History Literature / Heimskringla

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[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/KingOlafsShips_Krohg_2343.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:350: [- Christian Krohg: "King Olaf's wedding journey to Land's End" (1899)-] ]]

->''“A king shall stand for his country’s honour and glory, but not for long life.”''
-->--'''King Magnus Barelegs''', ''Heimskringla''

''Heimskringla'' is a massive medieval history book, recounting the lives of the kings of UsefulNotes/{{Norway}} from the days when the [[Myth/NorseMythology Aesir]] dwelt among men to 1177 AD. It was written c. 1230 AD in UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}, purportedly by the most famous medieval Icelandic author, Creator/SnorriSturluson.

In Asia, east of the Black Sea, lies the city of Asgard, home of the Aesir people and ruled by Odin, a near-invincible warlord. But when the [[AncientRome Romans]] start to conquer Asia, Odin uses his soothsaying skills and foresees that his destiny lies in the North. With many of his people, he emigrates from Asgard to carve out a new empire in the Northlands, and finally settle down in UsefulNotes/{{Sweden}}. When Odin dies, his kingdom is inherited by Njord, then by Freyr, also called Yngvi, and afterwards by Yngvi-Freyr’s descendants, the Ynglings. For twenty generations they rule Sweden, while their people worships the Aesir as gods.

But the Ynglings of Sweden come to an end through their descent into tyranny and kin-slaying, and only an exiled prince, Olaf the Tree-Feller, escapes westward, becoming the ancestor of a line of Norwegian petty kings that eventually spawns [[FounderOfTheKingdom Harald Finehair]], the man who unites Norway under his iron fist – for the love of a woman. But Harald has many sons, and it will take five generations, a hundred years of fighting and kin-slaying, and the coming of a new faith before the Norwegians learn to stand together and realize who their true enemy is: [[UsefulNotes/{{Denmark}} Those meddling Danes.]]

''Heimskringla'' is the single most famous work of the [[Literature/TheIcelandicSagas Icelandic Kings’ Sagas]]. The title is an artifact: It was formed in 1697 from the first two words of what was, at the time, the only manuscript in existence: ''“kringla heimsins”'', meaning “the circle of the earth”.[[note]]Some editions have preferred more descriptive titles like ''The Lives of the Norse Kings'', ''History of the Kings of Norway'', ''Chronicle of the Kings of Norway'' etc.[[/note]] The book consists of seventeen individual sagas, but it is internally consistent and forms a continuous narrative.

As there are very few sources on the history of Norway before it started to develop its own literature from the mid-12th century onwards, the Kings’ Sagas and especially ''Heimskringla'' for centuries formed the chief authority on Norwegian history of the UsefulNotes/TheVikingAge and the [[TheHighMiddleAges following 150-odd years]] after the [[UsefulNotes/{{Christianity}} Conversion]]. Only in the early 20th century, historians have acknowledged the artificial dimension of the sagas, and have come to see them as a mixture of fact and fiction rather, influenced by the time they were written in. From a modern perspective, it is, rather than a chronicle, a narrative moving from pseudohistory through {{historical fiction}} to history. Of course, at the time the book was written, there existed no formal distinction between these genres, as in Old Norse, ''saga'' can mean "history" as much as "story".

The climax and centrepiece of ''Heimskringla'' -- making up a third of the whole book -- is the saga of Saint Olaf, otherwise known as Olaf Haraldsson "the Stout", who, as the central figure of the Conversion, and supposedly restitutor of Harald Finehair’s kingdom, was by the 13th century considered Norway’s {{patron saint}} and national hero. Other high points that stand out and are sometimes published separately are the sagas of Olaf Tryggvason, Saint Olaf’s spiritual predecessor, and Harald Hardrada, whose ambitions to subdue England ended sordidly in 1066 on the battlefield of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire.

''Heimskringla'' ends rather abruptly in 1177, when a young King Magnus Erlingsson triumphed over the rebellious Birkebeinar (“Birchlegs”); this could be mere coincidence, but it is quite likely that ''Heimskringla'' was consciously devised as a {{prequel}} to ''Sverrir’s Saga'', which begins just where ''Heimskringla'' ends. So if you wanted to, you could start reading ''Heimskringla'', move on to ''Sverrir’s Saga'', then to the long version of ''Saga of the Baglers'' and finally the ''Saga of Hakon Hakonsson the Old'', and thus read a continuous history of medieval Norway from the TimeOfMyths to 1263 AD.

The 1907 translation of ''Heimskringla'' can be read online: [[http://omacl.org/Heimskringla/ here]] or [[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Heimskringla here]].

to:

[[quoteright:350:http://static.[[quoteright:200:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/KingOlafsShips_Krohg_2343.org/pmwiki/pub/images/trucos_Fossil_Fighters_DS-825_9874.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:350: [- Christian Krohg: "King Olaf's wedding journey to Land's End" (1899)-] ]]

->''“A king shall stand for his country’s honour
->''"Awaken an era."''
[[caption-width-right:200:Can you dig it?]]

A {{Mons}} series from Creator/{{Nintendo}}
and glory, but not for long life.”''
-->--'''King Magnus Barelegs''', ''Heimskringla''

''Heimskringla''
Creator/RedEntertainment, ''Fossil Fighters'' (''Kaseki Horider'', or "Fossil Hunters", in Japan) is a massive medieval history book, recounting collection Mon RPG/paleontology sim series for the lives DS and 3DS.

On the tropical Vivosaur island, the Richmond archaeological foundation has built a fantastic resort. Using the brilliance of Dr. Diggins, they have developed a process to revive dead animals from fossil fragments. ([[Film/JurassicPark Sound familiar?]]) As a side-effect of this process, the dead animals are not complete copies
of the kings creatures they originally were in life--they gain unusual appearances and best of UsefulNotes/{{Norway}} from all--superpowers. Vivosaur Island has become a playground for the days when the [[Myth/NorseMythology Aesir]] dwelt among men to 1177 AD. It was written c. 1230 AD in UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}, purportedly by the most famous medieval Icelandic author, Creator/SnorriSturluson.

In Asia, east of the Black Sea, lies the city of Asgard, home of the Aesir people and ruled by Odin, a near-invincible warlord. But when the [[AncientRome Romans]] start to conquer Asia, Odin uses his soothsaying skills and foresees that his destiny lies
rich where wealthy young dinosaur fanatics can revive extinct animals in the North. With many form of superpowered monsters and fight them against each other for glory and fame.

Like most games, this one stars a [[KidHero young boy]] (or girl, starting with the second game) who aspires ToBeAMaster. You hunt fossils, battle other fans, and raise in the ranks, with the help
of his people, he emigrates from Asgard to carve out a new empire in the Northlands, and finally settle down in UsefulNotes/{{Sweden}}. When Odin dies, his kingdom is inherited by Njord, then by Freyr, also called Yngvi, and afterwards by Yngvi-Freyr’s descendants, the Ynglings. For twenty generations they rule Sweden, while their people worships the Aesir as gods.

friends. But the Ynglings island is lousy with groups of Sweden come to an end through their descent into tyranny fossil thieves and kin-slaying, and only an exiled prince, Olaf general schemers who, naturally, want to TakeOverTheWorld.

Games in
the Tree-Feller, escapes westward, becoming the ancestor of series:
* ''Fossil Fighters'' (''Bokura wa Kaseki Horider'', or "We Are Fossil Hunters", in Japan), 2008 JP/2009 US Nintendo DS
* ''Fossil Fighters: Champions'' (''Super Kaseki Horider'', or "Super Fossil Hunters" in Japan), 2010 JP/2011 US Nintendo DS: This game features improved, [[CelShaded cel-shaded graphics]] (with FMV cutscenes),
a line of Norwegian petty kings that eventually spawns [[FounderOfTheKingdom Harald Finehair]], the man who unites Norway under his iron fist – for the love of female player character, a woman. But Harald has many sons, and it will take five generations, a hundred years of fighting and kin-slaying, revamped movement system, new islands, new villains, and the coming of a ability to Super Revive certain Vivosaurs into evolved forms.
* ''Fossil Fighters: Frontier'' (''Kaseki Horider Mugengear'', or "Fossil Hunters Infinite Gear" in Japan), 2014 JP/2015 US Nintendo 3DS: The
new faith before the Norwegians learn to stand together and realize who their true enemy is: [[UsefulNotes/{{Denmark}} Those meddling Danes.]]

''Heimskringla'' is the single most famous work of the [[Literature/TheIcelandicSagas Icelandic Kings’ Sagas]]. The
feature for this title is an artifact: It was formed in 1697 from the first two words of what was, at the time, the only manuscript ability to fight wild Vivosaurs and to drive around in existence: ''“kringla heimsins”'', meaning “the circle of the earth”.[[note]]Some editions have preferred more descriptive titles like ''The Lives of the Norse Kings'', ''History of the Kings of Norway'', ''Chronicle of the Kings of Norway'' etc.[[/note]] customizable vehicles. The book consists of seventeen individual sagas, but it is internally consistent and forms a continuous narrative.

As there are very few sources on the history of Norway before it started to develop its own literature from the mid-12th century onwards, the Kings’ Sagas and especially ''Heimskringla'' for centuries formed the chief authority on Norwegian history of the UsefulNotes/TheVikingAge and the [[TheHighMiddleAges following 150-odd years]] after the [[UsefulNotes/{{Christianity}} Conversion]]. Only in the early 20th century, historians have acknowledged the artificial dimension of the sagas, and have come to see them as a mixture of fact and fiction rather, influenced by the time they were written in. From a modern perspective, it is, rather than a chronicle, a narrative moving from pseudohistory through {{historical fiction}} to history. Of course, at the time the book was written, there existed no formal distinction between these genres, as in Old Norse, ''saga'' can mean "history" as much as "story".

The climax and centrepiece of ''Heimskringla'' -- making up a third of the whole book -- is the saga of Saint Olaf, otherwise known as Olaf Haraldsson "the Stout", who, as the central figure of the Conversion, and supposedly restitutor of Harald Finehair’s kingdom, was by the 13th century considered Norway’s {{patron saint}} and national hero. Other high points that stand out and are sometimes published separately are the sagas of Olaf Tryggvason, Saint Olaf’s spiritual predecessor, and Harald Hardrada, whose ambitions to subdue England ended sordidly in 1066 on the battlefield of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire.

''Heimskringla'' ends rather abruptly in 1177, when a young King Magnus Erlingsson triumphed over the rebellious Birkebeinar (“Birchlegs”); this could be mere coincidence, but it is quite likely that ''Heimskringla'' was consciously devised as a {{prequel}} to ''Sverrir’s Saga'', which begins just where ''Heimskringla'' ends. So if you wanted to, you could start reading ''Heimskringla'', move on to ''Sverrir’s Saga'', then to the long version of ''Saga of the Baglers'' and finally the ''Saga of Hakon Hakonsson the Old'', and thus read a continuous history of medieval Norway from the TimeOfMyths to 1263 AD.

The 1907 translation of ''Heimskringla'' can be read online: [[http://omacl.org/Heimskringla/ here]] or [[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Heimskringla here]].
combat system has also been entirely overhauled.



