History Literature / EndersGame

25th Nov '16 11:04:27 AM EnderrWiggin
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* DysfunctionJunction: The Wiggins are a dysfunctional family, and almost every kid at Battle School is, often due to their intelligence and aggression. Also shown in Speaker for the Dead with Novinha and her family.

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* DysfunctionJunction: The Wiggins are a dysfunctional family, and almost every kid at Battle School is, fits this trope, often due to their intelligence and aggression. Also shown in Speaker for the Dead with Novinha and her family.
25th Nov '16 11:03:43 AM EnderrWiggin
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Added DiffLines:

*DysfunctionJunction: The Wiggins are a dysfunctional family, and almost every kid at Battle School is, often due to their intelligence and aggression. Also shown in Speaker for the Dead with Novinha and her family.
3rd Oct '16 12:23:47 AM Morgenthaler
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* The second begins with ''Literature/EndersShadow'', a [[POVSequel retelling]] of ''Ender's Game'' from the viewpoint of Bean, one of his friends. The Shadow series then follows Bean in the [[TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture Twenty More Minutes Into The Future]] Earth, consisting of ''Shadow of the Hegemon'', ''Shadow Puppets'', and ''Shadow of the Giant''. The Shadow series--whose novels might accurately be described as {{Thriller}}s--is a more direct continuation of the original novel and its themes of war and politics (with ''Hegemon'' being described by its author as "a giant game of {{Risk}}"), and many more characters from the original book appear in it. ''Shadows in Flight'' loses the politics and is more contemporary with the Ender Sequels, though still a Bean story.

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* The second begins with ''Literature/EndersShadow'', a [[POVSequel retelling]] of ''Ender's Game'' from the viewpoint of Bean, one of his friends. The Shadow series then follows Bean in the [[TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture Twenty More Minutes Into The Future]] Earth, consisting of ''Shadow of the Hegemon'', ''Shadow Puppets'', and ''Shadow of the Giant''. The Shadow series--whose novels might accurately be described as {{Thriller}}s--is a more direct continuation of the original novel and its themes of war and politics (with ''Hegemon'' being described by its author as "a giant game of {{Risk}}"), TabletopGame/{{Risk}}"), and many more characters from the original book appear in it. ''Shadows in Flight'' loses the politics and is more contemporary with the Ender Sequels, though still a Bean story.
15th Sep '16 7:03:09 PM PaulA
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* The first, consisting of ''A War of Gifts: An Ender Story'', ''Ender in Exile'', ''Literature/SpeakerForTheDead'', ''Literature/{{Xenocide}}'', and ''Literature/ChildrenOfTheMind'' follow Ender in the far future and focus on worldbuilding combined with a major dose of morality. By Card's admission, Ender's Game [[MagnumOpusDissonance was expanded from its short story form just to set up Speaker for the Dead]].

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* The first, consisting of ''A War of Gifts: An Ender Story'', ''Ender in Exile'', ''Literature/EnderInExile'', ''Literature/SpeakerForTheDead'', ''Literature/{{Xenocide}}'', and ''Literature/ChildrenOfTheMind'' follow Ender in the far future and focus on worldbuilding combined with a major dose of morality. By Card's admission, Ender's Game [[MagnumOpusDissonance was expanded from its short story form just to set up Speaker for the Dead]].
13th Sep '16 10:46:41 PM PaulA
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The novel acted as a springboard for not one but ''two'' series and other associated works, dealing with different time periods in the same canon.

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The novel acted as a springboard for not one but ''two'' multiple series and other associated works, dealing with different time periods in the same canon.




In other works, there is also a short story collection called ''First Meetings''. Creator/MarvelComics has published [[ComicBookAdaptation Comic Book Adaptations]] of ''Ender's Game,'' ''Ender's Shadow,'' ''Speaker for the Dead,'' and ''Ender in Exile,'' as well as several one shots. Additionally, they launched the ''Formic Wars'' series, which function as prequels to the books. A trilogy of novels, ''Earth Unaware,'' ''Earth Afire,'' and ''Earth Awakens,'' is being co-written by Aaron Johnston and Card, expanding upon the characters and events of the comics.

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\n* The ''Literature/FormicWars'' series, co-written with Aaron Johnston, is a prequel series showing Earth's earlier encounters with the Formics. A trilogy of novels, ''Earth Unaware'', ''Earth Afire'', and ''Earth Awakens'', has been published, with a second sequel forthcoming.

In other works, there is also a short story collection called ''First Meetings''. Creator/MarvelComics has published [[ComicBookAdaptation Comic Book Adaptations]] of ''Ender's Game,'' ''Ender's Shadow,'' ''Speaker for the Dead,'' and ''Ender in Exile,'' as well as several one shots. Additionally, they launched the ''Formic Wars'' series, which function as prequels to the books. A trilogy of novels, ''Earth Unaware,'' ''Earth Afire,'' and ''Earth Awakens,'' is being co-written by Aaron Johnston and Card, expanding upon the characters and events of the comics.
books.




[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:''Ender's Game'']]
-->''"...I can't help it. I like the kid. I think we're going to screw him up."\\
"[[TrainingFromHell Of course we are. It's our job.]] We're the wicked witch. We promise gingerbread, but we eat the little bastards alive."''

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\n[[foldercontrol]]\n\n[[folder:''Ender's Game'']]\n-->''"...I can't help it. I like the kid. I think we're going to screw him up."\\\n"[[TrainingFromHell Of course we are. It's our job.]] We're the wicked witch. We promise gingerbread, but we eat the little bastards alive."''\n!!''Ender's Game'' contains examples of:



[[/folder]]

