History UsefulNotes / WarsOfTheRoses

16th Sep '16 11:17:31 AM Morgenthaler
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On a side note, the "Wars of the Roses" were [[BeamMeUpScotty never called that by contemporaries]]. While the name does come from the [[FlowerMotifs White and Red Rose]] badges of the Yorkists and Lancastrians, respectively, it wasn't until Creator/{{Shakespeare}} and Creator/WalterScott that the conflict became known by its now common name. Earlier commentators might have called it the English Civil War (a name later taken by a [[EnglishCivilWar rather more ideological conflict]]) or perhaps as the War of the English Succession (which later became a now-disused name for the [[UsefulNotes/HanoverStuartWars Nine Years' War]]). Until WorldWarOne, the Battle of Towton was the bloodiest single day for British soldiery; around 28,000 men perished on those snowy fields, a record that would not be surpassed until the opening day of the Battle of the Somme 450 years later.

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On a side note, the "Wars of the Roses" were [[BeamMeUpScotty never called that by contemporaries]]. While the name does come from the [[FlowerMotifs White and Red Rose]] badges of the Yorkists and Lancastrians, respectively, it wasn't until Creator/{{Shakespeare}} and Creator/WalterScott that the conflict became known by its now common name. Earlier commentators might have called it the English Civil War (a name later taken by a [[EnglishCivilWar [[UsefulNotes/EnglishCivilWar rather more ideological conflict]]) or perhaps as the War of the English Succession (which later became a now-disused name for the [[UsefulNotes/HanoverStuartWars Nine Years' War]]). Until WorldWarOne, the Battle of Towton was the bloodiest single day for British soldiery; around 28,000 men perished on those snowy fields, a record that would not be surpassed until the opening day of the Battle of the Somme 450 years later.
6th Sep '16 2:27:26 AM Kalmbach
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* The first season of ''Series/{{Blackadder}}''.

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* ''[[Series/{{Blackadder}} The first season Black Adder]]'' tells the tale of ''Series/{{Blackadder}}''.Edmund Plantagenet, grandson of Richard III, whose family history was [[WrittenByTheWinners erased from history by the House of Tudor]].
19th Jun '16 5:30:45 AM Sagetsu
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The Wars of the Roses were a series of [[SuccessionCrisis dynastic civil wars]] set in [[UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} England]] between [[TheLateMiddleAges 1455 and 1485]]. They originated in a struggle between descendants of two of King Edward III [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet Plantagenet]]'s eight sons. Henry of the [[TheClan House of Lancaster]] [[TheUsurper stole the throne]] from his cousin, Edward's first grandson Richard II. Although his house had a couple of strong monarchs (see Theatre/HenryV), Henry VI turned out to be a strange boy with mental issues. He was challenged for the throne by TheRival [[FeudingFamilies House of York]] (a cousin line descended from Edward III). After thirty years of conflict, in which almost all of the Lancastrians died, [[TakeAThirdOption Henry VII]] from UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfTudor was crowned. He was a cousin of the Lancastrian side, and married a daughter of the Yorkist faction, uniting the two sides. However some historians claim this wasn't the end of the Wars, as there were still threats to Henry from Yorkist Pretenders, which a lot of the nobility didn't seem ready to help him against.

to:

