History UsefulNotes / Uzbekistan

8th Oct '17 6:24:07 AM AntonF
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Uzbekistan, officially known as The Republic of Uzbekistan ('''Uzbek:''' ''Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi'') is a Central Asian country, formerly part of the [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]]. It shares borders with UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} to the west and to the north, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}} to the east, and UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}} to the south, being the only one to border all five. It's also one of the only two nations in the world, alongside UsefulNotes/{{Liechtenstein}}, to be doubly-landlocked (i.e. you need to cross two states to find sea).

The region of the present-day Uzbekistan has long been the center of civilization in Central Asia. Settled by Iranian peoples including Scythians, Sogdians, and Khwarezms, since ancient times, the region became the center of Islamic activity during its spread to Central Asia and was part of the Silk Road trade route. Some of its cities, including Samarkand and Bukhara, other than serving as education centers, also received multiple cultures through traders who stopped throughout the Silk Road. After the reigns of the Samanids and Timurids, the region was conquered in the early 16th century by Uzbek nomads, who spoke an Eastern Turkic language.

Uzbekistan was incorporated into the Russian Empire in the 19th century and in 1924 became a constituent republic of the [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]], known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). It has been an independent republic since [[TheGreatPoliticsMessUp December 1991]].

to:

Uzbekistan, officially known as The Republic of Uzbekistan ('''Uzbek:''' ''Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi'') is a Central Asian country, formerly part of the [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]]. It shares borders with UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} to the west and to the north, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}} to the east, and UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}} to the south, being the only one to border all five. It's also one of the only two nations countries in the world, alongside UsefulNotes/{{Liechtenstein}}, to be doubly-landlocked (i.e. you need to cross two states to find sea).

The region of With 33 million people living on the present-day country, Uzbekistan has long been is by far the center of civilization in most populous Central Asia. Settled by Iranian peoples including Scythians, Sogdians, Asian country. It is more populous than Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Khwarezms, since ancient times, the region became the center of Islamic activity during its spread to Central Asia Turkmenistan combined, and was part Kazakhstan has a little more than half of the Silk Road trade route. Some population living in six times as much area. There's a reason for that. When the country's border was set up by the Soviets, it was lucky enough to receive the most fertile, most desirable, and thus most populous parts of its cities, including the region: the fertile lowland region, Bactria, occupies the south; the even more fertile Sogdia, home of the capital Tashkent, large cities Samarkand and Bukhara, other than serving as education centers, also received multiple cultures through traders who stopped throughout and mineral-rich Fergana Valley occupies the Silk Road. After center and the reigns eastern panhandle; and although the barren Kyzylkum desert mainly comprises the west, there is a large oasis south of the Samanids Aral Sea, known to historians as the Khwarezm region. There is not too much barren steppe (Kazakhstan), desert[[note]]well, at least until the whole Aral Sea fiasco[[/note]] (Turkmenistan), or mountains (Kyrgystan and Timurids, Tajikistan). All those parts were also the most historically significant, being the heart of the land route of Silk Road, an old trade network that enabled contact between Asia and Europe back when all you had were horses and caravans. Plus, it is located wholly in what is called Transoxiana, a region in between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers.

Before the late 1st millenium BC, Transoxiana was mainly inhabited by Eastern Iranian confederations, both nomadic and settled. In the 6th century BC, the Achameneids conquered the region, but with much resistance; UsefulNotes/{{Herodotus}} famously recorded that UsefulNotes/CyrusTheGreat was killed while fighting against the Massagetae under Queen Tomyris, who in some tales [[{{Gorn}} beheaded and drowned his head into a vessel of blood]]. Later, it too fell alongside the Achaemenids to [[UsefulNotes/AlexanderTheGreat Alexander]] and his Macedonian army. Hellenistic domination continued until the 1st century AD, when power was wrestled by the nomads, this time under the various Indo-European tribes expelled from China, including the Yuezhi and the Hephthalites. The Persians also made their move again under the Sassanids, but this time they were challenged by the Turks, who had formed a huge nomadic empire in Inner Asia known as the Turkic Khaganate. Slowly, Transoxiana shifted from being Eastern Iranian-speaking to Persian-speaking (in the south) and Turkic-speaking (the rest).

