History UsefulNotes / PresidentsOfChile

10th Nov '15 5:41:29 PM nombretomado
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* '''Salvador Allende''' (1970-1973): Socialist (Popular Unity), a physician and ImpoverishedPatrician from Valparaiso. After [[{{Determinator}} three failed attempts]], he finally won the race for presidency. Was thought of being a ManipulativeBastard and very much a reader into people's souls. Trying to bring socialism to the country (summarized in his motto “The Chilean path to socialism”), he started to nationalize big industries and made the government took full charge of the administration of education and health; he also finished Frei's plan of land seizure. However, his '''horrendous''' economical administration, along with the usual lack of products in the markets (which was NOT helped by the intervention of right-wing groups associated with bussinessmen) and friendship with UsefulNotes/FidelCastro made him extremely unpopular with the right-wing, the United States and eventually, even the more left-center ones. Fearing another UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}, US president RichardNixon and his associate Henry Kissinger [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_intervention_in_Chile made everything they could to make the country collapse]]. In 1973, Allende was deposed in a violent coup d'etat (it involved, between other things, bullet exchanges and fighters [[StuffBlowingUp bombing La Moneda]], the palace government) during [[DrivenToSuicide which he took his own life]], presumably [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled as the last laugh to his enemies]]. The irony? He '''was''' toying with the idea of calling a plebiscite to decide if he would continue in the presidency. He was replaced by the infamous [[GeneralRipper General Augusto Pinochet]], who was reported to have been among the closest to him in the military fields. (And few months before the coup... had publically announced to the presses [[HarsherInHindsight that the military would not intervene to take Allende out of power.]]) In 2008, he was elected the Greatest Chilean in history.

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* '''Salvador Allende''' (1970-1973): Socialist (Popular Unity), a physician and ImpoverishedPatrician from Valparaiso. After [[{{Determinator}} three failed attempts]], he finally won the race for presidency. Was thought of being a ManipulativeBastard and very much a reader into people's souls. Trying to bring socialism to the country (summarized in his motto “The Chilean path to socialism”), he started to nationalize big industries and made the government took full charge of the administration of education and health; he also finished Frei's plan of land seizure. However, his '''horrendous''' economical administration, along with the usual lack of products in the markets (which was NOT helped by the intervention of right-wing groups associated with bussinessmen) businessmen) and friendship with UsefulNotes/FidelCastro made him extremely unpopular with the right-wing, the United States and eventually, even the more left-center ones. Fearing another UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}, US president RichardNixon UsefulNotes/RichardNixon and his associate Henry Kissinger [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_intervention_in_Chile made everything they could to make the country collapse]]. In 1973, Allende was deposed in a violent coup d'etat (it involved, between other things, bullet exchanges and fighters [[StuffBlowingUp bombing La Moneda]], the palace government) during [[DrivenToSuicide which he took his own life]], presumably [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled as the last laugh to his enemies]]. The irony? He '''was''' toying with the idea of calling a plebiscite to decide if he would continue in the presidency. He was replaced by the infamous [[GeneralRipper General Augusto Pinochet]], who was reported to have been among the closest to him in the military fields. (And few months before the coup... had publically announced to the presses [[HarsherInHindsight that the military would not intervene to take Allende out of power.]]) In 2008, he was elected the Greatest Chilean in history.
17th Oct '15 6:17:06 PM nombretomado
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Some other stuff that happened during this period included a visit from the Pope (which is seen either as an attempt to congratulate the country with the rest of the world or ThePope's genuine attempt to help recover democracy -- and quite recalled by protests following John Paul II almost everywhere), the recovery and then collapse of the economy, the '''horrifying''' repressions of the [[SecretPolice DINA]] headed by [[CoronelKillgore Manuel "Mamo" Contreras]], a new Constitution approved in a very disputed plebiscite (very similar to the Anschluss, actually), the death of former President Frei ''juuuuuuuust'' when he had publically announced [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere that he would withdraw his former support to Pinochet]], and yet ''ANOTHER'' earthquake, this time on the capital itself. Finally, after both internal and external pressure elections were called in 1988 (it's said he has a VillainousBreakdown and actually didn't want to aknowledge his loss), ending the dictatorship and starting the democracy again.

