History Literature / Heimskringla

13th Mar '16 8:52:58 AM LordGro
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* HeroicAmbidexterity:
** King Olaf Tryggvason "smote equally well with both hands and shot two spears at a time."
** The reign of the Danish governor Svein Canuteson is challenged by Tryggvi, who claims to be the son of Olaf Tryggvason and the legitimate heir to the kingdom. Svein's supporters in turn accuse him of being an impostor who is really the son of a priest. In battle, Tryggvi "shot spears with both hands at a time; he said: 'Thus my father taught me to chant!'" Nevertheless Tryggvi is vanquished.
* HeroicVow: Olaf Tryggvason announces that he will make all of Norway Christian "or else die". Later he also vows to never retreat from Svein Forkbeard, which becomes a plot point.



* HeroicVow: Olaf Tryggvason announces that he will make all of Norway Christian "or else die". Later he also vows to never retreat from Svein Forkbeard, which becomes a plot point.



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21st Sep '15 6:41:57 PM nombretomado
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''Heimskringla'' is a massive medieval history book, recounting the lives of the kings of UsefulNotes/{{Norway}} from the days when the [[NorseMythology Aesir]] dwelt among men to 1177 AD. It was written c. 1230 AD in UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}, purportedly by the most famous medieval Icelandic author, Creator/SnorriSturluson.

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''Heimskringla'' is a massive medieval history book, recounting the lives of the kings of UsefulNotes/{{Norway}} from the days when the [[NorseMythology [[Myth/NorseMythology Aesir]] dwelt among men to 1177 AD. It was written c. 1230 AD in UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}, purportedly by the most famous medieval Icelandic author, Creator/SnorriSturluson.
16th May '15 12:52:54 PM LordGro
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* YoungestChildWins: From the twenty-odd sons of Harald Finehair, it is the youngest, Håkon the Good, that finally overthrows his evil older brother Erik Bloodaxe and inherits the kingdom.

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* YoungestChildWins: From the Even before Harald Finehair's death, his twenty-odd sons begin to fight over the succession, with Harald's favorite Erik killing four of Harald Finehair, his brothers. But it is the youngest, Håkon the Good, that finally overthrows his evil older brother youngest child, Håkon, who eventually outplays Erik Bloodaxe and inherits the kingdom.
3rd Feb '15 12:01:54 PM LordGro
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[[quoteright:350:[[FlauntingYourFleets http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/KingOlafsShips_Krohg_2343.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:[[HornyVikings Those guys.]][[note]]Image is "King Olaf's wedding journey to Land's End" by Christian Krohg (1899)[[/note]] ]]

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[[quoteright:350:[[FlauntingYourFleets http://static.[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/KingOlafsShips_Krohg_2343.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:[[HornyVikings Those guys.]][[note]]Image is
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[[caption-width-right:350: [- Christian Krohg:
"King Olaf's wedding journey to Land's End" by Christian Krohg (1899)[[/note]] (1899)-] ]]



--> '''King Magnus Barelegs''', ''Heimskringla''

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--> '''King -->--'''King Magnus Barelegs''', ''Heimskringla''



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11th May '14 10:56:59 AM Eilevgmyhren
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* FairySexy: Snefrid, daughter of the local Finn chieftain, is so attractive that king Harald Finehair loses his wits completely and is about to have her on the spot. Her father denies him this, claiming that he shoult marry her first. They do, and have four sons, while Harald dismisses his other wives and almost forgets to rule his country. When Snefrid dies, he sits grieving by her side for ''three years'', while her corpse seems to be in perfect shape all the time. Until a manservant suggests changing her bedsheets. Then, the {{glamour}} collapses, the body turns foul in a moment, and has to be burned. Snorri concludes that Harald got his wits back after this, realizing he was "betrayed by the finn".

