History UsefulNotes / RussiansWithRifles

23rd Feb '16 11:07:02 PM SSJMagus
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* ''Nagant'' revolver was the main reason why the government decided to pander to him. The Smith & Wesson revolver was beginning to grow obsolete (it used black powder), Nagant offered his revolutionary design for a quite reasonable price. Quite slow and difficult to reload (it didn't have a break-out cylinder and has thus to be reloaded one-by-one), this revolver, however, used a special cartridge that eliminated the gas breakout from the cylinder front, and was thus very powerful for its time. Still a lot of them in storage. There was a double-action version for officers and a single-action version for rank-and-file who used a pistol as part of the equipment.

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* ''Nagant'' revolver was the main reason why the government decided to pander to him. The Smith & Wesson revolver was beginning to grow obsolete (it used black powder), Nagant offered his revolutionary design for a quite reasonable price. Quite slow and difficult to reload (it didn't have a break-out cylinder and has thus to be reloaded one-by-one), this revolver, however, used a special cartridge that eliminated the gas breakout from the cylinder front, and was thus very powerful for its time. Still a lot of them in storage. There was a double-action version for officers and a single-action version for rank-and-file who used a pistol as part of the equipment. Virtually all of the single-action NCO revolvers were eventually converted to double-action.
16th Jan '16 12:17:45 AM thisissostupid
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The first major international military victory that made Russia a great power was against Napoleon. Field Marshal Kutuzov (portrait on the page picture) used what some military historians call "strategical ju-jitsu": he lured Napoleon's army deep into Russia, waited for the supply lines to stretch thin, and counterattacked when winter was closing in. Europe's greatest army was reduced to freezing, hungry crowds of deserters fleeing Russia as fast as they could. [[note]] It wasn't the last time their enemies were so obsessed with tactics and indifferent to/incompetent at logistics that that kind of thing could actually ''work''. Long experience had taught the Russians that the size and low population of their country meant that they, unlike the small and densely-populated countries of western Europe, simply could not ignore logistics (in favour of raiding/'foraging') and expect their men to survive - let alone accomplish their missions. There is a witticism that goes round in amateur military/historical circles naming Russia's greatest strategist as "General Winter". 'General Ensures-His-Men-Are-Adequately-Fed-And-Clothed-Through-Judicious-Planning-And-Stockpiling' ''would be'' his arch-nemesis if only Russia's enemies ever saw fit to employ him. [[/note]]

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The first major international military victory that made Russia a great power was against Napoleon. Field Marshal Kutuzov (portrait on the page picture) Minister of War Barclay de Tolly used what some military historians call "strategical ju-jitsu": he lured Napoleon's army deep into Russia, waited for the supply lines to stretch thin, and counterattacked when winter was closing in. Europe's greatest army was reduced to freezing, hungry crowds of deserters fleeing Russia as fast as they could. [[note]] It wasn't the last time their enemies were so obsessed with tactics and indifferent to/incompetent at logistics that that kind of thing could actually ''work''. Long experience had taught the Russians that the size and low population of their country meant that they, unlike the small and densely-populated countries of western Europe, simply could not ignore logistics (in favour of raiding/'foraging') and expect their men to survive - let alone accomplish their missions. There is a witticism that goes round in amateur military/historical circles naming Russia's greatest strategist as "General Winter". 'General Ensures-His-Men-Are-Adequately-Fed-And-Clothed-Through-Judicious-Planning-And-Stockpiling' ''would be'' his arch-nemesis if only Russia's enemies ever saw fit to employ him. [[/note]]
15th Jun '15 12:25:30 PM MarkLungo
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[[caption-width-right:240:Mikhail Kutuzov, the field marshal who defeated UsefulNotes/{{Napoleon}}]]

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[[caption-width-right:240:Mikhail Kutuzov, the field marshal who defeated UsefulNotes/{{Napoleon}}]]
UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte.]]



