History UsefulNotes / Christianity

20th Mar '17 8:46:47 PM KYCubbie
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* In many cases, the independent "Christian Churches" that schismed off in the 20th Century are basically Baptists in practice, descended from Presbyterians (the Campbells were Scots-Irish), and refuse to use any sectarian name more specific than "Christian." (The term "Campbellite Baptist" was applied by outsiders, and is not used by the sect.) Quite a small sect, and of course they insist they're not a sect, they're just Christians. Very confusing, and then they start calling themselves Christian in contrast to other Christian sects, thus taking the name of a major world religion for their tiny schism of same.

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* ** In many cases, the independent "Christian Churches" that schismed off in the 20th Century are basically Baptists in practice, descended from Presbyterians (the Campbells were Scots-Irish), and refuse to use any sectarian name more specific than "Christian." (The term "Campbellite Baptist" was applied by outsiders, and is not used by the sect.) Quite a small sect, and of course they insist they're not a sect, they're just Christians. Very confusing, and then they start calling themselves Christian in contrast to other Christian sects, thus taking the name of a major world religion for their tiny schism of same.



* '''[[UsefulNotes/{{Gnosticism}} Gnosticism]]''' -- Non-"orthodox" sects which were active from approximately 100-400 AD. Orthodox Christian sects ended up disavowing them, which resulted in some rather interesting developments. Gnostic writers and their texts were far more common in the early centuries of the Church and have a very different flavor than the modern Bible. Today they are largely extinct, but a few holdouts still remain, especially with the discovery of the Nag Hammadi library in the 1940s.\\

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* '''[[UsefulNotes/{{Gnosticism}} Gnosticism]]''' '''UsefulNotes/{{Gnosticism}}''' -- Non-"orthodox" sects which were active from approximately 100-400 AD. Orthodox Christian sects ended up disavowing them, which resulted in some rather interesting developments. Gnostic writers and their texts were far more common in the early centuries of the Church and have a very different flavor than the modern Bible. Today they are largely extinct, but a few holdouts still remain, especially with the discovery of the Nag Hammadi library in the 1940s.\\



* '''Messianic Judaism''' -- A largely American and British phenomenon beginning in the late 19th century, Messianic Judaism attempts to reconcile the division between Christianity and Judaism by combining aspects of each. Messianic Jews tend to describe themselves as Jews who observe Jewish law and believe that Jesus is the messiah as described in the Hebrew Bible. Messianic Jews sometimes are stuck in a bit of a inter-religious limbo, many Jewish groups dispute their self-identification as Jews (the Law of Return in Israel, for one, considers them a separate religion); meanwhile, quite a few Christian groups dispute their self-identification as Christians, as many Messianic Jews follow the Jewish understanding of the Messiah and thereby denying the Trinity. The fact that Jews have a very different concept than Christians of what it even means to be the Messiah explains why most mainstream Jews consider Messianic Judaism to be a Christian rather than Jewish sect.

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* '''Messianic Judaism''' -- A largely American and British phenomenon beginning in the late 19th century, Messianic Judaism attempts to reconcile the division between Christianity and Judaism by combining aspects of each. Messianic Jews tend to describe themselves as Jews who observe Jewish law and believe that Jesus is the messiah as described in the Hebrew Bible. Messianic Jews sometimes are stuck in a bit of a inter-religious limbo, limbo: many Jewish groups dispute their self-identification as Jews (the Law of Return in Israel, for one, considers them a separate religion); meanwhile, quite a few Christian groups dispute their self-identification as Christians, as many Messianic Jews follow the Jewish understanding of the Messiah and thereby denying the Trinity. The fact that Jews have a very different concept than Christians of what it even means to be the Messiah explains why most mainstream Jews consider Messianic Judaism to be a Christian rather than Jewish sect.



