History UsefulNotes / TheNewTens

13th Aug '16 9:39:16 AM TheGerkuman
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* On June 23, 2016, the United Kingdom voted "Leave", making the UK the first nation to depart the European Union[[note]]Take in mind that the Parliament needs to trigger "Article 50" to notify the EU of an impending exit. This may be nullified however if the HoC gives a "nay" vote, as the referendum is not legally binding[[note]]. On the same day as the final results came in, UK's national currency, the pound, plummeted to a 31-year all-time low (by as much as 10%) with the European stock markets taking a dive as well, and Prime Minister UsefulNotes/DavidCameron announced his resignation. The whole situation raised additional concerns as Scotland called for a second independence referendum and Northern Ireland called for one to unify with the Dublin Republic, meanwhile the Euroskeptic movements in Belgium, Netherlands and France also began voicing demands for their own ''-II-exit'' referendums, putting the whole European integration project at risk.
* Political pundits have called post-Brexit politics "a mix between ''Series/HouseOfCards'' and ''Series/GameOfThrones''": Johnson was tipped to replace Cameron in the Tory leadership as early as 2012. However he quickly dropped out of the race after Michael Gove announced his intentions to run. He came on third, trailing fellow Brexiteer Andrea Leadsom, who was herself far behind Theresa May, a moderate Tory and member of the "Remain" camp who became PM on July 13. Corbyn's already fragile grip as Labour's leader was weakened even further after numerous MPs accused him of being hesitant to campaign for the "Remain" effort.

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* ** On June 23, 2016, the United Kingdom voted "Leave", making the UK the first nation to depart decide to leave the European Union[[note]]Take in mind that the Parliament needs to trigger "Article 50" to notify the EU of an impending exit. This may be nullified however if the HoC gives a "nay" vote, as the referendum is not legally binding[[note]]. On the same day as the final results came in, UK's national currency, the pound, plummeted to a 31-year all-time low (by as much as 10%) with the European stock markets taking a dive as well, and Prime Minister UsefulNotes/DavidCameron announced his resignation. The whole situation raised additional concerns as Scotland called for a second independence referendum and Northern Ireland called for one to unify with the Dublin Republic, meanwhile the Euroskeptic movements in Belgium, Netherlands and France also began voicing demands for their own ''-II-exit'' referendums, putting the whole European integration project at risk.
* ** Political pundits have called post-Brexit politics "a mix between ''Series/HouseOfCards'' and ''Series/GameOfThrones''": Johnson was tipped to replace Cameron in the Tory leadership as early as 2012. However he quickly dropped out of the race after Michael Gove announced his intentions to run. He came on third, trailing fellow Brexiteer Andrea Leadsom, who was herself far behind Theresa May, a moderate Tory and member of the "Remain" camp who became PM on July 13. Corbyn's already fragile grip as Labour's leader was weakened even further after numerous MPs accused him of being hesitant to campaign for the "Remain" effort.effort.
** In the wake of the referendum, the cold war in the Labour Party boiled over. A portion of the shadow cabinet resigned, trying to get Jeremy Corbyn to resign. When it was clear he wouldn't, a leadership contest began, with Corbyn and Owen Smith as the candidates. Both are trying to appeal to the left of the party, with Smith supported by most of the MP's and Corbyn being supported by Momentum. There was also two legal battles, firstly to whether Corbyn would have to get nominations (as he was the incumbent, he didn't) and secondly whether the vote freeze for new members was fair (It was originally ruled to be unfair but the Court of Appeals ruled it to be fair. It's unclear whether it'll go to the supreme court)
13th Aug '16 9:24:05 AM TheGerkuman
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** Like in the States, anti-'establishment' figures have emerged in this climate of discontent: Along with the UKIP's Farage and former London mayor Boris Johnson becoming the Tories' "Leave Europe" chief, "old-school" socialist Jeremy Corbyn took a devastated Labour Party by surprise, winning its 2015 leadership election with a populist agenda that has literally put Blair-style Labourism to rest.

