History UsefulNotes / Mongolia

8th Apr '17 6:19:34 PM Fireblood
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They regained their independence in 1921 as China was in the throes of the [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Warlord Era]], but in short order they fell under the suzerainty of the Soviet Union. For better or worse, the move was a total necessity: even as late as the 1950s, after the Chinese Civil War, maps belonging to the [[UsefulNotes/TheOtherChineseArmy Nationalist Chinese Government]] identified Mongolia as part of the Republic of China on the basis of being the successor to the Chinese Empire (in fact, the [=RoC=] government, even when confined to the island of Taiwan, has continued to recognize Mongolia as part of China well into 20th century. While some laws were changed between 2002 and 2006 to permit Mongolia to be treated as a de facto foreign country, The [=RoC=] Constitution has not been amended to make the recognition formal as of 2015). Between Chinese anxiousness to reincorporate Mongolia and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Japanese invasion of Manchuria]], the geographically huge but demographically small Mongolian People's Republic owed its continued independence to its role as a Soviet-endorsed buffer between the USSR and China. Mongolian politics and national defense was largely shaped on the basis of counting on this role while stuck between two of the largest countries in the world. During this period, the Mongols were led first by Damdin Sukhbaatar, for whom the capital (Ulanbaatar - "Red Hero") is named. Sukbaatar is generally considered to be the Father of modern Mongolia. Unfortunately, he died of overwork in 1923 (though popular narratives suggest he was poisoned). The other important leader of Mongolia during this period was Khorloogiin Choibalsan, whose nickname "the Stalin of the Mongolia" should tell you everything you need to know about him.

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They regained their independence in 1921 as China was in the throes of the [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Warlord Era]], but in short order they fell under the suzerainty of the Soviet Union. For better or worse, the move was a total necessity: even as late as the 1950s, after the Chinese Civil War, maps belonging to the [[UsefulNotes/TheOtherChineseArmy Nationalist Chinese Government]] identified Mongolia as part of the Republic of China on the basis of being the successor to the Chinese Empire (in fact, the [=RoC=] government, even when confined to the island of Taiwan, has continued to recognize Mongolia as part of China well into 20th century. While some laws were changed between 2002 and 2006 to permit Mongolia to be treated as a de facto foreign country, The the [=RoC=] Constitution has not been amended to make the recognition formal as of 2015). Between Chinese anxiousness to reincorporate Mongolia and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Japanese invasion of Manchuria]], the geographically huge but demographically small Mongolian People's Republic owed its continued independence to its role as a Soviet-endorsed buffer between the USSR and China. Mongolian politics and national defense was largely shaped on the basis of counting on this role while stuck between two of the largest countries in the world. During this period, the Mongols were led first by Damdin Sukhbaatar, for whom the capital (Ulanbaatar - "Red Hero") is named. Sukbaatar is generally considered to be the Father of modern Mongolia. Unfortunately, he died of overwork in 1923 (though popular narratives suggest he was poisoned). The other important leader of Mongolia during this period was Khorloogiin Choibalsan, whose nickname "the Stalin of the Mongolia" should tell you everything you need to know about him.



** ''Film/TheConqueror'' is a 1956 film most famous as a member of the WTHCastingAgency Hall of Fame. Creator/JohnWayne played the lead role of Genghis Khan. Yes. John Wayne. Some of suggested that this film killed him, due to filming having taken place downwind of former nuclear testing areas. Of course, the fact that he was a chain smoker for decades might have played a role as well.

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** ''Film/TheConqueror'' is a 1956 film most famous as a member of the WTHCastingAgency Hall of Fame. Creator/JohnWayne played the lead role of Genghis Khan. Yes. John Wayne. Some of have suggested that this film killed him, due to filming having taken place downwind of former nuclear testing areas. Of course, the fact that he was a chain smoker for decades might have played a role as well.



* ''Film/TheEagleHuntress'', a 2016 documentary about a young girl training to be an eagle hunter, amongst the Kazakh people of western Mongolia.

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* ''Film/TheEagleHuntress'', a 2016 documentary about a young girl training to be an eagle hunter, amongst among the Kazakh people of western Mongolia.
11th Jan '17 7:52:49 AM jamespolk
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* ''The Cave of the Yellow Dog'' is about a young girl who adopts a stray dog against her father's wishes.

