History UsefulNotes / HighFunctioningAutism

19th Jun '16 9:58:40 AM SeptimusHeap
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The cause of Autism is unknown, but several factors have been determined. Autism tends to run in families and affects males more often than females, so there is certainly a genetic factor. Risk of autism increases with the age of both parents, so in utero development and gamete degradation are known factors. Suspected but not confirmed factors include as yet undiscovered environmental factors. Factors that have been definitively ruled out as causes include vaccines, parenting styles, and parent personality.

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The cause underlying mechanism of Autism the observed symptoms of autism is unknown, but currently thought to be significant differences in the structure and function of the brain. These differences vary significantly among persons with autism, meaning each individual can present in very different ways. Brain development is possibly the most complicated part of human development, so a multi-hit hypothesis is most likely. That is, autism is due to the cumulative effect of several factors have been determined. Autism tends on an individual rather then a single controlling cause.

Several factors are known
to run in families increase risk of autism. Older age and affects males more often than females, so there is certainly a genetic factor. Risk obesity in either parent increases risk. A family history of autism increases with the age of both parents, so in utero development risk. Being male increases risk. Exposure to substances and gamete degradation situations that are known factors. Suspected but not confirmed to cause other developmental differences also increase the risk of autism. Auto-immune responses in mother and child increase risk.

Other
factors include as yet undiscovered environmental factors. Factors that have been definitively decisively ruled out as causes increasing risk. These include vaccines, vaccination, parenting styles, style, and parent personality.
personality. Exposure to heavy metals may increase risk, but this is considered a minor factor by scientists.
21st Oct '13 9:36:14 AM Fighteer
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Example: TK brushes against people when walking in public. TK is given training by holding his elbows out and walking through a room past his aide. If he is able to do so five times, he can move on to the next activity. The phrase "personal space" is used as a reminder when he goes into public.

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Example: TK brushes against people when walking in public. TK is given training by holding his her elbows out and walking through a room past his her aide. If he she is able to do so five times, he she can move on to the next activity. The phrase "personal space" is used as a reminder when he she goes into public.
11th Aug '13 7:50:42 PM Willbyr
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Autistic people often have an [[ViewerMyopia underdeveloped or absent "theory of mind"]]; that is, recognizing the desires and intentions of others. This further leads to a perceived lack of sympathy and empathy due to their difficulty in recognizing the feelings of others. Many also have difficulty recognize voice tone, facial expressions, or other social signals. Some people with autism also have difficulty with the abstract or imaginary, leading to difficulty in social interaction and play. Intervention focuses on recognizing social cues, emotions, and proper polite behavior.

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Autistic people often have an [[ViewerMyopia underdeveloped or absent "theory of mind"]]; mind"; that is, recognizing the desires and intentions of others. This further leads to a perceived lack of sympathy and empathy due to their difficulty in recognizing the feelings of others. Many also have difficulty recognize voice tone, facial expressions, or other social signals. Some people with autism also have difficulty with the abstract or imaginary, leading to difficulty in social interaction and play. Intervention focuses on recognizing social cues, emotions, and proper polite behavior.
2nd Aug '13 7:07:50 PM Willbyr
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Added DiffLines:

Often, the behaviours seen as problematic are attempts to cope with the aforementioned sensory processing issues. As a result, the following measures can often prevent many of the behavioral problems from even showing up in the first place:

* Sunglasses to ease the effects of lighting that's too bright.
* Noise-cancelling headphones, or failing that, earplugs, to block out the worst of loud ambient noise.
21st Jul '13 9:53:07 AM Willbyr
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Autism is also sometimes accompanied by sensory processing difficulties, which can lead to sensory overload if the source of over-stimulation isn't either switched off or removed from the environment (or the person if it's a tactile issue with clothing). Examples of sensory processing difficulties can include, but are not limited to:
* Certain colors, patterns, or speeds of flashing lights or colors can cause distress, similar to how some speeds of strobe-light can trigger seizures in epileptic people.
* Extremely severe panic attacks triggered by sudden, loud noises. This one is very commonplace among autistic individuals.
* Aversion to certain tactile stimuli, or textures. This can make certain clothing unbearably uncomfortable for an autistic person to wear, or make certain food unpalatable due to its texture, even if its flavor is agreeable.






