History UsefulNotes / Jupiter

3rd Jan '18 2:26:27 PM ScorpiusOB1
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It's thought that below the visible clouds, whose depth is of around just 50 kilometers and where exist thunderstorms far more powerful than anything Earth's atmosphere can bring on, the atmosphere as both pressure and temperature increase transitions smoothly into a sort of global ocean of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metallic hydrogen]] surrouding a large core of rock and ice.

to:

It's thought that below the visible clouds, whose depth is of around just 50 kilometers and where exist thunderstorms far more powerful than anything Earth's atmosphere can bring on, the atmosphere as both pressure and temperature increase transitions smoothly into a sort of global ocean of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metallic org/wiki/Metallic_hydrogen metallic hydrogen]] (see quote that begins this article) surrouding a large core of rock and ice.
2nd Jan '18 6:59:23 AM ScorpiusOB1
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2nd Jan '18 6:58:29 AM ScorpiusOB1
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It's thought that below the visible clouds, whose depth is of around just 50 kilometers and where exist thunderstorms far more powerful than Earth's atmosphere can bring on, the atmosphere as both pressure and temperature increase transitions smoothly into a sort of global ocean of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metallic hydrogen]] surrouding a large core of rock and ice.

to:

\nIt's thought that below the visible clouds, whose depth is of around just 50 kilometers and where exist thunderstorms far more powerful than anything Earth's atmosphere can bring on, the atmosphere as both pressure and temperature increase transitions smoothly into a sort of global ocean of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metallic hydrogen]] surrouding a large core of rock and ice.
2nd Jan '18 6:50:03 AM ScorpiusOB1
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Jupiter's magnetic field is much stronger than Earth's, and its magnetosphere is larger than the sun. How big? If it were visible, it would be larger than the moon from our perspective - and it ''reaches UsefulNotes/{{Saturn}}''. Unlike in Earth's magnetosphere, where most of the energy and material comes from the Solar Wind, Jupiter's magnetosphere gets most of its material from Io's volcanoes, which release gas that is stripped off the moon and ionized, and energized by Jupiter's rotation. Jupiter's magnetosphere is home to extremely strong radiation belts, a plasma torus following the orbit of Io, and radio emissions. The Auroras of Jupiter are unusual in being powered more by the planet's rotation (Through the magnetosphere plasma) than by solar wind. Jupiter's moons produce their own "auroral spots" on Jupiter, by interacting with the magnetosphere and sending currents into the atmosphere. Said belts are also ''very nasty'' for the electronics of the spacecrafts that pass through them[[note]]Explaining why the ''Juno'' probe, currently orbiting Jupiter, has all its electronics within a [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juno_Radiation_Vault large titanium box]][[/note]] (and especially to future human missions to Jupiter as they bathe the rings and moons up to Ganymede in more than enough radiation to kill a human -several times from Europa inwards-.

to:

Jupiter's magnetic field is much stronger than Earth's, and its magnetosphere is larger than the sun. How big? If it were visible, it would be larger than the moon from our perspective - and it ''reaches UsefulNotes/{{Saturn}}''. Unlike in Earth's magnetosphere, where most of the energy and material comes from the Solar Wind, Jupiter's magnetosphere gets most of its material from Io's volcanoes, which release gas that is stripped off the moon and ionized, and energized by Jupiter's rotation. Jupiter's magnetosphere is home to extremely strong radiation belts, a plasma torus following the orbit of Io, and radio emissions. The Auroras of Jupiter are unusual in being powered more by the planet's rotation (Through the magnetosphere plasma) than by solar wind. Jupiter's moons produce their own "auroral spots" on Jupiter, by interacting with the magnetosphere and sending currents into the atmosphere. Said belts are also ''very nasty'' for the electronics of the spacecrafts that pass through them[[note]]Explaining why the ''Juno'' probe, currently orbiting Jupiter, has all its electronics within a [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juno_Radiation_Vault large titanium box]][[/note]] (and especially to future human missions to Jupiter as they bathe the rings and moons up to Ganymede [[UsefulNotes/TheMoonsOfJupiter Ganymede]]'s orbit in more than enough radiation to kill a human -several times from Europa inwards-.inwards-).
2nd Jan '18 6:45:44 AM ScorpiusOB1
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Jupiter's magnetic field is much stronger than Earth's, and its magnetosphere is larger than the sun. How big? If it were visible, it would be larger than the moon from our perspective - and it ''reaches UsefulNotes/{{Saturn}}''. Unlike in Earth's magnetosphere, where most of the energy and material comes from the Solar Wind, Jupiter's magnetosphere gets most of its material from Io's volcanoes, which release gas that is stripped off the moon and ionized, and energized by Jupiter's rotation. Jupiter's magnetosphere is home to extremely strong radiation belts, a plasma torus following the orbit of Io, and radio emissions. The Auroras of Jupiter are unusual in being powered more by the planet's rotation (Through the magnetosphere plasma) than by solar wind. Jupiter's moons produce their own "auroral spots" on Jupiter, by interacting with the magnetosphere and sending currents into the atmosphere. Said belts are also ''very'' nasty for the electronics of the spacecrafts that pass through them (and especially to future human missions to Jupiter as they bathe the rings and moons up to Ganymede in more than enough radiation to kill a human -several times from Europa inwards-.