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-6 (one star generals: US Brigadier General, UK Brigadier, 1930s Soviet Kombrig)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-6 (one star generals: US Brigadier General, UK Brigadier, 1930s Soviet Kombrig)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-5 (colonels)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-5 (colonels)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-4 (Lt.Colonels)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-4 (Lt.Colonels)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-3 (majors)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-3 (majors)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-2 (captain)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-2 (captain)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-1 Senior (1st lieutenants)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-1 Senior (1st lieutenants)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-1 Junior (2nd lieutenants)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-1 Junior (2nd lieutenants)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: equivalent to Soviet junior lieutenants, no Western equivalent

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: equivalent to Soviet junior lieutenants, no Western equivalent



** Equivalent Common Ranks: the entire spectrum of OR.

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** Equivalent Common Ranks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: the entire spectrum of OR.
15th Jun '15 12:19:05 PM MarkLungo
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[[caption-width-right:240:Mikhail Kutuzov, the field marshal who defeated Napoleon]]

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[[caption-width-right:240:Mikhail Kutuzov, the field marshal who defeated Napoleon]]
UsefulNotes/{{Napoleon}}]]



The military part of the Table, containing the officer ranks, is listed here in comparison to the modern Common Ranks. Note that certain ranks have different terms than ones used today: for example, the rank of Lieutenant only was referred to as "leytenant" in the navy; in the other branches the Polish term ''poruchik'' was used instead. The rank ''praporschik'' (currently a Warrant Officer rank) was used for the EnsignNewbie, similar to the German rank Fahnrich.

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The military part of the Table, containing the officer ranks, is listed here in comparison to the modern Common Ranks.UsefulNotes/CommonRanks. Note that certain ranks have different terms than ones used today: for example, the rank of Lieutenant only was referred to as "leytenant" in the navy; in the other branches the Polish term ''poruchik'' was used instead. The rank ''praporschik'' (currently a Warrant Officer rank) was used for the EnsignNewbie, similar to the German rank Fahnrich.



** Equivalent CommonRanks: Supreme (General of the Armies, Marshal of the Soviet Union (but not the [[JosephStalin Soviet Generalissimus]], who was [[SerialEscalation even higher]])

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: Supreme (General of the Armies, Marshal of the Soviet Union (but not the [[JosephStalin Soviet Generalissimus]], who was [[SerialEscalation even higher]])



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-10 (five star general: US General of the Army, UK Field Marshal, Soviet General of the Army)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-10 (five star general: US General of the Army, UK Field Marshal, Soviet General of the Army)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-9 (four star general: US and UK Generals, Soviet General-Colonel)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-9 (four star general: US and UK Generals, Soviet General-Colonel)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-8 (three star general: US, UK and Soviet Lieutenant Generals)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-8 (three star general: US, UK and Soviet Lieutenant Generals)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-7 (two star generals: US, UK and Soviet Major Generals)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-7 (two star generals: US, UK and Soviet Major Generals)
12th Mar '15 9:10:32 PM jormis29
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It was a 'false' economic boom, however, because it was almost all related to war-industries. What's more, by 1916 the inflation and its effects began to bite and by March 1917 there were actually food shortages in Petrograd and Moscow, even though the country was producing a healthy surplus of grain; the dire economic situation, combined with all the tactical defeats and military setbacks, caused members of the Imperial Government and Duma/Parliament to effectively declare a coup in March 1917. The Provisional Government of the Republic under Alexander Kerensky wasn't much better than that the old regime, however, as the problems caused by inflation continued unabated. Several months of ''hyper''-inflation later, [[RedOctober the Communists executed a coup...]]

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It was a 'false' economic boom, however, because it was almost all related to war-industries. What's more, by 1916 the inflation and its effects began to bite and by March 1917 there were actually food shortages in Petrograd and Moscow, even though the country was producing a healthy surplus of grain; the dire economic situation, combined with all the tactical defeats and military setbacks, caused members of the Imperial Government and Duma/Parliament to effectively declare a coup in March 1917. The Provisional Government of the Republic under Alexander Kerensky wasn't much better than that the old regime, however, as the problems caused by inflation continued unabated. Several months of ''hyper''-inflation later, [[RedOctober [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober the Communists executed a coup...]]



* ''Mosin-Nagant'' was the five-shot bolt-action rifle that replaced the Berdan and became famous in both the [[RedOctober Russian Civil War]] and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo the Great Patriotic War]]. It is now sold to private citizens as a hunting weapon. About the only things that connects it to the famous Belgian weaponsmith is basically a lawsuit, as the only detail that Captain Mosin borrowed from Nagant's competing design was present only in the prototype, was completely redesigned in the trials and refinement stage and wasn't even all that important to begin with -- it simply prevented some possible malfunctions. But the Tsar's government decided to placate a famous foreigner and paid him the same amount as to Mosin. Nagant then felt that it was a proof of his copyright and ran with it, advertising himself as one of the rifle's co-designers which is why the rifle is called as such in the West.