[[folder:Prequel novels]]
* ArrestedForHeroism: After [[spoiler:Mazer Rackham and the [=MOPs=]]] manage to destroy a Formic lander in China, they are greeted by Chinese soldiers and promptly arrested. The officer in charge thanks them for their heroism but explains them the long list of laws they violated in the course of their heroism. He thanks them and tells them that they're likely to be released and deported soon. At their incredulous looks, he laughs and tells them that all heroes in China get arrested at first.
** They're only released after the rest of the [=MOPs=] spread the news that it was General Sima (the commander holding [[spoiler:Mazer and Wit]]) who orchestrated the attack on the lander. Sima is reluctantly forced to accept credit for something he didn't do ([[spoiler:not that it makes a difference, as he is killed in battle a few days later, cementing his status as the hero of China]]) and has the [=MOPs=] placed under his command.
* ArtisticLicensePhysics: ''El Cavador'' has retro-rockets counteracting the pushing effect of the laser drill during mining operations. If a laser beam encounters a pocket of ice, it quickly cuts through it, and the ship "lurches" forward, as the forces acting on it are now out of balance. The problem is, lasers are ''not'' physical objects with which a ship touches the asteroid. The force pushing it back is from the laser firing, not from impacting the asteroid. therefore, it shouldn't matter how fast the laser is cutting through matter. Besides, such force would be negligible, the thrust of the retro-rockets would need to be minimal to compensate.
** Also "gamma plasma", gamma radiation is photons, not matter like plasma. Which actually would make it a lot easier to focus into lasers. At least this is addressed in the second prequel trilogy, where a scientist explains that they keep using the name for lack of a better term, even though it's not a good description. They simply don't understand how it works, so they're forced to use a term given to them by an asteroid miner.
* AsteroidMiners: Many mining ships prowl the Asteroid Belt and the Kuiper Belt of the Solar System in search of resource-rich asteroids. A good number of them belong to corporations, but some are owned and operated by families of free miners. ''El Cavador'' is one such ship, home to a Venezuelan clan.
** Despite being a [[CurbStompBattle decidedly one-sided battle]], the free miners are the ones who put up the longest fight against the Formic ship, and Jukes mining ships were the ones who took down smaller fighters in Earth's orbit. In the ''Ender's Game'' audioplay, Graff mentions that the miners have since never let the fleet forget this, which is why the IF keeps all the coolest toys for itself.
* AttackDrone: The first successful attack on the Formic mothership is performed using automated Jukes, Ltd., Vanguard prospector drones refitted with gravity lasers. All but one of the drones are shot down by the mothership's turrets. The remaining drone takes out some of the turrets and damages the ship but is destroyed by "gamma plasma" emitters before the gravity field can become strong enough to rip the mothership apart.
** Each drone costs the company a fortune, and the glasers are even more expensive.
** Lem believes from the beginning that the drones will fail. Even worse, if even one glaser misses and hits Earth, there will be an EarthShatteringKaboom, as the entire planet will be turned to dust.
** Of course, as it turns out, [[spoiler:Ukko Jukes set up the situation to be a win-win for him. If the drones succeed, he is the savior of Earth; if they fail, he is seen as someone who is willing to spend his entire fortune to save Earth. All to prepare for his rise as the first Hegemon]].
* BittersweetEnding: ''Earth Unaware'' ends with [[spoiler:''El Cavador'' destroyed in the battle with the Buggers with Victor and a group of women and children as the only survivors]]. However, [[spoiler:Victor]] manages to transmit the evidence of the Buggers' arrival to the Net, although the rumors of an alien invasion have already started to spread.
* TheChessmaster: Say what you want about Ukko Jukes, but he know how to take advantage of any situation, even if that situation threatens humanity with extinction. From the moment he finds out about the Formics, he plans everything out to the point where, even if a certain step fails ([[spoiler:like his extremely expensive AttackDrones failing to destroy the alien ship]]), he still comes out on top. In the meantime, he uses his global political connections to [[spoiler:get the world leaders to form the [[SpaceNavy International Fleet]] and the [[OneWorldOrder Hegemony]]. And, of course, who is best suited for the job of the Hegemon but the "visionary" who made it happen?]] He even accounts for the possibility of his son plotting to oust him from his own company by turning the tables on Lem... and then handing him the company as a consolation prize.
* AChildShallLeadThem: In the second prequel, the Chinese military gives Bingwen, a young but brilliant farmboy, his own command, consisting of a few dozen soldiers. His superior hand-picks the soldiers, who are least likely to accept a child as an officer and replaces them as Bingwen brings them to his side. This is all done to train the boy for the realities of command.
* [[ConvenientlyClosePlanet Conveniently Close Space Station]]: Why did the Formics destroy [[spoiler:Weigh Station Four]]? It was on their trajectory to Earth.
** And they didnt even try to do it. It was simply a side effect of their periodic venting of gamma plasma.
* CoolPlane: The hover-copters developed by Jukes, Ltd., use [[ArtificialGravity gravity-lensing]] technology to keep the craft aloft. It has backup rotors that can be deployed in about a second, in case the gravity lens fails. New Zealand contracts Jukes, Ltd., for two such craft. While it appears to be an exclusive agreement, it's pointed out that China is also interested in purchasing them. When someone complains, it's pointed out that China can order a lot more than two, and Jukes couldn't give a crap about such a tiny fish as New Zealand, when there's a whale like China on the hook. Notably, the New Zealand SAS plans to use the craft for evacuation rather than combat. They are to fly in low, keeping their radar profile as minimal as possible by nearly grazing treetops, deploy the mechanical arm, pick up the damaged tank or another vehicle, and get the hell out of dodge, while cutting it open and moving the crew/passengers up to the craft's cabin. Because it flies so low to the ground, it's stated that the deployable rotors are useless, as they would never have time to deploy before the craft hit the ground ([[spoiler:this is later proven true, when the craft is hit by Formic fire]]).
* CorruptCorporateExecutive: Ukko Jukes, the owner and CEO of [[MegaCorp Juke, Ltd]]. His son Lem shows traces of this as well, but Lem is more than willing to put his fortune and life on the line in order to save Earth from the Formics. Lem does make some questionable decisions, but he mostly acts like a good guy in the end ([[spoiler:even giving Victor as parting gift in the form of top-of-the-line mining equipment for his clan, making sure that Victor couldn't say no]]).
* CurbStompBattle: The attack on the Formic/Bugger starship by the AsteroidMiners (involving getting men on the surface of the ship and planting mines) is a [[spoiler:spectacular failure]]. The [[spoiler:Formic ship]] is only slightly damaged, while [[spoiler:''El Cavador'']] is obliterated.
** An even better example is the so-called Battle of Cleopatra, where 64 corporate and free miner ships, hastily refitted with additional armor plates make a stand against the Formic ship. The Formic ship is barely damaged as it picks off the human ships one-by-one with its gamma laser turret.
** Followed up by a multinational assault spearheaded by the US weaponizing dozens of shuttles and trying to take out the mothership's turrets and shield generator. Even less effective, as the space miners, at least, know how to fight in space. The attack does, however, serve to show that [[spoiler:the Formics target the fastest-moving objects first, even if the slower-moving objects are more of a threat]].
* DeflectorShield: The Formic mothership and the landers are protected by shields impenetrable to conventional arms, although lasers and slow-moving objects are able to pass through it. The landers' shields [[spoiler:don't extend underground]].
