History UsefulNotes / RussiansWithRifles

20th Oct '16 10:25:38 AM Morgenthaler
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All this eventually led to the White armies' demise; Kornilov died in battle, Kolchak was arrested and shot, other White leaders eventually fled Russia and founded White Emigre military unions that existed for a long time after the revolution; many tens of thousands of Whites ended up working as mercenaries [[NoMoreEmperors for various factions of China's Warlord Era]], such as the Shandong-province Warlord Zhang Zongchang of the 'Three Don't Knows'[[note]]It was said that he didn't know how many concubines/mistresses he had, how much money he had, or how many men he had in his armies[[/note]] - he hired enough of them (c.5000) to form a cavalry regiment and an armoured-train corps. Some of them inexplicably ''helped'' their Red counterparts in the latter's invasion of Xinjiang province in China. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Invasion_of_Xinjiang]]

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All this eventually led to the White armies' demise; Kornilov died in battle, Kolchak was arrested and shot, other White leaders eventually fled Russia and founded White Emigre military unions that existed for a long time after the revolution; many tens of thousands of Whites ended up working as mercenaries [[NoMoreEmperors [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors for various factions of China's Warlord Era]], such as the Shandong-province Warlord Zhang Zongchang of the 'Three Don't Knows'[[note]]It was said that he didn't know how many concubines/mistresses he had, how much money he had, or how many men he had in his armies[[/note]] - he hired enough of them (c.5000) to form a cavalry regiment and an armoured-train corps. Some of them inexplicably ''helped'' their Red counterparts in the latter's invasion of Xinjiang province in China. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Invasion_of_Xinjiang]]
13th Oct '16 5:26:55 PM MarkLungo
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The regular Russian military was created by UsefulNotes/PeterTheGreat. Before him, the Muscovite army was a patchwork of feudal levies, uncontrollable, wild [[{{Cossacks}} Cossack]] allies and a semi-regular, but quite small military organization of Streltsy (Musketmen) - the Moscow city guard. Under the tsars Alexis I and Feodor III a Western-esque, mostly mercenary army of "new formation regiments" was slowly formed in addition to this, but it was Peter who decided to ditch the whole thing and start to build a modern (by his times) regular army with a chain of command.

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The regular Russian military was created by UsefulNotes/PeterTheGreat. Before him, the Muscovite army was a patchwork of feudal levies, uncontrollable, wild [[{{Cossacks}} [[UsefulNotes/{{Cossacks}} Cossack]] allies and a semi-regular, but quite small military organization of Streltsy (Musketmen) - the Moscow city guard. Under the tsars Alexis I and Feodor III a Western-esque, mostly mercenary army of "new formation regiments" was slowly formed in addition to this, but it was Peter who decided to ditch the whole thing and start to build a modern (by his times) regular army with a chain of command.
2nd Oct '16 2:37:44 AM Morgenthaler
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** Equivalent UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: Supreme (General of the Armies, Marshal of the Soviet Union (but not the [[JosephStalin Soviet Generalissimus]], who was [[SerialEscalation even higher]])

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** Equivalent UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: Supreme (General of the Armies, Marshal of the Soviet Union (but not the [[JosephStalin [[UsefulNotes/JosephStalin Soviet Generalissimus]], who was [[SerialEscalation even higher]])



* The ''Model 1900 "Putilov"'' was a 76.2mm field gun used during the Boxer Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese War. It was a design that incorporated a series of rubber recoil rings in the carriage trail that absorbed the gun's recoil and then expanded again to return the barrel into firing position, making it a semi-quick-firing gun. As with many Austro-Hungarian and German designs introduced in this period, it was already obsolescent as the French Model 1897 75mm field gun had been introduced three years previously.

to:

* The ''Model 1900 "Putilov"'' was a 76.2mm field gun used during the Boxer Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese War. It was a design that incorporated a series of rubber recoil rings in the carriage trail that absorbed the gun's recoil and then expanded again to return the barrel into firing position, making it a semi-quick-firing gun. As with many Austro-Hungarian and German designs introduced in this period, it was already obsolescent as the French Model 1897 75mm field gun had been introduced three years previously.
23rd Feb '16 11:07:02 PM SSJMagus
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* ''Nagant'' revolver was the main reason why the government decided to pander to him. The Smith & Wesson revolver was beginning to grow obsolete (it used black powder), Nagant offered his revolutionary design for a quite reasonable price. Quite slow and difficult to reload (it didn't have a break-out cylinder and has thus to be reloaded one-by-one), this revolver, however, used a special cartridge that eliminated the gas breakout from the cylinder front, and was thus very powerful for its time. Still a lot of them in storage. There was a double-action version for officers and a single-action version for rank-and-file who used a pistol as part of the equipment.