to:

Jupiter's magnetic field is much stronger than Earth's, and its magnetosphere is larger than the sun. How big? If it were visible, it would be larger than the moon from our perspective - and it ''reaches UsefulNotes/{{Saturn}}''. Unlike in Earth's magnetosphere, where most of the energy and material comes from the Solar Wind, Jupiter's magnetosphere gets most of its material from Io's volcanoes, which release gas that is stripped off the moon and ionized, and energized by Jupiter's rotation. Jupiter's magnetosphere is home to extremely strong radiation belts, a plasma torus following the orbit of Io, and radio emissions. The Auroras of Jupiter are unusual in being powered more by the planet's rotation (Through the magnetosphere plasma) than by solar wind. Jupiter's moons produce their own "auroral spots" on Jupiter, by interacting with the magnetosphere and sending currents into the atmosphere. Said belts are also ''very'' nasty ''very nasty'' for the electronics of the spacecrafts that pass through them them[[note]]Explaining why the ''Juno'' probe, currently orbiting Jupiter, has all its electronics within a [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juno_Radiation_Vault large titanium box]][[/note]] (and especially to future human missions to Jupiter as they bathe the rings and moons up to Ganymede in more than enough radiation to kill a human -several times from Europa inwards-.
2nd Jan '18 6:43:08 AM ScorpiusOB1
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Jupiter's magnetic field is much stronger than Earth's, and its magnetosphere is larger than the sun. How big? If it were visible, it would be larger than the moon from our perspective - and it ''reaches UsefulNotes/{{Saturn}}''. Unlike in Earth's magnetosphere, where most of the energy and material comes from the Solar Wind, Jupiter's magnetosphere gets most of its material from Io's volcanoes, which release gas that is stripped off the moon and ionized, and energized by Jupiter's rotation. Jupiter's magnetosphere is home to extremely strong radiation belts, a plasma torus following the orbit of Io, and radio emissions. The Auroras of Jupiter are unusual in being powered more by the planet's rotation (Through the magnetosphere plasma) than by solar wind. Jupiter's moons produce their own "auroral spots" on Jupiter, by interacting with the magnetosphere and sending currents into the atmosphere.

to:

Jupiter's magnetic field is much stronger than Earth's, and its magnetosphere is larger than the sun. How big? If it were visible, it would be larger than the moon from our perspective - and it ''reaches UsefulNotes/{{Saturn}}''. Unlike in Earth's magnetosphere, where most of the energy and material comes from the Solar Wind, Jupiter's magnetosphere gets most of its material from Io's volcanoes, which release gas that is stripped off the moon and ionized, and energized by Jupiter's rotation. Jupiter's magnetosphere is home to extremely strong radiation belts, a plasma torus following the orbit of Io, and radio emissions. The Auroras of Jupiter are unusual in being powered more by the planet's rotation (Through the magnetosphere plasma) than by solar wind. Jupiter's moons produce their own "auroral spots" on Jupiter, by interacting with the magnetosphere and sending currents into the atmosphere. \n Said belts are also ''very'' nasty for the electronics of the spacecrafts that pass through them (and especially to future human missions to Jupiter as they bathe the rings and moons up to Ganymede in more than enough radiation to kill a human -several times from Europa inwards-.
2nd Jan '18 6:32:41 AM ScorpiusOB1
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It's thought that below the visible clouds, whose depth is of just 50 kilometers and where thunderstorms far more powerful than Earth's atmosphere can bring on form, the atmosphere as both pressure and temperature increase transitions smoothly into a sort of global ocean of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metallic hydrogen]] surrouding a large core of rock and ice.

to:

