History UsefulNotes / SpanishCivilWar

28th Apr '17 7:27:25 PM TheWildWestPyro
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Regarding small arms, the Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery despite the large amount of Italian guns-most famous of all, the civil war was where the 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one in a few years' time.

The Republicans, on the other hand, used anything they could get their hands on, from Spanish mortars to Polish hand grenades to Swedish anti-aircraft guns. As the USSR was their biggest source of aid, the Popular Army became mainly equipped with Soviet small arms and artillery, such as 37mm anti-tank guns and 85mm anti-aircraft guns. In particular, huge amounts of [[CoolGuns/BattleRifles Mosin-Nagants]], both the M1891 long rifle and shortened 91/30, were sent to the Republic as the war went on, becoming the service rifle for the International Brigades and seeing heavy use by the Popular Army and the Assault Guard, the Republic's military police. The [[CoolGuns/MachineGuns Degtyaryov DP]] soon became the main light machine gun for the Republicans and was standard-issue by 1938, the PM M1910 heavy machine gun was supplied in great quantities and the PPD-38/40 submachine gun, the ancestor of the famous [=PPSh=]-41, saw use in the later years of the war. All these proved to be reliable and hard-hitting, putting lots of holes in Nationalist troops throughout the war. Infamously, these were not provided for free-[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_gold the entire Spanish gold reserve]] was sent to the USSR as payment and never returned to Spain.

to:

Regarding small arms, the Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted weapons, adopting the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery despite the large amount of Italian guns-most famous of all, the civil war was where the 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one in a few years' time.

The Republicans, on the other hand, used anything they could get their hands on, from Spanish mortars to Polish hand grenades to Swedish anti-aircraft guns. As the USSR was their biggest source of aid, the Popular Army became and International Brigades were mainly equipped with Soviet small arms arms, most prominently the Mosin-Nagant 1891 long rifle, the Mosin-Nagant 91/30, the PM M1910 and artillery, the DP light machine gun. By the later years of the war, Soviet artillery was common, such as 37mm anti-tank guns and 85mm anti-aircraft guns. In particular, huge amounts of [[CoolGuns/BattleRifles Mosin-Nagants]], both the M1891 long rifle and shortened 91/30, were sent to the Republic as the war went on, becoming the service rifle for the International Brigades and seeing heavy use by the Popular Army and the Assault Guard, the Republic's military police. The [[CoolGuns/MachineGuns Degtyaryov DP]] soon became the main light machine gun for the Republicans and was standard-issue by 1938, the PM M1910 heavy machine gun was supplied in great quantities and the PPD-38/40 submachine gun, the ancestor of the famous [=PPSh=]-41, saw use in the later years of the war.guns. All these proved to be reliable and hard-hitting, putting lots of holes in Nationalist troops throughout the war. Infamously, these were not provided for free-[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_gold the entire Spanish gold reserve]] was sent to the USSR as payment and never returned to Spain.
28th Apr '17 7:24:38 PM TheWildWestPyro
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Regarding small arms, the Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery-most famous of all, the civil war was where 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one.

The Republicans, on the other hand, used anything they could get their hands on, from Spanish mortars to Polish hand grenades to Swedish anti-aircraft guns. As the USSR was their biggest source of aid, the Popular Army became mainly equipped with Soviet small arms and artillery. In particular, huge amounts of [[CoolGuns/BattleRifles Mosin-Nagants]], both the M1891 long rifle and shortened 91/30, were sent to the Republic as the war went on, becoming the service rifle for the International Brigades and seeing heavy use by the Popular Army and the Assault Guard, the Republic's military police. The [[CoolGuns/MachineGuns Degtyaryov DP]] soon became the main light machine gun for the Republicans and was standard-issue by 1938, the PM M1910 heavy machine gun was supplied in great quantities and the PPD-38/40 submachine gun, the ancestor of the famous [=PPSh=]-41, saw use in the later years of the war. All these proved to be reliable and hard-hitting, putting lots of holes in Nationalist troops throughout the war. Infamously, these were not provided for free-[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_gold the entire Spanish gold reserve]] was sent to the USSR as payment and never returned to Spain.