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* ''Nagant'' revolver was the main reason why the government decided to pander to him. The Smith & Wesson revolver was beginning to grow obsolete (it used black powder), Nagant offered his revolutionary design for a quite reasonable price. Quite slow and difficult to reload (it didn't have a break-out cylinder and has thus to be reloaded one-by-one), this revolver, however, used a special cartridge that eliminated the gas breakout from the cylinder front, and was thus very powerful for its time. Still a lot of them in storage. There was a double-action version for officers and a single-action version for rank-and-file who used a pistol as part of the equipment. Virtually all of the single-action NCO revolvers were eventually converted to double-action.
16th Jan '16 12:17:45 AM thisissostupid
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The first major international military victory that made Russia a great power was against Napoleon. Field Marshal Kutuzov (portrait on the page picture) used what some military historians call "strategical ju-jitsu": he lured Napoleon's army deep into Russia, waited for the supply lines to stretch thin, and counterattacked when winter was closing in. Europe's greatest army was reduced to freezing, hungry crowds of deserters fleeing Russia as fast as they could. [[note]] It wasn't the last time their enemies were so obsessed with tactics and indifferent to/incompetent at logistics that that kind of thing could actually ''work''. Long experience had taught the Russians that the size and low population of their country meant that they, unlike the small and densely-populated countries of western Europe, simply could not ignore logistics (in favour of raiding/'foraging') and expect their men to survive - let alone accomplish their missions. There is a witticism that goes round in amateur military/historical circles naming Russia's greatest strategist as "General Winter". 'General Ensures-His-Men-Are-Adequately-Fed-And-Clothed-Through-Judicious-Planning-And-Stockpiling' ''would be'' his arch-nemesis if only Russia's enemies ever saw fit to employ him. [[/note]]

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The first major international military victory that made Russia a great power was against Napoleon. Field Marshal Kutuzov (portrait on the page picture) Minister of War Barclay de Tolly used what some military historians call "strategical ju-jitsu": he lured Napoleon's army deep into Russia, waited for the supply lines to stretch thin, and counterattacked when winter was closing in. Europe's greatest army was reduced to freezing, hungry crowds of deserters fleeing Russia as fast as they could. [[note]] It wasn't the last time their enemies were so obsessed with tactics and indifferent to/incompetent at logistics that that kind of thing could actually ''work''. Long experience had taught the Russians that the size and low population of their country meant that they, unlike the small and densely-populated countries of western Europe, simply could not ignore logistics (in favour of raiding/'foraging') and expect their men to survive - let alone accomplish their missions. There is a witticism that goes round in amateur military/historical circles naming Russia's greatest strategist as "General Winter". 'General Ensures-His-Men-Are-Adequately-Fed-And-Clothed-Through-Judicious-Planning-And-Stockpiling' ''would be'' his arch-nemesis if only Russia's enemies ever saw fit to employ him. [[/note]]
15th Jun '15 12:25:30 PM MarkLungo
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[[caption-width-right:240:Mikhail Kutuzov, the field marshal who defeated UsefulNotes/{{Napoleon}}]]

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[[caption-width-right:240:Mikhail Kutuzov, the field marshal who defeated UsefulNotes/{{Napoleon}}]]
UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte.]]