!!Tropes in ''Heimskringla'':

* AbsurdlySharpBlade: Hakon the Good once cleaved a millstone half in two with his sword Quernbiter (hence the name).
* AgeWithoutYouth: King Aun/Ani of Sweden prolongs his life by sacrificing his sons to Odin, even though he becomes increasingly decrepit nevertheless.
* ArchEnemy:
** Svein Forkbeard to Olaf Tryggvason, Canute the Great to Saint Olaf. Generally, Denmark under the Knytlings towards Norway.
** Olaf the Holy and Olof Skötkonung of Sweden. Olof the Swede hates Olaf with such a passion that everyone in his vicinity is forced to refer to the Norwegian king as "The fat man". After a long pointless war and a {{the reason you suck speech}} from [[BadassGrandpa Torgny the Lawspeaker ]], Olof is forced by the people at the thing to make peace with Norway. Olof promises to do so, but needless to say he breaks this promise too, and is promptly dethroned for it.
* AwesomeMomentOfCrowning: The crowning of Magnus Erlingson, the first crowning ceremony held in Norway.
* BadassArmy: The Jomsvikings who invade Norway in the reign of Jarl Håkon. The same story is told more in detail ([[PerspectiveFlip and from the opposite perspective]]) in ''Literature/SagaOfTheJomsvikings''.
* BadassCreed: Magnus Barelegs' creed “A king shall stand for his country's honour and glory, but not for long life.”
* BadassPreacher: The Saxon priest Thangbrand, who was sent as a missionary to Iceland and “was the death of three men before he returned”.
* BanOnMagic: Having been taught magic by the Aesir, the Swedes eventually realize that magic makes everything too easy and thus, men are becoming too soft. So they make a law that only women are allowed to learn magic.
* TheBard: Snorri relied extensively on the works of the skalds, i.e. the court poets of old. Some of these skalds play active parts in the narrative, such as Thorbjorn Hornklofi in the "Saga of Harald Finehair", Hallfred the Troublesome in "Saga of Olaf Tryggvason", Eyvind Skaldaspiller in "Saga of Hakon the Good", Sighvat the Skald in "Saga of Saint Olaf", and several others.
* BetterToDieThanBeKilled:
** King Ingjald of Sweden and his daughter Asa, who burn themselves in their hall rather than facing their enemy Ivar Widefathom in battle.
** When the Battle of Svold is lost, Olaf Tryggvason jumps overboard rather than letting himself be captured.
* TheCasanova: According to ''Heimskringla'', Harald Finehair produced at least 23 children with six women.
* TheConqueror: Harald Finehair, who conquers all of Norway, Orkney and Shetland. Also Magnus Barelegs with his plan to carve out a colonial empire on the British Isles, but his campaigns of conquest are cut short when he falls into an ambush in Ireland.
* ChasedByAngryNatives: "Saga of Saint Olaf" relates how a party of Norwegians loots a sanctuary of the god Jomali in Bjarmaland on the White Sea Coast. When they rob the precious collar worn by the statue of Jomali, the Bjarmians are mysteriously alerted, leading to the Norwegians getting chased back to their ships by the angry locals and escaping by a hair's breadth.
* CivilWar: The outdated succession laws (which allowed every son of a king to claim the royal title) lead to the outbreak of the long and bloody Norwegian Civil Wars, starting with Magnus Sigurdsson's attack on his uncle Harald Gille in 1134. They form the main theme of ''Heimskringla'''s later parts and were still not wholly over when the book was written.
* ConspicuousConsumption: During his stay in Constantinople, Sigurd the Crusader has his horse shoed with gold and orders a fire to be fueled with walnuts, for no other reason than to impress the Greeks.
* ConspicuouslyPublicAssassination: Ivar the White murders Jarl Ulf in church while the latter is waiting for Mass to begin, then walks away unhindered.
* CoolBoat: The Dragon (Harald Finehair), the Long Serpent, the Short Serpent, the Crane (Olaf Tryggvason), the Iron Ram (Jarl Erik), the Bison[[note]]In case you wonder, the animal in question is the European Bison or [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wisent Wisent]].[[/note]] (Saint Olaf), and others.
* {{Demythification}}: One of the earliest examples of this trope on record. Snorri's account tells us that the Norse gods were originally human leaders who were deified by their followers over many centuries.
* DevilInDisguise: A mysterious old, one-eyed, seemingly all-knowing stranger visits Olaf Tryggvason at Agdvaldsnes, and when he departs leaves behind a hunk of meat that turns out to be poisonous. The man, of course, is Odin.[[note]]Snorri tells the episode in a way that leaves it ambiguous whether he believes in its factuality.[[/note]]
* DisproportionateRetribution: When a farmer kills King Dag of Sweden's pet sparrow in the town of Vörva of Reidgotaland[[note]]A land that is often mentioned in Old Norse legends, but cannot be identified conclusively.[[/note]], Dag mounts a war expedition to devastate Reidgotaland and burn down the town of Vörva.
* DreamingOfThingsToCome: Several, but most importantly the dream of Queen Ragnhild, which symbolically foretells the history of the Kingdom of Norway.
* DrowningPit: After inviting a bunch of sorcerers to a NastyParty, Olaf Tryggvason has them tied up and marooned at low tide on a skerry that is submerged at high tide.
* TheEmpire: The expansive Danish empire under the Knytling kings Harald Gormsson, Svein Forkbeard and Canute the Great, always trying to subdue Norway.
* EngagementChallenge: Princess Gyda of Hordaland makes it a condition that she will only marry Harald Finehair if he rules all of Norway. Within ten years, Harald fulfills the challenge.
* EpicCatalog: The Saga of Olaf Tryggvason lists part of the crew of the Long Serpent, Olaf 's flagship; no less than 42 names.
* EthnicMagician: "Finns" (by which the book means: Sami) are sorcerers, no exceptions.
* EvilMatriarch: Queen Gunhild Mother-of-Kings, wife of Erik Bloodaxe and the mastermind behind her sons Harald Greyfur and his brothers.
* EvilUncle: Inverted with Håkon the Good and his nephews, the sons of Erik Bloodaxe. The just and popular Håkon has supplanted his tyrannical brother Erik compliant to the will of the people, and his rule is challenged by the sons of Erik who are just as evil as their father.
* ExcessiveMourning: When Harald Finehair's Sami wife Snaefrid dies, her body does not decompose, and Harald sits at her deathbed for three years because he thinks she might come to life again, in the meantime neglecting all affairs of government. Finally Harald's advisor Thorleif suggests changing Snaefrid's bedsheets; as soon as the corpse is raised, it turns rotten. Harald has it burnt on a pyre and stops mourning.
* EyeScream: Harald Hardrada, as captain of the Varangian Guard, personally puts out the eyes of the deposed Emperor of Constantinople[[note]]Constantine Monomachos according to ''Heimskringla'', but this is a mix-up with Michael V[[/note]]. Magnus Sigurdson, when defeated by his uncle Harald Gilli, is blinded, thus becoming Magnus the Blind.
* FairySexy: Snefrid, daughter of the local Finn chieftain, is so attractive that king Harald Finehair loses his wits completely and is about to take her on the spot. Her father denies him this, claiming that he should marry her first. They do, and have four sons, while Harald dismisses his other wives and almost forgets to rule his country.
* FalseFriend: Jarl Håkon to Gold-Harald.
* AFateWorseThanDeath: Captured by his rival Harald Gilli, Magnus Sigurdson is maimed, blinded, castrated, and LockedAwayInAMonastery.
* FisherKing: In accordance with the ancient belief that the richness of the harvests are determined by the king's personal favour with the gods, the tyrannical rule of Harald Greyfur and his brothers causes a famine in Norway, while the harvests under Jarl Håkon, a devoted worshipper of the Aesir, are excellent. Curiously, the Christian Snorri seems to back up this intrinsically pagan idea.
* FlauntingYourFleets: When approaching Constantinople, Sigurd the Crusader makes all the ships of his fleet sail alongside each other in a single file, thus to make a greater impression on the Greeks.
* FlayingAlive: The fate of the pretender Sigurd Slembe.
* FounderOfTheKingdom: Harald Finehair.
* GodSaveUsFromTheQueen: Gunhild Mother-of-Kings, wife of Erik Bloodaxe, is a sorceress and, after Erik's death, the mastermind behind her sons, who establish an oppressive regime over Norway.
* GoodIsNotNice: Magnus the Good is not exactly a nice guy -- rather, a warrior king who pursues an aggressive expansionism.
* GoodIsNotSoft: Håkon the Good, the most popular of all Kings of Norway, but also the greatest warrior and best fighter of them all.
* TheGoodKing: Håkon the Good -- obviously. Whether you think Magnus the Good is this trope is more doubtful, due to ValuesDissonance. King Eystein Magnusson is also a really nice guy.
* HeroAntagonist: Jarl Erik to Olaf Tryggvason. Even though he allies with the Danes and (initially) opposes Christianity, he is morally faultless, as Olaf killed Erik's father and brother, and avenging them would be a duty for any son or brother.
* HeroicAmbidexterity:
** King Olaf Tryggvason "smote equally well with both hands and shot two spears at a time."
** The reign of the Danish governor Svein Canuteson is challenged by Tryggvi, who claims to be the son of Olaf Tryggvason and the legitimate heir to the kingdom. Svein's supporters in turn accuse him of being an impostor who is really the son of a priest. In battle, Tryggvi "shot spears with both hands at a time; he said: 'Thus my father taught me to chant!'" Nevertheless Tryggvi is vanquished.
* HeroicVow: Olaf Tryggvason announces that he will make all of Norway Christian "or else die". Later he also vows to never retreat from Svein Forkbeard, which becomes a plot point.
* HeroOfAnotherStory: Hrolf the Walker is outlawed by Harald Finehair for pillaging in Norway, and thus sets sail to fight in France, where he becomes Rollo, the founder of Normandie.
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Gunhild, wife of Eirik Bloodaxe. According to other sources, Gunhild was a Danish princess, and not ''that'' bad. In ''Heimskringla'', she is presented as a sorceress, daughter of a finn, and that is just the beginning of it. She is also presented this way in the ''Saga of Egill Skallagrimsson''.
** The Icelanders, especially Snorri himself (who ''also'' wrote the saga of Egill), seem to have hated her guts to a point where Snorri found it prudent to slander her good and proper.
* HonourBeforeReason:
** Harald Greyfur sails to Denmark on Harald Gormsson's invitation even though he realizes it is an ObviousTrap.
** Olaf Tryggvason refuses to retreat from superior numbers when he is waylaid by Svein Forkbeard and his allies at the island of Svold.
* HorribleJudgeOfCharacter: Gold-Harald seems to think Jarl Håkon is his best friend, even though the latter only manipulates him to his own advantage, and in the end kills him without qualms.
* HumanPincushion: The Birchleg rebel that sneaks into King Magnus Erlingson's camp right after the Battle of Re and attempts to kill him. He fails, "and then weapons were so thick round the Birchleg that he could hardly fall down."
-->''"They then saw that he dragged his guts after him over the floor and [[WorthyOpponent the man's hardiness was much praised.]]"''
* HumanSacrifice: When ancient Sweden is afflicted with a severe drought, the Swedes turn to sacrificing humans. When it doesn't help, they resolve to sacrifice their King Domaldi, and this helps.-- Also, King Aun of Sweden sacrifices his sons to Odin to prolong his life.
* HundredPercentAdorationRating: Håkon the Good is so popular that “both friends and foes wept over his death and said that never again would such a good king come to Norway.”
* IdenticalGrandson: Thorgnyr Thorgnyson, Lawspeaker of Sweden, all of whose forefathers have been lawspeakers before him. There is another Thorgnyr the Lawspeaker in "Literature/TheTaleOfStyrbjorn" who is either the father or grandfather of ''Heimskringla'''s Thorgnyr -- both are more or less the same character: An old and wise authority figure that defends the rights of the farmers against the overbearance of the kings.
* ImmortalityImmorality: King Aun a.k.a. Ani of Sweden one by one sacrifices nine of his sons to Odin to prolong his life. When he is about to sacrifice his tenth and last son, the Swedes stop him, causing him to die, two hundred years old.
* ImportantHaircut: King Harald Halfdansson vowed not to cut his hair until he ruled all of Norway. As the project took several years, he became known as Harald Shaggyhead[[note]]Depending on your translation, also "Shockhead" or "Tanglehair".[[/note]]. When he had completed the task, he had his hair cut publicly, thus transforming into Harald Finehair.
* TheKingdom: Norway.
* LastOfHerKind: Freyja is the last of the Aesir to die, outliving Odin, Njord, and her brother Freyr.
* LastStand: Erik Bloodaxe's last battle at Stainmore in England, Harald Greyfur's death in a Danish ambush at Limfjord in Denmark, Olaf Tryggvason in the naval battle of Svold.
* LockedAwayInAMonastery: After his defeat in the Civil War, Magnus the Blind is blinded and castrated and imprisoned in a monastery.
* TheLowMiddleAges: A medieval history of Norway spanning from the TimeOfMyths to the HighMiddleAges.
* MadeASlave: The child Olaf Tryggvason is captured by Estonian vikings and spends seven years as a slave in Estonia.
* ModestRoyalty: When Olaf Haraldsson returns from his viking trips, he finds his stepfather King Sigurd Syr[[note]]The nickname means "sow" and probably comes from him 'digging the earth' like a hog (= being a farmer).[[/note]] of Ringerike busy with farmwork. This serves to lampshade the contrast between the down-to-earth Sigurd and Olaf's high-flying ambitions.
-->''He was not fond of display and he was rather a man of few words.''
* MoeGreeneSpecial: In battle on the coast of Wales, Magnus Barelegs kills the Norman earl Hugh the Proud[[note]]Hugh of Montgomery, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury[[/note]] by shooting an arrow through his eye.
* MutualKill: Alrek and Erik, the sons of King Agni of Sweden, strike each other dead with horse bridles quarreling over a horserace. The same way, Alrek's sons Yngvi and Alf inflict lethal wounds on each other when Alf's jealousy induces him to attack Yngvi.
* NamedWeapon: Hel, Saint Olaf's battle-axe, later wielded by his son Magnus. Quernbiter, the sword of Håkon the Good. Then, there's Harald Hardrada's mail armor called ... ''Emma''.
* NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast: Erik Bloodaxe.
* NastyParty: Many of them. "Invite them for a feast, get them sloshed, then set fire to the house while they are snoring and bar the exits" is a standard method to get rid of enemies in ''Heimskringla'', and even lauded rulers like Olaf Tryggvason and Saint Olaf are allowed to use it. The unsurpassed master of this trope is, however, Ingjald Ill-ruler, the last Yngling king of Sweden, who, over the course of his life, kills twelve other kings, most of the Swedish aristocracy and finally ''himself'', together with all his unsuspecting followers, in this way.
* NauticalKnockout: When his enemy King Skjöld of Varna makes a magical wind, King Eystein of Vestfold is swept overboard by a sail boom and drowns.
* NeverFoundTheBody: Olaf Tryggvason's body was not recovered after he jumped into the sea at the Battle of Svold, leading to rumors that he was still alive.
* NiceGuy: King Eystein. Even cares for lovesick bodyguards!
* NonActionGuy: Olaf Kyrre (the Peaceful) and Eystein Magnusson.
* ThePatriarch: Harald Finehair, courtesy of his 23 children. He is, of course, the patriarch for all kings in the Norwegian line of kings down to the end of Heimskringla, but by extention, he is reckoned to be the ancestor of ''almost every Norwegian'' who can trace a linear ancestry in the country further back than 250 years (that is quite a good percent).
* PatronSaint: Olaf Haraldsson is promoted to Saint Olaf after his death.
* RatedMForManly
* RewardedAsATraitorDeserves: The slave Kark is enticed by Olaf Tryggvason's promises of rewards to murder his master Jarl Håkon; but when he brings Håkon's head to Olaf, the latter has him decapitated.
* RightInFrontOfMe: The English rider that negotiates with Earl Tostig and Harald Hardrada before the Battle of Stamford Bridge is, as Harald learns later, King Harold Godwinson himself.
* SketchySuccessor: Arrogant, greedy, and stupid Magnus Sigurdson (later Magnus the Blind) to his father, the famous war-hero Sigurd the Crusader. Magnus' shortcomings are instrumental in triggering the CivilWar after Sigurd's death.
* SoulsavingCrusader: Olaf Tryggvason and Saint Olaf, the two missionary kings.
* TheSouthpaw: Olaf Tryggvason fights equally well with both hands.
* TotalEclipseOfThePlot: Upon the death of Saint Olaf in the battle of Stiklestad, the sun eclipses.
* TrapIsTheOnlyOption: Even though he is aware that it is most likely a trap, Harald Greyfur is too proud to decline Harald Gormsson's invitation, and thus sails to Denmark where he is promptly ambushed.
* UndignifiedDeath: King Fjölnir of Sweden, son of Freyr, drowns in a vat of mead after a night of boozing with King Frode of Denmark.
* UntranslatedTitle: The book's original title, if it had one, is unknown, but ''"Heimskringla"'' has stuck. Alternative titles, like ''Lives of the Kings of Norway'' or something similar, are sometimes used, but the book is never called ''"The Circle of the Earth"''.
* UnwittingPawn: Poor Gold-Harald is manipulated by his cousin Harald Gormsson to off Harald Greyfur, then sold out by him to his own FalseFriend Jarl Hakon.
* VikingFuneral: The funeral of King Haki of Sweden in "Ynglinga Saga" is a textbook example.
* VillainousValour: Displayed by Erik Bloodaxe, Harald Greyfur, and Harald Hardrada in their respective {{Last Stand}}s.
* VillainProtagonist: While most of the kings are on the morally ambivalent side, and, due to ValuesDissonance some may appear as villains that were never intended to be such, this trope is nowhere more prevalent than in the saga of Harald Hardrada.
* WarriorPoet: Harald Hardrada likes to compose poetry.
* WarriorPrince: Most of them, in accord with the customs of the times -- it is much easier to list the kings that are {{Non Action Guy}}s.
* WeatherOfWar: During the naval battle of Hjörunga Bay, a hailstorm arises that is instrumental in turning the battle against the Jomsvikings and securing the Norwegians' victory.
* WonTheWarLostThePeace: Harald Hardrada fails in subduing Denmark, even though he is mostly victorious in battle with his rival Svein Estridsson, because Svein is popular with the Danes while they [[SarcasmMode curiously]] loathe Harald just the more the more he attacks them. The trope is later lampshaded by Earl Tostig in conversation with Harald.
* WorthyOpponent: Harold Godwinson to Harald Hardrada, Jarl Erik to Olaf Tryggvason.
* YoungestChildWins: Even before Harald Finehair's death, his twenty-odd sons begin to fight over the succession, with Harald's favorite Erik killing four of his brothers. But it is the youngest child, Håkon, who eventually outplays Erik and inherits the kingdom.