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Some other stuff that happened during this period included a visit from the Pope (which is seen either as an attempt to congratulate the country with the rest of the world or ThePope's UsefulNotes/ThePope's genuine attempt to help recover democracy -- and quite recalled by protests following John Paul II almost everywhere), the recovery and then collapse of the economy, the '''horrifying''' repressions of the [[SecretPolice DINA]] headed by [[CoronelKillgore Manuel "Mamo" Contreras]], a new Constitution approved in a very disputed plebiscite (very similar to the Anschluss, actually), the death of former President Frei ''juuuuuuuust'' when he had publically announced [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere that he would withdraw his former support to Pinochet]], and yet ''ANOTHER'' earthquake, this time on the capital itself. Finally, after both internal and external pressure elections were called in 1988 (it's said he has a VillainousBreakdown and actually didn't want to aknowledge his loss), ending the dictatorship and starting the democracy again.
22nd Sep '15 8:19:43 AM DDRMASTERM
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'''''Pinochet Dictatorship (1973-1990):''''' '''DINA, Desaparecidos, Repression, Chicago Boys… am I forgetting something? Oh yeah, [[RunningGag another earthquake]]''' - Until the end of the Cold War, Augusto Pinochet would keep control of the country through a [[BananaRepublic dictatorship]]. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_dictatorship_of_Chile_(1973–90)#Suppression_of_political_activity Opponents would be persecuted, imprisoned, tortured, raped, forcefully disappeared, relegated to small villages or exiled]] and, thanks to the network known as Operación Cóndor (Operation Condor), they were not safe even in other countries (as people like ex-Commander-in-Chief Carlos Prats and ex-Minister Orlando Letelier sadly found out). His regime would be pretty infamous for its '''very''' poor human rights register, which would eventually alienate even the people that supported him at the beginning - whether outside or inside the country.

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'''''Pinochet Dictatorship (1973-1990):''''' '''DINA, Desaparecidos, Repression, Chicago Boys… am I forgetting something? Oh yeah, [[RunningGag another earthquake]]''' - Until the end of the Cold War, [[UsefulNotes/AugustoPinochet Augusto Pinochet Pinochet]] would keep control of the country through a [[BananaRepublic dictatorship]]. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_dictatorship_of_Chile_(1973–90)#Suppression_of_political_activity Opponents would be persecuted, imprisoned, tortured, raped, forcefully disappeared, relegated to small villages or exiled]] and, thanks to the network known as Operación Cóndor (Operation Condor), they were not safe even in other countries (as people like ex-Commander-in-Chief Carlos Prats and ex-Minister Orlando Letelier sadly found out). His regime would be pretty infamous for its '''very''' poor human rights register, which would eventually alienate even the people that supported him at the beginning - whether outside or inside the country.
21st Sep '15 12:44:16 PM DDRMASTERM
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* '''Salvador Allende''' (1970-1973): Socialist (Popular Unity), a physician and ImpoverishedPatrician from Valparaiso. After [[{{Determinator}} three failed attempts]], he finally won the race for presidency. Was thought of being a ManipulativeBastard and very much a reader into people's souls. Trying to bring socialism to the country (summarized in his motto “The Chilean path to socialism”), he started to nationalize big industries and made the government took full charge of the administration of education and health; he also finished Frei's plan of land seizure. However, his '''horrendous''' economical administration, along with the usual lack of products in the markets (which was NOT helped by the intervention of right-wing groups associated with bussinessmen) and friendship with UsefulNotes/FidelCastro made him extremely unpopular with the right-wing, the United States and eventually, even the more left-center ones. Fearing another UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}, US president RichardNixon and his associate Henry Kissinger [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_intervention_in_Chile made everything they could to make the country collapse]]. In 1973, Allende was deposed in a violent coup d'etat (it involved, between other things, bullet exchanges and fighters [[StuffBlowingUp bombing La Moneda]], the palace government) during [[DrivenToSuicide which he took his own life]], presumably as [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled as the last laugh to his enemies]]. The irony? He '''was''' toying with the idea of calling a plebiscite to decide if he would continue in the presidency. He was replaced by the infamous [[GeneralRipper General Augusto Pinochet]], who was reported to have been among the closest to him in the military fields. (And few months before the coup... had publically announced to the presses [[HarsherInHindsight that the military would not intervene to take Allende out of power.]]) In 2008, he was elected the Greatest Chilean in history.

to:

* '''Salvador Allende''' (1970-1973): Socialist (Popular Unity), a physician and ImpoverishedPatrician from Valparaiso. After [[{{Determinator}} three failed attempts]], he finally won the race for presidency. Was thought of being a ManipulativeBastard and very much a reader into people's souls. Trying to bring socialism to the country (summarized in his motto “The Chilean path to socialism”), he started to nationalize big industries and made the government took full charge of the administration of education and health; he also finished Frei's plan of land seizure. However, his '''horrendous''' economical administration, along with the usual lack of products in the markets (which was NOT helped by the intervention of right-wing groups associated with bussinessmen) and friendship with UsefulNotes/FidelCastro made him extremely unpopular with the right-wing, the United States and eventually, even the more left-center ones. Fearing another UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}, US president RichardNixon and his associate Henry Kissinger [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_intervention_in_Chile made everything they could to make the country collapse]]. In 1973, Allende was deposed in a violent coup d'etat (it involved, between other things, bullet exchanges and fighters [[StuffBlowingUp bombing La Moneda]], the palace government) during [[DrivenToSuicide which he took his own life]], presumably as presumably [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled as the last laugh to his enemies]]. The irony? He '''was''' toying with the idea of calling a plebiscite to decide if he would continue in the presidency. He was replaced by the infamous [[GeneralRipper General Augusto Pinochet]], who was reported to have been among the closest to him in the military fields. (And few months before the coup... had publically announced to the presses [[HarsherInHindsight that the military would not intervene to take Allende out of power.]]) In 2008, he was elected the Greatest Chilean in history.
21st Sep '15 12:41:50 PM DDRMASTERM
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* '''Salvador Allende''' (1970-1973): Socialist (Popular Unity), a physician and ImpoverishedPatrician from Valparaiso. After [[{{Determinator}} three failed attemps]], he finally won the race for presidency. Was thought of being a ManipulativeBastard and very much a reader into people's souls. Trying to bring socialism to the country (summarized in his motto “The Chilean path to socialism”), he started to nationalize big industries and made the government took full charge of the administration of education and health; he also finished Frei's plan of land seizure. However, his '''horrendous''' economical administration, along with the usual lack of products in the markets (which was NOT helped by the intervention of right-wing groups associated with bussinessmen) and friendship with UsefulNotes/FidelCastro made him extremely unpopular with the right-wing, the United States and eventually, even the more left-center ones. Fearing another UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}, US president RichardNixon and his associate Henry Kissinger [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_intervention_in_Chile made everything they could to make the country collapse]]. In 1973, Allende was deposed in a violent coup d'etat (it involved, between other things, bullet exchanges and fighters [[StuffBlowingUp bombing La Moneda]], the palace government) during [[DrivenToSuicide which he took his own life]], presumably as [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled as the last laugh to his enemies]]. The irony? He '''was''' toying with the idea of calling a plebiscite to decide if he would continue in the presidency. He was replaced by the infamous [[GeneralRipper General Augusto Pinochet]], who was reported to have been among the closest to him in the military fields. (And few months before the coup... had publically announced to the presses [[HarsherInHindsight that the military would not intervene to take Allende out of power.]]) In 2008, he was elected the Greatest Chilean in history.

to:

* '''Salvador Allende''' (1970-1973): Socialist (Popular Unity), a physician and ImpoverishedPatrician from Valparaiso. After [[{{Determinator}} three failed attemps]], attempts]], he finally won the race for presidency. Was thought of being a ManipulativeBastard and very much a reader into people's souls. Trying to bring socialism to the country (summarized in his motto “The Chilean path to socialism”), he started to nationalize big industries and made the government took full charge of the administration of education and health; he also finished Frei's plan of land seizure. However, his '''horrendous''' economical administration, along with the usual lack of products in the markets (which was NOT helped by the intervention of right-wing groups associated with bussinessmen) and friendship with UsefulNotes/FidelCastro made him extremely unpopular with the right-wing, the United States and eventually, even the more left-center ones. Fearing another UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}, US president RichardNixon and his associate Henry Kissinger [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_intervention_in_Chile made everything they could to make the country collapse]]. In 1973, Allende was deposed in a violent coup d'etat (it involved, between other things, bullet exchanges and fighters [[StuffBlowingUp bombing La Moneda]], the palace government) during [[DrivenToSuicide which he took his own life]], presumably as [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled as the last laugh to his enemies]]. The irony? He '''was''' toying with the idea of calling a plebiscite to decide if he would continue in the presidency. He was replaced by the infamous [[GeneralRipper General Augusto Pinochet]], who was reported to have been among the closest to him in the military fields. (And few months before the coup... had publically announced to the presses [[HarsherInHindsight that the military would not intervene to take Allende out of power.]]) In 2008, he was elected the Greatest Chilean in history.
9th Sep '15 4:59:43 PM MarkLungo
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* '''José Joaquín Pérez''' (1861-1871): A lot less conservative than his predecessor, his government saw the creation of the Fire Corps, the ChinchaIslandsWar and the population of the center-south region of the country.

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* '''José Joaquín Pérez''' (1861-1871): A lot less conservative than his predecessor, his government saw the creation of the Fire Corps, the ChinchaIslandsWar UsefulNotes/TheChinchaIslandsWar and the population of the center-south region of the country.



So there you have it, the presidents of Chile. That’s the reason why the politics in [[WorldOfSnark Chile]] [[DeadpanSnarker are a motive of mockery.]]

