History UsefulNotes / Portugal

11th Oct '17 12:49:11 AM FireCrawler2002
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Portugal ('''Portuguese:''' ''Portugal''), officially known as the Portuguese Republic ('''Portuguese:''' ''República Portuguesa'') is a small country located at the western edge of Europe, specifically, the Iberian Peninsula. It is home to 10 million people that, like its neighbor, UsefulNotes/{{Spain}}, are descended from mixtures of Celtic, Roman, Visigothic, and Arab peoples. The people speak [[UsefulNotes/PortugueseLanguage Portuguese]], which is related to but distinct from Spanish. The language has a total of 215 million native speakers, mostly thanks to UsefulNotes/{{Brazil}}.

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Portugal ('''Portuguese:''' ''Portugal''), officially known as the Portuguese Republic ('''Portuguese:''' ''República Portuguesa'') is a small Southern European country located at the western edge of Europe, specifically, the Iberian Peninsula. It is home to 10 million people that, like its neighbor, UsefulNotes/{{Spain}}, are descended from mixtures of Celtic, Roman, Visigothic, and Arab peoples. The people speak [[UsefulNotes/PortugueseLanguage Portuguese]], which is related to but distinct from Spanish. The language has a total of 215 million native speakers, mostly thanks to UsefulNotes/{{Brazil}}.
15th Jul '17 9:54:03 AM nombretomado
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Portugal was the pioneer of the Age of Exploration and had once colonized areas as far as UsefulNotes/TimorLeste, but no doubt its greatest achievement was Brazil, its largest and most treasured former colony. In fact, Brazil was so important that the Portuguese monarchy actually once ''moved'' to Brazil when it became clear that the situation in the mainland wasn't going well, and when Brazil got its independence, Portugal's light in the international world kind of...dimmed. Still, other colonies are vigorously maintained to the modern period as such that Portugal is the last of the Great Powers to cede most of its colonies in spite of the mass decolonization wrought upon by others shortly after WorldWarII, mostly because of Salazar's conservative regime; its last overseas colony, UsefulNotes/{{Macau}}, was ceded to China in the late 1999, near the turn of the millenium.

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Portugal was the pioneer of the Age of Exploration and had once colonized areas as far as UsefulNotes/TimorLeste, but no doubt its greatest achievement was Brazil, its largest and most treasured former colony. In fact, Brazil was so important that the Portuguese monarchy actually once ''moved'' to Brazil when it became clear that the situation in the mainland wasn't going well, and when Brazil got its independence, Portugal's light in the international world kind of...dimmed. Still, other colonies are vigorously maintained to the modern period as such that Portugal is the last of the Great Powers to cede most of its colonies in spite of the mass decolonization wrought upon by others shortly after WorldWarII, UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, mostly because of Salazar's conservative regime; its last overseas colony, UsefulNotes/{{Macau}}, was ceded to China in the late 1999, near the turn of the millenium.
7th Jun '17 6:20:39 AM Albert3105
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By European standards, Portugal might be lacking in certain aspects; indeed, modernization didn't really take off until later thanks to the conservative Estado Novo regime, most notably in the educational department which saw most of its prospective students choosing to work rather than study further, plus the drafting of young men to repel rebellions in the colonies, causing many to emigrate from the country and initiating a massive brain drain. Education and general modernization were finally initiated in the 1960s, especially since the Carnation Revolution. Still, Portugal has one of the lowest literacy rate of all European countries, at 95.7%.

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By European standards, Portugal might be lacking in certain aspects; indeed, modernization didn't really take off until later thanks to the conservative Estado Novo regime, most notably in the educational department which saw most of its prospective students choosing to work rather than study further, plus the drafting of young men to repel rebellions in the colonies, causing many to emigrate from the country and initiating a massive brain drain. Education and general modernization were finally initiated in the 1960s, especially since the Carnation Revolution. Still, Portugal has [[OverlyNarrowSuperlative one of the lowest literacy rate rates of all European countries, at 95.7%.
7%]].
15th May '17 1:16:36 AM zero5889
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* Music/SalvadorSobral, singer and Portugal's very first Series/EurovisionSongContest winner in 2017.
19th Mar '17 2:45:57 PM nombretomado
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* Dead Combo, a music duo who appeared on ''NoReservations''. Other famous alternative groups include Mão Morta, Blasted Mechanism and Buraka Som Sistema (the latter were pioneers in bringing ''kuduro'' music to an international audience).

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* Dead Combo, a music duo who appeared on ''NoReservations''.''Series/NoReservations''. Other famous alternative groups include Mão Morta, Blasted Mechanism and Buraka Som Sistema (the latter were pioneers in bringing ''kuduro'' music to an international audience).
22nd Oct '16 5:54:11 AM Morgenthaler
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* A good chunk of ''{{Sharpe}}'' takes place in Portugal.