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-6 (one star generals: US Brigadier General, UK Brigadier, 1930s Soviet Kombrig)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-6 (one star generals: US Brigadier General, UK Brigadier, 1930s Soviet Kombrig)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-5 (colonels)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-5 (colonels)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-4 (Lt.Colonels)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-4 (Lt.Colonels)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-3 (majors)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-3 (majors)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-2 (captain)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-2 (captain)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-1 Senior (1st lieutenants)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-1 Senior (1st lieutenants)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-1 Junior (2nd lieutenants)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-1 Junior (2nd lieutenants)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: equivalent to Soviet junior lieutenants, no Western equivalent

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: equivalent to Soviet junior lieutenants, no Western equivalent



** Equivalent Common Ranks: the entire spectrum of OR.

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** Equivalent Common Ranks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: the entire spectrum of OR.
15th Jun '15 12:19:05 PM MarkLungo
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[[caption-width-right:240:Mikhail Kutuzov, the field marshal who defeated Napoleon]]

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[[caption-width-right:240:Mikhail Kutuzov, the field marshal who defeated Napoleon]]
UsefulNotes/{{Napoleon}}]]



The military part of the Table, containing the officer ranks, is listed here in comparison to the modern Common Ranks. Note that certain ranks have different terms than ones used today: for example, the rank of Lieutenant only was referred to as "leytenant" in the navy; in the other branches the Polish term ''poruchik'' was used instead. The rank ''praporschik'' (currently a Warrant Officer rank) was used for the EnsignNewbie, similar to the German rank Fahnrich.

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The military part of the Table, containing the officer ranks, is listed here in comparison to the modern Common Ranks.UsefulNotes/CommonRanks. Note that certain ranks have different terms than ones used today: for example, the rank of Lieutenant only was referred to as "leytenant" in the navy; in the other branches the Polish term ''poruchik'' was used instead. The rank ''praporschik'' (currently a Warrant Officer rank) was used for the EnsignNewbie, similar to the German rank Fahnrich.



** Equivalent CommonRanks: Supreme (General of the Armies, Marshal of the Soviet Union (but not the [[JosephStalin Soviet Generalissimus]], who was [[SerialEscalation even higher]])

to:

** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: Supreme (General of the Armies, Marshal of the Soviet Union (but not the [[JosephStalin Soviet Generalissimus]], who was [[SerialEscalation even higher]])



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-10 (five star general: US General of the Army, UK Field Marshal, Soviet General of the Army)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-10 (five star general: US General of the Army, UK Field Marshal, Soviet General of the Army)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-9 (four star general: US and UK Generals, Soviet General-Colonel)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-9 (four star general: US and UK Generals, Soviet General-Colonel)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-8 (three star general: US, UK and Soviet Lieutenant Generals)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-8 (three star general: US, UK and Soviet Lieutenant Generals)



** Equivalent CommonRanks: OF-7 (two star generals: US, UK and Soviet Major Generals)

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** Equivalent CommonRanks: UsefulNotes/CommonRanks: OF-7 (two star generals: US, UK and Soviet Major Generals)
12th Mar '15 9:10:32 PM jormis29
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It was a 'false' economic boom, however, because it was almost all related to war-industries. What's more, by 1916 the inflation and its effects began to bite and by March 1917 there were actually food shortages in Petrograd and Moscow, even though the country was producing a healthy surplus of grain; the dire economic situation, combined with all the tactical defeats and military setbacks, caused members of the Imperial Government and Duma/Parliament to effectively declare a coup in March 1917. The Provisional Government of the Republic under Alexander Kerensky wasn't much better than that the old regime, however, as the problems caused by inflation continued unabated. Several months of ''hyper''-inflation later, [[RedOctober the Communists executed a coup...]]

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It was a 'false' economic boom, however, because it was almost all related to war-industries. What's more, by 1916 the inflation and its effects began to bite and by March 1917 there were actually food shortages in Petrograd and Moscow, even though the country was producing a healthy surplus of grain; the dire economic situation, combined with all the tactical defeats and military setbacks, caused members of the Imperial Government and Duma/Parliament to effectively declare a coup in March 1917. The Provisional Government of the Republic under Alexander Kerensky wasn't much better than that the old regime, however, as the problems caused by inflation continued unabated. Several months of ''hyper''-inflation later, [[RedOctober [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober the Communists executed a coup...]]



* ''Mosin-Nagant'' was the five-shot bolt-action rifle that replaced the Berdan and became famous in both the [[RedOctober Russian Civil War]] and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo the Great Patriotic War]]. It is now sold to private citizens as a hunting weapon. About the only things that connects it to the famous Belgian weaponsmith is basically a lawsuit, as the only detail that Captain Mosin borrowed from Nagant's competing design was present only in the prototype, was completely redesigned in the trials and refinement stage and wasn't even all that important to begin with -- it simply prevented some possible malfunctions. But the Tsar's government decided to placate a famous foreigner and paid him the same amount as to Mosin. Nagant then felt that it was a proof of his copyright and ran with it, advertising himself as one of the rifle's co-designers which is why the rifle is called as such in the West.

