History Main / AKindOfOne

4th Feb '18 6:00:25 PM LordInsane
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* Meta-example: 1st Edition ''Advanced TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' included six varieties of demons in its ''Monster Manual'', each one designated as "Type 1", "Type 2", etc. These type designations were also accompanied by the parenthetical names of infamous members of their type, such as "Balor" or "Vrock". When later editions abandoned the "Type __" naming system, the game's writers simply re-named each of the six varieties after these examples, so the "Type 1 demon" became the "vrock", etc.

to:

* Meta-example: 1st Edition ''Advanced TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' included six varieties of demons in its ''Monster Manual'', each one designated as "Type 1", "Type 2", etc. These type designations were also accompanied by the parenthetical names of infamous members of their type, such as "Balor" or "Vrock". When later editions abandoned the "Type __" naming system, the game's writers simply re-named each of the six varieties after these examples, so the "Type 1 demon" became the "vrock", etc. The Tarrasque is a variant. Almost every setting has one at most (hence why it is ''the'' Tarrasque)... but since many of the settings are at least nominally connected, that means there ''are'' multiple Tarrasque, you just wouldn't see more than one at a time[[note]]outside ''TabletopGame/{{Spelljammer}}'', which has a planet full of beings that ''look'' like Tarrasque but act as docile lithovores.[[/note]]
30th Dec '17 10:27:03 AM Drakos25
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* {{Pegasus}}. There was only the one in myth, but has since become synonymous with pterippi ("wing-horse"), or {{Pegas|us}}i, or "pegasoids". Interestingly, Pegasus was more or less Medusa's son... and Poseidon's. Poseidon fell in love with Medusa and raped her in Athena's temple, impregnating her. Athena was furious but since she couldn't take her anger out on Poseidon (her uncle and a god) she turned Medusa into a Gorgon as a curse. When Perseus cut off Medusa's head, Pegasus was born out of her neck.

to:

* {{Pegasus}}. There was only the one in myth, but has since become synonymous with pterippi ("wing-horse"), or {{Pegas|us}}i, or "pegasoids". Interestingly, Pegasus was more or less Medusa's son... and Poseidon's. Poseidon fell in love with Medusa and raped her the two slept together in Athena's temple, impregnating her. Medusa becoming impregnated in the process. Athena was furious but since she couldn't take her anger out on Poseidon (her uncle and a god) she turned Medusa into a Gorgon as a curse. curse (Medusa's sisters shared in her punishment because they helped Medusa sneak Poseidon in.) When Perseus cut off Medusa's head, Pegasus was born out of her neck.
23rd Dec '17 7:13:29 PM SantosLHalper
Is there an issue? Send a Message


[[folder:Mythology]]
* "Dracula" has been occasionally used as a synonym for "vampire" since Bram Stoker's work was published, usually in a playful context. For example, in Desmond Dekker's 1964 humorous song "Dracula", he warns the listener "Do not fall in love for that girl, she is a Dracula."
* Krampus is a single, one-of-a-kind creature in Germanic mythology, but an entire race in Hungarian folklore, with at least 4 named individuals.
* Myth/ClassicalMythology: A surprisingly large variety of monsters that were treated as unique divine or demonic beings in Greek and Roman mythology have given their names to entire species of lookalikes.
** The Chimera was a unique creature, a child of Echidna and Typhoeos (aka Typhon) in one version of the Greek myth. It's now synonymous with MixAndMatchCritters (and has a similar meaning in RealLife genetics), and various fantasy games such as ''TableTopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' include a species of monster inspired by the original individual.
** Empusa was originally a daughter of Hecate with flaming hair who seduced men before drinking their blood and eating them. She was eventually demoted in mythology to a class of spirits called empuse, who served Hecate by guarding roads against unwanted travelers. Later, they were ''further'' demoted to a kind of hobgoblin that bothers Greek farmers in the form of various animals.

to:

[[folder:Mythology]]
[[folder:Mythology (Classical)]]
* "Dracula" has been occasionally used as a synonym for "vampire" since Bram Stoker's work was published, usually in a playful context. For example, in Desmond Dekker's 1964 humorous song "Dracula", he warns the listener "Do not fall in love for that girl, she is a Dracula."
* Krampus is a single, one-of-a-kind creature in Germanic mythology, but an entire race in Hungarian folklore, with at least 4 named individuals.
* Myth/ClassicalMythology: A surprisingly large variety of monsters that were treated as unique divine or demonic beings in Greek and Roman mythology have given their names to entire species of lookalikes.
**
The Chimera was a unique creature, a child of Echidna and Typhoeos (aka Typhon) in one version of the Greek myth. It's now synonymous with MixAndMatchCritters (and has a similar meaning in RealLife genetics), and various fantasy games such as ''TableTopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' include a species of monster inspired by the original individual.
** * Empusa was originally a daughter of Hecate with flaming hair who seduced men before drinking their blood and eating them. She was eventually demoted in mythology to a class of spirits called empuse, who served Hecate by guarding roads against unwanted travelers. Later, they were ''further'' demoted to a kind of hobgoblin that bothers Greek farmers in the form of various animals.



