History Literature / TheDivineComedy

7th Apr '17 10:17:25 PM DustSnitch
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[[caption-width-right:330:Abandon all hope, ye who enter here.]]

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[[caption-width-right:330:Abandon all hope, ye who enter here.[[caption-width-right:330:Going to hell, back, and beyond.]]
23rd Mar '17 9:12:44 AM DustSnitch
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* ChristianityIsCatholic: Of course. Protestantism didn't exist in Dante's time and no mention is made of Eastern Orthodoxy, but it's very likely Dante would have portrayed it as heretical.
22nd Mar '17 8:45:57 PM DustSnitch
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-->''"Were he as fair, as he now is foul, and lifted up his brow against the maker, well may proceed from him all tribulation."''

to:

-->''"Were he as fair, as he now is foul, and lifted up his brow against the maker, Maker, well may proceed from him all tribulation."''
22nd Mar '17 8:45:05 PM DustSnitch
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* TheDevilIsALoser: Some readers and critics have noted that Satan is one of the least colourful villains of the whole ''Inferno'', but [[InvokedTrope this was actually deliberate]]. Satan is a giant [[{{Wangst}} whiny thing]], [[AndIMustScream trapped]] waist-deep in a frozen lake, beating his massive wings trying to fly away from heaven, [[SelfInflictedHell and while doing so creating cold gusts of wind which freeze ice back up, and push him up into the broken shards of ice]]. [[UpToEleven Loser Indeed]].

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* TheDevilIsALoser: Some readers and critics have noted that Satan is one of the least colourful villains of the whole ''Inferno'', but [[InvokedTrope this was actually deliberate]]. Satan is a giant [[{{Wangst}} whiny thing]], giant, [[AndIMustScream trapped]] waist-deep in a frozen lake, beating his massive wings trying to fly away from heaven, [[SelfInflictedHell and while doing so creating cold gusts of wind which freeze ice back up, and push him up into the broken shards of ice]]. [[UpToEleven Loser Indeed]].



* InterruptedSuicide: One [[EpilepticTrees theory]] of the ''Commedia'' is that Dante is contemplating suicide at the beginning of the poem. He describes himself as "lost in a dark forest," and what's the only other dark forest we see in the ''Commedia''? The circle of Hell in which suicides are transformed into barren trees.



* TheOmniscientCouncilOfVagueness: Beatrice and her companions in Heaven, watching over Dante.

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* %%* TheOmniscientCouncilOfVagueness: Beatrice and her companions in Heaven, watching over Dante.



* {{Satan}}: Although he's a rather weak and pitiful (albeit gigantic) being, stuck in ice at the very bottom of Hell and chewing on Judas, Brutus, and Cassius; he doesn't even put up a fight when Dante and Virgil climb down his body to access the path to Purgatory.
** Dante's description of Satan may be the first time he appears with bat wings.

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* {{Satan}}: The final character Dante meets in ''Inferno'' is the emperor of Hell himself, Satan. Although he's a rather weak and pitiful (albeit gigantic) being, pitiful, despite being the largest creature Dante's ever seen. He's stuck in a torturously cold put of ice that's being sustained from a cold wind created by his own wings, which he flaps desperately in his attempts at the very bottom of Hell and chewing on Judas, Brutus, and Cassius; he escape. He doesn't even put up a fight when Dante and Virgil climb down his body to access body, since he's too preoccupied crying in pain and chewing apart the path to Purgatory.
** Dante's description
bodies of Satan may be the first time he appears Judas, Brutus, and Cassius with the three heads he has to mock the Trinity. Even his wings are ugly and molten, looking more like bat wings.wings than the majestic span one would expect from the greatest of angels.
-->''"Were he as fair, as he now is foul, and lifted up his brow against the maker, well may proceed from him all tribulation."''



* SelfInflictedHell: The damned are implied to have chosen their own fate, as they clamber madly to cross the river Acheron. Also, Lucifer's massive wings create the cold wind that keeps the lake Cocytus frozen (which keeps him trapped).
* SelfInsertFic: The main character is Alighieri himself. [[TropesAreNotBad It's still a good story, though.]]

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* SelfInflictedHell: The damned are implied to have chosen their own fate, as they clamber madly to cross the river Acheron. Also, Lucifer's massive wings create the cold wind that keeps the lake Cocytus frozen (which keeps frozen, sustaining the ice trapping him trapped).
in Hell and creating the very cold that tortures him.
* SelfInsertFic: The main character protagonist of the poem, Dante, is Alighieri himself. [[TropesAreNotBad It's still a good story, though.]]fictionalized version of the author who also interacts with many people he knew personally on his journey through the afterlives. While Dante has characters accurately predict his coming fame as a poet, as a whole, he depicts himself as a prideful person who comes off as rather ignorant when put up to the likes of Virgil and the transcendent Beatrice. He also can barely stand to look upon the punishments of Hell and is especially distressed to find some of his own colleagues are damned, though they themselves explain to him they have reason to be in Hell.