The Wars of the Roses were a series of [[SuccessionCrisis dynastic civil wars]] set in [[UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} England]] between [[TheLateMiddleAges 1455 and 1485]]. They originated in a struggle between descendants of two of King Edward III [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet Plantagenet]]'s eight sons. Henry [[Usefulnotes/HenryTheFourth Henry]] "Bolingbroke" of the [[TheClan House of Lancaster]] [[TheUsurper stole the throne]] from his cousin, Edward's first grandson Richard II. Although his house had a couple of strong monarchs (see Theatre/HenryV), Henry VI turned out to be a strange boy with mental issues. He was challenged for the throne by TheRival [[FeudingFamilies House of York]] (a cousin line descended from Edward III). After thirty years of conflict, in which almost all of the Lancastrians died, [[TakeAThirdOption Henry VII]] from UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfTudor was crowned. He was a cousin of the Lancastrian side, and married a daughter of the Yorkist faction, uniting the two sides. However some historians claim this wasn't the end of the Wars, as there were still threats to Henry from Yorkist Pretenders, which a lot of the nobility didn't seem ready to help him against.
19th Jun '16 5:28:35 AM Sagetsu
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* TyrantTakesTheHelm: See HistoricalVillainUpdate. Richard III's ascension to the throne is often portrayed this way, since he technically seized the throne from the lawful heir Prince Edward V (who was just 12 years old at the time). Whether he could justifiably be called a "tyrant", however, is a matter of much debate.

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* TyrantTakesTheHelm: See HistoricalVillainUpdate.HistoricalVillainUpgrade. Richard III's ascension to the throne is often portrayed this way, since he technically seized the throne from the lawful heir Prince Edward V (who was just 12 years old at the time). Whether he could justifiably be called a "tyrant", however, is a matter of much debate.
19th Jun '16 5:27:56 AM Sagetsu
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!! Wars of the Roses in works of fiction and historical fiction:

* ''Stormbird'', a 2013 novel by Creatot/ConnIggulden begins a HistoricalFiction series "Wars of the Roses". It takes place during the last years of UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar and the reign of Henry VI, starting with his marriage to Marguerite d'Anjou, covering Jack Cade's rebellion and ending with Richard of York's appointment as the Protector.
* Creator/{{Shakespeare}}'s ''Theatre/HenryVI'' and ''Theatre/RichardIII''. To an extent ''Theatre/RichardII'' and ''Theatre/HenryIV'' also deal with them despite taking place a generation earlier: modern scholars tend to disagree, but Shakespeare portrays Henry Bolingbroke's usurpation of the throne from Richard II and crowning of himself as Henry IV as the first move of the wars.
* Aya Kanno's manga series ''Manga/RequiemOfTheRoseKing'' takes place during the War of Roses. The series is loosely based off of ''Theatre/HenryVI'' and ''Theater/RichardIII''.
* The first season of ''Series/{{Blackadder}}''.
* Philippa Gregory's ''[[Literature/TheCousinsWarSeries Cousins' War]]'' series, which covers the period from the perspective of women who were prominent figures at the time but have been largely forgotten by history.