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** Like in the States, anti-'establishment' figures have emerged in this climate of discontent: Along with the UKIP's Farage and former London mayor Boris Johnson becoming the Tories' "Leave Europe" chief, "old-school" socialist Jeremy Corbyn took a devastated Labour Party by surprise, winning its 2015 leadership election with a populist agenda agenda. This eventually led to a cold war with Corbyn, the MP's that has literally put Blair-style Labourism to rest.support him and a large portion of the grassroot members on one side and the rest of the MP's on the other.
5th Aug '16 3:02:30 PM Eagal
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* Europe also has to face a mass influx of refugees. (Many of them fleeing from the civil war in Syria, but there are also many from neighboring countries.) The initial reactions of the different European countries are basically covering the whole spectrum of how one might possibly deal with such a situation, ranging from welcoming thousands of refugees with open arms at first to erecting fiercely guarded fences along the borders.
** Also after the surge of refugees the reports of rape have skyrocketed in places like Germany and Sweden. And the police and legal system too afraid of appearing Islamophobic to punish them so these people often get off with light sentences or have their crimes covered up

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* Europe also has to face a mass influx of refugees. (Many of them fleeing from the civil war in Syria, but there are also many from neighboring countries.) The initial reactions of the different European countries are basically covering the whole spectrum of how one might possibly deal with such a situation, ranging from welcoming thousands of refugees with open arms at first to erecting fiercely guarded fences along the borders.
** Also after
borders. After the surge of refugees refugees, the reports of rape have skyrocketed in places like Germany and Sweden. And the police and legal system too afraid of appearing Islamophobic to punish them so these people often get off with light sentences or The offenders have their crimes covered upreportedly been given little to no punishment.
30th Jul '16 12:36:39 PM DavidDelony
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* The transition of Caitlyn Jenner (formerly Bruce) and her appearance on the June 2015 cover of ''Literature/VanityFair'' brought transgender issues and acceptance to the very forefront of American public discourse.

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* The transition of Caitlyn Jenner (formerly Bruce) and her appearance on the June 2015 cover of ''Literature/VanityFair'' brought transgender issues and acceptance to the very forefront of American public discourse. Transphobia is also becoming as much of a social taboo as homophobia did in the previous decade.
26th Jul '16 6:27:31 PM TotalDramaRox97
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Added DiffLines:

** Also after the surge of refugees the reports of rape have skyrocketed in places like Germany and Sweden. And the police and legal system too afraid of appearing Islamophobic to punish them so these people often get off with light sentences or have their crimes covered up
24th Jul '16 11:50:54 AM Eagal
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* A string of incidents involving police officers killing unarmed black men, as well as punishments for said officers that many consider far too lenient, has led to public outcry and protests. The heated racial climate [[HistoryRepeats has drawn comparisons to the Civil Rights Movement]], sparked a great deal of debate all over the country, and has made many people realize that they aren't yet living in a post-racial society. The killings of two blacks in July 2016 led to nationwide protests. One demonstration in Dallas ended with a man killing five policemen.

to:

* A string of incidents involving police officers killing unarmed black men, as well as punishments for said officers that many consider far too lenient, has led to public outcry and protests. The heated racial climate [[HistoryRepeats has drawn comparisons to the Civil Rights Movement]], sparked a great deal of debate all over the country, and has made many people realize that they aren't yet living in a post-racial society. The killings of two blacks black men in July 2016 led to nationwide protests. One demonstration in Dallas ended with a man killing five policemen.
24th Jul '16 11:49:22 AM Eagal
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* The early-to-mid 2010s marked a period of drastic transformations inside the Republican Party after John [=McCain's=] humiliating defeat in 2008. The beginning of the decade coincided with the rise of the far-right Tea Party movement, which captured a record number of seats in the 2010 midterms, championing isolationism, states' rights, traditionalism and an all-out opposition towards Obamacare, gun control and multiculturalism, feuding with anyone that didn't see Obama or the Democrats as a threat. Their pushing of the SOPA and PIPA copyright bills and intervention in Mitt Romney's campaign (such as his criticism of the EU in the eve of the London Olympics or his infamous "47 percent" speech) in 2012 and their role in deadlocking agreements on the fiscal cliff in 2013 ended up dividing the GOP, as its image fell to unforeseen levels, much like Congress itself, whose approval ratings by then reached '''''five percent'''''. After this an establishment-devised ''mea culpa'' analysis led to an overhaul headed by John Ellis ("Jeb") Bush, aiming to update the party by burying the social conservatism and small-government concerns of the Tea Party. While this proved quite successful (with the GOP pummeling the Dems in the 2014 midterms), in the long run "21st Century Republicanism" increased tensions between the party elites and the base, leading to the overthrow ( of John Boehner as Leader of the House in favor of Paul Ryan (who was also Romney's running mate in 2012) after a migration debate turned ugly. In the meantime, real estate tycoon Donald Trump promised to "Make America Great Again" while pledging to build a wall with Mexico and ban the entry of Muslims to U.S. soil. His campaign's turnaround from a mere joke to becoming a political contender energized the "outsider" factions of the party, including political newbies like Ben Carson and Carly Fiorina as well as Senator Ted Cruz and Governor Chris Christie, crowding the primary campaign to over a ''dozen'' candidates. The backlash against the "New Republicans" became apparent with the poor performance of Jeb Bush leading to his early drop out and Senator Marco Rubio's shift in tone to court discontented voters, which briefly worked, only to crater in his home state of Florida. Trump's flexibility compared to the dogmatism and social conservatism of Cruz (and that of relatively unknown candidate Governor John Kasich) mostly ended with any serious chance of an establishment "back-up plan" to stop the Donald, with both remaining candidates making an unprecedented truce to prevent him from getting the nomination. This attempt backfired horribly, with Trump winning the following primaries way above polling results, becoming the presumptive nominee after the Indiana race (by that point, he was projected to get around two-thirds of delegates in line with polls in the remaining states). The Donald finally became the GOP's standard-bearer in late July, after a somewhat contentious convention marked by the lack of Republican leaders (such as the Bushes, Romney and McCain), tenuous support (to say the least) from almost anyone outside the Trump campaign, and the presence of B-listers such as Scott Baio and Willie Robertson.

