History UsefulNotes / Shanghai

12th Feb '17 9:56:24 AM 64SuperNintendo
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* ''Manga/FistOfTheBlueSky'' takes place in the pre-WWII Shanghai where Kasumi Kenshiro the master of Hokuto Shinken helps his friend, who is the leader of Qing Bang (Green Gang), take over the city and build the said utopia called Shangri-La,

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* ''Manga/FistOfTheBlueSky'' takes place in the pre-WWII Shanghai where Kasumi Kenshiro the master of Hokuto Shinken helps his friend, who is the leader of Qing Bang (Green Gang), take over the city and build the said utopia called Shangri-La,Shangri-La.
26th Dec '16 7:33:43 PM Chytus
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Shanghai (上海, lit. "[[LostInTranslation Over/Above/On]] [the] Sea") is a young city by Chinese standards. Until the 1840s it was a quiet fishing town, but when British forces seized it in the course of the First Opium War in 1840, they realized its potential as a trade emporium, given its location near the mouth of the Yangzi River. At the conclusion of both wars, Foreign powers were conceded 'settlements' in and around the country's more marginal coastal and riverine areas. Shanghai was one of these places. The 'International Settlement' was formed in 1863 with the merger of the British and American territories, while the ''Concession Française'' remained independent. ImperialJapan gained its own concession in 1895, with the conclusion of the Sino-Japanese war in their favour. The old town, meanwhile, remained under Shanghai-nese jurisdiction.

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Shanghai (上海, lit. "[[LostInTranslation Over/Above/On]] [the] Sea") is a young city by Chinese standards. Until the 1840s it was a quiet fishing town, but when British forces seized it in the course of the First Opium War in 1840, they realized its potential as a trade emporium, given its location near the mouth of the Yangzi River. At the conclusion of both wars, Foreign powers were conceded 'settlements' in and around the country's more marginal coastal and riverine river areas. Shanghai was one of these places. The 'International Settlement' was formed in 1863 with the merger of the British and American territories, while the ''Concession Française'' remained independent. ImperialJapan UsefulNotes/ImperialJapan gained its own concession in 1895, with the conclusion of the Sino-Japanese war in their favour. The old town, meanwhile, remained under Shanghai-nese jurisdiction.



[[UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar Within a couple of months of the Guandong Army taking Beijing in the Summer of 1937]], the fighting spread to Shanghai. We used to be sure this was Chiang's idea, as a means of weakening the IJA's southward advance from Beijing, but now we're not so sure. It appears that the NRA Commander assigned to Shanghai was in fact a Soviet agent acting on orders from Moscow to try to take the fighting south (and away from the Chinese-Japanese-Mongolian-Soviet border), much as the Japanese Commander who oversaw the IJA's resounding defeat Nomonhan/Kalkhin Ghol also appears to have been one. However the Second Battle of Shanghai actually started, it constituted one of history's most bizarre spectacles as Japan continued to deny that the million-man four-month battle (with artillery, tanks, 'planes, and warships) did not constitute a war. Both sides had to be careful in their use of fire support due to the presence of the foreign settlements - the sinking of an American river gunboat USS ''Panay'' by IJA aircraft while she was evacuating people from the American embassy in Nanking/Nanjing made things ''very'' awkward at one point - which remained mostly unmolested until they too were occupied when Japan entered the [[WorldWarTwo wider war]] in 1941.