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* A good chunk of ''{{Sharpe}}'' ''Literature/{{Sharpe}}'' takes place in Portugal.



* ''DepoisDoAdeus'' is a PeriodPiece about the period after the CarnationRevolution.

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* ''DepoisDoAdeus'' ''Series/DepoisDoAdeus'' is a PeriodPiece about the period after the CarnationRevolution.
14th Sep '16 7:22:19 PM PaulA
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* In the second book in the science fiction novels comprising the ''Literature/EndersGame Series'', titled ''Literature/SpeakerForTheDead'', the inhabitants of the colony have named their new planet Lusitania. It is explained in the book that it was named for the historical people and territory in Portugal, which the inhabitants are descended from.

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* In the second book in the science fiction novels comprising the ''Literature/EndersGame Series'', titled ''Literature/SpeakerForTheDead'', the inhabitants of the colony have named their new planet Lusitania. It is explained in the book that it was named for the historical people and territory in Portugal, which the inhabitants are descended from.



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29th Feb '16 12:05:00 PM Quag15
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It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, while Spain borders it to its north and east. Being much larger, Spain historically had been the dominant player in Iberia (indeed, Portugal's identity as an independent country only started on 1128, when the kingdom was split from the Kingdom of León, which would become one of Spain's predecessor kingdoms) and had threatened Portugal with annexations or forced it into uneven unions for centuries, the most recent one being in the 1970s when Spain's dictator Francisco Franco was in his final years of rule, though relations between the countries are nowadays cordial, barring the minor spat of the territory of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivenza Olivenza]], ''de jure'' owned by Portugal but administered by Spain yet has its sovereignty dispute being unresolved since ''1801'' anyway, so it doesn't really matter much. Portugal and Spain also hold the distinction of having one of the oldest borders it the world; theirs have not changed at all since the 1297 Treaty of Alcañices.

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It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, while Spain borders it to its north and east. Being much larger, Spain historically had been the dominant player in Iberia (indeed, Portugal's identity as an independent country only started on 1128, when the kingdom was split from the Kingdom of León, which would become one of Spain's predecessor kingdoms) and had threatened Portugal with annexations or forced it into uneven unions for centuries, the annexations[[note]]the most recent one being in the 1970s when Spain's dictator Francisco Franco was in his final years of rule, rule[[/note]] or forced it into uneven unions for centuries, though relations between the countries are nowadays cordial, barring the minor spat of the territory of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivenza Olivenza]], ''de jure'' owned by Portugal but administered by Spain yet has its sovereignty dispute being unresolved since ''1801'' anyway, so it doesn't really matter much. Portugal and Spain also hold the distinction of having one of the oldest borders it the world; theirs have not changed at all since the 1297 Treaty of Alcañices.
29th Feb '16 12:01:59 PM Quag15
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It was generally peaceful for a few years (apart from the occasional intrigue regarding political issues in the Peninsula), until 1383, when, after [[JerkassWoobie D. Ferdinand I]] died, it originated a succession crisis in which his wife, Leonor Teles, the king of Spain and D. John Master of Avis took part, and which concluded with D. John winning the rights to become a king, after organizing the defense of Lisbon against the Castillian king and receiving the help of a jurist, João das Regras, and the [[RedBaron "Holy Constable"]], [[CelibateHero Nuno Álvares Pereira]]. The latter had won two battles against the Castillians during this Interregnum. Such "new" independence was secured by the army of said Nuno Álvares and D. John I, along with some help from English bowmen, in the Battle of Aljubarrota (think a mixture of too much young blood on the Castillian side, a bunch of traps carefully deployed and a great defense and you have an amazing CurbStompBattle).

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It was generally peaceful for a few years (apart from the occasional intrigue regarding political issues in the Peninsula), until 1383, when, after [[JerkassWoobie D. Ferdinand I]] died, it originated a succession crisis in which his wife, Leonor Teles, the king of Spain and D. John Master of Avis took part, and which concluded with D. John winning the rights to become a king, after organizing the defense of Lisbon against the Castillian king and receiving the help of a jurist, João das Regras, and the [[RedBaron "Holy "Saint Constable"]], [[CelibateHero Nuno Álvares Pereira]]. The latter had won two battles against the Castillians during this Interregnum. Such "new" independence was secured by the army of said Nuno Álvares and D. John I, along with some help from English bowmen, in the Battle of Aljubarrota (think a mixture of too much young blood on the Castillian side, a bunch of traps carefully deployed and a great defense and you have an amazing CurbStompBattle).
29th Jan '16 7:40:09 PM Quag15
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Added DiffLines:

* Actor Creator/JoaquimDeAlmeida.
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