** These are one of the first pieces of Formic tech to be reverse-engineered by Jukes, Ltd. In fact, they manage to improve on the design, making them more powerful.
* DrillTank: The Chinese have self-propelled drill sledges that are able to move through solid rock at 25 kph. In fact, they actually move ''faster'' through solid rock than through clay or soft soil, as their rate of movement is dependent on the strength of the jet of molten rock that spews out the back. Their range is pretty limited, though, being only about 10 kilometers. Seeking to buy them, the New Zealand SAS sends the newly-promoted Captain Mazer Rackham, as well as his men, to China to teach the Chinese how to pilot Juke-manufactured hover-copters while learning how to pilot the drill sledges. During the Formic invasion of China, these sledges prove invaluable to getting close to the Formic landing craft that otherwise shoots down any aircraft or land force attempting to get near.
* DyingMomentOfAwesome: [[spoiler:Wit O'Toole manages to get from the surface of the mothership to the helm, slowly being poisoned by the intense radiation coming from the gamma plasma pulsing through the ship. Then, when he's just about ready to give up, his MOP comrades start a Navy SEAL cadence to encourage him to continue on, and he succeeds using that. Victor finds him later, dead from the radiation.]]
* FutureBadass: The novel introduces ''Lieutenant'' Mazer Rackham. Downplayed in that he's already a badass, considering he's in the New Zealand SAS.
** It's also a bit of a surprise that he fails the [=MOPs=] test by misinterpreting the requirements and sent back to his SAS unit.
* HostileTerraforming: Victor hypothesizes that this is what the Buggers are doing when they defoliate the ground and scoop the dead biomass up, as well as dumping bacteria in the ocean.
** This conclusion is independently reached by Bingwen, a young Chinese boy with genius-level intelligence. Bonus points for never heard of such a concept before but deriving it based on his knowledge of farming. The officer escorting him to a school for children like him (and his future instructor) commends Bingwen not only for reaching this conclusion but also for even asking why the Formics are attacking (not a question that most people ask).
* ImprovisedWeapon: The gravity laser (AKA glaser) is a new mining drill developed by [[MegaCorp Juke, Ltd.]], to quickly and efficiently break apart asteroids for resources. The engineers claim that the bigger the asteroid, the larger the effect of the directed gravity field. When the Formics attack, none of the weapons in Earth's arsenal prove useful against the [[DeflectorShield shielded]] Formic ships. Then Ukko Jukes suggests using the glaser, believing that the gravity field will pass right through the shields and break the enemy ships down into molecules. Hmm, maybe it's just what the ''[[IncrediblyLamePun doctor]]'' ordered.
** Lem Jukes devises an alternative to make the glaser safer to the firing ship, as the first test against a large asteroid created an expanding field that nearly consumed the ship itself. The alternative involves two glasers being launched bola-style towards the target, attaching themselves at the poles, and firing glasers, which keeps the destructive field limited to the target itself. While the engineer in charge of the project claims that this is not cost effective (both enormously-expensive glasers would be destroyed in the process), Lem reveals that he plans for this to be used as a weapon against the Formics.
* InadequateInheritor: No matter what Lem Jukes does, it's never good enough for his father Ukko Jukes. The only thing that Lem thinks will impress his old man is if Lem takes over Juke, Ltd., from within. However, even this turns out to be part of Ukko's plan, who wants to turn his son into a hero who personally led the attack on the Formics in the final battle (which is partly true), hand the company over to Lem, and become the first Hegemon.
* ItWillNeverCatchOn: In ''The Swarm'':
--> '''Vaganov:''' "Careers like his implode sooner or later. Particularly considering this ridiculous tactic he's pursuing, the training of preteens for space combat. He can't expect anyone to take him seriously."
* KissingCousins: ''Earth Unaware'' starts with Concepción calling Victor into her office and telling him that they're sending his second cousin and good friend Alejandra to live on an Italian miner ship, as all the adults can see that Victor and Alejandra are behaving more than just "good friends" or "good cousins". Victor is initially indignant of the notion that he would be "dogging" (i.e. marrying within the clan) but then realizes that he really ''did'' unconsciously love Alejandra. He accepts Concepción's decision for the good of the clan and refuses to see Alejandra off so as not to unintentionally reveal his affection to the Italians.
* LoveInterest: Dr. Kim Arnsbrach for Mazer Rackham. They have an on-and-off relationship due to Kim's work and Mazer's military service. Mazer finally breaks it off for good, claiming that he doesn't want Kim to be a widow should he be killed in battle. After the First Invasion, though, he changes his mind and proposes to Kim, although he admits that he has just enlisted in the newly-created International Fleet. Kim briefly muses on the possibly advantages of changing her last name from "Arnsbrach" to "Rackham" before admitting that it's not much of an improvement. She still accepts.
** Imala Bootstamp for Victor Delgado, although Victor refuses to see it. In the end, when Victor decides to go back to his clan in the belt (as the [[spoiler:only surviving adult male]]), Imala decides to join him over his objections (mostly having to do with her throwing away her career). Imala is perfectly willing to go to the middle of nowhere to "find happiness".
** Averted with Lem Jukes and Despoina. Lem initially seduces Des, who is one of his father's personal assistants, in order to get information that his father doesn't want him to know. He keeps planning to break it off, but usually ends up continuing the secret relationship. Despoina isn't stupid and tells him that she knows it's not going to last but asks him to let her down gently when he tires of her. Later, Lem finds an email from Despoina to his father, informing him of Lem's plans. He realizes that Des was his father's plant all along and has her arrested and deported from Luna under false charges. His father later admits that he faked the email to test Simona, his most trusted assistant, whom he fires after she shows Lem the email, proving that her (secret) love for Lem is greater than her loyalty to Ukko. Lem is angry with his father for playing with people's lives like that.
* MadeOfIndestructium: There's nothing in the human arsenal that can even dent the hull of a Formic ship (their fighters and landers are aversions). This includes gravity-based weapons, although they can damage turrets. Only Formic "gamma plasma" can punch through the hull material, but human scientists have no dies how to make, store, or fire it.
* MeaningfulName: The mining ship ''El Cavador'' stands for "the digger" in Spanish.
** A young man named "Victor" ends up serving a key role in defeating the Formics.
** "Imala" means "strong-minded" in Apache. Imala Bootstamp definitely fits.
* MegaCorp: Juke, Ltd., runs most of the mining operations in the Solar System. It's owner and CEO Ukko Jukes realizes that the best weapon against the Formics is his company's latest invention, the gravity laser, designed to quickly cut through asteroids, and seeks to weaponize it.
** Among its competitors is WU-HU, a Chinese corporation that also plays a part in the trilogy.
* TheMothership: The First Invasion involves a single huge ship arriving to the Solar System and heading straight for Earth. The ship is armed with a single turret but also has emitters all along its hull that violently expel "gamma plasma" collected with its {{Ramscoop}}. The mothership holds a number of landers and hundreds of smaller fighter craft.
** Averted at the end of the prequel trilogy with the SequelHook. Victor's cousin scans records from the Parallax satellites and discovers that the "mothership" was actually a ''scout'' ship sent ahead of the real mothership, which is many times bigger. The records also show that the Formics aboard the real mothership are cannibalizing it to turn it into an armada.
* MultinationalTeam: The Mobile Operations Police (or [=MOPs=]) is formed from the cream of the crop of various special forces branches all over the world. They get sent into hot zones where no one else will dare go. In ''Earth Unaware'', Captain Wit O'Toole (the commander of the [=MOPs=]), orders them to prepare for any conceivable scenario, including a battle against a technologically-superior enemy (e.g. aliens), since their usual enemies are in Third World countries. Lieutenant Mazer Rackham of the New Zealand SAS is invited to try out for the [=MOPs=] ([[spoiler:he fails the test]]).