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* FairySexy: Snefrid, daughter of the local Finn chieftain, is so attractive that king Harald Finehair loses his wits completely and is about to have take her on the spot. Her father denies him this, claiming that he shoult should marry her first. They do, and have four sons, while Harald dismisses his other wives and almost forgets to rule his country. When Snefrid dies, he sits grieving by her side for ''three years'', while her corpse seems to be in perfect shape all the time. Until a manservant suggests changing her bedsheets. Then, the {{glamour}} collapses, the body turns foul in a moment, and has to be burned. Snorri concludes that Harald got his wits back after this, realizing he was "betrayed by the finn".
11th May '14 10:56:31 AM Eilevgmyhren
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Added DiffLines:

* FairySexy: Snefrid, daughter of the local Finn chieftain, is so attractive that king Harald Finehair loses his wits completely and is about to have her on the spot. Her father denies him this, claiming that he shoult marry her first. They do, and have four sons, while Harald dismisses his other wives and almost forgets to rule his country. When Snefrid dies, he sits grieving by her side for ''three years'', while her corpse seems to be in perfect shape all the time. Until a manservant suggests changing her bedsheets. Then, the {{glamour}} collapses, the body turns foul in a moment, and has to be burned. Snorri concludes that Harald got his wits back after this, realizing he was "betrayed by the finn".
** Bonus points when you realize that one of Snefrid`s sons became a sorcerer, another the great-grandfather of Harald Hardrada and eventually ancestor of the later line of Norwegian kings. What does that tell us about the later kings of Norway?
11th May '14 10:36:45 AM Eilevgmyhren
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* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Gunhild, wife of Eirik Bloodaxe. According to other sources, Gunhild was a Danish princess, and not ''that'' bad. In ''Heimskringla'', she is presented as a sorceress, daughter of a finn, and that is just the beginning of it. She is also presented this way in the ''Saga of Egill Skallagrimsson''.
** The Icelanders, especially Snorri himself (who ''also'' wrote the saga of Egill), seem to have hated her guts to a point where Snorri found it prudent to slander her good and proper.
4th Jan '14 10:29:03 AM Jói
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* LockedAwayInAMonastery: After his defeat in the Civil War, Magnus the Blind is maimed and imprisoned in a monastery.

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* LockedAwayInAMonastery: After his defeat in the Civil War, Magnus the Blind is maimed blinded and castrated and imprisoned in a monastery.
4th Aug '13 3:35:12 AM Korodzik
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[[caption-width-right:350:[[HornyVikings Those guys.]][[hottip:*:Image is "King Olaf's wedding journey to Land's End" by Christian Krohg (1899)]] ]]

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[[caption-width-right:350:[[HornyVikings Those guys.]][[hottip:*:Image ]][[note]]Image is "King Olaf's wedding journey to Land's End" by Christian Krohg (1899)]] (1899)[[/note]] ]]



''Heimskringla'' is the single most famous work of the [[Literature/TheIcelandicSagas Icelandic Kings’ Sagas]]. The title is an artifact: It was formed in 1697 from the first two words of what was, at the time, the only manuscript in existence: ''“kringla heimsins”'', meaning “the circle of the earth”.[[hottip:*:Some editions have preferred more descriptive titles like ''The Lives of the Norse Kings'', ''History of the Kings of Norway'', ''Chronicle of the Kings of Norway'' etc.]] The book consists of seventeen individual sagas, but it is internally consistent and forms a continuous narrative.

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''Heimskringla'' is the single most famous work of the [[Literature/TheIcelandicSagas Icelandic Kings’ Sagas]]. The title is an artifact: It was formed in 1697 from the first two words of what was, at the time, the only manuscript in existence: ''“kringla heimsins”'', meaning “the circle of the earth”.[[hottip:*:Some [[note]]Some editions have preferred more descriptive titles like ''The Lives of the Norse Kings'', ''History of the Kings of Norway'', ''Chronicle of the Kings of Norway'' etc.]] [[/note]] The book consists of seventeen individual sagas, but it is internally consistent and forms a continuous narrative.



* CoolBoat: The Dragon (Harald Finehair), the Long Serpent, the Short Serpent, the Crane (Olaf Tryggvason), the Iron Ram (Jarl Erik), the Bison[[hottip:*:In case you wonder, the animal in question is the European Bison or [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wisent Wisent.]] (Saint Olaf), and others.

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* CoolBoat: The Dragon (Harald Finehair), the Long Serpent, the Short Serpent, the Crane (Olaf Tryggvason), the Iron Ram (Jarl Erik), the Bison[[hottip:*:In Bison[[note]]In case you wonder, the animal in question is the European Bison or [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wisent Wisent.]] Wisent]].[[/note]] (Saint Olaf), and others.