to:

!!Tropes !! This game provides examples of:

* AbsentMindedProfessor: Dr. Diggins
in ''Heimskringla'':

* AbsurdlySharpBlade: Hakon
the Good once cleaved a millstone half first game, Professor Scatterly in two with his sword Quernbiter (hence ''Champions''.
* AbsurdlyLowLevelCap: In
the name).
* AgeWithoutYouth: King Aun/Ani
first game, it's set surprisingly low at just twelve, and you can get as high as rank eight by fossil cleaning alone (''ten'' if you get a full set of Sweden prolongs his life by sacrificing his sons rare red fossils). The second game ups the cap to Odin, even 20, though he becomes increasingly decrepit nevertheless.
* ArchEnemy:
** Svein Forkbeard
viviosaurs gain stats more slowly to Olaf Tryggvason, Canute the Great to Saint Olaf. Generally, Denmark under the Knytlings towards Norway.
** Olaf the Holy and Olof Skötkonung of Sweden. Olof the Swede hates Olaf
go with such a passion that everyone in his vicinity is forced to refer to the Norwegian king as "The fat man". After a long pointless war and a {{the reason you suck speech}} from [[BadassGrandpa Torgny the Lawspeaker ]], Olof is forced by the people at the thing to make peace with Norway. Olof promises to do so, but needless to say he breaks this promise too, and is promptly dethroned for it.
* AwesomeMomentOfCrowning: AcceptableHobbyTargets: InUniverse. The crowning of Magnus Erlingson, the first crowning ceremony held in Norway.
* BadassArmy: The Jomsvikings who invade Norway in the reign of Jarl Håkon. The same story is told more in detail ([[PerspectiveFlip and from the opposite perspective]]) in ''Literature/SagaOfTheJomsvikings''.
* BadassCreed: Magnus Barelegs' creed “A king shall stand for his country's honour and glory, but not for long life.”
* BadassPreacher: The Saxon priest Thangbrand, who was sent as a missionary to Iceland and “was the death of
three men before he returned”.
* BanOnMagic: Having been taught magic by the Aesir, the Swedes eventually realize that magic makes everything too easy and thus, men are becoming too soft. So they make a law that only women are allowed to learn magic.
* TheBard: Snorri relied extensively on the works
commanders of the skalds, i.e. Barebones Brigade? They're a hipster, a hippie, and a metalhead. The game especially has fun taking potshots at Cole, the court poets hipster, and Todd remarks that it's no wonder everyone was so terrified of old. Some of these skalds play active parts in the narrative, him.
** [[spoiler: It's later {{deconstructed}}. The fact that they were
such as Thorbjorn Hornklofi in the "Saga of Harald Finehair", Hallfred the Troublesome in "Saga of Olaf Tryggvason", Eyvind Skaldaspiller in "Saga of Hakon the Good", Sighvat the Skald in "Saga of Saint Olaf", and several others.
* BetterToDieThanBeKilled:
** King Ingjald of Sweden and his daughter Asa, who burn
acceptable targets meant [[FriendlessBackground no one wanted to have anything to do with them]], meaning they desperately attached themselves in their hall rather than facing their enemy Ivar Widefathom in battle.
** When
to the Battle first charismatic figure who appeared to them and had no trouble [[WhosLaughingNow turning on those who mocked them]]. But it's also why, despite the fact that they were used, they can't stay mad at said figure--they know he tried to do what he thought was right, and they were ecstatic that they'd been shown ''any'' [[BecauseYouWereNiceToMe kindness at all]].]]
* AdventurerArchaeologist: Nevada Montecarlo, who is a DarkSkinnedRedhead version
of Svold is lost, Olaf Tryggvason jumps overboard rather than letting himself be captured.[[Franchise/TombRaider Lara Croft]] (with Franchise/IndianaJones' whip).
** ''Champions'' has an even more direct CaptainErsatz of Franchise/IndianaJones called Joe Wildwest.
* AllNaturalGemPolish: Everything you find in the Jewel Rocks.