** Purgatory is patterned after these.

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** Purgatory is patterned after these.a mountain divided into seven terraces where people atone for each of the Deadly Sins. The one at the bottom is the one Dante considered the worst of them, and the sins become less grave as one ascends the mountain.
*** Pride: The first terrace has the prideful carry rocks up the mountain, forcing them to lower themselves and see the Earth for what it is rather than what their ego imagines.
*** Envy: The second terrace has angels who sew shut the eyes of the envious so they may not look upon others and their possessions. The envious then walk through the terrace listening to tales of generosity while wearing humble, penitential cloaks.
*** Wrath: The third terrace is covered with smoke, reflecting the blinding effect of anger, as the wrathful ascend.
*** Sloth: The fourth terrace forces the slothful to run with all their energy while the angels shout at them and encourage them not to waste time.
*** Greed: The fifth terrace has those who committed avarice to lie face down on the ground while they pray.
*** Gluttony: The sixth terrace's inhabitants must fast throughout their climb to the top, to the point their spiritual forms begin to look thin and gaunt.
*** Lust: The seventh terrace forces the lustful to burn their passions away by running through a fire. Unlike the other terraces, it seems everyone must go through this one to reach Paradise.



* SinInvitesPossession: The inhabitants of Ptolomaea, who betrayed their guests, had their souls sent there immediately and their bodies possessed by demons.
* SnicketWarningLabel: Some early verses in the ''Paradiso'' warn readers not to continue further if they are not ready to deal with the complex theology discussed therein. Most people who end up reading it regret not taking the warning more seriously and end up with a headache, and left very confused.
* TheSpartanWay: Purgatory of course. Complete with angelic [[DrillSergeantNasty Drill Sergeants Nasty]].
* SpiritAdvisor: Creator/{{Virgil}} in Hell and Purgatory, Beatrice in Paradise.

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* SinInvitesPossession: The inhabitants of Ptolomaea, who betrayed the second lowest portion of Hell, invited people into their guests, had homes and murdered them, only to have their souls sent there immediately and sent to Hell after committing the murder while their bodies possessed became inhabited by demons.
* SnicketWarningLabel: Some early verses in the ''Paradiso'' warn readers not to continue further if they are not ready to deal with the complex theology discussed therein. Most people who end up reading it regret not taking the warning more seriously and end up with a headache, and left very confused.
* TheSpartanWay: Purgatory of course. Complete with angelic [[DrillSergeantNasty Drill Sergeants Nasty]].
therein.
* SpiritAdvisor: Creator/{{Virgil}} in Dante is guided through Hell by the spirit of Creator/{{Virgil}}, the famous Roman poet, who is more than familiar enough with the worldly sins of all those they encounter. It's only once they see the entirety of evil and reach Purgatory that Virgil begins to falter. He still guides Dante up the mountain and teaches him, but since Virgil himself is a denizen of Hell, the sermons of the Angels and the explanations of the spirits become far more essential for Dante to understand his surroundings. Once they reach the top of Purgatory, Beatrice in Paradise.the Garden of Eden, Virgil bids Dante farewell as the greatest woman Dante ever knew, Beatrice, takes Dante through the spheres of Heaven as they become more abstract and beautiful.



* SympathyForTheDevil: Although Dante has nothing but contempt for Satan and his minions, he often shows feelings of empathy, pity, and even respect for several sinners he meets in Hell. Virgil sometimes tells Dante off for this. After all, if an omniscient and all-loving God has decided they're not worth pity, why should anyone go against divine will and feel sorry for them?
* TakeOurWordForIt: At the end of ''Paradiso'', this is how Dante describes God. Anything else would have been underwhelming.

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* SympathyForTheDevil: Although Dante has nothing but contempt for Satan and his minions, he often shows feelings of empathy, pity, and even respect for several sinners he meets in Hell. Virgil sometimes tells Dante off for this. After all, if an omniscient and all-loving God has decided they're not worth pity, God, why should anyone go against divine will and feel sorry for them?
* TakeOurWordForIt: At the end of ''Paradiso'', this is how Dante describes God. Anything else would prefaces his description of God by comparing his memory to the passion one feels after a dream they can't quite remember and admits he is so inadequate at describing the glory of "the Eternal Light" into words that he might as well have been underwhelming.the tongue of an infant. Still,



* TenderTears

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* %%* TenderTears



* ThisLoserIsYou:
** Dante faints, weeps, kicks the heads of incapacitated shades, and lambastes in the narration things his character self almost immediately does.
** Also, well, there's a reason that Dante has to go through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven. See AuthorAvatar.
*** One [[EpilepticTrees theory]] of the ''Commedia'' is that Dante is contemplating suicide at the beginning of the poem. He describes himself as "lost in a dark forest," and what's the only other dark forest we see in the ''Commedia''? The circle of Hell in which suicides are transformed into barren trees.
* ToHellAndBack: Literally.