** TV miniseries ''The White Queen'' shows the period from the perspective of Elizabeth Woodville, a common woman [[StarCrossedLovers from a traditionally Lancastrian family]] who married King Edward IV and was the mother of Edward V and his brother Richard ("the princes in the Tower") and Elizabeth of York.
* In Terry Pratchett's ''{{Nation}}'', it's mentioned that one of Daphne's ancestors fought in the War of the Roses... wearing a '''pink''' rose and thus ended up fighting both sides at once. Because everyone thought it was bad luck to kill a madman, he lived through it. Fanshaws may be pigheaded and stupid, but they fight.
* The second duology of ''Literature/ArciaChronicles'' is a {{fantasy}} retelling of the Wars of the Roses, dubbed "War of the Daffodils".
* Another fantasy retelling is the "War of the Lions" that drives the plot of the original ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyTactics'' game.
* ...and yet another in ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'', with Stark and Lannister FeudingFamilies being less than subtle clues.
** And, even more directly, brief mentions are made of the Red and Green "Apple" Fossoways, who appear to have their own squabbles over titles and are two branches of a house.
** The symbol of House Tyrell, one of the major power players in the series, is depicted in the TV adaptation ''Series/GameOfThrones'' as a dead ringer for the Tudor double rose.
** Still another reference comes in the Blackfyre Rebellions, where the Blackfyre claimants used a house sigil with Targaryen colors inverted.
** The backstory even further reinforces this as per "the Dance of the Dragons," which saw House Targaryen in a family feud akin to the historical English dynasty of UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet, which will give rise to the Stark vs. Lannister (York vs. Lancaster) conflict later on.
** The sigil of the Targaryens is a red dragon, rather like Henry Tudor's.
* ''VideoGame/{{Gemfire}}'' is best described as "''Literature/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms'' in a StandardFantasySetting [[XMeetsY version of the Wars of the Roses]]," down to the king being from House ''[[MeaningfulName Lankshire]]''. And Ishmeria being shaped like England and Wales (including the Isle of Man) and the king's bastard heading up House Tudoria.
* Creator/AvalonHill had a [[TabletopGames game]] based on the war called ''Kingmaker''.
* Sharon Penman's ''Literature/TheSunneInSplendour'', centered on King Richard III and Anne Neville.
** Not to be confused with Jean Plaidy's ''The Sun in Splendour'', ''also'' about the Wars of the Roses, but about King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.
* ''The Black Arrow'' by Creator/RobertLouisStevenson.
* [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotPolitical Subtly referred]] to in Creator/TimBurton's ''Film/AliceInWonderland''.
* ''[[Music/{{Genesis}} The Battle of Epping Forest]]'': "You ain't seen nothin' like it... not since the Civil War"
* ''VideoGame/YuGiOhTheDuelistsOfTheRoses'' has a plot loosely based on this war (changing characters to those from the franchise and turning battles into card games, but following the locations and general conflict.)
* The video game ''War of the Roses'' by the Swedish indie studio Fatshark.
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!! Wars of the Roses in works of fiction and historical fiction:

* ''Stormbird'', a 2013 novel by Creatot/ConnIggulden begins a HistoricalFiction series "Wars of the Roses". It takes place during the last years of UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar and the reign of Henry VI, starting with his marriage to Marguerite d'Anjou, covering Jack Cade's rebellion and ending with Richard of York's appointment as the Protector.
* Creator/{{Shakespeare}}'s ''Theatre/HenryVI'' and ''Theatre/RichardIII''. To an extent ''Theatre/RichardII'' and ''Theatre/HenryIV'' also deal with them despite taking place a generation earlier: modern scholars tend to disagree, but Shakespeare portrays Henry Bolingbroke's usurpation of the throne from Richard II and crowning of himself as Henry IV as the first move of the wars.
* Aya Kanno's manga series ''Manga/RequiemOfTheRoseKing'' takes place during the War of Roses. The series is loosely based off of ''Theatre/HenryVI'' and ''Theater/RichardIII''.
* The first season of ''Series/{{Blackadder}}''.
* Philippa Gregory's ''[[Literature/TheCousinsWarSeries Cousins' War]]'' series, which covers the period from the perspective of women who were prominent figures at the time but have been largely forgotten by history.
** TV miniseries ''The White Queen'' shows the period from the perspective of Elizabeth Woodville, a common woman [[StarCrossedLovers from a traditionally Lancastrian family]] who married King Edward IV and was the mother of Edward V and his brother Richard ("the princes in the Tower") and Elizabeth of York.
* In Terry Pratchett's ''{{Nation}}'', it's mentioned that one of Daphne's ancestors fought in the War of the Roses... wearing a '''pink''' rose and thus ended up fighting both sides at once. Because everyone thought it was bad luck to kill a madman, he lived through it. Fanshaws may be pigheaded and stupid, but they fight.
* The second duology of ''Literature/ArciaChronicles'' is a {{fantasy}} retelling of the Wars of the Roses, dubbed "War of the Daffodils".
* Another fantasy retelling is the "War of the Lions" that drives the plot of the original ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyTactics'' game.
* ...and yet another in ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'', with Stark and Lannister FeudingFamilies being less than subtle clues.
** And, even more directly, brief mentions are made of the Red and Green "Apple" Fossoways, who appear to have their own squabbles over titles and are two branches of a house.
** The symbol of House Tyrell, one of the major power players in the series, is depicted in the TV adaptation ''Series/GameOfThrones'' as a dead ringer for the Tudor double rose.
** Still another reference comes in the Blackfyre Rebellions, where the Blackfyre claimants used a house sigil with Targaryen colors inverted.
** The backstory even further reinforces this as per "the Dance of the Dragons," which saw House Targaryen in a family feud akin to the historical English dynasty of UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet, which will give rise to the Stark vs. Lannister (York vs. Lancaster) conflict later on.
** The sigil of the Targaryens is a red dragon, rather like Henry Tudor's.
* ''VideoGame/{{Gemfire}}'' is best described as "''Literature/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms'' in a StandardFantasySetting [[XMeetsY version of the Wars of the Roses]]," down to the king being from House ''[[MeaningfulName Lankshire]]''. And Ishmeria being shaped like England and Wales (including the Isle of Man) and the king's bastard heading up House Tudoria.
* Creator/AvalonHill had a [[TabletopGames game]] based on the war called ''Kingmaker''.
* Sharon Penman's ''Literature/TheSunneInSplendour'', centered on King Richard III and Anne Neville.
** Not to be confused with Jean Plaidy's ''The Sun in Splendour'', ''also'' about the Wars of the Roses, but about King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.
* ''The Black Arrow'' by Creator/RobertLouisStevenson.
* [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotPolitical Subtly referred]] to in Creator/TimBurton's ''Film/AliceInWonderland''.
* ''[[Music/{{Genesis}} The Battle of Epping Forest]]'': "You ain't seen nothin' like it... not since the Civil War"
* ''VideoGame/YuGiOhTheDuelistsOfTheRoses'' has a plot loosely based on this war (changing characters to those from the franchise and turning battles into card games, but following the locations and general conflict.)
* The video game ''War of the Roses'' by the Swedish indie studio Fatshark.
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!! Wars of the Roses in works of fiction and historical fiction:

* ''Stormbird'', a 2013 novel by Creatot/ConnIggulden begins a HistoricalFiction series "Wars of the Roses". It takes place during the last years of UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar and the reign of Henry VI, starting with his marriage to Marguerite d'Anjou, covering Jack Cade's rebellion and ending with Richard of York's appointment as the Protector.
* Creator/{{Shakespeare}}'s ''Theatre/HenryVI'' and ''Theatre/RichardIII''. To an extent ''Theatre/RichardII'' and ''Theatre/HenryIV'' also deal with them despite taking place a generation earlier: modern scholars tend to disagree, but Shakespeare portrays Henry Bolingbroke's usurpation of the throne from Richard II and crowning of himself as Henry IV as the first move of the wars.
* Aya Kanno's manga series ''Manga/RequiemOfTheRoseKing'' takes place during the War of Roses. The series is loosely based off of ''Theatre/HenryVI'' and ''Theater/RichardIII''.
* The first season of ''Series/{{Blackadder}}''.
* Philippa Gregory's ''[[Literature/TheCousinsWarSeries Cousins' War]]'' series, which covers the period from the perspective of women who were prominent figures at the time but have been largely forgotten by history.
** TV miniseries ''The White Queen'' shows the period from the perspective of Elizabeth Woodville, a common woman [[StarCrossedLovers from a traditionally Lancastrian family]] who married King Edward IV and was the mother of Edward V and his brother Richard ("the princes in the Tower") and Elizabeth of York.
* In Terry Pratchett's ''{{Nation}}'', it's mentioned that one of Daphne's ancestors fought in the War of the Roses... wearing a '''pink''' rose and thus ended up fighting both sides at once. Because everyone thought it was bad luck to kill a madman, he lived through it. Fanshaws may be pigheaded and stupid, but they fight.
* The second duology of ''Literature/ArciaChronicles'' is a {{fantasy}} retelling of the Wars of the Roses, dubbed "War of the Daffodils".
* Another fantasy retelling is the "War of the Lions" that drives the plot of the original ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyTactics'' game.
* ...and yet another in ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'', with Stark and Lannister FeudingFamilies being less than subtle clues.
** And, even more directly, brief mentions are made of the Red and Green "Apple" Fossoways, who appear to have their own squabbles over titles and are two branches of a house.
** The symbol of House Tyrell, one of the major power players in the series, is depicted in the TV adaptation ''Series/GameOfThrones'' as a dead ringer for the Tudor double rose.
** Still another reference comes in the Blackfyre Rebellions, where the Blackfyre claimants used a house sigil with Targaryen colors inverted.
** The backstory even further reinforces this as per "the Dance of the Dragons," which saw House Targaryen in a family feud akin to the historical English dynasty of UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet, which will give rise to the Stark vs. Lannister (York vs. Lancaster) conflict later on.
** The sigil of the Targaryens is a red dragon, rather like Henry Tudor's.
* ''VideoGame/{{Gemfire}}'' is best described as "''Literature/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms'' in a StandardFantasySetting [[XMeetsY version of the Wars of the Roses]]," down to the king being from House ''[[MeaningfulName Lankshire]]''. And Ishmeria being shaped like England and Wales (including the Isle of Man) and the king's bastard heading up House Tudoria.
* Creator/AvalonHill had a [[TabletopGames game]] based on the war called ''Kingmaker''.
* Sharon Penman's ''Literature/TheSunneInSplendour'', centered on King Richard III and Anne Neville.
** Not to be confused with Jean Plaidy's ''The Sun in Splendour'', ''also'' about the Wars of the Roses, but about King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.
* ''The Black Arrow'' by Creator/RobertLouisStevenson.
* [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotPolitical Subtly referred]] to in Creator/TimBurton's ''Film/AliceInWonderland''.
* ''[[Music/{{Genesis}} The Battle of Epping Forest]]'': "You ain't seen nothin' like it... not since the Civil War"
* ''VideoGame/YuGiOhTheDuelistsOfTheRoses'' has a plot loosely based on this war (changing characters to those from the franchise and turning battles into card games, but following the locations and general conflict.)
* The video game ''War of the Roses'' by the Swedish indie studio Fatshark.
12th Jun '16 1:07:28 PM Specialist290
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The UsefulNotes/WarsOfTheRoses were a series of [[SuccessionCrisis dynastic civil wars]] set in [[UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} England]] between [[TheLateMiddleAges 1455 and 1485]]. They originated in a struggle between descendants of two of King Edward III [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet Plantagenet]]'s eight sons. Henry of the [[TheClan House of Lancaster]] [[TheUsurper stole the throne]] from his cousin, Edward's first grandson Richard II. Although his house had a couple of strong monarchs (see Theatre/HenryV), Henry VI turned out to be a strange boy with mental issues. He was challenged for the throne by TheRival [[FeudingFamilies House of York]] (a cousin line descended from Edward III). After thirty years of conflict, in which almost all of the Lancastrians died, [[TakeAThirdOption Henry VII]] from UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfTudor was crowned. He was a cousin of the Lancastrian side, and married a daughter of the Yorkist faction, uniting the two sides. However some historians claim this wasn't the end of the Wars, as there were still threats to Henry from Yorkist Pretenders, which a lot of the nobility didn't seem ready to help him against.