The city's post-war economic recovery was initially helped by the incompetence and corruption of Chiang's regime, which oversaw high inflation which stimulated businesses. However, while this helped the city's debtors (as the real value of their debts was reduced by the decreasing value of money) it crippled its lenders and this reluctance to lend money (because it was getting harder and harder to make profits from lending) eventually resulted in net economic stagnation during the hyper-inflation spiral of 1947 (which completely wiped out all debt and destroyed the entire Shanghai-based banking sector). While a new currency, the Gold Yuan, was instituted the Guomindang's inflationary policies hadn't changed and it was only when the Communist People's Liberation Army (PLA) fought their way into the city that it ended. The PLA made everyone, at gunpoint, stop creating inflation by forcing everyone to buy and sell everything at fixed places and prices under direct PLA supervision and the threat of death. The PLA also broke up the strikes at Shanghai's factories, dismantled the trade unions, and got production going again. While the policy of 'price controls' (of fixed prices on all goods) wasn't new, the Communists actually had the power to implement it in the countryside (which only they had enough militia, and the willingness to use brutal force, to police) as well as in the cities. A whole host of policies insituted from the city's capture until the first five-year economic plan were exact clones of Guomindang policies, albeit instituted with a degree of ruthlessness and efficiency that Chiang's regime hadn't been able to match since 1937.

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[[UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar Within a couple of months of the Guandong Army taking Beijing in the Summer of 1937]], the fighting spread to Shanghai. We used to be sure this was Chiang's idea, as a means of weakening the IJA's southward advance from Beijing, but now we're not so sure. It appears that the NRA Commander assigned to Shanghai was in fact a Soviet agent acting on orders from Moscow to try to take the fighting south (and away from the Chinese-Japanese-Mongolian-Soviet border), much as the Japanese Commander who oversaw the IJA's resounding defeat Nomonhan/Kalkhin Ghol also appears to have been one. However the Second Battle of Shanghai actually started, it constituted one of history's most bizarre spectacles as Japan continued to deny that the million-man four-month battle (with artillery, tanks, 'planes, and warships) did not constitute a war. Both sides had to be careful in their use of fire support due to the presence of the foreign settlements - the sinking of an American river gunboat USS ''Panay'' by IJA aircraft while she was evacuating people from the American embassy in Nanking/Nanjing made things ''very'' awkward at one point - which remained mostly unmolested until they too were occupied when Japan entered the [[WorldWarTwo [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII wider war]] in 1941.

The city's post-war economic recovery was initially helped by the incompetence and corruption of Chiang's regime, which oversaw high inflation which stimulated businesses. However, while this helped the city's debtors (as the real value of their debts was reduced by the decreasing value of money) it crippled its lenders and this reluctance to lend money (because it was getting harder and harder to make profits from lending) eventually resulted in net economic stagnation during the hyper-inflation spiral of 1947 (which completely wiped out all debt and destroyed the entire Shanghai-based banking sector). While a new currency, the Gold Yuan, was instituted the Guomindang's inflationary policies hadn't changed and it was only when the Communist People's Liberation Army (PLA) fought their way into the city that it ended. The PLA made everyone, at gunpoint, stop creating inflation by forcing everyone to buy and sell everything at fixed places and prices under direct PLA supervision and the threat of death. The PLA also broke up the strikes at Shanghai's factories, dismantled the trade unions, and got production going again. While the policy of 'price controls' (of fixed prices on all goods) wasn't new, the Communists actually had the power to implement it in the countryside (which only they had enough militia, and the willingness to use brutal force, to police) as well as in the cities. A whole host of policies insituted instituted from the city's capture until the first five-year economic plan were exact clones of Guomindang policies, albeit instituted with a degree of ruthlessness and efficiency that Chiang's regime hadn't been able to match since 1937.



However, in 1991, Deng Xiaoping granted the country greater economic freedom, and Shanghai has since then grown into a shining powerhouse of unrestrained business activity. In a few short years, the Pudong financial center has sprung up from the ground on the Eastern shore of the Huangpu river, and is now a glittering collection of postmodern skyscrapers as impressive as HongKong's. One of the most well-known is the Oriental Pearl Tower (it's that big pointy thing in the picture at the top of this page). It is quite astonishingly ugly to look at in real life.

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However, in 1991, Deng Xiaoping granted the country greater economic freedom, and Shanghai has since then grown into a shining powerhouse of unrestrained business activity. In a few short years, the Pudong financial center has sprung up from the ground on the Eastern shore of the Huangpu river, and is now a glittering collection of postmodern skyscrapers as impressive as HongKong's.UsefulNotes/HongKong's. One of the most well-known is the Oriental Pearl Tower (it's that big pointy thing in the picture at the top of this page). It is quite astonishingly ugly to look at in real life.



