History UsefulNotes / Taiwan

13th Sep '17 6:16:11 PM karstovich2
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Taiwan is an island off the coast of mainland China in the Pacific Ocean. Also known as Formosa and Peng Lai, it was first known to the Europeans through a Portuguese ship spotting it and giving it the name of ''Ilha Formosa'' (Beautiful Island). It is believed that indigenous Taiwanese population first arrived there during the late Ice Ages, and the island has seen a steady stream of Chinese settlers ever since.

After its discovery by the Portuguese, the island was disputed by the Spanish and the Dutch, with the latter eventually prevailing. Then in 1661, a Ming loyalist named Zheng Chenggong (a.k.a. Guoxingye, "Bearer of the Nation's Name", which was [[UsefulNotes/WhyMaoChangedHisName transliterated]] as Koxinga) assembled a fleet and expelled the Dutch, hoping to turn Formosa into a base for the reconquest of the mainland from the Qing.

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Taiwan is an island off the coast of mainland China in the Pacific Ocean. Also known as Formosa and Peng Lai, it was first known to the Europeans through a Portuguese ship spotting it and giving it the name of ''Ilha Formosa'' (Beautiful Island). It is believed that the indigenous Taiwanese population first arrived there during the late Ice Ages, Ages. The indigenous Taiwanese speak Austronesian languages related to the Malayo-Polynesian languages of Southeast Asia and Oceania; genetic studies show that they are most closely related to the peoples of the Philippines (which truth be told aren't that far away). The Chinese, who after all were not that far away, were aware of the island, but they mostly left the place undisturbed because of the fearsomeness of the tribespeople and the lack of valuable goods for trade. Some of the islands off the coast had attracted a fishing colony by the 13th century, but it wasn't until the 16th century that the Chinese started settling in Taiwan in any significant numbers.

Europeans noticed
the island has seen a steady stream of Chinese settlers ever since.

After its discovery by
at about the Portuguese, same time. Though the island first Europeans to take note of Taiwan were Portuguese (hence "Formosa"), they did not lay claim to the island. Instead, control of Formosa was disputed by the Spanish and the Dutch, with the latter eventually prevailing. Then in 1661, a Ming loyalist named Zheng Chenggong (a.k.a. Guoxingye, "Bearer of the Nation's Name", which was [[UsefulNotes/WhyMaoChangedHisName transliterated]] as Koxinga) assembled a fleet and expelled the Dutch, hoping to turn Formosa into a base for the reconquest of the mainland from the Qing.
30th Jul '17 4:59:35 AM jormis29
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** By Edward Yang, see also ''A Brighter Summer Day'' (牯嶺街少年殺人事件).

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** By Edward Yang, see also ''A Brighter Summer Day'' ''Film/ABrighterSummerDay'' (牯嶺街少年殺人事件).
28th Jul '17 7:27:15 PM TheWildWestPyro
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Unique among most of Japan's neighbors, the relationship between Japan and Taiwan has been generally positive and easygoing, with relatively few bitter grudges stemming from the Japanese occupation, especially considering that Taiwan was spared most of the horrors of the UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar. It saw no significant land battles (though hundreds of thousands of Taiwanese fought in the [[UsefulNotes/KatanasOfTheRisingSun Imperial Japanese Army]], and the island was devastated by American bombing which destroyed more than 90% of its industrial and electric output). The Japanese occupation ended after [=WW2=] when the Allies handed over Taiwan to the Republic of China, but decades of corrupt rule and SecretPolice arrests and executions--called the "White Terror"--under the Chinese ended up creating a popular nostalgia for the time when Taiwan was a colony of the Japanese Empire. During the tyranny of Chiang Kai-shek's evacuated government, hundreds of thousands of Taiwanese were first involved in a violent uprising (following the infamous 228 Incident in Taipei), or targeted in subsequent terror period, being arrested, executed or otherwise "disappeared", usually for being accused of communist sympathizers, in one of the longest period of martial law in modern history.

to:

Unique among most of Japan's neighbors, the relationship between Japan and Taiwan has been generally positive and easygoing, with relatively few bitter grudges stemming from the Japanese occupation, especially considering that Taiwan was spared most of the horrors of the UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar. It saw no significant land battles (though hundreds of thousands of Taiwanese fought in the [[UsefulNotes/KatanasOfTheRisingSun Imperial Japanese Army]], and the island was devastated by American bombing which destroyed more than 90% of its industrial and electric output). The Japanese occupation ended after [=WW2=] when the Allies handed over Taiwan to the Republic of China, but decades of corrupt rule and SecretPolice arrests and executions--called the "White Terror"--under the Chinese ended up creating a popular nostalgia for the time when Taiwan was a colony of the Japanese Empire. During the tyranny of Chiang Kai-shek's evacuated government, hundreds of thousands of Taiwanese were first involved in a violent uprising (following the infamous 228 Incident in Taipei), or targeted in subsequent terror period, being arrested, executed or otherwise "disappeared", usually for being accused of communist sympathizers, in one of the longest period of martial law in modern history. \n Many were completely innocent, and the purges nearly destroyed the aboriginal Taiwanese intellectual elite.
17th May '17 5:11:45 AM Wuz
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But in 1683, the new dynasty claimed the island, and ruled it until they lost the First Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese held Taiwan from 1895 until the end of WorldWarTwo, after which it fell into the hands of China's Nationalist government. When they lost the Chinese Civil War to [[UsefulNotes/RedChina the communists]], the dictator UsefulNotes/ChiangKaiShek and the other Nationalists fled to the island. Mao had plans to follow Chang and capture Taiwan in 1949, but the United States sent an aircraft carrier to dissuade that. Since then Taiwan maintained a quasi-sovereign status thanks to the protection of the United States. It was placed under martial law from 1949 to the 1980s, when Chiang's son and successor, Chiang Ching-kuo, followed by the first actually 'Taiwanese' president, [[UsefulNotes/KatanasOfTheRisingSun Japanese Army veteran]] Lee Teung-Hui, began to democratize the nation's political system, turning it from a one-party state to a multi-party democracy. Also around this time, the incredibly wealthy government-in-exile (the ruling nationalist party, Kuomintang, ''personally'' had holdings worth around $10 billion US, a consequence of capitalist police state rule) started to lose control: while Taiwan would become one of the Four Great Asian Tigers, Taipei itself lost most international recognition as the government of all of China (only apartheid [[UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica South Africa]] remained an ally).