The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. The Republic also purchased insufficient stocks of ammo for these weapons, as well as doing the same with any artillery bought from arms dealers. As well as that, the level of Soviet and Mexican aid for the Republic ''never'' reached the same levels as the German and Italian sales to the Nationalists, meaning that the Republic was typically short of rounds for artillery and armor, having to take on the well-equipped Nationalists with rifles, pistols and whatever automatic weapons they had sufficient ammo for most of the time, with little to no artillery or air support.

to:

Regarding small arms, the Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery-most artillery despite the large amount of Italian guns-most famous of all, the civil war was where the 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one.

one in a few years' time.

The Republicans, on the other hand, used anything they could get their hands on, from Spanish mortars to Polish hand grenades to Swedish anti-aircraft guns. As the USSR was their biggest source of aid, the Popular Army became mainly equipped with Soviet small arms and artillery.artillery, such as 37mm anti-tank guns and 85mm anti-aircraft guns. In particular, huge amounts of [[CoolGuns/BattleRifles Mosin-Nagants]], both the M1891 long rifle and shortened 91/30, were sent to the Republic as the war went on, becoming the service rifle for the International Brigades and seeing heavy use by the Popular Army and the Assault Guard, the Republic's military police. The [[CoolGuns/MachineGuns Degtyaryov DP]] soon became the main light machine gun for the Republicans and was standard-issue by 1938, the PM M1910 heavy machine gun was supplied in great quantities and the PPD-38/40 submachine gun, the ancestor of the famous [=PPSh=]-41, saw use in the later years of the war. All these proved to be reliable and hard-hitting, putting lots of holes in Nationalist troops throughout the war. Infamously, these were not provided for free-[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_gold the entire Spanish gold reserve]] was sent to the USSR as payment and never returned to Spain.

The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers.calibers, or obsolete cannons and howitzers from the previous world war. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. The Republic also purchased insufficient stocks of ammo for these weapons, as well as doing the same with any artillery bought from arms dealers. As well as that, the level of Soviet and Mexican aid for the Republic ''never'' reached the same levels as the German and Italian sales to the Nationalists, meaning that the Republic was typically short of rounds for artillery and armor, having to take on the well-equipped Nationalists with rifles, pistols and whatever automatic weapons they had sufficient ammo for most of the time, with little to no artillery or air support.
27th Apr '17 5:33:14 AM TheWildWestPyro
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!!'''Weapons'''

The war is also famous as not only being a prelude to WW2, but for the huge amount of foreign aid in weapons provided to both sides. The Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery-most famous of all, the civil war was where 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one.

to:

!!'''Weapons'''

!!'''Weapons of the war'''

The war is also famous as not only being a prelude to WW2, but for the huge amount of foreign aid in weapons provided to both sides. The

Regarding small arms, the
Nationalists, who ended up controlling most of Spain's arms factories, stuck to using their Spanish Mauser rifles, namely the M1893 long rifle and the shortened M1916, both chambered in 7x57mm Mauser. However, they also received huge amounts of weapons from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. For the long run, it seems that Franco's army preferred German weapons. During the war itself, the Nationalists adopted the [[CoolGuns/SubmachineGuns [=MP28=]]] as their main submachine gun and switched to using 7.92mm Mauser as the standard rifle round after their victory. The Nationalists also adopted large amounts of German artillery-most famous of all, the civil war was where 8.8cm German anti-aircraft guns were discovered to be wonderful in anti-tank duties, to the bane of every WW2 Allied tank crew that were knocked out by one.