In the 8th century, Transoxiana
was conquered in by the early 16th Umayyad caliphate under Qutayba ibn Muslim, but again with stiff resistance from the Turks. They also had to face Tang China, who prevented them from crossing the Tian Shan. The population gradually embraced Islam, especially once the Abbasid caliphate overthrew Marwan II and established a more egalitarian society. A century after conquest, Transoxiana broke away from the caliphate and formed the Samanids, a dynasty of Persian origin. They were succeeded by Uzbek nomads, who spoke an Eastern the Turkic language.Kara-Khanid Khanate, the first Muslim Turkic dynasty (they converted to Islam halfway through their rule). The Kara-Khanids were extremely significant for the Uzbeks because the Karluk confederation was their distant ancestors. The Qara Khitai, founded by Buddhist Khitans expelled from North China, and finally the Khwarezmians followed them. By this time, Sogdia became one of the wealthiest regions in the world and the cities of Bukhara and especially Samarkand became centers of Islamic learning. Ever heard of Avicenna? The famous physician was born in Bukhara.

Their glory came to an abrupt end when the Mongols invaded in the 13th century and basically reduced Transoxiana to rubble. The Chagatai Khanate emerged from the Mongol Empire, but was conquered shortly thereafter by the most significant person to emerge from Transoxiana: Timur the Lame, a Turk-Persian who had the ambition to restore the Mongol Empire. He embarked on a conquest of Central Asia, the Iranian Plateau, and the Middle East in the 14th century and encouraged/forced many artisans and scholars to come to Samarkand. While his empire fractured not long after, it was significant as it ensured the survival and independence of many states in Transoxiana well-over into the modern period, after many of its contemporaries had long gone.

In the 16th century, Transoxiana was ruled by three principal khanates: Kokand in the Fergana valley, Bukhara in the center, and Khiva in Khwarezm. UsefulNotes/TsaristRussia invaded in the 19th century, but they were content enough to turn Bukhara and Khiva into protectorates. The [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober Russian Revolution]] made both independent, but they were quickly overran by communists and turned into Soviet satellites. Despite some attempts by the Basmachi religious movement triggered as a reaction to conscription during UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, the Russians regained control and absorbed the satellite states. The Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic was created as a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in 1924 and would remain so until independence in [[TheGreatPoliticsMessUp December 1991]].


Uzbekistan Among the legacies of the Soviets was incorporated into the Russian Empire promoting of separate ethnicities for the Central Asians. Before the 20th century, ethnicity was a rather fluid concept in the 19th century region and people were differentiated mostly by way of life (settled vs nomadic). The Uzbeks were quite enthusiastic in 1924 became playing along, since they have the strongest identity among the Turks and have been a constituent republic settled community far longer than the others. The other, unfortunate, legacy, was the rapid disappearance and desertification of the [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]], known as [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aral_Sea Aral Sea]], thanks to some shortsighted plan to make the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). It has been Kyzylkum desert into an independent republic since [[TheGreatPoliticsMessUp December 1991]].
agricultural area. This never-rectified disaster forced a large-scale evacuation not only because of the loss of the region's fishing industry, but also because the area is slowly turning into [[DeathWorld a poisonous, infertile salt marsh]].