** When the Internation Fleet is formed, it's modeled on the [=MOPs=].
* NeckSnap: Mazer finds that they work on Formics.
* NukeEm: A massive nuclear strike fails to reach the Formic mothership, as its point-defense weapons easily pick off the missiles long before they get in range. Instead, dozens of satellites are wiped out, crippling Earth's communication network.
** [[spoiler:Mazer and two [=MOP=]s get a briefcase nuke aboard a Formic lander and blow it up from the inside]].
* ObstructiveBureaucrat: Endemic to the Lunar Trade Department, much to Victor's frustration. Fortunately his caseworker Imala Bootstamp is one of the exceptions.
** The STASA captain who declares that any ships that fires at the Formics will be committing an illegal act and prosecuted accordingly. Why? Because he wants to show the aliens that humans are a peaceful race. This is after he has just witnessed the Formic ship easily swatting aside a fleet of 64 corporate and free miner ships at Cleopatra.
** In the second prequel trilogy, the IF is full of these, officers, who care more about their careers and pockets than humanity's survival. Competent soldiers and marines are sidelined and kept from making waves. Their ideas are ignored simply because they don't come from the officers themselves. Many are involved with defense contractors, helping to push through any number of possible weapons and equipment, whether or not they're good.
* PointDefenseless: Averted. All mining ships are equipped with "pebble-killers", lasers designed to take out small rocks that pose a danger to the ship. The Formic mothership's "gamma plasma" laser turrets are ''very'' effective, picking off every nuke launched at it. They don't destroy the short-range missiles launched by the multinational assault force, but that's because the turrets are busy destroying the ships. The missiles never get past the shield anyway.
* {{Retcon}}: In ''Ender's Game'', it's stated that the Formic presense was discovered when astronomers saw the asteroid Eros "blacking out" and sent a ship to investigate. The ship subsequently transmitted a video showing Formics boarding and slaughtering the crew but not touching communications equipment (as they don't understand radio-communication). In the ''Formic Wars'' comic and the prequel novels, Eros is not mentioned at all. Instead, the Formics send a mothership that heads straight for Earth, destroying several mining ships and several {{Space Station}}s on the way. The final battle between the Formics and the humans isn't even done by an organized military force but by a MegaCorp using [[ImprovisedWeapon repurposed mining equipment]]. It's also claimed in ''Ender's Game'' that the First and Second Invasions were fought with nuclear missiles. In the prequels, nothing the Earth militaries are throwing at the Formic mothership and the landers has any effect due to DeflectorShields. Only gravity-based weapons developed by Juke, Ltd., have any effect. These are later repurposed for the newly-created International Fleet.
** Also, in ''Ender's Game'', it's specifically mentioned that the ArtificialGravity was ImportedAlienPhlebotinum, reverse-engineered from Formic/Bugger technology. However, in ''Earth Afire'', it's stated that Juke Ltd. already has gravity-lensing technology, allowing aircraft to fly using projected gravity fields. It seems that they didn't need the aliens after all.
** All these inconsistencies are corrected in the ''Ender's Game Alive'' audioplay. Both the Free Miners and Juke, Ltd., are mentioned. In fact, in the audioplay, the Formics ''don't'' have ArtificialGravity, but humans do.
* ScaryBlackMan: Captain Arjuna of the ''Gagak'', a Somali salvage ship. Unlike most Somali salvage ships, frequently called "vultures" for their pirate-like tactics, the crew of the ''Gagak'' call themselves "crows" and only go after ships that have no live crew remaining. Arjuna proves himself to be a man of honor and is far less sexist than most of his crew, although he frequently has to make decisions based on what his crew will accept (e.g. refuse partnership with Rena Delgado because women may not be full partners with men in Somali culture).
* SequelHook: While it's a ForegoneConclusion that the Second Invasion follows the First, it's still a little jarring when the ending of the trilogy reveals that the huge alien ship that took so much effort to defeat was little more than a scout ship sent ahead of the actual Formic mothership that is currently on the way. Worse, the truly enormous ship is being rapidly cannibalized by the Formics in order to create an armada. Then there's the creation of the International Fleet and Mazer enlisting in it.
* SomebodySetUpUsTheBomb: The [=MOPs=] manage to destroy a Formic lander by getting a suitcase nuke aboard. Unfortunately, [[spoiler:one of the [=MOPs=] is forced to stay behind to keep the Formics from disarming it]].
* SpaceNavy: The International Fleet is formed right after the First Invasion. Nothing of the kind has existed before that. Humanity's only presence in the Solar System mostly consisted of AsteroidMiners, a few {{Space Station}}s, and a Moon base.
** Even before that, the US and several other countries weaponize 50 shuttles in order to take out the Formic mothership in a concentrated multinational assault. [[spoiler:It's a spectacular [[CurbStompBattle failure]]]].
** Juke, Ltd., receives the lucrative contract to build most of the fleet, shifting their focus away from mining and towards shipbuilding.
* SpacePirates: The so-called "vultures" are salvage ships (frequently of Somali origin) who "salvage" ships that still have people aboard. The people are usually ThrownOutTheAirlock. The "crows" are the salvagers who only go after ships with all the crew already dead, so they don't really fit this trope (then again, most non-Somali tend not to differentiate between the two groups).
* TooDumbToLive: The UN during the initial days of the Formic ship's arrival to Earth's orbit. Despite Ukko Juke's warning about the aliens' clearly hostile nature and the fact that they know about the aliens destroying dozens of mining ships and several space stations on its way to Earth, the UN still thinks that the aliens are probably peaceful and that the miners were the ones who provoked a violent response. Only a few nations urge the creation of a coalition that would start building defenses, but the proposals get shut down in the UN Security Council by the big boys. Essentially, everyone is too worried about politics in the face of an alien invasion. It takes [[spoiler:the destruction of the Egyptian ambassador's shuttle]] to finally get the UN to see the truth.
* WeaponizedExhaust: The mothership focuses gamma radiation from its drive into lasers for point defense. It also periodically vents radiation in all directions, much to the hazard of everyone around it.
** For a non-space example, there are the Chinese [[DrillTank drill sledges]]. Their propulsion involves the rock that's being crushed by the front-mounted drill being passed through the vehicle to the rear, being melted on the way and spewing out in a superheated jet of lava. Pointing the sledge away from the target seems like a good way to melt pretty much anything. This is used effectively by [[spoiler:Mazer and two [=MOPs=] to melt a hole in a Formic lander's underside in order to get a nuke inside]].
* WeHaveReserves: The miners are shocked to see the Formics fight in this manner, sacrificing two or three of them to get rid of one miner, exiting their ship without spacesuits.
** The Chinese also fight like this when invaded by the Formics, who are using face-melting gas.
* WellDoneSonGuy: See InadequateInheritor.
[[/folder]]
13th Sep '16 9:43:59 PM PaulA
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* The second begins with ''Ender's Shadow'', a [[POVSequel retelling]] of ''Ender's Game'' from the viewpoint of Bean, one of his friends. The Shadow series then follows Bean in the [[TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture Twenty More Minutes Into The Future]] Earth, consisting of ''Shadow of the Hegemon'', ''Shadow Puppets'', and ''Shadow of the Giant''. The Shadow series--whose novels might accurately be described as {{Thriller}}s--is a more direct continuation of the original novel and its themes of war and politics (with ''Hegemon'' being described by its author as "a giant game of {{Risk}}"), and many more characters from the original book appear in it. ''Shadows in Flight'' loses the politics and is more contemporary with the Ender Sequels, though still a Bean story.