The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. The Republic also purchased insufficient stocks of ammo for these weapons, as well as doing the same with any artillery bought from arms dealers. On the other hand, almost all of the WW1 surplus guns received by the Republic still performed excellently in combat, resulting in their continued use until the very end of the war by whoever received them. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability.

to:

The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. The Republic also purchased insufficient stocks of ammo for these weapons, as well as doing the same with any artillery bought from arms dealers. On As well as that, the other hand, almost all level of the WW1 surplus guns received by Soviet and Mexican aid for the Republic still performed excellently in combat, resulting in their continued use until ''never'' reached the very end of same levels as the war by whoever received them. The Steyr-Mannlicher German and Italian sales to the Nationalists, meaning that the Republic was typically short of rounds for artillery and armor, having to take on the well-equipped Nationalists with rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although pistols and whatever automatic weapons they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack sufficient ammo for most of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 time, with little to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability.
no artillery or air support.
23rd Apr '17 9:05:54 AM TheWildWestPyro
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The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. On the other hand, almost all of the WW1 surplus guns received by the Republic still performed excellently in combat, resulting in their continued use until the very end of the war by whoever received them. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability. The majority of arms dealers also short-changed the Republic in arms deals, giving them much less ammunition than what they should have received.

to:

The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. The Republic also purchased insufficient stocks of ammo for these weapons, as well as doing the same with any artillery bought from arms dealers. On the other hand, almost all of the WW1 surplus guns received by the Republic still performed excellently in combat, resulting in their continued use until the very end of the war by whoever received them. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability. The majority of arms dealers also short-changed the Republic in arms deals, giving them much less ammunition than what they should have received.
23rd Apr '17 9:03:53 AM TheWildWestPyro
Is there an issue? Send a Message


The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. On the other hand, almost all of the WW1 surplus guns received by the Republic still performed excellently in combat. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability.

to:

The Republic's suppliers, including Poland, Mexico, France and Czechoslovakia alongside the USSR, also unloaded all their outdated or unwanted small arms on them, such as Colt-Browning M1895 machine guns and Steyr-Mannlicher rifles. More often than not, the Republic received guns that had mismatched parts, were past their prime and chambered in various calibers. Poland in particular was guilty of this, with only a quarter of their shipments being Polish weapons. The result was a logistical nightmare for Republican quartermasters, who had to now supply their men with up to twenty different types of ammo, something made even more difficult by an international arms embargo on Spain. On the other hand, almost all of the WW1 surplus guns received by the Republic still performed excellently in combat.combat, resulting in their continued use until the very end of the war by whoever received them. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifles, for example, were used by the British volunteers in their first battles. Although they had to be loaded by hand due to a lack of stripper clips, the rifle's surprisingly high rate of fire-around 30 to 35 rounds a minute-made it a very effective battle rifle. The French [[RareGuns Chauchats]], however, continued their reputation for sheer unreliability.
unreliability. The majority of arms dealers also short-changed the Republic in arms deals, giving them much less ammunition than what they should have received.
20th Apr '17 3:36:32 PM TheWildWestPyro
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The Nationalists attacked on 8th November, supported by the Condor Legion and armor, but were stopped at the River Manzazares that separated them from the city centre. 30000 Republican troops were sent to defend the Casa del Campo park and successfully held off the Nationalist assault, some even throwing rocks or fighting hand-to-hand. Some Nationalist troops broke through, but they were stopped at the western edge of the city. Late in the day, the very first volunteers arrived as the XI International Brigade, numbering 1900 men. Their arrival was a huge morale boost, as it proved that people did give a damn about Spain. On 9th November, the Nationalists assaulted the Carabanchel suburb. However, the area was heavily fortified and the Moroccan troops, lacking experience in urban warfare, were pinned down and killed by militiamen who knew the area well. In the evening, General Kleber sent the XI brigade to attack the Nationalist positions in Casa del Campo, lasting until the next morning. The Nationalists were forced to retreat, while the brigade had lost a third of its men. On the 10th, the defenders were strengthened by the arrival of 4000 CNT anarchist militiamen from Aragon. On the 12th, the XII International Brigade, under General Zalka, attacked Nationalist positions on the Cerro los Angeles hill south of the city to stop the Valencia road from being cut off. The attack collapsed due to language and communication problems, as well as lack of artillery support, but the road remained open in the end. Republican troops counterattacked all along the front in Madrid until 17th November, driving back the Nationalists in some areas despite heavy casualties. The 19th saw the Nationalists making their final assault, as Moroccan and Spanish Foreign Legionnaires attacked the University City supported by artillery, establishing a bridgehead across the Manzazares as they advanced. The Republicans counterattacked in bloody street fighting, but the Nationalists defended well and by the end of the battle, they controlled three quarters of the building complex. However, their attempts to storm Madrid had failed due to the massive resistance they faced.

