History UsefulNotes / Romania

7th May '18 8:06:00 PM nombretomado
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That said, they '''do''' have what [[TopGear some motoring enthusiasts]] have described as [[MemeticMutation the greatest driving-road]] and some of the fastest Internet speeds...

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That said, they '''do''' have what [[TopGear [[Series/TopGearUK some motoring enthusiasts]] have described as [[MemeticMutation the greatest driving-road]] and some of the fastest Internet speeds...
21st Apr '18 6:04:45 PM nombretomado
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All this ended after he came back from a tour of UsefulNotes/NorthKorea and UsefulNotes/{{China}} in 1971 and published the "July theses". From then on, he managed to be ''[[UpToEleven even worse]]'' than Dej, and is routinely credited for destroying the country thanks to his subsequent policies. In detail: He started a personality cult that was {{egregious}} even by Warsaw Pact standards. He presided over a policy of enforcing population growth (as in, five children per mother, abortion and contraception completely banned) that produced many unwanted children, who ended up in {{orphanage|OfFear}}s often described as "gulags for children". He destroyed a whole lot of old buildings in Bucharest (already battered by the 1977 earthquake) and other cities as part of a "systematization" policy which saw them replaced with depressing, Stalinist eyesore apartment blocks. And having already showed his complete incompetence at economic matters, ''then'' he decided to export ''everything'' to pay off Romania's foreign debts, leading to rationing, shortages, and starvation for the rest of the population. Unsurprisingly, even with the heavy-handed dictatorship and secret police, the terrible conditions caused revolts, in 1977 in the Jiu Valley and 1987 in Brașov.

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All this ended after he came back from a tour of UsefulNotes/NorthKorea and UsefulNotes/{{China}} in 1971 and published the "July theses". From then on, he managed to be ''[[UpToEleven even worse]]'' than Dej, and is routinely credited for destroying the country thanks to his subsequent policies. In detail: He started a personality cult that was {{egregious}} JustForFun/{{egregious}} even by Warsaw Pact standards. He presided over a policy of enforcing population growth (as in, five children per mother, abortion and contraception completely banned) that produced many unwanted children, who ended up in {{orphanage|OfFear}}s often described as "gulags for children". He destroyed a whole lot of old buildings in Bucharest (already battered by the 1977 earthquake) and other cities as part of a "systematization" policy which saw them replaced with depressing, Stalinist eyesore apartment blocks. And having already showed his complete incompetence at economic matters, ''then'' he decided to export ''everything'' to pay off Romania's foreign debts, leading to rationing, shortages, and starvation for the rest of the population. Unsurprisingly, even with the heavy-handed dictatorship and secret police, the terrible conditions caused revolts, in 1977 in the Jiu Valley and 1987 in Brașov.
13th Feb '18 2:48:00 AM Cryoclaste
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The Romanian version of the UsefulNotes/HoleInFlag revolutions was the only one that got seriously violent. Then again, the Ceaușescu regime was one of the most unpleasant in the WarsawPact -- a place where the locking of dissidents in [[BedlamHouse insane asylums]] was standard practice. While this makes Romania probably the worst of the post-Stalin Soviet Bloc countries, ironically Ceaușescu at first had gained some popularity in the West, on both the left and the right, for his independent foreign policy and challenging the authority of the Soviet Union. This, however, had more to do with him admiring himself more than the respective Soviet leaders than with being a good human.

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The Romanian version of the UsefulNotes/HoleInFlag revolutions was the only one that got seriously violent. Then again, the Ceaușescu regime was one of the most unpleasant in the WarsawPact UsefulNotes/WarsawPact -- a place where the locking of dissidents in [[BedlamHouse insane asylums]] was standard practice. While this makes Romania probably the worst of the post-Stalin Soviet Bloc countries, ironically Ceaușescu at first had gained some popularity in the West, on both the left and the right, for his independent foreign policy and challenging the authority of the Soviet Union. This, however, had more to do with him admiring himself more than the respective Soviet leaders than with being a good human.
30th Jan '18 4:52:51 PM nombretomado
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Transylvania, setting for "{{Dracula}}", is in Romania - now. It also initially belonged to Romania, before it was transferred to Hungary, then Romania claimed it again at the end of UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne, and it has always been an ethnically mixed country (there is a serious unresolved - on an international level - debate going on about that though, regarding who was there first - science has pretty much said it was likely Romanians, not that it matters anyhow): despite some 400 years of efforts from Hungarian, and later Austro-Hungarian authorities, [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement a good chunk of it has been]] settled down by Romanians at least since the Turkish Wars; despite some 50 years of best efforts from the Commies, the Hungarian "Szeklers" are still there; they currently form an ethnic majority in the counties of Covasna and Harghita (where they form 85% of the population) and are a significant presence in Mureș and other counties, causing some hand-wringing and MisplacedNationalism over minority rights (want to see an InternetBackdraft? Bring up the question of language rights). Traditionally, the south was inhabited by Germans who had come to the Mongol-ravaged land in the Middle Ages, but they mostly packed up and left after the war or were bought the privilege to leave - one of Ceaușescu's brilliant ideas was to sell off Germans and Jews to West Germany and Israel. There is a still a larger-than-average German minority, German in high-schools, and German names on some road signs. Creator/BramStoker's Dracula was a Szekler, but its inspiration, the "real" Dracula, ''was'' Romanian, although, ironically, not a Transylvanian at all: he was from Wallachia, the southern third of the country.