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* ''The Cave of the Yellow Dog'' ''Film/TheCaveOfTheYellowDog'' is about a young girl who adopts a stray dog against her father's wishes.
24th Dec '16 8:52:05 PM jamespolk
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Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[UsefulNotes/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally). [[note]]The other difference is that 80% of Inner Mongolia is ethnically Han Chinese, not Mongolian, although the 1/5 of Inner Mongolia that is ethnically Mongol still makes up twice as many Mongols as live in independent Mongolia.[[/note]]

to:

Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two One difference is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[UsefulNotes/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally). [[note]]The other Another difference is that 80% of Inner Mongolia is ethnically Han Chinese, not Mongolian, although the 1/5 of Inner Mongolia that is ethnically Mongol still makes up twice as many Mongols as live in independent Mongolia.[[/note]]
Mongolia.
24th Dec '16 7:56:41 PM jamespolk
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to:

* ''Film/TheEagleHuntress'', a 2016 documentary about a young girl training to be an eagle hunter, amongst the Kazakh people of western Mongolia.
23rd Dec '16 3:31:19 PM Chytus
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They regained their independence in 1921 as China was in the throes of the [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Warlord Era]], but in short order they fell under the suzerainty of the Soviet Union. For better or worse, the move was a total necessity: even as late as the 1950s, after the Chinese Civil War, maps belonging to the [[UsefulNotes/TheOtherChineseArmy Nationalist Chinese Government]] identified Mongolia as part of the Republic of China on the basis of being the successor to the Chinese Empire (in fact, the RoC government, even when confined to the island of Taiwan, has continued to recognize Mongolia as part of China well into 20th century. While some laws were changed between 2002 and 2006 to permit Mongolia to be treated as a de facto foreign country, The RoC Constitution has not been amended to make the recognition formal as of 2015). Between Chinese anxiousness to reincorporate Mongolia and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Japanese invasion of Manchuria]], the geographically huge but demographically small Mongolian People's Republic owed its continued independence to its role as a Soviet-endorsed buffer between the USSR and China. Mongolian politics and national defense was largely shaped on the basis of counting on this role while stuck between two of the largest countries in the world. During this period, the Mongols were led first by Damdin Sukhbaatar, for whom the capital (Ulanbaatar - "Red Hero") is named. Sukbaatar is generally considered to be the Father of modern Mongolia. Unfortunately, he died of overwork in 1923 (though popular narratives suggest he was poisoned). The other important leader of Mongolia during this period was Khorloogiin Choibalsan, whose nickname "the Stalin of the Mongolia" should tell you everything you need to know about him.

In the 1950s, a small minority of Mongolian leaders, including the leader of the time, Yumzhagin Tsebenbal, pursued the [[SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn incorporation]] of Mongolia into the Soviet Union, but this was shot down by the rest of the ruling party and the USSR itself. The arrangement did ensure no further military action taken against Mongolia, even during the Sino-Soviet split.

to:

They regained their independence in 1921 as China was in the throes of the [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Warlord Era]], but in short order they fell under the suzerainty of the Soviet Union. For better or worse, the move was a total necessity: even as late as the 1950s, after the Chinese Civil War, maps belonging to the [[UsefulNotes/TheOtherChineseArmy Nationalist Chinese Government]] identified Mongolia as part of the Republic of China on the basis of being the successor to the Chinese Empire (in fact, the RoC [=RoC=] government, even when confined to the island of Taiwan, has continued to recognize Mongolia as part of China well into 20th century. While some laws were changed between 2002 and 2006 to permit Mongolia to be treated as a de facto foreign country, The RoC [=RoC=] Constitution has not been amended to make the recognition formal as of 2015). Between Chinese anxiousness to reincorporate Mongolia and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Japanese invasion of Manchuria]], the geographically huge but demographically small Mongolian People's Republic owed its continued independence to its role as a Soviet-endorsed buffer between the USSR and China. Mongolian politics and national defense was largely shaped on the basis of counting on this role while stuck between two of the largest countries in the world. During this period, the Mongols were led first by Damdin Sukhbaatar, for whom the capital (Ulanbaatar - "Red Hero") is named. Sukbaatar is generally considered to be the Father of modern Mongolia. Unfortunately, he died of overwork in 1923 (though popular narratives suggest he was poisoned). The other important leader of Mongolia during this period was Khorloogiin Choibalsan, whose nickname "the Stalin of the Mongolia" should tell you everything you need to know about him.