to:

The Nationalists attacked on 8th November, supported by the Condor Legion and armor, but were stopped at the River Manzazares that separated them from the city centre. 30000 Republican troops were sent to defend the Casa del de Campo park and successfully held off the Nationalist assault, some even throwing rocks or fighting hand-to-hand. Some Nationalist troops broke through, but they were stopped at the western edge of the city. Late in the day, the very first volunteers arrived as the XI International Brigade, numbering 1900 men. Their arrival was a huge morale boost, as it proved that people did give a damn about Spain. On 9th November, the Nationalists assaulted the Carabanchel suburb. However, the area was heavily fortified and the Moroccan troops, lacking experience in urban warfare, were pinned down and killed by militiamen who knew the area well. In the evening, General Kleber sent the XI brigade to attack the Nationalist positions in Casa del de Campo, lasting until the next morning. The Nationalists were forced to retreat, while the brigade had lost a third of its men. On the 10th, the defenders were strengthened by the arrival of 4000 CNT anarchist militiamen from Aragon. On the 12th, the XII International Brigade, under General Zalka, attacked Nationalist positions on the Cerro los Angeles hill south of the city to stop the Valencia road from being cut off. The attack collapsed due to language and communication problems, as well as lack of artillery support, but the road remained open in the end. Republican troops counterattacked all along the front in Madrid until 17th November, driving back the Nationalists in some areas despite heavy casualties. The 19th saw the Nationalists making their final assault, as Moroccan and Spanish Foreign Legionnaires attacked the University City supported by artillery, establishing a bridgehead across the Manzazares as they advanced. The Republicans counterattacked in bloody street fighting, but the Nationalists defended well and by the end of the battle, they controlled three quarters of the building complex. However, their attempts to storm Madrid had failed due to the massive resistance they faced.
20th Apr '17 9:01:04 AM TheWildWestPyro
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When the war began in 1936, the Republic was extremely slow to respond. As many of the military had defected to Franco, the majority of loyalist troops were hastily armed and equipped militias with little training. As well as that, the Republic was struggling to get functioning weapons, with one problem being that the government had [[EpicFail stored the bolts to the Mauser rifles in a separate warehouse] [[{{Irony}} to prevent a military coup]]. Worsening the problem was a trade embargo was placed on Spain by the Non-Intervention Committee, headed by France and Britain, eager to continue their policy of appeasement. The only source of aid came from the USSR and the Comintern, but it was taking days to arrive. The Nationalists, meanwhile, had already been well-equipped by the Nazis and Italy, and were [[CurbStompBattle crushing every militia]] they came across. This was helped by the extremely competent Army of Africa, made up of Moroccan shock troops who were fiercely loyal to Franco and excelled in fighting in rural terrain. Soon, the Nationalists were preparing to encircle and seize Madrid.

to:

