History UsefulNotes / Mongolia

3rd Mar '16 3:50:40 PM hamza678
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Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[Main/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally). [[note]]The other difference is that 80% of Inner Mongolia is ethnically Han Chinese, not Mongolian, although the 1/5 of Inner Mongolia that is ethnically Mongol still makes up twice as many Mongols as live in independent Mongolia.[[/note]]

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Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[Main/{{Cyrillic [[UsefulNotes/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally). [[note]]The other difference is that 80% of Inner Mongolia is ethnically Han Chinese, not Mongolian, although the 1/5 of Inner Mongolia that is ethnically Mongol still makes up twice as many Mongols as live in independent Mongolia.[[/note]]
7th Jan '16 3:12:22 PM gallium
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Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[Main/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally).

to:

Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[Main/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally).
horizontally). [[note]]The other difference is that 80% of Inner Mongolia is ethnically Han Chinese, not Mongolian, although the 1/5 of Inner Mongolia that is ethnically Mongol still makes up twice as many Mongols as live in independent Mongolia.[[/note]]
1st Jan '16 7:34:17 AM gallium
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* ''Film/APearlInTheForest'' is about Buryat tribesmen fleeing Russia for Mongolia to escape the communes of UsefulNotes/JosephStalin, and the damage wreaked by a Buryat communist who returns to sniff out defectors in his home village.



* ''Film/APearlInTheForest'' is about Buryat tribesmen fleeing Russia for Mongolia to escape the communes of UsefulNotes/JosephStalin, and the damage wreaked by a Buryat communist who returns to sniff out defectors in his home village.
* ''Film/StormOverAsia'' is a 1928 Soviet propaganda film about a Mongol herder who leads the people of the steppe in revolt against their British EvilColonialist oppressors.



* ''Film/TsogtTaij'' is a 1945 Mongolian film about a RealLife Mongolian prince who fought for Mongolian independence against the Chinese and Tibetans.



* ''Film/StormOverAsia'' is a 1928 Soviet propaganda film about a Mongol herder who leads the people of the steppe in revolt against their British EvilColonialist oppressors.
14th Dec '15 7:53:09 PM Dimas28
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Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia.

to:

Sometimes one will encounter references to Inner Mongolia and/or Outer Mongolia. "Inner Mongolia" refers to that portion of the traditional Mongolian homelands which is now a province of China. "Outer Mongolia" is what is now the independent nation of Mongolia.
Mongolia. Other than the demographic difference, what differentiates the two is the writing system: Outer Mongolia switched to using [[Main/{{Cyrillic Alphabet}} Cyrillic]] in the 1930s due to the influence of the Soviet Union, whereas those left outside the state continues to use the original, Aramaic-descended script (one of the few that is absolutely required to be written vertically; Japanese and Chinese, though properly vertical, is nowadays more common to be written horizontally).
27th Sep '15 12:51:23 PM jamespolk
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** ''The Conqueror'' is a 1956 film most famous as a member of the WTHCastingAgency Hall of Fame. Creator/JohnWayne played the lead role of Genghis Khan. Yes. John Wayne. Some of suggested that this film killed him, due to filming having taken place downwind of former nuclear testing areas. Of course, the fact that he was a chain smoker for decades might have played a role as well.

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** ''The Conqueror'' ''Film/TheConqueror'' is a 1956 film most famous as a member of the WTHCastingAgency Hall of Fame. Creator/JohnWayne played the lead role of Genghis Khan. Yes. John Wayne. Some of suggested that this film killed him, due to filming having taken place downwind of former nuclear testing areas. Of course, the fact that he was a chain smoker for decades might have played a role as well.
18th Aug '15 10:22:41 AM HeraldAlberich
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The Mongol Empire fell apart, bit by bit, over the following century and, though the Mongol tribes would be unified again on later occasions, they never again managed to conquer so much territory. In the 17th century, the Mongols, who by then had largely adopted Tibetan Buddhism, became the vassals of the [[DynastiesFromShangToQing Qing Dynasty]].

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The Mongol Empire fell apart, bit by bit, over the following century and, though the Mongol tribes would be unified again on later occasions, they never again managed to conquer so much territory. In the 17th century, the Mongols, who by then had largely adopted Tibetan Buddhism, became the vassals of the [[DynastiesFromShangToQing [[UsefulNotes/DynastiesFromShangToQing Qing Dynasty]].
2nd Jul '15 7:14:27 AM MAI742
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A landlocked country sandwiched between Russia and China, Mongolia is sparsely populated, with fewer than 3 million inhabitants spread over a territory more than twice the size of Texas. Nowadays it is home to a peaceful people, and hasn't caught the world's attention for good or ill in the past half-millennium. And yet, Mongolia was once the center of an empire that ruled the Old World from the Danube to the Pacific Ocean.