** The Hydra -- again, the original myth has it as a singular creature (another child of Echidna and Typhon, incidentally, meaning it and the Chimera were technically sisters) so tough that it took Heracles a labor to beat, yet it is often a random encounter in many a RolePlayingGame (though usually not a ''weak'' encounter). Lexicographically, "Hydra" just means water serpent, and is also the name of a genus of tiny underwater animals. ''The'' Hydra of Greek myth was more formally known as the Lernaean Hydra.
** Lamia was a queen of Libya who became a child eating demon in Greek mythology. Over time she came to be generalized into a broad category of succubi, vampires, and other monsters called ''lamiae''. It also became a name for witches and harlots. "Lamia" or "Lamiae" in the NeoClassical sense are usually described as: a) demon women who change into snakes, b) demon snakes that change into women or c) strange half-woman half-snake demon things. The last is by far the most common in Japanese pop-culture, and sometimes they are not even demonic at all. They are also very, ''very'' [[ClingyJealousGirl clingy]].
** {{Medusa}} was only one of three Gorgons, her sisters being Stheno and Euryale.
*** The ''VideoGame/GodOfWar'' series alternately refers to the monsters as Medusas or Gorgons, but Euryale is fought in the second game.
*** Stheno was a random encounter in (of all things) ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyMysticQuest'', the super-short kiddie-lite version of ''Franchise/FinalFantasy''.
*** ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' had a creature with the type Medusa in an early expansion, but all Gorgons released since have been typed as such (and that earlier Medusa is now legally one too).
*** Stheno is also a boss encounter (a leader of naga-like snake people) in ''[[VideoGame/CityOfHeroes City of Villains]]''.
*** ''VideoGame/NetHack'' also gets it right in that "Medusa" is a boss and there is only one of her. Better yet, her lair includes a statue of Perseus...
*** Ditto several ''Franchise/{{Castlevania}}'' games, which almost makes up for having "Medusa heads" as mooks in almost every installment.
*** Averted in ''The Kindly Ones'' arc of ''ComicBook/TheSandman'', where Lyta meets the two remaining sisters who are still in mourning for Medusa.
*** They also show up (or at least images of them do) in ''[[VisualNovel/FateStayNight Fate/Hollow Ataraxia]]'', though like Medusa before they assumed their monstrous forms.
*** Medusas are a monster race in ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'', apparently female-only; the 2nd edition ''Monstrous Manual'' included a male-only version with the power to restore petrified things to normal, suggesting they were a single species dovetailing their abilities. Since this was stupid and reduced the terrifying impact of the medusa, they are almost uniformly forgotten or ignored. 4th edition adds male medusas back. They don't have snake hair and have a venomous gaze instead of a petrifying one. Gorgons, meanwhile, are metal-headed bulls that breathe petrifying gas.
*** The "bull" version of the gorgon probably originates from Edward Topsell's 1607 zoological text, ''The Historie of Foure Footed Beasts'', where he uses the term 'gorgon' to refer to a creature with metallic scales and extremely poisonous breath, which seems to roughly correspond to what Pliny described as 'catoblepas' (which itself may have originally been a ''very'' distorted description of a wildebeest). The D&D version may include some cross-pollination from the fire-breathing Bronze Bulls that Jason and the Argonauts had to deal with.
*** ''VideoGame/{{Pardus}}'' has a jellyfish-like species named Medusa[[note]]Incidentally, also the name for the "jellyfish stage" of actual cnidarian life cycles, as opposed to the "anemone stage" called the Polyp[[/note]] for its petrifying abilities... and its stronger relatives, Stheno and Euryale.
*** As of ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals'' there's "a Medusa" in the Ankh-Morpork City Watch (although previous references in ''Discworld/GuardsGuards'' and ''Discworld/FeetOfClay'' talked about gorgons).
*** ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' has both Gorgons ("Ghorgons", in the Beastmen army) and Medusae ("Bloodwrack Medusae" in the Dark Elf army). The latter are the common snake-bodied, snake-haired she-monster type (though their gaze causes rapid exsanguination, rather then petrifaction), while the former are savage many-armed forest giants similar to giant mutant minotaurs. In fact both are derived from mythological roots -- originally a Gorgon (a name which, in Greek, simply means "terrifying") was just a savage lumbering beast, akin to the Middle-Eastern Humbaba. It was only later that the word became attached to Medusa and her sisters, and became their species name.
*** ''VideoGame/HeroesOfMightAndMagic'' 3 also has both gorgons and medusas, in different alignments.
** [[ALoadOfBull The Minotaur]] was originally -- again -- a unique monster, the result of [[MakesSenseInContext an affair between Minos' wife in a sex-bot shaped like a cow and a magical bull from out of the ocean]]. Granted, this one does make some sense at least: "Minotaur" means bull of Minos, and in some versions the original Minotaur's proper name was Asterion, which would kind of make "Minotaur" even more of a descriptive, species-like name in the first place.
** Inverted in ''Theatre/OedipusTheKing'': Creator/{{Sophocles}}, who was familiar with the many unique monsters in Greek mythology, treats "the Sphinx" as a unique monster. However, in Egyptian mythology where he took inspiration for the creature, sphinxes are a species with many members.
** {{Pegasus}}. There was only the one in myth, but has since become synonymous with pterippi ("wing-horse"), or {{Pegas|us}}i, or "pegasoids". Interestingly, Pegasus was more or less Medusa's son... and Poseidon's. Poseidon fell in love with Medusa and raped her in Athena's temple, impregnating her. Athena was furious but since she couldn't take her anger out on Poseidon (her uncle and a god) she turned Medusa into a Gorgon as a curse. When Perseus cut off Medusa's head, Pegasus was born out of her neck.
*** Eventually, Roman folklore did end up including an actual species of wined horses, the Ethiopian pegasi (''Pegasi Aethiopici''), which supposedly lived in subsaharan Africa and showed up with some regularity in Roman and medieval bestiaries. They also had the peculiarity of possessing antelope-like horns, but good luck finding any pegasi in modern fiction with that trait.
*** In ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' (older versions at least), each Medusa killed has a chance of spawning a Pegasus in this way.
*** In ''Literature/PercyJacksonAndTheOlympians'', the Pegasi are stated to be descendants of the original Pegasus (who is immortal). The original is mentioned several times, and his twin brother Chrysaor (who is not a winged horse, but humanoid, also immortal) appears as well. The original, unique winged horse shows up in the last book of ''Literature/TheHeroesOfOlympus''.
*** A third of the ponies in all generations of ''Franchise/MyLittlePony'' are Pegasi, sometimes referred to as Pegasus ponies.

