History UsefulNotes / LatinLanguage

19th Jul '15 7:18:12 AM leraluna
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During the Renaissance and early modern period, Latin was used as the origin of a lot of scientific and legal jargon, and Classical Latin was celebrated and taught to those of power, intellect and money. Thus the association that SmartPeopleKnowLatin. This trend halted in the United States in the period following WorldWarTwo. Now, unfortunately, the language is in decline. In public schools, there are both increasingly fewer Latin teachers and ever fewer people who want to take Latin. And of those, the attrition rates are growing ever higher; a notable exception is Italy, where Latin is a compulsory subject in the vast majority of high schools (such as the Liceo Classico, Liceo Scientifico and Liceo Linguistico), and as a result many Italian students are familiar with the language. Elsewhere, Latin still survives in places that do classical education, like Saint John's College, as well as in established private schools for the gentry, which are the only places where Ancient Greek survives.

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During the Renaissance and early modern period, Latin was used as the origin of a lot of scientific and legal jargon, and Classical Latin was celebrated and taught to those of power, intellect and money. Thus the association that SmartPeopleKnowLatin. This trend halted in the United States in the period following WorldWarTwo. Now, unfortunately, the language is in decline. In public schools, there are both increasingly fewer Latin teachers and ever fewer people who want to take Latin. And of those, the attrition rates are growing ever higher; a notable exception is Italy, where Latin is a compulsory subject in the vast majority of high schools (such as the Liceo Classico, Liceo Scientifico and Liceo Linguistico), and as Linguistico). As a result many Italian students are familiar with the language.language, but even there Latin studies are increansingly neglected in favour of more practical subjects. Elsewhere, Latin still survives in places that do classical education, like Saint John's College, as well as in established private schools for the gentry, which are the only places where Ancient Greek survives.
29th May '15 6:11:08 AM demonfiren
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Added DiffLines:

21st Dec '14 10:41:32 AM BrendanDRizzo
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A popular ancient language considered dead because nobody is born with it it as a native language. Latin was the language of AncientRome, the Catholic Church, government, law, trade, taxonomy, [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking and]] Creator/JohnCleese. It was the source language for the entire Romance Language family, its children being Italian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Romanian, and around 25 rarer languages[[note]] including Aragonese, Aranese, Aromanian, Asturian, Catalan, Corsican, Friulian, Galician, Gallo, Genoese, Guernésiais, Jèrriais, Ladino, Ladin, Lombard, Mirandese, Moldovan, Occitan, Piedmontese, Romansh, Sardinian, Sicilian, Venetian, and Walloon[[/note]]. It also inserted its influence into many other languages, even those outside of its immediate family, most notably English (which is a West Germanic language, therefore closely related to Dutch and German), but acquired a dose of Latin thanks to the medieval conquest by the Normans who brought with them the Latin-influenced French, and this Latin influence to the English vocabulary has been augmented in extremis through the education and utility of Latin in the Renaissance and Enlightenment as the language of Science, Intellectualism, Law, ''et cetera''.

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A popular ancient language considered dead because nobody is born with it it as a native language. Latin was the language of AncientRome, the Catholic Church, government, law, trade, taxonomy, [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking and]] Creator/JohnCleese. It was the source language for the entire Romance Language family, its children being Italian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Romanian, and around 25 rarer languages[[note]] including Aragonese, Aranese, Aromanian, Asturian, Catalan, Corsican, Friulian, Galician, Gallo, Genoese, Guernésiais, Jèrriais, Ladino, Ladin, Lombard, Mirandese, Moldovan, Occitan, Piedmontese, Romansh, Sardinian, Sicilian, Venetian, and Walloon[[/note]]. It also inserted its influence into many other languages, even those outside of its immediate family, most notably English (which is a West Germanic language, therefore closely related to Dutch and German), but acquired a dose of Latin thanks to the medieval conquest by the Normans who brought with them the Latin-influenced French, and this Latin influence to the English vocabulary has been augmented ''[[SelfDemonstratingArticle in extremis extremis]]'' through the education and utility of Latin in the Renaissance and Enlightenment as the language of Science, Intellectualism, Law, ''et cetera''.
13th Jun '14 11:54:25 PM TriumphForks
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A popular ancient language considered dead because nobody is born with it it as a native language. Latin was the language of AncientRome, the Catholic Church, government, law, trade, taxonomy, [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking and]] Creator/JohnCleese. It was the source language for the entire Romance Language family, its children being Italian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Romanian. It also inserted its influence into many other languages, even those outside of its immediate family, most notably English (which is a West Germanic language, therefore closely related to Dutch and German), but acquired a dose of Latin thanks to the medieval conquest by the Normans who brought with them the Latin-influenced French, and this Latin influence to the English vocabulary has been augmented in extremis through the education and utility of Latin in the Renaissance and Enlightenment as the language of Science, Intellectualism, Law, ''et cetera''.