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* ''Mosin-Nagant'' was the five-shot bolt-action rifle that replaced the Berdan and became famous in both the [[RedOctober [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober Russian Civil War]] and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo the Great Patriotic War]]. It is now sold to private citizens as a hunting weapon. About the only things that connects it to the famous Belgian weaponsmith is basically a lawsuit, as the only detail that Captain Mosin borrowed from Nagant's competing design was present only in the prototype, was completely redesigned in the trials and refinement stage and wasn't even all that important to begin with -- it simply prevented some possible malfunctions. But the Tsar's government decided to placate a famous foreigner and paid him the same amount as to Mosin. Nagant then felt that it was a proof of his copyright and ran with it, advertising himself as one of the rifle's co-designers which is why the rifle is called as such in the West.
10th Jan '15 1:03:55 PM TheUnsquished
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Milyutin also oversaw the army's rearmament. Initially, muzzle-loading rifles replaced the old smoothbore muskets used since Peter the Great's time. When the [[AustroPrussianWar Austro-Prussian War]] showed that breech-loading rifles were superior, the Russians chose to adopt new rifles and turn their existing rifles into breech-loaders. The weapons adopted (Austrian Krenk, American Berdans 1 and 2) would be Russia's main rifles until the 1890s. The Russians also adopted a Smith and Wesson revolver as their main pistol. For artillery, rifled breech-loading field guns were adopted in 1867, which were made of bronze and used the German Krupp breech system.

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Milyutin also oversaw the army's rearmament. Initially, muzzle-loading rifles replaced the old smoothbore muskets used since Peter the Great's time. When the [[AustroPrussianWar [[UsefulNotes/AustroPrussianWar Austro-Prussian War]] showed that breech-loading rifles were superior, the Russians chose to adopt new rifles and turn their existing rifles into breech-loaders. The weapons adopted (Austrian Krenk, American Berdans 1 and 2) would be Russia's main rifles until the 1890s. The Russians also adopted a Smith and Wesson revolver as their main pistol. For artillery, rifled breech-loading field guns were adopted in 1867, which were made of bronze and used the German Krupp breech system.
7th Dec '14 3:31:21 PM MAI742
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* The ''Model 1900 "Putilov"'' was a 76.2mm field gun used during the Boxer Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese War. It was a design that incorporated a series of rubber recoil rings in the carriage trail that absorbed the gun's recoil and then expanded again to return the barrel into firing position, making it a semi-quick-firing gun. It was already obsolete as the French Model 1897 75mm field gun was introduced three years before.
* The ''1877 Baranovsky 2.5-inch gun'' was an experimental quick-firing field gun that employed a spring-based recoil mechanism. Its creator died when he mishandled a fuse during gun testing, but the Baranovsky gun was employed in the Russo-Turkish War and in certain mountain artillery batteries in the 1880s.

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* The ''1877 Baranovsky 2.5-inch gun'' was an experimental quick-firing field gun that employed a spring-based recoil mechanism. Its creator died when he mishandled a fuse during gun testing, but the Baranovsky gun was employed in the Russo-Turkish War and in certain mountain artillery batteries in the 1880s.
* The ''Model 1900 "Putilov"'' was a 76.2mm field gun used during the Boxer Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese War. It was a design that incorporated a series of rubber recoil rings in the carriage trail that absorbed the gun's recoil and then expanded again to return the barrel into firing position, making it a semi-quick-firing gun. It As with many Austro-Hungarian and German designs introduced in this period, it was already obsolete obsolescent as the French Model 1897 75mm field gun was had been introduced three years before.
* The ''1877 Baranovsky 2.5-inch gun'' was an experimental quick-firing field gun that employed a spring-based recoil mechanism. Its creator died when he mishandled a fuse during gun testing, but the Baranovsky gun was employed in the Russo-Turkish War and in certain mountain artillery batteries in the 1880s.
previously.
7th Dec '14 3:29:34 PM MAI742
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* ''Licorne'' (The Unicorn Gun) was a Russian model of howitzer that was all the rage from the late XVIII century to the Crimean War but lingered on until replaced by rifled artillery (some of them were still in service during the UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar!). It was called such because it was decorated with a cast iron figurine of an unicorn.