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A landlocked country sandwiched between Russia and China, Mongolia is sparsely populated, with fewer than 3 million inhabitants spread over a territory more than twice the size of Texas.France/Texas. Nowadays it is home to a peaceful people, and hasn't caught the world's attention for good or ill in the past half-millennium. And yet, Mongolia was once the center of an empire that ruled the Old World from the Danube to the Pacific Ocean.
29th Jun '15 9:36:45 PM SoapyTroper
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[[caption-width-right:323: ''[[Film/TheProducers "Watch out, Asia! We're going on tour!"]]'']]
11th Mar '15 8:01:33 PM h27kim
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They regained their independence in 1921 as China was in the throes of the [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Warlord Era]], but in short order they fell under the suzerainty of the Soviet Union. For better or worse, the move was a total necessity: even as late as the 1950s, after the Chinese Civil War, maps belonging to the [[TheOtherChineseArmy Nationalist Chinese Government]] identified Mongolia as part of the Republic of China on the basis of being the successor to the Chinese Empire. Between Chinese anxiousness to reincorporate Mongolia and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Japanese invasion of Manchuria]], the geographically huge but demographically small Mongolian People's Republic owed its continued independence to its role as a Soviet-endorsed buffer between the USSR and China. Mongolian politics and national defense was largely shaped on the basis of counting on this role while stuck between two of the largest countries in the world. During this period, the Mongols were led first by Damdin Sukhbaatar, for whom the capital (Ulanbaatar - "Red Hero") is named. Sukbaatar is generally considered to be the Father of modern Mongolia. Unfortunately, he died of overwork in 1923 (though popular narratives suggest he was poisoned). The other important leader of Mongolia during this period was Khorloogiin Choibalsan, whose nickname "the Stalin of the Mongolia" should tell you everything you need to know about him.

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They regained their independence in 1921 as China was in the throes of the [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors Warlord Era]], but in short order they fell under the suzerainty of the Soviet Union. For better or worse, the move was a total necessity: even as late as the 1950s, after the Chinese Civil War, maps belonging to the [[TheOtherChineseArmy Nationalist Chinese Government]] identified Mongolia as part of the Republic of China on the basis of being the successor to the Chinese Empire.Empire (in fact, the RoC government, even when confined to the island of Taiwan, has continued to recognize Mongolia as part of China well into 20th century. While some laws were changed between 2002 and 2006 to permit Mongolia to be treated as a de facto foreign country, The RoC Constitution has not been amended to make the recognition formal as of 2015). Between Chinese anxiousness to reincorporate Mongolia and [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Japanese invasion of Manchuria]], the geographically huge but demographically small Mongolian People's Republic owed its continued independence to its role as a Soviet-endorsed buffer between the USSR and China. Mongolian politics and national defense was largely shaped on the basis of counting on this role while stuck between two of the largest countries in the world. During this period, the Mongols were led first by Damdin Sukhbaatar, for whom the capital (Ulanbaatar - "Red Hero") is named. Sukbaatar is generally considered to be the Father of modern Mongolia. Unfortunately, he died of overwork in 1923 (though popular narratives suggest he was poisoned). The other important leader of Mongolia during this period was Khorloogiin Choibalsan, whose nickname "the Stalin of the Mongolia" should tell you everything you need to know about him.
1st Dec '14 9:47:02 PM gallium
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* ''Film/APearlInTheForest'' is about Buryat tribesmen fleeing Russia for Mongolia to escape the communes of UsefulNotes/JosephStalin, and the damage wreaked by a Buryat communist who returns to sniff out defectors in his home village.



** ''The Conqueror'' is a 1956 film most famous as a member of the WTHCastingAgency Hall of Fame. Creator/JohnWayne played the lead role of Genghis Khan. Yes. John Wayne. It's long suspected of being the film that killed him, due to filming on former nuclear testing areas. Of course, the fact that he was a chain smoker for decades might have played a role as well.

to:

** ''The Conqueror'' is a 1956 film most famous as a member of the WTHCastingAgency Hall of Fame. Creator/JohnWayne played the lead role of Genghis Khan. Yes. John Wayne. It's long suspected Some of being the suggested that this film that killed him, due to filming on having taken place downwind of former nuclear testing areas. Of course, the fact that he was a chain smoker for decades might have played a role as well.
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