History Main / CultOfPersonality

23rd Dec '16 9:04:01 PM ADrago
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** The revolutionary regime promoted the Pantheon, which was an attempt to make a cult of several intellectual figures like Creator/{{Voltaire}} and Creator/JeanJacquesRousseau. When Mirabeau, the great statesman and leader of the early years of the Revolution died, he was interred into the Pantheon. Then it was revealed that he had secretly corresponded with the King and indulged in corruption and this tarnished his reputation and eventually they disinterred his body and threw him out of the Pantheon and even years later despite being rehabilitated, his remains are LostForever.

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** The revolutionary regime promoted the Pantheon, which was an attempt to make a cult of several intellectual figures like Creator/{{Voltaire}} and Creator/JeanJacquesRousseau. When Mirabeau, the great statesman and leader of the early years of the Revolution died, he was interred into the Pantheon. Then it was revealed that he had secretly corresponded with the King and indulged in corruption and this tarnished his reputation and eventually they disinterred his body and threw him out of the Pantheon and even years later despite being rehabilitated, his remains are LostForever.lost.
28th Aug '16 11:19:21 AM Mr.Bubbles
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* Boarderlands2: Handsome Jack is the Joker CEO version of Comstock; the only thing he does more thoroughly than inflicting pain on the "bandit" citizens of Pandora is plaster his masked face persona across everything Hyperion. ''EVERYTHING''.

to:

* Boarderlands2: Borderlands2: Handsome Jack is the Joker CEO version of Comstock; the only thing he does more thoroughly than inflicting pain on the "bandit" citizens of Pandora is plaster his masked face persona across everything Hyperion. ''EVERYTHING''.
26th Aug '16 11:13:44 PM JulianLapostat
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* No pre-20th Century dictator took as much of an active interest in building and promoting a Cult than UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte. From very early in his career as Revolutionary General, Bonaparte used his considerable skills as a writer and published regular bulletins to his army building a particular style of address and relationship with his soldier. He also befriended Creator/JacquesLouisDavid the famous Revolutionary painter who had fallen into political disrepute over his association with UsefulNotes/MaximilienRobespierre to paint several portraits of him, many of which became iconic and were widely distributed across Europe. As dictator, he had near total control over the press and his propagandists greatly enhanced and added to his already considerable military prowess by inventing whole battles, while sliding over some of his mistakes and near misses. He continued to build his cult even after his defeat at Waterloo, where he dictated memoirs in Saint Helena to an admirer that self-consciously painted him as a reflective tragic figure.