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* ''Licorne'' (The Unicorn Gun) was a Russian model of howitzer that was all the rage from the late XVIII century to the Crimean War but lingered on until replaced by rifled artillery (some of them were still in service during the UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar!).UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar, as were similar artillery pieces in the Austro-Hungarian and German armies!). It was called such because it was decorated with a cast iron figurine of an unicorn.
7th Dec '14 3:28:03 PM MAI742
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Concerning the last Emperor of Russia, Nicholas II, opinions differ. Communists think he was a bloody tyrant. Monarchists think he was a saint. But two things can be stated about him as hard facts: he was weak-willed and indecisive, and most of the Russian government's problems at this time stemmed from the government not having the loyalty of any one demographic, but the enmity of many if not all of them. Russian involvement in UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne was almost inevitable, unfortunately, and although the regime seemed to weather the first two years of war well enough the economic situation became critical in the winter of 1916; instead of taxing the population harder or using the war as an excuse to institute land-reform, Nicholas had instead 'abolished' the state liquor monopoly (which provided 1/4 of all 1913 government revenue) - to 'ensure' that the grain thus used would be used for bread instead[[note]] This was not unusual in times of shortage. In 1713, in the 'New England' region of British North America, a group of prominent landowners petitioned the local government to ban the use of Barley in Alcohol due to the food-shortages the region was experiencing. Part of this was due to poor agricultural management but also several bouts of ''the blight'', which struck at wheat in particular - and tried to fund the war through inflationary policies. Regular income (after the abolition of the liquor monopoly) was only enough to cover some 1/3 of expenses, the other 2/3 coming from the government creating money to pay/loan to itself[[note]]i.e. the budget was always, ''always'' written off as if it was balanced, even though throughout the war it ran at a massive deficit. The 'theoretical' money used to pay all those expenses didn't just 'go away' after the budget was presented, it became actual money as it trickled down the various accountancy chains until it made its way into the economy as a whole - and some of which ends up as wages paid into bank accounts and physically handed to people as cash.[[/note]] and printing money with which to pay its personnel. The inflation was made worse by the fact that before the war, the Russian government had insisted on a ridiculously low proportion of cash-in-the-economy-as-a-whole to precious-metals-in-Russian-banks-held-as-reserves ratio: 1:1. That is to say, the value of all the Russian money in the entire 1913 Russian economy was exactly equal to that of all the precious metals in Russia's banks.[[note]]This kind of tight-fisted-ness was just stupid, given that it would be physically impossible for anyone or anything, not even the Russian government itself, to panic and exchange ''all the money in the entire economy'' for ''all the gold and silver in the entire economy'' (save that held by private individuals). By comparison, the contemporary USA had a ratio of more than 2:1.[[/note]]

to:

Concerning the last Emperor of Russia, Nicholas II, opinions differ. Communists think he was a bloody tyrant. Monarchists think he was a saint. But two things can be stated about him as hard facts: he was weak-willed and indecisive, and most of the Russian government's problems at this time stemmed from the government not having the loyalty of any one demographic, but the enmity of many if not all of them. Russian involvement in UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne was almost inevitable, unfortunately, and although the regime seemed to weather the first two years of war well enough the economic situation became critical in the winter of 1916; instead of taxing the population harder or using the war as an excuse to institute land-reform, Nicholas had instead 'abolished' the state liquor monopoly (which provided 1/4 of all 1913 government revenue) - to 'ensure' that the grain thus used would be used for bread instead[[note]] This was not unusual in times of shortage. In 1713, in the 'New England' region of British North America, a group of prominent landowners petitioned the local government to ban the use of Barley in Alcohol due to the food-shortages the region was experiencing. Part of this was due to poor agricultural management but also several bouts of ''the blight'', which struck at wheat in particular - and tried to fund the war through inflationary policies. Regular income (after the abolition of the liquor monopoly) was only enough to cover some 1/3 of expenses, the other 2/3 coming from the government creating money to pay/loan to itself[[note]]i.itself[[/note]] - i.e. the budget was always, ''always'' written off as if it was balanced, even though throughout the war it ran at a massive deficit. The 'theoretical' money used to pay all those expenses didn't just 'go away' after the budget was presented, it became actual money as it trickled down the various accountancy chains until it made its way into the economy as a whole - and some of which ends up as wages paid into bank accounts and physically handed to people as cash.[[/note]] and printing money with which to pay its personnel. The inflation was made worse by the fact that before the war, the Russian government had insisted on a ridiculously low proportion of cash-in-the-economy-as-a-whole to precious-metals-in-Russian-banks-held-as-reserves ratio: 1:1. That is to say, the value of all the Russian money in the entire 1913 Russian economy was exactly equal to that of all the precious metals in Russia's banks.[[note]]This kind of tight-fisted-ness was just stupid, given that it would be physically impossible for anyone or anything, not even the Russian government itself, to panic and exchange ''all the money in the entire economy'' for ''all the gold and silver in the entire economy'' (save that held by private individuals). By comparison, the contemporary USA had a ratio of more than 2:1.[[/note]]
7th Dec '14 3:27:33 PM MAI742
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Concerning the last Emperor of Russia, Nicholas II, opinions differ. Communists think he was a bloody tyrant. Monarchists think he was a saint. But two things can be stated about him as hard facts: he was weak-willed and indecisive, and most of the Russian government's problems at this time stemmed from the government not having the loyalty of any one demographic, but the enmity of many if not all of them. Russian involvement in UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne was almost inevitable, unfortunately, and although the regime seemed to weather the first two years of war well enough the economic situation became critical in the winter of 1916; instead of taxing the population harder or using the war as an excuse to institute land-reform, Nicholas had instead 'abolished' the state liquor monopoly (which provided 1/4 of all 1913 government revenue) - to 'ensure' that the grain thus used would be used for bread instead - and tried to fund the war through inflationary policies. Regular income (after the abolition of the liquor monopoly) was only enough to cover some 1/3 of expenses, the other 2/3 coming from the government creating money to pay/loan to itself[[note]]i.e. the budget was always, ''always'' written off as if it was balanced, even though throughout the war it ran at a massive deficit. The 'theoretical' money used to pay all those expenses didn't just 'go away' after the budget was presented, it became actual money as it trickled down the various accountancy chains until it made its way into the economy as a whole - and some of which ends up as wages paid into bank accounts and physically handed to people as cash.[[/note]] and printing money with which to pay its personnel. The inflation was made worse by the fact that before the war, the Russian government had insisted on a ridiculously low proportion of cash-in-the-economy-as-a-whole to precious-metals-in-Russian-banks-held-as-reserves ratio: 1:1. That is to say, the value of all the Russian money in the entire 1913 Russian economy was exactly equal to that of all the precious metals in Russia's banks.[[note]]This kind of tight-fisted-ness was just stupid, given that it would be physically impossible for anyone or anything, not even the Russian government itself, to panic and exchange ''all the money in the entire economy'' for ''all the gold and silver in the entire economy'' (save that held by private individuals). By comparison, the contemporary USA had a ratio of more than 2:1.[[/note]]