They have very different ideas of what God is compared to mainstream Christianity, since LDS doctrine holds that there was a universal departure from what was taught in Christ's time, necessitating a restoration via Joseph Smith. The LDS church holds the view that there are living prophets on the Earth today relaying modern revelation, much of which is found in the book "Doctrine and Covenants". The canon of Scripture is: the Bible (in English-speaking countries, the King James version is official), the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and a smaller, more miscellaneous volume called "Pearl of Great Price". The LDS view of the afterlife includes three possible levels that can be fairly described as "heaven" (and one level called "outer darkness", reserved for the most evil). Mormons believe if they do good works and live faithful lives now, they can be Gods in the afterlife and rule over their own planets. This is not to say that they believe they can "earn" this on their own merits. They don't, but regard the Atonement made by Christ as essential to any of this and that even after becoming like gods they are still under the rule of God. (The fact that the word "god" has multiple meanings makes the topic somewhat confusing to talk about.)\\

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They have very different ideas of what God is compared to mainstream Christianity, since LDS doctrine holds that there was a universal departure from what was taught in Christ's time, necessitating a restoration via Joseph Smith. The LDS church holds the view that there are living prophets on the Earth today relaying modern revelation, much of which is found in the book "Doctrine ''Doctrine and Covenants". Covenants''. The canon of Scripture is: the Bible (in English-speaking countries, the King James version is official), the Book ''Book of Mormon, Mormon'', the Doctrine ''Doctrine and Covenants, Covenants'', and a smaller, more miscellaneous volume called "Pearl ''Pearl of Great Price".Price''. The LDS view of the afterlife includes three possible levels that can be fairly described as "heaven" (and one level called "outer darkness", reserved for the most evil). Mormons believe if they do good works and live faithful lives now, they can be Gods in the afterlife and rule over their own planets. This is not to say that they believe they can "earn" this on their own merits. They don't, but regard the Atonement made by Christ as essential to any of this and that even after becoming like gods they are still under the rule of God. (The fact that the word "god" has multiple meanings makes the topic somewhat confusing to talk about.)\\
15th Mar '17 6:43:16 PM DustSnitch
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* GodInHumanForm: According to pretty much all Christian beliefs, this is {{Jesus}}' identity but it's complicated; fully human and fully divine at the same time.

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* GodInHumanForm: According to pretty much all Christian beliefs, this is {{Jesus}}' UsefulNotes/{{Jesus}}' identity but it's complicated; fully human and fully divine at the same time.



* JesusTaboo: [[RunningGag Obviously]]. Although it would be pretty hard to discuss Christianity without ever mentioning {{Jesus}}, you will sometimes find his name avoided out of reverence, such as calling him "Our Lord."

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* JesusTaboo: [[RunningGag Obviously]]. Although it would be pretty hard to discuss Christianity without ever mentioning {{Jesus}}, UsefulNotes/{{Jesus}}, you will sometimes find his name avoided out of reverence, such as calling him "Our Lord."
14th Mar '17 10:25:46 PM DustSnitch
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Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion that originated in what is now UsefulNotes/{{Israel}} in the 1st century A.D. as an offshoot of UsefulNotes/{{Judaism}}. It is based on the teachings of [[{{Jesus}} Jesus of Nazareth]], a rabbi and preacher whose followers identified Him as the ''Messiah'' promised in the Old Testament, and who was executed by Roman and Judean authorities for supposedly presenting Himself as such. Originally one of several reformist sects of Judaism at the time, the movement of Jesus' followers opened its doors to non-Jews some time in the first hundred years after Jesus' death and gradually became a religion separate from if still linked to Judaism: Christianity. Christianity spread throughout UsefulNotes/{{the Roman Empire}}, despite systematic persecution of Christians, and in the 4th century became the official religion of the Empire, and thereafter the dominant religion throughout Europe and the western world.

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Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion that originated in what is now UsefulNotes/{{Israel}} in the 1st century A.D. as an offshoot of UsefulNotes/{{Judaism}}. It is based on the teachings of [[{{Jesus}} [[UsefulNotes/{{Jesus}} Jesus of Nazareth]], a rabbi and preacher whose followers identified Him as the ''Messiah'' promised in the Old Testament, and who was executed by Roman and Judean authorities for supposedly presenting Himself as such. Originally one of several reformist sects of Judaism at the time, the movement of Jesus' followers opened its doors to non-Jews some time in the first hundred years after Jesus' death and gradually became a religion separate from if still linked to Judaism: Christianity. Christianity spread throughout UsefulNotes/{{the Roman Empire}}, despite systematic persecution of Christians, and in the 4th century became the official religion of the Empire, and thereafter the dominant religion throughout Europe and the western world.
13th Mar '17 6:55:00 AM SSJMagus
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Also known for putting the Messianic in MessianicArchetype, though the trope itself is [[OlderThanTheyThink older than many of us think]]. The Messiah, just to let you know, is actually a Jewish Trope (and Judaism the TropeNamer). Mashiah actually means Anointed One, and refers to the King of Israel, born of David's line, who will usher in a new era of peace and restoration of the Davidic/Solomonic kingdom (the Golden Age, so to speak). Christians just happen to believe Jesus is that Messiah, whereas non-Christian Jews (obviously) don't.