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* The second begins with ''Ender's Shadow'', ''Literature/EndersShadow'', a [[POVSequel retelling]] of ''Ender's Game'' from the viewpoint of Bean, one of his friends. The Shadow series then follows Bean in the [[TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture Twenty More Minutes Into The Future]] Earth, consisting of ''Shadow of the Hegemon'', ''Shadow Puppets'', and ''Shadow of the Giant''. The Shadow series--whose novels might accurately be described as {{Thriller}}s--is a more direct continuation of the original novel and its themes of war and politics (with ''Hegemon'' being described by its author as "a giant game of {{Risk}}"), and many more characters from the original book appear in it. ''Shadows in Flight'' loses the politics and is more contemporary with the Ender Sequels, though still a Bean story.



* RagtagBunchOfMisfits: Dragon Army seems like this, as none of the members really stood out from the crowd in their previous armies. Ender's leadership and empathy draws them together into the finest unit the school has ever seen. Later played with in ''Ender's Shadow:'' [[spoiler:It's revealed that the teachers had assigned Bean to handpick the best army possible, with the stipulation that they all had to be either launchies or on transfer lists. So, rookies and misfits, but specifically the best possible bunch of rookies and misfits.]]

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* RagtagBunchOfMisfits: Dragon Army seems like this, as none of the members really stood out from the crowd in their previous armies. Ender's leadership and empathy draws them together into the finest unit the school has ever seen. Later played with in ''Ender's Shadow:'' [[spoiler:It's revealed that the teachers had assigned Bean to handpick the best army possible, with the stipulation that they all had to be either launchies or on transfer lists. So, rookies and misfits, but specifically the best possible bunch of rookies and misfits.]]



* TheSmurfettePrinciple:
** Petra is the only girl ever mentioned at the Battle School; when Ender is first recruited, it is mentioned that girls rarely pass the tests to get in. However, Ender's sister Valentine proves to be an important character.
** More girls are present in the ''Shadow'' series, though. In particular, Virlomi is a key character who becomes the spiritual leader of her native India during [[spoiler:the Chinese occupation]].

to:

* TheSmurfettePrinciple:
**
TheSmurfettePrinciple: Petra is the only girl ever mentioned at the Battle School; when Ender is first recruited, it is mentioned that girls rarely pass the tests to get in. However, Ender's sister Valentine proves to be an important character.
** More girls are present in the ''Shadow'' series, though. In particular, Virlomi is a key character who becomes the spiritual leader of her native India during [[spoiler:the Chinese occupation]].
character.



* {{Tykebomb}}: The entire school is set up so innocent kids can be manipulated into perfect commanders. This [[GoneHorriblyRight works a bit too well]] for them in the ''Ender's Shadow'' series, as the kids that return to Earth after Command School go on to vie for world domination before the still-literally [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychopathy psychopathic]] [[spoiler:Peter Wiggin ''saves the whole world'' by semi-exiling all of them to interstellar colonies; one to each, so that they can each get to rule a world]].



