History UsefulNotes / TheNetherlands

5th Mar '18 3:41:31 AM LB7979
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* Alcohol is legal for persons of 18 years and over. Supermarkets can sell (as opposed to e.g. Australia where they can't sell any alcohol at all) beer, wine and port, but not strong liquor like vodka or whiskey. The official policy is that any person "looking to be under 30 years of age" has to show ID at supermarket check-out lanes, and this is being more strongly enforced lately since government uses undercover underage(-looking) people as "bait" to check if supermarkets and bars adhere to this rule.
* The age of consent is 16. Sex education usually starts in elementary school (it depends on the school), and is formally taught around age 13 in high school biology class. It is generally pretty what would be in the U.S. called "comprehensive" sex education as opposed to "abstinence-based" - except in the small minority of schools that have an explicit conservative-Protestant identity (yes, the Netherlands ''does'' have a Bible Belt).

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* Alcohol is legal to buy or consume for persons of 18 years and over. Supermarkets can sell (as opposed to e.g. Australia where they can't sell any alcohol at all) beer, wine and port, but not strong liquor like vodka or whiskey. The official policy is that any person "looking to be under 30 years of age" has to show ID at supermarket check-out lanes, lanes when buying alcohol, and this is being more strongly enforced lately since government uses undercover underage(-looking) people as "bait" to check if supermarkets and bars adhere to this rule.
rule, and heavily fines them if they don't.
* The age of consent is 16. Sex education usually starts in elementary school (it depends on the school), and is formally taught around age 13 in high school biology class. It usually is generally pretty what would be in the U.S. be called "comprehensive" sex education as opposed to "abstinence-based" - except "abstinence-based"--except in the small minority of those schools that have an explicit conservative-Protestant identity (yes, the Netherlands ''does'' have a Bible Belt).
4th Mar '18 8:41:26 PM nombretomado
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There is a strange and tangential association where Holland shaped the culture and politics of [[StrokeCountry Northern Ireland]]. When Great Britain ran out of home-grown royalty with a plausible claim to the throne in the late 1600's, the Dutch prince William was invited to become King of England. The new King William of the House of Orange had to fight a war in Ireland to assert his claim to kingship there. In what was at least part a religious war with the Catholic pretenders, the Stuarts, Prince William of Orange fought a decisive battle at Boyne Water. His men wore orange sashes in the Dutch national colour to distinguish themselves, whilst the orange-sashed William himself rode an iconic white horse. to this day Prince William on his white horse is acclaimed as saviour of Protestant Ireland and the orange sash is still proudly worn on parades as a mark of Ulster Protestant identity. Even the national flag of the Republic of Ireland acknowledges the country also has a Protestant identity - one third of the tricolour is Dutch Orange.

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There is a strange and tangential association where Holland shaped the culture and politics of [[StrokeCountry Northern Ireland]].UsefulNotes/NorthernIreland. When Great Britain ran out of home-grown royalty with a plausible claim to the throne in the late 1600's, the Dutch prince William was invited to become King of England. The new King William of the House of Orange had to fight a war in Ireland to assert his claim to kingship there. In what was at least part a religious war with the Catholic pretenders, the Stuarts, Prince William of Orange fought a decisive battle at Boyne Water. His men wore orange sashes in the Dutch national colour to distinguish themselves, whilst the orange-sashed William himself rode an iconic white horse. to this day Prince William on his white horse is acclaimed as saviour of Protestant Ireland and the orange sash is still proudly worn on parades as a mark of Ulster Protestant identity. Even the national flag of the Republic of Ireland acknowledges the country also has a Protestant identity - one third of the tricolour is Dutch Orange.
28th Aug '17 11:41:26 AM PaddyMurphy
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The claim that "[[BilingualBonus Everybody in the Netherlands speaks English]]" is very accurate. This is mainly because the Dutch and English languages [[https://elms.wordpress.com/2008/03/04/lexical-distance-among-languages-of-europe/ have similar grammatical and word structure]] (as both English and Dutch are from the Germanic language family[[note]]A minority in the northern province of ''Friesland'' speaks Frysian, which is actually the language most linguistically closely-related to English of the world.[[/note]]) and the fact that early education requires children to learn English, and English is a mandatory subject until high school graduation[[note]]which is at 17, 18 or 16, depending on the track / level you follow[[/note]]. Two other foreign languages, usually German and French though in some schools Spanish, Chinese or Arabic are options too, are required to be taken for at least 2 years in high school and optionally for up to 6 years - which makes the Netherlands one of the most [[{{Omniglot}} polyglot]] countries in Europe. Latin and classical Greek are included for students that are at the top tier of the Dutch school system. At Universities / Colleges, Dutch is the standard for "Bachelor" level but English is ''required by law'' at "Master" level University for the lectures to given in, and assignments to be written in (probably Justified because University Master programmes typically have a lot of foreign students). English serves as a ''de facto'' secondary language in the Netherlands, with Dutch people regularly using English words in otherwise Dutch sentences[[note]]Funnily enough, the Dutch have completely incorporated the English-language swear words "Fuck" and "Shit", to the point that they use them more casually than native-English-speakers themself [[/note]]. Fluency is probably helped by the fact that on TV and in movies subtitling is generally preferred over dubbing, regardless of a work's original language. Dubbing a work into Dutch is usually reserved for small kids (preschoolers)' media, though as of late more VideoGames are using dubbing as well.