* Much of {{Tintin}}'s adventure "The Blue Lotus" takes place in Shanghai.
* ComicBook/CortoMaltese goes through Shanghai on his way from HongKong in "Corto Maltese in Siberia".

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* Much of {{Tintin}}'s Franchise/{{Tintin}}'s adventure "The Blue Lotus" takes place in Shanghai.
* ComicBook/CortoMaltese goes through Shanghai on his way from HongKong UsefulNotes/HongKong in "Corto Maltese in Siberia".



* ''The Corps'' series by Creator/WEBGriffin opens in 1940 Shanghai, where Corporal Kenneth [=McCoy=] and several other major characters are stationed with the 4th Marine Regiment, and spends several chapters there. The complexities, corruption, tensions and intrigues of the international city are extensively explored, with [=McCoy=] gaining his nickname [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast "Killer"]] after defending himself with a knife from three drunk Italian soldiers, being cleared of charges by [[HistoricalDomainCharacter Captain Bruce Fairbairn]] of the Shanghai Municipal Police (who lost the knife to [=McCoy=] in a card game), and [=McCoy=] being reassigned to eavesdrop on the Japanese when he informs his superiors that his local girlfriend (or "sleeping dictionary") taught him the language [[TheOmniglot (among several others)]].

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* ''The Corps'' series by Creator/WEBGriffin opens in 1940 Shanghai, where Corporal Kenneth [=McCoy=] and several other major characters are stationed with the 4th Marine Regiment, and spends several chapters there. The complexities, corruption, tensions and intrigues of the international city are extensively explored, with [=McCoy=] gaining his nickname [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast "Killer"]] after defending himself with a knife from three drunk Italian soldiers, being cleared of charges by [[HistoricalDomainCharacter Captain Bruce Fairbairn]] of the Shanghai Municipal Police (who lost the knife to [=McCoy=] in a card game), and [=McCoy=] being reassigned to eavesdrop on the Japanese when he informs his superiors that his local girlfriend (or "sleeping dictionary") taught him the language [[TheOmniglot [[{{Omniglot}} (among several others)]].
20th Oct '16 10:26:10 AM Morgenthaler
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The freewheeling atmosphere, in which everyone was on the take and everything went, was a magnet to artists and intellectuals, and throughout the inter-war years Shanghai was one of the most culturally dynamic cities in the world, earning the city the moniker "Paris of the East". It was also a hotbed of political activism, witnessing the birth and death of the Urban-Proletarian Communist movement; it was both the founding place of the (first) Chinese Communist Party in 1921, and Chiang's primary target [[NoMoreEmperors in 1927's April 12 massacre of all the city's Socialists]] ([[EnemyMine as identified and disposed of by Mister Du Yuesheng and his Green Gang]]).

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The freewheeling atmosphere, in which everyone was on the take and everything went, was a magnet to artists and intellectuals, and throughout the inter-war years Shanghai was one of the most culturally dynamic cities in the world, earning the city the moniker "Paris of the East". It was also a hotbed of political activism, witnessing the birth and death of the Urban-Proletarian Communist movement; it was both the founding place of the (first) Chinese Communist Party in 1921, and Chiang's primary target [[NoMoreEmperors [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors in 1927's April 12 massacre of all the city's Socialists]] ([[EnemyMine as identified and disposed of by Mister Du Yuesheng and his Green Gang]]).
20th Oct '16 9:16:23 AM Morgenthaler
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[[SecondSinoJapaneseWar Within a couple of months of the Guandong Army taking Beijing in the Summer of 1937]], the fighting spread to Shanghai. We used to be sure this was Chiang's idea, as a means of weakening the IJA's southward advance from Beijing, but now we're not so sure. It appears that the NRA Commander assigned to Shanghai was in fact a Soviet agent acting on orders from Moscow to try to take the fighting south (and away from the Chinese-Japanese-Mongolian-Soviet border), much as the Japanese Commander who oversaw the IJA's resounding defeat Nomonhan/Kalkhin Ghol also appears to have been one. However the Second Battle of Shanghai actually started, it constituted one of history's most bizarre spectacles as Japan continued to deny that the million-man four-month battle (with artillery, tanks, 'planes, and warships) did not constitute a war. Both sides had to be careful in their use of fire support due to the presence of the foreign settlements - the sinking of an American river gunboat USS ''Panay'' by IJA aircraft while she was evacuating people from the American embassy in Nanking/Nanjing made things ''very'' awkward at one point - which remained mostly unmolested until they too were occupied when Japan entered the [[WorldWarTwo wider war]] in 1941.

