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Creator: Pablo Neruda
Smoking from a pipe and wearing a Nice Hat… How more intellectual can you get?

“Laughter is the language of the soul.”
Pablo Neruda (and Lisa Simpson)

Born Neftalí Reyes, Pablo Neruda (1904-1973) was one of the most famous and acclaimed poets of the 20th century. And maybe of all time.

An ardent communist, he became drawn to it during the Spanish Civil War. He was also an admirer of Stalin, but became disillusioned when he learned all the horrors of his regime and his cult of personality. He didn’t abandon communism, though.

He also was a diplomatic and a political figure in his native Chile, visiting a lot of countries which inspired some of his poems. When communism was declared illegal in 1948 he flew to return in 1952. He tried to run for president in 1970, but eventually gave his support to socialist Salvador Allende, who won but eventually got deposed and died in a coup d’etat in September 11th, 1973. A little more than a week later, he died of a heart failure.

His poems tend to be very erotic, surrealistic, historical or even political (guess on which side of the political spectrum), and a lot of them are known worldwide. He even won the Nobel Prize in Literature a couple of years before his death.

He also collected houses; the three of them are open for tourists in Chile, with all the weird things he collected on display.

Some works made by the poet are:

  • Book of Twilights.
  • Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair.
  • Residence on Earth.
  • Spain in the Heart.
  • General Song.
  • And many more.

By the way, if you ask, his penname Neruda came from the Czech poet Jan Neruda. Who knows about Pablo (The Other Wiki says it could be from Paul Verlaine, though).

Tropes associated with him:

  • Arch-Enemy: He had a very personal animosity towards Chilean President Gabriel González Videla (if you read his poems insulting the president, even without naming him, you can be sure Neruda is talking about him). This, because González Videla passed a law that made the Communist Party illegal, despite the fact that he won the election only thanks to their supportnote . Neruda even capaigned for him during the election period.
  • Author Tract: Many poems seem to contrive to touch his thoughts about workers, capitalism, oppresion and similar stuff.
  • Badass Boast: “Look around. There’s only one thing of danger for you here: poetry.” The fact that he said it to the armed forces searching through his house makes it even more badass.
  • Big Fancy House: Three of them, actually, all in different cities. You can visit them if you want.
    • More exactly, two of them ("La Sebastiana" and "La Chascona") are in Valparaíso and Santiago respectively. The third is in Isla Negra (and it's named after the place), a small coastal area. The three are open for tourist visits, and they're very famous.
  • The Casanova
  • Collector of the Strange: To name a few:
    • Cards
    • Ties
    • Houses
  • Constantly Curious: His Book of Questions deals with him asking all kinds of stuff (metaphorical and nonsensical).
  • Deadpan Snarker
  • Dirty Communist: That’s how the CIA saw him.
  • Distinguished Gentleman's Pipe
  • Getting Crap Past the Radar:
    “I want to do with you what spring does with the cherry trees.”
  • Nice Hat: Never left home without it.
  • Pen Name
  • "The Reason You Suck" Speech: Incitement to Nixonicide.
  • Rule of Three: He had three women on his life: his first wife Maryka (mother of his Ill Girl daughter, Malva Marina), his second wife Delia del Carril, and the singer and nurse Matilde Urrutia.
    • He had 3 houses in Chile: La Chascona in Santiago, La Sebastiana in Valparaíso, and his most famous one in Isla Negra.
    • He also died three days after being hospitalized because of his long-time cancer.
  • Sonnet
  • The World Is Just Awesome
  • Word Salad Title

Aleksandr SolzhenitsynNobel Prize in LiteratureGabriel García Márquez
Gabriela MistralLatin American LiteratureMachado de Assis
Gabriela MistralAuthorsLu Xun
Gabriela MistralPoetryOvid

alternative title(s): Pablo Neruda
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