When the war began in 1936, the Republic was extremely slow to respond. As many of the military had defected to Franco, the majority of loyalist troops were hastily armed and equipped militias with little training. As well as that, the Republic was struggling to get functioning weapons, with one problem being that the government had [[EpicFail stored the bolts to the Mauser rifles in a separate warehouse] warehouse]] [[{{Irony}} to prevent a military coup]]. Worsening the problem was a trade embargo was placed on Spain by the Non-Intervention Committee, headed by France and Britain, eager to continue their policy of appeasement. The only source of aid came from the USSR and the Comintern, but it was taking days to arrive. The Nationalists, meanwhile, had already been well-equipped by the Nazis and Italy, and were [[CurbStompBattle crushing every militia]] they came across. This was helped by the extremely competent Army of Africa, made up of Moroccan shock troops who were fiercely loyal to Franco and excelled in fighting in rural terrain. Soon, the Nationalists were preparing to encircle and seize Madrid.
20th Apr '17 9:00:49 AM TheWildWestPyro
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20th Apr '17 9:00:13 AM TheWildWestPyro
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One of the war's most infamous atrocities was the bombing of Guernica on 26th April 1937, perpetrated by the German expeditionary force, the Condor Legion and the Italian volunteer Legionary Air Force. It was the first widely-known example of carpet bombing of a civilian target, and inspired Creator/PabloPicasso's heart-wrenching and monumental mural ''Guernica''. The reason behind the bombings remain unknown, but what is currently known is that Franco wanted to destroy a bridge in the town to cut off the retreating Republicans from Vizcaya province, where a successful Nationalist assault had occurred earlier. Many refugees had also headed into Guernica. Guernica was also home to a large Basque population, a minority group that the Nationalists thoroughly distrusted. However, Guernica's population had largely stayed out of the war itself.

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One of the war's most infamous atrocities was the bombing of Guernica on 26th April 1937, perpetrated by the German expeditionary force, the Condor Legion and the Italian volunteer Legionary Air Force.Force, lasting for three hours in total. It was the first widely-known example of carpet bombing of a civilian target, and inspired Creator/PabloPicasso's heart-wrenching and monumental mural ''Guernica''. The reason behind the bombings remain unknown, but what is currently known is that Franco wanted to destroy a bridge in the town to cut off the retreating Republicans from Vizcaya province, where a successful Nationalist assault had occurred earlier. Many refugees had also headed into Guernica. Guernica was also home to a large Basque population, a minority group that the Nationalists thoroughly distrusted. However, Guernica's population had largely stayed out of the war itself.



The 1st, 2nd and 3rd squadrons of the Condor Legion, made up of Junker Ju 52 bombers, were escorted by Fiat biplanes and Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters. From 6:30 to 6:45, the Condor Legion dropped hundreds of incendiary bombs and high explosives on the defenseless population, burning dozens of civilians alive or crushing them under collapsing rubble. Those who tried to leave Guernica by the town roads were machine-gunned by the German and Italian fighters. In just 15 terrible minutes, three-quarters of the town was completely destroyed and hundreds of men, women and children were dead. Soon, the advancing Nationalists overran the town, as any defenders were too shattered to resist.

The international community was horrified and disgusted, as well as the Basque community. The fact that the Nationalists had managed to miss two arms factories and the bridge lead many to believe that their goal was to simply bomb Guernica to the ground. The Nationalists quickly denied this, claiming to journalists that the Republicans had deliberately destroyed the town and blamed the surviving Basques for 'assisting' in the destruction. Although the Republicans used a scorched earth policy before, the sheer level of damage and the delay of firemen arriving from Bilbao lead many journalists to discredit Nationalist claims. To this day, Guernica remains a hotly disputed topic, with the Basques viewing it as deliberate mass murder.

to:

The 1st, 2nd and 3rd squadrons of the Condor Legion, made up of Junker Ju 52 bombers, were escorted by Fiat biplanes and Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters. From 6:30 to 6:45, the Condor Legion dropped hundreds of incendiary bombs and high explosives on the defenseless population, burning dozens of civilians alive or crushing them under collapsing rubble. Those who tried to leave Guernica by the town roads were machine-gunned by the German and Italian fighters. In just 15 terrible minutes, the bombing raid was complete, leaving three-quarters of the town was completely destroyed and hundreds of men, women and children were dead.dead in the ruins. Soon, the advancing Nationalists overran the town, as any defenders were too shattered to resist.

