] In the end [[SmallNameBigEgo O'Duffy (the Irish fascist leader)]] was essentially sent home by Franco. Presumably for similar reasons Franco also turned down offers of Belgian, Greek, and exiled White Russian volunteer brigades.
9th Jun '16 7:04:49 AM moloch
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It was noted that the Nationalists were supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and to a lesser extent their neighbor Portugal. The fascist and ferociously Catholic Blue Shirts in Ireland send volunteers to fight with the Nationalists, while Irish socialists, communists and some IRA members joined the International Brigades. Given this international involvement, the weapons used in the early stages of World War II were tested in the Spanish conflict, especially the German Condor Legion, a volunteer Air unit whose vets would eventually take part in WorldWarII. Franco was fairly unenthusiastic about his Irish volunteers (after their initial propaganda use as Catholics ended)[[labelnote:full story]] Both because they were ''volunteers'' like the International Brigades, and thus not a regular, professional military unit in the way his German and Italian allies were, and also because they were [[GeneralFailure totally incompetent]] - their most successful engagement was killing thirteen men and losing just four, but [[FriendOrFoe they turned out to be Canarians on their own side.]] In their second and final engagement, after two men died they decided to retreat of their own accord - [[ScewThisImOutOfHere proving it was something that wasn't just confined to the Republican side]].[[/labelnote]] In the end [[SmallNameBigEgo O'Duffy (the Irish fascist leader)]] was essentially sent home by Franco. Presumably for similar reasons Franco also turned down offers of Belgian, Greek, and exiled White Russian volunteer brigades.

to:

It was noted that the Nationalists were supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and to a lesser extent their neighbor Portugal. The fascist and ferociously Catholic Blue Shirts in Ireland send volunteers to fight with the Nationalists, while Irish socialists, communists and some IRA members joined the International Brigades. Given this international involvement, the weapons used in the early stages of World War II were tested in the Spanish conflict, especially the German Condor Legion, a volunteer Air unit whose vets would eventually take part in WorldWarII. Franco was fairly unenthusiastic about his Irish volunteers (after their initial propaganda use as Catholics ended)[[labelnote:full story]] Both because they were ''volunteers'' like the International Brigades, and thus not a regular, professional military unit in the way his German and Italian allies were, and also because they were [[GeneralFailure totally incompetent]] - their most successful engagement was killing thirteen men and losing just four, but [[FriendOrFoe they turned out to be Canarians on their own side.]] In their second and final engagement, after two men died they decided to retreat of their own accord - [[ScewThisImOutOfHere [[ScewThisImOuttaHere proving it was something that wasn't just confined to the Republican side]].[[/labelnote]] In the end [[SmallNameBigEgo O'Duffy (the Irish fascist leader)]] was essentially sent home by Franco. Presumably for similar reasons Franco also turned down offers of Belgian, Greek, and exiled White Russian volunteer brigades.
9th Jun '16 7:04:02 AM moloch
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It was noted that the Nationalists were supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and to a lesser extent their neighbor Portugal. The fascist and ferociously Catholic Blue Shirts in Ireland send volunteers to fight with the Nationalists, while Irish socialists, communists and some IRA members joined the International Brigades. Given this international involvement, the weapons used in the early stages of World War II were tested in the Spanish conflict, especially the German Condor Legion, a volunteer Air unit whose vets would eventually take part in WorldWarII. Franco was fairly unenthusiastic about his Irish volunteers (after their initial propaganda use as Catholics ended)[[labelnote:full story]] Both because they were ''volunteers'' like the International Brigades, and thus not a regular, professional military unit in the way his German and Italian allies were, and also because they were [[GeneralFailure totally incompetent]] - their most successful engagement was killing thirteen men and losing just four, but [[FriendOrFoe they turned out to be Canarians on their own side.]] In their second and final engagement, after two men died they decided to retreat of their own accord - [[ScewThisImOutOfHere something that wasn't just confined to the Republican side.[[/labelnote]] In the end [[SmallNameBigEgo O'Duffy (the Irish fascist leader)]] was essentially sent home by Franco. Presumably for similar reasons Franco also turned down offers of Belgian, Greek, and exiled White Russian volunteer brigades.

to:

It was noted that the Nationalists were supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and to a lesser extent their neighbor Portugal. The fascist and ferociously Catholic Blue Shirts in Ireland send volunteers to fight with the Nationalists, while Irish socialists, communists and some IRA members joined the International Brigades. Given this international involvement, the weapons used in the early stages of World War II were tested in the Spanish conflict, especially the German Condor Legion, a volunteer Air unit whose vets would eventually take part in WorldWarII. Franco was fairly unenthusiastic about his Irish volunteers (after their initial propaganda use as Catholics ended)[[labelnote:full story]] Both because they were ''volunteers'' like the International Brigades, and thus not a regular, professional military unit in the way his German and Italian allies were, and also because they were [[GeneralFailure totally incompetent]] - their most successful engagement was killing thirteen men and losing just four, but [[FriendOrFoe they turned out to be Canarians on their own side.]] In their second and final engagement, after two men died they decided to retreat of their own accord - [[ScewThisImOutOfHere proving it was something that wasn't just confined to the Republican side.side]].[[/labelnote]] In the end [[SmallNameBigEgo O'Duffy (the Irish fascist leader)]] was essentially sent home by Franco. Presumably for similar reasons Franco also turned down offers of Belgian, Greek, and exiled White Russian volunteer brigades.
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