* DevilInDisguise: A mysterious old, one-eyed, seemingly all-knowing stranger visits Olaf Tryggvason at Agdvaldsnes, and when he departs leaves behind a hunk of meat that turns out to be poisonous. The man, of course, is Odin.[[hottip:*:Snorri tells the episode in a way that leaves it ambiguous whether he believes in its factuality.]]
* DisproportionateRetribution: When a farmer kills King Dag of Sweden's pet sparrow in the town of Vörva of Reidgotaland[[hottip:*:A land that is often mentioned in Old Norse legends, but cannot be identified conclusively.]], Dag mounts a war expedition to devastate Reidgotaland and burn down the town of Vörva.

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* DevilInDisguise: A mysterious old, one-eyed, seemingly all-knowing stranger visits Olaf Tryggvason at Agdvaldsnes, and when he departs leaves behind a hunk of meat that turns out to be poisonous. The man, of course, is Odin.[[hottip:*:Snorri [[note]]Snorri tells the episode in a way that leaves it ambiguous whether he believes in its factuality.]]
[[/note]]
* DisproportionateRetribution: When a farmer kills King Dag of Sweden's pet sparrow in the town of Vörva of Reidgotaland[[hottip:*:A Reidgotaland[[note]]A land that is often mentioned in Old Norse legends, but cannot be identified conclusively.]], [[/note]], Dag mounts a war expedition to devastate Reidgotaland and burn down the town of Vörva.



* EyeScream: Harald Hardrada, as captain of the Varangian Guard, personally puts out the eyes of the deposed Emperor of Constantinople[[hottip:*:Constantine Monomachos according to ''Heimskringla'', but this is a mix-up with Michael V.]]. Magnus Sigurdson, when defeated by his uncle Harald Gilli, is blinded, thus becoming Magnus the Blind.

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* EyeScream: Harald Hardrada, as captain of the Varangian Guard, personally puts out the eyes of the deposed Emperor of Constantinople[[hottip:*:Constantine Constantinople[[note]]Constantine Monomachos according to ''Heimskringla'', but this is a mix-up with Michael V.]].V[[/note]]. Magnus Sigurdson, when defeated by his uncle Harald Gilli, is blinded, thus becoming Magnus the Blind.



* ImportantHaircut: King Harald Halfdansson vowed not to cut his hair until he ruled all of Norway. As the project took several years, he became known as Harald Shaggyhead[[hottip:*:Depending on your translation, also "Shockhead" or "Tanglehair".]]. When he had completed the task, he had his hair cut publicly, thus transforming into Harald Finehair.

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* ImportantHaircut: King Harald Halfdansson vowed not to cut his hair until he ruled all of Norway. As the project took several years, he became known as Harald Shaggyhead[[hottip:*:Depending Shaggyhead[[note]]Depending on your translation, also "Shockhead" or "Tanglehair".]].[[/note]]. When he had completed the task, he had his hair cut publicly, thus transforming into Harald Finehair.



* ModestRoyalty: When Olaf Haraldsson returns from his viking trips, he finds his stepfather King Sigurd Syr[[hottip:*:The nickname means "sow" and probably comes from him 'digging the earth' like a hog (= being a farmer).]] of Ringerike busy with farmwork. This serves to lampshade the contrast between the down-to-earth Sigurd and Olaf's high-flying ambitions.

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* ModestRoyalty: When Olaf Haraldsson returns from his viking trips, he finds his stepfather King Sigurd Syr[[hottip:*:The Syr[[note]]The nickname means "sow" and probably comes from him 'digging the earth' like a hog (= being a farmer).]] [[/note]] of Ringerike busy with farmwork. This serves to lampshade the contrast between the down-to-earth Sigurd and Olaf's high-flying ambitions.



* MoeGreeneSpecial: In battle on the coast of Wales, Magnus Barelegs kills the Norman earl Hugh the Proud[[hottip:*:Hugh of Montgomery, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury]] by shooting an arrow through his eye.

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* MoeGreeneSpecial: In battle on the coast of Wales, Magnus Barelegs kills the Norman earl Hugh the Proud[[hottip:*:Hugh Proud[[note]]Hugh of Montgomery, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury]] Shrewsbury[[/note]] by shooting an arrow through his eye.
20th Jun '13 8:36:17 PM Specialist290
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* {{Demythification}}: One of the earliest examples of this trope on record. Snorri's account tells us that the Norse gods were originally human leaders who were deified by their followers over many centuries.
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