It's thought that below the visible clouds, whose depth is of around just 50 kilometers and where exist thunderstorms far more powerful than Earth's atmosphere can bring on form, on, the atmosphere as both pressure and temperature increase transitions smoothly into a sort of global ocean of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metallic hydrogen]] surrouding a large core of rock and ice.
2nd Jan '18 6:31:19 AM ScorpiusOB1
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The biggest gas giant in UsefulNotes/TheSolarSystem, massing over 300 times more than Earth. Jupiter's mass is so great as to single-handedly pull the center of gravity for the entire solar system into the empty space beyond the Sun's surface. It's mostly hydrogen and helium, although various other compounds provide its colorful bands and storms, and scientists believe a rocky core sits at its center. Its most prominent surface feature is called [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the Great Red Spot]]. It's an anticyclone, a whirling storm 3 times as big across as the Earth. Much of the energy for Jupiter's weather appears to come from the very slow contraction of the planet.

to:

The biggest gas giant in UsefulNotes/TheSolarSystem, massing over 300 times more than Earth. Jupiter's mass is so great as to single-handedly pull the center of gravity for the entire solar system into the empty space beyond the Sun's surface. It's mostly hydrogen and helium, although various other compounds provide its colorful bands and storms, and scientists believe a rocky core sits at its center. Its most prominent surface feature is called [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the Great Red Spot]]. Spot]], in some works a source of NightmareFuel for the colonists based on Jupiter's moons due to its eye-like appearance. It's an anticyclone, a whirling storm 3 times as big across as the Earth. Earth that according to [[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasas-juno-probes-the-depths-of-jupiters-great-red-spot/ recent data]] extends relatively deep into Jupiter. Much of the energy for Jupiter's its weather appears to come from the very slow contraction of the planet.
planet.

It's thought that below the visible clouds, whose depth is of just 50 kilometers and where thunderstorms far more powerful than Earth's atmosphere can bring on form, the atmosphere as both pressure and temperature increase transitions smoothly into a sort of global ocean of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metallic hydrogen]] surrouding a large core of rock and ice.



Scientists now believe that gas giants like our Jupiter are actually rare, and that most gas giants eventually become "hot Jupiters". Our own Jupiter would have been one as well had Saturn not existed - and had Jupiter migrated closer and closer to the Sun, it would have wiped out the inner planets with its gravity (and as explained in the third note, this ''could'' have happened.)

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Scientists now believe that gas giants in wide orbits like our Jupiter are actually rare, and that most gas giants eventually become "hot Jupiters".Jupiters" orbiting very close to their suns. Our own Jupiter would have been one as well had Saturn not existed - and had Jupiter migrated closer and closer to the Sun, it would have wiped out the inner planets with its gravity (and as explained in the third note, this ''could'' have happened.)
)[[note]]Even so it will go "hot Jupiter" once the Sun becomes a red giant, but due to the Sun's greatly increased luminosity and not because it will move much closer to the Daystar[[/note]]
9th Sep '17 11:39:18 AM MarkLungo
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->''Jupiter instead cooled down below the threshold for fusion, but it maintained enough heat and mass and pressure to cram atoms very close together, to the point they stop behaving like the atoms we recognize on earth. Inside Jupiter, they enter a limbo of possibility between chemical and nuclear reactions, where planet-sized diamonds and oily hydrogen metal seem plausible.''

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->''Jupiter ->''"Jupiter instead cooled down below the threshold for fusion, but it maintained enough heat and mass and pressure to cram atoms very close together, to the point they stop behaving like the atoms we recognize on earth. Inside Jupiter, they enter a limbo of possibility between chemical and nuclear reactions, where planet-sized diamonds and oily hydrogen metal seem plausible.''"''



Also known as Earth's Big Brother.

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Also known as Earth's UsefulNotes/{{Earth}}'s Big Brother.



Jupiter's magnetic field is much stronger than Earth's, and its magnetosphere is larger than the sun. How big? If it were visible, it would be larger than the moon from our perspective - and it ''reaches Saturn''. Unlike in Earth's magnetosphere, where most of the energy and material comes from the Solar Wind, Jupiter's magnetosphere gets most of its material from Io's volcanoes, which release gas that is stripped off the moon and ionized, and energized by Jupiter's rotation. Jupiter's magnetosphere is home to extremely strong radiation belts, a plasma torus following the orbit of Io, and radio emissions. The Auroras of Jupiter are unusual in being powered more by the planet's rotation (Through the magnetosphere plasma) than by solar wind. Jupiter's moons produce their own "auroral spots" on jupiter, by interacting with the magnetosphere and sending currents into the atmosphere.