to:

* The early-to-mid 2010s marked a period of drastic transformations inside the Republican Party after John [=McCain's=] humiliating defeat in 2008. The beginning of the decade coincided with the rise of the far-right Tea Party movement, which captured a record number of seats in the 2010 midterms, championing isolationism, states' rights, traditionalism and an all-out opposition towards Obamacare, gun control and multiculturalism, feuding with anyone that didn't see Obama or the Democrats as a threat. Their pushing of the SOPA and PIPA copyright bills and intervention in Mitt Romney's campaign (such as his criticism of the EU in the eve of the London Olympics or his infamous "47 percent" speech) in 2012 and their role in deadlocking agreements on the fiscal cliff in 2013 ended up dividing the GOP, as its image fell to unforeseen levels, much like Congress itself, whose approval ratings by then reached '''''five percent'''''. After this an establishment-devised ''mea culpa'' analysis led to an overhaul headed by John Ellis ("Jeb") Bush, aiming to update the party by burying the social conservatism and small-government concerns of the Tea Party. While this proved quite successful (with the GOP pummeling the Dems in the 2014 midterms), in the long run "21st Century Republicanism" increased tensions between the party elites and the base, leading to the overthrow ( of John Boehner as Leader of the House in favor of Paul Ryan (who was also Romney's running mate in 2012) after a migration debate turned ugly. In the meantime, real estate tycoon Donald Trump promised to "Make America Great Again" while pledging to build a wall with Mexico and ban the entry of Muslims to U.S. soil. His campaign's turnaround from a mere joke to becoming a political contender energized the "outsider" factions of the party, including political newbies like Ben Carson and Carly Fiorina as well as Senator Ted Cruz and Governor Chris Christie, crowding the primary campaign to over a ''dozen'' candidates. The backlash against the "New Republicans" became apparent with the poor performance of Jeb Bush leading to his early drop out and Senator Marco Rubio's shift in tone to court discontented voters, which briefly worked, only to crater in his home state of Florida. Trump's flexibility compared to the dogmatism and social conservatism of Cruz (and that of relatively unknown candidate Governor John Kasich) mostly ended with any serious chance of an establishment "back-up plan" to stop the Donald, Trump, with both remaining candidates making an unprecedented truce to prevent him from getting the nomination. This attempt backfired horribly, with Trump winning the following primaries way above polling results, becoming the presumptive nominee after the Indiana race (by that point, he was projected to get around two-thirds of delegates in line with polls in the remaining states). The Donald Trump finally became the GOP's standard-bearer in late July, after a somewhat contentious convention marked by the lack of Republican leaders (such as the Bushes, Romney and McCain), tenuous support (to say the least) from almost anyone outside the Trump campaign, and the presence of B-listers such as Scott Baio and Willie Robertson.
22nd Jul '16 6:06:05 PM RAraya
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* The early-to-mid 2010s marked a period of drastic transformations inside the Republican Party after John [=McCain's=] humiliating defeat in 2008. The beginning of the decade coincided with the rise of the far-right Tea Party movement, which captured a record number of seats in the 2010 midterms, championing isolationism, states' rights, traditionalism and an all-out opposition towards Obamacare, gun control and multiculturalism, feuding with anyone that didn't see Obama or the Democrats as a threat. Their pushing of the SOPA and PIPA copyright bills and intervention in Mitt Romney's campaign (such as his criticism of the EU in the eve of the London Olympics or his infamous "47 percent" speech) in 2012 and their role in deadlocking agreements on the fiscal cliff in 2013 ended up dividing the GOP, as its image fell to unforeseen levels, much like Congress itself, whose approval ratings by then reached '''''five percent'''''. After this an establishment-devised ''mea culpa'' analysis led to an overhaul headed by John Ellis Bush, aiming to update the party by burying the social conservative and small-government concerns of the Tea Party. While this proved quite successful (with the GOP pummeling the Dems in the 2014 midterms), in the long run "21st Century Republicanism" increased tensions between the party elites and the base, leading to the ouster of John Boehner as Leader of the House in favor of Paul Ryan. In the meantime, real estate tycoon Donald Trump promised to "Make America Great Again" while pledging to build a wall with Mexico and ban the entry of Muslims to U.S. soil. His campaign's turnaround from a mere joke to becoming a political contender energized the "outsider" factions of the party, including political newbies like Ben Carson and Carly Fiorina as well as Senator Ted Cruz and Governor Chris Christie, crowding the primary campaign to over a ''dozen'' candidates. The backlash against the "New Republicans" became apparent with the poor performance of Jeb Bush leading to his early drop out and Senator Marco Rubio's shift in tone to court discontented voters, which briefly worked, only to crater in his home state of Florida. Trump's flexibility compared to the dogmatism and social conservatism of Cruz (and that of relatively unknown candidate Governor John Kasich) mostly ended with any serious chance of an establishment "back-up plan" to stop the Donald, with both remaining candidates making an unprecedented truce to prevent him from getting the nomination. This attempt backfired horribly, with Trump winning the following primaries way above polling results, becoming the presumptive nominee after the Indiana race (by that point, he was projected to get around two-thirds of delegates in line with polls in the remaining states).