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The claim that "[[BilingualBonus Everybody in the Netherlands speaks English]]" is very accurate. This is mainly because the Dutch and English languages [[https://elms.wordpress.com/2008/03/04/lexical-distance-among-languages-of-europe/ have similar grammatical and word structure]] (as both English and Dutch are from the Germanic language family[[note]]A minority in the northern province of ''Friesland'' speaks Frysian, which is actually the language most linguistically closely-related to English of the world. Unless you count Scots,
which not everyone does.
[[/note]]) and the fact that early education requires children to learn English, and English is a mandatory subject until high school graduation[[note]]which is at 17, 18 or 16, depending on the track / level you follow[[/note]]. Two other foreign languages, usually German and French though in some schools Spanish, Chinese or Arabic are options too, are required to be taken for at least 2 years in high school and optionally for up to 6 years - which makes the Netherlands one of the most [[{{Omniglot}} polyglot]] countries in Europe. Latin and classical Greek are included for students that are at the top tier of the Dutch school system. At Universities / Colleges, Dutch is the standard for "Bachelor" level but English is ''required by law'' at "Master" level University for the lectures to given in, and assignments to be written in (probably Justified because University Master programmes typically have a lot of foreign students). English serves as a ''de facto'' secondary language in the Netherlands, with Dutch people regularly using English words in otherwise Dutch sentences[[note]]Funnily enough, the Dutch have completely incorporated the English-language swear words "Fuck" and "Shit", to the point that they use them more casually than native-English-speakers themself [[/note]]. Fluency is probably helped by the fact that on TV and in movies subtitling is generally preferred over dubbing, regardless of a work's original language. Dubbing a work into Dutch is usually reserved for small kids (preschoolers)' media, though as of late more VideoGames are using dubbing as well.
2nd Aug '17 5:27:58 AM LB7979
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Although the country's name is plural in many languages, the Dutch name for it is simply "Nederland", which would translate to "Netherland". [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eE_IUPInEuc "The Kingdom of the Netherlands", plural, consists of Aruba, Curaçao, the Netherlands, and Sint Maarten]]. ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holland_(disambiguation) Holland]]'' actually is the name of only two of its provinces (North Holland and South Holland), but is often used to denote the entire Netherlands--even by many Dutch people. (People who actually ''live'' in either Noord-Holland or Zuid-Holland have a good excuse.)

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Although the country's name is plural in many languages, the Dutch name for it is simply "Nederland", which would translate to "Netherland". [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eE_IUPInEuc "The Kingdom of the Netherlands", plural, consists of Aruba, Curaçao, the Netherlands, and Sint Maarten]]. ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holland_(disambiguation) Holland]]'' actually is the name of only two of its provinces (North Holland and South Holland), but is often used casually to denote refer to the entire Netherlands--even Netherlands country, even by many Dutch people. (People who actually ''live'' in either Noord-Holland or Zuid-Holland have a good excuse.)
people.
1st Aug '17 12:26:50 AM LB7979
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The Netherlands ('''Dutch:''' ''Nederland'') is a country in Western Europe. It's famous for not only being flat, but in large part below sea level. It's also the country of cheese (Gouda, Edam), Delftware, [[LandOfTulipsAndWindmills windmills, tulips, clogs]], [[Creator/RembrandtVanRijn some of]] [[Creator/JohannesVermeer the greatest]] [[Creator/HieronymusBosch painters]] [[Creator/VincentVanGogh the world]] has ever known, [[BreadEggsMilkSquick blow-up dolls and cannabis.]]

