History UsefulNotes / Portugal

29th Feb '16 12:05:00 PM Quag15
Is there an issue? Send a Message


It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, while Spain borders it to its north and east. Being much larger, Spain historically had been the dominant player in Iberia (indeed, Portugal's identity as an independent country only started on 1128, when the kingdom was split from the Kingdom of León, which would become one of Spain's predecessor kingdoms) and had threatened Portugal with annexations or forced it into uneven unions for centuries, the most recent one being in the 1970s when Spain's dictator Francisco Franco was in his final years of rule, though relations between the countries are nowadays cordial, barring the minor spat of the territory of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivenza Olivenza]], ''de jure'' owned by Portugal but administered by Spain yet has its sovereignty dispute being unresolved since ''1801'' anyway, so it doesn't really matter much. Portugal and Spain also hold the distinction of having one of the oldest borders it the world; theirs have not changed at all since the 1297 Treaty of Alcañices.

to:

It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, while Spain borders it to its north and east. Being much larger, Spain historically had been the dominant player in Iberia (indeed, Portugal's identity as an independent country only started on 1128, when the kingdom was split from the Kingdom of León, which would become one of Spain's predecessor kingdoms) and had threatened Portugal with annexations or forced it into uneven unions for centuries, the annexations[[note]]the most recent one being in the 1970s when Spain's dictator Francisco Franco was in his final years of rule, rule[[/note]] or forced it into uneven unions for centuries, though relations between the countries are nowadays cordial, barring the minor spat of the territory of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivenza Olivenza]], ''de jure'' owned by Portugal but administered by Spain yet has its sovereignty dispute being unresolved since ''1801'' anyway, so it doesn't really matter much. Portugal and Spain also hold the distinction of having one of the oldest borders it the world; theirs have not changed at all since the 1297 Treaty of Alcañices.
29th Feb '16 12:01:59 PM Quag15
Is there an issue? Send a Message


It was generally peaceful for a few years (apart from the occasional intrigue regarding political issues in the Peninsula), until 1383, when, after [[JerkassWoobie D. Ferdinand I]] died, it originated a succession crisis in which his wife, Leonor Teles, the king of Spain and D. John Master of Avis took part, and which concluded with D. John winning the rights to become a king, after organizing the defense of Lisbon against the Castillian king and receiving the help of a jurist, João das Regras, and the [[RedBaron "Holy Constable"]], [[CelibateHero Nuno Álvares Pereira]]. The latter had won two battles against the Castillians during this Interregnum. Such "new" independence was secured by the army of said Nuno Álvares and D. John I, along with some help from English bowmen, in the Battle of Aljubarrota (think a mixture of too much young blood on the Castillian side, a bunch of traps carefully deployed and a great defense and you have an amazing CurbStompBattle).

to:

It was generally peaceful for a few years (apart from the occasional intrigue regarding political issues in the Peninsula), until 1383, when, after [[JerkassWoobie D. Ferdinand I]] died, it originated a succession crisis in which his wife, Leonor Teles, the king of Spain and D. John Master of Avis took part, and which concluded with D. John winning the rights to become a king, after organizing the defense of Lisbon against the Castillian king and receiving the help of a jurist, João das Regras, and the [[RedBaron "Holy "Saint Constable"]], [[CelibateHero Nuno Álvares Pereira]]. The latter had won two battles against the Castillians during this Interregnum. Such "new" independence was secured by the army of said Nuno Álvares and D. John I, along with some help from English bowmen, in the Battle of Aljubarrota (think a mixture of too much young blood on the Castillian side, a bunch of traps carefully deployed and a great defense and you have an amazing CurbStompBattle).
29th Jan '16 7:40:09 PM Quag15
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

* Actor Creator/JoaquimDeAlmeida.
29th Jan '16 7:48:26 AM Dimas28
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Portugal ('''Portuguese:''' ''Portugal''), officially known as the Portuguese Republic ('''Portuguese:''' ''República Portuguesa''). They do not speak Spanish, but can understand each other to a degree, even though Spain surrounds them on two sides.

to:

Portugal ('''Portuguese:''' ''Portugal''), officially known as the Portuguese Republic ('''Portuguese:''' ''República Portuguesa''). They do not Portuguesa'') is a small country located at the western edge of Europe, specifically, the Iberian Peninsula. It is home to 10 million people that, like its neighbor, UsefulNotes/{{Spain}}, are descended from mixtures of Celtic, Roman, Visigothic, and Arab peoples. The people speak Spanish, [[UsefulNotes/PortugueseLanguage Portuguese]], which is related to but can understand each other distinct from Spanish. The language has a total of 215 million native speakers, mostly thanks to a degree, even UsefulNotes/{{Brazil}}.

It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, while Spain borders it to its north and east. Being much larger, Spain historically had been the dominant player in Iberia (indeed, Portugal's identity as an independent country only started on 1128, when the kingdom was split from the Kingdom of León, which would become one of Spain's predecessor kingdoms) and had threatened Portugal with annexations or forced it into uneven unions for centuries, the most recent one being in the 1970s when Spain's dictator Francisco Franco was in his final years of rule,
though relations between the countries are nowadays cordial, barring the minor spat of the territory of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivenza Olivenza]], ''de jure'' owned by Portugal but administered by Spain surrounds them on two sides.
yet has its sovereignty dispute being unresolved since ''1801'' anyway, so it doesn't really matter much. Portugal and Spain also hold the distinction of having one of the oldest borders it the world; theirs have not changed at all since the 1297 Treaty of Alcañices.