to:

* The early-to-mid 2010s marked a period of drastic transformations inside the Republican Party after John [=McCain's=] humiliating defeat in 2008. The beginning of the decade coincided with the rise of the far-right Tea Party movement, which captured a record number of seats in the 2010 midterms, championing isolationism, states' rights, traditionalism and an all-out opposition towards Obamacare, gun control and multiculturalism, feuding with anyone that didn't see Obama or the Democrats as a threat. Their pushing of the SOPA and PIPA copyright bills and intervention in Mitt Romney's campaign (such as his criticism of the EU in the eve of the London Olympics or his infamous "47 percent" speech) in 2012 and their role in deadlocking agreements on the fiscal cliff in 2013 ended up dividing the GOP, as its image fell to unforeseen levels, much like Congress itself, whose approval ratings by then reached '''''five percent'''''. After this an establishment-devised ''mea culpa'' analysis led to an overhaul headed by John Ellis ("Jeb") Bush, aiming to update the party by burying the social conservative conservatism and small-government concerns of the Tea Party. While this proved quite successful (with the GOP pummeling the Dems in the 2014 midterms), in the long run "21st Century Republicanism" increased tensions between the party elites and the base, leading to the ouster overthrow ( of John Boehner as Leader of the House in favor of Paul Ryan.Ryan (who was also Romney's running mate in 2012) after a migration debate turned ugly. In the meantime, real estate tycoon Donald Trump promised to "Make America Great Again" while pledging to build a wall with Mexico and ban the entry of Muslims to U.S. soil. His campaign's turnaround from a mere joke to becoming a political contender energized the "outsider" factions of the party, including political newbies like Ben Carson and Carly Fiorina as well as Senator Ted Cruz and Governor Chris Christie, crowding the primary campaign to over a ''dozen'' candidates. The backlash against the "New Republicans" became apparent with the poor performance of Jeb Bush leading to his early drop out and Senator Marco Rubio's shift in tone to court discontented voters, which briefly worked, only to crater in his home state of Florida. Trump's flexibility compared to the dogmatism and social conservatism of Cruz (and that of relatively unknown candidate Governor John Kasich) mostly ended with any serious chance of an establishment "back-up plan" to stop the Donald, with both remaining candidates making an unprecedented truce to prevent him from getting the nomination. This attempt backfired horribly, with Trump winning the following primaries way above polling results, becoming the presumptive nominee after the Indiana race (by that point, he was projected to get around two-thirds of delegates in line with polls in the remaining states). The Donald finally became the GOP's standard-bearer in late July, after a somewhat contentious convention marked by the lack of Republican leaders (such as the Bushes, Romney and McCain), tenuous support (to say the least) from almost anyone outside the Trump campaign, and the presence of B-listers such as Scott Baio and Willie Robertson.