to:

The UsefulNotes/WarsOfTheRoses Wars of the Roses were a series of [[SuccessionCrisis dynastic civil wars]] set in [[UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} England]] between [[TheLateMiddleAges 1455 and 1485]]. They originated in a struggle between descendants of two of King Edward III [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfPlantagenet Plantagenet]]'s eight sons. Henry of the [[TheClan House of Lancaster]] [[TheUsurper stole the throne]] from his cousin, Edward's first grandson Richard II. Although his house had a couple of strong monarchs (see Theatre/HenryV), Henry VI turned out to be a strange boy with mental issues. He was challenged for the throne by TheRival [[FeudingFamilies House of York]] (a cousin line descended from Edward III). After thirty years of conflict, in which almost all of the Lancastrians died, [[TakeAThirdOption Henry VII]] from UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfTudor was crowned. He was a cousin of the Lancastrian side, and married a daughter of the Yorkist faction, uniting the two sides. However some historians claim this wasn't the end of the Wars, as there were still threats to Henry from Yorkist Pretenders, which a lot of the nobility didn't seem ready to help him against.
7th Jun '16 9:34:01 AM TheMightyHeptagon
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* LaserGuidedKarma: See HistoryRepeats. Not only were the Wars of the Roses preceded by a strikingly similar civil conflict in France, the mentally unstable French monarch who made that war possible (Charles VI) was actually the father of Isabella de Valois, the French princess who Henry V married to solidify his claim to the French throne--thus making him Henry VI's grandfather. Considering Henry VI's later bouts of instability (which may have been caused by some form of schizophrenia), it's quite possible that he inherited his grandfather's mental illness, and that Henry V inadvertently brought about the fall of the House of Plantagenet by trying to exploit the civil war in France.
* MeaningfulRename: "Tudor" was not originally an English family name; it was a Welsh given name, originally spelled "Tudur", "Tydir", or "Tewdwr". Henry VII's grandfather was a Welsh squire who--because of his common ancestry--didn't have a family name at all. His name, Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur, simply meant "Owain, son of Maredudd, son of Tudur" (his grandfather's name, in turn, was "Tudur ap Goronwy"). It wasn't until after his secret marriage to Isabella de Valois that he took the anglicized name "Owen Tudor", making Tudor his surname. His much more famous grandson carried on the tradition when he took the throne and called his new royal line "The House of Tudor".

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* LaserGuidedKarma: See HistoryRepeats. Not only were the Wars of the Roses preceded by a strikingly similar civil conflict in France, the mentally unstable French monarch who made that war possible (Charles VI) was actually the father of Isabella Catherine de Valois, the French princess who Henry V married to solidify his claim to the French throne--thus making him Henry VI's grandfather. Considering Henry VI's later bouts of instability (which may have been caused by some form of schizophrenia), it's quite possible that he inherited his grandfather's mental illness, and that Henry V inadvertently brought about the fall of the House of Plantagenet by trying to exploit the civil war in France.
* MeaningfulRename: "Tudor" was not originally an English family name; it was a Welsh given name, originally spelled "Tudur", "Tydir", or "Tewdwr". Henry VII's grandfather was a Welsh squire who--because of his common ancestry--didn't have a family name at all. His name, Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur, simply meant "Owain, son of Maredudd, son of Tudur" (his grandfather's name, in turn, was "Tudur ap Goronwy"). It wasn't until after his secret marriage to Isabella Catherine de Valois that he took the anglicized name "Owen Tudor", making Tudor his surname. His much more famous grandson carried on the tradition when he took the throne and called his new royal line "The House of Tudor".



* NotSoDifferent: From a certain perspective, there were ''no'' "rightful" monarchs in the House of York or the House of Lancaster. Chances were, if you didn't seize the throne of England by force, you inherited it from somebody who did. As you might expect, this made questions of proper rulership considerably more contentious.



* RagsToRiches: Would you believe that Henry Tudor was the grandson of a low-born Welsh squire? It's hard to believe, but he was. If it hadn't been for Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur traveling to London to seek his fortune, and having a chance love affair with Henry V's widow Isabella, there likely never would have been a House of Tudor. In fact, it was a stroke of monumental good luck that the English crown chose to recognize Owain and Isabella's two children as royalty, considering they were never legally married, and such a coupling was technically ''illegal''. [[note]] The English court had passed laws decreeing that widowed queens could not remarry without the court's permission, since they feared the possibility of a queen trying to rule in her husband's name and produce a new heir. After the debacle of Edward II being deposed by his rebellious wife and her lover, the concern was somewhat understandable.[[/note]] But against all odds, their children were christened as Edmund and Jasper [[MeaningfulRename Tudor]], the Earl of Richmond and the Duke of Bedford. Henry VI eventually came to publicly recognize them as his half-siblings, and accepted them as allies for the Lancastrian cause. Then Edmund's son Henry eventually took the throne for the House of Lancaster, and the rest is history.