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* ThisLoserIsYou:
**
ThisLoserIsYou: The first line of the poem identifies that the poem begins "midway through the journey of '''our''' lives" as the protagonist himself becomes exactly middle-aged, making it clear he stands in for the audience. To further show his humanity in the face of his fantastic travels, Dante faints, weeps, kicks the heads of incapacitated shades, and lambastes in the narration things his character self almost immediately does.
** Also, well, there's a reason that Dante has to go through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven. See AuthorAvatar.
*** One [[EpilepticTrees theory]] of the ''Commedia'' is that Dante is contemplating suicide at the beginning of the poem. He describes himself as "lost in a dark forest," and what's the only other dark forest we see in the ''Commedia''? The circle of Hell in which suicides are transformed into barren trees.
* ToHellAndBack: Literally.Unable to confront sin and climb closer to God, Dante has the spirit of Virgil sent to him to guide him through Hell, so he may witness and understand the fullness of sin. Upon reaching the narrowest, coldest pit of Inferno, Dante and his guide climb atop the back of Satan and jump down into the core of the Earth, only to find themselves rising up onto the other side and reaching the first step of Mount Purgatory, beginning Dante's ascent to God.
19th Mar '17 8:07:29 AM MrKosta
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* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: The souls of just rulers are in the fifth sphere of heaven (Jupiter), where they unite to form the shape of a gigantic eagle.

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* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: The souls of just rulers are in the fifth Jupiter sphere of heaven (Jupiter), in Heaven, where they unite to form the shape of a gigantic eagle.
19th Mar '17 8:00:51 AM MrKosta
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Added DiffLines:

* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: The souls of just rulers are in the fifth sphere of heaven (Jupiter), where they unite to form the shape of a gigantic eagle.
9th Mar '17 8:00:46 PM DustSnitch
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''The Divine Comedy'' (''Divina Commedia'') is a [[NarrativePoem three-part epic]] by Florentine poet Durante degli Alighieri ([[Creator/DanteAlighieri Dante]]), written some time between 1308 and 1321. It describes one man's journey into the depths of {{Hell}}, up the staircase-like mountain of Purgatory, and into the spheres of {{Heaven}}. The first part, [[FireAndBrimstoneHell the Inferno]], is the best known and most often retold and alluded to in modern media. Essentially, every portrayal of Hell comes either [[WordOfDante from Dante]], its English Protestant SpiritualSuccessor ''Literature/ParadiseLost'', or a combination of the two.

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''The Divine Comedy'' (''Divina Commedia'') is a [[NarrativePoem three-part epic]] by Florentine poet Durante degli Alighieri ([[Creator/DanteAlighieri Dante]]), written some time between 1308 and 1321. It describes one man's journey into the depths of {{Hell}}, up the staircase-like mountain of Purgatory, and into the spheres of {{Heaven}}. The first part, [[FireAndBrimstoneHell {{Heaven}} while guided by the Inferno]], is poet Creator/{{Virgil}} and Dante's deceased lover, Beatrice. On his journey, Dante meets the best known and most often retold notable local politicians, historical figures, and alluded to in modern media. Essentially, every portrayal of Hell comes either [[WordOfDante from Dante]], its English Protestant SpiritualSuccessor ''Literature/ParadiseLost'', or a combination of biblical characters all across the two.
afterlife in order to better understand the spiritual journey we take in life.



''Literature/{{Inferno}}'' was a modern retelling and {{deconstruction}} from 1977 by Creator/LarryNiven and Jerry Pournelle.

Creator/GoNagai created a rather faithful manga adaptation of the first part of the story titled ''Dante Shinkyoku''.

''VideoGame/DantesInferno'' leads to the page for the VideoGame based off this work, with [[PragmaticAdaptation a few liberties taken.]]

to:

The first part, [[FireAndBrimstoneHell the Inferno]], is the best known and most often retold and alluded to in modern media, with adaptations including ''Literature/{{Inferno}}'' was a modern retelling and {{deconstruction}} from 1977 by Creator/LarryNiven and Jerry Pournelle.

Creator/GoNagai created
Pournelle, a rather faithful manga adaptation of the first part of the story titled ''Dante Shinkyoku''.

''VideoGame/DantesInferno'' leads to
Shinkyoku'' by Creator/GoNagai and the page for the VideoGame based off this work, with video game ''VideoGame/DantesInferno'', which [[PragmaticAdaptation takes a few liberties taken.]]
liberties.]]. Essentially, every portrayal of Hell comes either [[WordOfDante from Dante]], its English Protestant SpiritualSuccessor ''Literature/ParadiseLost'', or a combination of the two.
9th Mar '17 7:44:35 PM DustSnitch
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->''"Abandon all hope, ye who enter here."''

to:

\n->''"Abandon [[caption-width-right:330:Abandon all hope, ye who enter here.]]

->''"It's not just Dante's story, it's everybody's story.
"''
-->--'''Bishop Robert Barron'''
9th Mar '17 7:35:44 PM DustSnitch
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** Gay people also appear in Purgatory's circle of lust, running in the opposite direction from the rest of the crowd. So either way, [[SpaceWhaleAesop if you're gay, you're going to spend a lot of time jogging when you die]].
4th Mar '17 7:15:26 PM MrKosta
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Added DiffLines:

* HumanPopsicle: The traitors in Judecca, the last ring in the last circle of Hell, are completely entombed under the ice of Lake Cocytus, [[AndIMustScream unable to move or speak]].
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