An approach gaining traction is providing nonverbal autistic people with [=AAC=] (Augmentative and Assisted Communication) in the form of electronic speech synthesizers that use pictorial buttons to allow the patient to communicate in a way they find most usable.

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An approach gaining traction is providing nonverbal autistic people with [=AAC=] (Augmentative and Assisted Communication) in the form of electronic speech synthesizers that use pictorial buttons to allow the patient to communicate in a way they find most usable.usable.

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19th Jul '13 8:48:03 AM Artful
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This is closely tied to the neurodiversity movement, which takes the stance that rather than being a solely medical disease that needs to be "eliminated," autism is best understood as a combination of some differences in understanding and perception, some impairments, and some social barriers to achievement and acceptance. Neurodiversity started in the autistic community, but has since broadened to include a variety of neurological conditions. The movement itself is rooted in the social model of disability, which distinguishes between the actual impairments and limitations of a person's condition (e.g. a paraplegic who is unable to walk) and the social barriers that those people face (e.g. buildings with only stairs).


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This is closely tied to the neurodiversity movement, which takes the stance that rather than being a solely medical disease that needs to be "eliminated," "cured," autism is best understood as a combination of some differences in understanding and perception, some impairments, and some social barriers to achievement and acceptance. Neurodiversity started in the autistic community, but has since broadened to include a variety of neurological conditions. The movement itself is rooted in the social model of disability, which distinguishes between the actual impairments and limitations of a person's condition (e.g. a paraplegic who is unable to walk) and the social barriers that those people face (e.g. buildings with only stairs).

19th Jul '13 4:56:10 AM Terrie
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This is closely tied to the neurodiversity movement, which takes the stance that rather than being a solely medical disease that needs to be "eliminated," autism is best understood as a combination of some differences in understanding and perception, some disabilities, and some social barriers to achievement and acceptance.

to:

This is closely tied to the neurodiversity movement, which takes the stance that rather than being a solely medical disease that needs to be "eliminated," autism is best understood as a combination of some differences in understanding and perception, some disabilities, impairments, and some social barriers to achievement and acceptance.
acceptance. Neurodiversity started in the autistic community, but has since broadened to include a variety of neurological conditions. The movement itself is rooted in the social model of disability, which distinguishes between the actual impairments and limitations of a person's condition (e.g. a paraplegic who is unable to walk) and the social barriers that those people face (e.g. buildings with only stairs).

19th Jul '13 12:00:40 AM Nocturna
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Added DiffLines:

18th Jul '13 1:33:13 PM Terrie
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Added DiffLines:

Many autistic adults and self-advocacy groups have challenged the current status-quo of treatment for individuals with autism, on the grounds that treatment is too often based on making things easier for those who are not autistic, rather than helping autistic individuals maximize their potential. Examples include trying to eliminate "stimming" behavior and pushing verbal speech as a measure of success.
This is closely tied to the neurodiversity movement, which takes the stance that rather than being a solely medical disease that needs to be "eliminated," autism is best understood as a combination of some differences in understanding and perception, some disabilities, and some social barriers to achievement and acceptance.
18th Jul '13 1:07:29 PM MarkLungo
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One discredited form of treatment is aversion therapy, most commonly associated with electroshock or spanking. This kind of therapy has been repeatedly proven to be ineffective at controlling behavior and is rightly condemned as unethical. Aversion therapy should never be used for any condition; [[http://autisticadvocacy.org/2013/02/letter-to-food-and-drug-administration-on-the-judge-rotenberg-center/ sadly the practice does continue in some places.]]

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One discredited form of treatment is aversion therapy, most commonly associated with electroshock or spanking. This kind of therapy has been repeatedly proven to be ineffective at controlling behavior and is rightly condemned as unethical. Aversion therapy should never be used for any condition; [[http://autisticadvocacy.org/2013/02/letter-to-food-and-drug-administration-on-the-judge-rotenberg-center/ sadly sadly, the practice does continue in some places.]]
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