* TheCasanova: According to ''Heimskringla'', Harald Finehair produced at least 23 children with six women.
AncientAstronauts: [[spoiler:The dinaurians.]]
* TheConqueror: Harald Finehair, who conquers all of Norway, Orkney and Shetland. Also Magnus Barelegs with his plan to carve out a colonial empire on the British Isles, but his campaigns of conquest are cut short when he falls into an ambush in Ireland.
* ChasedByAngryNatives: "Saga of Saint Olaf" relates how a party of Norwegians loots a sanctuary of the god Jomali in Bjarmaland on the White Sea Coast. When they rob the precious collar worn by the statue of Jomali, the Bjarmians are mysteriously alerted, leading to the Norwegians getting chased back to their ships by the angry locals and escaping by a hair's breadth.
* CivilWar:
AndYourRewardIsClothes: The outdated succession laws (which allowed every son first two games include a series of a king to claim the royal title) lead to the outbreak of the long and bloody Norwegian Civil Wars, starting with Magnus Sigurdsson's attack on his uncle Harald Gille in 1134. They form the main theme of ''Heimskringla'''s later parts and were still not wholly over when the book was written.
* ConspicuousConsumption: During his stay in Constantinople, Sigurd the Crusader has his horse shoed with gold and orders a fire to be fueled with walnuts, for no other reason than to impress the Greeks.
* ConspicuouslyPublicAssassination: Ivar the White murders Jarl Ulf in church while the latter is waiting for Mass to begin, then walks away unhindered.
* CoolBoat: The Dragon (Harald Finehair), the Long Serpent, the Short Serpent, the Crane (Olaf Tryggvason), the Iron Ram (Jarl Erik), the Bison[[note]]In case you wonder, the animal in question is the European Bison or [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wisent Wisent]].[[/note]] (Saint Olaf), and others.
* {{Demythification}}: One of the earliest examples of this trope on record. Snorri's account tells us
masks that your character can collect and wear.
* AgentPeacock: Ryne from
the Norse gods were originally human leaders who were deified by their followers over many centuries.
* DevilInDisguise: A mysterious old, one-eyed, seemingly all-knowing stranger visits Olaf Tryggvason at Agdvaldsnes, and when he departs leaves behind a hunk of meat that turns out to be poisonous. The man, of course, is Odin.[[note]]Snorri tells
''Champions'' DLC. He wears the episode in a way that leaves it ambiguous whether he believes in its factuality.[[/note]]
* DisproportionateRetribution: When a farmer kills King Dag of Sweden's pet sparrow
only pink Brigade suit in the town of Vörva of Reidgotaland[[note]]A land that is often mentioned in Old Norse legends, but cannot be identified conclusively.[[/note]], Dag mounts a war expedition to devastate Reidgotaland game and burn down draws attention to himself because of it. But he is also the town of Vörva.
* DreamingOfThingsToCome: Several, but most importantly
first character in the dream of Queen Ragnhild, which symbolically foretells the history of the Kingdom of Norway.
* DrowningPit: After inviting a bunch of sorcerers
franchise to a NastyParty, Olaf Tryggvason has them tied up and marooned at low tide on a skerry that is submerged at high tide.
* TheEmpire: The expansive Danish empire under the Knytling kings Harald Gormsson, Svein Forkbeard and Canute the Great, always trying to subdue Norway.
* EngagementChallenge: Princess Gyda of Hordaland makes it a condition that she will only marry Harald Finehair if he rules all of Norway. Within ten years, Harald fulfills the challenge.
* EpicCatalog: The Saga of Olaf Tryggvason lists part of the crew of the Long Serpent, Olaf 's flagship; no less than 42 names.
* EthnicMagician: "Finns" (by which the book means: Sami) are sorcerers, no exceptions.
* EvilMatriarch: Queen Gunhild Mother-of-Kings, wife of Erik Bloodaxe and the mastermind behind her sons Harald Greyfur
actually make his own Vivosaur, discounting [[spoiler: Zongazonga and his brothers.
[[PurpleIsTheNewBlack purple evil]] zombiesaurs. [[WordSchmord Magic shmagic.]] [[MemeticMutation Booo!]]]]
* EvilUncle: Inverted AmbiguouslyGay: Cole in ''Champions''. It's hard to tell which parts of his campness just come from his obsession with Håkon the Good fashion, and his nephews, the sons of Erik Bloodaxe. The just and popular Håkon has supplanted his tyrannical brother Erik compliant to the will of the people, and his rule is challenged by the sons of Erik who are just as evil as their father.
* ExcessiveMourning: When Harald Finehair's Sami wife Snaefrid dies, her body does not decompose, and Harald sits at her deathbed for three years because he thinks she might
which parts come to life again, in the meantime neglecting all affairs of government. Finally Harald's advisor Thorleif suggests changing Snaefrid's bedsheets; as soon as the corpse is raised, it turns rotten. Harald has it burnt on a pyre and stops mourning.
* EyeScream: Harald Hardrada, as captain of the Varangian Guard, personally puts out the eyes of the deposed Emperor of Constantinople[[note]]Constantine Monomachos according to ''Heimskringla'', but this is a mix-up with Michael V[[/note]]. Magnus Sigurdson, when defeated by his uncle Harald Gilli, is blinded, thus becoming Magnus the Blind.
* FairySexy: Snefrid, daughter of the local Finn chieftain, is so attractive that king Harald Finehair loses his wits completely and is about to take her on the spot. Her father denies him this, claiming that he should marry her first. They do, and have four sons, while Harald dismisses his other wives and almost forgets to rule his country.
from... somewhere else.
* FalseFriend: Jarl Håkon AnnouncerChatter: In the first two games, the two announcers like to Gold-Harald.
* AFateWorseThanDeath: Captured by his rival Harald Gilli, Magnus Sigurdson is maimed, blinded, castrated, and LockedAwayInAMonastery.
* FisherKing: In accordance
prattle on with the ancient belief that the richness of the harvests are determined by the king's personal favour with the gods, the tyrannical rule of Harald Greyfur and his brothers causes a famine in Norway, while the harvests under Jarl Håkon, a devoted worshipper of the Aesir, are excellent. Curiously, the Christian Snorri seems to back up this intrinsically pagan idea.
* FlauntingYourFleets: When approaching Constantinople, Sigurd the Crusader makes all the ships of his fleet sail alongside
each other in a single file, thus about nonsensical things only tangentially related to make a greater impression on the Greeks.
battles taking place.
* FlayingAlive: The fate AntiFrustrationFeatures: ''Frontier'' cleans up some of the pretender Sigurd Slembe.
* FounderOfTheKingdom: Harald Finehair.
* GodSaveUsFromTheQueen: Gunhild Mother-of-Kings, wife of Erik Bloodaxe, is a sorceress and, after Erik's death,
issues with finding fossils in the mastermind behind her sons, who establish an oppressive regime over Norway.
* GoodIsNotNice: Magnus
field; identifying fossils on sight and allowing immediate excavations, rather than requiring the Good is not exactly a nice guy -- rather, a warrior king who pursues player to haul an aggressive expansionism.
* GoodIsNotSoft: Håkon the Good, the most popular of all Kings of Norway, but
entire inventory back to base before they even know what they have. Vivosaurs can also the greatest warrior and best fighter of them all.
* TheGoodKing: Håkon the Good -- obviously. Whether you think Magnus the Good is this trope is more doubtful, due to ValuesDissonance. King Eystein Magnusson is also a really nice guy.
* HeroAntagonist: Jarl Erik to Olaf Tryggvason. Even though he allies with the Danes and (initially) opposes Christianity, he is morally faultless, as Olaf killed Erik's father and brother, and avenging them would
be a duty for any son or brother.
* HeroicAmbidexterity:
** King Olaf Tryggvason "smote equally well with both hands and shot two spears at a time."
** The reign of the Danish governor Svein Canuteson is challenged by Tryggvi, who claims to be the son of Olaf Tryggvason and the legitimate heir to the kingdom. Svein's supporters in turn accuse him of being an impostor who is really the son of a priest. In battle, Tryggvi "shot spears with both hands at a time; he said: 'Thus my father taught me to chant!'" Nevertheless Tryggvi is vanquished.
* HeroicVow: Olaf Tryggvason announces that he will make all of Norway Christian "or else die". Later he also vows to never retreat
revived from Svein Forkbeard, which becomes a plot point.
* HeroOfAnotherStory: Hrolf the Walker is outlawed by Harald Finehair for pillaging in Norway, and thus sets sail to fight in France, where he becomes Rollo, the founder of Normandie.
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Gunhild, wife of Eirik Bloodaxe. According to other sources, Gunhild was a Danish princess, and
any fossils, not ''that'' bad. In ''Heimskringla'', she is presented as a sorceress, daughter of a finn, and that is just the beginning of it. She heads.
* ArtEvolution: ''Champions'' featured a much more detailed, and more {{Animesque}}, art style than the original's more cartoony look.
** ArtShift: [[spoiler: Rosie's icon in ''Champions''
is also presented this way in the ''Saga same style as the first game, making her stand out next to the anime-style characters from the second game.]]
** ''Fossil Fighters: Frontier'' seems to have significant change in the design of... just about everything, really.
* ArtisticLicensePaleontology: Fully justified by the fact that vivosaurs are explicitly stated to be dinosaur-''like'' creatures and not actual dinosaurs. Beyond that, it's generally averted since the creators have ShownTheirWork and keep their data as accurate as possible.
* AuthorAvatar: The first game's announcers are the game's two creators, and the idea
of Egill Skallagrimsson''.putting them in the game started out as a joke.
* AwesomeButImpractical: Many high-level vivosaurs with really high Attack or LP are devastating from the Attack Zone... but if they end up in the Support Zone somehow, they'll turn your attacker into a quivering pile of useless mush. T-Rex is a perfect example--he has the highest attack in the game and can attack all of your enemies at once, but, if he ends up in the support zone, he reduces all your attacker's stats by ''30%!''
** Zino and Centro. Every hit from them will be a critical-but their accuracy is so terrible that the rest of the team needs to be focused around buffing accuracy/evasion stats to get them to even land a hit. In other words: CriticalHitClass meets ATeamFiring.
* AwesomeMcCoolname: Joe Wildwest in ''Champions'' and Captain Stryker in ''Frontier''.
* [[BadJobWorseUniform Bad Sidequest, Worse Costume]]: So... how 'bout that Hare Club? Y'know, the one where you have to wear a bunny mask, then clean 100 fossils to 80 points or higher?
* BagOfHolding: We really have ''no'' idea how a twelve-year-old can lug around up to ''64'' fossils as long as his entire body and not get sore, esecially when some of those rocks contain an ''entire skeleton''. Justified and averted in ''Frontier'', where A) you travel by car, which can much more easily accommodate the size and weight, and B) fossils are processed automatically, so you're not even carrying them around in the first place.
* BigOlEyebrows: The samurai, with a BigOlUnibrow chaser.
* BittersweetEnding: Subverted in the first game. [[spoiler:Guhnash]] is defeated, but your partner didn't quite make it out of [[spoiler:stone sleep]]. You've saved the world, at a cost, and that's how it has to be... [[spoiler:and then the Digadig chieftain shows up and tells you to use the hip-shaker dance!!]]
* BlackAndNerdy: Dr. Diggins in the first game is a professional-grade [[Series/{{Scrubs}} blerd]]. Who's dorky enough to wear shorts and a Hawaiian shirt beneath his lab coat, no less.