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So there you have it, the presidents of Chile. That’s the reason why the politics in [[WorldOfSnark Chile]] [[DeadpanSnarker are a motive of mockery.]]]]
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22nd Nov '14 3:56:10 PM LongLiveHumour
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* '''Ramón Barros Luco''' (1910-1915): Liberal. The man who had a (rather yummy) sandwich and a public hospital named after him, he was elected president mainly for being the most innocuous politician as well as very old when chosen. He had a very… lax attitude towards governing, giving rise to the meme “99% of problems solve themselves, and the remaining 1% have no solution”. He also joined the nation to the ABC Powers. When WorldWarI broke, the country declared neutrality, something that would be beneficial in the short run, but almost catastrophic some years later.

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* '''Ramón Barros Luco''' (1910-1915): Liberal. The man who had a (rather yummy) sandwich and a public hospital named after him, he was elected president mainly for being the most innocuous politician as well as very old when chosen. He had a very… lax attitude towards governing, giving rise to the meme “99% of problems solve themselves, and the remaining 1% have no solution”. He also joined the nation to the ABC Powers. When WorldWarI UsefulNotes/WorldWarI broke, the country declared neutrality, something that would be beneficial in the short run, but almost catastrophic some years later.



* '''Pedro Aguirre Cerda''' (1938-1941): Radical. From a middle-class family, he was both a lawyer and a schoolteacher. He was the author of a MemeticMutation, “to govern is to educate”, so he dedicated himself to improve the schools and education in general; though he also had to deal with another earthquake in 1939. (He actually managed to checkmate the right-wing via compromising one of his most ambitious projects, the CORFO, in the reconstruction of the damaged cities). He was deathly ill with tuberculosis when he took the charge, so he traveled a lot trying to extend his life a little more; the satirical papers, not knowing it, modified his meme to “to govern is to travel”. WorldWarII arrived and he, despite the pressure from the National Socialist Party, declared the country neutral. He died before his term could end, leading to ''massive'' mourning among Chileans. He kind of looked like Cantinflas, actually, with his notorious mustache. Quite popular compared to other presidents, his FanNickname is "Don Tinto" (Mr. Red Wine) due to owning wine plantations.

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* '''Pedro Aguirre Cerda''' (1938-1941): Radical. From a middle-class family, he was both a lawyer and a schoolteacher. He was the author of a MemeticMutation, “to govern is to educate”, so he dedicated himself to improve the schools and education in general; though he also had to deal with another earthquake in 1939. (He actually managed to checkmate the right-wing via compromising one of his most ambitious projects, the CORFO, in the reconstruction of the damaged cities). He was deathly ill with tuberculosis when he took the charge, so he traveled a lot trying to extend his life a little more; the satirical papers, not knowing it, modified his meme to “to govern is to travel”. WorldWarII UsefulNotes/WorldWarII arrived and he, despite the pressure from the National Socialist Party, declared the country neutral. He died before his term could end, leading to ''massive'' mourning among Chileans. He kind of looked like Cantinflas, actually, with his notorious mustache. Quite popular compared to other presidents, his FanNickname is "Don Tinto" (Mr. Red Wine) due to owning wine plantations.



* '''Gabriel González Videla''' alias "Don Gabito" (1946-1952): Radical. He won the elections only thanks to the support of the Communist Party, but in an incredible example of a ChronicBackstabbingDisorder, he betrayed the communists and made them illegal (While it ''is'' true that the Communists were interfering with several government action, that ''still'' smacks of DisproportionateRetribution). The most important thing in his government was the advancement on women’s rights. Opinions of him were divided, his supporters saw his treason to the communists as a necessary maneuver in the complicated climate of the upcoming ColdWar, while others, including poet Creator/PabloNeruda, thought he just sold out to America. Usually caricaturized as a ManChild who did childish stuff on La Moneda (like sliding down the stairs' rail or hang from a lamp).

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* '''Gabriel González Videla''' alias "Don Gabito" (1946-1952): Radical. He won the elections only thanks to the support of the Communist Party, but in an incredible example of a ChronicBackstabbingDisorder, he betrayed the communists and made them illegal (While it ''is'' true that the Communists were interfering with several government action, that ''still'' smacks of DisproportionateRetribution). The most important thing in his government was the advancement on women’s rights. Opinions of him were divided, his supporters saw his treason to the communists as a necessary maneuver in the complicated climate of the upcoming ColdWar, UsefulNotes/ColdWar, while others, including poet Creator/PabloNeruda, thought he just sold out to America. Usually caricaturized as a ManChild who did childish stuff on La Moneda (like sliding down the stairs' rail or hang from a lamp).