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A popular ancient language considered dead because nobody is born with it it as a native language. Latin was the language of AncientRome, the Catholic Church, government, law, trade, taxonomy, [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking and]] Creator/JohnCleese. It was the source language for the entire Romance Language family, its children being Italian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Romanian, and Romanian.around 25 rarer languages[[note]] including Aragonese, Aranese, Aromanian, Asturian, Catalan, Corsican, Friulian, Galician, Gallo, Genoese, Guernésiais, Jèrriais, Ladino, Ladin, Lombard, Mirandese, Moldovan, Occitan, Piedmontese, Romansh, Sardinian, Sicilian, Venetian, and Walloon[[/note]]. It also inserted its influence into many other languages, even those outside of its immediate family, most notably English (which is a West Germanic language, therefore closely related to Dutch and German), but acquired a dose of Latin thanks to the medieval conquest by the Normans who brought with them the Latin-influenced French, and this Latin influence to the English vocabulary has been augmented in extremis through the education and utility of Latin in the Renaissance and Enlightenment as the language of Science, Intellectualism, Law, ''et cetera''.
18th May '14 8:44:30 PM AnoBakaDesu
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29th Apr '14 1:57:29 PM thedragonchick
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->''"Grumio est in culina."''
-->--Famous adage from the [[CambridgeLatinCourse Cambridge Latin Course textbooks]]
20th Mar '14 7:10:14 AM Mhoram
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Latin has seven noun cases, and each one has its own version for singular and plural and for different declensions. The cases are nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, ablative, vocative, and locative. Nominative is easy enough, being for sentence subjects. Accusative is for direct objects and for SIDSPACE prepositions. Genitive is used for possessive. Dative means to or for something and works with indirect objects and with prepositions. Ablative is used generally to express motion away from something, and also mostly for dealing with a set of prepositions called SIDSPACE; without a preposition it generally means 'by', 'with', or 'from'. Vocative is for calling things by name. Locative is for referring to places without motion being implied. (The locative case is used for cities, towns, and small islands, and the words domus (home), humus (ground) and rus (countryside).)

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Latin has seven noun cases, and each one has its own version for singular and plural and for different declensions. The cases are nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, ablative, vocative, and locative. Nominative is easy enough, being for sentence subjects. Accusative is for direct objects and for SIDSPACE non-SIDSPACE prepositions. Genitive is used for possessive. Dative means to or for something and works with indirect objects and with prepositions. Ablative is used generally to express motion away from something, and also mostly for dealing with a set of prepositions called SIDSPACE; without a preposition it generally means 'by', 'with', or 'from'. Vocative is for calling things by name. Locative is for referring to places without motion being implied. (The locative case is used for cities, towns, and small islands, and the words domus (home), humus (ground) and rus (countryside).)



Most nouns have rather predictable gender. Most first declension nouns are feminine. Most second declension nouns are masculine. Third and fifth are a tossup with the latter leaning slightly more feminine and fourth declension being mostly masculine. Note that gender of Latin nouns often does make some sense in advance instead of being totally random. Also, as a hint, thanks to adjective noun agreement, all nouns and adjectives must match in gender, number, and case.

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Most Many nouns have rather predictable gender. Most first declension nouns are feminine. feminine, except those referring to (at the time) male occupations like farmer or sailor. Most second declension nouns are masculine. Third and fifth are a tossup with the latter leaning slightly more feminine and fourth masculine or neuter. The third declension being has a mix of all three genders, and is the hardest to predict. Some endings indicate a likely gender, but others must simply be memorized. Fourth declension nouns are mostly masculine with some neuter and a couple feminine. Fifth are mostly feminine with a couple masculine. Note that gender of Latin nouns often does make some sense in advance instead of being totally random. Also, as a hint, thanks to adjective noun agreement, all nouns and adjectives must match in gender, number, and case.
16th Mar '14 3:30:53 PM FelixGriffin
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Fifth declension is exclusively Feminine.

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Fifth declension is almost exclusively Feminine.
Feminine, although certain words like ''dies'' (day) can be used with any gender of adjective.
2nd Mar '14 3:28:07 AM SeptimusHeap
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Verb conjugation is absolutely everything when it comes to determining the meaning and target of a verb. Conjugation refers to the different endings that can be thrown onto verbs. They determine tense, number, person, voice, and mood. There are either 4 or 5 verb conjugations depending on whom you ask[[labelnote:Explanation]]In the past, and in the commonly-used EcceRomani instructional book series, there were 5 conjugations because there was both a regular Third Conjugation and a variant called Third -io. In most sources since then, this conjugation variant is assimilated into the Fourth Conjugation.[[/labelnote]]. There are then [[HowDoIUsedTense 6 tenses]], 2 numbers, 3 persons, 2 voices, and 2 moods. These do not stack together, so you have to learn use different variants for each different combination of tense, number, person, voice, and mood. For a typical verb, this is going to come out to a total of approximately 120 variants before parts, infinitives, absolutes, gerunds, and gerundives.

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Verb conjugation is absolutely everything when it comes to determining the meaning and target of a verb. Conjugation refers to the different endings that can be thrown onto verbs. They determine tense, number, person, voice, and mood. There are either 4 or 5 verb conjugations depending on whom you ask[[labelnote:Explanation]]In the past, and in the commonly-used EcceRomani Literature/EcceRomani instructional book series, there were 5 conjugations because there was both a regular Third Conjugation and a variant called Third -io. In most sources since then, this conjugation variant is assimilated into the Fourth Conjugation.[[/labelnote]]. There are then [[HowDoIUsedTense 6 tenses]], 2 numbers, 3 persons, 2 voices, and 2 moods. These do not stack together, so you have to learn use different variants for each different combination of tense, number, person, voice, and mood. For a typical verb, this is going to come out to a total of approximately 120 variants before parts, infinitives, absolutes, gerunds, and gerundives.
22nd Feb '14 2:38:53 AM FurryKef
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** pūnire (to punish)

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** pūnire pūnīre (to punish)
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