History Main / RomanaClef

8th Aug '17 8:39:45 PM PaulA
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* The vast majority of Jack Kerouac's novels are simply retellings of things that happened to him and the other Beat writers, with the names changed (and some parts taken out, as the first draft of ''On The Road'' reveals). ''On The Road'' and ''Visions of Cody'' focus on his best friend Neal Cassady, ''The Dharma Bums'' is about his adventures with Gary Snyder, ''And The Hippos Were Boiled In Their Tanks'' (written with William S. Burroughs) was about a mutual friend who murdered a lover, and so forth. It became so well-known that the publisher insisted he use different character names in each book to prevent legal trouble for anyone involved, but [[http://www.everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1385865 they can still be decoded easily]].

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* The vast majority of Jack Kerouac's Creator/JackKerouac's novels are simply retellings of things that happened to him and the other Beat writers, with the names changed (and some parts taken out, as the first draft of ''On The Road'' ''Literature/OnTheRoad'' reveals). ''On The Road'' and ''Visions of Cody'' focus on his best friend Neal Cassady, ''The Dharma Bums'' is about his adventures with Gary Snyder, ''And The Hippos Were Boiled In Their Tanks'' (written with William S. Burroughs) Creator/WilliamSBurroughs) was about a mutual friend who murdered a lover, and so forth. It became so well-known that the publisher insisted he use different character names in each book to prevent legal trouble for anyone involved, but [[http://www.everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1385865 they can still be decoded easily]].
8th Jul '17 9:45:21 AM nombretomado
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The name is pronounced "Ro-''mahn'' ah ''cleff''." It's French for, roughly, "novel with a key" (read: decoder ring). As seen [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_a_clef here]] on TheOtherWiki, sometimes the key to who the names were supposed to be would be published and in circulation. It has nothing at all to do with [[IncrediblyLamePun unusual Italian musical notation]] or [[Wiki/SCPFoundation Dr. Alto Clef]].

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The name is pronounced "Ro-''mahn'' ah ''cleff''." It's French for, roughly, "novel with a key" (read: decoder ring). As seen [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_a_clef here]] on TheOtherWiki, Wiki/TheOtherWiki, sometimes the key to who the names were supposed to be would be published and in circulation. It has nothing at all to do with [[IncrediblyLamePun unusual Italian musical notation]] or [[Wiki/SCPFoundation Dr. Alto Clef]].



* Creator/BertoltBrecht's ''Theatre/TheResistibleRiseOfArturoUi'' tells of the rise to power of UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler up to the Night of the Long Knives, but tells it through the setting of a MobWar in 1930s [[{{gangsterland}} Chicago]]. Quoting from TheOtherWiki: "All the characters and groups in the play had direct counterparts in real life, with Ui representing Hitler, his henchman Ernesto Roma representing Ernst Röhm, Dogsborough representing Paul von Hindenburg (a pun on the German Hund and Burg), Emanuele Giri representing Göring, the Cauliflower Trust representing the Prussian Junkers, the fate of the town of Cicero standing for the Anschluss in Austria and so on."