to:

Concerning the last Emperor of Russia, Nicholas II, opinions differ. Communists think he was a bloody tyrant. Monarchists think he was a saint. But two things can be stated about him as hard facts: he was weak-willed and indecisive, and most of the Russian government's problems at this time stemmed from the government not having the loyalty of any one demographic, but the enmity of many if not all of them. Russian involvement in UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne was almost inevitable, unfortunately, and although the regime seemed to weather the first two years of war well enough the economic situation became critical in the winter of 1916; instead of taxing the population harder or using the war as an excuse to institute land-reform, Nicholas had instead 'abolished' the state liquor monopoly (which provided 1/4 of all 1913 government revenue) - to 'ensure' that the grain thus used would be used for bread instead instead[[note]] This was not unusual in times of shortage. In 1713, in the 'New England' region of British North America, a group of prominent landowners petitioned the local government to ban the use of Barley in Alcohol due to the food-shortages the region was experiencing. Part of this was due to poor agricultural management but also several bouts of ''the blight'', which struck at wheat in particular - and tried to fund the war through inflationary policies. Regular income (after the abolition of the liquor monopoly) was only enough to cover some 1/3 of expenses, the other 2/3 coming from the government creating money to pay/loan to itself[[note]]i.e. the budget was always, ''always'' written off as if it was balanced, even though throughout the war it ran at a massive deficit. The 'theoretical' money used to pay all those expenses didn't just 'go away' after the budget was presented, it became actual money as it trickled down the various accountancy chains until it made its way into the economy as a whole - and some of which ends up as wages paid into bank accounts and physically handed to people as cash.[[/note]] and printing money with which to pay its personnel. The inflation was made worse by the fact that before the war, the Russian government had insisted on a ridiculously low proportion of cash-in-the-economy-as-a-whole to precious-metals-in-Russian-banks-held-as-reserves ratio: 1:1. That is to say, the value of all the Russian money in the entire 1913 Russian economy was exactly equal to that of all the precious metals in Russia's banks.[[note]]This kind of tight-fisted-ness was just stupid, given that it would be physically impossible for anyone or anything, not even the Russian government itself, to panic and exchange ''all the money in the entire economy'' for ''all the gold and silver in the entire economy'' (save that held by private individuals). By comparison, the contemporary USA had a ratio of more than 2:1.[[/note]]
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