History UsefulNotes / Iceland

16th Sep '17 10:54:50 AM ThorirPP
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Iceland ('''Icelandic:''' ''Lýðveldið Ísland'') is the westernmost country in Europe (politically, at any rate; for geography see below). It's notable for having a population more or less on par with a mid-sized European… city (300 000 inhabitants). Situated on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a geological faultline, Iceland has a lot of volcanoes and new islands pop up from time to time (e.g. see the isle of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surtsey Surtsey]], a classic study in ecology). On account of its placement on the Ridge, it is therefore technically both in Europe and North America (or rather the Eurasian and North American geological plates), with the capital Reykjavik being on the North American side. One particular volcano, Eyjafjallajökull, erupted in the summer of 2010, causing a massive ash cloud that essentially closed most of Europe's airspace.

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Iceland ('''Icelandic:''' ''Lýðveldið Ísland'') ''Ísland'') is the westernmost country in Europe (politically, at any rate; for geography see below). It's notable for having a population more or less on par with a mid-sized European… city (300 000 inhabitants). Situated on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a geological faultline, Iceland has a lot of volcanoes and new islands pop up from time to time (e.g. see the isle of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surtsey Surtsey]], a classic study in ecology). On account of its placement on the Ridge, it is therefore technically both in Europe and North America (or rather the Eurasian and North American geological plates), with the capital Reykjavik being on the North American side. One particular volcano, Eyjafjallajökull, erupted in the summer of 2010, causing a massive ash cloud that essentially closed most of Europe's airspace.
6th Aug '17 6:48:55 PM Nicoaln
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[[UsefulNotes/TheVikingAge First settled]] in 874, Iceland ended up as part of Norway in the mid 13th century, then went to Denmark in the 16th century (after the dissolution of the Kalmar Union). When Denmark fell to the Germans in 1940, the island was cut off and decided to act independently. The British invaded, believing that they would stop the Germans going after it (they weren't planning to do so). The Icelandic government protested, but resigned themselves to cooperating after the British promised compensation and a withdrawal after the war. As British forces were needed elsewhere, occupation was handed over to the United States. There were more U.S. forces (40,000) than adult male locals, and many of the former married the local women.

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[[UsefulNotes/TheVikingAge First settled]] in 874, Iceland ended up as part of Norway in the mid 13th century, then went to Denmark in the 16th century (after the dissolution of the Kalmar Union). Nearly suffered a Class Zero ApocalypseHow during the 1780s when [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laki it suffered a Phreatic Eruption]]. When Denmark fell to the Germans in 1940, the island was cut off and decided to act independently. The British invaded, believing that they would stop the Germans going after it (they weren't planning to do so). The Icelandic government protested, but resigned themselves to cooperating after the British promised compensation and a withdrawal after the war. As British forces were needed elsewhere, occupation was handed over to the United States. There were more U.S. forces (40,000) than adult male locals, and many of the former married the local women.
30th Jun '17 8:18:05 PM Mullon
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* Indiana Jones travels to Iceland in ''VideoGame/IndianaJonesAndTheFateOfAtlantis'', to the site of one of his earliest digs, to look for clues to the location of Atlantis. Later he learns that one of Atlantis' three colonies was in Iceland.

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* Indiana Jones travels to Iceland in ''VideoGame/IndianaJonesAndTheFateOfAtlantis'', to the site of one of his earliest digs, to look for clues to the location of Atlantis. Later he on Indy learns that one of Atlantis' three colonies was in Iceland.
30th Jun '17 8:17:29 PM Mullon
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\n* Indiana Jones travels to Iceland in ''VideoGame/IndianaJonesAndTheFateOfAtlantis'', to the site of one of his earliest digs, to look for clues to the location of Atlantis. Later he learns that one of Atlantis' three colonies was in Iceland.
5th Apr '17 5:04:59 AM TheAmazingBlachman
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[[caption-width-right:329:Ó, guð vors lands! Ó, land vors guð!]]
31st Mar '17 8:46:40 PM JulianLapostat
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First settled in 874, Iceland ended up as part of Norway in the mid 13th century, then went to Denmark in the 16th century (after the dissolution of the Kalmar Union). When Denmark fell to the Germans in 1940, the island was cut off and decided to act independently. The British invaded, believing that they would stop the Germans going after it (they weren't planning to do so). The Icelandic government protested, but resigned themselves to cooperating after the British promised compensation and a withdrawal after the war. As British forces were needed elsewhere, occupation was handed over to the United States. There were more U.S. forces (40,000) than adult male locals, and many of the former married the local women.