** The Icelanders, especially Snorri himself (who ''also'' wrote the saga of Egill), seem to * BluntMetaphorsTrauma: It's no wonder Nick Nack mangles foreign languages so bad--he barely gets ''English!'' "I can have hated her guts to a point where Snorri found it prudent to slander her good my snacks and proper.
feet them too!"
* HonourBeforeReason:
** Harald Greyfur sails to Denmark on Harald Gormsson's invitation even though he realizes it
BodySurf: This is an ObviousTrap.
** Olaf Tryggvason refuses to retreat from superior numbers when he
how [[spoiler:Zongazonga's immortality spell]] works in ''Champions''. His latest victim is waylaid by Svein Forkbeard and his allies at actually [[spoiler:the owner of the island of Svold.
Fossil Park, Joe Wildwest.]]
* HorribleJudgeOfCharacter: Gold-Harald seems to think Jarl Håkon is his best friend, even though BonusBoss: After you beat the latter only manipulates him to his own advantage, and in final boss of the end kills him without qualms.
* HumanPincushion: The Birchleg rebel that sneaks into King Magnus Erlingson's camp
first game, almost ''every character you've fought before becomes a BonusBoss.'' Almost all of them have maxed-out teams, some of them you have to fight one right after the Battle of Re other, and attempts to kill him. He fails, "and then weapons were so thick round the Birchleg that he could hardly fall down."
-->''"They then saw that he dragged his guts after him over
prizes for beating them range from "BraggingRightsReward" to "OlympusMons." You can even take on the floor and [[WorthyOpponent the man's hardiness was much praised.]]"''
* HumanSacrifice: When ancient Sweden is afflicted with a severe drought, the Swedes turn to sacrificing humans. When it doesn't help, they resolve to sacrifice their King Domaldi, and this helps.-- Also, King Aun of Sweden sacrifices his sons to Odin to prolong his life.
* HundredPercentAdorationRating: Håkon the Good is so popular that “both friends and foes wept over his death and said that never
FinalBoss again would such a good king come to Norway.”
* IdenticalGrandson: Thorgnyr Thorgnyson, Lawspeaker of Sweden, all of whose forefathers have been lawspeakers before him. There is another Thorgnyr the Lawspeaker in "Literature/TheTaleOfStyrbjorn" who is either the father or grandfather of ''Heimskringla'''s Thorgnyr -- both are more or less the same character: An old and wise authority figure that defends the rights of the farmers against the overbearance of the kings.
* ImmortalityImmorality: King Aun a.k.a. Ani of Sweden one by one sacrifices nine of his sons to Odin to prolong his life. When he is about to sacrifice his tenth and last son, the Swedes stop him, causing him to die, two hundred years old.
* ImportantHaircut: King Harald Halfdansson vowed not to cut his hair until he ruled all of Norway. As the project took several years, he became known
as Harald Shaggyhead[[note]]Depending on your translation, also "Shockhead" or "Tanglehair".[[/note]]. When he had completed the task, he had his hair cut publicly, thus transforming into Harald Finehair.
* TheKingdom: Norway.
* LastOfHerKind: Freyja is the last of the Aesir to die, outliving Odin, Njord, and her brother Freyr.
* LastStand: Erik Bloodaxe's last battle at Stainmore in England, Harald Greyfur's death in a Danish ambush at Limfjord in Denmark, Olaf Tryggvason in the naval battle of Svold.
* LockedAwayInAMonastery: After his defeat in the Civil War, Magnus the Blind is blinded and castrated and imprisoned in a monastery.
* TheLowMiddleAges: A medieval history of Norway spanning from the TimeOfMyths to the HighMiddleAges.
* MadeASlave:
often as you like! The child Olaf Tryggvason most difficult BonusBoss fight, however, is captured by Estonian vikings and spends seven years as a slave in Estonia.
* ModestRoyalty: When Olaf Haraldsson returns from his viking trips, he finds his stepfather King Sigurd Syr[[note]]The nickname means "sow" and
probably comes from him 'digging the earth' like a hog (= being a farmer).[[/note]] of Ringerike busy with farmwork. This serves to lampshade the contrast between the down-to-earth Sigurd against [[spoiler: Dynal, Duna, and Olaf's high-flying ambitions.
-->''He was not fond of display and he was rather a man of few words.
Raptin]] ''all at once.''
* MoeGreeneSpecial: In battle on the coast of Wales, Magnus Barelegs kills the Norman earl Hugh the Proud[[note]]Hugh of Montgomery, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury[[/note]] by shooting ** There's also an arrow through his eye.
* MutualKill: Alrek and Erik, the sons of King Agni of Sweden, strike each other dead
{{Early Bird|Boss}} BonusBoss named Petey, who requires you fight him with horse bridles quarreling over a horserace. The same way, Alrek's sons Yngvi three very specific vivosaurs. If you take the time to max out said three and Alf inflict lethal wounds on each other when Alf's jealousy induces him to attack Yngvi.
* NamedWeapon: Hel, Saint Olaf's battle-axe, later wielded by his son Magnus. Quernbiter,
wait until you're near the sword of Håkon the Good. Then, there's Harald Hardrada's mail armor called ... ''Emma''.
* NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast: Erik Bloodaxe.
* NastyParty: Many of them. "Invite them for a feast, get them sloshed, then set fire to the house while they are snoring and bar the exits" is a standard method to get rid of enemies in ''Heimskringla'', and even lauded rulers like Olaf Tryggvason and Saint Olaf are allowed to use it. The unsurpassed master of this trope is, however, Ingjald Ill-ruler, the last Yngling king of Sweden, who, over the course of his life, kills twelve other kings, most
end of the Swedish aristocracy game, he's not so tough... But try him ''without'' copius LevelGrinding, and finally ''himself'', together with all his unsuspecting followers, in this way.
* NauticalKnockout: When his enemy King Skjöld of Varna makes a magical wind, King Eystein of Vestfold is swept overboard by a sail boom and drowns.
* NeverFoundTheBody: Olaf Tryggvason's body was not recovered after
he jumped into proves to be quite the sea at the Battle of Svold, leading to rumors that he was still alive.KillerRabbit.
* NiceGuy: King Eystein. Even cares ABoyAndHisX: Thanks to the player getting a sidekick, ''Frontier'' is a "Boy/Girl and his/her dinosaur" story.
* ButtBiter: A RunningGag in ''Frontier'' involves your little vivosaur sidekick chomping down on Nate's butt. In the little guy's defense, Nate is usually literally asking
for lovesick bodyguards!
* NonActionGuy: Olaf Kyrre (the Peaceful)
it by sticking his butt out and Eystein Magnusson.
taunting him.
* ThePatriarch: Harald Finehair, courtesy ButtMonkey: Rosie.
* CallARabbitASmeerp: The names have been changed to emphasize that Vivosaurs aren't really dinosaurs, and to trim down the {{Overly Long Name}}s that real dinos often have. There's a mode that gives detailed information on the animals that inspired each dinosaur.
* CanonName: The main character
of the first doesn't really have one, but Nintendo's guide suggests "Buckland", after an early paleontologist. The official mini-manga gives his 23 children. He is, of course, the patriarch name as "Hunter." The second game's protagonists, though, are [[AnimalThemeNaming Dino and Dina]].
** ''Frontier'' has nameable protagonists "Jura" and "Tria". The puns just don't stop. The canonical name
for all kings their little dino sidekick is "Nibbles".
* CardboardPrison: Only
in the Norwegian line of kings down to the end of Heimskringla, first game, but by extention, he it's exaggerated. [[PoliceAreUseless What happens in that police station is reckoned to be the ancestor of ''almost every Norwegian'' who can trace a linear ancestry anybody's guess.]]
* CelShading: ''Champions'' uses cel-shaded graphics, as well as more detailed graphics
in the country further back than 250 years (that is quite a good percent).general.
* PatronSaint: Olaf Haraldsson ChekhovsSkill: [[spoiler:The hip-shaking dance, used to revive Rosie/Duna from tainted stone sleep.]]
* [[TheChiefsDaughter The Chief's Granddaughter]]: [[spoiler:Pauleen.]]
* {{Cloudcuckoolander}}: Trip Cera in the second game. His first name [[WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs seems appropriate]].
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome: The vast majority of Vivosaurs are absent in ''Frontier'', in particular nearly all of the non-dinosaur Vivosaurs are gone, with the exception of a few pterosaurs.
* CollectorOfTheStrange: Since you can't use them to revive vivosaurs, nobody wants dropping fossils. Except Nick Nack...
** John Guano replaces him in the sequel. John's even ''weirder,'' if that's possible. He's standing not three feet away from a lady who offers dropping fossils in exchange for fossil cleaning. The only catch is, he'd have to wear the Hare Mask to join the club to do so. EveryoneHasStandards?
* CombatCommentator: In ''Fossil Fighters'', they're {{Author Avatar}}s. In ''Champions'' we have a two talking Vivosaurs. ''Frontier'' doesn't have any announcers.
* ContinuityNod:
** In ''Champions'', Pauleen
is promoted a throwback to Saint Olaf the first game's Digadig tribe. [[spoiler:You also get to fight Rosie in the post-game.]] [[spoiler:Duna, Raptin, and Dynal]] also make appearances in some bonus content.
** In ''Frontier'', the Vivosaur Island and Caliosteo Fossil Parks from the first two games get mentioned occasionally. Characters from ''Champions'' (or at least people with the same names) can show up in the in-game tournaments; one such team is Joanie, Pooch, and Tonzilla and another is Todd, Rupert, and Pauline.
* ConvectionSchmonvection: Mt. Lavaflow in the first game, and Mt. Krakanak in the second.
* CowardlyLion: Todd in ''Champions''.
* CrooksAreBetterArmed: Wanted vivosaur thief Blambeau carries around a shotgun. The [[PoliceAreUseless unarmed and largely ineffective police force]] send [[KidHero Hunter]]
after his death.
him. Thrice.
* RatedMForManly
DarkSkinnedRedhead: Nevada Montecarlo, who also likes to WhipItGood.
* RewardedAsATraitorDeserves: The slave Kark {{Deconstruction}}: Rosie can be seen as a deconstruction of TheLoad[=/=]DamselInDistress. She is enticed by Olaf Tryggvason's promises of rewards to murder his master Jarl Håkon; those things, but realizes it, and is sorry for the times when he brings Håkon's head you have to Olaf, the latter has him decapitated.
save her. After one instance she even asks if you hate her.
* RightInFrontOfMe: DefiedTrope: The English rider that negotiates final boss of ''Fossil Fighters Champions'':
-->''"Yes, well, [[BondVillainStupidity let's not waste any more time
with Earl Tostig and Harald Hardrada empty threats]] or [[JustBetweenYouAndMe the revealing of plans]], mmm?"''
* DemBones: The [=BareBones=] Brigade's boneysaurs in ''Champions''.
* DidYouJustPunchOutCthulhu: Averted. When the bad guy pulls out an {{Olympus Mon|s}}, you need to get your own
before the Battle of Stamford Bridge is, as Harald learns later, King Harold Godwinson himself.
* SketchySuccessor: Arrogant, greedy, and stupid Magnus Sigurdson (later Magnus the Blind) to his father, the famous war-hero Sigurd the Crusader. Magnus' shortcomings are instrumental in triggering the CivilWar after Sigurd's death.
* SoulsavingCrusader: Olaf Tryggvason and Saint Olaf, the two missionary kings.
* TheSouthpaw: Olaf Tryggvason fights equally well
you can properly challenge him. (Unfortunately, you can't keep it - see NoPlansNoPrototypeNoBackup below)
** However, it's later played straight
with both hands.
[[spoiler:Guhnash--apparently, all you have to do is destroy his brains. Easy-peasy.]]
** In ''Champions'' [[spoiler:The FinalBoss, Zongazonga, is pretty much exactly this. A body-snatching skull that turns into a literally on fire zombie T-Rex with giant, bloody skeleton arms coming out of it? Just send some kid with his pet dinosaurs to beat it up.]]
* TotalEclipseOfThePlot: Upon DinosaursAreDragons: The Fire-type Vivosaurs breathe fire, but remember - they're no longer Dinosaurs, they're ''[[CallARabbitASmeerp Vivosaurs]]''.
** In ''Champions'',
the death of Saint Olaf Super Revive function in the sequel plays this to the hilt, essentially morphing your Vivosaurs from dinosaur-like creatures into more draconic monsters. Also, [[spoiler:the BigBad Zongazonga literally refers to the dinosaurs as dragons in his magic chant in the penultimate battle.]]
* [[AnimalMotif Dinosaur Motif]]: In ''Champions,'' the male PC has a T-Rex motif, while the female PC has a triceratops motif.
* DiscOneFinalBoss: Frigisaur, and the leader of the BB Bandits with him.
* DiscOneFinalDungeon: Boy, isn't Mt. Lavaflow climactic! The lava! The HeelFaceTurn! The impending epic
battle of Stiklestad, between the sun eclipses.
* TrapIsTheOnlyOption: Even though he is aware that it is most likely a trap, Harald Greyfur is too proud to decline Harald Gormsson's invitation,
opposing forces of Frigisaur and thus sails Ignosaur! ...Wait, whaddiya ''mean'' half the plot threads still haven't been followed up on?
* DiscOneNuke: The Spinax you're given at the beginning of the first game is strong enough
to Denmark where he last you until endgame.