* On June 12, 2016, 50 people were shot and killed at Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida. It was the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history, and outcries for gun control from liberals and close surveillance of Muslim and Arab-Americans from conservatives reached their highest levels since Newtown (if not ever) and 9/11, respectively. On the positive side, the global outpouring of solidarity was the largest America has received since the 9/11 attacks, and it did more than anything else to lead to acceptance of LGBT people in the country.



* The transition of Caitlyn Jenner and her appearance on the June 2015 cover of ''Literature/VanityFair'' brought transgender issues and acceptance to the very forefront of American public discourse.

to:

* The transition of Caitlyn Jenner (formerly Bruce) and her appearance on the June 2015 cover of ''Literature/VanityFair'' brought transgender issues and acceptance to the very forefront of American public discourse.



* In February 2016, Justice Antonin Scalia of the US Supreme Court died suddenly. And within hours of his death, Senate Majority Leader Mitch [=McConnell=] announced that the Senate would not go forth in appointing a new Justice, arguing that it should wait until after the 2016 presidential election. This act enraged Americans, who saw this as yet another attempt at subverting President Obama's authority. On March 16, Obama announced that judge Merrick Garland[[note]]who'd been considered twice before for the nominations eventually given to Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.[[/note]] would be his pick for the Supreme Court, and urged for fair hearings. Other people actually sided with [=McConnell=], fearing that the nomination of Garland would be another power grab for democrats.
* On June 12, 2016, 50 people were shot and killed at Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida. It was the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history, and outcries for gun control from liberals and close surveillance of Muslim and Arab-Americans from conservatives reached their highest levels since Newtown (if not ever) and 9/11, respectively. On the positive side, the global outpouring of solidarity was the largest America has received since the 9/11 attacks, and it did more than anything else to lead to acceptance of LGBT people in the country.

to:

* In February 2016, Justice Antonin Scalia of the US Supreme Court died suddenly. And within hours of his death, Senate Majority Leader Mitch [=McConnell=] announced that the Senate would not go forth in appointing a new Justice, arguing that it should wait until after the 2016 presidential election. This act enraged Americans, who saw this as yet another attempt at subverting President Obama's authority. On March 16, Obama announced that judge Merrick Garland[[note]]who'd been considered twice before for the nominations eventually given to Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.[[/note]] would be his pick for the Supreme Court, and urged for fair hearings. Other people actually sided with [=McConnell=], fearing that the nomination of Garland would be another power grab for democrats.
* On June 12, 2016, 50 people were shot and killed at Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida. It was the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history, and outcries for gun control from liberals and close surveillance of Muslim and Arab-Americans from conservatives reached their highest levels since Newtown (if not ever) and 9/11, respectively. On the positive side, the global outpouring of solidarity was the largest America has received since the 9/11 attacks, and it did more than anything else to lead to acceptance of LGBT people in the country.
Democrats.
16th Jul '16 3:57:17 PM RAraya
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* A string of incidents involving police officers killing unarmed black men, as well as punishments for said officers that many consider far too lenient, has led to public outcry and protests. The heated racial climate [[HistoryRepeats has drawn comparisons to the Civil Rights Movement]], sparked a great deal of debate all over the country, and has made many people realize that they aren't yet living in a post-racial society.

to:

* A string of incidents involving police officers killing unarmed black men, as well as punishments for said officers that many consider far too lenient, has led to public outcry and protests. The heated racial climate [[HistoryRepeats has drawn comparisons to the Civil Rights Movement]], sparked a great deal of debate all over the country, and has made many people realize that they aren't yet living in a post-racial society. The killings of two blacks in July 2016 led to nationwide protests. One demonstration in Dallas ended with a man killing five policemen.