to:

** * The Hydra -- again, the original myth has it as a singular creature (another child of Echidna and Typhon, incidentally, meaning it and the Chimera were technically sisters) so tough that it took Heracles a labor to beat, yet it is often a random encounter in many a RolePlayingGame (though usually not a ''weak'' encounter). Lexicographically, "Hydra" just means water serpent, and is also the name of a genus of tiny underwater animals. ''The'' Hydra of Greek myth was more formally known as the Lernaean Hydra.
** * Lamia was a queen of Libya who became a child eating demon in Greek mythology. Over time she came to be generalized into a broad category of succubi, vampires, and other monsters called ''lamiae''. It also became a name for witches and harlots. "Lamia" or "Lamiae" in the NeoClassical sense are usually described as: a) demon women who change into snakes, b) demon snakes that change into women or c) strange half-woman half-snake demon things. The last is by far the most common in Japanese pop-culture, and sometimes they are not even demonic at all. They are also very, ''very'' [[ClingyJealousGirl clingy]].
** * {{Medusa}} was only one of three Gorgons, her sisters being Stheno and Euryale.
*** ** The ''VideoGame/GodOfWar'' series alternately refers to the monsters as Medusas or Gorgons, but Euryale is fought in the second game.
*** ** Stheno was a random encounter in (of all things) ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyMysticQuest'', the super-short kiddie-lite version of ''Franchise/FinalFantasy''.
*** ** ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' had a creature with the type Medusa in an early expansion, but all Gorgons released since have been typed as such (and that earlier Medusa is now legally one too).
*** ** Stheno is also a boss encounter (a leader of naga-like snake people) in ''[[VideoGame/CityOfHeroes City of Villains]]''.
*** ** ''VideoGame/NetHack'' also gets it right in that "Medusa" is a boss and there is only one of her. Better yet, her lair includes a statue of Perseus...
*** ** Ditto several ''Franchise/{{Castlevania}}'' games, which almost makes up for having "Medusa heads" as mooks in almost every installment.
*** ** Averted in ''The Kindly Ones'' arc of ''ComicBook/TheSandman'', where Lyta meets the two remaining sisters who are still in mourning for Medusa.
*** ** They also show up (or at least images of them do) in ''[[VisualNovel/FateStayNight Fate/Hollow Ataraxia]]'', though like Medusa before they assumed their monstrous forms.
*** ** Medusas are a monster race in ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'', apparently female-only; the 2nd edition ''Monstrous Manual'' included a male-only version with the power to restore petrified things to normal, suggesting they were a single species dovetailing their abilities. Since this was stupid and reduced the terrifying impact of the medusa, they are almost uniformly forgotten or ignored. 4th edition adds male medusas back. They don't have snake hair and have a venomous gaze instead of a petrifying one. Gorgons, meanwhile, are metal-headed bulls that breathe petrifying gas.
*** ** The "bull" version of the gorgon probably originates from Edward Topsell's 1607 zoological text, ''The Historie of Foure Footed Beasts'', where he uses the term 'gorgon' to refer to a creature with metallic scales and extremely poisonous breath, which seems to roughly correspond to what Pliny described as 'catoblepas' (which itself may have originally been a ''very'' distorted description of a wildebeest). The D&D version may include some cross-pollination from the fire-breathing Bronze Bulls that Jason and the Argonauts had to deal with.
*** ** ''VideoGame/{{Pardus}}'' has a jellyfish-like species named Medusa[[note]]Incidentally, also the name for the "jellyfish stage" of actual cnidarian life cycles, as opposed to the "anemone stage" called the Polyp[[/note]] for its petrifying abilities... and its stronger relatives, Stheno and Euryale.
*** ** As of ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals'' there's "a Medusa" in the Ankh-Morpork City Watch (although previous references in ''Discworld/GuardsGuards'' and ''Discworld/FeetOfClay'' talked about gorgons).
*** ** ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' has both Gorgons ("Ghorgons", in the Beastmen army) and Medusae ("Bloodwrack Medusae" in the Dark Elf army). The latter are the common snake-bodied, snake-haired she-monster type (though their gaze causes rapid exsanguination, rather then petrifaction), while the former are savage many-armed forest giants similar to giant mutant minotaurs. In fact both are derived from mythological roots -- originally a Gorgon (a name which, in Greek, simply means "terrifying") was just a savage lumbering beast, akin to the Middle-Eastern Humbaba. It was only later that the word became attached to Medusa and her sisters, and became their species name.
*** ** ''VideoGame/HeroesOfMightAndMagic'' 3 also has both gorgons and medusas, in different alignments.
** * [[ALoadOfBull The Minotaur]] was originally -- again -- a unique monster, the result of [[MakesSenseInContext an affair between Minos' wife in a sex-bot shaped like a cow and a magical bull from out of the ocean]]. Granted, this one does make some sense at least: "Minotaur" means bull of Minos, and in some versions the original Minotaur's proper name was Asterion, which would kind of make "Minotaur" even more of a descriptive, species-like name in the first place.
** * Inverted in ''Theatre/OedipusTheKing'': Creator/{{Sophocles}}, who was familiar with the many unique monsters in Greek mythology, treats "the Sphinx" as a unique monster. However, in Egyptian mythology where he took inspiration for the creature, sphinxes are a species with many members.
** {{Pegasus}}.*{{Pegasus}}. There was only the one in myth, but has since become synonymous with pterippi ("wing-horse"), or {{Pegas|us}}i, or "pegasoids". Interestingly, Pegasus was more or less Medusa's son... and Poseidon's. Poseidon fell in love with Medusa and raped her in Athena's temple, impregnating her. Athena was furious but since she couldn't take her anger out on Poseidon (her uncle and a god) she turned Medusa into a Gorgon as a curse. When Perseus cut off Medusa's head, Pegasus was born out of her neck.
*** ** Eventually, Roman folklore did end up including an actual species of wined winged horses, the Ethiopian pegasi (''Pegasi Aethiopici''), which supposedly lived in subsaharan Africa and showed up with some regularity in Roman and medieval bestiaries. They also had the peculiarity of possessing antelope-like horns, but good luck finding any pegasi in modern fiction with that trait.
*** ** In ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' (older versions at least), each Medusa killed has a chance of spawning a Pegasus in this way.
*** ** In ''Literature/PercyJacksonAndTheOlympians'', the Pegasi are stated to be descendants of the original Pegasus (who is immortal). The original is mentioned several times, and his twin brother Chrysaor (who is not a winged horse, but humanoid, also immortal) appears as well. The original, unique winged horse shows up in the last book of ''Literature/TheHeroesOfOlympus''.
*** ** A third of the ponies in all generations of ''Franchise/MyLittlePony'' are Pegasi, sometimes referred to as Pegasus ponies.ponies.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Mythology (Other)]]
* "Dracula" has been occasionally used as a synonym for "vampire" since Bram Stoker's work was published, usually in a playful context. For example, in Desmond Dekker's 1964 humorous song "Dracula", he warns the listener "Do not fall in love for that girl, she is a Dracula."
* Krampus is a single, one-of-a-kind creature in Germanic mythology, but an entire race in Hungarian folklore, with at least 4 named individuals.
26th Nov '17 3:26:19 PM Theriocephalus
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* Myth/ClassicalMythology: A surprisingly large variety of monsters that wee treated as unique divine or demonic beings in Greek and Roman mythology have given their names to entire species of lookalikes.