** In ''Champions'' the starters are powerful enough to last you the entire game, particularly Dimetro.
** The 'Donation Point' dinosaurs also count, particularly Compso in the first game. There's nothing to stop you from grinding all the way to him the moment you get access to your first dig-site, and his support-effects will make you basically unstoppable for the rest of the game. To a lesser degree, Stego - being the cheapest of the DP-dinosaurs, you can, again, fairly easily get all 4 parts of him, in [[RareRandomDrop 'red' quality]], for an instantly high-level 'Tank' who can solo practically anything up to late-mid-game if needs be.
** Giga Raja in Champions, which
is promptly ambushed.
* UndignifiedDeath: King Fjölnir of Sweden, son of Freyr, drowns
created by evolving Raja (available in a vat of mead after a night of boozing the first area) with King Frode of Denmark.
a gold fossil (can be found early with some dedication). Giga Raja's already powerful attacks can be bolstered by his ability to Charge-Up for a turn, causing him to hit like a meteor and deal damage exceeding the highest possible Life Points for anything in the game!
* UntranslatedTitle: DoWellButNotPerfect: In ''Champions,'' there's a man who wants your help making hard-boiled eggs in the hot springs. They need to be in there for 10 seconds ''exactly,'' and hardly a millisecond longer. However, boiling the eggs for ''9.9 seconds exactly'' is the only way to get the [[spoiler: elemental chick]] fossils. Better bring a stopwatch. Or learn how to count to 7-1.
* DownloadableContent:
**
The book's original title, if it had one, is unknown, but ''"Heimskringla"'' has stuck. Alternative titles, like ''Lives game briefly featured four of the Kings five Mysterious Egg fossils available for download on the Nintendo Channel, but they were taken down eventually. (They're still available in-game, though; it just takes longer.)
** ''Champions'' features [[OlympusMons Frigisaur and Ignosaur]] from the first game, along with sidequests from a... ''strange'' character named Ryne, and downloadable fights with [[spoiler: Duna, Raptin, and Dynal.]]
** ''Frontier'' distributed its bonus content through AR cards rather than actual downloads; including some Bone Buggys, versions
of Norway'' or something similar, Yutie in all four elements, the villains' dark vivosaurs, and some ''actual'' dinosaurs.
* DudeWheresMyRespect: Averted. The [=NPC=]s' dialogue changes to praise you as you progress through the story and ranks.
* {{Eagleland}}: The Fossil Park America in ''Frontier''. The whole place is lit up like Las Vegas, the Warden in charge is TotallyRadical and [[AmericansAreCowboys dresses like a cowboy]], and the first dig site is in a southwest canyon. To its' credit, the Starry Falls dig site is a South American jungle instead of being a US stereotype. Fossil Parks Asia and Europe aren't all that much better when it comes to cultural stereotypes.
* ElementalPowers: It turns out that the cloning process gives these to animals as a [[CursedWithAwesome side-effect]].
** BlowYouAway
** DishingOutDirt
** MakingASplash
** PlayingWithFire
** NonElemental
** InfinityPlusOneElement: "Legendary" in the first two games, though in practice these vivosaurs
are sometimes used, treated as Neutral; they just have better stats. The first game has [[spoiler:Frigisaur, Ignosaur, and all the parts of Guhnash]] and ''Champions'' has [[spoiler:Zombie Tricera, Zombie Ptera, Zombie Rex, Zombie Plesio, and Zongazonga; plust the return of Frigi and Igno]]. ''Frontier'' drops the designation.
* ElementalRockPaperScissors: Fire beats Air, which beats Earth, which beats Water, which beats Fire. Neutral has no advantages or disadvantages.
* ElvisImpersonator: Rockin' Billy from ''Champions.'' Did you catch the PunnyName?
* EverythingsBetterWithDinosaurs: Duh!
* [[EverythingsBetterWithPrincesses Everything's Better With Princessaurs]]: Maia (Maiasaurus) is a pink dinosaur with a feminine face and a princess-crown. She's also a support-skill powerhouse, the only one in the game to have both healing and anti-status-ailment skills.
* EvolutionaryLevels: [[spoiler:The Dinaurians have a devolution beam. It turns humans into "triconodonta", a ratlike mammal ancestor.]]
** The three "Transformation-Class" Vivosaurs also transform into later descendants of theirs: Guan turns into T-Rex, and Proto turns into Tricera. Aoptryx is somewhat more confusing--it can turn into ''any'' neutral-type Vivosaur. Even those that technically came before it. And even those it ''could not possibly be related to'' (Apato isn't even a ''theropod!'').
** In ''Champions'', some vivosaurs can "Super Evolve" into stronger forms.
* {{Expy}}: Pauleen in ''Champions'' has a lot in common with Rosie from the first game. In addition to being your designated female hanger-on and being surprisingly powerful for such a young age, both have bright pink TwinTails... and the same (accidental, in Rosie's case) VerbalTic.
* FeatheredFiend: Aopteryx. It can semi-reliably steal FP with Thieving Talons, recover LP with Life Drain and as mentioned above, transform into any Neutral vivosaur. [[JokeCharacter Unfortunately, it needs significant support to dish out and/or take damage...]]
* FetchQuest: AND HOW. The first game is loaded with these. Thankfully, most of them go by quickly enough to keep the story rolling.
* FireWaterJuxtaposition: Frigisaur and Ignosaur in the first game represent the Fire/Ice version.
* FlyingSeafoodSpecial: And [[WaterIsAir inverted]] when fighting in [[UnderTheSea Bottomsup Bay]].
* FossilRevival: ...It's the backbone of the series.
* GeniusSweetTooth: Dr. Diggins has a weakness for Dino Cakes.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: Professor Scatterly in the second game manages to slip a [[DidNotDoTheBloodyResearch "Sod it"]] past the radar. Similarly, the game goes to absolutely ''zero'' lengths to disguise the fact that Pauleen has a [[HoYay girl crush]] on the female protagonist. She grabs the female PC's hands, stares deeply into her eyes, and then admits she has no idea why she's blushing.
* GlobalCurrencyException: Redundant fossils are donated to the museum, which gives you donation points based on how good they are. These points are the only currency the cleaning station store accepts. Averted in ''Frontier'', where you just get cash for extra fossils.
* {{Gonk}}: Baron von Blackraven, especially compared to his two PrettyBoy associates.
* GoodAllAlong: [[spoiler:Don Boneyard and the [=BareBones=] Brigade, trying to stop the Caliosteo Cup in order to stop Zongazonga's scheme. Well, the Brigade didn't know Don Boneyard was a good guy,
but they don't have a problem with it when they find out.]]
* GottaCatchEmAll
* GreenHillZone: Greenhorn Plains in
the book first game, Treasure Lake in ''Champions'', and Paradise Beach in ''Frontier''.
* HarmlessFreezing: Frigisaur freezes you and Rosie completely after your first fight with it. But you're still OK.
* HarmlessVillain: The Barebones Brigade aren't exactly what you'd call menacing at first. Their eeeeevil plans involve such plots as "Pampering girls so they forget to participate in a tournament," and "Fill the hot springs up with powdered gelatin so people get stuck and can't participate."
** NotSoHarmlessVillain: [[spoiler: Their fourth plan, the one Don comes up with,
is never to destroy the ''entire Caliosteo island system''. Egads.]]
** [[spoiler: It's later {{justified|Trope}} when you learn that Don Boneyard is, in fact, the real Joe Wildwest in disguise. He didn't want to hurt anybody. When he [=OKed=] the third plan, things were getting ''extremely'' desperate, and it went slowly enough to give the people plenty of time to evacuate.]]
* HeelFaceTurn: [[spoiler: The BB Bandits - well, the TerribleTrio team, anyway; the {{Mooks}} don't seem to turn.]]
** [[spoiler: The entire [=BareBones=] Brigade.]]
* HelloInsertNameHere: All games actually allow you to change your main character's name at any time! The first game doesn't allow you to name your {{Mon}}s, strangely, though this was changed in the second.
* HopelessBossFight: [[spoiler: Round one against Frigisaurus.]]
* HotSpringsEpisode: In the second game, there's a hot spring-themed dig site
called ''"The Circle of the Earth"''.
* UnwittingPawn: Poor Gold-Harald is manipulated by his cousin Harald Gormsson to off Harald Greyfur, then sold out by him to his own FalseFriend Jarl Hakon.
* VikingFuneral: The funeral of King Haki of Sweden in "Ynglinga Saga" is a textbook example.
* VillainousValour: Displayed by Erik Bloodaxe, Harald Greyfur, and Harald Hardrada in their respective {{Last Stand}}s.
* VillainProtagonist: While
Hot Spring Heights. Not surprisingly, most of the kings are on the morally ambivalent side, and, due to ValuesDissonance some may appear as villains plot in that area revolves around the hot springs.
* HumansAreSpecial [[spoiler: Not only do they have the sci-fi standard "pluck," but the dinaurians are impressed by their capacity for both compassion and forgiveness.]]
* HypnotizeThePrincess: Comes into play late in Champions. [[spoiler: It's Todd.]]
* InconsistentDub: ''Frontier'' changes a couple names from previous games. The coin-like items vivosaurs are stored in
were never intended "Dino Medals" but are now "Dino Gears", and Becklespinax's vivosaur name goes from "Spinax" to be such, this trope is nowhere more prevalent than "Beckles" - of course, the first two games identified it as an Altispinax, and its Japanese name was "Altis", which would explain the change.
* InfinityPlusOneSword: T-Rex
in the saga of Harald Hardrada.
* WarriorPoet: Harald Hardrada likes to compose poetry.
* WarriorPrince: Most of them, in accord
first game, natch. Also, [[KillerRabbit Compso, who debuffs the enemy's attack power by 90%]]. Even moreso are [[spoiler:Duna, Dynal, and Raptin]], with their ridiculous support effects, and crazy abilities.
* InterspeciesRomance: [[spoiler:Before
the customs of the times -- it is much easier to list the kings that are {{Non Action Guy}}s.
* WeatherOfWar: During the naval battle of Hjörunga Bay, a hailstorm arises that is instrumental in turning the battle against the Jomsvikings and securing the Norwegians' victory.
* WonTheWarLostThePeace: Harald Hardrada fails in subduing Denmark, even though he is mostly victorious in
final battle with his rival Svein Estridsson, because Svein is popular Guhnash, you can choose to bring either Rosie or Duna with you. Choosing Duna leads to this. And considering that little mishap with the Danes devolution ray, Rosie technically counts for this too.]]
* ItemGet: Every last fossil is one of these in the first two games. The hero bends over, picks up the rock, faces the camera and thrusts it above his/her head triumphantly. The fanfare plays, and a blurb appears stating the nature of the rock found. It's a thing of beauty.
* JokeCharacter: In the first game, Anato. Its expression can only be described as "derpy," and even the ''game'' goes out of its way to point out how stupid it looks. It's a vivosaur who tries to sell itself based ''solely on'' the fact that it looks ridiculous. From a gameplay perspective, it also tries to lay claim to having a 100% effective [[StandardStatusEffects Confusion skill]], but said skill also does no damage and costs ''240 FP.'' Similar skills on other vivosaurs not only do damage, they also cost ''over 100 FP less.''
** LethalJokeCharacter in ''Champions '' It gets an [[TookALevelInBadass upgrade]] to gold confusion which means that the vivosaur inflicted has a chance of attacking itself or any of its allies. In addition its super evolver form Papygon, is widely accepted as one of the best in the game.[[note]]However, it's worth nothing that Papygon's PaletteSwap brother Teffla is much more the fan favorite of the two, and can deal heavier direct damage.[[/note]]
* JustifiedTrope: The game goes out of their way to emphasize that Dinosaurs didn't really have superpowers, and a great deal of the Vivosaurs aren't even really revived from Dinosaurs, per se, but are rather other forms of prehistoric life.
** Driven home in ''Frontier'', where [[spoiler:you travel back in time and encounter ''real'' dinosaurs. Unlike vivosaurs, dinosaurs are all Neutral-type, [[RealIsBrown have brown skin]], and are identified by their full names (like "Triceratops" instead of "Tricera")]].
* KatanasAreJustBetter: Mihu, a ceratopsian found in Japan, has ''katanas for horns.''
* KidHero: The main characters.
* KingIncognito: During ''Champions'', you're tasked with finding the Princess of Nomadistan, who has quietly entered the tournament; and are shown a picture of a girl and her dog that you ran into earlier. [[spoiler:The Princess turns out to be ''the dog''; the girl's her retainer. Both the fact that this would have been good to know earlier and the absurdity of [[CaligulasHorse appointing dogs as royalty]] is lampshaded.]]
* LampshadeHanging: The {{Combat Commentator}}s sometimes do this.
-->'''P.A. Leon''': I was wondering, why do we talk through every fight?
-->'''Slate Johnson''': I'm wondering how we can ''see'' every fight happening!
-->'''P.A. Leon''': Excellent point, Slate.
* LargeHamAnnouncer: All the announcers, but special mention must be given to Trip Cera. A couple choice quotes:
-->Not as excited as me! BOOYAH, GRANDMA!