** The already problematic situation in the Middle-East was further compounded by the rise of ISIL/IS (Islamic State of Iraq and Levant/Islamic State/Daesh), a radical islamic fundamentalist group which quickly gained infamy due to it's brutality and savage methods of execution of prisoners (live-beheading, firing-squad style executions, burning a prisoner alive etc.), as well as its worrying initial military success (it has since been contained and forced to retreat by a steady onslaught of American, Canadian, and following the November 2015 Paris gun attacks, [[RoaringRampageOfRevenge French and British]] bombing raids. This new Coalition has since been joined by Russia, which is seeking to gain influence in the Middle East, following its annexation of Crimea and engagement in a proxy war in Eastern Ukraine. While the West has been willing to engage in an EnemyMine, relations between Russia and the West have steadily deteriorated, with the inquiry into the death of Alexander Litvinenko in London concluding that yes, he was murdered (poisoned by a nuclear isotope in his afternoon tea at the Ritz, and yes, it does sound like the plot of a spy film) and yes, it was almost certainly ordered by President Putin. The Russian Ambassador responded by saying that the already cold relations between Britain and Russia had not deteriorated simply because they couldn't get any worse.

to:

** The already problematic situation in the Middle-East was further compounded by the rise of ISIL/IS ISIS/ISIL/IS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria/... the Levant/Islamic State/Daesh), a radical islamic fundamentalist group which quickly gained infamy due to it's brutality and savage methods of execution of prisoners (live-beheading, firing-squad style executions, burning a prisoner alive etc.), as well as its worrying initial military success (it has since been contained and forced to retreat by a steady onslaught of American, Canadian, and following the November 2015 Paris gun attacks, [[RoaringRampageOfRevenge French and British]] bombing raids. This new Coalition has since been joined by Russia, which is seeking to gain influence in the Middle East, following its annexation of Crimea and engagement in a proxy war in Eastern Ukraine. While the West has been willing to engage in an EnemyMine, relations between Russia and the West have steadily deteriorated, with the inquiry into the death of Alexander Litvinenko in London concluding that yes, he was murdered (poisoned by a nuclear isotope in his afternoon tea at the Ritz, and yes, it does sound like the plot of a spy film) and yes, it was almost certainly ordered by President Putin. The Russian Ambassador responded by saying that the already cold relations between Britain and Russia had not deteriorated simply because they couldn't get any worse.



** Now with the economic situation becoming more stable, the aforementioned doubts regarding the European Union (and its future) have become more prominent, with the Cameron cabinet ratifying a referendum which will decide the UK's future in the Eurozone. The overflow of migrants from Africa bringing a lot of tension with the rest of the continent. The aftermath of the Paris bombings just worsened the already hostile climate towards migrants in Britain, primarily those from the Middle East, as well as increasing calls to send Brussels a "good riddance" ([[BritishNewspapers this mainly fueled by the newspapers]]).

to:

** Now with the economic situation becoming more stable, the aforementioned doubts regarding the European Union (and its future) have become more prominent, with the Cameron cabinet ratifying a referendum which will decide the UK's future in the Eurozone. The overflow of migrants from Africa bringing a lot of tension with the rest of the continent. The aftermath of the Paris bombings just worsened the already hostile climate towards migrants in Britain, primarily those from the Middle East, as well as increasing calls to send Brussels a "good riddance" ([[BritishNewspapers this mainly fueled by riddance".
* On June 23, 2016,
the newspapers]]).United Kingdom voted "Leave", making the UK the first nation to depart the European Union[[note]]Take in mind that the Parliament needs to trigger "Article 50" to notify the EU of an impending exit. This may be nullified however if the HoC gives a "nay" vote, as the referendum is not legally binding[[note]]. On the same day as the final results came in, UK's national currency, the pound, plummeted to a 31-year all-time low (by as much as 10%) with the European stock markets taking a dive as well, and Prime Minister UsefulNotes/DavidCameron announced his resignation. The whole situation raised additional concerns as Scotland called for a second independence referendum and Northern Ireland called for one to unify with the Dublin Republic, meanwhile the Euroskeptic movements in Belgium, Netherlands and France also began voicing demands for their own ''-II-exit'' referendums, putting the whole European integration project at risk.
* Political pundits have called post-Brexit politics "a mix between ''Series/HouseOfCards'' and ''Series/GameOfThrones''": Johnson was tipped to replace Cameron in the Tory leadership as early as 2012. However he quickly dropped out of the race after Michael Gove announced his intentions to run. He came on third, trailing fellow Brexiteer Andrea Leadsom, who was herself far behind Theresa May, a moderate Tory and member of the "Remain" camp who became PM on July 13. Corbyn's already fragile grip as Labour's leader was weakened even further after numerous MPs accused him of being hesitant to campaign for the "Remain" effort.