* '''Salvador Allende''' (1970-1973): Socialist (Popular Unity), a physician and ImpoverishedPatrician from Valparaiso. After [[{{Determinator}} three failed attemps]], he finally won the race for presidency. Was thought of being a ManipulativeBastard and very much a reader into people's souls. Trying to bring socialism to the country (summarized in his motto “The Chilean path to socialism”), he started to nationalize big industries and made the government took full charge of the administration of education and health; he also finished Frei's plan of land seizure. However, his '''horrendous''' economical administration, along with the usual lack of products in the markets (which was NOT helped by the intervention of right-wing groups associated with bussinessmen) and friendship with FidelCastro made him extremely unpopular with the right-wing, the United States and eventually, even the more left-center ones. Fearing another UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}, US president RichardNixon and his associate Henry Kissinger [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_intervention_in_Chile made everything they could to make the country collapse]]. In 1973, Allende was deposed in a violent coup d'etat (it involved, between other things, bullet exchanges and fighters [[StuffBlowingUp bombing La Moneda]], the palace government) during [[DrivenToSuicide which he took his own life]], presumably as [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled as the last laugh to his enemies]]. The irony? He '''was''' toying with the idea of calling a plebiscite to decide if he would continue in the presidency. He was replaced by the infamous [[GeneralRipper General Augusto Pinochet]], who was reported to have been among the closest to him in the military fields. (And few months before the coup... had publically announced to the presses [[HarsherInHindsight that the military would not intervene to take Allende out of power.]]) In 2008, he was elected the Greatest Chilean in history.

A sad ending for a period plagued by economical turnarounds and the climate of the ColdWar during its second half. The next period would be even more depressing, however, and with only one head of government.

to:

* '''Salvador Allende''' (1970-1973): Socialist (Popular Unity), a physician and ImpoverishedPatrician from Valparaiso. After [[{{Determinator}} three failed attemps]], he finally won the race for presidency. Was thought of being a ManipulativeBastard and very much a reader into people's souls. Trying to bring socialism to the country (summarized in his motto “The Chilean path to socialism”), he started to nationalize big industries and made the government took full charge of the administration of education and health; he also finished Frei's plan of land seizure. However, his '''horrendous''' economical administration, along with the usual lack of products in the markets (which was NOT helped by the intervention of right-wing groups associated with bussinessmen) and friendship with FidelCastro UsefulNotes/FidelCastro made him extremely unpopular with the right-wing, the United States and eventually, even the more left-center ones. Fearing another UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}, US president RichardNixon and his associate Henry Kissinger [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_intervention_in_Chile made everything they could to make the country collapse]]. In 1973, Allende was deposed in a violent coup d'etat (it involved, between other things, bullet exchanges and fighters [[StuffBlowingUp bombing La Moneda]], the palace government) during [[DrivenToSuicide which he took his own life]], presumably as [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled as the last laugh to his enemies]]. The irony? He '''was''' toying with the idea of calling a plebiscite to decide if he would continue in the presidency. He was replaced by the infamous [[GeneralRipper General Augusto Pinochet]], who was reported to have been among the closest to him in the military fields. (And few months before the coup... had publically announced to the presses [[HarsherInHindsight that the military would not intervene to take Allende out of power.]]) In 2008, he was elected the Greatest Chilean in history.

A sad ending for a period plagued by economical turnarounds and the climate of the ColdWar UsefulNotes/ColdWar during its second half. The next period would be even more depressing, however, and with only one head of government.
23rd Oct '14 11:01:59 AM RainFairy
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* '''Eduardo Frei Montalva''' (1964-1970): Christian Democrat. A [[ButNotTooForeign Half-Chilean/half-Swiss]] middle-class lawyer who first was associated with conservatives, but then left and helped found the Christian Democratic Party when he and others thought they weren't doing enough for social justice. His period was characterized for a lot of reforms, especially agrarian and educational and started a program of land seizure and redistribution. Though he initially agreed with the 1973 coup, eventually he was its strongest opponent. He died while recovering on a surgery [[EpilepticTrees on very suspicious circumstances]]. In popular culture Frei is specially recalled due to his unusual physical features (''very'' tall, ''very'' lean and with a huge GagNose, [[StrongFamilyResemblance inherited by several of his children and grandchildren]]), and kind of TheComicallySerious for some.
* '''Salvador Allende''' (1970-1973): Socialist (Popular Unity), a physician and ImpoverishedPatrician from Valparaiso. After [[{{Determinator}} three failed attemps]], he finally won the race for presidency. Was thought of being a ManipulativeBastard and very much a reader into people's souls. Trying to bring socialism to the country (summarized in his motto “The Chilean path to socialism”), he started to nationalize big industries and made the government took full charge of the administration of education and health; he also finished Frei's plan of land seizure. However, his '''horrendous''' economical administration, along with the usual lack of products in the markets (which may or may not have been due to intervention of right-wing groups associated with bussinessmen) and friendship with FidelCastro made him extremely unpopular with the right-wing, the United States and eventually, even the more left-center ones. Fearing another UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}, US president RichardNixon and his associate Henry Kissinger made everything they could to make the country collapse. In 1973, Allende was deposed in a violent coup d'etat (it involved, between other things, bullet exchanges and fighters [[StuffBlowingUp bombing La Moneda]], the palace government) during [[DrivenToSuicide which he took his own life]], presumably as [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled as the last laugh to his enemies]]. The irony? He '''was''' toying with the idea of calling a plebiscite to decide if he would continue in the presidency. He was replaced by the infamous [[GeneralRipper General Augusto Pinochet]], who was reported to have been among the closest to him in the military fields. (And few months before the coup... had publically announced to the presses [[HarsherInHindsight that the military would not intervene to take Allende out of power.]]) In 2008, he was elected the Greatest Chilean in history.

