History UsefulNotes / Funerals

3rd Apr '17 8:41:10 PM TechPriest90
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!!India
The normal Hindu practice is cremation, ashes scattered in the Ganges River.

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!!India
!!UsefulNotes/{{Hinduism}}
The normal Hindu practice is cremation, with the ashes scattered in the Ganges River.River - however, this isn't absolutely cast in iron, so if one can't make it to the Ganges, any water body will do - the only requirement is that it be not stagnant.

The reasons behind cremation are that, since Hindus believe in reincarnation, the next life will get a fresh body (no matter where the incarnation) so there is no need to keep an old body - it being little more than the "clothing" the soul wears and to be discarded once it is of no use. The second reason is that by burning the body to ash and pouring it into the water, it returns to the Earth from where it came, thus keeping all things in balance. Think of it like a transaction - you rented out some materials from the planet for your body, and once you've finished using it, the materials are returned to the original owner.

Mourners are normally expected to wear all white - though again, this isn't ironclad, and it differs from place to place. Conduct at the time of the funeral also varies from region to region, from grim, sombre events, to loud displays of lamentation and anguish, to [[RuleOfThree loud]] and colourful processions with dancing, singing, rejoicing and much fanfare.

The last rites are usually completed within a day of death. The body is washed and wrapped in funerary linen [[ColourCodedForYourConvenience (white if the dead person is a man or an unmarried [or widowed] woman, red if it is a woman whose husband is still alive, white or yellow if it is a child)]]. The big toes are tied together with a string and a ''Tilak'' (a red, yellow or white mark - this normally depends on sect and caste, or just personal preference) is placed on the forehead. The funeral pyre is placed such that the feet are facing south.

The eldest son, or a male mourner (eldest in that family), or a Priest whoever is designated as the lead mourner then bathes himself before leading the cremation ceremony. He circles the dry wood pyre with the body, says a eulogy or recites a hymn, places sesame seeds or rice in the dead person's mouth (the toll to enter the Halls of the Dead), sprinkles the body and the pyre with clarified butter, then draws three lines, signifying Yamaraj [[DontFearTheReaper (the God of Death)]], Kaala [[ApocalypseHow/ClassZ (the God of Time, He who devours all things)]] and the Dead. Prior to lighting the pyre, an earthen pot is filled with water, and the lead mourner circles the body with it, before lobbing the pot over his shoulder so it breaks near the head. Then the pyre is set ablaze. An optional last bit is to performing ''Kapala Kriya'', [[ImpaledWithExtremePrejudice or the ritual of piercing the burning skull with a stave (bamboo fire poker) to make a hole or break it]], in order to release the soul.

All those who attend the cremation, and are exposed to the dead body or cremation smoke take a bath as soon as possible after the cremation, as the cremation ritual is considered unclean and polluting.

In some regions, the male relatives of the deceased shave their head and invite all friends and relatives, on the tenth or twelfth day, to eat a simple meal together in remembrance of the deceased. This day, in some communities, also marks a day when the poor and needy are offered food in memory of the dead.

12th Mar '17 7:58:26 AM MasterofGalaxies4628
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DueToTheDead is an old trope. Very old. Based on archeological evidence, we have reason to believe that [[OlderThanDirt some form of it occurred as long as 300,000 years ago]], as a practice among the Neanderthals. [[note]]Elephants have what looks a lot like some kind of funerary rite too, but it's a kind that doesn't show up well on the fossil record, so who knows how long the dead have been ritually mourned?[[/note]]

Proper funerary rites are often deemed necessary to prevent the deceased from being BarredFromTheAfterlife and other evils, but [[ValuesDissonance what qualifies as proper varies widely]]. Cremation and burial are the most common, but such practices as exposing to the dead to vultures and other unusual methods are not unknown. Even slicing up the body has been done -- as a means to free the soul from the body. This is often a time of danger, with the body being regarded as polluting.