** In May 2015, Ireland became the first nation to legalize gay marriage by popular vote.
* Russia, however, stays vehemently conservative and reactionary under the still-ruling UsefulNotes/VladimirPutin. The Orthodox Church enjoys greater and greater state support and becomes more influential, the protests of 2011-12 calm down, [[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2014/02/07/what-you-need-to-know-about-putins-popularity/ and the ruling United Russia party is no longer under popular criticism]], though only from a political standpoint (and that only in the international politics). They still get a lot of flack on the domestic front for being corrupt {{Obstructive Bureaucrat}}s bent on banning this and regulating that. It doesn't help that at least a good deal of criticism coming from the West has little traction among the Russian populace at large, and most Russian opposition parties being so unabashedly Western-oriented that even their political advertisements are often produced in English first (and sometimes ''only'') and are clearly aimed at getting the support abroad, not in their own land.
** There is, however, a sort of grassroots movement for greater popular control on the authority, which managed to produce some result and a notable leader in the person of Alexey Navalny, a corruption-fighting lawyer and activist who in 2013 was nominated to the Moscow mayor election and came second. On the other hand he is a pretty controversial figure mired in scandals about his business (he was even indicted in the case of some tax shenanigans, but was sorta-acquitted later), his political views (due to his reported socializing with some reported Neo-Nazis), and favorite Russian political slander, accusations of being a Government's pawn.

to:

** In May 2015, Ireland became the first nation to legalize gay marriage by popular vote.
vote rather than by a judicial ruling or a parliamentary decision.
* Russia, however, stays vehemently conservative and reactionary under the still-ruling UsefulNotes/VladimirPutin. The Orthodox Church enjoys greater and greater state support and becomes more influential, the protests of 2011-12 calm down, [[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2014/02/07/what-you-need-to-know-about-putins-popularity/ and the ruling United Russia party is no longer under popular criticism]], though only from a political standpoint (and that only in the international politics). They still get a lot of flack on the domestic front for being corrupt {{Obstructive Bureaucrat}}s bent on banning this and regulating that. It doesn't help that at least a good deal of criticism coming from the West has little traction among the Russian populace at large, and most Russian opposition parties are just oriented on the reviled oligarchs, being so unabashedly Western-oriented that even their political advertisements are often produced in English first (and sometimes ''only'') and are clearly aimed at getting the support abroad, not in their own land.
** There is, however, a sort of grassroots movement for greater popular control on the authority, which managed to produce some result and a notable leader in the person of Alexey Navalny, a corruption-fighting lawyer and activist who in 2013 was nominated to the Moscow mayor election and came second. On the other hand he is a pretty controversial figure mired in scandals about his business profile (he was even indicted in the case of some tax shenanigans, but was sorta-acquitted later), his political views (due to his reported socializing with some reported Neo-Nazis), and favorite Russian political slander, accusations of being a Government's pawn.



* In an event which (besides Greenland) is to date without precedent in the history of the EU, 23 June 2016, the United Kingdom voted to leave the Union, making the UK the first nation to leave the European Union. On the same day as the final results came in, UK's national currency, the pound, plummeted to a 31-year all-time low (by as much as 10%) with the European stock markets taking a dive as well, and Prime Minister UsefulNotes/DavidCameron announced his resignation. The whole situation raised additional concerns as the Eurosceptic movements in Belgium, Netherlands and France also began voicing demands for their own ''-II-exit'' referendums, putting the whole European integration project at risk.



** Not helping Erdoan's position are also numerous allegations and accusations of covert trade and cooperation with ISIL/ISIS/IS. Most notable are the pictures showing oil truck heading from ISIS-controlled oil fields towards Turkey.

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** Not helping Erdoan's Erdogan's position are also numerous allegations and accusations of covert trade and cooperation with ISIL/ISIS/IS. Most notable are the pictures showing oil truck heading from ISIS-controlled oil fields towards Turkey.