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* No pre-20th Century dictator took as much of an active interest in building and promoting a Cult than UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte. From very early in his career as Revolutionary General, Bonaparte used his considerable skills as a writer and published regular bulletins to his army building a particular style of address and relationship with his soldier. He also befriended Creator/JacquesLouisDavid the famous Revolutionary painter who had fallen into political disrepute over his association with UsefulNotes/MaximilienRobespierre to paint several portraits of him, many of which became iconic and were widely distributed across Europe. As dictator, he had near total control over the press and his propagandists greatly enhanced and added to his already considerable military prowess by inventing whole battles, while sliding over some of his mistakes and near misses. He continued to build his cult even after his defeat at Waterloo, where he dictated memoirs in Saint Helena to an admirer that self-consciously painted him as a reflective tragic figure.figure, courting himself a lot of sympathy in the process.
* During UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution, the government often tried to promote a series of new cults of personalities to create new symbols of legitimacy but kept failing:
** The revolutionary regime promoted the Pantheon, which was an attempt to make a cult of several intellectual figures like Creator/{{Voltaire}} and Creator/JeanJacquesRousseau. When Mirabeau, the great statesman and leader of the early years of the Revolution died, he was interred into the Pantheon. Then it was revealed that he had secretly corresponded with the King and indulged in corruption and this tarnished his reputation and eventually they disinterred his body and threw him out of the Pantheon and even years later despite being rehabilitated, his remains are LostForever.
** Jean-Paul Marat was the most vocal and controversial political pamphleteer of the Revolution, and the voice of the militant radical Paris. When he was assassinated, the Jacobin Club (which was formerly quite critical of Marat and tried to keep him at arm's length) promoted a cult of personality around him, with busts of Marat taking the place of Jesus Christ in many churches across France, street names and ships renamed after him, and a famous painting by revolutionary propagandist Creator/JacquesLouisDavid that was widely printed across France. When Mirabeau was chucked out of the Pantheon, Marat was interred in his place, but a few months later, the new regime phased out the Marat cult and kicked Marat out of the Pantheon as well.
** Robespierre, ironically enough, was quite critical of cults of personality and personally effected a highly self-conscious modesty that avoided excessive flattery and personal displays. When he did promote cults, he ensured that they revolved around values rather than people and featured common people (such as the runaway ChildSoldier Viola and Bara, who were included in "Le chant du depart"). He also promoted the Deist-Nationalist Festival of the Supreme Being, the biggest and most widely attended revolutionary festival, that he personally presided leading many around him to suspect he was installing a cult around himself, leading to his downfall.
26th Aug '16 9:46:59 PM JulianLapostat
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* No pre-20th Century dictator took as much of an active interest in building and promoting a Cult than UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte. From very early in his career as Revolutionary General, Bonaparte used his considerable skills as a writer and published regular bulletins to his army building a particular style of address and relationship with his soldier. He also befriended Creator/JacquesLouisDavid the famous Revolutionary painter who had fallen into political disrepute over his association with UsefulNotes/MaximilienRobespierre to paint several portraits of him, many of which became iconic and were widely distributed across Europe. As dictator, he had near total control over the press and his propagandists greatly enhanced and added to his already considerable military prowess by inventing whole battles, while sliding over some of his mistakes and near misses. He continued to build his cult even after his defeat at Waterloo, where he dictated memoirs in Saint Helena to an admirer that self-consciously painted him as a reflective tragic figure.


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** In general the American presidential campaign, especially over the last fifty years involves promoting a cult of personality around a particular candidate, a cult that endures in cultural memory even after candidacy, years in office and oblivion in the form of ads, memes and catch-phrases. UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy is a well known example, but UsefulNotes/RonaldReagan, UsefulNotes/BillClinton and UsefulNotes/BarackObama are not far behind in terms of promoting a campaign that revolved around images, posters, logos and appeals to personality and image to get people to vote for them.
26th Aug '16 9:31:03 PM JulianLapostat
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Cults as frequently represented in fiction are self-created but in practise, cults can also be developed indepently of the subject's active will and desire. After a person's death, the new cult is hijacked by parties or other factions so as to claim a certain tradition, which otherwise does not really exist in the present for them to claim, and so give their new and fresh ideas an aura of legitimacy and continuity in the eyes of the people, who otherwise would see the new team as merely a political outsider and new upstart. Cults often derive from new regimes and revolutions. It is also present in TheKingdom and TheEmpire where a new regime, if he is an UnexpectedSuccessor, TheConqueror, TheUsurper, or *gasp* a woman, would need to go out of their way to make their ideas presentable and acceptable to the people with memories of the GoodOldDays before this upstart with their fancy new ways arrived. In this manner, a cult of personality is merely a highly cunning PR stunt.

The word "cult" is usually used to refer to a small religious group, but it can also mean "devotion to a saint" in Christianity and this is where the phrase come from. It was first used in a political sense by Creator/KarlMarx, but was popularised by UsefulNotes/NikitaKhrushchev when he denounced Stalin in 1956. It is also distinct from state sponsored cults and government enforced religious policies and reforms. A CultOfPersonality is distinctly political in character and is usually identified as a common feature of dictatorships such as UsefulNotes/NaziGermany, UsefulNotes/NorthKorea, [[RedChina Peoples Republic of China]] and [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Stalinist Russia]].