* WaveMotionGun: the Little Doctor, a.k.a. MD Device, which operates on the principle of crossing two lasers to create a chain reaction of molecular disintegration. In the first novel it's described as a beam weapon; the POVSequel [[TechnologyMarchesOn houses the device in a bomb]]. The first novel also implies that the fleets are armed with ''only'' the Little Doctor, but without clustering, the ships are picked off one at a time. In ''Ender's Shadow'', it's claimed that the Little Doctor is used only twice. The rest of the time, (presumably) nukes are used. This is probably why the weapon was retconned.

to:

* WaveMotionGun: the Little Doctor, a.k.a. MD Device, which operates on the principle of crossing two lasers to create a chain reaction of molecular disintegration. In the first novel it's described as a beam weapon; the POVSequel [[TechnologyMarchesOn houses the device in a bomb]]. The first novel also implies that the fleets are armed with ''only'' the Little Doctor, but without clustering, the ships are picked off one at a time. In ''Ender's Shadow'', it's claimed that the Little Doctor is used only twice. The rest of the time, (presumably) nukes are used. This is probably why the weapon was retconned.



[[folder:''Shadow'' series]]
-->''"You think anybody will ask me for military advice? Because I'm going to get into this war, even if I have to lie about my age and join the marines.''"

* ActionGirl: any female Battle School grad would be this, but Petra and Virlomi are the only ones who have any major prominence in the story, so they get the awards.
* AfterTheEnd: of the Formic War, that is.
* AirVentPassageway: Used for various stealth tactics.
* AmazinglyEmbarrassingParents: how Peter perceives his family.
* ArcWelding
** ''Ender in Exile'' is described in the afterword as both a "[[{{Interquel}} midquel]]" to ''Ender's Game'' and a sequel to ''Shadow of the Giant''.
** ''Shadows Alive'' is set to be a sequel to both ''Shadows in Flight'' and ''Children of the Mind''.
* AscendedExtra: Bean and Petra, who become the main characters of this series after getting only a few lines in ''Ender's Game'' (despite being two of his best friends, thanks to Ender's isolation).
** Not to mention all the other Battle School graduates that warranted maybe one or two lines in the original book.
* BabiesEverAfter: Orson Scott Card's opinion that raising a family is the only true happiness is [[{{Anvilicious}} certainly in full force here]]. Leads to, among other things, {{Chickification}}.
** Subverted in "Shadow Puppets", where John Paul is shown contemplating why and how much he loves his children.
** Gets impressively creepy by "Shadows In Flight" with [[spoiler: Bean's plan to continue his genetic offshoots]]
* BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor: [[TheNapoleon Bean]] wants to get bigger. He will. [[SquareCubeLaw Too big.]]
* BecomingTheMask: Peter spends so long pretending to be [[spoiler: a benevolent ruler]] that he eventually does legitimately become one.
* BetrayalByInaction: In ''Shadow Puppets'', former ally Suriyawong becomes TheDragon for Achilles, who seeks to conquer the world. Suriyawong knows that Achilles has killed those who gave him help, so he always frames his aid as just giving his boss the tools to solve his own problems, such as a knife to escape his captors. When Achilles is finally confronted by his rival Bean, who's pulled a gun on him, Achilles calls for Suri to save him. [[GoodAllAlong Suriyawong]] just gives him [[NeverBringAKnifeToAGunFight a knife]] then leaves, having fulfilled his plan to betray Achilles at the very moment he needed help.
* BewareTheSuperman: The Battle School graduates are treated as [[PersonOfMassDestruction People Of Mass Destruction]] throughout the series, for increasingly justifiable reasons. And then there's the fear and loathing about Bean.
* BiblicalMotifs: Anton's Key is explicitly likened to the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, and Volescu is compared to the Snake. When first describing the Key, Anton points out that the Literature/BookOfGenesis mentions a Tree of Life alongside the Tree of Knowledge, and that Adam and Eve's decision to eat from the latter required rejecting the former (choosing knowledge over eternal life); this is exactly the dilemma that children like Bean face when the Key is turned, as it gives them SuperIntelligence [[BlessedWithSuck at the cost of having a drastically reduced lifespan]]. Likewise, Sister Carlotta compares Bean's life on the streets--to which he was condemned after escaping from Volescu's lab as a baby--to Adam and Eve's exile from the Garden of Eden.
* BilingualBonus: This series introduces Battle School slang, which is appropriately polyglot since Battle School draws children from all over the world. ''All'' of them are variations or corruptions of extant non-English words and phrases, but we'll stick with the one you'll hear most: the slang term for a personal army, "jeesh," comes from the Arabic جيش ("jaysh"), literally meaning "army" or "corps".
* BlessedWithSuck: Bean. [[spoiler:His brain can keep growing and making new neurons... but only because his body grows too, until his heart gives out or his spine caves in, thanks to the SquareCubeLaw.]]
* BrotherSisterIncest: Discussed in "Shadows in Flight" [[spoiler: Bean planned for his children to reproduce with each other test-tubely and suggested they should raise their offspring separately so that the incest taboos wouldn't kick in and THEY could breed with each other naturally.]]
* AChildShallLeadThem
* ConfusionFu: Achilles's M.O.
** Adopted by Bean when he [[spoiler:Kills Achilles]]
* CutLexLuthorACheck: Hyper-competitive supergeniuses are throwing earth into nonstop war, so Graff gives each of them a planet to rule.
* DoubleMeaningTitle: The title of ''Ender's Shadow'' refers to Bean's role as Ender's overlooked [[TheLancer friend, adviser and primary foil]], but also to the proverbial shadow cast by Ender's larger-than-life legacy; unlike the direct sequels to ''Ender's Game'', the books in the Shadow Cycle deal with the direct consequences of Ender's actions, as they take place in the immediate aftermath of the Formic War.
* EvilutionaryBiologist: Volescu.
* FakeDefector: Revealed with the MeaningfulEcho below.
* FalseFlagOperation: Several in ''Shadow of the Hegemon''. When the Chakri (Thailand's supreme commander) decides to get rid of [[spoiler:Bean and Suriyawong]], he blows up the barracks where they are staying and blames it on an Indian strike force in order to justify a military response. However, as [[spoiler:the boys]] survive, the Chakri's deception is discovered, but the Prime Minister of Thailand decides to maintain the ruse for the same purpose.
** Also, when preparing to attack [[spoiler:Thailand]], [[spoiler:China]] sends a truck with a hidden missile launcher across the border in order to shoot down a [[spoiler:Chinese]] plane in [[spoiler:Chinese airspace]] full of [[spoiler:Thai]] passengers. Then [[spoiler:China]] would claim that [[spoiler:Thailand]] deliberately set up the attack on its own citizens in order to justify attacking [[spoiler:China]], thus allowing [[spoiler:China]] to strike first.
* FantasticSlur: "Bugger" is retconned into this (the aliens are officially called "Formics").
* FriendlyEnemies: though the members of Ender's Jeesh end up opposing each other at various times, the lines of communication remain open. (Especially since they all have each other's email addresses.)
* GambitPileup: Hoo boy. ''The whole world'' is one big Gambit Pileup.
* GambitRoulette: Petra's dragon. She sends a message to a single individual by creating an internet meme and hiding the actual message in one of the pixels, when there is no way Bean could have known that she was sending him a message at all before he saw it.
* GeneticEngineeringIsTheNewNuke
* AGodAmI: Virlomi
* HappilyMarried: The Wiggins and the Delphikis.
* [[spoiler:TheHeroDies: Bean finally succumbs to his condition at the ''very'' end of ''Shadows in Flight''.]]
* IfYouKillHimYouWillBeJustLikeHim: subverted, ''for laughs''. (They don't actually kill him.)
* InsufferableGenius: Bean. (Dies down a little once he stops being an [[UnusualEuphemism emossin]]' little showoff.)
* IntelligenceEqualsIsolation: Bean is a loner for the most part.
* ItsPronouncedTropAY: Since Achilles is a French-speaking Walloon from the Netherlands, several characters have to be reminded that his chosen name is actually pronounced "Ah-SHEEL" rather than "Ah-KILL-ees".
* KidHeroAllGrownUp: Bean and Petra, as well as all of the other kids from Ender's Game/Shadow have grown up to be major player in the political field of post-war Earth. Grown Up is also taken somewhat more literally in Bean's case...
* LongLostSibling
* ManipulativeBastard: Achilles de Flandres.
* MeaningfulEcho: "I expect you to solve your own problems."
** Followed by another one. "I serve the Hegemon." Serves as Suriyawong's CrowningMomentOfAwesome
* MemeticMutation: {{invoked}} by Petra, who ''starts'' a meme to send a MessageInABottle.
* MoeGreeneSpecial: [[spoiler:Achilles.]]