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->'''Ivy:''' UsefulNotes/{{Indonesia}}ns build these beautiful towers that they believe reach up to a spot between Heaven and Earth. [[AndThereWasMuchRejoicing There's singing and music, processions, and big feasts to celebrate the passing of their loved one's soul onto Heaven.]]\\
'''Zack:''' Wow, that's real different than the [[MeaningfulFuneral somber funerals]] [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates we]] have.\\
'''Ivy:''' Well, different cultures see death differently.
-->--''WesternAnimation/WhereOnEarthIsCarmenSandiego'', "Hot Ice"

DueToTheDead is an old trope. Very ''Very'' old. Based on archeological evidence, we have reason to believe that [[OlderThanDirt some form of it occurred as long as 300,000 years ago]], as a practice among the Neanderthals. [[note]]Elephants have what looks a lot like some kind of funerary rite too, but it's a kind that doesn't show up well on the fossil record, so who knows how long the dead have been ritually mourned?[[/note]]

Proper funerary rites are often deemed necessary to prevent the deceased from being BarredFromTheAfterlife and other evils, but [[ValuesDissonance what qualifies as proper "proper" varies widely]]. Cremation and burial are the most common, but such practices as exposing to the dead to vultures and other unusual methods are not unknown. Even slicing up the body has been done -- as a means to free the soul from the body. This is often a time of danger, with the body being regarded as polluting.



!!Christianity

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!!Christianity!!UsefulNotes/{{Christianity}}



!!Islam

UsefulNotes/{{Islam}} mandates burial underground with the head pointing toward the ''Qibla'', i.e. the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca from wherever you're standing. Much as burial pointing to the east is indicative of Christian burial, burial in the direction of the ''Qibla'' is indicative of a Muslim graveyard--if anything, more indicative, since the ''Qibla'' is so precisely defined and rarely a cardinal direction. It also mandates that the body be washed and wrapped in a plain white shroud as soon as possible--immediately after death is best--with the actual placement in a coffin (if any) and burial to take place no more than a few days after--preferably the same day, although this isn't always possible. Prior to burial, the body is taken to the mosque for noon or afternoon prayers, where a short (2-3 minutes) additional prayer called ''Salat al-Janazah'' ("[[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Funeral Prayer]]") is added to the usual prayer for that time. This prayer is a collective obligation for the community; as long as a few people perform it, the obligation is relieved. Typically the imam/sheikh/whatever gives a short speech--no more than five minutes--just before the body is buried; there is a cultural custom that the deceased's close relatives take at least a symbolic part in the burial. Placement of grave goods is generally understood to be discouraged for being too similar to sacrifice and thus ancestor worship (you only sacrifice to God).

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!!Islam

UsefulNotes/{{Islam}}
!!UsefulNotes/{{Islam}}
Islam
mandates burial underground with the head pointing toward the ''Qibla'', i.e. the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca from wherever you're standing. Much as burial pointing to the east is indicative of Christian burial, burial in the direction of the ''Qibla'' is indicative of a Muslim graveyard--if anything, more indicative, since the ''Qibla'' is so precisely defined and rarely a cardinal direction. It also mandates that the body be washed and wrapped in a plain white shroud as soon as possible--immediately after death is best--with the actual placement in a coffin (if any) and burial to take place no more than a few days after--preferably the same day, although this isn't always possible. Prior to burial, the body is taken to the mosque for noon or afternoon prayers, where a short (2-3 minutes) additional prayer called ''Salat al-Janazah'' ("[[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Funeral Prayer]]") is added to the usual prayer for that time. This prayer is a collective obligation for the community; as long as a few people perform it, the obligation is relieved. Typically the imam/sheikh/whatever gives a short speech--no more than five minutes--just before the body is buried; there is a cultural custom that the deceased's close relatives take at least a symbolic part in the burial. Placement of grave goods is generally understood to be discouraged for being too similar to sacrifice and thus ancestor worship (you only sacrifice to God).