to:

* '''Eduardo Frei Montalva''' (1964-1970): Christian Democrat. A [[ButNotTooForeign Half-Chilean/half-Swiss]] middle-class lawyer who first was associated with conservatives, but then left and helped found the Christian Democratic Party when he and others thought they weren't doing enough for social justice. His period was characterized for a lot of reforms, especially agrarian and educational and started a program of land seizure and redistribution. Though he initially agreed with the 1973 coup, eventually he was its strongest opponent. He In 1982 he died while recovering on a surgery [[EpilepticTrees on very VERY suspicious circumstances]]. circumstances]], [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Eduardo_Frei_Montalva and his possible murder is still being investigated]]. In popular culture Frei is specially recalled due to his extremely unusual physical features (''very'' tall, ''very'' lean and with a huge GagNose, [[StrongFamilyResemblance inherited by several of his children and grandchildren]]), and kind of TheComicallySerious for some.
TheComicallySerious.
* '''Salvador Allende''' (1970-1973): Socialist (Popular Unity), a physician and ImpoverishedPatrician from Valparaiso. After [[{{Determinator}} three failed attemps]], he finally won the race for presidency. Was thought of being a ManipulativeBastard and very much a reader into people's souls. Trying to bring socialism to the country (summarized in his motto “The Chilean path to socialism”), he started to nationalize big industries and made the government took full charge of the administration of education and health; he also finished Frei's plan of land seizure. However, his '''horrendous''' economical administration, along with the usual lack of products in the markets (which may or may not have been due to was NOT helped by the intervention of right-wing groups associated with bussinessmen) and friendship with FidelCastro made him extremely unpopular with the right-wing, the United States and eventually, even the more left-center ones. Fearing another UsefulNotes/{{Cuba}}, US president RichardNixon and his associate Henry Kissinger [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_intervention_in_Chile made everything they could to make the country collapse.collapse]]. In 1973, Allende was deposed in a violent coup d'etat (it involved, between other things, bullet exchanges and fighters [[StuffBlowingUp bombing La Moneda]], the palace government) during [[DrivenToSuicide which he took his own life]], presumably as [[BetterToDieThanBeKilled as the last laugh to his enemies]]. The irony? He '''was''' toying with the idea of calling a plebiscite to decide if he would continue in the presidency. He was replaced by the infamous [[GeneralRipper General Augusto Pinochet]], who was reported to have been among the closest to him in the military fields. (And few months before the coup... had publically announced to the presses [[HarsherInHindsight that the military would not intervene to take Allende out of power.]]) In 2008, he was elected the Greatest Chilean in history.



'''''Pinochet Dictatorship (1973-1990):''''' '''DINA, Desaparecidos, Repression, Chicago Boys… am I forgetting something? Oh yeah, [[RunningGag another earthquake]]''' - Until the end of the Cold War, Augusto Pinochet would keep control of the country through a [[BananaRepublic dictatorship]]. Opponents would be persecuted, imprisoned, tortured, forcefully disappeared or exiled and, thanks to the network known as Operación Cóndor (Operation Condor), they were not safe even in other countries (as people like ex-Commander-in-Chief Carlos Prats and ex-Minister Orlando Letelier sadly found out). His regime would be pretty infamous for its '''very''' poor human rights register, which would eventually alienate even the people that supported him at the beginning.

In better news, he gathered a group of Chilean economists to analyze and propose solutions to the highly impoverished state for the country, essentially asking them "how do we enable Chileans to put food on their tables again?". The result was a series of economical reforms that brought what is commonly called ''The Chilean Miracle'', a bounce back to a prosperous economical state. This group of economists are called the Chicago Boys because all of them studied economics at the Chicago University. Also, due to the strong repression on Pinochet's government, crime fell to an all-time low.