** And as a topping on the cake, in the evening of July 15, Turkish army attempted a ''Coup d'etat'' against Erdogan's government. While the military claims to be upholding democracy and civil rights, a defiant Erdogan immediately called people in Ankara and Istambul on the streets to oppose the army.

to:

** And as a topping on the cake, in the evening of July 15, Turkish army attempted a ''Coup ''coup d'etat'' against Erdogan's government. While the military claims to be upholding democracy and civil rights, a defiant Erdogan immediately called people in Ankara and Istambul on the streets to oppose the army. The popular reaction finally prevailed, and the President quickly controlled the situation upon arriving to Istanbul. However, there were claims about Erdogan orchestrating a "self-coup".



* In one of the most unpleasant sequences of events ever recorded in the 21st century, '''Iraq''' has returned to the forefront as a volatile flashpoint. The Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, is a Shia in a majority-Shia state; he made his bones upon marginalizing the Sunni minority (many of who are part of the same sect as UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein) while empowering his Shia constituents. Partly as a result, ISIS (no, not [[WesternAnimation/{{Archer}} that ISIS]]), an extremist Sunni paramilitary group, has branched off from the Syrian Civil War and flat-out conquered most of western Iraq. The Kurds at the north have branched off into an independent fighting force, having taken control of the oil-rich north-east. The Shias remain in charge of their southern and central regions, while ISIS is taking control of all Sunni sectors. Note that ISIS already has huge swathes of Syria already under their control; the border between Iraq and Syria has since been effectively demolished, and many people fear a regional conflict is brewing due to spillover from the Syrian Civil War.

to:

* In one of the most unpleasant sequences of events ever recorded in the 21st century, '''Iraq''' has returned to the forefront as a volatile flashpoint. The Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, is a Shia in a majority-Shia state; he made his bones upon marginalizing the Sunni minority (many of who are part of the same sect as UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein) while empowering his Shia constituents. Partly as a result, ISIS (no, not [[WesternAnimation/{{Archer}} [[{{Archer}} that ISIS]]), an extremist Sunni paramilitary group, has branched off from the Syrian Civil War and flat-out conquered most of western Iraq. The Kurds at the north have branched off into an independent fighting force, having taken control of the oil-rich north-east. The Shias remain in charge of their southern and central regions, while ISIS is taking control of all Sunni sectors. Note that ISIS already has huge swathes of Syria already under their control; the border between Iraq and Syria has since been effectively demolished, and many people fear a regional conflict is brewing due to spillover from the Syrian Civil War.
16th Jul '16 10:30:50 AM nombretomado
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* In one of the most unpleasant sequences of events ever recorded in the 21st century, '''Iraq''' has returned to the forefront as a volatile flashpoint. The Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, is a Shia in a majority-Shia state; he made his bones upon marginalizing the Sunni minority (many of who are part of the same sect as UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein) while empowering his Shia constituents. Partly as a result, ISIS (no, not [[{{Archer}} that ISIS]]), an extremist Sunni paramilitary group, has branched off from the Syrian Civil War and flat-out conquered most of western Iraq. The Kurds at the north have branched off into an independent fighting force, having taken control of the oil-rich north-east. The Shias remain in charge of their southern and central regions, while ISIS is taking control of all Sunni sectors. Note that ISIS already has huge swathes of Syria already under their control; the border between Iraq and Syria has since been effectively demolished, and many people fear a regional conflict is brewing due to spillover from the Syrian Civil War.

to:

* In one of the most unpleasant sequences of events ever recorded in the 21st century, '''Iraq''' has returned to the forefront as a volatile flashpoint. The Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, is a Shia in a majority-Shia state; he made his bones upon marginalizing the Sunni minority (many of who are part of the same sect as UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein) while empowering his Shia constituents. Partly as a result, ISIS (no, not [[{{Archer}} [[WesternAnimation/{{Archer}} that ISIS]]), an extremist Sunni paramilitary group, has branched off from the Syrian Civil War and flat-out conquered most of western Iraq. The Kurds at the north have branched off into an independent fighting force, having taken control of the oil-rich north-east. The Shias remain in charge of their southern and central regions, while ISIS is taking control of all Sunni sectors. Note that ISIS already has huge swathes of Syria already under their control; the border between Iraq and Syria has since been effectively demolished, and many people fear a regional conflict is brewing due to spillover from the Syrian Civil War.
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