-->'''Trip:''' Just like my wife with a credit card! Zing!\\
'''Ty:''' You're not married, Trip.\\
'''Trip:''' I'M SO LONELY!

-->There is a literal river of sweat running over my laptop! Seriously, I may electrocute myself before the day is over!
* LastLousyPoint: The five elemental [[spoiler:baby birds]] in the first game, who can only be obtained by getting every other vivosaur in the game and then ''maxing their levels.'' Yikes! They used to be downloadable from the Nintendo Channel on the Wii, but have since disappeared, as the aforementioned channel is no longer supported.
** More generally, you may find yourself gritting your teeth over the last lousy point of every single fossil you can clean. Properly-cleaned fossils are worth a ton of experience points, way more than you can reasonably give any specific vivosaur through combat. It's not ''mandatory'' to get everything perfect, but for perfectionists...
* LeakedExperience: Three vivosaurs participate in each fight, but all five that you're carrying (including defeated ones) get the experience. Averted in ''Frontier'', where all vivosaurs are available to use at all times but only the one used in battle gets experience.
* LizardFolk: In the second half of the game [[spoiler:a race of dromaeosauridae that evolved into hyper intelligent humanoids become the main antagonists after the BB Bandits are defeated. They want to KillAllHumans, naturally.]]
* [[GratuitousForeignLanguage Gratuitous Foreign]] {{Malaproper}}: Nick Nack does this. Airy cat oh! Donkey shine!
* MaskedLuchador: There seems to be a thriving masked-battler community, since each game involves some:
** Saurhead in the first game, who wears [[RefugeInAudacity no less than]] ''[[RefugeInAudacity thirty]]'' full-head dinosaur masks at any given time. [[TheUnreveal Can't risk]] [[DramaticUnmask being unmasked]], after all.
** Pauleen from ''Champions'' also wears a mask. [[spoiler: She wears it because it's shy, and it helps her feel more confident--but the mask is enchanted to bestow confidence, and ''evil,'' so it takes over the wearer's body in a rather literal case of BecomingTheMask.]]
** In ''Frontier'', it's Dino Gigante. You have to find his old rival, the Flying Smile Kid, and draw him out of retirement to try and win his belt in order to get the piece of MacGuffin on it.
* MetalDetectorPuzzle: This is your entire means of finding {{Mons}}--you have sonar and need to search the ground for stuff.
* MisterMuffykins: Joannie and Madame Pooch in ''Champions''. [[spoiler:Joannie's pampering is justified as Madame Pooch is legitimately royalty as "Princess Pooch"; see KingIncognito above.]]
* {{Mon}}: It's a dinosaur-collecting and battling game.
* MythologyGag: Many visual details of the Vivosaurs are based on facts about their dinos:
** Some are [[PunnyName name puns]] (Krona is covered in clock-like Roman numerals, and Coatlus was made to look like its namesake, Quetzalcoatl.)
** Others are based on the location of their discovery (U-Raptor (''Utahraptor'') has feathers that look like a Native American headdress, Carchar has Egyptian details, Chinese Shanshan is designed to look like a ChineseGirl crossed with an Asian dragon.)
*** The fact that Breme (''Bradycneme draculae'') is vampiric is both a name and location reference, as it was discovered in Transylvania and and consequently named after {{Dracula}}.
** And more have their own fun facts (M-Raptor was exceptionally bird-like and so resembles a parrot; Megalo was one of the first discoveries ever, so according to the graphic designer "[[http://www.fossilfighters.com/html/making-of/5/ I deliberately used the design of a dinosaur as it was conceived by people long ago.]]")
* {{Nerf}}: Support effects were nerfed quite heavily in ''Champions.'' In the first game, vivosaurs had their full support effects regardless of their level, making things like [[GameBreaker Compso]] incredibly dangerous. In the sequel, support effects grow when your levels do... meaning the game gives you a Compso in the ''very beginning of the game,'' and feels no remorse.
** But there's also an inversion, as some game mechanics got stronger in the transition from the original game to ''Champions''. In the original game, only the vivosaur in the Attack Zone could have a negative status effect put on them, and switching zones got rid of status effects. This made attacks whose only purpose was to cause a status effect somewhat weak, but this hurt poison attacks especially--you would need to use a chain of either knockback or [[StandardStatusEffect excite]] skills to get a poison attack to work, and the extra damage frequently wasn't that spectacular. In the sequel, however, all zones can have status effects and rotating doesn't get rid of them, meaning the extra damage from poison is more likely to stick around.
** A similar inversion applies to counterattacks. In the first game, counterattacks only had a 40% chance of working, making them a rather weak and luck-based strategy. In the sequel, counterattacks were upped to a 70% success rate, making them far more dangerous.
* NinjaPirateZombieRobot: The Dinomatons are robot dinosaurs, and the aforementioned Breme is a vampire dinosaur.
** And the sequel brings us skeleton [[spoiler:and zombie]] dinosaurs.
* NoPlansNoPrototypeNoBackup: A rare living example in [[OlympusMons Frigi(saur) and Igno(saur)]]. As soon as you defeat the former, the latter vanishes as well due to them cancelling each other's powers out. Still, it removes a god-like power from your party to prevent a Game Breaker. [[spoiler:Until you can win them from post-game {{Bonus Boss}}es, anyway.]]
* NothingIsScarier: When [[spoiler: the BB Bandits take over Vivosaur Island]], no music plays even in friendly areas.
* NotQuiteBackToNormal: Poor Rosie. The other girl's ending shows she hasn't fully thrown off the effects of the Digadig charm ''or'' the [[spoiler: deevolution ray]].
* OddNameOut: Three of Holt's V-Raptors in the mini-manga are Odin, Thor, and Steve.
* OlympusMons: Frigisaur and Ignosaur.
* OneWingedAngel: [[spoiler:The main villains of both ''Champions'' and ''Frontier'' turn themselves into monstrous dino-beasts for the final battle.]]
* OverlyLongName: Avoided. Many dinos have these, but their Vivosaur counterparts have them cut short.
* PaletteSwap: In ''Frontier,'' certain dinos have variants (based off famous specimens) that are colored differently. They sometimes differ in elements and skills, too--Hypsi comes in Air, Water, and Fire versions.
* {{Panspermia}}: Subverted. [[spoiler: The Dinaurians seeded the planet with life, but it was Earth's own species that survived instead.]]
* PeninsulaOfPowerLeveling: There's a bonus boss post-game that most people have trouble with. However, with the right team (ex. Seismo, Hoplo, and Compso) you can consistently defeat said bonus boss over and over again in about 6 turns each time by abusing a team skill and how long-range attacks work, making leveling up all your vivosaurs to rank 12 easy.
** In the second game, there's the three Barebones Brigade officials. They use teams made up entirely of Boneysaurs; although Boneys have powerful support effects, they're also extreme {{Glass Cannon}}s, meaning vivosaurs several levels lower of them can take them out with some decent planning. They grant a full 30 points (in a game where level-ups come every 50 points) on defeat, making them great for grinding.
** Also in the second game, after you beat the game, you can talk to Prof. Scatterly to "reenact" the final battle with Zongazonga. By thee end of the game your vivosaurs will probably be strong enough to take him out no problem, and he gives you 50 points, so any dinosaurs can be leveled up just by being put in the support group.
* PlanetEater: [[spoiler:Guhnash.]]
* PlayableEpilogue: A whole crop of stuff opens up after you beat the game. UnusableEnemyEquipment becomes [[InfinityPlusOneSword usable]], new areas open up, everyone becomes a BonusBoss, you get ''both'' the OlympusMons...
* PhlebotinumKilledTheDinosaurs: [[spoiler:Inverted; Dinosaurs were introduced on Earth by the Dinaurians.]]
* PopQuiz: The second go through the Secret Tunnels has you correctly answering dinosaur trivia to advance in the maze.
** In ''Champions'' there's a roaming quiz show sidequest run by Tess Score.
* PowerTrio: Hunter, Rosie, and Holt become one of these in the mini-manga. In ''Champions'', it's the player, Todd, and Pauleen; with Rupert as SixthRanger.
* PowerupLetdown: Getting the upgrade for Dark Fossils lets you find red fossils, which you could already find anyway, jewels, which you could find anyway, and dino droppings, which you ''couldn't''. Also, dark fossils have an outer shell that can only be broken with a hammer. If there's a speck of outer shell covering that perfect red fossil, expect to lose some points smashing it.
** Yes, but you don't get challenged for finding Dark Fossils in the original. Meaning you don't have to fight tooth-and-nail for every [[VendorTrash Emerald and Diamond]] that you dig up. In addition, the best jewels are available in Dark Fossils, meaning you can now get those all-important case, sonar, and cleaning tool upgrades without running around swinging a pickaxe like a maniac for hours on end. BoringButPractical.
* PunnyName / MeaningfulName: Where to start? We've got name changer Ty Tull, advice giver Tipper, Sam Inaro who teaches seminars... And these are just from the ''first'' game.
** Gets lampshaded:
--->'''Rosie:''' Oh, I can't believe I didn't make the connection before... Knickknacks... ''Nick Nack''. Ugh. Waa ha ha! To think we're out looking for knickknacks for a guy named Nick Nack... It's like some awful joke!
** NeverHeardThatOneBefore: Even the [=NPC=]s warn you that "We've heard all the jokes" about Bea Ginner (who teaches novices).
* PurelyAestheticGender: Your gender has no effect on the plot in ''Champions'' or ''Frontier''.
* QuintessentialBritishGentleman: In ''Champions,'' both Professor Scatterly and Rupert show signs of it. Rupert is more of a nascent one, though he certainly shows signs of Britishness.
* RandomlyDrops: Some fossils are ''much'' rarer than others, and you'll have to go back and forth between the main town and the area where they're found if you want to complete your fossil collection. Averted in ''Frontier'', where fossils for a specific vivosaur can be counted on to show up near each other and always in the same areas; plus they're identified on sight and you no longer need to go back to town to excavate them.
* TheReptilians: [[spoiler:The dinaurians in the original game.]]
* RibcageRidge: Treasure Lake in the second game has a gigantic skull of some variety, smack dab in the middle of the lake.
** Could also be a parody DesertSkull. Food for thought.
* RichBitch: Bling sisters Ruby and Sapphire, aka "the Posh Pair", in ''Frontier'''s postgame; who consider the player a commoner and recruit him/her in a few schemes to get rare jewels. Averted with [[spoiler:Penny]], who is only revealed to come from a rich family in the postgame and is SpoiledSweet.
* RichIdiotWithNoDayJob: A great deal of the Fossil Fighters are implied to be this.
* RoadApples: Yes, you can dig up fossilized dino dung. Nick Nack and John Guano are the only ones who want it for whatever reason (the shop will ''accept'' it, but will pay next to nothing).
* RobotBuddy: [=KL-33N=], the cleaning robot. Rupert has a prototype digging robot called [=Di66-R=]. In ''Frontier'', the Bone Buggies have an onboard AI called [=VR-00M=] (whose picture looks like the robots from the prior games).
* RoseHairedSweetie: Nate from ''Frontier'' is a RareMaleExample, in {{Adorkable}} flavor.
* RuleOfCool: Dinosaurs battling it out is cool enough, but the sequels give them even more powerful, awesome-looking forms.
* RunningGag: In ''Champions'', every time [[spoiler: someone's skull jumps into your pocket]], it is always described as "lumpy."
* SamusIsAGirl: In ''Frontier,'' it's revealed that the MascotMook T-Rex--the big red, yellow, and black one that appears on the box art of every game--is specifically a female version (named [[GeniusBonus Sue]]). The male version is a [[RealMenWearPink purple]] variant named [[FluffyTheTerrible Stan.]]
* SaveScumming: If you save before you talk to the cleaning robot, you can reload the save until he gives satisfactory results. No longer the case in ''Frontier'', where you do all the cleaning out in the field where you ''can't'' save.
* SchmuckBait: The Secret Tunnels of the Mole Brothers contain several treasure chests, but a nearby plaque warns you that "greed is its own setback." Opening them keeps you from advancing in the maze. It's later confirmed that opening these chests is why Lemo and O'Mel got separated in the first place.
* SetBonus: Putting three vivosaurs with something in common on the field can unlock a special attack for each.
* ShoutOut:
** One poor nameless NPC is tasked with standing guard over a warehouse, and nothing else. Keep talking to him, and he'll eventually reveal the "deep, philosophical" thoughts he's been having: "'''What is a man''''s life worth? Nothing but guarding '''a miserable pile of secrets?'''"
** The cleaning robots resemble Japanese emoticons.
** A cinematic from the sequel shows [[Film/JurassicPark a helicopter transporting new people to the island.]]
** In ''Champions'', one park staffer is trying to come up with new ideas:
-->Fast cars are exciting, right? Maybe we could [[Anime/YuGiOh5Ds have people battle
while driving around a racetrack]]! [[TakeThat No, you're right. That's a dumb idea.]]
** Stella, Staff leader of Ribular Island informs the Hero(ine) that "[[VideoGame/SuperMarioBros1 Your dig site is on another island!]]" once
they progress past Round 2 of the Cup. She then wonders why that sounds familiar.
** ''Champions'' also features a fisherman who became lost at sea. His name is [[Literature/RobinsonCrusoe Robinson,]] and he also talks to [[Film/CastAway a ball, whom he calls his best friend]].
** When its programming goes haywire, Rupert's robot says things such as "[[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZelda I AM ERROR.]]" and "[[Videogame/ProWrestling A WINNER IS YOU.]]"
** In ''Frontier'', if you talk to a shopkeeper about cleaning a daily random fossil, they'll say [[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZelda "It's a secret to everybody."]] During a tournament during one of the postgame quests, one character will also reference [[UsefulNotes/NintendoEntertainmentSystem "playing with power"]].
* ShownTheirWork: The information on the extinct animals, also see MythologyGag above.
* SignificantAnagram: The Mole Brothers' names are Lemo and O'Mel. Hm. I wonder what ''those''
[[SarcasmMode curiously]] loathe Harald are anagrams of]]?
* SinisterSchnoz: Snivels, no question.
* SkullForAHead: Don Boneyard [[spoiler:and anyone else who became a victim of Zongazonga]].
* SlasherSmile: [[spoiler: Guhweep]] has one, but it's not immediately obvious until it [[spoiler: uses Tears of Dark Light... and turns upside down]].
* SlippySlideyIceWorld: The Glacier dig site from the first game, though it doesn't open up until the endgame.
** All of the Ilium Island digsites in ''Champions'' apply. Ilium isn't called "The island where warmth goes to die" for nothing!
* TheSlowPath:
** In the first game, [[spoiler:Dr. Diggins after he's sent back to the Jurassic. Thank goodness he manages to find the Stone Sleep device!]]
** Also seen in ''Frontier''. [[spoiler:While time-traveling, your vivosaur partner gets left behind in the late Cretaceous in order to make sure you get home safely. Eventually, you realize that a fossilized Dino Gear-like artifact you'd found earlier in the game really ''is'' your partner's Dino Gear.]]
* StanceSystem: Used in ''Frontier''. While previous games had tactical systems based on a vivosaur's placement on the field, ''Frontier'' instead focuses on how your vivosaur is standing: straight ahead, rearing up, ducking down, or turned around and baring its tail. Each vivosaur has a different set of strong and weak stances, and different attacks can change your or your opponents' stances (though a vivosaur's stance is always reset when it takes its turn).
* StarterMon: Each game in the series does it differently:
** ''Fossil Fighters:'' You start the game with a Spinax who, while common, is decently powerful. However, at the game start, you also get a free bonus fossil of a dinosaur based on how you answer some questions about what you like in your dinos.
** ''Champions:'' Joe Wildwest lets you pick between dinos of the four basic elements, which are hard to get until late game. All can [[MagikarpPower Super Evolve.]] Plus, boys get a T-rex and girls get a Tricera.
** ''Frontier:'' You befriend Chomp, the most traditionally mons-like dino in the series. He's no recognizable dinosaur species, he's quite powerful, and he evolves at certain points in the game. Plus, he's your TeamPet and your close friend.
* StatGrinding: A mild case in the first game; most stat gains are at levelups but vivosaurs also gain HP gradually between levels. ''Champions'' removes this.
* StockDinosaurs: But also includes any new prehistoric mammals and dinosaurs discovered during the creation of the game.
** The sequel appears to be continuing this, including many other prehistoric creatures from before and after the age of dinosaurs.
* StopHavingFunGuys: [[{{In-Universe}} Rupert]] in ''Champions''. After witnessing Todd take his loss to you in stride, he's baffled as to why Todd's not upset about losing. Though it turns out it's less arrogance that his way is the right one and more ignorance that there are other ways in the first place.
** Turns out it comes from his dad, who tried to drive the "have fun" mentality out of him and wanted him to bail out when facing even a 50% chance of failure. [[spoiler:This game being high on the idealistic end of the scale, this was
just dad trying to protect Rupert from the pain of losing. [[ManipulativeBastard Or so he says...]]]]
* StrangelyEffectiveDisguise: [[spoiler: Somehow, the majority of the Dinaurians are fooled by yours and Dr. Diggins' masks.]]
** See also ''Champions'', where the hero(ine) receives a Ty Ranno mask for disguise purposes. No other mask keeps [=NPC=]s from immediately knowing who he/she is; how is this mask different?
* SummonBiggerFish: Calling up Ignosaur to fight Frigisaur.
* TakeThat: After completing the main quest and all the sidequests of ''Frontier'', you'll take a group photo with the main cast; to which Dahlia comments "And it's a PICTURE, got it? Not a selfie. That word is so overused these days."
* TakenForGranite: [[spoiler:The [[LizardFolk dinaurians]] have technology that can do this. The technology that un-stones them is also responsible for how you can revive dinosaurs in the first place.]]
* ATasteOfPower: Do you go straight to the confrontation with [[spoiler: Ignosaur]] in your party... or do you have some fun with the [[OlympusMons godlike beast]] beforehand?
* TerribleTrio: The BB Gang. Also counts as the GoldfishPoopGang for the first half of the game. In the sequel, it's the Barebones Brigade. ''Frontier'' has Baron von Blackraven and his gang.
* TheTetrisEffect: Expect to see fossils in various states of cleaning every time you close your eyes.
* TyrannosaurusRex: The game's mascot, and somewhat of the InfinityPlusOneSword. One NPC ensures the player near the end of the game that "all the hype you've ever heard about it is true!"
* TheUnintelligible: Rex of the BB Bandits.
** EloquentInMyNativeTongue: [[spoiler:His true speech patterns tend toward SesquipedalianLoquaciousness. Those kooky English bulldogs...]]
* UnknownItemIdentification: In the first two games, fossils had to be brought back to base and excavated before they could be identified. In ''Frontier'', fossils are "unknown" the first time they're excavated but the sonar will be able to ID them afterward.
* UnusableEnemyEquipment: Boy, the Dinatomatons sure are cool, aren't they? Who wouldn't want a [[VideoGame/RobotDinosaursThatShootBeamsWhenTheyRoar Robot Dinosaur That Shoots Beams When It Roars?]] Well, sorry, but ''you don't get none.'' And you'll have to keep your paws off [[spoiler:Duna, Dynal, and Raptin]] too... [[spoiler:until they all become available in the postgame, that is.]]
* VendorTrash: Digging up and cleaning gemstones is the only way to make money. The better the gem,
the more money.
* VerbalTic: The Digadigs, including Pauleen in ''Champions''. Rosie [[GotMeDoingIt picks it up]] when she is mystically made part of
the tribe, and she is very ''diga-''displeased.
* VideoGameCrueltyPotential: Roise asks "you probably hate me now, don't you?". You actually are ABLE to say "yes".
** In ''Frontier,'' when you [[spoiler: travel back in time]], you can encounter dino nests. You can cheerfully drive your Bone Buggy over them and shatter them to pieces, for no other reason than they're there. (Though they magically reform themselves if you wait.)
* XMeetsY: ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' meets {{Mon}}s. (''Magazine/NintendoPower'' said "meets ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}''", but "meets ''VideoGame/{{Spectrobes}}''" is much
more he attacks them. The trope is later lampshaded by Earl Tostig in conversation apt.)
* WeCannotGoOnWithoutYou: In the first game's Master-rank Level-Up Battles, losing even one vivosaur makes you lose the whole fight.
* WellDoneSonGuy: Rupert's father is... difficult to please, shall we say.
* {{Whateversaurus}}: Along
with Harald.
* WorthyOpponent: Harold Godwinson to Harald Hardrada, Jarl Erik to Olaf Tryggvason.
* YoungestChildWins: Even before Harald Finehair's death, his twenty-odd sons begin to fight over
the succession, with Harald's favorite Erik killing four of his brothers. But it term "vivosaur" itself, this is used liberally for the youngest child, Håkon, who eventually outplays Erik various made-up species.
* WindIsGreen: Air-type Viviosaurs are revived from green fossils.
* WombLevel: The Bonehemoth in ''Champions.''
* WordSaladTitle: In ''Champions,'' all the songs in the sound test have silly
and inherits the kingdom.non-indicative names, like "Sleepy Robin," "Chocolate Soiree," or "Raspberry Bell."
* YouGottaHaveBlueHair: Rosie's pink hair could be passed off as an [[LiteraryAgentHypothesis artistic rendtion]] of a strawberry blonde, but there's ''really'' no explaining why Dr. Diggins' hair is ''green.''
** Siamo actually has blue hair, despite being a dinosaur.
31st Mar '17 6:20:03 PM JulianLapostat
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As there are very few sources on the history of Norway before it started to develop its own literature from the mid-12th century onwards, the Kings’ Sagas and especially ''Heimskringla'' for centuries formed the chief authority on Norwegian history of the [[HornyVikings Viking Age]] and the [[TheHighMiddleAges following 150-odd years]] after the [[UsefulNotes/{{Christianity}} Conversion]]. Only in the early 20th century, historians have acknowledged the artificial dimension of the sagas, and have come to see them as a mixture of fact and fiction rather, influenced by the time they were written in. From a modern perspective, it is, rather than a chronicle, a narrative moving from pseudohistory through {{historical fiction}} to history. Of course, at the time the book was written, there existed no formal distinction between these genres, as in Old Norse, ''saga'' can mean "history" as much as "story".