Some other stuff that happened during this period included a visit from the Pope (which is seen either as an attempt to congratulate the country with the rest of the world or ThePope's genuine attempt to help recover democracy -- and quite recalled by protests following John Paul II almost everywhere), the recovery of the economy, the '''horrifying''' repressions of the [[SecretPolice DINA]] headed by [[CoronelKillgore Manuel "Mamo" Contreras]], a new Constitution approved in a very disputed plebiscite (very similar to the Anschluss, actually), the death of former President Frei ''juuuuuuuust'' when he had publically announced that he would withdraw his former support to Pinochet, and yet ''ANOTHER'' earthquake, this time on the capital itself. Finally, after pressure both internal and external, elections were called (it's said he actually didn't want to aknowledge his loss), ending the dictatorship and starting the democracy again.

to:

'''''Pinochet Dictatorship (1973-1990):''''' '''DINA, Desaparecidos, Repression, Chicago Boys… am I forgetting something? Oh yeah, [[RunningGag another earthquake]]''' - Until the end of the Cold War, Augusto Pinochet would keep control of the country through a [[BananaRepublic dictatorship]]. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_dictatorship_of_Chile_(1973–90)#Suppression_of_political_activity Opponents would be persecuted, imprisoned, tortured, raped, forcefully disappeared disappeared, relegated to small villages or exiled exiled]] and, thanks to the network known as Operación Cóndor (Operation Condor), they were not safe even in other countries (as people like ex-Commander-in-Chief Carlos Prats and ex-Minister Orlando Letelier sadly found out). His regime would be pretty infamous for its '''very''' poor human rights register, which would eventually alienate even the people that supported him at the beginning.

beginning - whether outside or inside the country.

In better "better" news, he gathered a group of Chilean economists to analyze and propose solutions to the highly impoverished state for the country, essentially asking them "how do we enable Chileans to put food on their tables again?". The result was a series of economical reforms that brought what is commonly called ''The Chilean Miracle'', a bounce back to a prosperous economical state.state... [[MoodWhiplash Which came to an end]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crisis_of_1982 in 1982]], when the Chilean economy all but collapsed, and later SEVERELY increased the gap between the rich and the poor. This group of economists are called the Chicago Boys because all of them studied economics at the Chicago University. Also, due to the strong repression on Pinochet's government, crime fell to an all-time low.

low.

Some other stuff that happened during this period included a visit from the Pope (which is seen either as an attempt to congratulate the country with the rest of the world or ThePope's genuine attempt to help recover democracy -- and quite recalled by protests following John Paul II almost everywhere), the recovery and then collapse of the economy, the '''horrifying''' repressions of the [[SecretPolice DINA]] headed by [[CoronelKillgore Manuel "Mamo" Contreras]], a new Constitution approved in a very disputed plebiscite (very similar to the Anschluss, actually), the death of former President Frei ''juuuuuuuust'' when he had publically announced [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere that he would withdraw his former support to Pinochet, Pinochet]], and yet ''ANOTHER'' earthquake, this time on the capital itself. Finally, after pressure both internal and external, external pressure elections were called in 1988 (it's said he has a VillainousBreakdown and actually didn't want to aknowledge his loss), ending the dictatorship and starting the democracy again.



* '''Sebastián Piñera''' (2010-2014): National Renewal. After ten years of center-left governments, finally a candidate from the right came out winning; actually, he had been running for the presidency for a couple of elections before. 2010 has been a very crappy year for Chile, considering the earthquake and the mining accident [[CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming and subsequent rescue]]; on the other hand, his popularity has been plummeting systematically after that, due to many social conflicts that he and his ministers haven't been able to resolve (specially in regards to education and public safety) as well as broken electionary promises. A businessman and one of the richest men in Chile, he has been criticized for not selling his actions in diverse public enterprises, triggering conflicts of interests. The satiric media portrayal of him is represented by a midget trying to appeal the masses with populist promises, [[TheKlutz his frequent]] [[MalaProper malapropisms]], [[TheUnSmile his perpetually unnerving]] [[StepfordSmiler smile]], his [[TheJinx bad luck that spreads to others]], and his penchant for acting like Zelig. In his favor, economy improved at a constant, satisfying pace (though the economic inequality didnt really shrink) and a lot of money used in public infrastructure gave Chileans in various cities (specially those hit with the 2010 earthquake) a much-needed facelift and better quality of life.

to:

* '''Sebastián Piñera''' (2010-2014): National Renewal. After ten years of center-left governments, finally a candidate from the right came out winning; actually, he had been running for the presidency for a couple of elections before. 2010 has been a very crappy year for Chile, considering the earthquake and the mining accident [[CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming and subsequent rescue]]; on the other hand, his popularity has been plummeting plummeted systematically after that, due to many social conflicts that he and his ministers haven't been were NOT able to resolve (specially in regards to education and public safety) as well as broken electionary promises. A businessman and one of the richest men in Chile, he has been criticized for not selling his actions in diverse public enterprises, triggering conflicts of interests. The satiric media portrayal of him is represented by [[TheNapoleon a midget midget]] trying to appeal the masses with populist promises, [[TheKlutz his frequent]] [[MalaProper malapropisms]], malapropisms]] (known as the "Piñericosas aka "Piñera Stuff"), [[TheUnSmile his perpetually unnerving]] [[StepfordSmiler smile]], his [[TheJinx bad luck that spreads to others]], and his penchant for acting like Zelig. In his favor, economy improved at a constant, satisfying pace (though the economic inequality didnt really shrink) and a lot of money used in public infrastructure gave Chileans in various cities (specially those hit with the 2010 earthquake) a much-needed facelift and better quality of life. Also you gotta recgonize that he a damn hilarious FountainOfMemes ''and'' he had enough sense of humor [[AscendedMeme to aknowledge them]].
13th Mar '14 8:16:41 AM shermanramni
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* '''Sebastián Piñera''' (2010-2014): National Renewal. After ten years of center-left governments, finally a candidate from the right came out winning; actually, he had been running for the presidency for a couple of elections before. 2010 has been a very crappy year for Chile, considering the earthquake and the mining accident [[CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming and subsequent rescue]]; on the other hand, his popularity has been plummeting systematically after that, due to many social conflicts that he and his ministers haven't been able to resolve (specially in regards to education and delinquency) as well as broken electionary promises. A businessman and one of the richest men in Chile, he has been criticized for not selling his actions in diverse public enterprises, triggering conflicts of interests. The satiric media portrayal of him is represented by a midget trying to appeal the masses with populist promises, [[TheKlutz his frequent]] [[MalaProper malapropisms]], [[TheUnSmile his perpetually unnerving]] [[StepfordSmiler smile]], his [[TheJinx bad luck that spreads to others]], and his penchant for acting like Zelig.
* '''Michelle Bachelet''' (2014--): Socialist. The first female president of Chile, re-elected for a second term over her fellow female politician Evelyn Matthei. We'll see how she does in her second time as the Chilean TeamMom.

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* '''Sebastián Piñera''' (2010-2014): National Renewal. After ten years of center-left governments, finally a candidate from the right came out winning; actually, he had been running for the presidency for a couple of elections before. 2010 has been a very crappy year for Chile, considering the earthquake and the mining accident [[CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming and subsequent rescue]]; on the other hand, his popularity has been plummeting systematically after that, due to many social conflicts that he and his ministers haven't been able to resolve (specially in regards to education and delinquency) public safety) as well as broken electionary promises. A businessman and one of the richest men in Chile, he has been criticized for not selling his actions in diverse public enterprises, triggering conflicts of interests. The satiric media portrayal of him is represented by a midget trying to appeal the masses with populist promises, [[TheKlutz his frequent]] [[MalaProper malapropisms]], [[TheUnSmile his perpetually unnerving]] [[StepfordSmiler smile]], his [[TheJinx bad luck that spreads to others]], and his penchant for acting like Zelig. \n In his favor, economy improved at a constant, satisfying pace (though the economic inequality didnt really shrink) and a lot of money used in public infrastructure gave Chileans in various cities (specially those hit with the 2010 earthquake) a much-needed facelift and better quality of life.
* '''Michelle Bachelet''' (2014--): Socialist. The first female president of Chile, re-elected for a second term over her fellow female politician Evelyn Matthei. We'll see how she does in her second time as the self-proclaimed Chilean TeamMom.
19th Feb '14 11:49:33 PM m8e
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* '''Juan Antonio Ríos''' (1942-1946): Radical, lawyer. He finally broke relations with the Axis Powers because of American pressure, but his attitude to not let anyone give him orders left him gradually without a party (and gave him the FanNickname "Don Mandantonio"). Already ill when elected, he died before he could end his term. He looked slightly similar (very slightly) to MartinScorsese, especially the glasses and eyebrows.

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* '''Juan Antonio Ríos''' (1942-1946): Radical, lawyer. He finally broke relations with the Axis Powers because of American pressure, but his attitude to not let anyone give him orders left him gradually without a party (and gave him the FanNickname "Don Mandantonio"). Already ill when elected, he died before he could end his term. He looked slightly similar (very slightly) to MartinScorsese, Creator/MartinScorsese, especially the glasses and eyebrows.
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