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: multiple Battle School grads, in a row, though most particularly Virlomi. (Deliberately set up by Graff so that he can manipulate them further.)
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: Nice job getting Bonso so pissed off he tries to kill/maim Ender, Bean.
* NotBloodSiblings: once again inverted. Bean becomes very close friends with Nikolai Delphiki and calls him as good as a brother, before discovering that his "creator" (Volescu) stole some of the Delphikis' IVF embryos for modification. One of those embryos became, of course, Bean.
* NotMyDriver
** Lampshaded by Petra.
* NudityEqualsHonesty: In ''Shadow of the Giant'', Virlomi, the leader of India, travels to the capital of the Muslim League (a future Middle Eastern alliance) to meet Alai their Caliph. When his guards demand she be checked by security, Virlomi strips naked in front of all of them. It's not as benign as most examples of this trope, though, as she's openly taunting their religion ([[UsefulNotes/IslamicDress Islam finds female skin exposure offensive]]), and because she's also doing it as a threat. Should Alai not agree to her demands, Virlomi threatens to leaves their headquarters naked and let the rest of the world assume sexual assault.
* NumberTwo / HypercompetentSidekick: Julian "Bean" Delphiki, by definition: there's a reason the first two book titles are, "Shadow of [Someone Else]". (At least, until the final book, where it is ''him'' casting the shadow.)
* ObfuscatingStupidity: what John Paul and Theresa Wiggin have been displaying to let their kids run mad.
* ThePlan: Even more so than the original novel, now that there are ''multiple'' Battle School grads and worthy contenders all trying to outthink, outmaneuver, and outpsych each other for their own ends.
* POVSequel: Basically the whole point of ''Ender's Shadow''.
* PrettyLittleHeadshots: Averted. Many people are shot in the head, and it's a messy affair. Specifically, when [[spoiler:Achilles]] shoots Petra's protector in the head from point-blank range, Petra is covered in blood and brain matter. Later on, the blood spatter is used to analyze the size and rough shape of who was sitting in the back seat and walked out alive (i.e. the missing silhouette).
** However, [[spoiler:Achilles]] gets a MoeGreeneSpecial, and it strikes so perfectly that it'd said he looks like he just fell asleep.
* PreventTheWar: Ender's siblings Valentine and Peter pick up evidence of the New Warsaw Pact gearing for war, as the current peace is based solely on fear of the alien Formics, who are about to be defeated. They adopt false identities as the demagogues "Locke" and "Desmothenes" to warn citizens over the nets about the broiling situation in Russia.
* ProperlyParanoid: Bean. As soon as he starts feeling that he's currently too vulnerable, it probably means there's an airstrike headed in his direction.
* RankedByIQ: A Battle School teacher creates resentment toward young Bean from his classmates by revealing that Bean scored highest among them not just on IQ, but on every aptitude measure but one that of physical ability, since Bean is much younger and smaller.
** It is later revealed that he also scored extremely low in what is arguably one of the most important traits, ''ambition''. Or specifically, the need to dominate and destroy others.
* RememberTheNewGuy: Shows up a fair bit once ''Shadow of the Hegemon'' starts, particularly with several of the Battle School graduates. A particular twist is the language: the word "jeesh" is used constantly, as it's the Battle School slang for an army or team, despite the fact that it was never once used in ''Ender's Game'' or ''Ender's Shadow''.
* {{Retcon}}:
** Bean's internal monologues from ''Ender's Game'' have been replaced with new ones in ''Ender's Shadow'' to better fit with his new backstory and characterization. For example, there's a brief scene from Bean's POV where he remembers his mother and father back on earth, whereas in the ''Shadow'' series he's been a street urchin since he was an infant. However, any other scenes shared in the two books remain the same.
** Also, the same lines of dialogue replace the word "Bugger" with "Formic", likely because of the ''other'' meaning of the first word. Though "Bugger" comes up in an early conversation between Bean and Sister Carlotta, it's retconned as a FantasticSlur (Carlotta corrects Bean when he insists on referring to the aliens by it).
** The MD Device (The Little Doctor) is changed as well. In the original, it was described as a beam weapon. In ''Ender's Shadow,'' it's housed in a bomb.
** ''Shadows in Flight'' retcons away a lot of what we were told about the Formics in the Ender books. [[spoiler:The Hive Queen that Ender carries assures him she's the last one and behaves like it, but Bean finds a Formic colony ship that not only had a Hive Queen until fairly recently, but was also in contact with Ender's Hive Queen. He's prevented from sending Ender any messages about it, though.]]
* RussiaTakesOverTheWorld: Exploited but ultimately subverted. Achilles, looking to TakeOverTheWorld, sees Russia returning to militarism and allies himself with them promised to make them a great empire. While Russia does increase in power under his command, including forming a New Warsaw Pact, Achilles has his eye on bigger fish, and sells them out to trade himself over to India, and then to China. In the end he's defeated and a global union is formed instead to command the world.
* SerialKiller: Achilles.
* ShaggyDogStory: ''Shadows In Flight'' retroactively makes a lot of Ender's journey after ''Ender's Game'' rather pointless by pointing out the obvious. Namely, [[spoiler:the Formics would have to be idiots to keep all the queens in one place for any reason, they'd have to be idiots to trust their last queen to the mercy of a human and they'd have to be idiots to tell him everything about themselves, such as the fact that workers are slaves, not just extensions of themselves. So there are probably a lot of queens still out there, even if the Hive Queen that Bean's group found was dead.]] This does involve some retcons, though, [[spoiler:given that the Hive Queen thought of herself as the last queen in ''Children of the Mind'' and behaved as such even though she was in contact with the ship Bean's group found.]] And Ender did figure part of this out on his own, namely that [[spoiler:workers aren't as mindless as they're stated to be, though he underestimates the extent of this.]]
* SkipTheAnesthetic: Achilles asks for this when his leg is operated on. The doctor puts him under anyway, [[DisproportionateRetribution so he kills her]]. Although, it's heavily implied that he would have killed her anyway, as he hates anyone seeing him in a position of weakness.
* SuddenlyAlwaysKnewThat: Bean gets a dose of it in order to fit in in Thailand.
* TakeOverTheWorld: ''Shadow of the Hegemon'' and ''Shadow Puppets'' are a reconstruction of this trope. They present a well thought-out political scenario where this could actually happen, and a super-genius villain who could probably pull it off.
* UnusualEuphemism: Battle School slang allows OSC to get away with swearing in foreign languages.
* WeHaveReserves: At the time of ''Shadow of the Hegemon'', India has the largest population in the world (over 1.5 billion), and an appropriately large army. So, naturally, their military leaders try to overwhelm their enemies with sheer numbers despite heavy attrition. All the Battle School kids can see how stupid this idea is, and indeed [[spoiler:it's being fed to the Indians deliberately in order to make them vulnerable to the more sophisticated Chinese army]].
* WellDoneSonGuy: Peter. With an added bonus that he has been OvershadowedByAwesome Younger Brother by the age of 16, even though he (Peter) had already proved himself at that point to be one of the greatest statesmen in history. This is basically Peter's FreudianExcuse and combines with his sociopathy in interesting ways.
* WritersCannotDoMath: Super genius Bean adds up the number of toon leaders and seconds in an army divided into five toons, adds one for himself (who was in command of a special "part-time" toon) and comes up with nine instead of eleven. Card was apparently still thinking of the four-toon system the armies used before Ender shook things up.
* XanatosSpeedChess: Peter's bid for permanent world peace and united govenment.
** Also Achilles playing the same game, except as a villain.
* [[ArtisticLicenseHistory You Fail History Forever]]: In-universe. Achilles seems to think that UsefulNotes/VladimirLenin made UsefulNotes/JosephStalin into his trusted [[TheDragon Dragon]], until Stalin turned against him and killed him. In RealLife, Lenin hated Stalin and tried to discourage him from gaining power, only for Stalin to do so after Vladimir's death.
[[/folder]]
11th Sep '16 9:12:44 PM PaulA
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* BabiesEverAfter: OrsonScottCard's opinion that raising a family is the only true happiness is [[{{Anvilicious}} certainly in full force here]]. Leads to, among other things, {{Chickification}}.