Most of Uzbekistan’s population today belong to the Uzbek ethnic group and speak the Uzbek language, one of the family of Turkic languages. Uzbeks are found in other countries as well -- mainly Afghanistan, where they are the third biggest minority group, and other former Soviet republics. Other than Uzbeks, pretty much all peoples from the former Soviet Union are represented here, including Tajiks (showing that the Turkic migrations didn't spell out the death of the Iranians here), Karakalpaks (closely related to Kazakh, who themselves also inhabit the country), Russians, Kyrgyzs, Armenians, Azeris, and, surprisingly, Koreans. In addition, UsefulNotes/JosephStalin mainly resettled the deported Tatars of [[UsefulNotes/{{Ukraine}} Crimea]] in Uzbekistan. Oh, and there's also a once-large community of Jews, most of whom had emigrated after Main/TheGreatPoliticsMessUp, alongside the aforementioned Crimean Tatars. Uzbekistan is one of Russia's biggest sources of immigrants, legal or otherwise.

to:

Most of Uzbekistan’s population today belong According to the Uzbek ethnic group and speak the Uzbek language, one official census, Uzbeks make up 80% of the family of Turkic languages. Uzbeks are found in other countries as well -- mainly Afghanistan, where they are the third biggest minority group, and other former Soviet republics. Other than Uzbeks, pretty much all peoples from the former Soviet Union are represented here, including population, followed by Tajiks (showing that the Turkic migrations didn't spell out the death of the Iranians here), with 5%, Russians and Kazakhs each 3%, Karakalpaks (closely related to Kazakh, who themselves also inhabit 2.5%, and the country), Russians, Kyrgyzs, Armenians, Azeris, and, surprisingly, Koreans. In addition, UsefulNotes/JosephStalin mainly resettled rest other minorities. However, this estimate is unreliable because of some shady classification scheme used by the government, which counts other ethnicities but particularly the Tajiks as Uzbeks. This problem is traced since back when the SSR was formed, where many decided to blend with the majority to avoid being deported Tatars of [[UsefulNotes/{{Ukraine}} Crimea]] in Uzbekistan. Oh, to other [=SSRs=] "where they belong". The real Tajik population might be somewhere up to a quarter, and there's they're concentrated in the former Bukharan Khanate around Samarkand. There is also a once-large shrinking Bukharan Jewish community of Jews, most of whom had emigrated after Main/TheGreatPoliticsMessUp, alongside that is dated way back to the aforementioned Crimean Tatars. Uzbekistan is one of Russia's biggest sources of immigrants, legal or otherwise.
Sassanian period.

----
23rd Aug '17 9:53:15 AM GrammarNavi
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Uzbekistan, officially known as The Republic of Uzbekistan ('''Uzbek:''' ''Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi'') is a Central Asian country, formerly part of the SovietUnion. It shares borders with UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} to the west and to the north, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}} to the east, and UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}} to the south, being the only one to border all five. It's also one of the only two nations in the world, alongside UsefulNotes/{{Liechtenstein}}, to be doubly-landlocked (i.e. you need to cross two states to find sea).

to:

Uzbekistan, officially known as The Republic of Uzbekistan ('''Uzbek:''' ''Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi'') is a Central Asian country, formerly part of the SovietUnion.[[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]]. It shares borders with UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} to the west and to the north, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}} to the east, and UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}} to the south, being the only one to border all five. It's also one of the only two nations in the world, alongside UsefulNotes/{{Liechtenstein}}, to be doubly-landlocked (i.e. you need to cross two states to find sea).



Uzbekistan was incorporated into the Russian Empire in the 19th century and in 1924 became a constituent republic of the SovietUnion, known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). It has been an independent republic since [[TheGreatPoliticsMessUp December 1991]].

to:

Uzbekistan was incorporated into the Russian Empire in the 19th century and in 1924 became a constituent republic of the SovietUnion, [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]], known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). It has been an independent republic since [[TheGreatPoliticsMessUp December 1991]].
24th Feb '17 11:44:23 AM GlitteringFlowers
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, potassium, and natural gas. Despite the declared objective of transition to a market economy, Uzbekistan continues to maintain rigid economic controls, which often repel foreign investors. The policy of gradual, strictly controlled transition has nevertheless produced beneficial results in the form of economic recovery after 1995. Uzbekistan's [[PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny domestic policies on human rights and individual freedoms]] are often criticized by international organizations (when there's a pervasive rumor that your leader enjoys boiling dissidents alive, you have a bit of a problem...).