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* ''Mosin-Nagant'' was the five-shot bolt-action rifle that replaced the Berdan and became famous in both the [[RedOctober [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober Russian Civil War]] and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo the Great Patriotic War]]. It is now sold to private citizens as a hunting weapon. About the only things that connects it to the famous Belgian weaponsmith is basically a lawsuit, as the only detail that Captain Mosin borrowed from Nagant's competing design was present only in the prototype, was completely redesigned in the trials and refinement stage and wasn't even all that important to begin with -- it simply prevented some possible malfunctions. But the Tsar's government decided to placate a famous foreigner and paid him the same amount as to Mosin. Nagant then felt that it was a proof of his copyright and ran with it, advertising himself as one of the rifle's co-designers which is why the rifle is called as such in the West.
10th Jan '15 1:03:55 PM TheUnsquished
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Milyutin also oversaw the army's rearmament. Initially, muzzle-loading rifles replaced the old smoothbore muskets used since Peter the Great's time. When the [[AustroPrussianWar Austro-Prussian War]] showed that breech-loading rifles were superior, the Russians chose to adopt new rifles and turn their existing rifles into breech-loaders. The weapons adopted (Austrian Krenk, American Berdans 1 and 2) would be Russia's main rifles until the 1890s. The Russians also adopted a Smith and Wesson revolver as their main pistol. For artillery, rifled breech-loading field guns were adopted in 1867, which were made of bronze and used the German Krupp breech system.

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Milyutin also oversaw the army's rearmament. Initially, muzzle-loading rifles replaced the old smoothbore muskets used since Peter the Great's time. When the [[AustroPrussianWar [[UsefulNotes/AustroPrussianWar Austro-Prussian War]] showed that breech-loading rifles were superior, the Russians chose to adopt new rifles and turn their existing rifles into breech-loaders. The weapons adopted (Austrian Krenk, American Berdans 1 and 2) would be Russia's main rifles until the 1890s. The Russians also adopted a Smith and Wesson revolver as their main pistol. For artillery, rifled breech-loading field guns were adopted in 1867, which were made of bronze and used the German Krupp breech system.
7th Dec '14 3:31:21 PM MAI742
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* The ''Model 1900 "Putilov"'' was a 76.2mm field gun used during the Boxer Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese War. It was a design that incorporated a series of rubber recoil rings in the carriage trail that absorbed the gun's recoil and then expanded again to return the barrel into firing position, making it a semi-quick-firing gun. It was already obsolete as the French Model 1897 75mm field gun was introduced three years before.
* The ''1877 Baranovsky 2.5-inch gun'' was an experimental quick-firing field gun that employed a spring-based recoil mechanism. Its creator died when he mishandled a fuse during gun testing, but the Baranovsky gun was employed in the Russo-Turkish War and in certain mountain artillery batteries in the 1880s.

to:

* The ''1877 Baranovsky 2.5-inch gun'' was an experimental quick-firing field gun that employed a spring-based recoil mechanism. Its creator died when he mishandled a fuse during gun testing, but the Baranovsky gun was employed in the Russo-Turkish War and in certain mountain artillery batteries in the 1880s.
* The ''Model 1900 "Putilov"'' was a 76.2mm field gun used during the Boxer Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese War. It was a design that incorporated a series of rubber recoil rings in the carriage trail that absorbed the gun's recoil and then expanded again to return the barrel into firing position, making it a semi-quick-firing gun. It As with many Austro-Hungarian and German designs introduced in this period, it was already obsolete obsolescent as the French Model 1897 75mm field gun was had been introduced three years before.
* The ''1877 Baranovsky 2.5-inch gun'' was an experimental quick-firing field gun that employed a spring-based recoil mechanism. Its creator died when he mishandled a fuse during gun testing, but the Baranovsky gun was employed in the Russo-Turkish War and in certain mountain artillery batteries in the 1880s.
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