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Cults as frequently represented in fiction are self-created but in practise, cults can also be developed indepently independently of the subject's active will and desire. After a person's death, the new cult is hijacked by parties or other factions so as to claim a certain tradition, which otherwise does not really exist in the present for them to claim, and so give their new and fresh ideas an aura of legitimacy and continuity in the eyes of the people, who otherwise would see the new team as merely a political outsider and new upstart. Cults often derive from new regimes and revolutions. It is also present in TheKingdom and TheEmpire where a new regime, if he is an UnexpectedSuccessor, TheConqueror, TheUsurper, or *gasp* a woman, would need to go out of their way to make their ideas presentable and acceptable to the people with memories of the GoodOldDays before this upstart with their fancy new ways arrived. In this manner, a cult of personality is merely a highly cunning PR stunt.

The word "cult" is usually used to refer to a small religious group, but it can also mean "devotion to a saint" in Christianity and this is where the phrase come from. It was first used in a political sense by Creator/KarlMarx, but was popularised by UsefulNotes/NikitaKhrushchev when he denounced Stalin in 1956. It is also distinct from state sponsored cults and government enforced religious policies and reforms. A CultOfPersonality is distinctly political in character and is usually identified as a common feature of 20th Century dictatorships such as UsefulNotes/NaziGermany, UsefulNotes/NorthKorea, [[RedChina Peoples Republic of China]] and [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Stalinist Russia]].



** Subverted in that [[UsefulNotes/VladimirLenin Lenin]] did not like icons. His wife would say after his death that "All his life, Vladimir fought against icons and now he's become an icon himself". Then there's {{Stalin}}, who created the cult of personality to Lenin and made one for him as well. Ships, [[{{Egopolis}} cities]], buildings, and a prize (the Order of Stalin, which was later renamed Order of Lenin) were named after him. After his death, Nikita Kruschev made a process to de-stalinize the Soviet Union, so statues and cities were destroyed and renamed and only the cult of Lenin survived.
* Unsurprisingly, [[UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler Hitler]] made one for him. Squares, ships and the like would be named after him.

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** Subverted in that [[UsefulNotes/VladimirLenin Lenin]] Initially, Lenin and the Bolsheviks did not like icons. His wife would say want to build such a cult, and Lenin repeatedly insisted that he be buried in Petrograd (ci-devant Saint Petersburg) without fuss, and the party initially wanted to honor his wishes. However when they kept his body for public display, there was a huge mass of people coming from the countryside to pay a visit, and the Bolsheviks hesitantly started constructing a makeshift mausoleum of wood before finally building a permanent structure in Russian Constructivism style (albeit one modeled on Egyptian and Babylonian tombs). Contrary to general belief, Stalin wasn't involved in the counsel which was overseen by the very powerful head of Cheka Felix Dzherzinsky, which finally decided to mummify Lenin and put him on display. The cult of Lenin which came after his death led to the renaming of Petrograd into Leningrad (which lasted till the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar). Later observers noted, that "All his life, Vladimir fought against icons this cult was rooted in Russia's traditions of venerating Orthodox saints, who were often put on display and now he's become an icon himself". Then there's {{Stalin}}, who indeed internally many Communists opposed it on these same grounds.
** Stalin's Cult was more deliberately
created the cult of personality to Lenin and made one for him as well.something which Stalin took great interest in promoting and preserving. Ships, [[{{Egopolis}} cities]], buildings, and a prize (the Order of Stalin, which was later renamed Order of Lenin) were named after him. After his death, Nikita Kruschev Khruschev made a process to de-stalinize the Soviet Union, so statues and cities were destroyed and renamed and only the cult of Lenin survived.
survived. Stalin privately expressed irritation with his own cult, and as per a well known anecdote, mocked it in an exchange with his son:
--> '''Stalin's Son''': But I am a Stalin too.\\
'''Josef Stalin''': No you're not. You're not Stalin and I'm not Stalin. (Indicates Portrait of himself) That is Stalin. Stalin is Soviet power. Stalin is what he is in the newspapers and portraits, not you, no, not even me.
* Unsurprisingly, [[UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler Hitler]] made one for him. Squares, ships and the like would be named after him.him, although in his case, it was often driven by the attempts of various low-level Nazis attempting to flatter him or attract his attention.