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[[UsefulNotes/TheVikingAge First settled settled]] in 874, Iceland ended up as part of Norway in the mid 13th century, then went to Denmark in the 16th century (after the dissolution of the Kalmar Union). When Denmark fell to the Germans in 1940, the island was cut off and decided to act independently. The British invaded, believing that they would stop the Germans going after it (they weren't planning to do so). The Icelandic government protested, but resigned themselves to cooperating after the British promised compensation and a withdrawal after the war. As British forces were needed elsewhere, occupation was handed over to the United States. There were more U.S. forces (40,000) than adult male locals, and many of the former married the local women.
23rd Oct '16 1:10:23 PM Morgenthaler
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-->-- Iceland's heading from {{The Onion}}'s ''OurDumbWorld''

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-->-- Iceland's heading from {{The Website/{{The Onion}}'s ''OurDumbWorld''
''Literature/OurDumbWorld''
4th Oct '16 5:38:20 PM nombretomado
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Suffered a large scale banking collapse and a drop in the value of its currency in 2008. This led to an odd situation where money and VendorTrash earned in ''EveOnline'' was worth more than their real currency (CCP Games is based in Iceland and the game's currency has the same code, ISK, as Iceland's krónur). The collapse was sufficiently bad that Iceland applied to the IMF for currency stabilization (something that rich countries haven't done on a large scale in quite some time) and applied to the EU for membership (before, Icelanders hadn't decided they needed it). However, the EU membership bid seems doomed since only one party supports it (and not whole-heartedly at that) and also because the question will have to be decided in a referendum, and polls show that as of now, about 70% of the population is against it. It doesn't help that Icelanders were left pretty [[StealthPun cold]] by what happened to some countries that received the EU's "help", like Greece. The banking collapse affected the UK, where a lot of councils had banked with Icelandic banks.

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Suffered a large scale banking collapse and a drop in the value of its currency in 2008. This led to an odd situation where money and VendorTrash earned in ''EveOnline'' ''VideoGame/EveOnline'' was worth more than their real currency (CCP Games is based in Iceland and the game's currency has the same code, ISK, as Iceland's krónur). The collapse was sufficiently bad that Iceland applied to the IMF for currency stabilization (something that rich countries haven't done on a large scale in quite some time) and applied to the EU for membership (before, Icelanders hadn't decided they needed it). However, the EU membership bid seems doomed since only one party supports it (and not whole-heartedly at that) and also because the question will have to be decided in a referendum, and polls show that as of now, about 70% of the population is against it. It doesn't help that Icelanders were left pretty [[StealthPun cold]] by what happened to some countries that received the EU's "help", like Greece. The banking collapse affected the UK, where a lot of councils had banked with Icelandic banks.
16th Apr '16 12:36:46 AM Scoutstr295
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Suffered a large scale banking collapse and a drop in the value of its currency in 2008. This led to an odd situation where money and VendorTrash earned in ''EveOnline'' was worth more than their real currency (CCP Games is based in Iceland and the game's currency has the same code, ISK, as Iceland's krónur). The collapse was sufficiently bad that Iceland applied to the IMF for currency stabilization (something that rich countries haven't done on a large scale in quite some time) and applied to the EU for membership (before, Icelanders hadn't decided they needed it). The banking collapse affected the UK, where a lot of councils had banked with Icelandic banks.

However, the EU membership bid seems doomed since only one party supports it (and not whole-heartedly at that) and also because the question will have to be decided in a referendum, and polls show that as of now, about 70% of the population is against it. It doesn't help that Icelanders were left pretty [[StealthPun cold]] by what happened to some countries that received the EU's "help", like Greece…

to:

Suffered a large scale banking collapse and a drop in the value of its currency in 2008. This led to an odd situation where money and VendorTrash earned in ''EveOnline'' was worth more than their real currency (CCP Games is based in Iceland and the game's currency has the same code, ISK, as Iceland's krónur). The collapse was sufficiently bad that Iceland applied to the IMF for currency stabilization (something that rich countries haven't done on a large scale in quite some time) and applied to the EU for membership (before, Icelanders hadn't decided they needed it). However, the EU membership bid seems doomed since only one party supports it (and not whole-heartedly at that) and also because the question will have to be decided in a referendum, and polls show that as of now, about 70% of the population is against it. It doesn't help that Icelanders were left pretty [[StealthPun cold]] by what happened to some countries that received the EU's "help", like Greece. The banking collapse affected the UK, where a lot of councils had banked with Icelandic banks.

However, In 2013, Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson was elected prime minister on the EU membership bid seems doomed since only one party supports it (and not whole-heartedly at that) and also because the question will have to be decided in a referendum, and polls show promise that as of now, about 70% he would crack down on Iceland's foreign creditors. Three years later, the leaked "Panama Papers" revealed that Gunnlaugsson's wife possessed millions in an offshore bank account, money which was housed by the same shell corporation which was a creditor for the collapsed Icelandic banks. In other words, Gunnlaugsson's wife was one of the population is against it. It doesn't help that Icelanders were left pretty [[StealthPun cold]] by what happened very creditors he promised to some countries that received go after. Gunnlaugsson resigned soon after the EU's "help", like Greece…
leaks, raising the possibility of a snap election.
19th Mar '16 9:56:02 PM Dimas28
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Added DiffLines:


Also notable is the language. North Germanic languages are already known for their conservative tendencies among the Germanic languages, but Icelandic takes it UpToEleven by practically being a carbon-copy of Old Norse, the language of the Vikings when they first settled the island in the 9th century, making it a real-life example of an EternalEnglish (or should we say, Eternal Norse?). Icelanders can simply read the works of Creator/SnorriSturluson (helps that he's also an Icelandic Viking) without any prior learning of Old Norse at all; though the works might feel a bit archaic at times, it's still perfectly understandable for them than it is to, say, the Danes. Icelandic orthography also preserves many archaic letters that have been long lost in other modern Germanic languages, like the Þ (basically what would happen if ''th'' is a single letter). Faroese, the language of Iceland's closest neighbor, the Faroese Islands, is closely related to Icelandic and also famously conservative.
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