to:

[[SecondSinoJapaneseWar [[UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar Within a couple of months of the Guandong Army taking Beijing in the Summer of 1937]], the fighting spread to Shanghai. We used to be sure this was Chiang's idea, as a means of weakening the IJA's southward advance from Beijing, but now we're not so sure. It appears that the NRA Commander assigned to Shanghai was in fact a Soviet agent acting on orders from Moscow to try to take the fighting south (and away from the Chinese-Japanese-Mongolian-Soviet border), much as the Japanese Commander who oversaw the IJA's resounding defeat Nomonhan/Kalkhin Ghol also appears to have been one. However the Second Battle of Shanghai actually started, it constituted one of history's most bizarre spectacles as Japan continued to deny that the million-man four-month battle (with artillery, tanks, 'planes, and warships) did not constitute a war. Both sides had to be careful in their use of fire support due to the presence of the foreign settlements - the sinking of an American river gunboat USS ''Panay'' by IJA aircraft while she was evacuating people from the American embassy in Nanking/Nanjing made things ''very'' awkward at one point - which remained mostly unmolested until they too were occupied when Japan entered the [[WorldWarTwo wider war]] in 1941.
24th Sep '16 10:21:55 AM nombretomado
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* ''Fist of Fury'' (精武门) -- the film with BruceLee, and its remake ''Film/FistOfLegend'' (精武英雄) with Jet Li.

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* ''Fist of Fury'' (精武门) -- the film with BruceLee, Creator/BruceLee, and its remake ''Film/FistOfLegend'' (精武英雄) with Jet Li.
20th Jul '16 7:57:37 AM megarockman
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%%* ''Film/KungFuHustle''

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%%* ''Film/KungFuHustle''* ''Film/KungFuHustle'' is set in the freewheeling 1930's days of the city.
23rd Jun '16 5:35:36 AM Glacierfairy
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* Episode 4 ("City of Temptation") of ''Literature/JokerGame'' takes place in 1941 Shanghai and it also shows the sheer contrast of wealth and poverty between its inhabitants.
16th May '16 12:47:53 AM Wuz
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This complicated political situation was a boon to the criminal underworld, Late-Imperial/[[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Early-Republican]] Shanghai was notorious as the playground of powerful [[TheTriadsAndTheTongs triads]]. All manner of illegal activity thrived, most famously prostitution and opium smuggling. Shanghai was referred to as "the greatest brothel in the world" and "the Whore of the Orient", and a common joke among visiting missionaries was that "If God allows Shanghai to endure, He'll owe Sodom and Gomorrah an apology." When UsefulNotes/ChiangKaiShek [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors marched into the city in 1927]], the most powerful man in the city was crime Lord Du "Big Ears" Yuesheng, leader of the 'Green Gang'.

to:

This complicated political situation was a boon to the criminal underworld, Late-Imperial/[[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Early-Republican]] Shanghai was notorious as the playground of powerful [[TheTriadsAndTheTongs triads]]. All manner of illegal activity thrived, most famously prostitution and opium smuggling. Shanghai was referred to as "the greatest brothel in the world" and "the Whore of the Orient", and a common joke among visiting missionaries was that "If God allows Shanghai to endure, He'll owe Sodom and Gomorrah an apology." When UsefulNotes/ChiangKaiShek [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors marched into the city in 1927]], the most powerful man in the city was crime Lord Du "Big Ears" Yuesheng, leader of the 'Green Gang'.
"Green Gang".