!!Judaism

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!!Judaism!!UsefulNotes/{{Judaism}}
3rd Dec '16 1:18:43 PM MsChibi
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Proper funerary rites are often deemed necessary to prevent the deceased from being BarredFromTheAfterlife and other evils, but what qualifies as proper varies widely. Cremation and burial are the most common, but such practices as exposing to the dead to vultures and other unusual methods are not unknown. Even slicing up the body has been done -- as a means to free the soul from the body. This is often a time of danger, with the body being regarded as polluting.

to:

Proper funerary rites are often deemed necessary to prevent the deceased from being BarredFromTheAfterlife and other evils, but [[ValuesDissonance what qualifies as proper varies widely.widely]]. Cremation and burial are the most common, but such practices as exposing to the dead to vultures and other unusual methods are not unknown. Even slicing up the body has been done -- as a means to free the soul from the body. This is often a time of danger, with the body being regarded as polluting.
24th Jan '16 8:43:23 AM pittsburghmuggle
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Added DiffLines:

If you're interested in finding the graves of people in RealLife, check out the website Website/FindAGrave.
2nd Apr '15 3:19:16 AM DarkSoldier
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A Jewish burial is similar to its Christian counterpart. Jewish teachings state that one of the greatest ''mitzvah'' a person can perform for another is to bury their corpse, as it is the one act that cannot be repaid. Therefore, the attending mourners will all place at least two shovelfuls of dirt into the grave, the first with the back side of the shovel, and then plant the shovel into the exhumed dirt for another to take. The rending of garments is traditional, but it may be replaced with a symbolically-torn black ribbon worn by the immediate family.

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''Kevura'' (burial) is to take place as soon as possible after death according to the Torah, even for executed criminals. It can be delayed to allow distant relatives to travel, but is rarely postponed beyond seventy-two hours. A Jewish ''chevra kadisha'' (burial society) will prepare the deceased for burial in a process called ''taharah'': the body is similar washed, symbolically purified, dried, dressed, wrapped in a prayer shawl with a fringe removed, and placed in an unembellished casket (unless the deceased is a civilian who lived in Israel, whose body shall be placed into the grave without a casket). From then until burial, watchers will sit with the casket and recite prayers.

When the pallbearers bring the casket
to its Christian counterpart.the grave, they stop seven times for the rabbi to recite Psalm 91. Jewish teachings state that one of the greatest ''mitzvah'' a person can perform for another is to bury their corpse, as it is the one act that cannot be repaid. Therefore, the attending mourners will all place at least two three shovelfuls of dirt into the grave, the first with the back side of the shovel, and then plant the shovel into the exhumed dirt for another to take. take.

Following burial is the shiva (from the Hebrew ''shiv'ah'' lit. "seven"), wherein first-degree family members spend seven days mourning the deceased, but shiva will end prematurely for the first day of a holiday, even if that holiday begins the night of the burial. During shiva, the mourners will not perform many activities, including the conducting of business (unless one is, for example, a medical professional or holder of public office). Prayer services will be conducted in the facility where shiva is held (traditionally the family home).
The rending of garments worn over the heart (''keriah'') is traditional, but it Conservative and Reform Jews may be replaced with substitute a symbolically-torn black ribbon worn by the immediate family.ribbon.
30th Mar '15 7:07:46 PM DarkSoldier
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* The setting aside of cemetaries and locations for dealing with funerals. Mixing this with the affairs of the living means bringing in unchancy and unearthly elements to ordinary life.

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* The setting aside of cemetaries cemeteries and locations for dealing with funerals. Mixing this with the affairs of the living means bringing in unchancy and unearthly elements to ordinary life.



In Soviet Russia and certain other countries of the Soviet bloc, special burial rites were created to replace those of the displaced religions. The most common was cremation; the Communists stimulated its use due to the fact that it's un-Christian, to express disbelief in the "priests' myths". An upgraded version of cremation was burying the urn in some special place of honor, like the Kremlin Wall Necropolis in the USSR. It was reserved for important dignitaries. Finally, the most glorious leaders were interred in mausoleums, after undergoing a special mummification process that preserved their life-like appearance.

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In Soviet Russia and certain other countries of the Soviet bloc, special burial rites were created to replace those of the displaced religions. The most common was cremation; the Communists stimulated its use due to the fact that it's un-Christian, to express disbelief in the "priests' myths". An upgraded version of cremation was burying the urn in some special place of honor, like the Kremlin Wall Necropolis in the USSR. It was reserved for important dignitaries. Finally, the most glorious leaders were interred in mausoleums, after undergoing a special mummification process that preserved their life-like appearance.appearance.