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* Creator/BertoltBrecht's ''Theatre/TheResistibleRiseOfArturoUi'' tells of the rise to power of UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler up to the Night of the Long Knives, but tells it through the setting of a MobWar in 1930s [[{{gangsterland}} Chicago]]. Quoting from TheOtherWiki: Wiki/TheOtherWiki: "All the characters and groups in the play had direct counterparts in real life, with Ui representing Hitler, his henchman Ernesto Roma representing Ernst Röhm, Dogsborough representing Paul von Hindenburg (a pun on the German Hund and Burg), Emanuele Giri representing Göring, the Cauliflower Trust representing the Prussian Junkers, the fate of the town of Cicero standing for the Anschluss in Austria and so on."
17th Jun '17 2:34:24 AM Alvin
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** Also, in the Literature/NeroWolfe short story ''See No Evil/The Squirt and the Monkey'' Wolfe 'decodes' a comic strip for a clue to a murder.
19th May '17 6:08:47 AM DoctorNemesis
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* Not an example itself, but the Literature/NeroWolfe novel ''Murder By The Book'' revolves the murder of a man who wrote a ''Roman a Clef'' about unscrupulous goings on around the law firm in which he worked, with the book containing various clues about various unethical things that several people who worked there would rather were kept secret...
10th May '17 1:42:30 PM Kafkesque
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* An InUniverse example is a RunningGag in ''Film/TheDarjeelingLimited''; Jack's family have all read his novel and talk as if it's obvious that it's about them. Jack's automatic response is always "[[BlatantLies The characters are all fictional.]]"
20th Apr '17 1:00:03 PM Prfnoff
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* HHHH (Himmlers Hirn heisst Heydrich) is this in spades, and the novelist Laurent Binet does interrupt the novel in between for a small paragraph where he states he is not sure how ''exactly'' things went he's just trying to paint a pretty picture of how it could've gone. He doesn't know ''what'' train someone took or if anybody else was in the coupé, but he ''does'' know he took a train. Several [[UrbanLegend Urban Legends]] are [[InvokedTrope invoked]] when he literally states he's using something based on Word of Mouth.

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* HHHH ''Literature/{{HHHH}}'' (Himmlers Hirn heisst Heydrich) is this in spades, and the novelist Laurent Binet does interrupt the novel in between for a small paragraph where he states he is not sure how ''exactly'' things went he's just trying to paint a pretty picture of how it could've gone. He doesn't know ''what'' train someone took or if anybody else was in the coupé, but he ''does'' know he took a train. Several [[UrbanLegend Urban Legends]] are [[InvokedTrope invoked]] when he literally states he's using something based on Word of Mouth.
6th Apr '17 8:05:20 AM eroock
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->''The story you are about to hear is true. Only the names have been changed, to protect the innocent.''
-->--''Franchise/{{Dragnet}}''

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->''The ->''"The story you are about to hear is true. Only the names have been changed, to protect the innocent.''
-->--''Franchise/{{Dragnet}}''
"''
-->-- ''Franchise/{{Dragnet}}''
19th Dec '16 10:05:08 AM JulianLapostat
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Compare VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory, {{Biopic}}, {{Docudrama}}, AnonymousRinger, HistoricalDomainCharacter.

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Compare VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory, {{Biopic}}, {{Docudrama}}, AnonymousRinger, HistoricalDomainCharacter.
HistoricalDomainCharacter. For an inversion, see BiographyAClef, where CaptainErsatz of fictional characters and events are retrofitted to tell the life of the artist and creator.
9th Nov '16 4:32:55 AM KYCubbie
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* ''Series/{{Entourage}}'' is based on Mark Wahlberg's metoric rise to fame and notoriety.
* ''Literature/GenerationKill'' uses this on occasion; while most of the protagonist Marines are known by their actual names, a couple of the [[TheNeidermeyer less-competent officers]] are referred to only by their nicknames. Captain America, Kasey Kasem, and Encino Man are probably the best examples (they were never named in the original book either, in a specific attempt by the author to avoid having them be targets later).

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* ''Series/{{Entourage}}'' is based on Mark Wahlberg's metoric meteoric rise to fame and notoriety.
* ''Literature/GenerationKill'' uses this on occasion; while most of the protagonist Marines are known by their actual names, a couple of the [[TheNeidermeyer less-competent officers]] are referred to only by their nicknames. Captain America, Kasey Casey Kasem, and Encino Man are probably the best examples (they were never named in the original book either, in a specific attempt by the author to avoid having them be targets later).
9th Nov '16 4:32:01 AM KYCubbie
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* ''Series/{{Entourage}}'' is based on Mark Walberg's metoric rise to fame and notoriety.

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* ''Series/{{Entourage}}'' is based on Mark Walberg's Wahlberg's metoric rise to fame and notoriety.
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