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Also known for putting the Messianic in MessianicArchetype, though the trope itself is [[OlderThanTheyThink older than many of us think]]. The Messiah, just to let you know, is actually a Jewish Trope (and Judaism the TropeNamer). Mashiah actually means Anointed One, and refers to the King of Israel, born of David's line, who will usher in a new era of peace and restoration of the Davidic/Solomonic kingdom (the Golden Age, so to speak). Christians just happen to believe Jesus is that Messiah, whereas non-Christian Jews (obviously) don't.
don't. Jews also do not believe that the Messiah's role involves any saving of souls, while Christians believe that to be the entire purpose of of the Messiah.
25th Feb '17 9:40:48 PM DustSnitch
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25th Feb '17 9:40:16 PM DustSnitch
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Added DiffLines:

[[#Adventist]]
22nd Feb '17 1:44:54 PM LordGro
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Literature/TheBible, the text upon which Christianity is based, is considered the ''bedrock'' of Western literature so reading it and having a good understanding of Christianity is essential to understanding the Western canon. Christianity has had a huge impact on world history and Judeo-Christian faith later inspired a new religion known as Islam founded by Muhammad. The Christian world in the Middle East fell to Islamic rule and the presence of Christianity there had greatly diminished even though it had been there the longest. The continued dominance of Christianity in Europe while other areas were [[JoinOrDie forced to convert]] is why people view Christianity as a "Western religion" [[{{Irony}} despite its Eastern roots]]. While Christianity shares many of the same principles with Judaism and Islam, it is also very different because of influence from the Roman empire:

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Literature/TheBible, the holy text upon which Christianity is based, of Christianity, is considered the ''bedrock'' of Western literature so reading it and having a good understanding of Christianity is essential to understanding the Western canon. Christianity has had a huge impact on world history and Judeo-Christian faith later inspired a new religion known as Islam founded by Muhammad. The Christian world in the Middle East fell to Islamic rule and the presence of Christianity there had greatly diminished even though it had been there the longest. The continued dominance of Christianity in Europe while other areas were [[JoinOrDie forced to convert]] is why people view Christianity as a "Western religion" [[{{Irony}} despite its Eastern roots]]. While Christianity shares many of the same principles with Judaism and Islam, it is also very different because of influence from the Roman empire:
21st Feb '17 10:21:42 PM DustSnitch
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Literature/TheBible is considered the ''bedrock'' of Western literature so reading it and having a good understanding of Christianity is essential to understanding the Western canon. Christianity has had a huge impact on world history and Judeo-Christian faith later inspired a new religion known as Islam founded by Muhammad. The Christian world in the Middle East fell to Islamic rule and the presence of Christianity there had greatly diminished even though it had been there the longest. The continued dominance of Christianity in Europe while other areas were [[JoinOrDie forced to convert]] is why people view Christianity as a "Western religion" [[{{Irony}} despite its Eastern roots]]. While Christianity shares many of the same principles with Judaism and Islam, it is also very different because of influence from the Roman empire:

to:

Literature/TheBible Literature/TheBible, the text upon which Christianity is based, is considered the ''bedrock'' of Western literature so reading it and having a good understanding of Christianity is essential to understanding the Western canon. Christianity has had a huge impact on world history and Judeo-Christian faith later inspired a new religion known as Islam founded by Muhammad. The Christian world in the Middle East fell to Islamic rule and the presence of Christianity there had greatly diminished even though it had been there the longest. The continued dominance of Christianity in Europe while other areas were [[JoinOrDie forced to convert]] is why people view Christianity as a "Western religion" [[{{Irony}} despite its Eastern roots]]. While Christianity shares many of the same principles with Judaism and Islam, it is also very different because of influence from the Roman empire:




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* '''UsefulNotes/AmericanChurches''': This is just a list of all the different churches active in the United States.