Although the country's name is plural in many languages, the Dutch name for it is simply "Nederland", which would translate to "Netherland". [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eE_IUPInEuc "The Kingdom of the Netherlands", plural, consists of Aruba, Curaçao, the Netherlands, and Sint Maarten]]. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holland_(disambiguation) Holland]] is the name of two of its provinces (North Holland and South Holland), and is often used to denote the entire Netherlands -- even by many Dutch people. (People who actually ''live'' in either Noord-Holland or Zuid-Holland have a good excuse.)

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The Netherlands ('''Dutch:''' (Dutch: ''Nederland'') is a country in Western Europe. It's famous for not only being flat, but in large part below sea level. It's also the country of cheese (Gouda, Edam), Delftware, [[LandOfTulipsAndWindmills windmills, tulips, clogs]], [[Creator/RembrandtVanRijn some of]] [[Creator/JohannesVermeer the greatest]] [[Creator/HieronymusBosch painters]] [[Creator/VincentVanGogh the world]] has ever known, [[BreadEggsMilkSquick blow-up dolls and cannabis.]]

Although the country's name is plural in many languages, the Dutch name for it is simply "Nederland", which would translate to "Netherland". [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eE_IUPInEuc "The Kingdom of the Netherlands", plural, consists of Aruba, Curaçao, the Netherlands, and Sint Maarten]]. [[http://en.''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holland_(disambiguation) Holland]] Holland]]'' actually is the name of only two of its provinces (North Holland and South Holland), and but is often used to denote the entire Netherlands -- even Netherlands--even by many Dutch people. (People who actually ''live'' in either Noord-Holland or Zuid-Holland have a good excuse.)
11th Jul '17 11:31:25 PM shadowmanwkp
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* The most divisive and notorious taste of all: ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salty_liquorice Dutch liquorice]]''. In Dutch called "''drop''", it's a much more salty, much more "[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umami umami]]", much more flavoury, and not-sweet-at-all form of what's outside of the Netherlands known as "liquorice". It is ''notorious'' for evoking ''either'' a major ''{{Squick}}! / "that's disguisting!"'' response if one hasn't been exposed to it from about early childhood on, ''or'' a {{Squee}} response if one ''has'' been. Though only a minority of Dutch people might be really addicted to it, ''many'' revert to it as a means to alleviate a flu or a cold. [[note]]There's also a ''sweet / sugary'' form of liquorice in the Netherlands, that is much more likely to agree with non-Dutch people's palates; strangely enough this is called in the Netherlands "''Engelse'' drop" / "''English'' liquorice" - even though this is not a candy actually known in the U.K. / Britain / England.[[/note]]

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* The most divisive and notorious taste of all: ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salty_liquorice Dutch liquorice]]''. In Dutch called "''drop''", it's a much more salty, much more "[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umami umami]]", much more flavoury, and not-sweet-at-all form of what's outside of the Netherlands known as "liquorice". It is ''notorious'' for evoking ''either'' a major ''{{Squick}}! / "that's disguisting!"'' response if one hasn't been exposed to it from about early childhood on, ''or'' a {{Squee}} response if one ''has'' been. Though only a minority of Dutch people might be really addicted to it, ''many'' revert revere to it as a means to alleviate a flu or a cold. [[note]]There's also a ''sweet / sugary'' form of liquorice in the Netherlands, that is much more likely to agree with non-Dutch people's palates; strangely enough this is called in the Netherlands "''Engelse'' drop" / "''English'' liquorice" - even though this is not a candy actually known in the U.K. / Britain / England.[[/note]]cold.
22nd Jun '17 10:57:29 PM LB7979
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Then UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte tried to set up a puppet state called the "Kingdom of Holland" (which was technically the first Dutch kingdom), but that didn't really work out the way he wanted (for one thing, his appointed stooge, brother Louis, took Dutch interests to heart over Napoleon's, also helped with his own money ''and hands'' at the gunpowder disaster in Leyden), so he eventually just put an end to the kingdom and made the Netherlands part of the French Empire.