to:

* Myth/ClassicalMythology: A surprisingly large variety of monsters that wee were treated as unique divine or demonic beings in Greek and Roman mythology have given their names to entire species of lookalikes.
15th Nov '17 5:14:50 PM Theriocephalus
Is there an issue? Send a Message


For examples of this that have their own pages, see ALoadOfBull (the Minotaur), {{Medusa}}, {{Pegasus}}, ThePhoenix and FeatheredSerpent.

to:

For examples A number of cases of this that trope have become widespread and ubiquitous enough to have their own pages, see pages:
[[index]]
*
ALoadOfBull (the Minotaur), {{Medusa}}, {{Pegasus}}, ThePhoenix and FeatheredSerpent.
-- the Minotaur, now often the name for an entire species of bovine humanoids.
* {{Medusa}} -- while there always at least three gorgons, Medusa was the personal name of just one of them.
* {{Pegasus}}
* ThePhoenix
* FeatheredSerpent -- the original was a single god worshipped by a number of mesoamerican peoples.
[[/index]]


Added DiffLines:

* In most, if not all, pre-Columbian mesoamerican mythologies, there was only one FeatheredSerpent, the serpent god known as Quetzalcoatl by the Aztecs, Kukulkan by the Yucatec Maya, and Q'uq'umatz by the K'iche' Maya. In modern fiction, it has become very common for the terms "feathered serpent" or "coatl" to refer to an entire species of snake-bird chimeric beings, more often than not simply magical beasts or a species of relatively weak (i.e., mortal-level) intelligent beings.
15th Nov '17 5:05:22 PM Theriocephalus
Is there an issue? Send a Message


For examples of this that have their own pages, see ALoadOfBull (the Minotaur), {{Medusa}}, {{Pegasus}}, ThePhoenix and FeatheredSerpent.



* Tigger from Franchise/WinnieThePooh is a good example of this trope. When Pooh asks what he is on meeting him, he says he is "The One and Only Tigger".
** However, ''Disney/TheTiggerMovie'' is entirely about subverting this trope in the most heart-wrenching way possible.

to:

* Tigger from Franchise/WinnieThePooh is a good example of this trope. When Pooh asks what he is on meeting him, he says he is "The One and Only Tigger".
**
Tigger". However, ''Disney/TheTiggerMovie'' is entirely about subverting this trope in the most heart-wrenching way possible.



* Franchise/{{Frankenstein}} - There are dozens of different kinds of {{Golem}}s and [[BackFromTheDead reanimated humans]], but FrankensteinsMonster has become a catch-all.
* Sometimes in ''Literature/TheMoomins'' stories, one isn't sure if the word used to refer to a particular creature is its personal name or the name of its species. This is often academic if that is the only example we meet. The most obvious example is the Hemulen - later stories establish there are definitely other Hemulens, such as the Park Keeper, and it's not even clear if "the" Hemulen is even always the same one. (There are almost certainly at least two Fillyjonks referred to as "the" Fillyjonk in different books.)

to:

* Franchise/{{Frankenstein}} - Franchise/{{Frankenstein}}: There are dozens of different kinds of {{Golem}}s and [[BackFromTheDead reanimated humans]], but FrankensteinsMonster has become a catch-all.
catch-all term for them all.
* Sometimes in ''Literature/TheMoomins'' stories, one isn't sure if the word used to refer to a particular creature is its personal name or the name of its species. This is often academic if that is the only example we meet. The most obvious example is the Hemulen - -- later stories establish there are definitely other Hemulens, such as the Park Keeper, and it's not even clear if "the" Hemulen is even always the same one. (There are almost certainly at least two Fillyjonks referred to as "the" Fillyjonk in different books.)