to:

Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, potassium, and natural gas. Despite the declared objective of transition to a market economy, Uzbekistan continues to maintain rigid economic controls, which often repel foreign investors. The policy of gradual, strictly controlled transition has nevertheless produced beneficial results in the form of economic recovery after 1995. Uzbekistan's [[PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny domestic policies on human rights and individual freedoms]] are often criticized by international organizations (when there's a pervasive rumor that your leader enjoys the nation's [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_Karimov first president]] [[CruelAndUnusualDeath enjoyed boiling dissidents alive, you have alive]], there ''is'' a bit of a problem...).
19th Dec '15 12:38:20 AM Dimas28
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Uzbekistan, officially known as The Republic of Uzbekistan ('''Uzbek:''' ''Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi'') is a Central Asian country, formerly part of the SovietUnion. It shares borders with UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} to the west and to the north, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}} to the east, and UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}} to the south.

Once part of the Persian Samanid and later Timurid empires, the region was conquered in the early 16th century by Uzbek nomads, who spoke an Eastern Turkic language. Most of Uzbekistan’s population today belong to the Uzbek ethnic group and speak the Uzbek language, one of the family of Turkic languages.

to:

Uzbekistan, officially known as The Republic of Uzbekistan ('''Uzbek:''' ''Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi'') is a Central Asian country, formerly part of the SovietUnion. It shares borders with UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} to the west and to the north, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}} to the east, and UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}} to the south.

Once
south, being the only one to border all five. It's also one of the only two nations in the world, alongside UsefulNotes/{{Liechtenstein}}, to be doubly-landlocked (i.e. you need to cross two states to find sea).

The region of the present-day Uzbekistan has long been the center of civilization in Central Asia. Settled by Iranian peoples including Scythians, Sogdians, and Khwarezms, since ancient times, the region became the center of Islamic activity during its spread to Central Asia and was
part of the Persian Samanid Silk Road trade route. Some of its cities, including Samarkand and later Timurid empires, Bukhara, other than serving as education centers, also received multiple cultures through traders who stopped throughout the Silk Road. After the reigns of the Samanids and Timurids, the region was conquered in the early 16th century by Uzbek nomads, who spoke an Eastern Turkic language. Most of Uzbekistan’s population today belong to the Uzbek ethnic group and speak the Uzbek language, one of the family of Turkic languages.
language.



Uzbeks are found in other countries as well -- mainly Afghanistan, where they are the third biggest minority group, and other former Soviet republics. Uzbekistan is one of Russia's biggest sources of immigrants, legal or otherwise.

to:

Most of Uzbekistan’s population today belong to the Uzbek ethnic group and speak the Uzbek language, one of the family of Turkic languages. Uzbeks are found in other countries as well -- mainly Afghanistan, where they are the third biggest minority group, and other former Soviet republics.republics. Other than Uzbeks, pretty much all peoples from the former Soviet Union are represented here, including Tajiks (showing that the Turkic migrations didn't spell out the death of the Iranians here), Karakalpaks (closely related to Kazakh, who themselves also inhabit the country), Russians, Kyrgyzs, Armenians, Azeris, and, surprisingly, Koreans. In addition, UsefulNotes/JosephStalin mainly resettled the deported Tatars of [[UsefulNotes/{{Ukraine}} Crimea]] in Uzbekistan. Oh, and there's also a once-large community of Jews, most of whom had emigrated after Main/TheGreatPoliticsMessUp, alongside the aforementioned Crimean Tatars. Uzbekistan is one of Russia's biggest sources of immigrants, legal or otherwise.
24th Nov '15 1:10:17 AM amateur55
Is there an issue? Send a Message


http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flag_of_uzbekistan.png

to:

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flag_of_uzbekistan.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flag_of_uzbekistan8.png
24th Nov '15 12:56:09 AM amateur55
Is there an issue? Send a Message


http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/uzbekistan_flag_9476.png

to:

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/uzbekistan_flag_9476.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flag_of_uzbekistan.png
1st May '15 2:21:38 PM amateur55
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Uzbekistan, officially known as The Republic of Uzbekistan ('''Uzbek:''' ''O‘zbekiston Respublikasi, Ўзбекистон Республикаси'') is a Central Asian country, formerly part of the SovietUnion. It shares borders with UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} to the west and to the north, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}} to the east, and UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}} to the south.

to:

Uzbekistan, officially known as The Republic of Uzbekistan ('''Uzbek:''' ''O‘zbekiston Respublikasi, Ўзбекистон Республикаси'') ''Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi'') is a Central Asian country, formerly part of the SovietUnion. It shares borders with UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} to the west and to the north, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}} to the east, and UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}} to the south.
29th Dec '13 8:05:11 PM merlinxchick
Is there an issue? Send a Message


The Republic of Uzbekistan (O‘zbekiston Respublikasi or Ўзбекистон Республикаси) is a Central Asian country, formerly part of the SovietUnion. It shares borders with UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} to the west and to the north, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}} to the east, and UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}} to the south.

to:

Uzbekistan, officially known as The Republic of Uzbekistan (O‘zbekiston Respublikasi or ('''Uzbek:''' ''O‘zbekiston Respublikasi, Ўзбекистон Республикаси) Республикаси'') is a Central Asian country, formerly part of the SovietUnion. It shares borders with UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}} to the west and to the north, UsefulNotes/{{Kyrgyzstan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Tajikistan}} to the east, and UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Turkmenistan}} to the south.
28th Jul '13 3:05:07 PM Quag15
Is there an issue? Send a Message


http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/uz-map_993.gif

to:

http://static.[[quoteright:328:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/uz-map_993.gif
gif]]
6th Feb '13 12:28:09 AM zero5889
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, potassium, and natural gas. Despite the declared objective of transition to a market economy, Uzbekistan continues to maintain rigid economic controls, which often repel foreign investors. The policy of gradual, strictly controlled transition has nevertheless produced beneficial results in the form of economic recovery after 1995. Uzbekistan's [[PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny domestic policies on human rights and individual freedoms]] are often criticized by international organizations (when there's a pervasive rumour that your leader enjoys boiling dissidents alive, you have a bit of a problem...).

Uzbeks are found in other countries as well--mainly Afghanistan, where they are the third biggest minority group, and other former Soviet republics. Uzbekistan is one of Russia's biggest sources of immigrants, both legal and illegal.

[[AC: The Uzbek flag]]
http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/125px-Flag_of_Uzbekistan_svg_3999.png

to:

Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, potassium, and natural gas. Despite the declared objective of transition to a market economy, Uzbekistan continues to maintain rigid economic controls, which often repel foreign investors. The policy of gradual, strictly controlled transition has nevertheless produced beneficial results in the form of economic recovery after 1995. Uzbekistan's [[PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny domestic policies on human rights and individual freedoms]] are often criticized by international organizations (when there's a pervasive rumour rumor that your leader enjoys boiling dissidents alive, you have a bit of a problem...).

Uzbeks are found in other countries as well--mainly well -- mainly Afghanistan, where they are the third biggest minority group, and other former Soviet republics. Uzbekistan is one of Russia's biggest sources of immigrants, both legal and illegal.

[[AC: The
or otherwise.

[[AC:The
Uzbek flag]]
http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/125px-Flag_of_Uzbekistan_svg_3999.pngorg/pmwiki/pub/images/uzbekistan_flag_9476.png
->The flag's sky blue, white and green stripes symbolize the skies and water, peace and purity, and hope and joy, respectively; the red fimbriations symbolize the blood that flows in every human; the crescent at the canton is a Turkic symbol; and the twelve stars denote the months of the year, as well as the astronomical achievements of the land during the Islamic Age.
This list shows the last 10 events of 20. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.Uzbekistan