to:

As there are very few sources on the history of Norway before it started to develop its own literature from the mid-12th century onwards, the Kings’ Sagas and especially ''Heimskringla'' for centuries formed the chief authority on Norwegian history of the [[HornyVikings Viking Age]] UsefulNotes/TheVikingAge and the [[TheHighMiddleAges following 150-odd years]] after the [[UsefulNotes/{{Christianity}} Conversion]]. Only in the early 20th century, historians have acknowledged the artificial dimension of the sagas, and have come to see them as a mixture of fact and fiction rather, influenced by the time they were written in. From a modern perspective, it is, rather than a chronicle, a narrative moving from pseudohistory through {{historical fiction}} to history. Of course, at the time the book was written, there existed no formal distinction between these genres, as in Old Norse, ''saga'' can mean "history" as much as "story".
17th Jan '17 12:35:26 PM Eilevgmyhren
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Added DiffLines:

* ThePatriarch: Harald Finehair, courtesy of his 23 children. He is, of course, the patriarch for all kings in the Norwegian line of kings down to the end of Heimskringla, but by extention, he is reckoned to be the ancestor of ''almost every Norwegian'' who can trace a linear ancestry in the country further back than 250 years (that is quite a good percent).
21st Sep '16 6:38:28 PM ecuvulle6267
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Added DiffLines:

* TheLowMiddleAges: A medieval history of Norway spanning from the TimeOfMyths to the HighMiddleAges.
8th Aug '16 12:39:20 PM LordGro
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* ExcessiveMourning: When Harald Finehair's Sami wife Snaefrid dies, her body does not decompose, and Harald sits at her deathbed for three years because he thinks she might come to life again, in the meantime neglecting all affairs of government. Finally Harald's advisor Thorleif suggests changing Snaefrid's bedsheets; as soon as the corpse is raised, it turns rotten. Harald has it burnt on a pyre and stops mourning.



* FairySexy: Snefrid, daughter of the local Finn chieftain, is so attractive that king Harald Finehair loses his wits completely and is about to take her on the spot. Her father denies him this, claiming that he should marry her first. They do, and have four sons, while Harald dismisses his other wives and almost forgets to rule his country. When Snefrid dies, he sits grieving by her side for ''three years'', while her corpse seems to be in perfect shape all the time. Until a manservant suggests changing her bedsheets. Then, the {{glamour}} collapses, the body turns foul in a moment, and has to be burned. Snorri concludes that Harald got his wits back after this, realizing he was "betrayed by the finn".
** Bonus points when you realize that one of Snefrid`s sons became a sorcerer, another the great-grandfather of Harald Hardrada and eventually ancestor of the later line of Norwegian kings. What does that tell us about the later kings of Norway?

to:

* FairySexy: Snefrid, daughter of the local Finn chieftain, is so attractive that king Harald Finehair loses his wits completely and is about to take her on the spot. Her father denies him this, claiming that he should marry her first. They do, and have four sons, while Harald dismisses his other wives and almost forgets to rule his country. When Snefrid dies, he sits grieving by her side for ''three years'', while her corpse seems to be in perfect shape all the time. Until a manservant suggests changing her bedsheets. Then, the {{glamour}} collapses, the body turns foul in a moment, and has to be burned. Snorri concludes that Harald got his wits back after this, realizing he was "betrayed by the finn".
** Bonus points when you realize that one of Snefrid`s sons became a sorcerer, another the great-grandfather of Harald Hardrada and eventually ancestor of the later line of Norwegian kings. What does that tell us about the later kings of Norway?
13th Mar '16 8:52:58 AM LordGro
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* HeroicAmbidexterity:
** King Olaf Tryggvason "smote equally well with both hands and shot two spears at a time."
** The reign of the Danish governor Svein Canuteson is challenged by Tryggvi, who claims to be the son of Olaf Tryggvason and the legitimate heir to the kingdom. Svein's supporters in turn accuse him of being an impostor who is really the son of a priest. In battle, Tryggvi "shot spears with both hands at a time; he said: 'Thus my father taught me to chant!'" Nevertheless Tryggvi is vanquished.
* HeroicVow: Olaf Tryggvason announces that he will make all of Norway Christian "or else die". Later he also vows to never retreat from Svein Forkbeard, which becomes a plot point.



* HeroicVow: Olaf Tryggvason announces that he will make all of Norway Christian "or else die". Later he also vows to never retreat from Svein Forkbeard, which becomes a plot point.



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21st Sep '15 6:41:57 PM nombretomado
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''Heimskringla'' is a massive medieval history book, recounting the lives of the kings of UsefulNotes/{{Norway}} from the days when the [[NorseMythology Aesir]] dwelt among men to 1177 AD. It was written c. 1230 AD in UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}, purportedly by the most famous medieval Icelandic author, Creator/SnorriSturluson.

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''Heimskringla'' is a massive medieval history book, recounting the lives of the kings of UsefulNotes/{{Norway}} from the days when the [[NorseMythology [[Myth/NorseMythology Aesir]] dwelt among men to 1177 AD. It was written c. 1230 AD in UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}, purportedly by the most famous medieval Icelandic author, Creator/SnorriSturluson.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Literature.Heimskringla