* Chimera - A unique creature, child of Echidna and Typhoeos (aka Typhon) in one version of the Greek myth. It's now synonymous with MixAndMatchCritters (and has a similar meaning in RealLife genetics), and various fantasy games such as ''TableTopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' include a species of monster inspired by the original individual.
* "Dracula" has been occasionally used as a synonym for "vampire" since Bram Stoker's work was published, usually in a playful context.
** For example, in Desmond Dekker's 1964 humorous song "Dracula", he warns the listener "Do not fall in love for that girl, she is a Dracula."
* Empusa was originally a daughter of Hecate with flaming hair who seduced men before drinking their blood and eating them. She was eventually demoted in mythology to a class of spirits called empuse, who served Hecate by guarding roads against unwanted travelers. Later, they were ''further'' demoted to a kind of hobgoblin that bothers Greek farmers in the form of various animals.
** Empusa's other parent, Mormo, was similarly a single spirit who bit bad children that was generalized in to the Mormolyceion.
* (The) Hydra - Again, a singular creature so tough that it took Heracles a labor to beat, yet is often a random encounter in many a RolePlayingGame (though usually not a ''weak'' encounter). Lexicographically, "Hydra" just means water serpent, and is also the name of a genus of tiny underwater animals. ''The'' Hydra of Greek myth was more formally known as the Lernaean Hydra.

to:

* Chimera - A unique creature, child of Echidna and Typhoeos (aka Typhon) in one version of the Greek myth. It's now synonymous with MixAndMatchCritters (and has a similar meaning in RealLife genetics), and various fantasy games such as ''TableTopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' include a species of monster inspired by the original individual.
* "Dracula" has been occasionally used as a synonym for "vampire" since Bram Stoker's work was published, usually in a playful context.
**
context. For example, in Desmond Dekker's 1964 humorous song "Dracula", he warns the listener "Do not fall in love for that girl, she is a Dracula."
* Empusa was originally a daughter of Hecate with flaming hair who seduced men before drinking their blood and eating them. She was eventually demoted in mythology to a class of spirits called empuse, who served Hecate by guarding roads against unwanted travelers. Later, they were ''further'' demoted to a kind of hobgoblin that bothers Greek farmers in the form of various animals.
** Empusa's other parent, Mormo, was similarly a single spirit who bit bad children that was generalized in to the Mormolyceion.
* (The) Hydra - Again, a singular creature so tough that it took Heracles a labor to beat, yet is often a random encounter in many a RolePlayingGame (though usually not a ''weak'' encounter). Lexicographically, "Hydra" just means water serpent, and is also the name of a genus of tiny underwater animals. ''The'' Hydra of Greek myth was more formally known as the Lernaean Hydra.
"