to:

But in 1683, the new dynasty claimed the island, and ruled it until they lost the First Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese held Taiwan from 1895 until the end of WorldWarTwo, UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, after which it fell into the hands of China's Nationalist government. When they lost the Chinese Civil War to [[UsefulNotes/RedChina the communists]], the dictator UsefulNotes/ChiangKaiShek and the other Nationalists fled to the island. Mao had plans to follow Chang and capture Taiwan in 1949, but the United States sent an aircraft carrier to dissuade that. Since then Taiwan maintained a quasi-sovereign status thanks to the protection of the United States. It was placed under martial law from 1949 to the 1980s, when Chiang's son and successor, Chiang Ching-kuo, followed by the first actually 'Taiwanese' president, [[UsefulNotes/KatanasOfTheRisingSun Japanese Army veteran]] Lee Teung-Hui, began to democratize the nation's political system, turning it from a one-party state to a multi-party democracy. Also around this time, the incredibly wealthy government-in-exile (the ruling nationalist party, Kuomintang, ''personally'' had holdings worth around $10 billion US, a consequence of capitalist police state rule) started to lose control: while Taiwan would become one of the Four Great Asian Tigers, Taipei itself lost most international recognition as the government of all of China (only apartheid [[UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica South Africa]] remained an ally).
13th May '17 2:04:16 AM DienShihGeng
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* TaiwaneseSeries
13th May '17 1:59:11 AM DienShihGeng
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Added DiffLines:

* TaiwaneseSeries
3rd Mar '17 8:04:00 AM AlexHoskins
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Added DiffLines:

* Thunderlord, aka Liang Xih-K'ai, is the {{Superhero}} from ''ComicBook/GlobalGuardians'' and he is the Buddhist monk from Taiwan.
25th Feb '17 2:03:51 PM nombretomado
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* One DaleBrown novel has China attack Taiwan.

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* One DaleBrown Creator/DaleBrown novel has China attack Taiwan.
1st Jan '17 8:49:32 AM AlexHoskins
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* AffablyEvil martial-arts assassin Shenhua of ''Manga/BlackLagoon'' is Taiwanese.

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* AffablyEvil * DarkActionGirl and martial-arts assassin Shenhua of ''Manga/BlackLagoon'' is Taiwanese.
20th Oct '16 9:54:44 AM Morgenthaler
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But in 1683, the new dynasty claimed the island, and ruled it until they lost the First Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese held Taiwan from 1895 until the end of WorldWarTwo, after which it fell into the hands of China's Nationalist government. When they lost the Chinese Civil War to [[RedChina the communists]], the dictator UsefulNotes/ChiangKaiShek and the other Nationalists fled to the island. Mao had plans to follow Chang and capture Taiwan in 1949, but the United States sent an aircraft carrier to dissuade that. Since then Taiwan maintained a quasi-sovereign status thanks to the protection of the United States. It was placed under martial law from 1949 to the 1980s, when Chiang's son and successor, Chiang Ching-kuo, followed by the first actually 'Taiwanese' president, [[KatanasOfTheRisingSun Japanese Army veteran]] Lee Teung-Hui, began to democratize the nation's political system, turning it from a one-party state to a multi-party democracy. Also around this time, the incredibly wealthy government-in-exile (the ruling nationalist party, Kuomintang, ''personally'' had holdings worth around $10 billion US, a consequence of capitalist police state rule) started to lose control: while Taiwan would become one of the Four Great Asian Tigers, Taipei itself lost most international recognition as the government of all of China (only apartheid [[UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica South Africa]] remained an ally).

to:

But in 1683, the new dynasty claimed the island, and ruled it until they lost the First Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese held Taiwan from 1895 until the end of WorldWarTwo, after which it fell into the hands of China's Nationalist government. When they lost the Chinese Civil War to [[RedChina [[UsefulNotes/RedChina the communists]], the dictator UsefulNotes/ChiangKaiShek and the other Nationalists fled to the island. Mao had plans to follow Chang and capture Taiwan in 1949, but the United States sent an aircraft carrier to dissuade that. Since then Taiwan maintained a quasi-sovereign status thanks to the protection of the United States. It was placed under martial law from 1949 to the 1980s, when Chiang's son and successor, Chiang Ching-kuo, followed by the first actually 'Taiwanese' president, [[KatanasOfTheRisingSun [[UsefulNotes/KatanasOfTheRisingSun Japanese Army veteran]] Lee Teung-Hui, began to democratize the nation's political system, turning it from a one-party state to a multi-party democracy. Also around this time, the incredibly wealthy government-in-exile (the ruling nationalist party, Kuomintang, ''personally'' had holdings worth around $10 billion US, a consequence of capitalist police state rule) started to lose control: while Taiwan would become one of the Four Great Asian Tigers, Taipei itself lost most international recognition as the government of all of China (only apartheid [[UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica South Africa]] remained an ally).
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