!!Judaism
A Jewish burial is similar to its Christian counterpart. Jewish teachings state that one of the greatest ''mitzvah'' a person can perform for another is to bury their corpse, as it is the one act that cannot be repaid. Therefore, the attending mourners will all place at least two shovelfuls of dirt into the grave, the first with the back side of the shovel, and then plant the shovel into the exhumed dirt for another to take. The rending of garments is traditional, but it may be replaced with a symbolically-torn black ribbon worn by the immediate family.
4th Oct '14 9:27:51 AM m8e
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In the Japanese VisualKei and Music/HeavyMetal subcultures, those who attend wakes and burials of other artists are expected to tone down their appearance and dress as formally as possible (even if said appearance is a lifestyle appearance - someone who always has blonde or red or white or blue hair even offstage is expected to cut it as conservatively as possible and dye it black, or if this isn't possible due to upcoming work or events, to at least dye it a darker color or cover it). Anyone who knew the artist even as an acquaintance (and if the artist was famous enough, this includes fans as well) is usually expected to attend if at all possible, and if attendance is not possible, to send flowers and a card in their absence. Overly dramatic emotional displays are neither frowned upon ''nor'' demanded - it is very much "express how you truly feel" as a contrast to mainstream culture.

to:

In the Japanese VisualKei and Music/HeavyMetal HeavyMetal subcultures, those who attend wakes and burials of other artists are expected to tone down their appearance and dress as formally as possible (even if said appearance is a lifestyle appearance - someone who always has blonde or red or white or blue hair even offstage is expected to cut it as conservatively as possible and dye it black, or if this isn't possible due to upcoming work or events, to at least dye it a darker color or cover it). Anyone who knew the artist even as an acquaintance (and if the artist was famous enough, this includes fans as well) is usually expected to attend if at all possible, and if attendance is not possible, to send flowers and a card in their absence. Overly dramatic emotional displays are neither frowned upon ''nor'' demanded - it is very much "express how you truly feel" as a contrast to mainstream culture.
6th Jul '14 10:55:02 PM RevolutionStone
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In Shinto, an oracle decreed that the appropriate funeral rites are performed by a Buddhist priest, which is normal nowadays. Cremation and the burial of the ashes in a family plot are the common form, though some people will choose to have their ashes scattered in one place and their family grave in another. Grave goods are generally flowers, pinwheels, or items that the deceased enjoyed in life left as offering and decoration at the grave both - alcohol and tobacco are common for this reason, and occasionally food items such as candy as well.

to:

In Shinto, an oracle decreed that the appropriate funeral rites are performed by a Buddhist priest, which is normal nowadays. Cremation and the burial of the ashes in a family plot are the common form, though some people will choose to have their ashes scattered in one place and their family grave in another. Grave goods are generally flowers, pinwheels, or items that the deceased enjoyed in life left as offering and decoration at the grave both - alcohol and tobacco are common for this reason, and occasionally food items such as candy as well.
well. (Stealing these from a grave or defacing a grave is generally considered a very taboo act and can result in ''everyone'' being barred from visiting the grave, or in criminal penalties as any other kind of theft/vandalism.)
31st Jan '14 6:39:12 PM DracMonster
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->''The meeting between ignorance and knowledge, between brutality and culture - it begins in the dignity with which we treat our dead.''
-->--Frank Herbert, ''Literature/{{Dune}}''
23rd Jan '14 12:10:27 PM JoieDeCombat
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DueToTheDead is an old trope. Very old. Based on archeological evidence, we have reason to believe that [[OlderThanDirt they occurred as long as 300,000 years ago]], as a practice among the Neanderthals. [[note]]Elephants have what looks a lot like some kind of funerary rite too, but it's a kind that doesn't show up well on the fossil record, so who knows how long the dead have been ritually mourned?[[/note]]

to:

DueToTheDead is an old trope. Very old. Based on archeological evidence, we have reason to believe that [[OlderThanDirt they some form of it occurred as long as 300,000 years ago]], as a practice among the Neanderthals. [[note]]Elephants have what looks a lot like some kind of funerary rite too, but it's a kind that doesn't show up well on the fossil record, so who knows how long the dead have been ritually mourned?[[/note]]
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