* Lamia was a queen of Libya who became a child eating demon in Greek mythology. Over time she came to be generalized into a broad category of succubi, vampires, and other monsters called ''lamiae''. It also became a name for witches and harlots.
** "Lamia" or "Lamiae" in the NeoClassical sense are usually described as: a) demonwomen who change into snakes, b) demonsnakes that change into women or c) strange half-woman half-snake demon things. The last is by far the most common in Japanese pop-culture, and sometimes they are not even demonic at all. They are also very, ''very'' [[ClingyJealousGirl clingy.]]
* {{Medusa}} - She was only one of three Gorgons, her sisters being Stheno and Euryale.
** The ''VideoGame/GodOfWar'' series alternately refers to the monsters as Medusas or Gorgons, but Euryale is fought in the second game.
** Stheno was a random encounter in (of all things) ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyMysticQuest'', the super-short kiddie-lite version of ''Franchise/FinalFantasy''.
** ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' had a creature with the type Medusa in an early expansion, but all Gorgons released since have been typed as such (and that earlier Medusa is now legally one too).
** Stheno is also a Boss (a leader of naga-like snake people) in ''[[VideoGame/CityOfHeroes City of Villains]]''
** ''VideoGame/NetHack'' also gets it right in that "Medusa" is a boss and there is only one of her. Better yet, her lair includes a statue of Perseus...
** Ditto several ''Franchise/{{Castlevania}}'' games, which almost makes up for having "Medusa heads" as mooks in almost every installment.
** Averted in ''The Kindly Ones'' arc of ''ComicBook/TheSandman'', where Lyta meets the two remaining sisters who are still in mourning for Medusa.
** They also show up (or images of them) in ''[[VisualNovel/FateStayNight Fate/Hollow Ataraxia]]'', though like Medusa before they assumed their monstrous forms.
** Medusas are a monster race in ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'', apparently female-only; the 2nd edition ''Monstrous Manual'' included a male-only version with the power to restore petrified things to normal, suggesting they were a single species dovetailing their abilities. Since this was stupid and reduced the terrifying impact of the medusa, they are almost uniformly forgotten or ignored. 4th edition adds male medusas back. They don't have snake hair and have a venomous gaze instead of a petrifying one. Gorgons, meanwhile, are metal-headed bulls that breathe petrifying gas.
*** The 'bull' version of the gorgon probably originates from Edward Topsell's 1607 zoological text, ''The Historie of Foure Footed Beasts'', where he uses the term 'gorgon' to refer to a creature with metallic scales and extremely poisonous breath, which seems to roughly correspond to what Pliny described as 'catoblepas' (which itself may have originally been a ''very'' distorted description of a wildebeest). The D&D version may include some cross-pollination from the fire-breathing Bronze Bulls that Jason and the Argonauts had to deal with.
** ''VideoGame/{{Pardus}}'' has a jellyfish-like species named Medusa[[note]]Incidentally, also the name for the "jellyfish stage" of actual cnidarian life cycles, as opposed to the "anemone stage" called the Polyp[[/note]] for its petrifying abilities... and its stronger relatives, Stheno and Euryale.
** As of ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals'' there's "a Medusa" in the Ankh-Morpork City Watch (although previous references in ''Discworld/GuardsGuards'' and ''Discworld/FeetOfClay'' talked about gorgons).
** Warhammer has both Gorgons ("Ghorgons", in the Beastmen army) and Medusae ("Bloodwrack Medusae" in the Dark Elf army). The latter are the common snake-bodied, snake-haired she-monster type (though their gaze causes rapid exsanguination, rather then petrifaction), while the former are savage many-armed forest giants similar to giant mutant minotaurs. In fact both are derived from mythological roots - originally a Gorgon (a name which, in Greek, simply means "terrifying") was just a savage lumbering beast, akin to the Middle-Eastern Humbaba. It was only later that the word became attached to Medusa and her sisters, and became their species name.
** Heroes of Might and Magic 3 also has both gorgons and medusas, in different alignments.
* [[ALoadOfBull Minotaur]] - Another unique creature naming an entire species. The original was the result of [[MakesSenseInContext an affair between Minos' wife in a sex-bot shaped like a cow and a magical bull from out of the ocean]]. Granted, this one does make some sense at least: "Minotaur" means bull of Minos, and in some versions the original Minotaur's proper name was Asterion, which would kind of make "Minotaur" even more of a descriptive, species-like name in the first place.
* Inverted in ''Theatre/OedipusTheKing'': Creator/{{Sophocles}}, who was familiar with the many unique monsters in Greek mythology, treats "The Sphinx" as a unique monster. But in Egyptian mythology, sphinxes are a species with many members.
* {{Pegasus}} - There was only the one in myth, but has since become synonymous with pterippi ("wing-horse"), or {{Pegas|us}}i, or "pegasoids". Interestingly, Pegasus was more or less Medusa's son... and Poseidon's. Poseidon fell in love with Medusa and raped her in Athena's temple, impregnating her. Athena was furious but since she couldn't take her anger out on Poseidon (her uncle and a god) she turned Medusa into a Gorgon as a curse. When Perseus cut off Medusa's head, Pegasus was born out of her neck.
** In ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' (older versions at least), each Medusa killed has a chance of spawning a Pegasus in this way.
** In ''Literature/PercyJacksonAndTheOlympians'', the Pegasi are stated to be descendants of the original Pegasus (who is immortal). The original is mentioned several times, and his twin brother Chrysaor (who is not a winged horse, but humanoid, also immortal) appears as well.
*** The original shows up in the last book of ''Literature/TheHeroesOfOlympus''.
** A third of the ponies in all generations of Franchise/MyLittlePony are Pegasi / Pegasus ponies.

to:

* Myth/ClassicalMythology: A surprisingly large variety of monsters that wee treated as unique divine or demonic beings in Greek and Roman mythology have given their names to entire species of lookalikes.
** The Chimera was a unique creature, a child of Echidna and Typhoeos (aka Typhon) in one version of the Greek myth. It's now synonymous with MixAndMatchCritters (and has a similar meaning in RealLife genetics), and various fantasy games such as ''TableTopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' include a species of monster inspired by the original individual.
** Empusa was originally a daughter of Hecate with flaming hair who seduced men before drinking their blood and eating them. She was eventually demoted in mythology to a class of spirits called empuse, who served Hecate by guarding roads against unwanted travelers. Later, they were ''further'' demoted to a kind of hobgoblin that bothers Greek farmers in the form of various animals.
** Empusa's other parent, Mormo, was similarly a single spirit who bit bad children that was generalized in to the Mormolyceion.
** The Hydra -- again, the original myth has it as a singular creature (another child of Echidna and Typhon, incidentally, meaning it and the Chimera were technically sisters) so tough that it took Heracles a labor to beat, yet it is often a random encounter in many a RolePlayingGame (though usually not a ''weak'' encounter). Lexicographically, "Hydra" just means water serpent, and is also the name of a genus of tiny underwater animals. ''The'' Hydra of Greek myth was more formally known as the Lernaean Hydra.
**
Lamia was a queen of Libya who became a child eating demon in Greek mythology. Over time she came to be generalized into a broad category of succubi, vampires, and other monsters called ''lamiae''. It also became a name for witches and harlots.
**
harlots. "Lamia" or "Lamiae" in the NeoClassical sense are usually described as: a) demonwomen demon women who change into snakes, b) demonsnakes demon snakes that change into women or c) strange half-woman half-snake demon things. The last is by far the most common in Japanese pop-culture, and sometimes they are not even demonic at all. They are also very, ''very'' [[ClingyJealousGirl clingy.]]
*
clingy]].
**
{{Medusa}} - She was only one of three Gorgons, her sisters being Stheno and Euryale.
** *** The ''VideoGame/GodOfWar'' series alternately refers to the monsters as Medusas or Gorgons, but Euryale is fought in the second game.
** *** Stheno was a random encounter in (of all things) ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyMysticQuest'', the super-short kiddie-lite version of ''Franchise/FinalFantasy''.
** *** ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' had a creature with the type Medusa in an early expansion, but all Gorgons released since have been typed as such (and that earlier Medusa is now legally one too).
** *** Stheno is also a Boss boss encounter (a leader of naga-like snake people) in ''[[VideoGame/CityOfHeroes City of Villains]]''
**
Villains]]''.
***
''VideoGame/NetHack'' also gets it right in that "Medusa" is a boss and there is only one of her. Better yet, her lair includes a statue of Perseus...
** *** Ditto several ''Franchise/{{Castlevania}}'' games, which almost makes up for having "Medusa heads" as mooks in almost every installment.
** *** Averted in ''The Kindly Ones'' arc of ''ComicBook/TheSandman'', where Lyta meets the two remaining sisters who are still in mourning for Medusa.
** *** They also show up (or at least images of them) them do) in ''[[VisualNovel/FateStayNight Fate/Hollow Ataraxia]]'', though like Medusa before they assumed their monstrous forms.
** *** Medusas are a monster race in ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'', apparently female-only; the 2nd edition ''Monstrous Manual'' included a male-only version with the power to restore petrified things to normal, suggesting they were a single species dovetailing their abilities. Since this was stupid and reduced the terrifying impact of the medusa, they are almost uniformly forgotten or ignored. 4th edition adds male medusas back. They don't have snake hair and have a venomous gaze instead of a petrifying one. Gorgons, meanwhile, are metal-headed bulls that breathe petrifying gas.
*** The 'bull' "bull" version of the gorgon probably originates from Edward Topsell's 1607 zoological text, ''The Historie of Foure Footed Beasts'', where he uses the term 'gorgon' to refer to a creature with metallic scales and extremely poisonous breath, which seems to roughly correspond to what Pliny described as 'catoblepas' (which itself may have originally been a ''very'' distorted description of a wildebeest). The D&D version may include some cross-pollination from the fire-breathing Bronze Bulls that Jason and the Argonauts had to deal with.
** *** ''VideoGame/{{Pardus}}'' has a jellyfish-like species named Medusa[[note]]Incidentally, also the name for the "jellyfish stage" of actual cnidarian life cycles, as opposed to the "anemone stage" called the Polyp[[/note]] for its petrifying abilities... and its stronger relatives, Stheno and Euryale.
** *** As of ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals'' there's "a Medusa" in the Ankh-Morpork City Watch (although previous references in ''Discworld/GuardsGuards'' and ''Discworld/FeetOfClay'' talked about gorgons).
** Warhammer *** ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' has both Gorgons ("Ghorgons", in the Beastmen army) and Medusae ("Bloodwrack Medusae" in the Dark Elf army). The latter are the common snake-bodied, snake-haired she-monster type (though their gaze causes rapid exsanguination, rather then petrifaction), while the former are savage many-armed forest giants similar to giant mutant minotaurs. In fact both are derived from mythological roots - -- originally a Gorgon (a name which, in Greek, simply means "terrifying") was just a savage lumbering beast, akin to the Middle-Eastern Humbaba. It was only later that the word became attached to Medusa and her sisters, and became their species name.
** Heroes of Might and Magic *** ''VideoGame/HeroesOfMightAndMagic'' 3 also has both gorgons and medusas, in different alignments.
* ** [[ALoadOfBull The Minotaur]] - Another was originally -- again -- a unique creature naming an entire species. The original was monster, the result of [[MakesSenseInContext an affair between Minos' wife in a sex-bot shaped like a cow and a magical bull from out of the ocean]]. Granted, this one does make some sense at least: "Minotaur" means bull of Minos, and in some versions the original Minotaur's proper name was Asterion, which would kind of make "Minotaur" even more of a descriptive, species-like name in the first place.
* ** Inverted in ''Theatre/OedipusTheKing'': Creator/{{Sophocles}}, who was familiar with the many unique monsters in Greek mythology, treats "The "the Sphinx" as a unique monster. But However, in Egyptian mythology, mythology where he took inspiration for the creature, sphinxes are a species with many members.
* {{Pegasus}} - ** {{Pegasus}}. There was only the one in myth, but has since become synonymous with pterippi ("wing-horse"), or {{Pegas|us}}i, or "pegasoids". Interestingly, Pegasus was more or less Medusa's son... and Poseidon's. Poseidon fell in love with Medusa and raped her in Athena's temple, impregnating her. Athena was furious but since she couldn't take her anger out on Poseidon (her uncle and a god) she turned Medusa into a Gorgon as a curse. When Perseus cut off Medusa's head, Pegasus was born out of her neck.
** *** Eventually, Roman folklore did end up including an actual species of wined horses, the Ethiopian pegasi (''Pegasi Aethiopici''), which supposedly lived in subsaharan Africa and showed up with some regularity in Roman and medieval bestiaries. They also had the peculiarity of possessing antelope-like horns, but good luck finding any pegasi in modern fiction with that trait.
***
In ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' (older versions at least), each Medusa killed has a chance of spawning a Pegasus in this way.
** *** In ''Literature/PercyJacksonAndTheOlympians'', the Pegasi are stated to be descendants of the original Pegasus (who is immortal). The original is mentioned several times, and his twin brother Chrysaor (who is not a winged horse, but humanoid, also immortal) appears as well.
***
well. The original original, unique winged horse shows up in the last book of ''Literature/TheHeroesOfOlympus''.
** *** A third of the ponies in all generations of Franchise/MyLittlePony ''Franchise/MyLittlePony'' are Pegasi / Pegasi, sometimes referred to as Pegasus ponies.



* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' has many, many examples. As well as the Gorgons and Medusae (see Mythology, above), there are examples of Hydras, Chimeras, Minotaurs, Harpies, Phoenixes, Pegasi and pretty much all the standard fantasy versions of this trope. Of special note is the Kharybdiss, however - a species of sea monster in Warhammer derived from the whirlpool-causing individual monster Karybdis in Homer's Odyssey. Karybdis's traditional mythological partner Scylla does inspire a Warhammer monster, but it is a unique individual (the Chaos Spawn Scyla Anfingrimm), rather than a species (in fact the Kharybdiss bears some similarities with Homer's description of Scylla).

to:

* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' has many, many examples. As well as the Gorgons and Medusae (see Mythology, above), there are examples of Hydras, Chimeras, Minotaurs, Harpies, Phoenixes, Pegasi and pretty much all the standard fantasy versions of this trope. Of special note is the Kharybdiss, however - -- a species of sea monster in Warhammer derived from the whirlpool-causing individual monster Karybdis in Homer's Odyssey. Karybdis's traditional mythological partner Scylla does inspire a Warhammer monster, but it is a unique individual (the Chaos Spawn Scyla Anfingrimm), rather than a species (in fact the Kharybdiss bears some similarities with Homer's description of Scylla).



* ''VideoGame/AgeOfMythology'' allows players to raise armies of mythological creatures, that even have fairly correct [[AltumVidetur Latin]] scientific names (all HalfHumanHybrid are ''Homo x'' - Minotaur: ''Homo taurus'' - others take their known genus - Nemean Lion: ''Leo biaxomus'', Pegasus: ''Equus pegasus'', Phoenix: ''Aquila inferna'' - and when no real life animal exists, a Latin word becomes the genus: - Chimera: ''Draco chimera'', Medusa: ''Gorgon chrysaorus'').

to:

* ''VideoGame/AgeOfMythology'' allows players to raise armies of mythological creatures, that even have fairly correct [[AltumVidetur Latin]] scientific names (all HalfHumanHybrid are ''Homo x'' - Minotaur: -- the Minotaur is ''Homo taurus'' - -- others take their known genus - -- the Nemean Lion: Lion is ''Leo biaxomus'', Pegasus: the Pegasus is ''Equus pegasus'', Phoenix: the Phoenix is ''Aquila inferna'' - -- and when no real life animal exists, a Latin word becomes the genus: - Chimera: genus -- the Chimera is ''Draco chimera'', Medusa: the Medusa is ''Gorgon chrysaorus'').



* Numerous characters on ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'' refer to all vampires as "Draculas," with the exception of Jefferson Twilight, Blackula Hunter - who explains that he refers to black vampires as Blackulas because he can't think of a better name to distinguish them from other vampires.

to:

* Numerous characters on ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'' refer to all vampires as "Draculas," with the exception of Jefferson Twilight, Blackula Hunter - Hunter, who explains that he refers to black vampires as Blackulas because he can't think of a better name to distinguish them from other vampires.
24th Oct '17 1:44:18 PM SantosLHalper
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* Renard, in France. The old French word for fox was "goupil". At the same time, there was a series of popular medieval stories about the CunningLikeAFox TricksterArchetype (and literal [[PettingZooPeople anthropomorphic fox]]) Renard (or ''Reynard'' or ''Reynaud'', i.e. Ronald) and his clashes with the wolf Isengrim. Because of a SpeakOfTheDevil superstition that held that saying the name of a fox might cause it to appear and attack barn animals, people began to all foxes as "Renard" until it stuck as the common name for the animal in French.

to:

* Renard, in France. The old French word for fox was "goupil". At the same time, there was a series of popular medieval stories about the CunningLikeAFox TricksterArchetype (and literal [[PettingZooPeople anthropomorphic fox]]) Renard (or ''Reynard'' or ''Reynaud'', i.e. Ronald) and his clashes with the wolf Isengrim. Because of a SpeakOfTheDevil superstition that held that saying the name of a fox might cause it to appear and attack barn animals, people began to refer to all foxes as "Renard" until it stuck as the common name for the animal in French.
24th Oct '17 1:43:36 PM SantosLHalper
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* Renard, in France. The old French word for fox was "goupil". A series of popular medieval stories about the CunningLikeAFox TricksterArchetype (and literal [[PettingZooPeople anthropomorphic fox]]) Renard (or ''Reynard'' or ''Reynaud'', i.e. Ronald) and his clashes with the wolf Isengrim led to many people referring to all foxes as "Renard" until it stuck as the common name for the animal in French.

to:

* Renard, in France. The old French word for fox was "goupil". A At the same time, there was a series of popular medieval stories about the CunningLikeAFox TricksterArchetype (and literal [[PettingZooPeople anthropomorphic fox]]) Renard (or ''Reynard'' or ''Reynaud'', i.e. Ronald) and his clashes with the wolf Isengrim led Isengrim. Because of a SpeakOfTheDevil superstition that held that saying the name of a fox might cause it to many appear and attack barn animals, people referring began to all foxes as "Renard" until it stuck as the common name for the animal in French.
28th Jul '17 3:03:31 PM TheKaizerreich
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

** Doesn't help that many people, and even some sci-fi writers, confuse "sun" with "star". There is only one sun, i.e. the star of the sol system, which is only one of an undescribable number of stars across the universe.
28th Jul '17 2:51:35 PM TheKaizerreich
Is there an issue? Send a Message


** "Lamia" or "Lamiae" in the NeoClassical sense are usually described as: a) demonwomen who change into snakes, b) demonsnakes that change into women or c) strange half-woman half-snake demon things.

to:

** "Lamia" or "Lamiae" in the NeoClassical sense are usually described as: a) demonwomen who change into snakes, b) demonsnakes that change into women or c) strange half-woman half-snake demon things. The last is by far the most common in Japanese pop-culture, and sometimes they are not even demonic at all. They are also very, ''very'' [[ClingyJealousGirl clingy.]]
This list shows the last 10 events of 101. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.AKindOfOne