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Transylvania, setting for "{{Dracula}}", is in Romania - now. It also initially belonged to Romania, before it was transferred to Hungary, then Romania claimed it again at the end of UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne, and it has always been an ethnically mixed country (there is a serious unresolved - on an international level - debate going on about that though, regarding who was there first - science has pretty much said it was likely Romanians, not that it matters anyhow): despite some 400 years of efforts from Hungarian, and later Austro-Hungarian authorities, [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement a good chunk of it has been]] settled down by Romanians at least since the Turkish Wars; despite some 50 years of best efforts from the Commies, the Hungarian "Szeklers" are still there; they currently form an ethnic majority in the counties of Covasna and Harghita (where they form 85% of the population) and are a significant presence in Mureș and other counties, causing some hand-wringing and MisplacedNationalism UsefulNotes/MisplacedNationalism over minority rights (want to see an InternetBackdraft? Bring up the question of language rights). Traditionally, the south was inhabited by Germans who had come to the Mongol-ravaged land in the Middle Ages, but they mostly packed up and left after the war or were bought the privilege to leave - one of Ceaușescu's brilliant ideas was to sell off Germans and Jews to West Germany and Israel. There is a still a larger-than-average German minority, German in high-schools, and German names on some road signs. Creator/BramStoker's Dracula was a Szekler, but its inspiration, the "real" Dracula, ''was'' Romanian, although, ironically, not a Transylvanian at all: he was from Wallachia, the southern third of the country.
6th Jan '18 12:15:41 PM angie710
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* O-zone, a pop-band best known for their song, "Dragostea Din Tei," after an American vlogger named Gary Brolsma recorded a video of himself dancing and singing/lip-syncing along to the song in 2004.
26th Nov '17 2:39:51 PM nombretomado
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The Romanian version of the HoleInFlag revolutions was the only one that got seriously violent. Then again, the Ceaușescu regime was one of the most unpleasant in the WarsawPact -- a place where the locking of dissidents in [[BedlamHouse insane asylums]] was standard practice. While this makes Romania probably the worst of the post-Stalin Soviet Bloc countries, ironically Ceaușescu at first had gained some popularity in the West, on both the left and the right, for his independent foreign policy and challenging the authority of the Soviet Union. This, however, had more to do with him admiring himself more than the respective Soviet leaders than with being a good human.

to:

The Romanian version of the HoleInFlag UsefulNotes/HoleInFlag revolutions was the only one that got seriously violent. Then again, the Ceaușescu regime was one of the most unpleasant in the WarsawPact -- a place where the locking of dissidents in [[BedlamHouse insane asylums]] was standard practice. While this makes Romania probably the worst of the post-Stalin Soviet Bloc countries, ironically Ceaușescu at first had gained some popularity in the West, on both the left and the right, for his independent foreign policy and challenging the authority of the Soviet Union. This, however, had more to do with him admiring himself more than the respective Soviet leaders than with being a good human.
13th Oct '17 2:10:48 AM KYCubbie
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* Béla and Márta Károlyi – Husband-and-wife gymnastics coaches, also ethnic Hungarians born in Transylvania. Béla first achieved fame as Comăneci's coach; due to clashes with government officials, they fled to the US in 1981, later becoming American citizens. From then until Márta retired after the 2016 Olympics (Béla had retired 20 years earlier), just about every top female American gymnast had trained directly under them, or trained under one of their former proteges.

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* Béla and Márta Károlyi – Husband-and-wife gymnastics coaches, also ethnic Hungarians born in Transylvania. Béla first achieved fame as Comăneci's coach; due to clashes with government officials, they he and Márta fled to the US in 1981, later becoming American citizens. From then until Márta retired after the 2016 Olympics (Béla had retired 20 years earlier), just about every top female American gymnast had trained directly under them, or trained under one of their former proteges.
11th Oct '17 12:14:08 AM FireCrawler2002
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Romania ('''Romanian:''' ''România''), a member of UsefulNotes/TheEuropeanUnion, is a country of 20 million people and one of the only two Latin countries that are Orthodox Christian, the other one being its close relative UsefulNotes/{{Moldova}}.

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Romania ('''Romanian:''' ''România''), a member of UsefulNotes/TheEuropeanUnion, is a Eastern European country of 20 million people and one of the only two Latin countries that are Orthodox Christian, the other one being its close relative UsefulNotes/{{Moldova}}.
5th Oct '17 11:54:16 PM KYCubbie
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Added DiffLines:

* László Tőkés – Ethnically Hungarian Protestant pastor who helped to trigger the 1989 Revolution. Later went on to become a member of the European Parliament, though he represents Hungary instead of Romania (despite being a lifelong resident of Romania).
* Béla and Márta Károlyi – Husband-and-wife gymnastics coaches, also ethnic Hungarians born in Transylvania. Béla first achieved fame as Comăneci's coach; due to clashes with government officials, they fled to the US in 1981, later becoming American citizens. From then until Márta retired after the 2016 Olympics (Béla had retired 20 years earlier), just about every top female American gymnast had trained directly under them, or trained under one of their former proteges.
28th Aug '17 6:34:20 PM Imperator42
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* In the ''Webcomics/[[Girl Genius]]'' webcomic, the first chapters take place at Transylvanian Polygnostic University. In the novelizations, it is implied that main heroine Agatha Heterodyne speaks Romanian as her native tongue, along with about eight other languages.
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