Portugal was the pioneer of the Age of Exploration and had once colonized areas as far as UsefulNotes/TimorLeste, but no doubt its greatest achievement was Brazil, its largest and most treasured former colony. In fact, Brazil was so important that the Portuguese monarchy actually once ''moved'' to Brazil when it became clear that the situation in the mainland wasn't going well, and when Brazil got its independence, Portugal's light in the international world kind of...dimmed. Still, other colonies are vigorously maintained to the modern period as such that Portugal is the last of the Great Powers to cede most of its colonies in spite of the mass decolonization wrought upon by others shortly after WorldWarII, mostly because of Salazar's conservative regime; its last overseas colony, UsefulNotes/{{Macau}}, was ceded to China in the late 1999, near the turn of the millenium.

By European standards, Portugal might be lacking in certain aspects; indeed, modernization didn't really take off until later thanks to the conservative Estado Novo regime, most notably in the educational department which saw most of its prospective students choosing to work rather than study further, plus the drafting of young men to repel rebellions in the colonies, causing many to emigrate from the country and initiating a massive brain drain. Education and general modernization were finally initiated in the 1960s, especially since the Carnation Revolution. Still, Portugal has one of the lowest literacy rate of all European countries, at 95.7%.

[[folder: History]]




to:

[[/folder]]
3rd Dec '15 7:56:02 AM eroock
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* Actress Rita Blanco has a small role in Michael Haneke's ''Amour''.

to:

* Actress Rita Blanco has a small role in Michael Haneke's Creator/MichaelHaneke's ''Amour''.
10th Sep '15 5:07:28 PM MarkLungo
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Portugal was employed as an extension of the Habsburg Empires, but the Habsburgs already had two empires and they couldn't really handle the addition of a third. The result was that they alternated between neglecting Portugal and using it as CannonFodder and its' empire as bargaining chips in perpetual wars against the House of Habsburg's enemies. Unfortunately, the Habsburg's main enemies at the time were Portugal's traditional allies, which meant [[DutchPortugueseWar war with the Dutch]], the English, and the French. This weakness and the resulting conflicts regarding many colonies led to a loss of plenty of territories and/or regions, as well as economic and trading ground.

to:

Portugal was employed as an extension of the Habsburg Empires, but the Habsburgs already had two empires and they couldn't really handle the addition of a third. The result was that they alternated between neglecting Portugal and using it as CannonFodder and its' empire as bargaining chips in perpetual wars against the House of Habsburg's enemies. Unfortunately, the Habsburg's main enemies at the time were Portugal's traditional allies, which meant [[DutchPortugueseWar [[UsefulNotes/TheDutchPortugueseWar war with the Dutch]], the English, and the French. This weakness and the resulting conflicts regarding many colonies led to a loss of plenty of territories and/or regions, as well as economic and trading ground.
5th Sep '15 8:13:15 PM nombretomado
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Since then the Portuguese Republic (''República Portuguesa'') is a democratic state, a member of UsefulNotes/TheEuropeanUnion since 1986 and has been a founding member of {{NATO}} since 1949.

to:

Since then the Portuguese Republic (''República Portuguesa'') is a democratic state, a member of UsefulNotes/TheEuropeanUnion since 1986 and has been a founding member of {{NATO}} UsefulNotes/{{NATO}} since 1949.
4th Sep '15 8:39:52 PM nombretomado
Is there an issue? Send a Message


After NapoleonBonaparte's troops (led in three invasions by Junot, Soult and Massena, respectively) invaded in 1808, D. João VI and the Royal Family fled to Brazil, which then became headquarters of the Empire. They only returned after a revolt in the mainland in 1820, and two years later the prince-regent left behind his son, Pedro, who declared the Brazilian independence.[[note]]Though after D. João died he returned to his birthplace, leading Pedro I of Brazil to become Pedro IV of Portugal.[[/note]] This marked the first step for Portugal's decline into a VestigialEmpire, even if the other main colonies remained under their reign until the late 20th century.

to:

After NapoleonBonaparte's UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte's troops (led in three invasions by Junot, Soult and Massena, respectively) invaded in 1808, D. João VI and the Royal Family fled to Brazil, which then became headquarters of the Empire. They only returned after a revolt in the mainland in 1820, and two years later the prince-regent left behind his son, Pedro, who declared the Brazilian independence.[[note]]Though after D. João died he returned to his birthplace, leading Pedro I of Brazil to become Pedro IV of Portugal.[[/note]] This marked the first step for Portugal's decline into a VestigialEmpire, even if the other main colonies remained under their reign until the late 20th century.
27th Jun '15 2:40:10 PM Quag15
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* Actress Daniela Ruah, known as Kensi Blye in ''Series/NCISLosAngeles''.

to:

* Actress Daniela Ruah, known in the US for her role as Kensi Blye in ''Series/NCISLosAngeles''.
27th Jun '15 2:25:35 PM Quag15
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* Film director Creator/ManoelDeOliveira, the oldest active film director in the world (born in December 1908).

to:

* Film director Creator/ManoelDeOliveira, who was, during a certain period of time, the oldest active film director in the world (born in December 1908).
This list shows the last 10 events of 163. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.Portugal