- The casino rez: Any tribe that is rich on their casinos. Naturally, some traditionalist will oppose this, even if gambling is traditional.
- The magical rez: A forest setting, very reminiscent of the moon of Endor. Expect totem poles and cabins. Sometimes is replaced by a desert setting. Whatever the case, the message is that the locals are Closer to Earth.
- The political rez: This reservation is basically a third-world country, complete with the American-backed oppressive regime, exploitation of resources (usually uranium), and soul-crushing poverty. Since this basically describes Pine Ridge in The '70s (as well as now), Truth in Television.
- The phlebotinum-hiding rez: A subversion of the political rez: Here, the locals only pretend to be poor to hide their Applied Phlebotinum. This will be important.
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- The fictional Keewazi tribe of the Marvel Universe are a phlebotinum-hiding rez.
- The X-Man Warpath's rez in Camp Verde, Arizona was the phlebotinum-hiding variety.
- Scalped is set in a casino rez in South Dakota that brushes up against the political rez at times.
- Paran Katar found Katar Hol's mother in one of these.
- Chief Man-of-Bats, the Native American answer to Batman, patrols The Rez. On his first brief appearance in 1954, it was the magical rez as much as anything, but when the character was revived in the 21st century, his neighborhood had become the political rez.
- The minor Marvel hero American Eagle lives on a political rez in Navajo country. During Fear Itself, he had to defend the reservation from white supremacists seeking to take advantage of the chaos unleashed by the Serpent to wipe out the natives so that they could finalize a deal to build a wind farm without having to share the profits with the natives living nearby.
Film — Live Action
- Thunderheart is made of the political rez. Given that it's based on Pine Ridge in The '70s, yeah.
- The Crow: Wicked Prayer had a political rez.
- White Fawn's Devotion is an 11-minute short film from 1910 and the oldest surviving film made by Native Americans. It depicts a white man and a Sioux woman living on the Pine Ridge reservation, and what happens when the man receives word of a large inheritance.
- Smoke Signals, also made entirely by Native people, follows the adventures of two Coeur d'Alene boys who leave their reservation to retrieve the ashes of one boy's father from Phoenix, Arizona. Given that the movie is based on a short story by Sherman Alexie, the Coeur d'Alene reservation is presented as a political rez, albeit a somewhat muted version.
- Sherman Alexie likes to use the political rez, but a lot of his Indians are urban.
- Tony Hillerman's mystery novels are set in a combination political/magical rez on the Arizona New Mexico border featuring Navajo Tribal Police.
- Mentioned in two of Jodi Picoult's novels. In Vanishing Acts, Delia goes with her friend Ruthann to the Hopi reservation where Ruthann used to live. This portrayal is a combination of political and magical. It is also mentioned in Harvesting the Heart, when Nicholas volunteers medical services at a Hopi reservation. This time the reservation is solidly political, with Nicholas having to deal with the lack of other doctors.
- WP Kinsella's Dance Me Outside, made into a film of the same name and the television series The Rez. Subverted "political" type, in that most of the subject matter is semi-comedic.
- Alan Dean Foster's Cyber Way largely takes place on the Navajo (Dineh) reservation. Somewhat of a phlebotinum-hiding rez. The novel is set in the near future and the reservation has built a duty-free international airport, so is not particularly poor, but also has some hidden phlebotinum.
- Poul Anderson's novella "Peek! I See You!" (Analog, February 1968) has an independent pilot chasing a flying saucer that proves to be an artificially generated plasmoid masking a real alien spacecraft. The aliens have been using Indian reservations as rest stops and trading posts for many years, meaning that every reservation is hiding phlebotinum.
Live Action TV
- Banshee uses the political variety, but plays with it: the reservation is, in practice, just another small town right next to Banshee.
- Power Rangers went with the phlebotinum-hiding variety. An arrowhead which contains a monster.
- Star Trek has a variant where there are entire planets of Magical Native Americans.
- Stargate SG-1 also had at least one Magical Rez planet.
- The X-Files has Mulder and Scully traveling to reservations a number of times, ranging from political, such as the season 1 episode of "Shadows", to phlebotinum hiding, like in the episode "Anasazi", the finale of season 2.
- The Canadian series The Rez, fairly obviously.
- The Hekawi reservation on F Troop was a variation of the casino type, in that the Indians are always conniving to turn a profit through the sale of souvenirs and participation in Sergeant O'Rourke's illegal schemes. Subverted in that the scripts tended to Lampshade and deconstruct many of the stereotypes of Native Americans at the time.
- The Our America With Lisa Ling episode 'Life On The Rez' shows up at Pine Ridge, so we're pretty safe calling this one political.
- On My Name Is Earl, it's stated that Patty the Daytime Hooker spent her childhood here with her father "Chasing Squirrel" after her parents divorced.
- Longmire takes place right next to a Cheyenne reservation, and a big chunk of the series involves exploring the political version. The fact that a casino is built partway through the series, as well as a few forays into native spirituality, introduce elements of both the casino and magical variants.
- Buffy Ste. Marie is fond of the political rez as is the late John Trudell.
- The Canadian mix-tape 'Brocket 99' is a mock radio station satirizing many common Aboriginal Canadian stereotypes.
- Cosmo Canyon in Final Fantasy VII is a variation on the phlebotinum-hiding variety. It starts out as the magical rez (the locals live in harmony with the Planet and study the secrets of The Lifestream). Late in the game, it's the player-party who asks if they can stash the phlebotinum there for safe-keeping.
- The village of Soo in Dragon Quest III is the magical variety.
- Apparently the Rez in Prey (2006) is of the political variety.
- The South Park episode "Red Man's Greed" is the casino variety.
- The Family Guy episode where Peter had a vision quest was an interesting subversion: They used to be the magical rez, and now they're the casino rez.
- Another episode had Brian and Stewey going back in time and messing with history, causing the Native Americans to successfully fight off the white invaders. A few scenes show how Native Americans are faring, one of which has two Natives driving through a political rez for white people.
- The Simpsons have used casino reservations.
- King of the Hill offers a mild subversion based on Real Life: just because John Redcorn is a native american, doesn't mean he's just allowed to build a casino.
- They can gamble, just not for money.
- A Pup Named Scooby-Doo had an episode with the magical rez. Of course there was a mystery involving a monster who turned out to be a guy in a costume.
- If there is a rez on Captain Planet, it will be magical.
- Futurama has the indigenous Martians living on a reservation inside the planet after the surface was purchased by an ancestor of the Wongs. It's kinda political (the Martians want their "sacred land" back because their ancestors traded it for one bead) and kinda mystical (the Martians can summon sandstorms and fly "buggalo"). Turns out in the end to be a kind of inadvertent phlebotinum-hiding type: the "bead" is actually a gigantic diamond; the Martians just assumed it was worthless and that their ancestors were cheated. They decide that since Mars is kind of a dump anyway, they'll buy some other planet and pretend it's holy.
Chief Singing Wind: With cash like this, who's gonna argue? Nobody.
- Tye Longshadow of Young Justice lived on one prior to running away.