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Then UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte tried to set up a puppet state called the "Kingdom of Holland" (which was technically the first Dutch kingdom), but that didn't really work out the way he wanted (for one thing, his appointed stooge, brother Louis, took Dutch interests to heart over Napoleon's, also helped with his own money ''and hands'' at [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leiden#19th_and_20th_centuries the gunpowder disaster in Leyden), Leiden]]), so he eventually just put an end to the kingdom and made the Netherlands part of the French Empire.



The Netherlands today is a democratic constitutional monarchy. It used to be famous for a political system called "consociationalism", where the [[UsefulNotes/{{Pillarisation}} different religious and social groups]] of the country each had a veto over national policy, but this worked so well, the nation no longer needs it; this didn't keep the Dutch political scientist Arend Lijphart from advocating the implementation of similar systems in other conflict-torn countries (with varying degrees of success). Its former prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende resembled Franchise/HarryPotter, except for completely lacking the ability to get out of scrapes (besides his bout with necrotizing fasciits, which he thankfully survived).

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The Netherlands today is a democratic constitutional monarchy. It used to be famous for a political system called "consociationalism", where the [[UsefulNotes/{{Pillarisation}} different religious and social groups]] of the country each had a veto over national policy, but this worked so well, the nation no longer needs it; this didn't keep the Dutch political scientist Arend Lijphart from advocating the implementation of similar systems in other conflict-torn countries (with varying degrees of success). Its former prime minister [[https://www.google.com/search?site=&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1040&bih=646&q=jan+peter+balkenende&gws_rd=cr&ei=7KFMWcvWCdHHwAKhqYoI Jan Peter Balkenende Balkenende]] resembled Franchise/HarryPotter, except for completely lacking the ability to get out of scrapes (besides his bout with necrotizing fasciits, which he thankfully survived).


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* ''Film/AllesIsLiefde''
13th Jun '17 9:40:39 PM nombretomado
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It stayed out of WorldWarOne, but was invaded by Germany in WorldWarTwo (and its Indonesian colonies were invaded by the Japanese). Over 100,000 Jews were sent to the camps, [[Literature/TheDiaryOfAYoungGirl Anne Frank]] among them.

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It stayed out of WorldWarOne, UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, but was invaded by Germany in WorldWarTwo UsefulNotes/WorldWarII (and its Indonesian colonies were invaded by the Japanese). Over 100,000 Jews were sent to the camps, [[Literature/TheDiaryOfAYoungGirl Anne Frank]] among them.
13th Jun '17 7:59:01 AM majoraoftime
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* The last third of ''Literature/TheGoldfinch'' takes place in Amsterdam
14th May '17 3:04:36 PM LB7979
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* ''Erwtensoep'' or, colloquially, ''snert'' is (green-)split-pea soup. It's very thick, made from green split peas, celeriac, potatoes and small pieces of the aforementioned ''rookworst'' again. It's a staple of winter cuisine and especially goes together with cold weather and skating.
* ''Beschuit'' is [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rusk#Netherlands_and_Belgium_.28Flanders.29 rusk]] - a dry biscuit, round of ca. 3 inch diameter, that can be eaten as an alternative to bread. It stems from the origin of the Netherlands as a sea-faring country, as they used to be taken on ships centuries ago, since they can be conserved virtually eternally.
* ''Muisjes'' (litt.: "little mice", because their shape resembles those) are aniseeds covered in a sugar coating. Eaten as a sweet topping on buttered bread or on the aforementioned ''beschuit'' / rusk. ''Beschuit met muisjes'', rusk with muisjes, is traditionally eaten when a baby is born by the new parents with visitors for the baby (pink-and-white ''muisjes'' for a baby girl, blue-and-white ''muisjes'' for a baby boy).
* Regarding alcoholic drinks: beer is popular; the most popular brands are Heineken and Grolsch - both successful export products, of course. Though in the 2010's, the Dutch tend to consume more and more Belgian beers. The ''de facto'' Dutch strong liquor is ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenever jenever]]'' - a gin made of juniper. By now old-fashioned, but still loved by old people, is ''advocaat'' - a drink of eggs and brandy that's yellow and thick and has a custard-like taste (an alcoholic version of eggnog).
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