The international community was horrified and disgusted, as well as the Basque community. The fact that the Nationalists had managed to miss two arms factories and the bridge lead many to believe that their goal was to simply bomb Guernica to the ground. The Nationalists quickly denied this, claiming to journalists that the Republicans had deliberately destroyed the town and blamed the surviving Basques for 'assisting' in the destruction. Although the Republicans used a scorched earth policy before, the sheer level of damage and the delay of firemen arriving from Bilbao lead many journalists to discredit Nationalist claims. To this day, Guernica remains a hotly disputed topic, topic within Spain, with the Basques viewing it as deliberate mass murder.
19th Apr '17 10:18:41 PM TheWildWestPyro
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The situation looked hopeless by October 1936. [[ForegoneConclusion Reporters in Madrid were so confident that the city would fall that they sent communiques congratulating the Nationalists]] for taking Madrid. The government quickly abandoned the city for Valencia, an act seen as cowardice by many Republicans. The Nationalists also not only had German and Italian volunteers already, but air support, light tanks and lots of artillery. In contrast, Madrid was defended by some very green loyalist troops commanded by a few loyal generals, the police force and several militias mainly equipped with small arms and a tiny amount of artillery. Most of the defenders had never seen combat before-some didn't even know how to operate their weapons properly-and were short of ammunition to boot. Their only advantage was that they had more manpower than the Nationalists surrounding them. Nevertheless, they and the civilian population vowed to resist and turn Madrid into [[BadassBoast the tomb of fascism]]. From children to the elderly, ordinary civilians dug trenches, learned to shoot in their street clothes, set up barricades, fortified buildings as best as they could, supplied ammo to defenders and kept watch for air raids. Inspired by this show of resistance, Spanish communist [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolores_Ibárruri Dolores Ibárruri]], aka ''La Pasionara'', made a radio speech telling the defenders to [[TheyShallNotPass do everything to stop the Nationalists]]. Very soon, '¡No Pasarán!' became ''the'' BattleCry for the Republicans and giant banners painted with it were hung up in the city. Similarly, in a newsreel, Spanish poet [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Alberti Rafael Aberti]] wrote an emotional poem persuading the Republicans to fight to the end.

to:

The situation looked hopeless by October 1936. [[ForegoneConclusion Reporters in Madrid were so confident that the city would fall that they sent communiques congratulating the Nationalists]] for taking Madrid. The government quickly abandoned the city for Valencia, an act seen as cowardice by many Republicans. The Nationalists also not only had German and Italian volunteers already, but air support, light tanks and lots of artillery. In contrast, Madrid was defended by some very green loyalist troops commanded by a few loyal generals, the police force and several militias mainly equipped with small arms and a tiny amount of artillery. Most of the defenders had never seen combat before-some didn't even know how to operate their weapons properly-and were short of ammunition to boot. Their only advantage was that they had more manpower than the Nationalists surrounding them. Nevertheless, they and the civilian population vowed to resist and turn Madrid into [[BadassBoast the tomb of fascism]]. From children to the elderly, ordinary civilians dug trenches, learned to shoot in their street clothes, set up barricades, fortified buildings as best as they could, supplied ammo to defenders and kept watch for air raids. Inspired by this show of resistance, Spanish communist [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolores_Ibárruri Dolores Ibárruri]], aka ''La Pasionara'', made a radio speech telling the defenders to [[TheyShallNotPass [[YouShallNotPass do everything to stop the Nationalists]]. Very soon, '¡No Pasarán!' became ''the'' BattleCry for the Republicans and giant banners painted with it were hung up in the city. Similarly, in a newsreel, Spanish poet [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Alberti Rafael Aberti]] wrote an emotional poem persuading the Republicans to fight to the end.
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