* UsefulNotes/AmericanChurches: The different types of churches and denominations in the USA.
* Literature/TheBible: A large collection of books espousing both Jewish and Christian teachings.



* ChristianityIsCatholic: Because Catholisim is one of the bigger sects and one of the oldest, some people everyone is like that.

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* ChristianityIsCatholic: Because Catholisim Catholicism is one of the bigger sects and one of the oldest, some people everyone is like that.



* DeaderThanDead: Kinda sorta what the [[http://www.theopedia.com/annihilationism Annihilationists]] think {{Hell}} actually [[http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/TheNothingAfterDeath amounts to]]: 'For the wages of sin is death'.



* [[DevilsAdvocate Devil's Advocate]]: The Devil's Advocate (''advocatus diaboli'') is the popular name for the Promoter of the Faith (''promotor fidei''), a person appointed by the Catholic Church who argues against the formal recognition of someone as a Saint by, again, the Catholic Church. The job has been taken up on at least one occasion (Mother Theresa) by an outright atheist (Christopher Hitchens).
* EvilCounterpart: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unholy_Trinity_(Christianity) According to]] TheOtherWiki, at least, some Christians believe in an evil counterpart to the Holy Trinity called the Unholy Trinity, consisting of Satan (evil counterpart to God), The Anti-Christ (evil counterpart to Jesus) and the False Prophet (evil counterpart to The Holy Spirit)

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* [[DevilsAdvocate Devil's Advocate]]: DevilsAdvocate: The Devil's Advocate (''advocatus diaboli'') is the popular name for the Promoter of the Faith (''promotor fidei''), a person appointed by the Catholic Church who argues against the formal recognition of someone as a Saint by, again, the Catholic Church. The job has been taken up on at least one occasion (Mother Theresa) by an outright atheist (Christopher Hitchens).
* EvilCounterpart: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unholy_Trinity_(Christianity) According to]] TheOtherWiki, at least, some Christians believe in an evil counterpart to the Holy Trinity called the Unholy Trinity, consisting of Satan (evil counterpart to God), The Anti-Christ (evil counterpart to Jesus) and the False Prophet (evil counterpart to The Holy Spirit)
Hitchens).



* SevenDeadlySins and SevenHeavenlyVirtues: Associated with The Church's doctrine.

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* SevenDeadlySins and SevenHeavenlyVirtues: Associated with The Church's doctrine.Deadly Sins as we know them were compiled by Pope Gregory I as a condensed version of an older version of such a list. His Holiness's list became entrenched in Christian faith and culture, and eventually led to a GoodCounterpart of sorts in the SevenHeavenlyVirtues, conceived by the poet Prudentius in the fifth century and popularized in the Middle Ages.
10th Feb '17 3:20:55 PM Narsil
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* Sex: Is it better to be celibate, married, or just fool around? Is it OK to have sex with someone you love and are in a long-term relationship with (and maybe eventually will marry), but are not legally married to, or do you have to have a wedding ceremony first?
* When can someone get a divorce? Is divorce even ''real'', or is it just a legal term instead of a spiritual reality? Can someone remarry after a divorce, or must they remain celibate?

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* Sex: Is it better to be celibate, married, or just fool around? Is it OK to have sex with someone you love and are in a long-term relationship with (and maybe eventually will marry), but are not legally married to, or do you have to have a wedding ceremony first?
first? And as per above: If marriage is required, can people of the same sex marry each other?
* When can someone get a divorce? Is divorce even ''real'', or is it just a legal term instead of a spiritual reality? Can someone remarry after a divorce, or must they remain celibate? celibate?
10th Feb '17 3:11:17 PM Narsil
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* CreepyCoolCrosses: Obviously considering what happened to the Founder.

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* CreepyCoolCrosses: Obviously considering what happened to the Founder. Traditional Christianity uses a wide range of crosses, with subtly different meanings. For example, St. Peter's symbol is an upside-down cross[[note]]according to tradition, Peter was sentenced to be crucified, but considered himself unworthy to die the same way Jesus did--so he asked the Romans to nail him upside down[[/note]], which confuses some people who assume an upside-down Cross must be anti-Christian (many Satanists use it as a symbol).
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