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* RagsToRiches: Would you believe that Henry Tudor was the grandson of a low-born Welsh squire? It's hard to believe, but he was. If it hadn't been for Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur traveling to London to seek his fortune, and having a chance love affair with Henry V's widow Isabella, Catherine, there likely never would have been a House of Tudor. In fact, it was a stroke of monumental good luck that the English crown chose to recognize Owain and Isabella's Catherine's two children as royalty, considering they were never legally married, and such a coupling their marriage was technically ''illegal''. [[note]] The English court had passed laws decreeing that widowed queens could not remarry without the court's permission, since they feared the possibility of a queen trying to rule in her husband's name and produce a new heir. After the debacle of Edward II being deposed by his rebellious wife Isabella and her lover, lover Roger Mortimer, the concern was somewhat understandable.[[/note]] But against all odds, their children were christened as Edmund and Jasper [[MeaningfulRename Tudor]], the Earl of Richmond and the Duke of Bedford. Henry VI eventually came to publicly recognize them as his half-siblings, and accepted them as allies for the Lancastrian cause. Then Edmund's son Henry eventually took the throne for the House of Lancaster, and the rest is history.
7th Jun '16 9:19:53 AM TheMightyHeptagon
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* AltarDiplomacy: In spades. Henry VI married Margaret of Anjou, partly because his family really needed the money, and partly to strengthen the English monarchy's ties to France after the dauphin Charles VII challenged his claim to the French throne. At the conclusion of the wars, Henry VII symbolically patched up hostilities between the two warring sides by marrying Elizabeth of York after defeating her uncle Richard III. Subverted by Edward IV's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville, which baffled many of Edward's advisors at the time because she had essentially no valuable political connections. [[note]] Some historians have suggested that Edward deliberately avoided marrying a woman from a well-connected Yorkist family, since it might have reignited tensions with the Lancastrians. He may have targeted the Woodvilles as a potential ''new'' noble family, since they would have been relatively neutral in the ongoing civil war.[[/note]]



* CoolUncle: Henry Tudor certainly saw his uncle Jasper Tudor as this, considering he served as his primary political and military advisor for much of the last phase of the wars. Since Henry's father Edmund died in captivity when we was an infant, Jasper was also [[ParentalSubstitute the closest thing he had to a father]].



* InstantAwesomeJustAddDragons: Invoked by Henry Tudor, who used a red dragon as his personal banner while rallying his troops. Partly served as a marker of his Welsh heritage (the red dragon being a popular national emblem of Wales), and partly as a sign of his claim that he would bring the English monarchy back to its glory days of medieval chivalry. It's the sort of unabashed romanticism that you would expect of an English monarch who named his eldest son "[[KingArthur Arthur]]".



* MeaningfulRename: "Tudor" was not originally an English family name; it was a Welsh given name, originally spelled "Tudur", "Tydir", or "Tewdwr". Henry VII's grandfather was a Welsh squire who--because of his common ancestry--didn't have a family name at all. His name, Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur, simply meant "Owain, son of Maredudd, son of Tudur" (his grandfather's name, in turn, was "Tudur ap Goronwy"). It wasn't until after his secret marriage to Isabella de Valois that he took the anglicized name "Owen Tudor", making Tudor his surname. His much more famous grandson carried on the tradition when he took the throne and called his new royal line "The House of Tudor".