* ''Manga/FistOfTheBlueSky'' takes place in the pre-WWII Shanghai where Kasumi Kenshiro the master of Hokuto Shinken helps his friend, who is the leader of Qing Bang (Blue Gang), take over the city and build the said utopia called Shangri-La,

to:

* ''Manga/FistOfTheBlueSky'' takes place in the pre-WWII Shanghai where Kasumi Kenshiro the master of Hokuto Shinken helps his friend, who is the leader of Qing Bang (Blue (Green Gang), take over the city and build the said utopia called Shangri-La,



* ''Man's Fate'' by André Malraux is about the crackdown against Shanghai Communists implemented by Jiang Jieshi in 1927 with the support of the Blue Gang.

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* ''Man's Fate'' by André Malraux is about the crackdown against Shanghai Communists implemented by Jiang Jieshi in 1927 with the support of the Blue Green Gang.
4th Apr '16 12:33:46 AM GrammarNavi
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* ''The Corps'' series by Creator/WEBGriffin opens in 1940 Shanghai, where Corporal Kenneth McCoy and several other major characters are stationed with the 4th Marine Regiment, and spends several chapters there. The complexities, corruption, tensions and intrigues of the international city are extensively explored, with McCoy gaining his nickname [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast "Killer"]] after defending himself with a knife from three drunk Italian soldiers, being cleared of charges by [[HistoricalDomainCharacter Captain Bruce Fairbairn]] of the Shanghai Municipal Police (who lost the knife to McCoy in a card game), and McCoy being reassigned to eavesdrop on the Japanese when he informs his superiors that his local girlfriend (or "sleeping dictionary") taught him the language [[TheOmniglot (among several others)]].

to:

* ''The Corps'' series by Creator/WEBGriffin opens in 1940 Shanghai, where Corporal Kenneth McCoy [=McCoy=] and several other major characters are stationed with the 4th Marine Regiment, and spends several chapters there. The complexities, corruption, tensions and intrigues of the international city are extensively explored, with McCoy [=McCoy=] gaining his nickname [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast "Killer"]] after defending himself with a knife from three drunk Italian soldiers, being cleared of charges by [[HistoricalDomainCharacter Captain Bruce Fairbairn]] of the Shanghai Municipal Police (who lost the knife to McCoy [=McCoy=] in a card game), and McCoy [=McCoy=] being reassigned to eavesdrop on the Japanese when he informs his superiors that his local girlfriend (or "sleeping dictionary") taught him the language [[TheOmniglot (among several others)]].
3rd Apr '16 11:14:24 AM karstovich2
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This complicated political situation was a boon to the criminal underworld, Late-Imperial/[[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Early-Republican]] Shanghai was notorious as the playground of powerful triads. All manner of illegal activity thrived, most famously prostitution and opium smuggling. Shanghai was referred to as "the greatest brothel in the world" and "the Whore of the Orient", and a common joke among visiting missionaries was that "If God allows Shanghai to endure, He'll owe Sodom and Gomorrah an apology." When UsefulNotes/ChiangKaiShek [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors marched into the city in 1927]], the most powerful man in the city was crime Lord Du "Big Ears" Yuesheng, leader of the 'Green Gang'.

to:

This complicated political situation was a boon to the criminal underworld, Late-Imperial/[[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Early-Republican]] Shanghai was notorious as the playground of powerful triads.[[TheTriadsAndTheTongs triads]]. All manner of illegal activity thrived, most famously prostitution and opium smuggling. Shanghai was referred to as "the greatest brothel in the world" and "the Whore of the Orient", and a common joke among visiting missionaries was that "If God allows Shanghai to endure, He'll owe Sodom and Gomorrah an apology." When UsefulNotes/ChiangKaiShek [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors marched into the city in 1927]], the most powerful man in the city was crime Lord Du "Big Ears" Yuesheng, leader of the 'Green Gang'.
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