In the 1950s, a small minority of Mongolian leaders, including the leader of the time, Yumzhagin Tsebenbal, pursued the [[SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn incorporation]] of Mongolia into the Soviet Union, but this was shot down by the rest of the ruling party and the USSR itself. The arrangement did ensure no further military action taken against Mongolia, even during the Sino-Soviet split.
8th Aug '16 2:21:41 AM Morgenthaler
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They regained their independence in 1921 as China was in the throes of the [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Warlord Era]], but in short order they fell under the suzerainty of the Soviet Union. For better or worse, the move was a total necessity: even as late as the 1950s, after the Chinese Civil War, maps belonging to the [[TheOtherChineseArmy Nationalist Chinese Government]] identified Mongolia as part of the Republic of China on the basis of being the successor to the Chinese Empire (in fact, the RoC government, even when confined to the island of Taiwan, has continued to recognize Mongolia as part of China well into 20th century. While some laws were changed between 2002 and 2006 to permit Mongolia to be treated as a de facto foreign country, The RoC Constitution has not been amended to make the recognition formal as of 2015). Between Chinese anxiousness to reincorporate Mongolia and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Japanese invasion of Manchuria]], the geographically huge but demographically small Mongolian People's Republic owed its continued independence to its role as a Soviet-endorsed buffer between the USSR and China. Mongolian politics and national defense was largely shaped on the basis of counting on this role while stuck between two of the largest countries in the world. During this period, the Mongols were led first by Damdin Sukhbaatar, for whom the capital (Ulanbaatar - "Red Hero") is named. Sukbaatar is generally considered to be the Father of modern Mongolia. Unfortunately, he died of overwork in 1923 (though popular narratives suggest he was poisoned). The other important leader of Mongolia during this period was Khorloogiin Choibalsan, whose nickname "the Stalin of the Mongolia" should tell you everything you need to know about him.

to:

They regained their independence in 1921 as China was in the throes of the [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Warlord Era]], but in short order they fell under the suzerainty of the Soviet Union. For better or worse, the move was a total necessity: even as late as the 1950s, after the Chinese Civil War, maps belonging to the [[TheOtherChineseArmy [[UsefulNotes/TheOtherChineseArmy Nationalist Chinese Government]] identified Mongolia as part of the Republic of China on the basis of being the successor to the Chinese Empire (in fact, the RoC government, even when confined to the island of Taiwan, has continued to recognize Mongolia as part of China well into 20th century. While some laws were changed between 2002 and 2006 to permit Mongolia to be treated as a de facto foreign country, The RoC Constitution has not been amended to make the recognition formal as of 2015). Between Chinese anxiousness to reincorporate Mongolia and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Japanese invasion of Manchuria]], the geographically huge but demographically small Mongolian People's Republic owed its continued independence to its role as a Soviet-endorsed buffer between the USSR and China. Mongolian politics and national defense was largely shaped on the basis of counting on this role while stuck between two of the largest countries in the world. During this period, the Mongols were led first by Damdin Sukhbaatar, for whom the capital (Ulanbaatar - "Red Hero") is named. Sukbaatar is generally considered to be the Father of modern Mongolia. Unfortunately, he died of overwork in 1923 (though popular narratives suggest he was poisoned). The other important leader of Mongolia during this period was Khorloogiin Choibalsan, whose nickname "the Stalin of the Mongolia" should tell you everything you need to know about him.
3rd Mar '16 3:50:40 PM hamza678
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Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[Main/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally). [[note]]The other difference is that 80% of Inner Mongolia is ethnically Han Chinese, not Mongolian, although the 1/5 of Inner Mongolia that is ethnically Mongol still makes up twice as many Mongols as live in independent Mongolia.[[/note]]

to:

Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[Main/{{Cyrillic [[UsefulNotes/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally). [[note]]The other difference is that 80% of Inner Mongolia is ethnically Han Chinese, not Mongolian, although the 1/5 of Inner Mongolia that is ethnically Mongol still makes up twice as many Mongols as live in independent Mongolia.[[/note]]
7th Jan '16 3:12:22 PM gallium
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Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[Main/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally).

to:

Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[Main/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally).
horizontally). [[note]]The other difference is that 80% of Inner Mongolia is ethnically Han Chinese, not Mongolian, although the 1/5 of Inner Mongolia that is ethnically Mongol still makes up twice as many Mongols as live in independent Mongolia.[[/note]]
1st Jan '16 7:34:17 AM gallium
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* ''Film/APearlInTheForest'' is about Buryat tribesmen fleeing Russia for Mongolia to escape the communes of UsefulNotes/JosephStalin, and the damage wreaked by a Buryat communist who returns to sniff out defectors in his home village.



* ''Film/APearlInTheForest'' is about Buryat tribesmen fleeing Russia for Mongolia to escape the communes of UsefulNotes/JosephStalin, and the damage wreaked by a Buryat communist who returns to sniff out defectors in his home village.
* ''Film/StormOverAsia'' is a 1928 Soviet propaganda film about a Mongol herder who leads the people of the steppe in revolt against their British EvilColonialist oppressors.



* ''Film/TsogtTaij'' is a 1945 Mongolian film about a RealLife Mongolian prince who fought for Mongolian independence against the Chinese and Tibetans.



* ''Film/StormOverAsia'' is a 1928 Soviet propaganda film about a Mongol herder who leads the people of the steppe in revolt against their British EvilColonialist oppressors.
14th Dec '15 7:53:09 PM Dimas28
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Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia.

to:

Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia.
Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[Main/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally).
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