to:

* BabiesEverAfter: OrsonScottCard's Orson Scott Card's opinion that raising a family is the only true happiness is [[{{Anvilicious}} certainly in full force here]]. Leads to, among other things, {{Chickification}}.
10th Sep '16 2:49:04 PM bobfrank
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Added DiffLines:

* ItWillNeverCatchOn: In ''The Swarm'':
--> '''Vaganov:''' "Careers like his implode sooner or later. Particularly considering this ridiculous tactic he's pursuing, the training of preteens for space combat. He can't expect anyone to take him seriously."
25th Aug '16 4:27:30 PM ChronoLegion
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* AChildShallLeadThem: In the second prequel, the Chinese military gives Bingwen, a young but brilliant farmboy, his own command, consisting of a few dozen soldiers. His superior hand-picks the soldiers, who are least likely to accept a child as an officer and replaces them as Bingwen brings them to his side. This is all done to train the boy for the realities of command.



** These are one of the first pieces of Formic tech to be reverse-engineered by Jukes, Ltd. In fact, they manage to improve on the design, making them more powerful.



* MadeOfIndestructium: There's nothing in the human arsenal that can even dent the hull of a Formic ship (their fighters and landers are aversions). This includes gravity-based weapons, although they can damage turrets. Only Formic "gamma plasma" can punch through the hull material, but human scientists have no dies how to make, store, or fire it.



** "Imala" means "strong-minded" in a Native American language. Imala Bootstamp definitely fits.

to:

** "Imala" means "strong-minded" in a Native American language.Apache. Imala Bootstamp definitely fits.


Added DiffLines:

** In the second prequel trilogy, the IF is full of these, officers, who care more about their careers and pockets than humanity's survival. Competent soldiers and marines are sidelined and kept from making waves. Their ideas are ignored simply because they don't come from the officers themselves. Many are involved with defense contractors, helping to push through any number of possible weapons and equipment, whether or not they're good.
25th Aug '16 4:11:52 PM ChronoLegion
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** Also "gamma plasma", gamma radiation is photons, not matter like plasma. Which actually would make it a lot easier to focus into lasers.

to:

** Also "gamma plasma", gamma radiation is photons, not matter like plasma. Which actually would make it a lot easier to focus into lasers. At least this is addressed in the second prequel trilogy, where a scientist explains that they keep using the name for lack of a better term, even though it's not a good description. They simply don't understand how it works, so they're forced to use a term given to them by an asteroid miner.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Literature.EndersGame