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15th Aug '16 1:54:58 PM kome360
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* Boarderlands2: Handsome Jack is the Joker CEO version of Comstock; the only thing he does more thoroughly than inflicting pain on the "bandit" citizens of Pandora is plaster his masked face persona across everything Hyperion. ''EVERYTHING''.



* Boarderlands2: The only thing Handsome Jack does more thoroughly than inflicting pain on the "bandit" citizens of Pandora is plaster his masked face across everything. ''EVERYTHING''.
* BioshockInfinite: The Founders worship (in order): God, The Prophet, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin. They use this dubious version of Christianity to justify their racist enslavement of the lower class. Interestingly, this has led them to demonize Abraham Lincoln, so TheResistance use his face on their mech units.

to:

* Boarderlands2: The only thing Handsome Jack does more thoroughly than inflicting pain on the "bandit" citizens of Pandora is plaster his masked face across everything. ''EVERYTHING''.
* BioshockInfinite: The Founders worship (in order): God, The Prophet, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin. They use this dubious version of Christianity to justify their racist enslavement of the lower class. Interestingly, this has led them to demonize Abraham Lincoln, so TheResistance use his face on their mech units.
15th Aug '16 1:52:03 PM kome360
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to:

* Boarderlands2: The only thing Handsome Jack does more thoroughly than inflicting pain on the "bandit" citizens of Pandora is plaster his masked face across everything. ''EVERYTHING''.
* BioshockInfinite: The Founders worship (in order): God, The Prophet, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin. They use this dubious version of Christianity to justify their racist enslavement of the lower class. Interestingly, this has led them to demonize Abraham Lincoln, so TheResistance use his face on their mech units.
7th Aug '16 3:11:10 AM bwehehehe
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* In the Philippines, a segment of [[WellIntentionedExtremist Rodrigo Duterte's]] supporters adore him so much that they are sometimes considered eligible to this trope, due to said segment thinking that all the president does is for the good of the country. As one of the nation's most polarizing figures, [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment let's leave it at that]].

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* In the Philippines, a segment of [[WellIntentionedExtremist Rodrigo Duterte's]] supporters adore him so much that they are sometimes considered eligible to this trope, due to said segment thinking that all the president does is for the good of the country. justifying '''everything''' he does. As one of the nation's most polarizing figures, figures the nation has ever seen, [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment let's leave it at that]].
5th Aug '16 8:48:46 PM bwehehehe
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to:

* In the Philippines, a segment of [[WellIntentionedExtremist Rodrigo Duterte's]] supporters adore him so much that they are sometimes considered eligible to this trope, due to said segment thinking that all the president does is for the good of the country. As one of the nation's most polarizing figures, [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment let's leave it at that]].
20th Jul '16 5:39:46 PM siberia82
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* ''Film/XMenApocalypse'': The eponymous villain emphasizes his god-like qualities to draw in potential followers. Creator/BryanSinger [[http://ca.ign.com/articles/2016/05/02/x-menas-professor-x-is-christ-and-apocalypse-is-a-false-god highlights]] the character's role as a cult leader.

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* ''Film/XMenApocalypse'': The eponymous villain En Sabah Nur emphasizes his god-like qualities to draw in potential followers. Creator/BryanSinger [[http://ca.ign.com/articles/2016/05/02/x-menas-professor-x-is-christ-and-apocalypse-is-a-false-god highlights]] the character's role as a cult leader.
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