Its gravity probably stunted Mars by starving it of material when Jupiter migrated towards the Sun, when it should have gotten as big as Earth and Venus, and when it migrated back out thanks to Saturn, kept another planet from forming where the main asteroid belt is now. This migration also pushed Uranus and Neptune into their distant orbits, along with making them switch places (Uranus was originally the outermost planet). There's a strong possibility that this also ejected a planet from the Solar System, there's evidence[[note]]a lithium spot on the Sun[[/note]] another gas giant plunged into the Sun[[note]]The recent [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Tack_Hypothesis Grand Tack theory]] proposes Jupiter could have migrated inward to Mars' distance to the Sun (1.5 A. U.), messing with both the asteroid belt and any planets that could have formed there, with the current terrestrial planets forming of what was left after it migrated outward.[[/note]], and a growing body of evidence[[note]]the bizarre orbital configurations of certain trans-Neptunian objects, some of which stumped astronomers for years[[/note]] that yet another ice giant, or at least the solid object that would have otherwise become the core of an ice giant, was launched into the outer solar system beyond the Kuiper Belt. This is also why there's no "super-Earths" in the Solar System, despite them being far more common in alien solar systems than Earth-sized bodies. That's not all. The Grand Tack Theory also shows that Jupiter pushed icy material from the outer solar system into the inner, giving Earth a massive amount of water, a lot of it on the surface, but most of it located 300 miles under the crust. Venus and Mars also received that gift, but they were unable to keep their water for various reasons.

to:

Jupiter's magnetic field is much stronger than Earth's, and its magnetosphere is larger than the sun. How big? If it were visible, it would be larger than the moon from our perspective - and it ''reaches Saturn''.UsefulNotes/{{Saturn}}''. Unlike in Earth's magnetosphere, where most of the energy and material comes from the Solar Wind, Jupiter's magnetosphere gets most of its material from Io's volcanoes, which release gas that is stripped off the moon and ionized, and energized by Jupiter's rotation. Jupiter's magnetosphere is home to extremely strong radiation belts, a plasma torus following the orbit of Io, and radio emissions. The Auroras of Jupiter are unusual in being powered more by the planet's rotation (Through the magnetosphere plasma) than by solar wind. Jupiter's moons produce their own "auroral spots" on jupiter, Jupiter, by interacting with the magnetosphere and sending currents into the atmosphere.

Its gravity probably stunted Mars UsefulNotes/{{Mars}} by starving it of material when Jupiter migrated towards the Sun, when it should have gotten as big as Earth and Venus, UsefulNotes/{{Venus}}, and when it migrated back out thanks to Saturn, kept another planet from forming where the main asteroid belt is now. This migration also pushed Uranus UsefulNotes/{{Uranus}} and Neptune UsefulNotes/{{Neptune}} into their distant orbits, along with making them switch places (Uranus was originally the outermost planet). There's a strong possibility that this also ejected a planet from the Solar System, there's evidence[[note]]a lithium spot on the Sun[[/note]] another gas giant plunged into the Sun[[note]]The recent [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Tack_Hypothesis Grand Tack theory]] proposes Jupiter could have migrated inward to Mars' distance to the Sun (1.5 A. U.), messing with both the asteroid belt and any planets that could have formed there, with the current terrestrial planets forming of what was left after it migrated outward.[[/note]], and a growing body of evidence[[note]]the bizarre orbital configurations of certain trans-Neptunian objects, some of which stumped astronomers for years[[/note]] that yet another ice giant, or at least the solid object that would have otherwise become the core of an ice giant, was launched into the outer solar system beyond the Kuiper Belt. This is also why there's no "super-Earths" in the Solar System, despite them being far more common in alien solar systems than Earth-sized bodies. That's not all. The Grand Tack Theory also shows that Jupiter pushed icy material from the outer solar system into the inner, giving Earth a massive amount of water, a lot of it on the surface, but most of it located 300 miles under the crust. Venus and Mars also received that gift, but they were unable to keep their water for various reasons.
11th Dec '16 7:59:56 PM trumpetmarietta
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The biggest gas giant in UsefulNotes/TheSolarSystem, massing over 300 times more than Earth. Jupiter's mass is so great as to single-handedly pull the center of gravity for the entire solar system into the empty space beyond the Sun's surface. It's mostly hydrogen and helium, although various other compounds provide its colorful bands and storms, and scientists believe a rocky core sits at its center. Its most prominent surface feature is called [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the Great Red Spot]]. It's a cyclone, a whirling storm 3 times as big across as the Earth. Much of the energy for Jupiter's weather appears to come from the very slow contraction of the planet.

to:

The biggest gas giant in UsefulNotes/TheSolarSystem, massing over 300 times more than Earth. Jupiter's mass is so great as to single-handedly pull the center of gravity for the entire solar system into the empty space beyond the Sun's surface. It's mostly hydrogen and helium, although various other compounds provide its colorful bands and storms, and scientists believe a rocky core sits at its center. Its most prominent surface feature is called [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the Great Red Spot]]. It's a cyclone, an anticyclone, a whirling storm 3 times as big across as the Earth. Much of the energy for Jupiter's weather appears to come from the very slow contraction of the planet.
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