* RagsToRiches: Would you believe that Henry Tudor was the grandson of a low-born Welsh squire? It's hard to believe, but he was. If it hadn't been for Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur traveling to London to seek his fortune, and having a chance love affair with Henry V's widow Isabella, there likely never would have been a House of Tudor. In fact, it was a stroke of monumental good luck that the English crown chose to recognize Owain and Isabella's two children as royalty, considering they were never legally married, and such a coupling was technically ''illegal''. [[note]] The English court had passed laws decreeing that widowed queens could not remarry without the court's permission, since they feared the possibility of a queen trying to rule in her husband's name and produce a new heir. After the debacle of Edward II being deposed by his rebellious wife and her lover, the concern was somewhat understandable.[[/note]] But against all odds, their children were christened as Edmund and Jasper [[MeaningfulRename Tudor]], the Earl of Richmond and the Duke of Bedford. Henry VI eventually came to publicly recognize them as his half-siblings, and accepted them as allies for the Lancastrian cause. Then Edmund's son Henry eventually took the throne for the House of Lancaster, and the rest is history.



* WellIntentionedExtremist: Yes, Richard III broke the law by seizing the throne from his 12 year-old nephew Prince Edward, who was Edward IV's legal heir. He also lived in a time when the disastrous reign of Henry VI--who inherited the throne as an infant, and had to learn how to rule a kingdom when he was just a child--was still fresh in England's collective memory. Considering the context, it's not hard to imagine that he wanted to prevent history from repeating itself.



* FemmeFatale: How Queen Margaret of Anjou is often portrayed, thanks to the influence of her victorious enemies. To give you a good idea: she's the most likely inspiration for Cersei Lannister in ''Series/GameOfThrones''.
* FlowerMotifs: A white rose for the House of York, and a red rose for the House of Lancaster. In reality, those symbols were sporadically used (if they were used at all) before Henry Tudor chose the red and white rose as his family's sigil. Monarchs of both houses used feathers for their personal badges as often as they used flowers, and their armies generally marched under [[AnimalMotifs animal symbols]].
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: Henry VII. Considering the first dramatic portrayals of the Wars were patronized by his granddaughter, this one's a no-brainer.




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* TyrantTakesTheHelm: See HistoricalVillainUpdate. Richard III's ascension to the throne is often portrayed this way, since he technically seized the throne from the lawful heir Prince Edward V (who was just 12 years old at the time). Whether he could justifiably be called a "tyrant", however, is a matter of much debate.
5th Jun '16 6:59:27 PM piazza
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* Aya Kanno's manga series ''Manga/RequiemOfTheRoseKing'' takes place during the War of Roses. The series is loosely based off of ''Theatre/HenryVI'' and ''Theater/RichardIII''.
3rd Jun '16 4:58:36 PM TheMightyHeptagon
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* DividedWeFall: The ultimate fate of the House of Plantagenet. Despite what you might think, the Houses of York and Lancaster were ''not'' two feuding noble families: they were two branches of the House of Plantagenet, which had become divided after years of quarrels between siblings and first cousins. By the 15th century, the distant cousins Henry VI and Richard of York had enough bad blood between them to fuel the most brutal civil war that England had ever seen.


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* OneSteveLimit: A major aversion, since English nobility tended to recycle names fairly regularly. There was Henry Plantagenet (Henry VI) and his nephew Henry Tudor (Henry VII), Edward Plantagenet of the House of York (Edward IV), Edward Plantagenet of the House of Lancaster (Prince Edward of Lancaster) and the ''other'' Edward Plantagenet of the House of York (Edward V). Not to mention Richard Plantagenet (Richard, the Duke of York), his son Richard Plantagenet (Richard III), and the key Yorkist ally Richard Neville (Richard, the Earl of Warwick). Plus Edward IV's wife Elizabeth Woodville, and his daughter Elizabeth Plantagenet (Elizabeth of York). And Edmund Beaufort (Edmund, the Duke of Somerset), and Edmund Tudor (Edmund, the Earl of Richmond).
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.WarsOfTheRoses